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Colquiri mine, Colquiri, Inquisivi Province, La Paz, Boliviai
Regional Level Types
Colquiri mineMine
Colquiri- not defined -
Inquisivi ProvinceProvince
La PazDepartment
BoliviaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
17° 23' 30'' South , 67° 7' 31'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Colquiri3,933 (2013)0.3km
Conchamarca234 (2018)35.6km
Colchani1,074 (2012)44.2km
Belen620 (2018)45.1km
Kollpa Khuchu Belen357 (2018)46.0km


Active zinc-tin mine located at 4,200 meters altitude in far southern La Paz department, close to border of Oruro department. Famous in the 1970s for producing the world's best creedite crystals.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


25 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: SUGAKI, A., & KITAKAZE, A. (1988). Tin-bearing minerals from Bolivian polymetallic deposits and their mineralization stages. Mining Geology, 38(211), 419-435.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: SUGAKI, A., & KITAKAZE, A. (1988). Tin-bearing minerals from Bolivian polymetallic deposits and their mineralization stages. Mining Geology, 38(211), 419-435.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Min Rec (1977) 8:52-57; Campbell, D. F. (1947). Geology of the Colquiri tin mine, Bolivia. Economic Geology, 42(1), 1-21.; SUGAKI, A., & KITAKAZE, A. (1988). Tin-bearing minerals from Bolivian polymetallic deposits and their mineralization stages. Mining Geology, 38(211), 419-435.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
Colquiriite (TL)
Formula: CaLi[AlF6]
Type Locality:
Reference: TMPM 27 (1980), 275
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 130.
Cronstedtite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Min Rec (1977) 8:52-57; Campbell, D. F. (1947). Geology of the Colquiri tin mine, Bolivia. Economic Geology, 42(1), 1-21.; SUGAKI, A., & KITAKAZE, A. (1988). Tin-bearing minerals from Bolivian polymetallic deposits and their mineralization stages. Mining Geology, 38(211), 419-435.
Franckeite
Formula: Fe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn4+2Sb2S14
Reference: SUGAKI, A., & KITAKAZE, A. (1988). Tin-bearing minerals from Bolivian polymetallic deposits and their mineralization stages. Mining Geology, 38(211), 419-435.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Reference: Walenta, K., Lehmann, B., & Zwiener, M. (1980). Colquiriit, ein neues Fluoridmineral aus der Zinnlagerstätte von Colquiri in Bolivien. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 27(4), 275-281.; SUGAKI, A., & KITAKAZE, A. (1988). Tin-bearing minerals from Bolivian polymetallic deposits and their mineralization stages. Mining Geology, 38(211), 419-435.
Hocartite
Formula: Ag2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4
Reference: unpublished COMIBOL analysis
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Reference: Walenta, K., Lehmann, B., & Zwiener, M. (1980). Colquiriit, ein neues Fluoridmineral aus der Zinnlagerstätte von Colquiri in Bolivien. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 27(4), 275-281.
Madocite
Formula: Pb19(Sb,As)16S43
Reference: Walenta, K., Lehmann, B., & Zwiener, M. (1980). Colquiriit, ein neues Fluoridmineral aus der Zinnlagerstätte von Colquiri in Bolivien. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 27(4), 275-281.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz); Walenta, K., Lehmann, B., & Zwiener, M. (1980). Colquiriit, ein neues Fluoridmineral aus der Zinnlagerstätte von Colquiri in Bolivien. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 27(4), 275-281.; SUGAKI, A., & KITAKAZE, A. (1988). Tin-bearing minerals from Bolivian polymetallic deposits and their mineralization stages. Mining Geology, 38(211), 419-435.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz); SUGAKI, A., & KITAKAZE, A. (1988). Tin-bearing minerals from Bolivian polymetallic deposits and their mineralization stages. Mining Geology, 38(211), 419-435.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz); Min Rec (1977) 8:52-57
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Campbell, D. F. (1947). Geology of the Colquiri tin mine, Bolivia. Economic Geology, 42(1), 1-21.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz); Min Rec (1977) 8:52-57; Campbell, D. F. (1947). Geology of the Colquiri tin mine, Bolivia. Economic Geology, 42(1), 1-21.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Alfredo Petrov specimen; Walenta, K., Lehmann, B., & Zwiener, M. (1980). Colquiriit, ein neues Fluoridmineral aus der Zinnlagerstätte von Colquiri in Bolivien. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 27(4), 275-281.; SUGAKI, A., & KITAKAZE, A. (1988). Tin-bearing minerals from Bolivian polymetallic deposits and their mineralization stages. Mining Geology, 38(211), 419-435.
Sphalerite var: Marmatite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
Teallite
Formula: PbSnS2
Reference: SUGAKI, A., & KITAKAZE, A. (1988). Tin-bearing minerals from Bolivian polymetallic deposits and their mineralization stages. Mining Geology, 38(211), 419-435.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz); SUGAKI, A., & KITAKAZE, A. (1988). Tin-bearing minerals from Bolivian polymetallic deposits and their mineralization stages. Mining Geology, 38(211), 419-435.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Franckeite2.HF.25bFe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn4+2Sb2S14
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hocartite2.CB.15aAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4
Madocite2.LB.30Pb19(Sb,As)16S43
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Marmatite2.CB.05a(Zn,Fe)S
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Teallite2.CD.05PbSnS2
Group 3 - Halides
Colquiriite (TL)3.CB.20CaLi[AlF6]
Creedite3.CG.15Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Gearksutite3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Cronstedtite9.ED.15Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Hocartite2.9.2.6Ag2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
Teallite2.9.10.1PbSnS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Franckeite3.1.4.2Fe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn4+2Sb2S14
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
2.5 < ø < 3
Madocite3.5.7.1Pb19(Sb,As)16S43
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Colquiriite (TL)11.6.3.1CaLi[AlF6]
Gearksutite11.6.8.1Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Hydrokenoralstonite11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Group 12 - COMPOUND HALIDES
Miscellaneous
Creedite12.1.4.1Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Cronstedtite71.1.4.7Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Sphalerite
var: Marmatite
-(Zn,Fe)S
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
H GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
H CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
LiLithium
Li ColquiriiteCaLi[AlF6]
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
O GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
O CassiteriteSnO2
O QuartzSiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
FFluorine
F ColquiriiteCaLi[AlF6]
F CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
F GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
F FluoriteCaF2
F Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AlAluminium
Al ColquiriiteCaLi[AlF6]
Al CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Al GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Al Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
PPhosphorus
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S HocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S GalenaPbS
S Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MadocitePb19(Sb,As)16S43
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S FranckeiteFe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn24+Sb2S14
S TeallitePbSnS2
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca ColquiriiteCaLi[AlF6]
Ca CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Ca GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe HocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe FranckeiteFe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn24+Sb2S14
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As MadocitePb19(Sb,As)16S43
AgSilver
Ag HocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn HocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Sn FranckeiteFe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn24+Sb2S14
Sn TeallitePbSnS2
SbAntimony
Sb MadocitePb19(Sb,As)16S43
Sb FranckeiteFe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn24+Sb2S14
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb MadocitePb19(Sb,As)16S43
Pb FranckeiteFe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn24+Sb2S14
Pb TeallitePbSnS2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Niedermeyer, O.D. (1943) Operations of the Colquiri Tin Mine, Cia. Minera de Oruro. Colquiri, Bolivia. Thesis, School of Mines and Metallurgy of the University of Missouri, 104 pgs. (http://scholarsmine.mst.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1336&context=professional_theses Check 2017)
Campbell, D.F. (1947) Geology of the Colquiri tin mine, Bolivia. Economic Geology: 42(1): 1-21.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

Altiplano PlateTectonic Plate
South AmericaContinent

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