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Tien Shan, Asiai
Regional Level Types
Tien ShanGroup of Mountain Ranges
AsiaContinent

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Almaty2,000,900 (2016)
Aksu340,020 (2017)
Xinyuan300,000 (2017)
Korla179,465 (2017)
Khŭjand144,865 (2014)
Angren126,957 (2012)
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Tian Shan; Tienshan
Other Languages:
French:
Tian Shan, Asie
German:
Tian Shan, Asien
Italian:
Tien Shan, Asia
Russian:
Тянь-Шань, Азия
Simplified Chinese:
天山山脉, 亚洲
Spanish:
Tian Shan, Asia
Afrikaans:
Tiensjan
Arabic:
جبال تيان شان
Armenian:
Տյան-Շան
Asturian:
Tian Shan
Azeri:
Tyan-Şan
Bashkir:
Тянь-Шань
Basque:
Tian Shan
Belarusian:
Цянь-Шань
Bengali:
তিয়ান সান
Bulgarian:
Тяншан
Catalan:
Tian Shan
Cebuano:
Tien Shan
Chuvash:
Тянь-Шань
Croatian:
Tanšan
Czech:
Ťan-šan
Danish:
Tian Shan, Asien
Dutch:
Tiensjan
Esperanto:
Tianŝan
Estonian:
Tian Shan
Farsi/Persian:
تیان شان
Finnish:
Tienšan
Georgian:
ტიან-შანი
Greek:
Τιεν Σαν, Ασία
Hebrew:
טיין שאן
Hindi:
तियाँ शान
Hungarian:
Tien-san
Indonesian:
Tian Shan
Japanese:
天山山脈
Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):
Тянь-Шань, Азия
Korean:
톈산산맥
Kyrgyz:
Тянь-Шань
Latvian:
Tjanšans
Lithuanian:
Tian Šanis
Macedonian:
Тјеншан
Malay:
Tian Shan
Malayalam:
ടിയാൻഷാൻ പർവതനിര
Marathi:
थ्यॅन षान
Minnan / Hokkien-Taiwanese:
Thian-san Soaⁿ-me̍h
Mongolian:
Тэнгэр Уул
Norwegian:
Tian Shan
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Tian Shan
Occitan:
Tian Shan
Polish:
Tienszan
Portuguese:
Tian Shan
Romanian:
Tian-Șan
Scots:
Tian Shan
Serbian:
Тјен Шан
Serbo-Croatian:
Tanšan
Slovak:
Ťanšan
South Azerbaijani:
تانری داغلاری
Swedish:
Tianshan
Tagalog:
Tian Shan
Tamil:
தியான் சான்
Tatar:
Tän-Şän
Thai:
เทียนชาน
Traditional Chinese:
天山, 亞洲
Turkish:
Tanrı Dağları
Ukrainian:
Тянь-Шань
Urdu:
تیان شان
Uyghur:
تەڭرىتاغ
Uzbek (Latin Script):
Tyan-Shan
Vietnamese:
Thiên Sơn
Welsh:
Tien Shan
Western Punjabi:
تیان شان
Wu Chinese:
天山


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Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

592 valid minerals. 85 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 3 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Ablykite'
Reference: Mineral Magazine (1943) 26:334
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Filippov, A. G., & TSIBANOV, V. (2013). Kan-i-Gut Cave Mine in Kyrgyzstan/La Grotta Miniera di Kan-i-Gut in Kyrgyzstan. Mine Caves/Grotte di Miniera. Memorie Instituto Italiano di Speleologia, 79-95.
Actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: Zuoheng Zhang, Wei Hong, Zongsheng Jiang, Shigang Duan, Zhihua Wang, Fengming Li, Fupin Shi, Jun Zhao, and Renqiao Zheng (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 941-964; Wei Hong, Zuoheng Zhang, Huaqin Li, Fengming Li, and Xingzhong Liu (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 1067-1074
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Pautov, L. A., Karpenko, V. Y., & Agakhanov, A. A. (2013) Baratovite-katayamalite Minerals from the Hodzha-achkan Alcaline Massif (Kirgizia). New Data on Minerals. 48:12-36
Agrellite
Formula: NaCa2Si4O10F
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Y. (2008) Nalivkinite, Li2NaFe2+7Ti2(Si8O24)O2(OH)4F, a new mineral of the astrophyllite group from the Darai-Pioz Massif, Tadjikistan. New data on minerals: 43: 5-12.
Aguilarite
Formula: Ag4SeS
Reference: Rustam Koneev, Evgeniy Ignatikov, Arpay Turesebekov, Umid Aripov, Rustam Khalmatov, Obidjon Kodirov, Miraziz Usmanov (2005) Gold ore deposits of Uzbekistan: Geochemistry and nanomineralogy of tellurium and selenium. IGCP Project 486, 2005 Field Workshop, Kiten, Bulgaria, 14-19 September 2005
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Filippov, A. G., & TSIBANOV, V. (2013). Kan-i-Gut Cave Mine in Kyrgyzstan/La Grotta Miniera di Kan-i-Gut in Kyrgyzstan. Mine Caves/Grotte di Miniera. Memorie Instituto Italiano di Speleologia, 79-95.
Akopovaite (TL)
Formula: Al4Li2(OH)12(CO3)(H2O)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Karpenko, V.Y., Zhitova, E.S., Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Siidra, O.I., Krzhizhanovskaya, M.G., Rassulov, V.A. Bocharov, V.N. (2020) Akopovaite, Li2Al4(OH)12(CO3)(H2O)3, a new Li member of the hydrotalcite supergroup from Turkestan Range, Kyrgyzstan. Mineralogical Magazine: 84(2): 301-311.
Aktashite
Formula: Cu6Hg3As4S12
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Spiridonov, E. M., KRAPIVA, L., Stepanov, V. I., & Chvileva, T. N. (1981). Antimonous Aktashite from the Chauvai Mercury Deposit (Central Asia). Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 261(3), 744-748.
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: L.A. Pautov data
Alacránite
Formula: As8S9
Reference: Bindi, L., Pratesi, G., Muniz-Miranda, M., Zoppi, M., Chelazzi, L., Lepore, G. O., & Menchetti, S. (2015). From ancient pigments to modern optoelectronic applications of arsenic sulfides: bonazziite, the natural analogue of β-As4S4 from Khaidarkan deposit, Kyrgyzstan. Mineralogical Magazine, 79(1), 121-131.
Alamosite
Formula: PbSiO3
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016) Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 113-122.
'Alaskaite'
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 58 localities in this region.
Reference: Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Yitian Wang, Caisheng Zhao, Yan Zhang, and Yaling Liu (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(4), 361-379
Albite var. Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
Albite var. Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Wuhan Huaze Science & Technology Development Co. Ltd., 2007
Albite var. Oligoclase-Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Soloviev, S. G., Kryazhev, S. G., & Dvurechenskaya, S. S. (2019). Genesis of the Maikhura tungsten-tin skarn deposit, Tajik Tien Shan: Insights from petrology, mineralogy, and fluid inclusion study. Ore Geology Reviews, 104, 561-588.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Zhu, Y., Zhou, J., & Gu, L. (2005). Geochemistry of the Tianger shear zone-hosted gold deposit (west Tianshan, northwest China). In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1131-1134). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Aleksandrovite (TL)
Formula: KCa7Sn2Li3Si12O36F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Karpenko, V.Yu. & Gafurov, F.G. (2010) Aleksandrovite KLi3Ca7Sn2[Si6O18]2F2 — a new tin mineral. Novye dannye o mineralakh, 45, 5–16 (in Russian). New data on minerals, 45, 5–16 (in English).
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: I. Pekov data pers. comm L. Horvath 2008
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Yongfeng Zhu, Jing Zhou, and Yishan Zeng (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 337-365.; Zhu, Y., Zhou, J., & Gu, L. (2005). Geochemistry of the Tianger shear zone-hosted gold deposit (west Tianshan, northwest China). In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1131-1134). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Allargentum
Formula: (Ag1-xSbx)
Reference: Moralev, G.V., and Shatagin, K.N. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 405-413.
Alleghanyite
Formula: Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Pautov L.A., Khvorov P.V., Ignatenko K.I. Alleganyte from rhodonite rocks of Inylchek range (the first description of alleganyte from USSR), - Novye dannye o mineralah SSSR (New data on minerals of USSR), Moscow, Nauka, 1989, p. 162-166.
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Jianrong Shi, Hong Yang, Fulai Liu, En Meng, Pinghua Liu, Fang Wang, and Jia Cai (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(6), 2251-2264; Jianrong Shi, Fulai Liu, Pinghua Liu, En Meng, Chaohui Liu, Hong Yang, Fang Wang, and Jia Cai (2014): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 33(1), 29-50
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: http://homepage.usask.ca/~smi454/project/articles/gold2000_ext_abs.htm; Mao, J., Konopelko, D., Seltmann, R., Lehmann, B., Chen, W., Wang, Y., ... & Usubaliev, T. (2004). Postcollisional age of the Kumtor gold deposit and timing of Hercynian events in the Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 99(8), 1771-1780.
'Alum Group'
Formula: XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Filippov, A. G., & TSIBANOV, V. (2013). Kan-i-Gut Cave Mine in Kyrgyzstan/La Grotta Miniera di Kan-i-Gut in Kyrgyzstan. Mine Caves/Grotte di Miniera. Memorie Instituto Italiano di Speleologia, 79-95.
Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1511-1519.; Atali A. Agakhanov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp23-28
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Belakovski D.I.. Die Mineralien der brennenden Kohlefloze von Ravat in Tadshikistan, Lapis, 1990, N 12 p.21-26. (in German); Nasdala, L., & Pekov, I. V. (1993). Ravatite, C14HIO, a new organic mineral species from Ravat, Tadzhikistan. Eur. J. Mineral, 5, 699-705.
'Ambatoarinite'
Formula: Sr5(Ce,La,Dy)10(CO3)17O3 ?
Reference: Djenchuraeva, R. D., Borisov, F. I., Pak, N. T., & Malyukova, N. N. (2008). Metallogeny and geodynamics of the Aktiuz–Boordu mining district, northern Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 32(2-4), 280-299.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Fuquan Yang, Huijuan Deng, Haodong Xia, Boyong Ma, and Liben Wang (2003): Xinjiang Geology 21(4), 426-432
'Amphibole Supergroup var. Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Zuoheng Zhang, Zhiliang Wang, Yanbin Wang, Guochao Zuo, Longcheng Wang, and Linsu Lü (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(4), 353-360
'Amphibole Supergroup var. Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Zuoheng Zhang, Wei Hong, Zongsheng Jiang, Shigang Duan, Zhihua Wang, Fengming Li, Fupin Shi, Jun Zhao, and Renqiao Zheng (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 941-964
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Chuanmin Sun, Zhengwei He, Zhuan Tao, Hua Wu, Xianfan Liu, Shan Wu, Yimin Ding, Xingde Liu, Fanghong Peng, and Xiaodi Wang (2002): Journal of Chengdu University of Technology 29(1), 74-77; Zhuan Tao, Zhengwei He, Chuanmin Sun, Hua Wu, Xianfan Liu, Shan Wu, Xingde Liu, Fanghong Peng, Xiaodi Wang, and Yimin Ding (2002): Journal of Chengdu University of Technology 29(1), 85-89
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Soloviev, S. G., Kryazhev, S. G., & Dvurechenskaya, S. S. (2019). Genesis of the Maikhura tungsten-tin skarn deposit, Tajik Tien Shan: Insights from petrology, mineralogy, and fluid inclusion study. Ore Geology Reviews, 104, 561-588.
'Andesine-oligoclase'
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Wei Hong, Zuoheng Zhang, Huaqin Li, Fengming Li, and Xingzhong Liu (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 1067-1074
Andradite var. Demantoid
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var. Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Reference: Zuoheng Zhang, Wei Hong, Zongsheng Jiang, Shigang Duan, Zhihua Wang, Fengming Li, Fupin Shi, Jun Zhao, and Renqiao Zheng (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 941-964
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Filippov, A. G., & TSIBANOV, V. (2013). Kan-i-Gut Cave Mine in Kyrgyzstan/La Grotta Miniera di Kan-i-Gut in Kyrgyzstan. Mine Caves/Grotte di Miniera. Memorie Instituto Italiano di Speleologia, 79-95.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Zuoheng Zhang, Wei Hong, Zongsheng Jiang, Shigang Duan, Zhihua Wang, Fengming Li, Fupin Shi, Jun Zhao, and Renqiao Zheng (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 941-964
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Reference: Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Yitian Wang, Caisheng Zhao, Yan Zhang, and Yaling Liu (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(4), 361-379
Ankerite var. Manganese-bearing Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mn,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Filippov, A. G., & TSIBANOV, V. (2013). Kan-i-Gut Cave Mine in Kyrgyzstan/La Grotta Miniera di Kan-i-Gut in Kyrgyzstan. Mine Caves/Grotte di Miniera. Memorie Instituto Italiano di Speleologia, 79-95.
Ankinovichite (TL)
Formula: (Ni,Zn)Al4(V5+O3)2(OH)12 · 2.5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society, 133(2), 2004, pp 59–70.; Karpenko, V. Y., Pautov, L. A., Agakhanov, A. A., & Bekenova, G. K. (2011). Mannardite from vanadium-bearing schists of Kazakhstan and Central Asia. New Data on Minerals, 46, 25-33.
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pautov, L. A., Karpenko, V. Y., & Agakhanov, A. A. (2013) Baratovite-katayamalite Minerals from the Hodzha-achkan Alcaline Massif (Kirgizia). New Data on Minerals. 48:12-36
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
Anorthite var. Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
Anorthite var. Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Arapovite (TL)
Formula: (K1-xx)(Ca,Na)2U4+Si8O20 (x ~ 0.5)
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Y., Dusmatov, V.D., Semenov, E.I. (2004) Arapovite, (U,Th)(Ca,Na)2(K1-x□ x)Si8O20·H2O – new mineral. New Data on Minerals: 39: 14-20.; Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A. (2004) The crystal structure of arapovite, U4+ (Ca,Na)2 (K1–x□x) [Si8 O20], x ≈ 0.5, a new mineral species of the steacyite group from the Dara-i-Pioz moraine, Tien-Shan Mountains, Tajikistan. The Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 1005-1011.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Jingwu Yin, Xingkun Shao, Haitao Yang, Tingxian Piao, Haiming Xu, and Jun Wang (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(2), 337-352
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy.; Amer.Min.(1963) 48, 210-211
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Arsenuranospathite
Formula: Al(UO2)2(AsO4)2F · 20H2O
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Description: Locality erroneously given as Kara-Chagyra, Uzbekistan.
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 26
'Ashanite'
Formula: (Nb,Ta,U,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: Rubo Zhang and Fengming Han (1983): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 3(4), 313-317
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Bingbin Yang (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(2), 54-58
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Reference: Bo Zheng, Jinguo Zhang, Gang Chen, and Yongfeng Zhu (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(6), 1117-1138
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Pautov, L.A. (2003) Pabstite from the Dara-i-Poiz Moraine (Tadjikistan). New Data on Minerals. Moscow: 38: 15-19.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Vrublevskii, V. V., Morova, A. A., Bukharova, O. V., & Konovalenko, S. I. (2017). Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Triassic Carbonatites in the Matcha Alkaline Intrusive Complex (Turkestan-Alai Ridge, Kyrgyz Southern Tien Shan), SW Central Asian Orogenic Belt. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences.; Vrublevskii, V. V. (2017, December). Origin of carbonatites of the Matcha alkaline pluton from Turkestan-Alai ridge, Kyrgyz Southern Tien Shan. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 110, No. 1, p. 012023). IOP Publishing.; Vrublevskii, V. V., Morova, A. A., Bukharova, O. V., & Konovalenko, S. I. (2018). Mineralogy and geochemistry of triassic carbonatites in the Matcha alkaline intrusive complex (Turkestan-Alai Ridge, Kyrgyz Southern Tien Shan), SW Central Asian orogenic belt. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 153, 252-281.
Bafertisite
Formula: Ba2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Reference: Leonid A. Pautov data
Baotite
Formula: Ba4(Ti,Nb,W)8O16(SiO3)4Cl
Reference: Leonid A. Pautov data
Baratovite (TL)
Formula: KCa7(Ti,Zr)2Li3Si12O36F2
Description: Plates in quartz-albite-aegirin vein syenite.
Reference: Dusmatov, V.D., Semenov, E.I., Khomayakov, A.P., Bykova, A.V., Dzharfarov, N.K. (1975) Baratovite, a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 104(5): 580-582.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2005): Senkevichite, CsKNaCa2TiO[Si7O18(OH)], a new mineral. New Data on Minerals: 40: 11-16.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Karpenko, V.Yu., Bekenova, G.K., Uvarova, Y.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group New Mineral Data: 46: 13-19.
Barberiite
Formula: (NH4)[BF4]
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Barroisite
Formula: ◻{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Lifei Zhang, Jun Gao, Ekebair, S., and Zongxiu Wang (2001): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 44(1), 85-96; Jianrong Shi, Hong Yang, Fulai Liu, En Meng, Pinghua Liu, Fang Wang, and Jia Cai (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(6), 2251-2264; Jianrong Shi, Fulai Liu, Pinghua Liu, En Meng, Chaohui Liu, Hong Yang, Fang Wang, and Jia Cai (2014): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 33(1), 29-50
Barylite
Formula: Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Reference: Leonid A. Pautov data
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Bastnäsite'
Formula: (Ce/Nd/Y/REE)(CO3)F
Reference: Djenchuraeva, R. D., Borisov, F. I., Pak, N. T., & Malyukova, N. N. (2008). Metallogeny and geodynamics of the Aktiuz–Boordu mining district, northern Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 32(2-4), 280-299.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: no reference
Bastnäsite-(Y)
Formula: Y(CO3)F
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
Baumhauerite
Formula: Pb12As16S36
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: in Coll. M. Slama
Bazirite
Formula: BaZr(Si3O9)
Reference: Pautov, L. A., Karpenko, V. Y., & Agakhanov, A. A. (2013) Baratovite-katayamalite Minerals from the Hodzha-achkan Alcaline Massif (Kirgizia). New Data on Minerals. 48:12-36
Bearsite (TL)
Formula: Be2(AsO4)(OH) · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1963) 48, 210-211
Benjaminite
Formula: Ag3Bi7S12
Reference: Lur'ye, L. M., Shadlun, T. N., Ugaste, Y. A., & Vyal'sov, L. N. (1971). Lead, silver, and copper sulfobismuthite from the benjaminite-pavonite group in Kaptarkhan ore deposit, East Karamazar, Central Asia. International Geology Review, 13(11), 1628-1642.
Berezanskite (TL)
Formula: KTi2Li3Si12O30
Type Locality:
Description: In a pegmatitic block on moraine of Dara-i-Pioz glacier.
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A. (1997) Berezanskite KLi3Ti2Si12O30 – a new mineral. Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 126(4): 75-80.; Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C. (2004) Maleevite, BaB2Si2O8, and pekovite, SrB2Si2O8, new mineral species from the Dara-i-Pioz alkaline massif, Northern Tajikistan: description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 107-119.; Karpenko, V., Pautov, L. (2002) Formation of baotite in alcaline rocks of a moraine of Dara-i-Pioz glacier, Tadjikistan. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Monatshefte: 2002(10): 459-467.
Berryite
Formula: Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Minghua Zheng, Jiajun Liu, Shouting Zhang, and Xunrong Long (2002): Geology and Resources 11(3), 140-146; Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Cook, N.J., Xunrong Long, Jun Deng, and Yusheng Zhai (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 125-156
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: N. MALYUKOVA , (2014). Zoning of Polymetallic Rare-earth and Rare-metal Deposits in the Ak-Tyuz Ore Field (Northern Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan). Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition), 88(supp. 2): 451-453.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: http://www.chinamining.org/Facts/2006-10-10/1160464384d1491.html
Beryl var. Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: Xizhong Miao (1997): Journal of Xinjiang University 14(4), 87-90
Berzelianite
Formula: Cu2Se
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Betpakdalite-CaCa
Formula: [Ca2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O36(OH)]
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Beusite
Formula: Mn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2
Reference: Jastrzębski, W., Sitarz, M., Rokita, M., & Bułat, K. (2011). Infrared spectroscopy of different phosphates structures. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 79(4), 722-727.; Handbook of Mineralogy
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Reference: Novgorodova, M.I., Generalov, M.Ye., Gorshkov, A.I., Sivtsov, A.V., Uspenskiy, Ye.I (1991) Association of native gold with bismuthyl carbonates and tellurates. Izvestiya Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Geol.: 4: 102-108 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S. (1993): New mineral Names. :merican Mineralogist: 78: 234
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Mozgova N.I., Borodaev Yu.S., Senderova V.M. (1967) DAN SSSR, v. 173, p.1418.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Reference: Xizhong Miao (1997): Journal of Xinjiang University 14(4), 87-90
Birunite
Formula: Ca18(SiO3)8.5(CO3)8.5SO4 · 15H2O(?)
Reference: Badalov, S.T. & Golovanov, I.M. (1957): Birunite - a new mineral of the thaumasite group. Doklady Akademii Nauk Uzbekistan SSR, 12, 17-21 (in Russian).
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Novgorodova, M.I., Generalov, M.Ye., Gorshkov, A.I., Sivtsov, A.V., Uspenskiy, Ye.I (1991) Association of native gold with bismuthyl carbonates and tellurates. Izvestiya Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Geol.: 4: 102-108 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S. (1993): New mineral Names. :merican Mineralogist: 78: 234
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Reference: Lur'ye, L. M., Shadlun, T. N., Ugaste, Y. A., & Vyal'sov, L. N. (1971). Lead, silver, and copper sulfobismuthite from the benjaminite-pavonite group in Kaptarkhan ore deposit, East Karamazar, Central Asia. International Geology Review, 13(11), 1628-1642.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Fuquan Yang, Huijuan Deng, Haodong Xia, Boyong Ma, and Liben Wang (2003): Xinjiang Geology 21(4), 426-432
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Lur'ye, L. M., Shadlun, T. N., Ugaste, Y. A., & Vyal'sov, L. N. (1971). Lead, silver, and copper sulfobismuthite from the benjaminite-pavonite group in Kaptarkhan ore deposit, East Karamazar, Central Asia. International Geology Review, 13(11), 1628-1642.
Bohdanowiczite
Formula: AgBiSe2
Reference: Rustam Koneev, Evgeniy Ignatikov, Arpay Turesebekov, Umid Aripov, Rustam Khalmatov, Obidjon Kodirov, Miraziz Usmanov (2005) Gold ore deposits of Uzbekistan: Geochemistry and nanomineralogy of tellurium and selenium. IGCP Project 486, 2005 Field Workshop, Kiten, Bulgaria, 14-19 September 2005
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Atali A. Agakhanov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp23-28
Bonazziite (TL)
Formula: As4S4
Type Locality:
Reference: Bindi, L., Pratesi, G., Muniz- Miranda, M., Zoppi, M., Chelazzi, L., Lepore, G.O. and Menchetti, S. (2014) Bonazziite, IMA 2013-141. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 554; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558.
'Bonazziite-Alacranite Series'
Reference: Bindi, L., Pratesi, G., Muniz-Miranda, M., Zoppi, M., Chelazzi, L., Lepore, G. O., & Menchetti, S. (2015). From ancient pigments to modern optoelectronic applications of arsenic sulfides: bonazziite, the natural analogue of β-As4S4 from Khaidarkan deposit, Kyrgyzstan. Mineralogical Magazine, 79(1), 121-131.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Am Min 90:1163-1166
Boussingaultite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: D.I.Belakovskiy data
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Brannockite
Formula: KSn2(Li3Si12)O30
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y.A., Karpenko, V.Y. (2016) Two Astrophyllite-Supergroup Minerals: Bulgakite, A New Mineral From the Darai-Pioz Alkaline Massif, Tajikistan and Revision of the Crystal Structure and Chemical Formula of Nalivkinite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 54: 33-48.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40; Zhian Qin (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(4), 69-75; Zuoheng Zhang, Wei Hong, Zongsheng Jiang, Shigang Duan, Zhihua Wang, Fengming Li, Fupin Shi, Jun Zhao, and Renqiao Zheng (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 941-964
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: I. Pekov data pers. comm L. Horvath 2008
Bulgakite (TL)
Formula: Li2(Ca,Na)Fe2+7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4(F,O)(H2O)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y.A., Karpenko, V.Y. (2016): Two Astrophyllite-Supergroup Minerals: Bulgakite, A New Mineral From the Darai-Pioz Alkaline Massif, Tajikistan and Revision of the Crystal Structure and Chemical Formula of Nalivkinite. Canadian Mineralogist: 54: 33-48.
Byzantievite (TL)
Formula: Ba5(Ca,REE,Y)22(Ti,Nb)18(SiO4)4[(PO4, SiO4)]4(BO3)9O22[(OH),F]43(H2O)1.5
Reference: Sokolova, E., Pautov, L., Agakhanov, A., Hawthorne, F. (2009) Byzantievite, the first silicate-borate-phosphate mineral. Acta Crystallographica: A65: s47-s48.; Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A. (2010) Byzantievite, Ba5(Ca,REE,Y)22(Ti,Nb)18(SiO4)4[(PO4),(SiO4)]4(BO3)9O21[(OH),F]43(H2O)1.5: the crystal structure and crystal chemistry of the only known mineral with the oxyanions (BO3), (SiO4) and (PO4). Mineralogical Magazine: 74: 285-308.; Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2011) Byzantievite, Ba5(Ca,REE,Y)22(Ti,Nb)18(SiO4)4[(PO4),(SiO4)]4(BO3)9O21[(OH),F]43(H2O)1.5, a new mineral. New Data on Minerals: 46: 5-12.
Cadwaladerite
Formula: Al5(H2O)3(OH)12 · n(Cl,H2O)
Reference: Museum of Victoria specimen no: M 46880
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: http://homepage.usask.ca/~smi454/project/articles/gold2000_ext_abs.htm; Mao, J., Konopelko, D., Seltmann, R., Lehmann, B., Chen, W., Wang, Y., ... & Usubaliev, T. (2004). Postcollisional age of the Kumtor gold deposit and timing of Hercynian events in the Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 99(8), 1771-1780.
Calcioancylite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
Calciouranoite
Formula: (Ca,Ba,Pb)U2O7 · 5H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Calcioursilite (TL)
Formula: Ca4(UO2)4(Si2O5)5(OH)6 · 15H2O
Reference: ZVMO (1977) 106, 533; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 105 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Calcite var. Iron-bearing Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)CO3
Reference: Zhian Qin (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(4), 69-75
Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
'Calcybeborosilite-(Y)' (FRL)
Formula: (Y,Ca)2(◻,Fe2+)(B,Be)2[SiO4]2(OH,O)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Voloshin, A.V., Pushcharovskii, D.Y., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskii, D.I. (2000) New data on calcybeborosilite-(Y) (REE,Ca)2(B,Be)2[SiO4]2(OH,O)2. Moscow University Geology Bulletin: 55: 62-70.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow.; Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2011) Byzantievite, Ba5(Ca,REE,Y)22(Ti,Nb)18(SiO4)4[(PO4),(SiO4)]4(BO3)9O21[(OH),F]43(H2O)1.5, a new mineral. New Data on Minerals: 46: 5-12.
Calomel
Formula: [Hg2]2+Cl2
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,◻)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Canfieldite
Formula: Ag8SnS6
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Cappelenite-(Y)
Formula: Ba(Y,Ce)6Si3B6O24F2
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C. (2004) Maleevite, BaB2Si2O8 and pekovite, SrB2Si2O8, new mineral species from the Dara-i-Pioz alkaline massif, Northern Tajikistan: description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist: 42(1): 107-119.
Carbokentbrooksite (TL)
Formula: (Na3Na3Na3Na3Na3)Ca6(VMn2+3)Zr3[Si3O9]2[Si9O27SiO][Si9O27Nb(OH)3](CO3)(H2O)
Type Locality:
Reference: Khomyakov, A.P., Dusmatov, V.D., Ferraris, G., Gula, A., Ivaldi, G., Nechelyustov, G.N. (2003) Zirsilite-(Ce), (Na,□)12(Ce,Na)3Ca6Mn3Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(OH)3•4H2O and carbokentbrooksite, (Na,□)12(Na,Ce)3Ca6Mn3Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(OH)3•4H2O, two new eudialyte group minerals from Dara-i-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 132(5): 41-51.
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Karpenko, V.Yu. et al. Zapiski RMO 138(1)83(2009)
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: L.A. Pautov data
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Cavoite
Formula: CaV4+3O7
Description: On-line version of Handbook page (http://rruff.info/doclib/hom/cavoite.pdf) is in fact that of cerianite-(Ce).
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Am Min 90:1163-1166
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Filippov, A. G., & TSIBANOV, V. (2013). Kan-i-Gut Cave Mine in Kyrgyzstan/La Grotta Miniera di Kan-i-Gut in Kyrgyzstan. Mine Caves/Grotte di Miniera. Memorie Instituto Italiano di Speleologia, 79-95.
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
Reference: Rustam Koneev, Evgeniy Ignatikov, Arpay Turesebekov, Umid Aripov, Rustam Khalmatov, Obidjon Kodirov, Miraziz Usmanov (2005) Gold ore deposits of Uzbekistan: Geochemistry and nanomineralogy of tellurium and selenium. IGCP Project 486, 2005 Field Workshop, Kiten, Bulgaria, 14-19 September 2005
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Bingbin Yang (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(2), 54-58
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: Wuhan Huaze Science & Technology Development Co. Ltd., May 2007
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 99 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Reference: Bo Zheng, Jinguo Zhang, Gang Chen, and Yongfeng Zhu (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(6), 1117-1138
Chapmanite
Formula: Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Chatkalite (TL)
Formula: Cu6FeSn2S8
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineral.Zhurnal,(1981) 3, n5, 79-86; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
Chernikovite (TL)
Formula: (H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Chernovite-(Y)
Formula: Y(AsO4)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Jingwu Yin, Guowu Li, Guangming Yang, Xiangkun Ge, Haiming Xu and Jun Wang (2015) Fluornatropyrochlore, a new pyrochlore supergroup mineral from the Boziguoer rare earth element deposit, Baicheng County, Akesu, Xinjiang, China. Canadian Mineralogist. 53,455-460
'Chevkinite Group'
Reference: N. MALYUKOVA , (2014) Zoning of Polymetallic Rare-earth and Rare-metal Deposits in the Ak-Tyuz Ore Field (Northern Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan). Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition), 88(supp. 2): 451-453.
Chistyakovaite (TL)
Formula: Al(UO2)2(AsO4)2(F,OH) · 6.5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Chukanov, N. V., Sidorenko, G. A., Naumova, I. S., Zadov, A. E., Kuz’min, V. I. (2006): Chistyakovaite, a new mineral Al(UO2)2(AsO4)2(F,OH)·6.5H2O. Transactions (Doklady) of the Russian Academy of Sciences/Earth Science Section 407, 290-293
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Yong Luo, Siping Liao, Wubin Yang, Qiang Shan, and Changping Zhou (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(3), 547-556
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
Reference: Zuoheng Zhang, Wei Hong, Zongsheng Jiang, Shigang Duan, Zhihua Wang, Fengming Li, Fupin Shi, Jun Zhao, and Renqiao Zheng (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 941-964; Wei Hong, Zuoheng Zhang, Huaqin Li, Fengming Li, and Xingzhong Liu (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 1067-1074
Chromium
Formula: Cr
Reference: Yusupov, R.G., Dzhenchuraev, D.D., Radzhabov, F.F. (1982): Accessory native chromium and a natural compound of the series Fe-Cr-Si in rocks of the Gavasai ore field. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Kirgiz SSR (1982): 5: 25-26 (in Russian); in: Dunn, P.J., Grice, J.D., Fleischer, M., Pabst, A.(1984): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 214 (abstract)
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Chursinite (TL)
Formula: [Hg2]2+Hg2+2[AsO4]2
Reference: [ZVMO,(1984) 113, 341-347; Lapis 11:11-24]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Terra Nostra 2001/2: 3
Clinoferrosilite
Formula: Fe2+SiO3
Reference: Sharygin, V.V., Sokol, E.V. and Belakovskii, D.I. (2009): Fayalite-sekaninaite paralava from the Ravat coal fire (central Tajikistan). Russian Geology and Geophysics 50, 703-721.
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Lifei Zhang, Jun Gao, Ekebair, S., and Zongxiu Wang (2001): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 44(1), 85-96.
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Reference: IAEA Technical Document 1396 (2004), pp. 59-68.
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Reference: Yusupov, R.G., Dzhenchuraev, D.D., Radzhabov, F.F. (1982): Accessory native chromium and a natural compound of the series Fe-Cr-Si in rocks of the Gavasai ore field. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Kirgiz SSR (1982): 5: 25-26 (in Russian); in: Dunn, P.J., Grice, J.D., Fleischer, M., Pabst, A.(1984): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 214 (abstract)
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.
'Columbite var. Titanocolumbite'
Reference: Djenchuraeva, R. D., Borisov, F. I., Pak, N. T., & Malyukova, N. N. (2008). Metallogeny and geodynamics of the Aktiuz–Boordu mining district, northern Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 32(2-4), 280-299.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Jingwu Yin, Guowu Li, Guangming Yang, Xiangkun Ge, Haiming Xu and Jun Wang (2015) Fluornatropyrochlore, a new pyrochlore supergroup mineral from the Boziguoer rare earth element deposit, Baicheng County, Akesu, Xinjiang, China. Canadian Mineralogist. 53,455-460
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities:
Reference: http://www.chinamining.org/Facts/2006-10-10/1160464384d1491.html
'Columbite-(Fe)-Tantalite-(Fe) Series'
Reference: Xizhong Miao (1997): Journal of Xinjiang University 14(4), 87-90
'Columbite Group'
Reference: Karpenko V.Yu., Zhitova E.S., Pautov L.A., Agakhanov A.A., Siidra O.I., Krzhizhanovskaya M.G., Rassulov V.A., Bocharov V.N. Akopovaite, Li2Al4(OH)12(CO3)(H2O)3, a new Li member of the hydrotalcite supergroup from Turkestan Range, Kyrgyzstan, // Mineralogical Magazine, 2020), v. 84, p. 301–311.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: I. Pekov data pers. comm L. Horvath 2008
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Corderoite
Formula: Hg2+3S2Cl2
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Nasdala, L., & Pekov, I. V. (1993). Ravatite, C14HIO, a new organic mineral species from Ravat, Tadzhikistan. Eur. J. Mineral, 5, 699-705.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Kotlyarov, V.A., Fadina, I.B. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 583-589.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Corundum var. Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Corundum var. Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 63
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Karpenko, V.Yu. et al. Zapiski RMO 138(1)83(2009)
Crocoite
Formula: PbCr6+O4
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
'Crossite'
Reference: Lifei Zhang, Jun Gao, Ekebair, S., and Zongxiu Wang (2001): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 44(1), 85-96.
Cryptohalite
Formula: (NH4)2[SiF6]
Habit: cryptocrystalline (somewhat botryoidal) masses with sulfur
Colour: light yellow (masses)
Description: Occurs as encrustations on rocks
Reference: PXRD
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Cupropavonite
Formula: Cu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Cuproroméite
Formula: Cu2Sb2(O,OH)7
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
'Cu-Zn alloy'
Formula: CuxZny
Description: wt% are Cu: 81.35 ~ 85.36 (on average 83.75), Zn: 6.08 ~ 10.10 (on average 7.39), Sn: 4.13 ~ 6.75 (on average 5.23) and Ni: 0.88 ~ 1.38 (on average 1.05), with minor S: b.d. ~ 5.05.
Reference: Liu, J. J., Yang, L. B., Dai, H. Z., Yuan, F., & Zhu, B. Y. (2014). Discovery and significance of Cu–Zn intermetallic compounds in the Jingxi gold deposit, western Tianshan Mountains, NW China. Geological Journal, 49(6), 584-598.
Dadsonite
Formula: Pb23Sb25S60Cl
Reference: Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
Darapiosite (TL)
Formula: KNa2Mn2(Li2ZnSi12)O30
Type Locality:
Reference: Semenov, E.I., Dusmatov, V.D., Khomyakov, A.P., Voronkov, A.A., Kazakova, M.E. (1975) Darapiosite, a new mineral of the milarite group. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 104(5): 583-585.; Ferraris, G., Prencipe, M., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E.V. (1999) The crystal structure of darapiosite and a comparison with Li and Zn-bearing minerals of the milarite group. The Canadian Mineralogist: 37: 769-774.
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Dewindtite
Formula: H2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Zongsheng Jiang, Zuoheng Zhang, Zhihua Wang, Fengming Li, and Jingquan Tian (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 1051-106
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: Zuoheng Zhang, Wei Hong, Zongsheng Jiang, Shigang Duan, Zhihua Wang, Fengming Li, Fupin Shi, Jun Zhao, and Renqiao Zheng (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 941-964; Wei Hong, Zuoheng Zhang, Huaqin Li, Fengming Li, and Xingzhong Liu (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 1067-1074
Diopside var. Salite
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Dolomite var. Iron-bearing Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: Hong Wang, Qing-Zhong Bao, De-Ming Sha, and Xiu-Jun Hu (2002): Geology and Resources [Dizhi Yu Ziyuan] 11(1), 23-28.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: I. Pekov data pers. comm L. Horvath 2008
Dumontite
Formula: Pb2(UO2)3O2(PO4)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Dushan Jade'
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Dusmatovite (TL)
Formula: KK2Mn2(Zn2LiSi12)O30
Type Locality:
Reference: Sokolova, E.V., Pautov, L.A. (1995) Crystal structure of dusmatovite. Soviet Physics - Doklady: 40: 503-506.; Sokolova, E.V., Pautov, L.A. (1995) The crystal structure of dusmatovite. Doklady Akademii Nauk: 344: 607-610.; Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Sokolova, E.V., Ignatenko, K.I. (1996) Dusmatovite, a new mineral of the milarite group. Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, Geologiya: 4: 54-60.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow.
Dutkevichite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: NaZnBa2Ce2Ti2Si8O26F · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Zubkova, N.V., Zolotarev, A.A., Kasatkin, A.V., Karpenko, V.Y., Pekov, I.V., Agakhanova, V.A., Muftakhov, V.A., Škoda, R., Britvin, S.N. (2020): Dutkevichite-(Ce), IMA 2019-102; in: CNMNC Newsletter 54. Eur. J. Mineral.: 32, https://doi.org/10.5194/ejm-32-275-2020; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=16176
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Moralev, G.V., and Shatagin, K.N. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 405-413.
Dzhalindite
Formula: In(OH)3
Reference: Novgorodova M.I. (1994) Crystallochemistry of native metals and natural intermetallic compounds, - Itogi Nauki i Techniki, Crystalochimiya, v.29, p.154 (in Rus.)
Efremovite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg2(SO4)3
Reference: Lapis 17(2), 39 (1992)
Eglestonite
Formula: [Hg2]2+3OCl3(OH)
Reference: [Lapis 1993(11), 11-24]
Eitelite
Formula: Na2Mg(CO3)2
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
Ekanite
Formula: Ca2ThSi8O20
Reference: Pautov, L. A., Karpenko, V. Y., & Agakhanov, A. A. (2013) Baratovite-katayamalite Minerals from the Hodzha-achkan Alcaline Massif (Kirgizia). New Data on Minerals. 48:12-36
'Elbaite-Liddicoatite Series'
Reference: specimens in the Fernando Giovine collection; analysed in the University of Messina, Italy
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
Empressite
Formula: AgTe
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Dmitriy I. Belakovskiy (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 101-112.; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.; Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Epididymite
Formula: Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Reference: Pautov, L.A. (2003) Pabstite from the Dara-i-Poiz Moraine (Tadjikistan). New Data on Minerals. Moscow: 38: 15-19.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Reference: Zuoheng Zhang, Wei Hong, Zongsheng Jiang, Shigang Duan, Zhihua Wang, Fengming Li, Fupin Shi, Jun Zhao, and Renqiao Zheng (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 941-964; Wei Hong, Zuoheng Zhang, Huaqin Li, Fengming Li, and Xingzhong Liu (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 1067-1074
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: World of Stones no.2, 1993.; Vladimir A. Maltsev (1993) Minerals of the Cupp-Coutunn Karst Cave System, Southeast Turkmenistan. World of Stone 2:5-30
Eskimoite
Formula: Ag7Pb10Bi15S36
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: in Coll. M. Slama
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6Fe3Zr3Si(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(Cl,OH)2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Karpenko, V.Yu., Bekenova, G.K., Uvarova, Yu.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group. New Data on Minerals: 46: 13-19.; Grew, E.S., Yates, M.G., Belakovskiy, D.I., Rouse, R.C., Su, S.C., Marquez, N. (1994) Hyalotekite from reedmergnerite-bearing peralkaline pegmatite, Dara-i-Pioz, Tajikistan and from Mn skarn, Langban, Varmland, Sweden: a new look at an old mineral. Mineralogical Magazine: 58(391): 285-298.
Eulytine
Formula: Bi4(SiO4)3
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazakhstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Faizievite (TL)
Formula: K2Na(Ca6Na)Ti4Li6[Si6O18]2[Si12O30]F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Y., Gafurov, F.G. (2007) Faizievite, K2Na(Ca6Na)Ti4Li6Si24O66F2 - a new mineral species. New Data on Minerals. Moscow: 42: 5-10.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Karpenko, V.Yu., Bekenova, G.K., Uvarova, Y.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group New Mineral Data: 46: 13-19.
Falgarite (TL)
Formula: K4(VO)3(SO4)5
Type Locality:
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Mirakov, M.A., Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, Е.V., Faiziev, A.R. and Karpenko, V.Y. (2018) Falgarite, IMA 2018-069. CNMNC Newsletter No. 45, October 2018, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82, xxx-xxx; Pautov, L. A., Mirakov, M. A., Siidra, O. I., Faiziev, A. R., Nazarchuk, Е. V., Karpenko, V. Y., & Makhmadsharif, S. (2020) Falgarite, K 4 (VO) 3 (SO 4) 5, a new mineral from sublimates of a natural underground coal fire at the tract of Kukhi-Malik, Fan-Yagnob coal deposit, Tajikistan. Mineralogical Magazine 84:455-462
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Wuhan Huaze Science & Technology Development Co. Ltd., 2007
'Feldspar Group var. Perthite'
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: http://homepage.usask.ca/~smi454/project/articles/gold2000_ext_abs.htm; Mao, J., Konopelko, D., Seltmann, R., Lehmann, B., Chen, W., Wang, Y., ... & Usubaliev, T. (2004). Postcollisional age of the Kumtor gold deposit and timing of Hercynian events in the Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 99(8), 1771-1780.
'Ferganite'
Formula: LiH[(UO2)4[VO4]2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1048.
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Jingwu Yin, Guowu Li, Guangming Yang, Xiangkun Ge, Haiming Xu and Jun Wang (2015) Fluornatropyrochlore, a new pyrochlore supergroup mineral from the Boziguoer rare earth element deposit, Baicheng County, Akesu, Xinjiang, China. Canadian Mineralogist. 53,455-460
Fergusonite-(Y)-β (TL)
Formula: YNbO4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Reference: Zhian Qin (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(4), 69-75
Ferri-leakeite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Description: Listed reference does not mention ferri-leakeite or any other amphibole
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2011) Byzantievite, Ba5(Ca,REE,Y)22(Ti,Nb)18(SiO4)4[(PO4),(SiO4)]4(BO3)9O21[(OH),F]43(H2O)1.5, a new mineral. New Data on Minerals: 46: 5-12.
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ◻Ca2(Fe2+4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Minghua Zheng, Jiajun Liu, Shouting Zhang, and Xunrong Long (2002): Geology and Resources 11(3), 140-146; Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Cook, N.J., Xunrong Long, Jun Deng, and Yusheng Zhai (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 125-156
Fluellite
Formula: Al2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
Reference: Karpenko, V.Yu. et al. Zapiski RMO 138(1)83(2009)
Fluocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Reference: Jingwu Yin, Guowu Li, Guangming Yang, Xiangkun Ge, Haiming Xu and Jun Wang (2015) Fluornatropyrochlore, a new pyrochlore supergroup mineral from the Boziguoer rare earth element deposit, Baicheng County, Akesu, Xinjiang, China. Canadian Mineralogist. 53,455-460
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Pautov, L. A., Karpenko, V. Y., & Agakhanov, A. A. (2013) Baratovite-katayamalite Minerals from the Hodzha-achkan Alcaline Massif (Kirgizia). New Data on Minerals. 48:12-36
Fluorapophyllite-(Cs) (TL)
Formula: CsCa4(Si8O20)F(H2O)8
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Kasatkin, A.V., Sokolova, E., Day, M.C., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Y., Muftakhov, V.A., Pekov, I.V., Cámara Artigas, F. and Britvin, S.N. (2019) Fluorapophyllite-(Cs), IMA 2018-108a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 49, June 2019, page xxx. Mineralogical Magazine, 83: 323–328.
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Karpenko, V.Yu., Bekenova, G.K., Uvarova, Y.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group New Mineral Data: 46: 13-19.
'Fluorbritholite'
Reference: Pautov, L. A., Karpenko, V. Y., & Agakhanov, A. A. (2013) Baratovite-katayamalite Minerals from the Hodzha-achkan Alcaline Massif (Kirgizia). New Data on Minerals. 48:12-36
Fluorcalciobritholite
Formula: (Ca,REE)5(SiO4,PO4)3F
Reference: Pautov, L. A., Karpenko, V. Y., & Agakhanov, A. A. (2013) Baratovite-katayamalite Minerals from the Hodzha-achkan Alcaline Massif (Kirgizia). New Data on Minerals. 48:12-36
Fluorcaphite
Formula: SrCaCa3(PO4)3F
Reference: I. Pekov data pers. comm. L. Horváth 2008
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Fluorite var. Strontium-bearing Fluorite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)F2
Reference: Leonid A. Pautov analytical data
Fluorite var. Yttrofluorite
Formula: (Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x
Reference: no reference
Fluornatropyrochlore (TL)
Formula: (Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Type Locality:
Reference: Jingwu Yin, Guowu Li, Guangming Yang, Xiangkun Ge, Haiming Xu and Jun Wang (2015) Fluornatropyrochlore, a new pyrochlore supergroup mineral from the Boziguoer rare earth element deposit, Baicheng County, Akesu, Xinjiang, China. Canadian Mineralogist. 53,455-460
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
Forsterite var. Peridot
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 63
Fraipontite
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Reference: http://fadr.msu.ru/caves/malmin_e.html; Maltsev, V., & Korshunov, V. (1998). Geochemistry of fluorite and related features of the Kugitangtou Ridge Caves, Turkmenistan. Journal of Caves and Karst Studies, 60, 151-155.; Vladimir A. Maltsev (1993) Minerals of the Cupp-Coutunn Karst Cave System, Southeast Turkmenistan. World of Stone 2:5-30
Franckeite
Formula: Fe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn4+2Sb2S14
Reference: Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
'Freibergite Subgroup'
Formula: ([Ag6]4+,((Cu,Ag)4 C2+2)Sb4S12S0-1
Reference: Moralev, G.V., and Shatagin, K.N. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 405-413.
Friedrichite
Formula: Pb5Cu5Bi7S18
Reference: Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Frohbergite
Formula: FeTe2
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.
'Fullerite'
Formula: C60
Reference: [www.webmineral.com]
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 71 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Galkhaite (TL)
Formula: (Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12
Reference: Grudzen, V.S., Stepanov, V.I., Shumkova, N.G., Chernitsova, M.M., Yudin, R.N., Bryzgalov, I.A. (1972) Galkhaite, HgAsS2, a new mineral from arsenic-antimony-mercury deposits of the USSR. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 205: 1194-1197.; Lapis 11:11-24; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow.
Garmite (TL)
Formula: CsLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Kasatkin, A.V., Nestola, F., Agakhanov, A.A., Škoda, R., Karpenko, V.Y. and Tsyganko, M.V. (2017) Garmite, IMA 2017- 008. CNMNC Newsletter No. 37, June 2017, page 740; MineralogicalMagazine, 81, 737–742.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Zuoheng Zhang, Wei Hong, Zongsheng Jiang, Shigang Duan, Zhihua Wang, Fengming Li, Fupin Shi, Jun Zhao, and Renqiao Zheng (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 941-964
Gasparite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(AsO4)
Reference: Atali Agakhanov analytical data
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Genthelvite
Formula: Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Reference: N. MALYUKOVA , (2014). Zoning of Polymetallic Rare-earth and Rare-metal Deposits in the Ak-Tyuz Ore Field (Northern Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan). Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition), 88(supp. 2): 451-453.
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Getchellite
Formula: AsSbS3
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Karpenko, V. Y., Zhitova, E. S., Pautov, L. A., Agakhanov, A. A., Siidra, O. I., Krzhizhanovskaya, M. G., ... & Bocharov, V. N. (2020). Akopovaite, Li 2 Al 4 (OH) 12 (CO 3)(H 2 O) 3, a new Li member of the hydrotalcite supergroup from Turkestan Range, Kyrgyzstan. Mineralogical Magazine, 84(2), 301-311.
Gittinsite
Formula: CaZrSi2O7
Reference: Pautov, L. A., Karpenko, V. Y., & Agakhanov, A. A. (2013) Baratovite-katayamalite Minerals from the Hodzha-achkan Alcaline Massif (Kirgizia). New Data on Minerals. 48:12-36
Gladite
Formula: PbCuBi5S9
Reference: Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
'Glass'
Reference: Nasdala, L., & Pekov, I. V. (1993). Ravatite, C14HIO, a new organic mineral species from Ravat, Tadzhikistan. Eur. J. Mineral, 5, 699-705.
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55
Glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Lifei Zhang, Jun Gao, Ekebair, S., and Zongxiu Wang (2001): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 44(1), 85-96; Jianrong Shi, Hong Yang, Fulai Liu, En Meng, Pinghua Liu, Fang Wang, and Jia Cai (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(6), 2251-2264; Jianrong Shi, Fulai Liu, Pinghua Liu, En Meng, Chaohui Liu, Hong Yang, Fang Wang, and Jia Cai (2014): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 33(1), 29-50
Godovikovite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/godovikovite.pdf.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Gold var. Electrum
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Bo Zheng, Jinguo Zhang, Gang Chen, and Yongfeng Zhu (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(6), 1117-1138
Goldfieldite
Formula: (Cu42)(Cu4Cu+2)Te4S12S
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Gorbunovite (TL)
Formula: CsLi2(Ti,Fe)Si4O10(F,OH,O)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Pekov, I.V., Karpenko, V.Y., Siidra, O.I., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Muftakhov, V.A. and Kasatkin, A.V. (2017) Gorbunovite, IMA 2017-040. CNMNC Newsletter No. 39, October 2017, page 1280; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1279–1286.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Greenalite
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: Sharygin, V.V., Sokol, E.V. and Belakovskii, D.I. (2009) Fayalite-sekaninaite paralava from the Ravat coal fire (central Tajikistan). Russian Geology and Geophysics: 50: 703-721.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Griphite
Formula: Na4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
Reference: Karpenko V.Yu., Zhitova E.S., Pautov L.A., Agakhanov A.A., Siidra O.I., Krzhizhanovskaya M.G., Rassulov V.A., Bocharov V.N. Akopovaite, Li2Al4(OH)12(CO3)(H2O)3, a new Li member of the hydrotalcite supergroup from Turkestan Range, Kyrgyzstan, // Mineralogical Magazine, 2020), v. 84, p. 301–311.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
Gruzdevite (TL)
Formula: Cu6Hg3Sb4S12
Type Locality:
Reference: [DAN-SSSR,(1981) 261, 971-976; Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Reference: Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
Guettardite
Formula: PbAsSbS4
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Gustavite
Formula: AgPbBi3S6
Reference: Bortnikov, N.S., Kovalenker, V.A., Safonov, Yu.G., Troneva, N.V., Laputina, I.P., Razdolina, N.V. (1985): Paragenetic associations and conditions of formation of Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi-sulfosalts in the Kanimansur ore field. Izvestiya Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Geol. 1985(9): 65-75 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Puziewicz, J., Vanko, D.A. (1988): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 73: 443
Gwihabaite
Formula: (NH4,K)NO3
Reference: Belakovski D.I.., Moskalev I.V. Natural ammonium nitrate from the products of selffiring coal layers in Kukhi-Malik valley (Central Tajikistan). Novye dannye o mineralakh, 1988, v.35, p. 191-194. (Russian)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Haiweeite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2[Si5O12(OH)2] · 6H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V. (2013) Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library. Springer Science & Business Media: 1726 pgs.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity/salt/salt_mcs06.pdf
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Hammarite
Formula: Pb2Cu2Bi4S9
Reference: Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Hasanovite (TL)
Formula: KNa(MoO2)(SO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Mirakov, M. A., Pautov, L. A., Siidra, O. I., Makhmadsharif, S., Karpenko, V. Y., and Plechov, P. Y.: Hasanovite, IMA 2020-033, in: CNMNC Newsletter 57, Eur. J. Mineral., 32, https://doi.org/10.5194/ejm-32-495-2020, 2020.
Hastingsite
Formula: NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Reference: Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40; Zuoheng Zhang, Wei Hong, Zongsheng Jiang, Shigang Duan, Zhihua Wang, Fengming Li, Fupin Shi, Jun Zhao, and Renqiao Zheng (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 941-964
Hawleyite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Enikeev, M. R. (1970): Find of hawleyite. Zapiski Uzbekistanskogo Otdeleniya Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, No. 23, 112-114.; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Pautov, L. A., Karpenko, V. Y., & Agakhanov, A. A. (2013) Baratovite-katayamalite Minerals from the Hodzha-achkan Alcaline Massif (Kirgizia). New Data on Minerals. 48:12-36
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Reference: Belakovski D.I.. Die Mineralien der brennenden Kohlefloze von Ravat in Tadshikistan, Lapis, 1990, N 12 p.21-26. (in German); Belakovski D.I.. Die Mineralien der brennenden Kohlefloze von Ravat in Tadshikistan, Lapis, 1990, N 12 p.21-26. (in German)
Hejtmanite
Formula: Ba2Mn2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: L.A. Pautov data
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Hematite var. Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Xiujun Hu and Wenge Chen (2010): Resources Survey & Environment 31(3), 185-193
Hematite var. Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Xiujun Hu and Wenge Chen (2010): Resources Survey & Environment 31(3), 185-193; Zuoheng Zhang, Wei Hong, Zongsheng Jiang, Shigang Duan, Zhihua Wang, Fengming Li, Fupin Shi, Jun Zhao, and Renqiao Zheng (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 941-964; Wei Hong, Zuoheng Zhang, Huaqin Li, Fengming Li, and Xingzhong Liu (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 1067-1074
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: I. Pekov data pers. comm. L. Horváth 2008
Hemusite
Formula: Cu6SnMoS8
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 63
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.
Heteromorphite
Formula: Pb7Sb8S19
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Hinsdalite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Hocartite
Formula: Ag2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Hodrušite
Formula: Cu8Bi12S22
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
'Hornblende'
Reference: Huijun Shao, Chenggun Feng, Junnian Wang, and Xingang Long (2005): Xinjiang Geology 23(3), 256-259
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
'Humite Group'
Reference: Baocheng Fan, Baoqiang Li, Wenhua Ji, Guanglu Meng, Jifei Cao, Bin Wang, Jing Zhang, Xin Cao, Pengrui Lü, and Bo Yang (2014): Northwestern Geology 47(1), 165-170
Hummerite
Formula: K2Mg2(V10O28) · 16H2O
Reference: Karpenko, V.Yu. et al. Zapiski RMO 138(1)83(2009)
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Reference: Golovanov, I. M.: O nachodke chantita v mestorožděnii Kurgašinkan (UzSSR). Doklady Akademii nauk SSSR, 1959, tom. 124, no. 2, s. 398 - 401.
Huttonite
Formula: ThSiO4
Reference: no reference
Hyalotekite
Formula: (Ba,Pb,K)4(Ca,Y)2(B,Be)2(Si,B)2Si8O28(F,Cl)
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2005) Senkevichite, CsKNaCa2TiO[Si7O18(OH)], a new mineral. New Data on Minerals: 40: 11-16.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016) Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 113-122.; Grew, E.S., Yates, M.G., Belakovskiy, D.I., Rouse, R.C., Su, S.C., Marquez, N. (1994) Hyalotekite from reedmergnerite-bearing peralkaline pegmatite, Dara-i-Pioz, Tajikistan and from Mn skarn, Langban, Varmland, Sweden: a new look at an old mineral. Mineralogical Magazine: 58(391): 285-298.
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Filippov, A. G., & TSIBANOV, V. (2013). Kan-i-Gut Cave Mine in Kyrgyzstan/La Grotta Miniera di Kan-i-Gut in Kyrgyzstan. Mine Caves/Grotte di Miniera. Memorie Instituto Italiano di Speleologia, 79-95.
Hydroxycalciopyrochlore
Formula: (Ca,Na,U,◻)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Reference: Ефимов А.Ф., Семёнов Е.И., Акрамов А.Н., Дусматов В.Д., Любомилова В.Г. (1980) Минералы группы пирохлора из щелочных пород Восточного Каратегина (Южный Тянь-Шань), - Доклады АН Тадж. ССР, 1980, т.XXIII, №3, с. 158-161.
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)
Formula: Nd(CO3)(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
Hypercinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: IAEA Technical Document 1396 (2004), pp. 59-68.
Ilsemannite
Formula: Mo3O8 · nH2O
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data; Belakovski D.I.. Die Mineralien der brennenden Kohlefloze von Ravat in Tadshikistan, Lapis, 1990, N 12 p.21-26. (in German); Nasdala, L., & Pekov, I. V. (1993). Ravatite, C14HIO, a new organic mineral species from Ravat, Tadzhikistan. Eur. J. Mineral, 5, 699-705.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Indium
Formula: In
Reference: Novgorodova M.I. (1994) Crystallochemistry of native metals and natural intermetallic compounds, - Itogi Nauki i Techniki, Crystalochimiya, v.29, p.154 (in Rus.)
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Ishikawaite
Formula: U4+Fe2+Nb2O8
Reference: Rubo Zhang and Fengming Han (1983): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 3(4), 313-317
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Jamesonite var. Sakharovaite
Formula: (Pb,Bi)4FeSb6S14
Reference: American Mineralogist (1956) 41:814
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
'Jeffersonite'
Formula: Ca(Mn,Zn,Fe)Si2O6
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Jinshajiangite
Formula: BaNaFe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Y., Dusmatov, V.D., Semenov, E.I. (2004) Arapovite, (U,Th)(Ca,Na)2(K1-x□ x)Si8O20·H2O – new mineral. New Data on Minerals: 39: 14-20.
Johannsenite
Formula: CaMn2+Si2O6
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Dmitriy I. Belakovskiy (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 101-112.; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.
Junoite
Formula: Cu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: Qingzhong Bao, Hong Wang, Deming Sha, and Xiujun Hu (2003): Northwestern Geology 36(2), 43-49; Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Yitian Wang, Caisheng Zhao, Yan Zhang, and Yaling Liu (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(4), 361-379; Xinfeng Dong, Chunji Xue, and Fupin Shi (2011): Earth Science Frontiers 18(5), 172-181
Kapitsaite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (Ba,K,Pb)4(Y,Ca)2Si8(B,Si)4O28F
Type Locality:
Description: In a boulder of peralkaline pegmatite from the moraine of the Dari-i-Pioz glacier
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 42:107-119 (2004); Agakhanov A.A., Pautov L.A., Karpenko V.Yu., Bekenova G.K., Uvarova Y.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group New Mineral Data 46:13-19
Kasolite
Formula: Pb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Katayamalite
Formula: KLi3Ca7Ti2(SiO3)12(OH)2
Reference: Pautov, L. A., Karpenko, V. Y., & Agakhanov, A. A. (2013) Baratovite-katayamalite Minerals from the Hodzha-achkan Alcaline Massif (Kirgizia). New Data on Minerals. 48:12-36
Katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Reference: Xin Liu, Wen Su, Jun Gao, Jilei Li, and Tuo Jiang (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(5), 1675-1684
Kawazulite
Formula: Bi2Te2Se
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.
Kentbrooksite
Formula: (Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Reference: Belakowski, D.I. (1991) Die seltenen Mineralien von Dara-i-Pioz im Hochgebirge Tadshikistans. Lapis: 16(12): 42-48.; Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 132(6): 15-21 (in Russian).
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Reference: Zuoheng Zhang, Wei Hong, Zongsheng Jiang, Shigang Duan, Zhihua Wang, Fengming Li, Fupin Shi, Jun Zhao, and Renqiao Zheng (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 941-964
'K Feldspar var. Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
Khademite
Formula: Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Reference: Mike Scott S105223 from Cureton from Belekovski ID by A Roberts
Khaidarkanite (TL)
Formula: Na0.34Cu4Al3(OH)14F3 · 2H2O
Description: The mineral is associated with calcite, quartz, barite, fluorite, malachite, Cu allophane, conichalcite, chrysocolla, and an Al fluorhydroxide in the oxidation zone of the Khaidarkan Sb-Hg deposit, Kyrgyzstan.
Reference: [ZVMO,(1999) 128, n. 3, 58-63; AmMin 85:1322]
Khamrabaevite (TL)
Formula: (Ti,V,Fe)C
Reference: ZVMO (1984) 113, 697-703; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Khristovite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: {CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)F(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: ZVMO,(1993) 122, n3, 103-111; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Khvorovite (TL)
Formula: (Pb,Ba,K)4Ca2[Si8B2(Si,B)2O28]F
Type Locality:
Habit: as irregular grains, rarely with square or rectangular sections up to 150 μm, and grain aggregates up to 0.5 mm.
Colour: Colorless, white
Description: Found in a pectolite aggregate
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Y., Siidra, O.I., Garanin, V.K., Abdu, Y.A. (2015) Khvorovite, Pb2+4Ca2[Si8B2(SiB)O28]F, a new hyalotekite-group mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine: 79: 949-963.
Kinoshitalite
Formula: (Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: L.A. Pautov data
Kirchhoffite (TL)
Formula: Cs(BSi2O6)
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Karpenko, V.Y., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., (2012) Kirchhoffite, CsBSi2O6, a new mineral species from the Darai-Pioz Alkaline Massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist: 50: 523-529.
Klebelsbergite
Formula: Sb4O4(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Kobellite
Formula: Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Kolovratite (TL)
Formula: NixZny(VO4)0.67(x+y) · nH2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1049; Canadian Mineralogist (1962): 7: 311.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Koninckite
Formula: Fe3+PO4 · 3H2O
Reference: Daltry, Vaughn & Deliens, Michel (1994) The Type Mineralogy of Belgium . Annals of the Belgium Geological Society 116:15-28
Kostovite
Formula: CuAuTe4
Reference: Eleonora A. Dunin-Barkovskaya, Umid K. Aripov, L.A. Tsoy, M.A. Kim (2005) Mineralogical features and ore-forming conditions of goldbearing deposits of Uzbekistan. GEOCHMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY 43 SOFIA pp 69-74
Kreiterite (TL)
Formula: CsLi2Fe3+Si4O10F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Pekov, I.V., Karpenko, V.Y., Siidra, O.I., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Faiziev, A.R., Kasatkin, A.V., Kulikova, I.M. and Muftakhov, V.A. (2019) Kreiterite, IMA 2019-041. CNMNC Newsletter No. 51; European Journal of Mineralogy, 31, https://doi.org/10.1127/ejm/2019/0031-2894
Kremersite
Formula: (NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Reference: Nasdala, L., & Pekov, I. V. (1993). Ravatite, C14HIO, a new organic mineral species from Ravat, Tadzhikistan. Eur. J. Mineral, 5, 699-705.
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Reference: Eleonora A. Dunin-Barkovskaya, Umid K. Aripov, L.A. Tsoy, M.A. Kim (2005) Mineralogical features and ore-forming conditions of goldbearing deposits of Uzbekistan. GEOCHMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY 43 SOFIA pp 69-74
Kupletskite
Formula: (K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016) Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 113-122.
Kupletskite-(Cs) (TL)
Formula: Cs2NaMn2+7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow.; Pautov, L.A. (2003) Pabstite from the Dara-i-Poiz Moraine (Tadjikistan). New Data on Minerals. Moscow: 38: 15-19.
Kuramite (TL)
Formula: Cu3SnS4
Type Locality:
Reference: ZVMO,(1979) 108, 564-569; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
Kuznetsovite (TL)
Formula: [Hg2]2+Hg2+[AsO4]Cl
Reference: [DAN-SSSR,(1980) 225, 963-968; Lapis 11:11-24]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Vasil'yev, V. I., Lavrent'yev, Y. G., & Pal'chik, N. A. (1982). Poyarkovite, Hg3CIO, a new natural mercury oxychloride. International Geology Review, 24(3), 363-366.
Kyrgyzstanite (TL)
Formula: ZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1511-1519.; Atali A. Agakhanov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp23-28; Karpenko, V. Y., Pautov, L. A., Agakhanov, A. A., & Bekenova, G. K. (2011). Mannardite from vanadium-bearing schists of Kazakhstan and Central Asia. New Data on Minerals, 46, 25-33.
Laffittite
Formula: AgHgAsS3
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30; Pervukhina, N. V., Borisov, S. V., Magarill, S. A., Vasil’ev, V. I., & Kuratieva, N. V. (2010). Redetermination and Crystallographic Analysis of the Structure of Sb-Containing Laffittite AgHg (As, Sb) S 3 From Chauvai (Kyrgyzstan). Journal of Structural Chemistry, 51(4), 683-688.
Laitakarite
Formula: Bi4Se2S
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Langbeinite
Formula: K2Mg2(SO4)3
Reference: PXRD
Laptevite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)Y3REE7(SiO4)3(PO4)(B3Si3O18)(BO3)F11
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Y. (2013) Laptevite-(Ce) NaFe2+(REE7Ca5Y3)(SiO4)4(Si3B2PO18)(BO3)F11 - a new vicanite-group mineral from Darai-Pioz alkaline massif. New Data on Minerals: 48: 5-11.; Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Agakhanov, A.A., Karpenko, V.Y., Pautov, L.A. (2013): The crystal structure of laptevite-(Ce), NaFe2+(REE7Ca5Y3)(SiO4)4(Si3B2PO18)(BO3)F11, a new mineral species from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Northern Tajikistan. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials: 228: 550-557.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Chen Yanjing, Bao Jingxin, Zhang Zengjie, Chen Huayong, and Liu Yulin (2003): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry. ; Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234.; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285; Zhang, B., Li, N., Shu, S. P., Wang, W., Yu, J., Chen, X., ... & Chen, Y. J. (2018). Textural and compositional evolution of Au-hosting Fe-S-As minerals at the Axi epithermal gold deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Ore Geology Reviews, 100, 31-50.
Lead
Formula: Pb
Reference: Sabir K. Mustafin data
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Zhuan Tao, Zhengwei He, Chuanmin Sun, Hua Wu, Xianfan Liu, Shan Wu, Xingde Liu, Fanghong Peng, Xiaodi Wang, and Yimin Ding (2002): Journal of Chengdu University of Technology 29(1), 85-89
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Karpenko V.Yu., Zhitova E.S., Pautov L.A., Agakhanov A.A., Siidra O.I., Krzhizhanovskaya M.G., Rassulov V.A., Bocharov V.N. Akopovaite, Li2Al4(OH)12(CO3)(H2O)3, a new Li member of the hydrotalcite supergroup from Turkestan Range, Kyrgyzstan, // Mineralogical Magazine, 2020), v. 84, p. 301–311.
Letovicite
Formula: (NH4)3H(SO4)2
Reference: Belakovski D.I.. Die Mineralien der brennenden Kohlefloze von Ravat in Tadshikistan, Lapis, 1990, N 12 p.21-26. (in German)
Leucophanite
Formula: NaCaBeSi2O6F
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist (2004): 42: 107-119; Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 132(6): 15-21 (in Russian).
Leucosphenite
Formula: BaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2005) Senkevichite, CsKNaCa2TiO[Si7O18(OH)], a new mineral. New Data on Minerals: 40: 11-16.; Pautov L.A., Agakhanov A.A., Sokolova E.V., Hawthorne F., Karpenko V.Yu. (2011) Byzantievite, Ba5(Ca,REE,Y)22(Ti,Nb)18(SiO4)4[(PO4),(SiO4)]4(BO3)9O21[(OH),F]43(H2O)1.5, a new mineral. New Data on Minerals: 46: 5-12.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Karpenko, V.Yu., Bekenova, G.K., Uvarova, Yu.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group. New Data on Minerals: 46: 13-19.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016) Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 113-122.
'Leucoxene'
Reference: IAEA Technical Document 1396 (2004), pp. 59-68.
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
Lillianite
Formula: Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.
'Limonite'
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Reference: Zuoheng Zhang, Wei Hong, Zongsheng Jiang, Shigang Duan, Zhihua Wang, Fengming Li, Fupin Shi, Jun Zhao, and Renqiao Zheng (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 941-964
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Lindströmite
Formula: Pb3Cu3Bi7S15
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Livingstonite
Formula: HgSb4S6(S2)
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Bo Zheng, Jinguo Zhang, Gang Chen, and Yongfeng Zhu (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(6), 1117-1138
Ludwigite
Formula: Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Reference: Fuquan Yang, Huijuan Deng, Haodong Xia, Boyong Ma, and Liben Wang (2003): Xinjiang Geology 21(4), 426-432
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Reference: Xiujun Hu and Wenge Chen (2010): Resources Survey & Environment 31(3), 185-193
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Reference: Xin Liu, Wen Su, Jun Gao, Jilei Li, and Tuo Jiang (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(5), 1675-1684
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Fanmei Kong, Xuping Li, Su Wu, Shoujun Li, and Yanming Xu (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(2), 723-738
'Magnesium'
Formula: Mg
Reference: Novgorodova M.I. (1996) Native magnesium and the problem of its genesis, - Geokhimiya, №1, p. 41-50 (in Rus.)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 62 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Magnetite var. Mushketovite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Xiujun Hu and Wenge Chen (2010): Resources Survey & Environment 31(3), 185-193
Magnetite var. Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Maozhong Min, Jia Chen, Jinpeng Wang, Guanhui Wei, and Fayek, M. (2005): Ore Geology Reviews 26, 51-69.
Magnioursilite (TL)
Formula: Mg4(UO2)4(Si2O5)5(OH)6 · 20H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: ZVMO (1977) 106, 533; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Reference: Eleonora A. Dunin-Barkovskaya, Umid K. Aripov, L.A. Tsoy, M.A. Kim (2005) Mineralogical features and ore-forming conditions of goldbearing deposits of Uzbekistan. GEOCHMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY 43 SOFIA pp 69-74
Maleevite (TL)
Formula: BaB2Si2O8
Type Locality:
Description: Found in pegmatite
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C. (2004) Maleevite, BaB2Si2O8, and pekovite, SrB2Si2O8, new mineral species from the Dara-I-Pioz Alkaline Massif, northern Tajikistan: description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 107-119.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Filippov, A. G., & TSIBANOV, V. (2013). Kan-i-Gut Cave Mine in Kyrgyzstan/La Grotta Miniera di Kan-i-Gut in Kyrgyzstan. Mine Caves/Grotte di Miniera. Memorie Instituto Italiano di Speleologia, 79-95.
Manganosite
Formula: MnO
Reference: L.A. Pautov data
Mannardite
Formula: Ba(Ti4+6V3+2)O16
Reference: Karpenko, V. Y., Pautov, L. A., Agakhanov, A. A., & Bekenova, G. K. (2011). Mannardite from vanadium-bearing schists of Kazakhstan and Central Asia. New Data on Minerals, 46, 25-33.
Mansfieldite
Formula: AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy.; Amer.Min.(1963) 48, 210-211
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Reference: Fuquan Yang, Huijuan Deng, Haodong Xia, Boyong Ma, and Liben Wang (2003): Xinjiang Geology 21(4), 426-432
Mascagnite
Formula: (NH4)2SO4
Reference: Nasdala, L., & Pekov, I. V. (1993). Ravatite, C14HIO, a new organic mineral species from Ravat, Tadzhikistan. Eur. J. Mineral, 5, 699-705.
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: Bortnikov, N.S., Kovalenker, V.A., Safonov, Yu.G., Troneva, N.V., Laputina, I.P., Razdolina, N.V. (1985): Paragenetic associations and conditions of formation of Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi-sulfosalts in the Kanimansur ore field. Izvestiya Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Geol. 1985(9): 65-75 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Puziewicz, J., Vanko, D.A. (1988): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 73: 443
Mawsonite
Formula: Cu6Fe2SnS8
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
'Melnikovite'
Reference: Minghua Zheng, Jiajun Liu, Shouting Zhang, and Xunrong Long (2002): Geology and Resources 11(3), 140-146; Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Cook, N.J., Xunrong Long, Jun Deng, and Yusheng Zhai (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 125-156
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: http://homepage.usask.ca/~smi454/project/articles/gold2000_ext_abs.htm; Mao, J., Konopelko, D., Seltmann, R., Lehmann, B., Chen, W., Wang, Y., ... & Usubaliev, T. (2004). Postcollisional age of the Kumtor gold deposit and timing of Hercynian events in the Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 99(8), 1771-1780.
Mendeleevite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Cs6(Ce22Ca6)(Si70O175)(OH,F)14(H2O)21
Type Locality:
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Karpenko, V.Y., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C. (2013) Mendeleevite-(Ce), a new mineral from the Darai-pioz Massif, Tajikistan. Doklady Akademii Nauk: 552: 441-444.; Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Karpenko, V.Y., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C. (2013) (Cs,□)6(□,Cs)6(□,K)6(REE,Ca,□)30(Si70O175)(H2O,OH,F,□)35: a new mineral from the Darai-Pioz Massif, Tajikistan. Doklady Earth Sciences: 452: 1023-1026.
Mendeleevite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: Cs6[(Nd,REE)23Ca7](Si70O175)(OH,F)19(H2O)16
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Y., Siidra, O.I. and Garanin, V.K. (2015) Mendeleevite-(Nd), IMA 2015-031. CNMNC Newsletter No. 26, August 2015, page 945; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 941-947; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Garanin, V.K. (2017): Mendeleevite-(Nd), (Cs,□)6(□,Cs)6(□,K)6(REE,Ca)30(Si70O175)(OH,H2O,F)35, a new mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 135–141.
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Metahewettite
Formula: CaV6O16 · 3H2O
Reference: Karpenko, V.Yu. et al. Zapiski RMO 138(1)83(2009)
Metanatroautunite
Formula: Na(UO2)(PO4)(H2O)3
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Metastibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy.
Metatyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Reference: V.Y. Karpenko et al.: Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 133(2):59-68 (2004)
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy.; Amer.Min.(1963) 48, 210-211
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Reference: Bo Zheng, Jinguo Zhang, Gang Chen, and Yongfeng Zhu (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(6), 1117-1138
'Mica Group'
Reference: Seltmann, R., & Porter, T. M. (2005). The porphyry Cu–Au/Mo deposits of Central Eurasia: 1. Tectonic, geologic and metallogenic setting and significant deposits. Super porphyry copper and gold deposits: a global perspective, 2, 467-512.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Terra Nostra 2001/2: 3
Microcline var. Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Karpenko V.Yu., Zhitova E.S., Pautov L.A., Agakhanov A.A., Siidra O.I., Krzhizhanovskaya M.G., Rassulov V.A., Bocharov V.N. Akopovaite, Li2Al4(OH)12(CO3)(H2O)3, a new Li member of the hydrotalcite supergroup from Turkestan Range, Kyrgyzstan, // Mineralogical Magazine, 2020), v. 84, p. 301–311.
'Microperthite'
Reference: Soloviev, S. G., Kryazhev, S. G., & Dvurechenskaya, S. S. (2019). Genesis of the Maikhura tungsten-tin skarn deposit, Tajik Tien Shan: Insights from petrology, mineralogy, and fluid inclusion study. Ore Geology Reviews, 104, 561-588.
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: Lapis 17(2), 13-18 (1992)
Minyulite
Formula: KAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Reference: Karpenko, V.Yu. et al. Zapiski RMO 138(1)83(2009)
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55
Miserite
Formula: K1.5-x(Ca,Y,REE)5(Si6O15)(Si2O7)(OH,F)2 · yH2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Mohite (TL)
Formula: Cu2SnS3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
Moissanite
Formula: SiC
Reference: Novgorodova M.I. (1996) Native magnesium and the problem of its genesis, - Geokhimiya, №1, p. 41-50 (in Rus.)
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Reference: Wuhan Huaze Science & Technology Development Co. Ltd., 2007
Molybdite
Formula: MoO3
Reference: Belakovski D.I.. Die Mineralien der brennenden Kohlefloze von Ravat in Tadshikistan, Lapis, 1990, N 12 p.21-26. (in German); Nasdala, L., & Pekov, I. V. (1993). Ravatite, C14HIO, a new organic mineral species from Ravat, Tadzhikistan. Eur. J. Mineral, 5, 699-705.
'Monazite'
Formula: (REE/Ce/La/Nd/Sm/Gd)(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Rubo Zhang and Fengming Han (1983): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 3(4), 313-317
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: L.A. Pautov data
Monohydrocalcite (TL)
Formula: CaCO3 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: NJMM (1991), 289; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Montanite
Formula: Bi2(TeO6) · 2H2O
Reference: Novgorodova, M.I., Generalov, M.Ye., Gorshkov, A.I., Sivtsov, A.V., Uspenskiy, Ye.I (1991) Association of native gold with bismuthyl carbonates and tellurates. Izvestiya Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Geol.: 4: 102-108 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S. (1993): New mineral Names. :merican Mineralogist: 78: 234
Montbrayite
Formula: (Au,Ag,Sb,Bi,Pb)23(Te,Sb,Bi,Pb)38
Reference: Eleonora A. Dunin-Barkovskaya, Umid K. Aripov, L.A. Tsoy, M.A. Kim (2005) Mineralogical features and ore-forming conditions of goldbearing deposits of Uzbekistan. GEOCHMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY 43 SOFIA pp 69-74
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Karpenko, V. Y., Zhitova, E. S., Pautov, L. A., Agakhanov, A. A., Siidra, O. I., Krzhizhanovskaya, M. G., ... & Bocharov, V. N. (2020). Akopovaite, Li 2 Al 4 (OH) 12 (CO 3)(H 2 O) 3, a new Li member of the hydrotalcite supergroup from Turkestan Range, Kyrgyzstan. Mineralogical Magazine, 84(2), 301-311. ; Karpenko V.Yu., Zhitova E.S., Pautov L.A., Agakhanov A.A., Siidra O.I., Krzhizhanovskaya M.G., Rassulov V.A., Bocharov V.N. Akopovaite, Li2Al4(OH)12(CO3)(H2O)3, a new Li member of the hydrotalcite supergroup from Turkestan Range, Kyrgyzstan, // Mineralogical Magazine, 2020), v. 84, p. 301–311.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Zhian Qin (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(4), 69-75
Montroydite
Formula: HgO
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Mosandrite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
Moskvinite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Na2KYSi6O15
Type Locality:
Colour: Colourless
Description: Isometric grains to 2mm
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C., and Karpenko, V.Y. (2003) Moskvinite-(Y), Na2K(Y,REE)[Si6O15], a new mineral. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 132: 15-21.; Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A. (2003) The crystal structure of moskvinite-(Y), Na2K(Y,REE)[Si6O15], a new silicate mineral with [Si6O15] three-membered double rings from the Dara-i-Pioz moraine, Tien-Shan Mountains, Tajikistan. Canadian Mineralogist: 41: 513-520.
Mullite
Formula: Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Reference: Nasdala, L., & Pekov, I. V. (1993). Ravatite, C14HIO, a new organic mineral species from Ravat, Tadzhikistan. Eur. J. Mineral, 5, 699-705.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 74 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Muscovite var. Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Seltmann, R., & Porter, T. M. (2005). The porphyry Cu–Au/Mo deposits of Central Eurasia: 1. Tectonic, geologic and metallogenic setting and significant deposits. Super porphyry copper and gold deposits: a global perspective, 2, 467-512.
Muscovite var. Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Terra Nostra 2001/2: 3
Muscovite var. Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Reference: Lifei Zhang, Jun Gao, Ekebair, S., and Zongxiu Wang (2001): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 44(1), 85-96; Jianrong Shi, Hong Yang, Fulai Liu, En Meng, Pinghua Liu, Fang Wang, and Jia Cai (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(6), 2251-2264; Jianrong Shi, Fulai Liu, Pinghua Liu, En Meng, Chaohui Liu, Hong Yang, Fang Wang, and Jia Cai (2014): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 33(1), 29-50
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
Reference: Hong Wang, Qing-Zhong Bao, De-Ming Sha, and Xiu-Jun Hu (2002): Geology and Resources [Dizhi Yu Ziyuan] 11(1), 23-28.; Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Yitian Wang, Caisheng Zhao, Yan Zhang, and Yaling Liu (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(4), 361-379
Mushistonite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Type Locality:
Reference: ZVMO,(1984) 113, 612-617; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Nagyágite
Formula: [Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Reference: Eleonora A. Dunin-Barkovskaya, Umid K. Aripov, L.A. Tsoy, M.A. Kim (2005) Mineralogical features and ore-forming conditions of goldbearing deposits of Uzbekistan. GEOCHMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY 43 SOFIA pp 69-74
Nalivkinite (TL)
Formula: Li2Na(Fe2+,Mn2+)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Y. (2008) Nalivkinite, Li2NaFe2+7Ti2(Si8O24)O2(OH)4F, a new mineral of the astrophyllite group from the Darai-Pioz Massif, Tadjikistan. New data on minerals: 43: 5-12.; Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A. (2008) The crystal structure of nalivkinite, a new lithium member of the astrophyllite group. The Canadian Mineralogist: 46: 651-659.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y.A., Karpenko, V.Y. (2016) Two astrophyllite-supergroup minerals: Bulgakite, a new mineral from the Darai-Pioz Alkaline Massif, Tajikistan and revision of the crystal structure and chemical formula of nalivkinite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 54: 33-48.
Nasledovite (TL)
Formula: PbMn3Al4(CO3)4(SO4)O5 · 5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Natanite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+[Sn(OH)6]
Reference: ZVMO,(1981) 110, 492-500; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Natrouranospinite (TL)
Formula: (Na2,Ca)(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy.; Amer.Min.(1963) 48, 210-211
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Reference: Moralev, G.V., and Shatagin, K.N. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 405-413.
Nekoite
Formula: Ca3Si6O15 · 7H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Nekrasovite (TL)
Formula: Cu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Neptunite
Formula: Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2005) Senkevichite, CsKNaCa2TiO[Si7O18(OH)], a new mineral. New Data on Minerals: 40: 11-16.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Karpenko, V.Yu., Bekenova, G.K., Uvarova, Yu.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group. New Data on Minerals: 46: 13-19.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016) Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 113-122.
Nevadaite
Formula: (Cu2+,Al,V3+)6Al8(PO4)8F8(OH)2 · 22H2O
Reference: Karpenko, V.Yu. et al. Zapiski RMO 138(1)83(2009)
Nevskite
Formula: Bi(Se,S)
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
'Nickelalumite'
Formula: (Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: V.Y. Karpenko et al.: Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 133(2):59-68 (2004); New Data on Minerals: 39: 32-39.; Karpenko, V. Y., Pautov, L. A., Agakhanov, A. A., & Bekenova, G. K. (2011). Mannardite from vanadium-bearing schists of Kazakhstan and Central Asia. New Data on Minerals, 46, 25-33.
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Moralev, G.V., and Shatagin, K.N. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 405-413.
Niksergievite (TL)
Formula: (Ba,Ca)2Al3(AlSi3O10)(CO3)(OH)6 · nH2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Am Min 90:1163-1166
Niter
Formula: KNO3
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Nitrocalcite
Formula: Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Nordenskiöldine
Formula: CaSn4+[BO3]2
Reference: Marshukova et al. (1968): ZVMO 97, 695-698.
Nordite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)(Sr,Ca)Na2(Na,Mn)(Zn,Mg)Si6O17
Reference: Belakowski, D.I. (1991) Die seltenen Mineralien von Dara-i-Pioz im Hochgebirge Tadshikistans. Lapis: 16(12): 42-48.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016) Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 113-122.
Odigitriaite (TL)
Formula: CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016) Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 113-122.
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Lifei Zhang, Jun Gao, Ekebair, S., and Zongxiu Wang (2001): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 44(1), 85-96; Jianrong Shi, Hong Yang, Fulai Liu, En Meng, Pinghua Liu, Fang Wang, and Jia Cai (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(6), 2251-2264; Jianrong Shi, Fulai Liu, Pinghua Liu, En Meng, Chaohui Liu, Hong Yang, Fang Wang, and Jia Cai (2014): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 33(1), 29-50
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Wuhan Huaze Science & Technology Development Co. Ltd., 2007
Opal var. Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Wuhan Huaze Science & Technology Development Co. Ltd., 2007
Orlovite (TL)
Formula: KLi2Ti(Si4O10)OF
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Karpenko, V.Yu., Bekenova, G.K., Uvarova, Y.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group New Data on Minerals: 46: 13-19.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016) Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 113-122.
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Fanmei Kong, Xuping Li, Su Wu, Shoujun Li, and Yanming Xu (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(2), 723-738
Osumilite
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Reference: Belakowski, D.I. (1991) Die seltenen Mineralien von Dara-i-Pioz im Hochgebirge Tadshikistans. Lapis: 16(12): 42-48.
Pääkkönenite
Formula: Sb2AsS2
Reference: Bo Zheng, Jinguo Zhang, Gang Chen, and Yongfeng Zhu (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(6), 1117-1138
Pabstite
Formula: Ba(Sn,Ti)(Si3O9)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data of 2014, L.A. Pautov specimen
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Reference: Terra Nostra 2001/2: 3
Para-alumohydrocalcite (TL)
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Lifei Zhang, Jun Gao, Ekebair, S., and Zongxiu Wang (2001): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 44(1), 85-96; Jianrong Shi, Hong Yang, Fulai Liu, En Meng, Pinghua Liu, Fang Wang, and Jia Cai (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(6), 2251-2264; Jianrong Shi, Fulai Liu, Pinghua Liu, En Meng, Chaohui Liu, Hong Yang, Fang Wang, and Jia Cai (2014): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 33(1), 29-50
'Parisite'
Formula: Ca(Ce/La/Nd/REE)2(CO3)3F2
Reference: N. MALYUKOVA , (2014) Zoning of Polymetallic Rare-earth and Rare-metal Deposits in the Ak-Tyuz Ore Field (Northern Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan). Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition), 88(supp. 2): 451-453.; Dill, H. G. (1999). Polymetallic ore deposits in the Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan border region. Z. für angewandte Geol, 44, 22-30.
Pavonite
Formula: AgBi3S5
Reference: Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2005) Senkevichite, CsKNaCa2TiO[Si7O18(OH)], a new mineral. New Data on Minerals: 40: 11-16.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Karpenko, V.Yu., Bekenova, G.K., Uvarova, Yu.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group. New Data on Minerals: 46: 13-19.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016) Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 113-122.
Pekoite
Formula: PbCuBi11S18
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Pekovite (TL)
Formula: SrB2Si2O8
Type Locality:
Description: Found in block of quartz in moraine of glacier
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C. (2004) Maleevite, BaB2Si2O8, and pekovite, SrB2Si2O8, new mineral species from the Dara-I-Pioz Alkaline Massif, northern Tajikistan: description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 107-119.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2005) Senkevichite, CsKNaCa2TiO[Si7O18(OH)], a new mineral. New Data on Minerals: 40: 11-16.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Karpenko, V.Yu., Bekenova, G.K., Uvarova, Yu.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group. New Data on Minerals: 46: 13-19.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016) Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 113-122.
Perraultite (TL)
Formula: BaNaMn2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F
Reference: Eskova, E.M., Dusmatov, V.D., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Chukanov, N.V., Voronkov, A.A. (2003) Surkhobite (Ca, Na)(Ba, K)(Fe2+, Mn)4Ti2(Si4O14)O2(F, OH, O)3, the new mineral (the Alai Ridge, Tadjikistan). Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 132(2): 60-67.; Pekov, I.V. (2007) New minerals from former Soviet Union countries, 1998-2006: Discredited mineral names. Mineralogical Almanac: 11: 55-55.; Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Eskova, E.M., Dusmatov, V.D., Chukanov, N.V., Schneider, F. (2008) Surkhobite: revalidation and redefinition with the new formula, (Ba,K)2CaNa(Mn,Fe2+,Fe3+)8Ti4(Si2O7)4O4(F,OH,O)6. European Journal of Mineralogy: 20: 289-295.; Rozenberg, K.A., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Verin, I.A. (2003) Crystal structure of surkhobite - new mineral from the family of titanosilicate mica. Crystallography Reports: 48: 384-389.
'Petroleum var. Bitumen'
Reference: Pautov L.A., Belakovskii D.I., Baimagambetov B.K. Sulvanite: revision of specimens from museum funds and litherature data, new occurrence in South-Eastern Kirgizia, - Novye dannye o mineralah, Moscow, Nauka, 1989, v.36, p.91-100.
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: http://homepage.usask.ca/~smi454/project/articles/gold2000_ext_abs.htm; Mao, J., Konopelko, D., Seltmann, R., Lehmann, B., Chen, W., Wang, Y., ... & Usubaliev, T. (2004). Postcollisional age of the Kumtor gold deposit and timing of Hercynian events in the Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 99(8), 1771-1780.
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Amer.Min.(1963) 48, 210-211
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: N. MALYUKOVA , (2014). Zoning of Polymetallic Rare-earth and Rare-metal Deposits in the Ak-Tyuz Ore Field (Northern Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan). Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition), 88(supp. 2): 451-453.; Djenchuraeva, R. D., Borisov, F. I., Pak, N. T., & Malyukova, N. N. (2008). Metallogeny and geodynamics of the Aktiuz–Boordu mining district, northern Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 32(2-4), 280-299.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Pinnoite
Formula: Mg[B2O(OH)6]
Reference: Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55
Plagionite
Formula: Pb5Sb8S17
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Playfairite
Formula: Pb16(Sb,As)19S44Cl
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Filippov, A. G., & TSIBANOV, V. (2013). Kan-i-Gut Cave Mine in Kyrgyzstan/La Grotta Miniera di Kan-i-Gut in Kyrgyzstan. Mine Caves/Grotte di Miniera. Memorie Instituto Italiano di Speleologia, 79-95.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Filippov, A. G., & TSIBANOV, V. (2013). Kan-i-Gut Cave Mine in Kyrgyzstan/La Grotta Miniera di Kan-i-Gut in Kyrgyzstan. Mine Caves/Grotte di Miniera. Memorie Instituto Italiano di Speleologia, 79-95.
Polylithionite
Formula: KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Pautov, L. A., Karpenko, V. Y., & Agakhanov, A. A. (2013) Baratovite-katayamalite Minerals from the Hodzha-achkan Alcaline Massif (Kirgizia). New Data on Minerals. 48:12-36
'Polylithionite-1M'
Reference: Hawthorne, F.C., Sokolova, E., Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2019) The Crystal Structure of Polylithionite-1M from Darai-pioz, Tajikistan: The Role of Short-Range Order in Driving Symmetry Reduction in 1M Li-Rich Mica. The Canadian Mineralogist: 57: 519-528.
Poyarkovite (TL)
Formula: [Hg2]2+3Cl2O2
Reference: [ZVMO,(1981) 110, 501-506; Lapis 11:11-24]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Vasil'yev, V. I., Lavrent'yev, Y. G., & Pal'chik, N. A. (1982). Poyarkovite, Hg3CIO, a new natural mercury oxychloride. International Geology Review, 24(3), 363-366.
Przhevalskite (TL)
Formula: Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40; Zhian Qin (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(4), 69-75
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Filippov, A. G., & TSIBANOV, V. (2013). Kan-i-Gut Cave Mine in Kyrgyzstan/La Grotta Miniera di Kan-i-Gut in Kyrgyzstan. Mine Caves/Grotte di Miniera. Memorie Instituto Italiano di Speleologia, 79-95.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 112 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Pyrite var. Arsenic-bearing Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Baocheng Fan, Baoqiang Li, Wenhua Ji, Guanglu Meng, Jifei Cao, Bin Wang, Jing Zhang, Xin Cao, Pengrui Lü, and Bo Yang (2014): Northwestern Geology 47(1), 165-170
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Pautov, L.A. (2003) Pabstite from the Dara-i-Poiz Moraine (Tadjikistan). New Data on Minerals. Moscow: 38: 15-19.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Pyrolusite var. Polianite
Formula: morphological variety
Reference: Filippov, A. G., & TSIBANOV, V. (2013). Kan-i-Gut Cave Mine in Kyrgyzstan/La Grotta Miniera di Kan-i-Gut in Kyrgyzstan. Mine Caves/Grotte di Miniera. Memorie Instituto Italiano di Speleologia, 79-95.
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 63
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Reference: L.A. Pautov data
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Seltmann, R., & Porter, T. M. (2005). The porphyry Cu–Au/Mo deposits of Central Eurasia: 1. Tectonic, geologic and metallogenic setting and significant deposits. Super porphyry copper and gold deposits: a global perspective, 2, 467-512.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Reference: Zuoheng Zhang, Wei Hong, Zongsheng Jiang, Shigang Duan, Zhihua Wang, Fengming Li, Fupin Shi, Jun Zhao, and Renqiao Zheng (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 941-964
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 143 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Quartz var. Agate
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic mineral deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Quartz var. Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Xizhong Miao (1997): Journal of Xinjiang University 14(4), 87-90
Quartz var. Aventurine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Quartz var. Carnelian
Reference: Jiangping Mo, Mingyang Huang, Longfang Qin and Handi Lu (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(4), 7-12
Quartz var. Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Zhian Qin (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(4), 69-75
Quartz var. Jasper
Reference: Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40; Mingdi Hua (1985): Xinjiang Geology 3(1); Zuoheng Zhang, Wei Hong, Zongsheng Jiang, Shigang Duan, Zhihua Wang, Fengming Li, Fupin Shi, Jun Zhao, and Renqiao Zheng (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 941-964
Quartz var. Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Xizhong Miao (1997): Journal of Xinjiang University 14(4), 87-90
Ravatite (TL)
Formula: C14H10
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Nasdala L., Pekov I.V. Ravatite, C 14 H 10 , a new organic mineral species from Ravat, Tadzhikistan // European Journal of Mineralogy, 1993, 5, 4, 699-705
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Reedmergnerite
Formula: NaBSi3O8
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 42:107-119 (2004); Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2011) Byzantievite, Ba5(Ca,REE,Y)22(Ti,Nb)18(SiO4)4[(PO4),(SiO4)]4(BO3)9O21[(OH),F]43(H2O)1.5, a new mineral. New Data on Minerals: 46: 5-12.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Karpenko, V.Yu., Bekenova, G.K., Uvarova, Yu.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group. New Data on Minerals: 46: 13-19.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016) Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 113-122.; Grew, E.S., Yates, M.G., Belakovskiy, D.I., Rouse, R.C., Su, S.C., Marquez, N. (1994) Hyalotekite from reedmergnerite-bearing peralkaline pegmatite, Dara-i-Pioz, Tajikistan and from Mn skarn, Langban, Varmland, Sweden: a new look at an old mineral. Mineralogical Magazine: 58(391): 285-298.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40; Zhian Qin (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(4), 69-75; Zuoheng Zhang, Wei Hong, Zongsheng Jiang, Shigang Duan, Zhihua Wang, Fengming Li, Fupin Shi, Jun Zhao, and Renqiao Zheng (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 941-964
Rhodonite
Formula: CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Reference: Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: PXRD (Lukasz Kruszewski)
Rickardite
Formula: Cu7Te5
Reference: Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.; Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Terra Nostra 2001/2: 3
Rinkite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Reference: Semenov, E.I., Dusmatov, V.D. (1975) On the mineralogy of Dara-i-Pioz alkaline massif (Central Tadjikistan). Doklady Akademii Nauk, Tadjik SSR: 18(11): 39-41.
Rinkite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Na2Ca4YTi(Si2O7)2OF3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Karpenko, V.Y., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C. (2019) Rinkite-(Y), Na2Ca4YTi(Si2O7)2OF3, a seidozerite-supergroup TS-block mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tien-Shan mountains, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine: 83: 373-380.
Rinneite
Formula: K3Na[FeCl6]
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Roscoelite
Formula: K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: V.Y. Karpenko et al.: Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 133(2):59-68 (2004)
Rostite
Formula: Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: PXRD (Lukasz Kruszewski)
Rucklidgeite
Formula: PbBi2Te4
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Yongfeng Zhu, Jing Zhou, and Yishan Zeng (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 337-365.; Zhu, Y., Zhou, J., & Gu, L. (2005). Geochemistry of the Tianger shear zone-hosted gold deposit (west Tianshan, northwest China). In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1131-1134). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Rutile var. Ilmenorutile
Reference: Vrublevskii, V. V. (2017, December). Origin of carbonatites of the Matcha alkaline pluton from Turkestan-Alai ridge, Kyrgyz Southern Tien Shan. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 110, No. 1, p. 012023). IOP Publishing.
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Reference: Belakovskiy D.I., Galuskin E. (1990) Hopper crystals of natural salammoniac. Mineralogiceskiy Zhurnal, 12, xx-xx. (in Russian).; Nasdala, L., & Pekov, I. V. (1993). Ravatite, C14HIO, a new organic mineral species from Ravat, Tadzhikistan. Eur. J. Mineral, 5, 699-705.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Volkov, V.N. et al (1999), Magmatic Associations and Ore Mineralization of the Aktepe Ore Field (Kuraminsk Ridge, Uzbekistan). Geology of Ore Deposits 41, 238-251
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: http://fadr.msu.ru/caves/malmin_e.html; Maltsev, V., & Korshunov, V. (1998). Geochemistry of fluorite and related features of the Kugitangtou Ridge Caves, Turkmenistan. Journal of Caves and Karst Studies, 60, 151-155.; Vladimir A. Maltsev (1993) Minerals of the Cupp-Coutunn Karst Cave System, Southeast Turkmenistan. World of Stone 2:5-30
'Scapolite'
Reference: Zuoheng Zhang, Wei Hong, Zongsheng Jiang, Shigang Duan, Zhihua Wang, Fengming Li, Fupin Shi, Jun Zhao, and Renqiao Zheng (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 941-964
Schapbachite
Formula: Ag0.4Pb0.2Bi0.4S
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Scheelite var. Molybdoscheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
'Schirmerite'
Formula: PbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Schoepite
Formula: (UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Karpenko, V. Y., Zhitova, E. S., Pautov, L. A., Agakhanov, A. A., Siidra, O. I., Krzhizhanovskaya, M. G., ... & Bocharov, V. N. (2020). Akopovaite, Li 2 Al 4 (OH) 12 (CO 3)(H 2 O) 3, a new Li member of the hydrotalcite supergroup from Turkestan Range, Kyrgyzstan. Mineralogical Magazine, 84(2), 301-311.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Searlesite
Formula: Na(H2BSi2O7)
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
Sekaninaite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Sharygin, V.V., Sokol, E.V. and Belakovskii, D.I. (2009): Fayalite-sekaninaite paralava from the Ravat coal fire (central Tajikistan). Russian Geology and Geophysics 50, 703-721.
Selenium
Formula: Se
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Belakovski D.I.. Die Mineralien der brennenden Kohlefloze von Ravat in Tadshikistan, Lapis, 1990, N 12 p.21-26. (in German); Nasdala, L., & Pekov, I. V. (1993). Ravatite, C14HIO, a new organic mineral species from Ravat, Tadzhikistan. Eur. J. Mineral, 5, 699-705.
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Senkevichite (TL)
Formula: CsKNaCa2TiO[Si7O18](OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2005) Senkevichite, CsKNaCa2TiO[Si7O18(OH)], a new mineral. New Data on Minerals: 40: 11-16.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016) Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 113-122.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Fuquan Yang, Huijuan Deng, Haodong Xia, Boyong Ma, and Liben Wang (2003): Xinjiang Geology 21(4), 426-432
Shakhovite (TL)
Formula: [Hg2]2+Hg2+2[Sb3+O3](OH)3
Reference: [Geol.i Geofiz.(1980) p128-132; Lapis 11:11-24]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Vasil'yev, V. I., Lavrent'yev, Y. G., & Pal'chik, N. A. (1982). Poyarkovite, Hg3CIO, a new natural mercury oxychloride. International Geology Review, 24(3), 363-366.
Shibkovite (TL)
Formula: K2Ca2(Zn3Si12)O30
Type Locality:
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Sokolova, E.V. (1998) Shibkovite K(Ca,Mn,Na)2(K2-x□x)2Zn3Si12O30 — the new mineral from the milarite group. Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 127(4): 89-94.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.S., Karpenko, V. Yu. (2003) Moskvinite-(Y), Na2K(Y,REE)[Si6O15], a new mineral. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 132(6): 15-21.
Shortite
Formula: Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: Xinfeng Dong, Chunji Xue, and Fupin Shi (2011): Earth Science Frontiers 18(5), 172-181
Siderite var. Manganese-bearing Siderite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)CO3
Reference: Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Silver var. Küstelite
Formula: Ag
Reference: Bo Zheng, Jinguo Zhang, Gang Chen, and Yongfeng Zhu (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(6), 1117-1138
Sklodowskite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: Minghua Zheng, Jiajun Liu, Shouting Zhang, and Xunrong Long (2002): Geology and Resources 11(3), 140-146; Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Cook, N.J., Xunrong Long, Jun Deng, and Yusheng Zhai (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 125-156
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Xiyang Zhu, Xinjian Peng, Yunliang Wang, Chengjiang Zhang, Zhichang Wang, Jinping Wang, and Jianhua Liu (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(4), 443-451; Maozhong Min, Jia Chen, Jinpeng Wang, Guanhui Wei, and Fayek, M. (2005): Ore Geology Reviews 26, 51-69
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Filippov, A. G., & TSIBANOV, V. (2013). Kan-i-Gut Cave Mine in Kyrgyzstan/La Grotta Miniera di Kan-i-Gut in Kyrgyzstan. Mine Caves/Grotte di Miniera. Memorie Instituto Italiano di Speleologia, 79-95.
Sodalite
Formula: Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
'Sodic amphibole'
Reference: Vrublevskii, V. V., Morova, A. A., Bukharova, O. V., & Konovalenko, S. I. (2018). Mineralogy and geochemistry of triassic carbonatites in the Matcha alkaline intrusive complex (Turkestan-Alai Ridge, Kyrgyz Southern Tien Shan), SW Central Asian orogenic belt. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 153, 252-281.
Sogdianite (TL)
Formula: KZr2Li3Si12O30
Type Locality:
Reference: Dusmatov, V.D., Efimov, A.F., Kataeva, Z.T., Khoroshilova, L.A., Yanulov, K.P. (1968) Sogdianite - a new mineral. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 182: 1176-1177. Fleischer, M. (1969) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 54: 1218-1223.; Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C. (2004) Maleevite, BaB2Si2O8, and pekovite, SrB2Si2O8, new mineral species from the Dara-i-Pioz alkaline massif, Northern Tajikistan: description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 107-119.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Karpenko, V.Yu., Bekenova, G.K., Uvarova, Yu.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group. New Data on Minerals: 46: 13-19.
Sokolovaite (TL)
Formula: CsLi2Al(Si4O10)F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pautov, L., Agakhanov, A.A. Bekenova, G.K. (2006) Sokolovaite CsLi2AlSi4O10F2 - a new mineral species of the mica group. New data on minerals: 41: 5-13.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2005) Senkevichite, CsKNaCa2TiO[Si7O18(OH)], a new mineral. New Data on Minerals: 40: 11-16.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Karpenko, V.Yu., Bekenova, G.K., Uvarova, Yu.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group. New Data on Minerals: 46: 13-19.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016) Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 113-122.
Sonolite
Formula: Mn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Reference: Pautov L.A., Ignatenko K.I., Belakovskii D.I. New data on sonolite, - ZVMO, 1990, N3, p.98-101.
Sorbyite
Formula: CuPb9(Sb,As)11S26
Reference: [Lapis 11:11-24]
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: L.A. Pautov data
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 63 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Sphalerite var. Cleiophane
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Pautov L.A., Belakovskii D.I., Baimagambetov B.K. Sulvanite: revision of specimens from museum funds and litherature data, new occurrence in South-Eastern Kirgizia, - Novye dannye o mineralah, Moscow, Nauka, 1989, v.36, p.91-100.
Sphalerite var. Marmatite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: http://www.chinamining.org/Facts/2006-10-10/1160464384d1491.html
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Stannoidite
Formula: Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: Moralev, G.V., and Shatagin, K.N. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 405-413.
Stibarsen
Formula: AsSb
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Stibiocolusite (TL)
Formula: Cu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Stillwellite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 42:107-119 (2004); Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2011) Byzantievite, Ba5(Ca,REE,Y)22(Ti,Nb)18(SiO4)4[(PO4),(SiO4)]4(BO3)9O21[(OH),F]43(H2O)1.5, a new mineral. New Data on Minerals: 46: 5-12.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Karpenko, V.Yu., Bekenova, G.K., Uvarova, Yu.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group. New Data on Minerals: 46: 13-19.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016) Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 113-122.
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: I. Pekov data pers. comm. L. Horváth 2008
Stilpnomelane var. Ferristilpnomelane
Formula: K(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Reference: V.A. Karpenko data
Stistaite
Formula: SnSb
Reference: Sabir K. Mustafin data
Stranskiite
Formula: Zn2Cu(AsO4)2
Reference: Van King
Strelkinite
Formula: Na2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: http://homepage.usask.ca/~smi454/project/articles/gold2000_ext_abs.htm; Mao, J., Konopelko, D., Seltmann, R., Lehmann, B., Chen, W., Wang, Y., ... & Usubaliev, T. (2004). Postcollisional age of the Kumtor gold deposit and timing of Hercynian events in the Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 99(8), 1771-1780.
Stützite
Formula: Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Suessite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3Si
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Sugilite
Formula: KNa2Fe3+2(Li3Si12)O30
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C. (2004) Maleevite, BaB2Si2O8, and pekovite, SrB2Si2O8, new mineral species from the Dara-i-Pioz alkaline massif, Northern Tajikistan: description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 107-119.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Karpenko, V.Yu., Bekenova, G.K., Uvarova, Y.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group New Mineral Data: 46: 13-19.
Sulphotsumoite
Formula: Bi3Te2S
Reference: Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Sulvanite
Formula: Cu3VS4
Reference: Pautov L.A., Belakovskii D.I., Baimagambetov B.K. Sulvanite: revision of specimens from museum funds and litherature data, new occurrence in South-Eastern Kirgizia, - Novye dannye o mineralah, Moscow, Nauka, 1989, v.36, p.91-100.
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Reference: http://homepage.usask.ca/~smi454/project/articles/gold2000_ext_abs.htm; Mao, J., Konopelko, D., Seltmann, R., Lehmann, B., Chen, W., Wang, Y., ... & Usubaliev, T. (2004). Postcollisional age of the Kumtor gold deposit and timing of Hercynian events in the Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 99(8), 1771-1780.
'Synchysite'
Formula: Ca(Ce/Nd/Y/REE)(CO3)2F
Reference: Dill, H. G. (1999). Polymetallic ore deposits in the Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan border region. Z. für angewandte Geol, 44, 22-30.
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: no reference
Synchysite-(Y)
Formula: CaY(CO3)2F
Reference: no reference
Tadzhikite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ca4Ce3+2Ti◻(B4Si4O22)(OH)2
Reference: Efimov, A.F., Dusmatov, V.D., Alkhazov, V.Y., Pudovkina, Z.G., Kazakova, M.Y. (1970) Tadzhikite, a new borosilicate of the rare earths of the hellandite group. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 195: 1190-1193.; Fleischer, M. (1971) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 56: 1838-1840.; Chernitsova, N.M., Pudovkina, Z.V., Pyatenko, Y.A. (1982) About the crystal structure of tadzhikite {(Ca,Tr)4(Y,Tr)2(Ti,Fe,Al)(O,OH)2[Si4B4O22]}. Soviet Physics - Doklady: 27: 367-368.
Tainiolite
Formula: KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Reference: Pautov, L.A. (2003) Pabstite from the Dara-i-Poiz Moraine (Tadjikistan). New Data on Minerals. Moscow: 38: 15-19.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Zuoheng Zhang, Wei Hong, Zongsheng Jiang, Shigang Duan, Zhihua Wang, Fengming Li, Fupin Shi, Jun Zhao, and Renqiao Zheng (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 941-964
Tangeite
Formula: CaCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: V.Y. Karpenko et al.: Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 133(2):59-68 (2004)
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: http://www.chinamining.org/Facts/2006-10-10/1160464384d1491.html
'Tantalo-niobate'
Reference: Djenchuraeva, R. D., Borisov, F. I., Pak, N. T., & Malyukova, N. N. (2008). Metallogeny and geodynamics of the Aktiuz–Boordu mining district, northern Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 32(2-4), 280-299.
'Taramite Root Name Group'
Formula: A(CaNa)(Z2+3Z3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: Xin Liu, Wen Su, Jun Gao, Jilei Li, and Tuo Jiang (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(5), 1675-1684
Taranakite
Formula: (K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Reference: V.I. Stepanov data
Tellurantimony
Formula: Sb2Te3
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.
Tellurite
Formula: TeO2
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Habit: Crystal fragments to 8cm
Colour: gray
Reference: Dmitriy I. Belakovskiy (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 101-112.; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Telyushenkoite (TL)
Formula: (Cs,Na,K)Na6[Be2Al3Si15O39]F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C. (2003) Telyushenkoite CsNa6[Be2(Si,A1,Zn)18O39F2] - a new cesium mineral of the leifite group. New Data on Minerals. Moscow: 38: 5-8.
'Tennantite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4 C2+2)As4S12S
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Wuhan Huaze Science & Technology Development Co. Ltd., 2007
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Terlinguaite
Formula: [Hg3]4+Hg2+Cl2O2
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4 C2+2)Sb4S12S
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup var. Argentian Tetrahedrite'
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Bo Zheng, Jinguo Zhang, Gang Chen, and Yongfeng Zhu (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(6), 1117-1138
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Reference: Badalov, S.T. & Golovanov, I.M. (1957): Birunite - a new mineral of the thaumasite group. Doklady Akademii Nauk Uzbekistan SSR, 12, 17-21 (in Russian).
Thénardite
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Starik, I. E., Kravchenko, L. L. and Melikova, O. S. (1941), Doklady AN SSSR 32, N4, 254
Thorite var. Ferrithorite
Formula: (Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
Reference: Starik, I. E., Kravchenko, L. L. and Melikova, O. S. (1941), Doklady AN SSSR 32, N4, 254
Thorite var. Thorogummite
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Reference: Topper, W., Ditz, R., Sarbas, B. & Schubert, P. (2013). Th Thorium: Natural Occurrence. Minerals (Excluding Silicates). Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Thorutite (TL)
Formula: (Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Type Locality:
Reference: ZVMO 87 (1958), 201; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; P.M. Kartashov data; Pekov I.V. New Minerals from Former Soviet Union Countries, 1998-2006 // Mineralogical Almanac, Vol. 11.
Tienshanite (TL)
Formula: KNa3Na6Ca2Ba6Mn6(Ti4+,Nb)6B12Si36O114(O,OH,F)11
Type Locality:
Reference: Dusmatov, V.D., Efimov, A.F., Alkhazov, V.Y., Kazakova, M.E., Mumyatskaya, N.G. (1967) Tienshanite — a new mineral. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 177: 678-680.; Karpenko, V., & Pautov, L. (2002). Formation of baotite in alcaline rocks of a moraine of Dara-i-Pioz glacier, Tadjikistan. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Monatshefte: 2002(10): 459-467.
Tin
Formula: Sn
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Titanite var. Stanniferous Titanite
Formula: Ca(Ti,Sn)SiO5
Reference: Reguir, E.P., Chakhmouradian, A.R., Evdokimov, M.D. (1998) Unusual Zr- and Sn-rich titanite in association with baratovite and zircon from the Dara-i-Pioz complex, Tajikistan. 17th General Meeting, Abstract and Programs, IMA. Aug. 9–14, 1998. Toronto, Canada: A110.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Treasurite
Formula: Ag7Pb6Bi15S32
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Tremolite
Formula: ◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Zuoheng Zhang, Wei Hong, Zongsheng Jiang, Shigang Duan, Zhihua Wang, Fengming Li, Fupin Shi, Jun Zhao, and Renqiao Zheng (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 941-964; Wei Hong, Zuoheng Zhang, Huaqin Li, Fengming Li, and Xingzhong Liu (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 1067-1074
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Sharygin, V.V., Sokol, E.V. and Belakovskii, D.I. (2009): Fayalite-sekaninaite paralava from the Ravat coal fire (central Tajikistan). Russian Geology and Geophysics 50, 703-721.
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Tripuhyite
Formula: Fe3+Sb5+O4
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Trögerite
Formula: (H3O)(UO2)(AsO4) · 3H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N. V., Sidorenko, G. A., Naumova, I. S., Zadov, A. E., Kuz’min, V. I. (2006): Chistyakovaite, a new mineral Al(UO2)2(AsO4)2(F,OH)·6.5H2O. Transactions (Doklady) of the Russian Academy of Sciences/Earth Science Section 407, 290-293
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Tschermigite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Lukasz Kruszewski (PXRD)
Tsumoite
Formula: BiTe
Reference: Il'ina, L. I.; Rakhmanova, N. V.; Shumskaya, N. I.; Yakovleva, O. A. (1990): Some rare minerals of the Kochbulak ore deposit. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 119(6), 87-92 (in Russian). ["sulfotsumoite"]; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.; Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Tuhualite
Formula: NaFe2+Fe3+Si6O15
Reference: L.A. Pautov data
Turkestanite (TL)
Formula: (K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Reference: [Zap. Vser. Mineral. Obshchest. 126 (6), 45; Min; Rec 31:204]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Turquoise
Formula: CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Tvalchrelidzeite
Formula: Hg3SbAsS3
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]; Am Min 74:949; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Twinnite
Formula: Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Tyrolite
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Tyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Ulexite
Formula: NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
'UM1971-07-S:AgBiCuPb'
Formula: Pb(Cu,Ag)2.2Bi4.6S7.7
Reference: Lur'ye, R.M., Shadlun, T.N., Ugaste, Yu.A., Vyal'son, L.N. (1971): Lead, silver and copper sulfobismuthide from the benjarninite-pavonite group in Kaptarkhan ore deposit, East Karamazar, Central Asia. Int. Geol. Rev.: 13: 1628-1641; in: Fleischer, M. (1972): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 57: 1311-1317
'UM1973-19-S:FePb'
Formula: Fe-Pb-S
Reference: Dunin-Barkovskaya, E.A., Luren, V.V. (1973): A new sulfide of iron and lead in kobellite from the Ustarasai deposit. Issled. Oblast Rudnyi Mineral.: 156-159 (in Russian); in: Fleischer, M. (1974): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 59: 1140
'UM1982-14-Si:CrFeTi'
Formula: (Cr,Fe,Ti)3Si
Reference: Yusupov, R.G., Dzhenchuraev, D.D., Radzhabov, F.F. (1982): Accessory native chromium and a natural compound of the series Fe-Cr-Si in rocks of the Gavasai ore field. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Kirgiz SSR (1982): 5: 25-26 (in Russian); in: Dunn, P.J., Grice, J.D., Fleischer, M., Pabst, A.(1984): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 214 (abstract)
'UM1983-10-S:BiSe'
Formula: Bi2SeS
Reference: Spiridonov, E.M., Badalov, A.S. (1983): New sulfo-selenotellurides and sulfoselenides of bismuth of the Kairagach deposit, eastern Uzbekistan. Uzbek Geol. Zhurnal: 6: 82-84 (in Russian); in: Dunn, P.J., Fleischer, M., Langley, R.H., Shigley, J.E., Zilczer, J.A. (1985): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 70: 878 [abstract]
'UM1983-11-S:BiSeTe'
Formula: ~Bi4Te3(S,Se)2
Reference: Spiridonov, E.M., Badalov, A.S. (1983): New sulfo-selenotellurides and sulfoselenides of bismuth of the Kairagach deposit, eastern Uzbekistan. Uzbek Geol. Zhurnal: 6: 82-84 (in Russian); in: Dunn, P.J., Fleischer, M., Langley, R.H., Shigley, J.E., Zilczer, J.A. (1985): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 70: 878 [abstract]
'UM1983-29-Te:BiSSe'
Formula: Bi3(Te,Se,S)2
Reference: Spiridonov, E.M., Badalov, A.S. (1983): New sulfo-selenotellurides and sulfoselenides of bismuth of the Kairagach deposit, eastern Uzbekistan. Uzbek Geol. Zhurnal: 6: 82-84 (in Russian); in: Dunn, P.J., Fleischer, M., Langley, R.H., Shigley, J.E., Zilczer, J.A. (1985): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 70: 878 [abstract]
'UM1984-22-S:AsCuSbSn'
Formula: Cu4(Sn,As,Sb)S5
Reference: Kovalenker, V.A., Geinke, V.R. (1984): A new Cu-Sn-Bi-Se type of mineralization in the Kuramin subzone of central Tien Shan. Izvest. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. geol.: 5: 91-104 (in Russian); in: Dunn, P.J., Fleischer, F., Langley, R.H., Shigley, J.E., Zilczer, J.A. (1985): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 70: 880
'UM1984-24-S:BiCuPbSe'
Formula: PbCu7Bi11(S,Se)21
Reference: Kovalenker, V.A., Geinke, V.R. (1984): A new Cu-Sn-Bi-Se type of mineralization in the Kuramin subzone of central Tien Shan. Izvest. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. geol.: 5: 91-104 (in Russian); in: Dunn, P.J., Fleischer, F., Langley, R.H., Shigley, J.E., Zilczer, J.A. (1985): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 70: 880
'UM1984-25-S:BiCuSe'
Formula: Cu3+xBi5-x(S,Se)9
Reference: Kovalenker, V.A., Geinke, V.R. (1984): A new Cu-Sn-Bi-Se type of mineralization in the Kuramin subzone of central Tien Shan. Izvest. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. geol.: 5: 91-104 (in Russian); in: Dunn, P.J., Fleischer, F., Langley, R.H., Shigley, J.E., Zilczer, J.A. (1985): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 70: 880
'UM1985-10-S:AgBiPb'
Formula: PbAg4Bi4S9
Reference: Bortnikov, N.S., Kovalenker, V.A., Safonov, Yu.G., Troneva, N.V., Laputina, I.P., Razdolina, N.V. (1985): Paragenetic associations and conditions of formation of Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi-sulfosalts in the Kanimansur ore field. Izvestiya Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Geol. 1985(9): 65-75 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Puziewicz, J., Vanko, D.A. (1988): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 73: 443
'UM1985-11-S:AgBiPb'
Formula: PbAg4Bi6S12
Reference: Bortnikov, N.S., Kovalenker, V.A., Safonov, Yu.G., Troneva, N.V., Laputina, I.P., Razdolina, N.V. (1985): Paragenetic associations and conditions of formation of Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi-sulfosalts in the Kanimansur ore field. Izvestiya Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Geol. 1985(9): 65-75 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Puziewicz, J., Vanko, D.A. (1988): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 73: 443
'UM1985-12-S:AgBiPb'
Formula: PbAg12Bi12S25
Reference: Bortnikov, N.S., Kovalenker, V.A., Safonov, Yu.G., Troneva, N.V., Laputina, I.P., Razdolina, N.V. (1985): Paragenetic associations and conditions of formation of Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi-sulfosalts in the Kanimansur ore field. Izvestiya Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Geol. 1985(9): 65-75 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Puziewicz, J., Vanko, D.A. (1988): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 73: 443
'UM1987-06-S:AgBiPb'
Formula: AgPbBiS3
Reference: Bonnikov, N.S., Laputina, I., Safonov, Yu.G. (1987): A new group of minerals in the system Ag-Pb-Bi-S from the Kanimansur ore field (Karamazar). Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR: 292: 1235-1238 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Puziewicz, J., Vanko, D.A. (1988): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 73: 444
'UM1987-07-S:AgBiPb'
Formula: Ag2Pb3Bi2S7
Reference: Bonnikov, N.S., Laputina, I., Safonov, Yu.G. (1987): A new group of minerals in the system Ag-Pb-Bi-S from the Kanimansur ore field (Karamazar). Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR: 292: 1235-1238 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Puziewicz, J., Vanko, D.A. (1988): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 73: 444
'UM1987-08-S:AgBiPb'
Formula: Ag3Pb7Bi3S13
Reference: Bonnikov, N.S., Laputina, I., Safonov, Yu.G. (1987): A new group of minerals in the system Ag-Pb-Bi-S from the Kanimansur ore field (Karamazar). Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR: 292: 1235-1238 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Puziewicz, J., Vanko, D.A. (1988): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 73: 444
'UM1989-33-SiO:BaHMnTi'
Formula: BaMn2TiOSi2O7(OH)2
Reference: Sokolova, E.V., Egorov-Tismenko, Yu.K., Pautov, L.A., Belakovskii, D.I.(1989): On the structure of the natural barium titanosilicate BaMn2TiO[Si2O7](OH)2-A member of the seidozerite-nacaphite homologous series. Zapiski Vses. Mineralog. Obshch.: 118(4): 81-84 (in Russian). [Abs. in: Jambor, J.L., Vanko, D.A. (1991): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 76: 1439; http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM76/AM76_1434.pdf]
'UM1990-73-SiO:KMnNaZn'
Formula: (K,Na)2Zn3Mn1.5Si12O30
Reference: Nadezhina, T.N., Sokolova, E.V., Belakovskii, D.L. (1990): The crystal structure of K(K0.58Na0.42)2Zn3Mn1.5[Si12O30] - A new natural representative of the milarite structural type. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR: 313(4), 865-868 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Vanko, D.A. (1991): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 77: 451-452
'UM1991-05-CO:BiCaCl'
Formula: Ca(BiO)Cl(CO3)
Reference: Novgorodova, M.I., Generalov, M.Ye., Gorshkov, A.I., Sivtsov, A.V., Uspenskiy, Ye.I (1991) Association of native gold with bismuthyl carbonates and tellurates. Izvestiya Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Geol.: 4: 102-108 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S. (1993): New mineral Names. :merican Mineralogist: 78: 234
'Unnamed (Ag-Pb-Bi Sulphosalt II)'
Formula: Ag2Pb3Bi2S7
Reference: Moralev, G.V., and Miklyev, V.I. (1994): Dokl. Ross. Akad. Nauk 338, 802-805; Moralev, G.V., and Shatagin, K.N. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 405-413.
'Unnamed (As Sulphides)'
Formula: As4S4+x
Reference: L. Bindi, G. Pratesi, M. Muniz-Miranda, M. Zoppi, L. Chela‑ zzi, G.O. Lepore and S. Menchetti (2015) From ancient pigments to modern optoelectronic applications of arsenic sulfides: bonazziite, the natural analogue of β-As4S4 from Khaidarkan deposit, Kyrgyzstan. Mineralogical Magazine, 79(1), 121–131
'Unnamed (Au-Ag-Sb Sulphide)'
Formula: Au3Ag4Sb10S12
Reference: Bo Zheng, Jinguo Zhang, Gang Chen, and Yongfeng Zhu (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(6), 1117-1138
Uramarsite (TL)
Formula: (NH4,H3O)2(UO2)2(AsO4,PO4)2 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Sidorenko, G.A., Chukanov, N.V., Chistyakova, N.I., Bebeshko, G.I., Zadov, A.E., Naumova, I.S. (2007): Uramarsite (NH4, H3O)2(UO2)2(AsO4,PO4)2•6H2O: A new mineral of the metaautunite group. Transactions (Doklady) of the Russian Academy of Sciences/Earth Science Section, 415A, 965-969.
Uramphite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Nekrasova, Z.A. (1957) Hydrous phosphate of uranyl and ammonium (uramphite), NH4(UO2)(PO4).3H2O. Problems of uranium geology, 67–72. (in Russian)
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Xiyang Zhu, Xinjian Peng, Yunliang Wang, Chengjiang Zhang, Zhichang Wang, Jinping Wang, and Jianhua Liu (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(4), 443-451
Uraninite var. Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Reference: Xiyang Zhu, Xinjian Peng, Yunliang Wang, Chengjiang Zhang, Zhichang Wang, Jinping Wang, and Jianhua Liu (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(4), 443-451
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy.
'Ursilite' (FRL)
Formula: Mg4(UO2)4(Si2O5)5.5(OH)5 · 13H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Ustarasite (TL)
Formula: Pb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
Type Locality:
Reference: Sakharova, M. S. (1955): Bismuth sulfosalts of Ustarasaisk deposit. Trudy Mineralogicheskogo Muzeya, Akademiya Nauk SSSR (1955), 7, 112-126 (in Russian).; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Uytenbogaardtite
Formula: Ag3AuS2
Reference: Eleonora A. Dunin-Barkovskaya, Umid K. Aripov, L.A. Tsoy, M.A. Kim (2005) Mineralogical features and ore-forming conditions of goldbearing deposits of Uzbekistan. GEOCHMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY 43 SOFIA pp 69-74
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Karpenko, V.Yu. et al. Zapiski RMO 138(1)83(2009)
Varlamoffite
Formula: (Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Fleischer M, Cabri L J, Chao G Y, Mandarino J A, Pabst A (1982) New mineral names. American Mineralogist 67, 1074-1082
Velikite (TL)
Formula: Cu2HgSnS4
Reference: [Kristallografiya,(1977) 22, 175-177; Lapis 11:11-24]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Vésigniéite
Formula: BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Fuquan Yang, Huijuan Deng, Haodong Xia, Boyong Ma, and Liben Wang (2003): Xinjiang Geology 21(4), 426-432
Vikingite
Formula: Ag5Pb8Bi13S30
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Vismirnovite (TL)
Formula: Zn[Sn(OH)6]
Reference: ZVMO,(1981) 110, 492-500; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Vistepite (TL)
Formula: SnMn4B2Si4O16(OH)2
Type Locality:
Description: Found in rhodonite ores localized in biotite-quartz hornfels at the exocontact of the Inyl'chek Sn-bearing granite massif.
Reference: Pautov L.A., Belakovskii D.I., Skala R. e.a. Vistepite MnSnB2Si5O20 - a new borosilicate of manganese and tin, - ZVMO, 1992, 121, no. 4, 107-112; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Pautov L.A., Belakovskii D.I., Baimagambetov B.K. Sulvanite: revision of specimens from museum funds and litherature data, new occurrence in South-Eastern Kirgizia, - Novye dannye o mineralah, Moscow, Nauka, 1989, v.36, p.91-100.
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Reference: PXRD (Lukasz Kruszewski)
Volynskite
Formula: AgBiTe2
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Vulcanite
Formula: CuTe
Reference: Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.
'Wad'
Formula: Mn, O, H
Reference: Filippov, A. G., & TSIBANOV, V. (2013). Kan-i-Gut Cave Mine in Kyrgyzstan/La Grotta Miniera di Kan-i-Gut in Kyrgyzstan. Mine Caves/Grotte di Miniera. Memorie Instituto Italiano di Speleologia, 79-95.
Wagnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Reference: [DAN-SSSR (1951) 77/1, 97-100; Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p126]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Wagnerite var. Magniotriplite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)2PO4F
Reference: [DAN-SSSR (1951) 77/1, 97-100; Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p126]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Wakabayashilite
Formula: [(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Weissite
Formula: Cu2-xTe
Reference: Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.; Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C. (2004) Maleevite, BaB2Si2O8, and pekovite, SrB2Si2O8, new mineral species from the Dara-i-Pioz alkaline massif, Northern Tajikistan: description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 107-119.
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
Woodhouseite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Karpenko, V.Yu. et al. Zapiski RMO 138(1)83(2009)
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9
Wulfenite var. Chromium-bearing Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(Mo,Cr)O4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Xanthochroite'
Formula: CdS
Reference: Enikeev, M. R. (1970): Find of hawleyite. Zapiski Uzbekistanskogo Otdeleniya Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, No. 23, 112-114.; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: no reference
Yuanjiangite
Formula: AuSn
Reference: GEOCHMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • 4 3 • SOFIA pp 69-74
Yusupovite (TL)
Formula: Na2Zr(Si6O15) · 2.5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Karpenko, V.Y., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Pekov, I.V., Siidra, O.I. (2015) Yusupovite, Na2Zr(Si6O15)(H2O)3, a new mineral species from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif and its implications as a new microporous filter for large ions. American Mineralogist: 100(7): 1502-1508.
Zektzerite
Formula: LiNaZrSi6O15
Fluorescence: SW- bright sky blue
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Ignatenko, K.I. (1992) Zektzerite - occurrence in Tadzhikistan. Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal: 14: 75-78. (in Russian).
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Zeravshanite (TL)
Formula: Na2Cs4Zr3[Si18O45]*2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Uvarova, Yu.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne F.C. (2004) Zeravshanite, Cs4Na2Zr3Si18O45(H2O)2, a new cesium mineral from Dara-i-Pioz massif (Tajikistan). New Data on Minerals: 39: 21-25.
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
'Zinnwaldite'
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Zircon var. Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Reference: no reference
Zircon var. Malacon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Djenchuraeva, R. D., Borisov, F. I., Pak, N. T., & Malyukova, N. N. (2008). Metallogeny and geodynamics of the Aktiuz–Boordu mining district, northern Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 32(2-4), 280-299.
Zirsilite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Na11-12(Ce,Na)3Ca6Mn3Zr3Nb(Si19O55)(Si3O9)2(CO3)(OH)3 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Khomyakov, A.P., Dusmatov, V.D., Ferraris, G., Gula, A., lvaldi, G., Nechelyustov, G.N. (2003) Zirsilite-(Ce), (Na,□)12(Ce,Na)3Ca6Mn3Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(OH)3(CO)3·H2O and carbokentbrooksite (Na,□)(Na,Ce)3Ca6Mn3Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(OH)3(CO)3·H2O - two new eudialyte group minerals from Dara-i-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikista. Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 132(5): 40-51.
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Lifei Zhang, Jun Gao, Ekebair, S., and Zongxiu Wang (2001): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 44(1), 85-96; Jianrong Shi, Hong Yang, Fulai Liu, En Meng, Pinghua Liu, Fang Wang, and Jia Cai (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(6), 2251-2264

Gallery:

KZr2Li3Si12O30 Sogdianite (TL)