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Fenice Capanne Mine, Massa Marittima, Grosseto Province, Tuscany, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Fenice Capanne MineMine
Massa MarittimaCommune
Grosseto ProvinceProvince
TuscanyRegion
ItalyCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
43° 0' 42'' North , 10° 54' 53'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Massa Marittima5,707 (2014)4.4km
Ghirlanda213 (2014)5.0km
Valpiana499 (2014)5.3km
Potassa208 (2014)7.1km
Niccioleta248 (2014)8.3km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Miniera Fenice Capanne, Massa Marittima, Grosseto, Toscana, Italia


Fenice Capanne or older name Fenice Massetana was a mixed sulphides mine: copper, lead, zinc.

The mineral occurrence was known before and during the Middle Ages (also from 6–7th centuries B.C.), but its industrial exploitation and production only started at the end of 1800. Its best production years were reached between 1920 and 1930. It consisted of a big copper sulphides-quartz lode with N-S orientation, with strike around 45° towards E. The lode is embedded in argillites and calcareous Eocene rocks which are metamorphized by thermal action due to the plutonic complex of the area. The lode was really very rich in ores near its surface but it became poorer in copper content with increasing depth. The Fenice Capanne mining complex activity ended in 1985.
See also the genetically similar Accesa mine.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


26 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: A.Costantini, G.Pagani (2015) Minerali: bellezze della natura nel parco delle colline metallifere - Tuscan mining geopark . 1-266
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: D'Achiardi A., 1872/73. Mineralogia della Toscana. Arnaldo Forni Editore, Pisa
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: A.Costantini, G.Pagani (2015) Minerali: bellezze della natura nel parco delle colline metallifere - Tuscan mining geopark . 1-266
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Giuliano Bettini Collection
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Felsőbányaite
Formula: Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Description: Found in association with pyrite from cavities in calcite veins. It was originally classified as boulangerite.
Reference: Biagioni C., Orlandi P., Bardi T., Bazzoni C., Bernocchi M., Carlini R., Mangoni G. (2015): Jamesonite: nuove segnalazioni dalle Colline Metallifere. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 39, 4 (4-2015), 262-265.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Felsőbányaite7.DD.05Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Fibroferrite7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Felsőbányaite31.4.4.1Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O HematiteFe2O3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O CalciteCaCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O AragoniteCaCO3
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SSulfur
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S BaryteBaSO4
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
CaCalcium
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu CopperCu
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
SbAntimony
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
D'Achiardi, A., (1872/73). Mineralogia della Toscana. Arnaldo Forni Editore, Pisa.
Toso, P., (1892) Miniere di rame: Fenice Massetana e Capanne Vecchie. Relazione sul servizio minerario, 3, pp.106-108 - Corpo Reale delle miniere, Roma.
Lotti, B. (1893): Descrizione geologico-mineraria dei dintorni di Massa Marittima in Toscana. Memorie descrittive della carta geologica d'Italia, 8, pp.1-171 - Regio Ufficio geologico d'Italia, Roma.
Attolico, D. (1921) Le Miniere della Fenice Massetana e delle Capanne Vecchie. -In "Miscellanea di descrizioni e notizie riguardanti i luoghi visitati durante la XXXIV riunione della Società geologica Italiana", pp.57-67. SOCIETA' GEOLOGICA ITALIANA, Pisa.
Squarzina, F. (1963) Cenni sulle principali miniere di rame e di piriti in italia. L'industria mineraria, serie II, anno XIV, 10, pp.575-582.
Associazione Mineraria Italiana, Roma.
Dill, H. (1979) Lagerstättenkundliche Untersuchungen zur Entstehung der Pyrit-führenden Blei-Kupfer-Zink-Lagerstätte Accesa (SW-Toskana). Mineral. Deposita 14, 57-80. [http://www.neogeo.unisi.it/dbgmnew/Archivio/T-271/TESTO_271.01.PDF; also discusses Fenice Capanne]
Lombardi, E. (1985) Le miniere delle Colline Metallifere. in: “Massa Marittima e il suo territorio nella storia e nell'arte”, chapter V, pp.172-180 – Cantagalli Ed., Siena.
Nannoni, R., Capperi, M. (1983) La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Mario, C. and Roberto, N. (1997) "La mine de Fenice Capanne (Grosseto)." Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1(Janvier/Février), 63-82.
Mascaro, I., Benvenuti, M., Corsini, F., Costagliola, P., Lattanzi, P., Parrini, P., & Tanelli, G. (2001) Mine wastes at the polymetallic deposit of Fenice Capanne (southern Tuscany, Italy). Mineralogy, geochemistry, and environmental impact. Environmental Geology, 41(3-4), 417-429.
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Bardi, T., Bazzoni, C., Bernocchi, M., Carlini, R., Mangoni, G. (2015) Jamesonite: nuove segnalazioni dalle Colline Metallifere. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 39, 4 (4-2015), 262-265.

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