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Milos Island, Milos, South Aegean, Greecei
Regional Level Types
Milos IslandIsland
MilosRegional Unit
South AegeanAdministrative Region
GreeceCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Adámas1,347 (2015)
Triovasálos838 (2015)
Mílos819 (2015)
Pláka749 (2014)
Péran Triovasálos649 (2015)
Trypití540 (2016)
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Melos
Name(s) in local language(s):
Μήλος, Κυκλάδες, Ελλάδα


Milos, Kimolos and the smaller islands that surround them belong to the Aegean volcanic arc and consist mainly of acidic volcanic rocks.

The stratigraphy of Milos Island is composed, from the bottom to the top, by altered crystalline metamorphic basement, Neogene sediments, old volcanic tuffaceous formations, ignimbrites, old rhyolitic rocks, old dacitic and andesitic members, pyroclastic rocks, younger tuffs, lahar in different
places, younger volcanics of acid composition and quaternary formations. Regarding its geological characteristics, the intensively eroded crystalline metamorphic basement appears in a very limited area (SE coastline). A not continuous series of Mio–Pliocenic marine sediments is lying above the crystalline basement; it begins with reddish conglomerates and ends up with well-bedded limestones, which at places turn to sandstones (Fytikas, 1989).

From Upper Pliocene Milos was affected by an extensive volcanism, which lasted until late Quaternary (Fytikas et al., 1986). The composition of Milos volcanic rocks shows a calcalkaline character ranging from andesites to rhyolites. The youngest Upper Pleistocene volcanic activity is concentrated in correspondence of the volcanic centres of Fyriplaka in the south and Trachilas in the north. In Trachilas the explosive activity began with the formation of a tuff ring mainly composed by pyroclastic surges; the surge deposits gradually pass to block and lapilli and finally to lava flows (Fytikas et al., 1986; Mitropoulos et al., 1987; Kelepertzis & Kyriakopoulos, 1991; Kyriakopoulos, 1998). In the Fyriplaka area at least two tuff rings can be identified: a larger one (about 1500 m in internal diameter) and an inner and smaller one. The explosive activity leading to the formation of these tuff rings alternated with effusive episodes producing lava flows which ran to the NW and reached the sea inside the Gulf of Milos (Fytikas et al., 1986).

Although Milos Island is not currently volcanically active, it is the site of intense old and recent hydrothermal processes. At the present time a high geothermal gradient (> 2,5 H.F.U.) occur. The high heat flow caused intense hydrothermal activity, which is responsible for many phreatic explosions. In
some places (e.g. Fyriplaka, Adamas, Aghia Kyriaki, and Paleochori) the hydrothermal activity is expressed by the occurrence of many hot springs (30-85°C), fumaroles (98-102°C), hot grounds (100°C at a depth of 30-40 cm) and submarine gas emissions, widespread on and around the island (Kyriakopoulos, 2010).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

58 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Hoffman, C. & Keller, J. (1979): Xenoliths of lawsonite-ferroglaucophane rocks from a Quaternary volcano of Milos (Aegean Sea, Greece). Lithos, 12, 209-219.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: KILIAS, S. P. (2012). MICROBIAL MAT–RELATED STRUCTURES IN THE QUATERNARY CAPE VANI MANGANESE-OXIDE (-BARITE) DEPOSIT, NW MILOS ISLAND, GREECE. Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication, 101, 97-100.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Hall, A. J., Fallick, A. E., Perdikatsis, V., & Photos-Jones, E. (2003). A model for the origin of Al-rich efflorescences near fumaroles, Melos, Greece: enhanced weathering in a geothermal setting. Mineralogical Magazine, 67(2), 363-379.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Alfieris, D., & Voudouris, P. (2005). Ore mineralogy of transitional submarine to subaerial magmatic-hydrothermal deposits in W. Milos, Greece. Au-Ag-Te–Se deposits, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 43Sofia, 1-6
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: KILIAS, S. P. (2012). MICROBIAL MAT–RELATED STRUCTURES IN THE QUATERNARY CAPE VANI MANGANESE-OXIDE (-BARITE) DEPOSIT, NW MILOS ISLAND, GREECE. Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication, 101, 97-100.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: Hein, J. R.; Stamatakis, M. G.; Dowling, J. S. (2000): Trace metal-rich Quaternary hydrothermal manganese oxide and barite deposit, Milos Island, Greece. Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 109, B67-B76.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Kilias, S.P., Naden, J., Cheliotis, I., Shepherd, T.J., Constandinidou, H., Crossing, J., and Simos, I. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 32-44.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Kilias, S.P., Naden, J., Cheliotis, I., Shepherd, T.J., Constandinidou, H., Crossing, J., and Simos, I. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 32-44.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Kilias, S.P., Naden, J., Cheliotis, I., Shepherd, T.J., Constandinidou, H., Crossing, J., and Simos, I. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 32-44.
'Clays'
Reference: KILIAS, S. P. (2012). MICROBIAL MAT–RELATED STRUCTURES IN THE QUATERNARY CAPE VANI MANGANESE-OXIDE (-BARITE) DEPOSIT, NW MILOS ISLAND, GREECE. Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication, 101, 97-100.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Reference: Papavasiliou, K., Voudouris, P., Kanellopoulos, C., Alfieris, D., & Xydous, S. (2016) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Triades-Galana Pb-Zn-Ag-Au Intermediate-High Sulfidation Epithermal Deposit, Milos Island, Greece. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, vol. L, Proceedings of the 14th Intern. Congress, Thessaloniki, May 2016
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: Kilias, S.P., Naden, J., Cheliotis, I., Shepherd, T.J., Constandinidou, H., Crossing, J., and Simos, I. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 32-44.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Reference: Papavasiliou, K., Voudouris, P., Kanellopoulos, C., Alfieris, D., & Xydous, S. (2016) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Triades-Galana Pb-Zn-Ag-Au Intermediate-High Sulfidation Epithermal Deposit, Milos Island, Greece. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, vol. L, Proceedings of the 14th Intern. Congress, Thessaloniki, May 2016
Ferro-glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Hoffman, C. & Keller, J. (1979): Xenoliths of lawsonite-ferroglaucophane rocks from a Quaternary volcano of Milos (Aegean Sea, Greece). Lithos, 12, 209-219.
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Glass'
Reference: KILIAS, S. P. (2012). MICROBIAL MAT–RELATED STRUCTURES IN THE QUATERNARY CAPE VANI MANGANESE-OXIDE (-BARITE) DEPOSIT, NW MILOS ISLAND, GREECE. Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication, 101, 97-100.
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Reference: KILIAS, S. P. (2012). MICROBIAL MAT–RELATED STRUCTURES IN THE QUATERNARY CAPE VANI MANGANESE-OXIDE (-BARITE) DEPOSIT, NW MILOS ISLAND, GREECE. Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication, 101, 97-100.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Alfieris, D., & Voudouris, P. (2005). Ore mineralogy of transitional submarine to subaerial magmatic-hydrothermal deposits in W. Milos, Greece. Au-Ag-Te–Se deposits, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 43Sofia, 1-6
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: KILIAS, S. P. (2012). MICROBIAL MAT–RELATED STRUCTURES IN THE QUATERNARY CAPE VANI MANGANESE-OXIDE (-BARITE) DEPOSIT, NW MILOS ISLAND, GREECE. Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication, 101, 97-100.
'Hollandite Supergroup'
Formula: A2+[M4+6M3+2]O16
Reference: Ivarsson, M., Kilias, S. P., Broman, C., Naden, J., & Detsi, K. (2010). Fossilized microorganisms preserved as fluid inclusions in epithermal veins, Vani Mn-Ba deposit, Milos Island, Greece.
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Reference: Kilias, S.P., Naden, J., Cheliotis, I., Shepherd, T.J., Constandinidou, H., Crossing, J., and Simos, I. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 32-44.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Lawsonite
Formula: CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Hoffman, C. & Keller, J. (1979): Xenoliths of lawsonite-ferroglaucophane rocks from a Quaternary volcano of Milos (Aegean Sea, Greece). Lithos, 12, 209-219.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Kilias, S.P., Naden, J., Cheliotis, I., Shepherd, T.J., Constandinidou, H., Crossing, J., and Simos, I. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 32-44.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Manganese'
Formula: Mn
Reference: KILIAS, S. P. (2012). MICROBIAL MAT–RELATED STRUCTURES IN THE QUATERNARY CAPE VANI MANGANESE-OXIDE (-BARITE) DEPOSIT, NW MILOS ISLAND, GREECE. Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication, 101, 97-100.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Kilias, S.P., Naden, J., Cheliotis, I., Shepherd, T.J., Constandinidou, H., Crossing, J., and Simos, I. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 32-44.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 620.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Kilias, S.P., Naden, J., Cheliotis, I., Shepherd, T.J., Constandinidou, H., Crossing, J., and Simos, I. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 32-44.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Alfieris, D., & Voudouris, P. (2005). Ore mineralogy of transitional submarine to subaerial magmatic-hydrothermal deposits in W. Milos, Greece. Au-Ag-Te–Se deposits, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 43Sofia, 1-6
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Reference: Papavasiliou, K., Voudouris, P., Kanellopoulos, C., Alfieris, D., & Xydous, S. (2016) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Triades-Galana Pb-Zn-Ag-Au Intermediate-High Sulfidation Epithermal Deposit, Milos Island, Greece. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, vol. L, Proceedings of the 14th Intern. Congress, Thessaloniki, May 2016
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Papavasiliou, K., Voudouris, P., Kanellopoulos, C., Alfieris, D., & Xydous, S. (2016) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Triades-Galana Pb-Zn-Ag-Au Intermediate-High Sulfidation Epithermal Deposit, Milos Island, Greece. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, vol. L, Proceedings of the 14th Intern. Congress, Thessaloniki, May 2016
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Papavasiliou, K., Voudouris, P., Kanellopoulos, C., Alfieris, D., & Xydous, S. (2016) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Triades-Galana Pb-Zn-Ag-Au Intermediate-High Sulfidation Epithermal Deposit, Milos Island, Greece. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, vol. L, Proceedings of the 14th Intern. Congress, Thessaloniki, May 2016
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Hoffman, C. & Keller, J. (1979): Xenoliths of lawsonite-ferroglaucophane rocks from a Quaternary volcano of Milos (Aegean Sea, Greece). Lithos, 12, 209-219.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Papavasiliou, K., Voudouris, P., Kanellopoulos, C., Alfieris, D., & Xydous, S. (2016) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Triades-Galana Pb-Zn-Ag-Au Intermediate-High Sulfidation Epithermal Deposit, Milos Island, Greece. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, vol. L, Proceedings of the 14th Intern. Congress, Thessaloniki, May 2016
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: KILIAS, S. P. (2012). MICROBIAL MAT–RELATED STRUCTURES IN THE QUATERNARY CAPE VANI MANGANESE-OXIDE (-BARITE) DEPOSIT, NW MILOS ISLAND, GREECE. Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication, 101, 97-100.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: No reference listed
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Ramsdellite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: ClayMin 32:253 (1997)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: Hoffman, C. & Keller, J. (1979): Xenoliths of lawsonite-ferroglaucophane rocks from a Quaternary volcano of Milos (Aegean Sea, Greece). Lithos, 12, 209-219.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Baltatzis, E., Valsami-Jones, E., Magganas, A., Kati, M. (2001) Tamarugite from Milos island, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte, 8, 371-377.
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: Papavasiliou, K., Voudouris, P., Kanellopoulos, C., Alfieris, D., & Xydous, S. (2016) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Triades-Galana Pb-Zn-Ag-Au Intermediate-High Sulfidation Epithermal Deposit, Milos Island, Greece. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, vol. L, Proceedings of the 14th Intern. Congress, Thessaloniki, May 2016
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Kilias, S.P., Naden, J., Cheliotis, I., Shepherd, T.J., Constandinidou, H., Crossing, J., and Simos, I. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 32-44.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
'Tetrahedrite var: Argentian Tetrahedrite'
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Papavasiliou, K., Voudouris, P., Kanellopoulos, C., Alfieris, D., & Xydous, S. (2016) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Triades-Galana Pb-Zn-Ag-Au Intermediate-High Sulfidation Epithermal Deposit, Milos Island, Greece. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, vol. L, Proceedings of the 14th Intern. Congress, Thessaloniki, May 2016
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: KILIAS, S. P. (2012). MICROBIAL MAT–RELATED STRUCTURES IN THE QUATERNARY CAPE VANI MANGANESE-OXIDE (-BARITE) DEPOSIT, NW MILOS ISLAND, GREECE. Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication, 101, 97-100.
Vernadite
Formula: (Mn4+,Fe3+,Ca,Na)(O,OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: KILIAS, S. P. (2012). MICROBIAL MAT–RELATED STRUCTURES IN THE QUATERNARY CAPE VANI MANGANESE-OXIDE (-BARITE) DEPOSIT, NW MILOS ISLAND, GREECE. Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication, 101, 97-100.
'Wad'
Description: Barite occurs in the manganese pits and elsewhere around this area as white crystals up to 5cm.
Reference: Ivarsson, M., Kilias, S. P., Broman, C., Naden, J., & Detsi, K. (2010). Fossilized microorganisms preserved as fluid inclusions in epithermal veins, Vani Mn-Ba deposit, Milos Island, Greece.
Watanabeite
Formula: Cu4(As,Sb)2S5
Reference: Papavasiliou, K., Voudouris, P., Kanellopoulos, C., Alfieris, D., & Xydous, S. (2016) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Triades-Galana Pb-Zn-Ag-Au Intermediate-High Sulfidation Epithermal Deposit, Milos Island, Greece. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, vol. L, Proceedings of the 14th Intern. Congress, Thessaloniki, May 2016
'Zincian Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
Reference: Papavasiliou, K., Voudouris, P., Kanellopoulos, C., Alfieris, D., & Xydous, S. (2016) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Triades-Galana Pb-Zn-Ag-Au Intermediate-High Sulfidation Epithermal Deposit, Milos Island, Greece. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, vol. L, Proceedings of the 14th Intern. Congress, Thessaloniki, May 2016

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
'Manganese' ?1.AE.30Mn
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
'var: Argentian Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Watanabeite2.GC.15Cu4(As,Sb)2S5
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Cotunnite3.DC.85PbCl2
Iodargyrite3.AA.10AgI
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Ramsdellite4.DB.15aMn4+O2
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Vernadite4.FE.40(Mn4+,Fe3+,Ca,Na)(O,OH)2 · nH2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Metavoltine7.DF.35Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Tamarugite7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Ferro-glaucophane9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lawsonite9.BE.05CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Glass'-
'Glauconite'-(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
'Hollandite Supergroup'-A2+[M4+6M3+2]O16
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Wad'-
'Zincian Tetrahedrite'-Cu10Zn2Sb4S13

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Pearceite3.1.8.1[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Famatinite3.2.2.2Cu3SbS4
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ø = 3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Watanabeite3.5.15.1Cu4(As,Sb)2S5
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Ramsdellite4.4.7.1Mn4+O2
Vernadite4.4.9.1(Mn4+,Fe3+,Ca,Na)(O,OH)2 · nH2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Romanèchite7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Iodargyrite9.1.5.1AgI
AX2
Cotunnite9.2.7.1PbCl2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Metavoltine29.4.6.1Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Tamarugite29.5.3.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Lawsonite56.2.3.1CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
'Glauconite'71.2.2a.5(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Electrum'-(Au,Ag)
Ferro-glaucophane-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Glass'-
'Hollandite Supergroup'-A2+[M4+6M3+2]O16
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Manganese' ?-Mn
'Manganese Oxides'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Tetrahedrite
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite'
-(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
'Wad'-
'Zincian Tetrahedrite'-Cu10Zn2Sb4S13

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Vernadite(Mn4+,Fe3+,Ca,Na)(O,OH)2 · nH2O
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe32+Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
H LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
H TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MagnesiteMgCO3
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O RamsdelliteMn4+O2
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O TenoriteCuO
O CerussitePbCO3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Hollandite SupergroupA2+[M64+M23+]O16
O Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Vernadite(Mn4+,Fe3+,Ca,Na)(O,OH)2 · nH2O
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe32+Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
O LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O MagnesiteMgCO3
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Na Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Na Vernadite(Mn4+,Fe3+,Ca,Na)(O,OH)2 · nH2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe32+Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe32+Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Al Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Al LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe32+Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Si LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
SSulfur
S SulphurS8
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S MarcasiteFeS2
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S FamatiniteCu3SbS4
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S WatanabeiteCu4(As,Sb)2S5
S Zincian TetrahedriteCu10Zn2Sb4S13
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl CotunnitePbCl2
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Ca Vernadite(Mn4+,Fe3+,Ca,Na)(O,OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Ca LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
MnManganese
Mn CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn RamsdelliteMn4+O2
Mn Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Mn Vernadite(Mn4+,Fe3+,Ca,Na)(O,OH)2 · nH2O
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn ManganeseMn
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Vernadite(Mn4+,Fe3+,Ca,Na)(O,OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe32+Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Fe Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Cu WatanabeiteCu4(As,Sb)2S5
Cu Zincian TetrahedriteCu10Zn2Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn Zincian TetrahedriteCu10Zn2Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
As Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
As WatanabeiteCu4(As,Sb)2S5
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au,Ag)
Ag IodargyriteAgI
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Ag Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Sb FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Sb WatanabeiteCu4(As,Sb)2S5
Sb Zincian TetrahedriteCu10Zn2Sb4S13
IIodine
I IodargyriteAgI
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Ba Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au,Ag)
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb CotunnitePbCl2

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
vom Rath, G. (1887) Die Insel Milos. Sitzungsberichte des Naturhistorichen Vereins der preußischen Rheinlande und Westfalens, 44, 47-66.
Hauck, M. (1984) Die Barytlagerstätten der Inselgruppe Milos/Ägäis (Griechenland). PhD Thesis, University of Karlsruhe, 241 pp.
Fytikas, M., Innocenti, F., Kolios, N., Manetti, P., Mazzuoli, R., Poli, G., Rita, F., and Villari, L., (1986) Volcanology and petrology of volcanic products from the island of Milos and neighbouring islets. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 28, 297-317.
Mitropoulos, P., Tarney, J., Saunders, D., and Marsh, N., (1987) Petrogenesis of cenozoic volcanic rocks from the Aegean Island Arc. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 32, 177-193.
Fytikas, M., (1989) Updating of the geological and geothermal research on Milos Island. Geothermics, 18, 485-496.
Kelepertzis, A. and Kyriakopoulos, K. (1991) Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Mn-mineralization from Vani area of Milos island-its genesis problem. Prakt. Acad. Athens, 66, 107-121.
Kyriakopoulos, K. (1998) K-Ar and Rb-Sr isotopic data of white micas from Milos island geothermal boreholes field. Annales Géologiques des Pays Helléniques, 38, 37-48.
Plimer, I. (2000) Milos geological history. KOAN Publishing House, Athens, 262 pp.
Hall, A.J., Fallick, A.E., Perdikatsis, V., Photos-Jones, E. (2003) A model for the origin of aluminium-rich efflorescences near fumaroles, Melos, Greece: enhanced weathering in a geothermal setting. Mineralogical Magazine 67, 363-379.
Hall, A.J., Photos-Jones, E., McNulty, A., Turner, D., and McRobb, A. (2003) Geothermal activity at the archaeological site of Aghia Kyriaki and its significance to Roman industrial mineral exploitation on Melos, Greece. Geoarchaeology, 18, 333-357.
Ballanti, D., Dietrich, V.J., and Gartzos, E. (2004) Genesis of the bentonite and barite deposits on Milos island, Greece. Mineral Wealth, 130, 7–31.
Alfieris, D., and Voudouris, P. (2005) Ore mineralogy of transitional submarine to subaerial magmatic-hydrothermal deposits in Western Milos, Greece. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Geochemistry Mineralogy and Petrology, Sofia, Bulgaria, IGCP Project, 486.
Hall, A.J., and Photos-Jones, E. (2005) The nature of Melian alumen and its potential for exploitation in antiquity. In: Borgard, P., Brun, J-P., Picon, M. (Eds.) L'Alun de Meditérranée. Colloque International, Naples, Lipari, juin 2003. Naples, Aix-en-Provence: Centre Jean Bérard, 77-84.
Stewart, A.L., and McPhie, J. (2006) Facies architecture and Late Pliocen-Pleistocene evolution of a felsic volcanic island, Milos, Greece. Bulletin of Volcanology, 68 (7-8), 703-726.
Kyriakopoulos, G.P. (2010) Natural degassing of carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulphide and its environmental impact at Milos Island, Greece. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, Proceedings of the 12th International Congress, Patras, May 2010, XLIII, 5, 2361-2372.
Alfieris, D., Voudouris, P., and Spry, P.G. (2013) Shallow submarine epithermal Pb-Zn-Cu-Au-Ag-Te mineralization on western Milos Island, Aegean Volcanic Arc, Greece: Mineralogical, Geological and Geochemical constraints. Ore Geology Reviews, 53, 159-180.

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