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Bronzewing Mine (Bronzewing-Mount McClure Mine), Bronzewing Goldfield (Mount McClure), Leonora Shire, Western Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Bronzewing Mine (Bronzewing-Mount McClure Mine)Mine
Bronzewing Goldfield (Mount McClure)Ore Field
Leonora ShireShire
Western AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
27° 22' 28'' South , 121° 0' 31'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:


The Bronzewing Gold Mine is located 83 kilometres north-east of Leinster, and was discovered by prospector Mark Creasy in the late 1980's.

He sold the lease in 1991 to Great Central Mines for $115 million, earning him an entry into the Guiness Book of Records for the prospector with the richest payout for a mineral discovery. Part of this money was used to buy significant collections of Western Australian minerals, including the Borner Collection and Blair Gartrell Collections. These he donated to the Western Australian Museum and Kalgoorlie's Miners Hall of Fame. Information on Mark's life can be found by visiting the Miners Hall of Fame.

After initial strong gold recoveries, the mine has had a chequered ownership history. The mine opened in 1991. Great Central Mines was taken over by Normandy Mining in 1999, then in turn taken over by Newmont Mining Corporation in 2002. Between 1991 and 2004 the mine produced 3 million ounces of gold from eleven open cuts and two underground operations. These extend some 30 kilometres south of the Bronzewing mine.

At the Bronzewing location itself, is the Discovery pit, and immediately north of this the Central pit. Both caused mining companies much grief, by not achieving gold grades predicted. Immediately north of the pits is the plant, and next to this east is the Laterite Pit, which as the name suggests is a very shallow near surface open pit. The airstrip and mining camp are a kilometre to the north-east.

View Resources purchased the mine in 2004, and initially placed it under care and maintenance, before re-opening it again in 2007. Ore was mined from two pits (Success and Central), and two underground declines (Discovery and Calista). By 2008 gold recoveries were below expectations, and View Resources eventually went into liquidation.

Navigator Resources purchased the mine in 2009, with mining starting the following year, but again gold recoveries were below expectation, and the company went into administration in March 2013.

The mine is located in the Yandal Greenstone Belt, 250 kilometres long by 40 kilometres wide. The Belt also holds the Jundee and Darlot mines, along with several other smaller mines and prospects.

As the mine is located in the Bates Creek drainage area, the surface contains a significant amount of alluvium 80 to 120 metres in depth from the surface. It contains ferro-saprolite grading to saprolite lower down, composed of kaolinite, smectite and quartz. The ferruginous saprolite is yellow brown to red brown in colour, dominated by kaolinite and goethite. Mottled saprolite further down is red hematite pseudomorphing other minerals. The saprolite also contains iron nodules, quartz, clay and silt. Relict chlorite, feldspars, calcite, mica and pyrite are also found in more minor amounts. Gold is found in the lower levels of the alluvium. Copper, silver and tungsten is also found but appears to have no direct relationship to the gold.

Fresh rock is encountered 80 to 120 metres from the surface. It contains iron rich tholeiitic basalts and dolerite units, with lesser ultramafic, felsic and sedimentary sequences. The area shows early thrusting following by three stages of deformation, with gold mineralisation associated with the final deformation stage. The high iron content of the host rocks favours the formation of iron sulphides caused by iron from the wall rock, with sulphur from the mineralising solution. The loss of this sulphur causes destabilization of the gold-sulphur complex leading to the precipitation of gold. The tendency of the host rock to fracture easily when subjected to water pressure also contributes to the high gold grades of these deposits.

Gold is found in association with quartz veins and pillow basalts. While the veins are sulphide poor, locally abundant pyrite has been found, with pyrrhotite, minor chalcopyrite, scheelite and visible gold. The deposit contains little in the way of supergene enrichment.

On June 26 2000, 18 000 cubic metres of slurry broke through a storage area and flooded the underground workings, trapping and killing three mine workers at the 450 metre level.


Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


20 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Neil Phillips, G., Vearncombe, J.R., and Eshuys, E. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 310-316.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Neil Phillips, G., Vearncombe, J.R., and Eshuys, E. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 310-316.; Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Neil Phillips, G., Vearncombe, J.R., and Eshuys, E. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 310-316.; Eilu, P., Mikucki, E.J., and Dugdale, A.L. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 13-31.; Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Neil Phillips, G., Vearncombe, J.R., and Eshuys, E. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 310-316.; Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Neil Phillips, G., Vearncombe, J.R., and Eshuys, E. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 310-316.; Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Neil Phillips, G., Vearncombe, J.R., and Eshuys, E. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 310-316.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Neil Phillips, G., Vearncombe, J.R., and Eshuys, E. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 310-316.; Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Eilu, P., Mikucki, E.J., and Dugdale, A.L. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 13-31.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Eilu, P., Mikucki, E.J., and Dugdale, A.L. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 13-31.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Eilu, P., Mikucki, E.J., and Dugdale, A.L. (2001): Alteration Zoning and Primary Geochemical Dispersion at the Bronzewing Lode-gold Deposit, Western Australia. Mineralium Deposita (2001):36: 13-31.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Eilu, P., Mikucki, E.J., and Dugdale, A.L. (2001): Alteration Zoning and Primary Geochemical Dispersion at the Bronzewing Lode-gold Deposit, Western Australia. Mineralium Deposita (2001):36: 13-31.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Neil Phillips, G., Vearncombe, J.R., and Eshuys, E. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 310-316.; Eilu, P., Mikucki, E.J., and Dugdale, A.L. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 13-31.; Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Eilu, P., Mikucki, E.J., and Dugdale, A.L. (2001): Alteration Zoning and Primary Geochemical Dispersion at the Bronzewing Lode-gold Deposit, Western Australia. Mineralium Deposita (2001):36: 13-31.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Eilu, P., Mikucki, E.J., and Dugdale, A.L. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 13-31.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Eilu, P., Mikucki, E.J., and Dugdale, A.L. (2001): Alteration Zoning and Primary Geochemical Dispersion at the Bronzewing Lode-gold Deposit, Western Australia. Mineralium Deposita (2001):36: 13-31.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Neil Phillips, G., Vearncombe, J.R., and Eshuys, E. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 310-316.
'Mica Group'
Reference: Eilu, P., Mikucki, E.J., and Dugdale, A.L. (2001): Alteration Zoning and Primary Geochemical Dispersion at the Bronzewing Lode-gold Deposit, Western Australia. Mineralium Deposita (2001):36: 13-31.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Neil Phillips, G., Vearncombe, J.R., and Eshuys, E. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 310-316.; Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Eilu, P (2003), Orogenic Gold Deposits, Fennoscandian Exploration Mining, 2003
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Neil Phillips, G., Vearncombe, J.R., and Eshuys, E. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 310-316.; Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Neil Phillips, G., Vearncombe, J.R., and Eshuys, E. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 310-316.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Neil Phillips, G., Vearncombe, J.R., and Eshuys, E. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 310-316.; Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Eilu, P., Mikucki, E.J., and Dugdale, A.L. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 13-31.; Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Eilu, P., Mikucki, E.J., and Dugdale, A.L. (2001): Alteration Zoning and Primary Geochemical Dispersion at the Bronzewing Lode-gold Deposit, Western Australia. Mineralium Deposita (2001):36: 13-31.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Eilu, P., Mikucki, E.J., and Dugdale, A.L. (2001): Alteration Zoning and Primary Geochemical Dispersion at the Bronzewing Lode-gold Deposit, Western Australia. Mineralium Deposita (2001):36: 13-31.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Eilu, P., Mikucki, E.J., and Dugdale, A.L. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 13-31.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Mica Group'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Mica Group'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O RutileTiO2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Neil Phillips, G., Vearncombe, J.R., and Eshuys, E. (1998): Yandal Greenstone Belt, Western Australia- 12 million ounces of gold in the 1990s. Mineralium Deposita (1998):33: 310-316.
Eilu, P., Mikucki, E.J., and Dugdale, A.L. (2001): Alteration Zoning and Primary Geochemical Dispersion at the Bronzewing Lode-gold Deposit, Western Australia. Mineralium Deposita (2001):36: 13-31.
Jones, F.(2001): Pick and Shovel, Australian Prospectors and Miners Hall of Fame (Apr 2001): 14:
Anand, R.R., Phang, C, Varga, Z.S.(2005): Bronzewing Gold Deposits Western Australia, CRC LEME (2005)

External Links


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