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Larderello, Pomarance, Pisa Province, Tuscany, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Larderello- not defined -
PomaranceCommune
Pisa ProvinceProvince
TuscanyRegion
ItalyCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
43° 13' 59'' North , 10° 52' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Montecerboli783 (2014)2.0km
Larderello342 (2014)2.0km
Castelnuovo di Val di Cecina1,528 (2014)3.9km
Serrazzano395 (2014)4.6km
San Dalmazio135 (2014)5.8km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Larderello, Pomarance, Pisa, Toscana, Italia


No description has been added for this locality. Can you add one?

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

33 valid minerals. 6 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:1236-1251
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:1236-1251
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:1236-1251
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Orlandi P., (2005). "Geositi minerari e mineralogici della provincia di Pisa" in La geologia della provincia di Pisa. Cartografia, geositi e banche dati, pp. 55-280, Provincia di Pisa, 2005
Ammonioborite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)2[B5O6(OH)4]2 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: D'Achiardi G. (1932): Considerazioni e ricerche sulla larderellite, ammonioborite (?) e bechilite (?) di Larderello (Pisa). Periodico di Mineralogia - Roma pp. 36-42; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 366; Chukanov, N.V. (2014) Infrared spectroscopy of minerals. Extended library. Volume 1. Springer, Dordrecht Heidelberg New York London, pages 73 and 75.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:1236-1251
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:1236-1251
'Bechilite'
Formula: CaB4O7 · 6H2O
Reference: D'Achiardi G. (1932): Considerazioni e ricerche sulla larderellite, ammonioborite (?) e bechilite (?) di Larderello (Pisa). Periodico di Mineralogia - Roma pp. 36-42.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:1236-1251
Biringuccite (TL)
Formula: Na2B5O8(OH) · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: NJMA 148 (1983), 163
Borax
Formula: Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: NANNONI R., SAMMARTINO F., "Guida ai minerali dei Monti Livornesi" CALDERINI, Bologna, 1977
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Cavarretta, G., Gianelli, G., & Puxeddu, M. (1982). Formation of authigenic minerals and their use as indicators of the physicochemical parameters of the fluid in the Larderello-Travale geothermal field. Economic Geology, 77(5), 1071-1084.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:1236-1251
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:1236-1251
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Orlandi P., (2005). "Geositi minerari e mineralogici della provincia di Pisa" in La geologia della provincia di Pisa. Cartografia, geositi e banche dati, pp. 55-280, Provincia di Pisa, 2005
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:1236-1251
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:1236-1251
Kernite
Formula: Na2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Description: Colourless acicular crystals in association with ulexite, orpiment, and realgar.
Reference: Chukanov, N.V. (2014) Infrared spectroscopy of minerals. Extended library. Volume 1. Springer, Dordrecht Heidelberg New York London, page 76.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:1236-1251
Larderellite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)B5O7(OH)2 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: D'Achiardi G. (1930): - Nuovi dati e ricerche sulla larderellite. Periodico di Mineralogia - Roma pp. 208-213; Millosevich F. (1930)- Larderellite e paternoite. pp. 214-215. Periodico di Mineralogia - Roma and D'Achiardi G. (1932): Considerazioni e ricerche sulla larderellite, ammonioborite (?) e bechilite (?) di Larderello (Pisa). Periodico di Mineralogia - Roma pp. 36-42; Chukanov, N.V. (2014) Infrared spectroscopy of minerals. Extended library. Volume 1. Springer, Dordrecht Heidelberg New York London, page 46 and 67.
Nasinite (TL)
Formula: Na2[B5O8(OH)] · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: C. Cipriani, P. Vannuccini: Atti Rend. Accad. Lincei 30:74-83 + 235-245 (1961)
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. V (2003); Chukanov, N.V. (2014) Infrared spectroscopy of minerals. Extended library. Volume 1. Springer, Dordrecht Heidelberg New York London, page 76.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:1236-1251
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. V (2003)
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Chukanov, N.V. (2014) Infrared spectroscopy of minerals. Extended library. Volume 1. Springer, Dordrecht Heidelberg New York London, page 76.
Santite (TL)
Formula: K[B5O6(OH)4] · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Merlino, S., and Sartori, F. (1970): Santite, a New Mineral Phase from Larderello, Tuscany. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 27, 159-165.
Sassolite
Formula: H3BO3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 366; S. Merlino, F. Sartori: Can. Mineral. 27:159-165 (1970)
Sborgite (TL)
Formula: Na[B5O6(OH)4] · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist (1958): 43: 378.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: D'Achiardi A., 1872/73. Mineralogia della Toscana. Arnaldo Forni Editore, Pisa
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. V (2003)
Tincalconite
Formula: Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Reference: Quagliarella Asciano F., Vurro F. (1973) - Tincalconite di Larderello - Per. Min. Roma, 42, 3, pp. 583-589
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:1236-1251
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:1236-1251
Tschermigite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Coradossi, N. (1973). Nuovi ritrovamenti di composti di ammonio in zone geotermiche. Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 29, 129.
Ulexite
Formula: NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Description: Colourless crystals in association with kernite, orpiment, and realgar.
Reference: Chukanov, N.V. (2014) Infrared spectroscopy of minerals. Extended library. Volume 1. Springer, Dordrecht Heidelberg New York London, page 76.
Wairakite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 6 - Borates
Ammonioborite (TL)6.EA.15(NH4)2[B5O6(OH)4]2 · H2O
Biringuccite (TL)6.EC.05Na2B5O8(OH) · H2O
Borax6.DA.10Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Kernite6.DB.05Na2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Larderellite (TL)6.EB.05(NH4)B5O7(OH)2 · H2O
Nasinite (TL)6.EC.05Na2[B5O8(OH)] · 2H2O
Santite (TL)6.EA.10K[B5O6(OH)4] · 2H2O
Sassolite6.AA.05H3BO3
Sborgite (TL)6.EA.05Na[B5O6(OH)4] · 3H2O
Tincalconite6.DA.15Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Ulexite6.EA.25NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Tschermigite7.CC.20(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Wairakite9.GB.05Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bechilite'-CaB4O7 · 6H2O
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
AmBn[XO3]p
Sassolite24.3.1.1H3BO3
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Tetraborates
Borax26.4.1.1Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Kernite26.4.5.1Na2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Tincalconite26.4.2.1Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Pentaborates
Ammonioborite (TL)26.5.3.1(NH4)2[B5O6(OH)4]2 · H2O
Biringuccite (TL)26.5.7.1Na2B5O8(OH) · H2O
Larderellite (TL)26.5.4.1(NH4)B5O7(OH)2 · H2O
Nasinite (TL)26.5.6.1Na2[B5O8(OH)] · 2H2O
Santite (TL)26.5.2.1K[B5O6(OH)4] · 2H2O
Sborgite (TL)26.5.1.1Na[B5O6(OH)4] · 3H2O
Ulexite26.5.11.1NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Tschermigite29.5.5.3(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Wairakite77.1.1.3Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bechilite'-CaB4O7 · 6H2O
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H SantiteK[B5O6(OH)4] · 2H2O
H Ammonioborite(NH4)2[B5O6(OH)4]2 · H2O
H BiringucciteNa2B5O8(OH) · H2O
H Larderellite(NH4)B5O7(OH)2 · H2O
H SborgiteNa[B5O6(OH)4] · 3H2O
H NasiniteNa2[B5O8(OH)] · 2H2O
H BechiliteCaB4O7 · 6H2O
H SassoliteH3BO3
H TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
H UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
BBoron
B SantiteK[B5O6(OH)4] · 2H2O
B Ammonioborite(NH4)2[B5O6(OH)4]2 · H2O
B BiringucciteNa2B5O8(OH) · H2O
B Larderellite(NH4)B5O7(OH)2 · H2O
B SborgiteNa[B5O6(OH)4] · 3H2O
B NasiniteNa2[B5O8(OH)] · 2H2O
B BechiliteCaB4O7 · 6H2O
B SassoliteH3BO3
B TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
B BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
B KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
B UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
NNitrogen
N Ammonioborite(NH4)2[B5O6(OH)4]2 · H2O
N Larderellite(NH4)B5O7(OH)2 · H2O
N Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
OOxygen
O SantiteK[B5O6(OH)4] · 2H2O
O Ammonioborite(NH4)2[B5O6(OH)4]2 · H2O
O BiringucciteNa2B5O8(OH) · H2O
O Larderellite(NH4)B5O7(OH)2 · H2O
O SborgiteNa[B5O6(OH)4] · 3H2O
O NasiniteNa2[B5O8(OH)] · 2H2O
O BechiliteCaB4O7 · 6H2O
O SassoliteH3BO3
O TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O QuartzSiO2
O BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O CorundumAl2O3
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
O UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na BiringucciteNa2B5O8(OH) · H2O
Na SborgiteNa[B5O6(OH)4] · 3H2O
Na NasiniteNa2[B5O8(OH)] · 2H2O
Na TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Na KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Na UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S OrpimentAs2S3
S SulphurS8
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S RealgarAs4S4
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K SantiteK[B5O6(OH)4] · 2H2O
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca BechiliteCaB4O7 · 6H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
AsArsenic
As OrpimentAs2S3
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As RealgarAs4S4

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
• D'Achiardi A., 1872/73. Mineralogia della Toscana. Arnaldo Forni Editore, Pisa.
• Merlino, S., and Sartori, F. (1970): Santite, a New Mineral Phase from Larderello, Tuscany. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 27, 159-165.
• Coradossi, N. (1973). Nuovi ritrovamenti di composti di ammonio in zone geotermiche. Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 29, 129.
• Orlandi P., (2005). "Geositi minerari e mineralogici della provincia di Pisa" in La geologia della provincia di Pisa. Cartografia, geositi e banche dati, pp. 55-280, Provincia di Pisa, 2005.
Chukanov, N.V. (2014) Infrared spectroscopy of minerals. Extended library. Volume 1. Springer, Dordrecht Heidelberg New York London, pages 46, 67, 73, 75, and 76.

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