|Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):||21° 18' 17'' South , 119° 16' 40'' East|
|Latitude & Longitude (decimal):||-21.30482,119.27789|
|Köppen climate type:||BWh : Hot deserts climate|
Volcanogenic massive sulphide (VMS) deposits, hosted in rhyolite or andesite-basalt near the contact with overlying turbiditic sediments.
50 kilometres west of Marble Bar, but area can be reached via the North Pole Road from the north-west. Rugged and remote area of mountains cut by gorges.
It is a volanic hosted base metal (copper and zinc) deposit. The deposits are found along a 35 kilometre mineralised belt in the north north-east trending Lallah Rookh- Western Shaw Corridor, a fault bounded domain. Surrounding this is the Warrawoona Group of mafic to ultramafic rocks with interbedded cherts and lesser felsic volcanics, overlain by the Sulphur Springs and Kelly Groups of intermediate to felsic volcanic rocks, cut by the Strelley Granite. Over this is the Gorge Group of iron formations and clastic sediments, overlain by the De Grey and Fortescue siliciclastic sedimentary strata.
The Sulphur Springs Formation is composed of five units; the basal Six Mile Creek and Leilira Creek Formations of mixed sedimentary and volcanic rocks; Kunagunarrina Formation of magnesian basalt, komatiite and chert; the Kangaroo Caves Formation of tholeiitic-basalt-andesite-dacite-rhyolite volcanic and sub-volcanic intrusives; all cut by the Strelley Granite.
The base metal deposits are hosted by tholeiitic volcanic and volcaniclastics ranging from basalt to a rhyoltitic composition. The deposits are usually sited at the contact between the Kangaroo Caves Formation and the Strelley Granite in strongly silicified siltstone. Below the massive sulphide deposits is an area of veining with four alteration facies; albite and/or K-Feldspar-chlorite-calcite and/or ankerite-quartz-pyrite-leucoxene-magnetite-sericite; feldspar-sericite-quartz; sericite-quartz; and chlorite-quartz.
There are three major deposits (Sulphur Springs, Kangaroo Caves, Bernt's), and seven smaller VHMS deposits. Five mineralisation styles are seen in the area:
1. magmatic Cu-Zn-Pb-Sn veins at the top of the Strelley Monzogranite.
2. molybdenite, fluorite, and topaz associated with greisen zones in the Strelley Monzogranite.
3. Cu-Au mineralisation in quartz stockworks hosted by spherulitic dacite of the Kangaroo Caves Formation.
4. Ni mineralisation near the base of periodotitic intrusions in the Kunagunarinna Formation.
5. Au mineralisation near the base of the Leilira Formation, and in granite hosted quartz veins.
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Mineral ListMineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
33 valid minerals.
Rock Types Recorded
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Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
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Entries shown in red are rocks recorded for this region.
- Igneous rock
- Normal crystalline igneous rock
- Sedimentary rock and sediment
- Unclassifed rock
Localities in this RegionShow map
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- Brauhart, C.W., Huston, D.L., and Andrew, A.S. (2000): Oxygen Isotope Mapping in the Panorama VMS District, Pilbara Craton, Western Australia- applications to estimating temperatures of alteration and to exploration. Mineralium Deposita 35, 727-740.
- Susan L. Drieberg, Steffen G. Hagemann, David L. Huston, Gary Landis, Chris G. Ryan, Esmé Van Achterbergh, Torsten Vennemann (2013): The Interplay of Evolved Seawater and Magmatic-Hydrothermal Fluids in the 3.24 Ga Panorama Volcanic-Hosted Massive Sulfide Hydrothermal System, North Pilbara Craton, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 108, 79-110.