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First Hit Gold Mine, Menzies, Menzies Shire, Western Australia, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 29° 41' 28'' South , 121° 1' 8'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -29.69127,121.01904
GeoHash:G#: qdwp1fg7g
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate


The First Hit Gold Mine borders the Menzies town site to the west. It was discovered in 1928 by Richard Duckworth and John Allan, more than thirty years after the original gold discoveries nearby.

It has a simple ownership history. Duckworth and Allan got about developing what would soon prove to be a very rich mine. In 1934 the mine was floated locally with 150 000 pounds capital. 16 000 pounds was used to purchase and erect a five head battery. The directors are J.L. Paton, R. Falconer and R. Duckworth. About twenty men are employed.

The mine either closed or was at a low ebb during the World War Two years. Tributers are noted in 1946. The company took back operations in 1947. Shortly after the battery was sold to the Victory Exploration Syndicate of Coolgardie, and it was removed. The lease was sold soon after to Robinson and Dewar (surnames). March 1950, R. Sanders bought out Dewar's share.

A 65 metre deep open pit was developed on the oxide resource across 1996 to 1997 by Paddington Gold, who carted the ore to their processing plant near Broad Arrow.

Historic underground production down to 300 metres below the surface amounts to 165 000 tonnes at 32.0 g/t yielding 169 756 ounces. Recent open pit production is 325 000 tonne of ore at 2.40 g/t yielding 25 078 ounces of gold. The remaining resource is 102 300 tonnes at 3.75 g/t yielding 12 349 ounces.

The lode is divided into two being First Hit and the more southerly
Queensland Menzies (this will be loaded separately), the second portion of the lode off-set by a west-east striking fault. Mineralisation occurs as a south plunging quartz-biotite zone, hosted by interbedded mafic amphibolite and talc-tremolite-chlorite ultramafic schists.

Gold is developed in a series of short (30 metre) long quartz lodes, with sinistral and dextral shear movement. The veins are elongated and plunge 20 to 30 degrees south south-east.

Sulphidic minerals are galena, sphalerite, pyrite, pyrrhotite, and arsenopyrite.

The site contains two abandoned pits, a large tailings heap to the north-west, and the 1955 dated Menzies state battery. The battery is not open to the public.

There is also a First Hit Gold Mine near the Riverina Station in the Menzies Shire.


Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


14 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Archean
2500 - 4000 Ma



ID: 784939
amphibolite 74334

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Description: Amphibolite, mafic schist, mafic rock intercalated with granite, para-amphibolite; metabasalt, metagabbro, metapyroxenite and metadolerite; Youanmi Terrane

Comments: meta-igneous mafic; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Meta-igneous mafic

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Neoarchean - Mesoarchean
2500 - 3200 Ma



ID: 3187518
Archean volcanic rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 3200 Ma)

Comments: Yilgarn Craton

Lithology: Greenstone belt; mafic-ultramafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Witt, W.K., Knight, J.T., E.J. Mikucki, (1997), A Synmetamorphic Lateral Fluid Flow Model for Gold Mineralisation in the Archean Southern Kalgoorlie and Norseman Terranes Western Australia, Economic Geology, Vol 92 (4), pp 407-437, 1997
Kalgoorlie Miner newspaper (1948), First Hit Option Exercised, 20/11/1948
Kalgoorlie Miner newspaper (1950), First Hit G.M., 10/03/1950
Kalgoorlie Miner newspaper (1934), First Hit G.M. Menzies, 09/08/1934
Sunday Times newspaper (Perth) (1935), First Hit Mine, 17/02/1935
Mirror newspaper (Perth) (1934), Menzies Comeback. First Hit Plans Big Development, 03/11/1934
Rox Resources Ltd (2004), Prospectus. Independent Geologist's Report of the Menzies Project (Castle, M.), 12/02/2004

 
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