SUPPORT US. If mindat.org is important to you, click here to donate to our Fall 2019 fundraiser!
登录注册
主页关于 MindatMindat手册Mindat的历史版权Who We Are联系我们于 Mindat.org刊登广告
捐赠给 MindatCorporate Sponsorship赞助板页已赞助的板页在 Mindat刊登 广告的广告商于 Mindat.org刊登广告
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe Elements书籍及杂志
搜索矿物的性质搜索矿物的化学Advanced Locality Search随意显示任何一 种矿物Random Locality使用minID搜索邻近产地Search Articles搜索词汇表更多搜索选项
搜索:
矿物名称:
地区产地名称:
关键字:
 
Mindat手册添加新照片Rate Photos产区编辑报告Coordinate Completion Report添加词汇表项目
Mining Companies统计会员列表Mineral Museums矿物展及活动The Mindat目录表设备设置
照片搜索Photo Galleries今天最新的照片昨天最新的照片用户照片相集过去每日精选照片相集Mineral Photography

Waiotapu (Wai-O-Tapu), Rotorua District, Bay of Plenty Region, New Zealandi
Regional Level Types
Waiotapu (Wai-O-Tapu)- not defined -
Rotorua DistrictDistrict
Bay of Plenty RegionRegion
New ZealandCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
38° 21' 33'' South , 176° 22' 10'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Reporoa595 (2017)8.9km
Rotorua65,901 (2017)26.8km
Murupara1,876 (2011)31.1km
Mamaku751 (2017)38.2km
Kawerau6,702 (2011)40.8km


Waiotapu is characterised by a large area of steaming ground and fumarolic activity associated with collapse craters, mud pools and alteration due to acid-sulfate fluids, which form above the water table.

This thermal activity has declined in the last 60 years but nevertheless is responsible for the noticeable variegated colours of rocks exposed there.
Springs discharging chloride waters lie at the water table and deposit siliceous sinter, but many are diluted by bicarbonate or sulfate waters.

The Champagne Pool is situated in the south-central part of the field and is the only feature from which undiluted chloride waters discharge. (GSNZ)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

26 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Brian Jones and Robin W. Renaut Growth of siliceous spicules in acidic hot springs, Waiotapu geothermal area, North Island, New Zealand Palaios(October 2006), 21(5):406-423
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
'Clays'
Reference: Rod Martin personal collection
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Morris, N. (2005) Gold and Silver. Appleseed Editions Ltd, East Sussex; Pope, J. G., Brown, K. L., McConchie, D. M. (2005) Gold Concentrations in Springs at Waiotapu, New Zealand: Implications for Precious Metal Deposition in Geothermal Systems. Economic Geology. 100 (4): 677–87.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Brian Jones and Robin W. Renaut Growth of siliceous spicules in acidic hot springs, Waiotapu geothermal area, North Island, New Zealand Palaios(October 2006), 21(5):406-423
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Pangilinan, Leticia S. (2005) Geochemical and Hydrological Assessment of Thermal Features in the Vicinity of the Champagne Pool in the Waiotapu Geothermal System. Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2005 Antalya, Turkey, 24-29 April 2005.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Brian Jones and Robin W. Renaut Growth of siliceous spicules in acidic hot springs, Waiotapu geothermal area, North Island, New Zealand Palaios(October 2006), 21(5):406-423
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Reference: Morris, N. (2005) Gold and Silver. Appleseed Editions Ltd, East Sussex.
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Pangilinan, Leticia S. (2005) Geochemical and Hydrological Assessment of Thermal Features in the Vicinity of the Champagne Pool in the Waiotapu Geothermal System. Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2005 Antalya, Turkey, 24-29 April 2005.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Brian Jones and Robin W. Renaut Growth of siliceous spicules in acidic hot springs, Waiotapu geothermal area, North Island, New Zealand Palaios(October 2006), 21(5):406-423
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Champagne_Pool
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Morris, N. (2005) Gold and Silver. Appleseed Editions Ltd, East Sussex.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Champagne_Pool
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
Wairakite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Wairakite9.GB.05Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mordenite77.1.6.1(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Wairakite77.1.1.3Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Natroalunite-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O CalciteCaCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O CristobaliteSiO2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Na NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S SulphurS8
S BaryteBaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S OrpimentAs2S3
S StibniteSb2S3
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As OrpimentAs2S3
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
HgMercury
Hg MercuryHg
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Economic Geology (1985) 80: 1640-1668.
Pangilinan, Leticia S. (2005) Geochemical and Hydrological Assessment of Thermal Features in the Vicinity of the Champagne Pool in the Waiotapu Geothermal System. Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2005 Antalya, Turkey, 24-29 April 2005.

External Links


Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

New Zealand

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
版权所有© mindat.org1993年至2019年,除了规定的地方。 Mindat.org全赖于全球数千个以上成员和支持者们的参与。
隐私政策 - 条款和条款细则 - 联络我们 Current server date and time: 2019.12.6 17:50:43 Page generated: 2019.9.19 09:31:40
Go to top of page