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Lower Scerscen Glacier, Scerscen Valley, Lanzada, Sondrio Province, Lombardy, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Lower Scerscen GlacierGlacier
Scerscen ValleyValley
LanzadaMunicipality
Sondrio ProvinceProvince
LombardyRegion
ItalyCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
46° 20' 26'' North , 9° 51' 28'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
Vedretta di Scerscen inferiore, Val Scerscen, Lanzada, Val Lanterna, Valmalenco (Val Malenco), Valtellina, Sondrio, Lombardia, Italia


Dolomite marbles and metaradiolarites, belonging to the sedimentary cover of the Margna nappe, in the area of Lower Scerscen Glacier.
Minerals are found in mineralised fissures in dolomite marbles (mainly along a belt between the elevation mark 3156 m and the proglacial lake impounded by the terminal moraine of the retreating glacier) and manganese-bearing mineralisation in metaradiolarites (along a belt between Pizzo Malenco and the glacier bottom). Numerous mineralised blocks are dispersed in the rock debris and moraines of the upper Scerscen Valley.

Crystalised minerals of the dolomite marble fissures include dolomite, calcite, rutile (acicular crystals up to 2 cm), apatite, fluorite, fengite, goyazite, hematite, and galena.

Components of the manganese mineralisation are rhodonite, spessartine, braunite, carbonates and various accessories. Anatase occurs as yellow tabular crystals in fissures inside quartz schist at the contact with the manganese mineralisation. Among the most interesting minerals of the manganese mineralisation: a Mn-bearing amphibole originally classified as "tirodite" (Bedognè et al, 1993; Stalder et al. 1998) and later as "manganocummingtonite" (Bedognè et al., 2006), as yellow or brown fibrous aggregates and flattened elongated crystals, often grouped in tufts up to 2 cm in length; pyrophanite, as yellow-brown plates and cherry-red to blood-red hexagonal tabular crystals, often grouped in rosettes up to 1 cm in diameter; tiragalloite, as orange to orange-red transparent wedge-like crystals up to severals millimeters in length. It is interesting to remark that the first 4 mm-long tiragalloite crystals were found in an erratic block in 1956, but this mineral was correctly identified only in 1992 by Callegari et al.

Furthermore, dravite crystals are embedded in chlorite-rich quartz schist of the Margna nappe.


Note on the locality name:
some authors (for example Stalder et al, 1998) mention the Piz Scerscen south slope as the approximate locality of the Mn-bearing mineralisation, but this indication should be avoided because it is geographically incorrect. In fact, the Piz Scerscen south slope not only is situated 4.5-6 km NE of the actual outcrops but it also feeds a different glacier, the Upper Scerscen Glacier. The south-facing Upper Scerscen Glacier is bordered by Piz Sella (3506 m), Piz Roseg (3937 m), Piz Scerscen (3971 m), Piz Bernina south summit (4020 m), Cresta Guzza or Crest’Agüzza (3854 m), Piz Argent (3945 m), and Punta Quinto Alpini (3333 m). The east-facing Lower Scerscen Glacier is bordered by Sassa d’Entova (3329 m), Pizzo Malenco (3438 m), Pizzo Tremoggia (3441 m), Piz Glüschaint (3594 m), La Sella (3584 m), I Gemelli or Dschimels (3501 and 3497 m), and Pizzo Sella (3506 m). Once they have been joined, but now they are two separated glaciers.

Note on the Mn-bearing amphibole:
it was classified as “tirodite” (Bedognè et al., 1993) according to the amphibole nomenclature (Leake, 1978) in use at that time. Analyses showed the presence of Na, Fe, and Al. Later, according to a new amphibole nomenclature (Leake et al., 1997), the mineral was attributed to "manganocummingtonite" (Bedognè et al., 2006). After the institution of "parvowinchite" (Leake et al., 1997; Burke and Ferraris, 2003) it was supposed that the above-mentioned amphibole could be ascribed to this species, due to the presence of Na, Fe, and Al (although their amount in the empirical formula does not reach the minimum required threshold). A possible underestimation of the sodium content during the analyses has been inferred. In consequence of the last amphibole nomenclature (Hawthorne et al., 2012), in which the sodium-(magnesium-iron-manganese) amphibole (ex-“tirodite”) is named ferri-ghoseite, the Mn-bearing amphibole from Lower Scerscen Glacier has been tentatively ascribed to this species. New accurate analyses on both the fibrous facies and the idiomorphic crystals allowed to identify the orange mineral as a new species named clino-suenoite (Oberti et al., 2017).

06\07\2020 update: provided coordinates are still approximate (sort of centroid of researches area), .. but at least now in the appropriate place.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


47 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
'Biotite var. Manganophyllite'
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Clino-suenoite (TL)
Formula: □{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Ciriotti, M.E., Revheim, O. and Bracco, R. (2017) Clino-suenoite, IMA 2016-111. CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, page 408; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 403–409. ; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Ferri-ghoseite
Formula: ☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Habit: Acicular crystals to 4 mm
Colour: Orange
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S., Stuker, P. (1998) Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Verlag Wepf & Co. AG, Basel, p. 405. Marco E. Ciriotti new data (2016)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Friedelite
Formula: Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Johannsenite
Formula: CaMn2+Si2O6
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Manganberzeliite
Formula: (NaCa2)Mn2+2(AsO4)3
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Muscovite var. Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp. Bedognè, F. (2011) Microminerali della Valmalenco. Nuove segnalazioni e aggiornamenti. Riv. Mineral. It., 35, 1, 40-45.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Pyroxmangite
Formula: MnSiO3
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Ranciéite ?
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Rhodonite
Formula: CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
Sarkinite
Formula: Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Tiragalloite
Formula: Mn2+4As5+Si3O12(OH)
Reference: Callegari, A., Sciesa, E., Bedognè, F. (1992) Primo ritrovamento di tiragalloite in Valmalenco (Sondrio, Italia Settentrionale). Il Naturalista Valtellinese - Atti Mus. civ. Stor. nat. Morbegno, 3, 3-9. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp. Bedognè, F. (2011) Microminerali della Valmalenco. Nuove segnalazioni e aggiornamenti. Riv. Mineral. It., 35, 1, 40-45.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Bixbyite4.CB.10Mn3+2O3
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Ranciéite ?4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Manganberzeliite8.AC.25(NaCa2)Mn2+2(AsO4)3
Sarkinite8.BB.15Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Clino-suenoite (TL)9.DE.□{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Ferri-ghoseite ?9.DE.20☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Friedelite9.EE.10Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Johannsenite9.DA.15CaMn2+Si2O6
Magnesio-riebeckite9.DE.25◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Phengite9.EC.15KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Piemontite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pyroxmangite9.DO.05MnSiO3
Rhodonite9.DK.05CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Tiragalloite9.BJ.25Mn2+4As5+Si3O12(OH)
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'var. Manganophyllite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Idaite2.9.14.1Cu5FeS6
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Bixbyite4.3.7.2Mn3+2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Jacobsite7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB8X16
Romanèchite7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
AB4X9
Ranciéite ?7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)3
Manganberzeliite38.2.1.2(NaCa2)Mn2+2(AsO4)3
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Sarkinite41.6.3.3Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Tephroite51.3.1.4Mn2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si4O13] groups
Tiragalloite57.2.1.1Mn2+4As5+Si3O12(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Johannsenite65.1.3a.4CaMn2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=7
Pyroxmangite65.6.1.1MnSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Ferri-ghoseite ?66.1.1.4☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 12-membered rings
Friedelite72.4.1b.1Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'var. Manganophyllite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Clino-suenoite (TL)-□{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-riebeckite-◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Muscovite
var. Phengite
-KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H TiragalloiteMn42+As5+Si3O12(OH)
H FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
H Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H SarkiniteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Muscovite var. PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
H Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
BBoron
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
O TiragalloiteMn42+As5+Si3O12(OH)
O Manganberzeliite(NaCa2)Mn22+(AsO4)3
O TephroiteMn22+SiO4
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
O BixbyiteMn23+O3
O BaryteBaSO4
O FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
O HematiteFe2O3
O Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
O AnataseTiO2
O Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O SarkiniteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O RutileTiO2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Muscovite var. PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
O Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Manganberzeliite(NaCa2)Mn22+(AsO4)3
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Muscovite var. PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Muscovite var. PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
SiSilicon
Si Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
Si TiragalloiteMn42+As5+Si3O12(OH)
Si TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Si Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite var. PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S DigeniteCu9S5
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S IdaiteCu5FeS6
S GalenaPbS
ClChlorine
Cl FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K Muscovite var. PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Ca Manganberzeliite(NaCa2)Mn22+(AsO4)3
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
TiTitanium
Ti PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mn RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Mn PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Mn TiragalloiteMn42+As5+Si3O12(OH)
Mn Manganberzeliite(NaCa2)Mn22+(AsO4)3
Mn TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Mn HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
Mn BixbyiteMn23+O3
Mn FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Mn Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Mn Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Mn SarkiniteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
Mn JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Mn Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Mn Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
FeIron
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe IdaiteCu5FeS6
Fe Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Muscovite var. PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu IdaiteCu5FeS6
AsArsenic
As TiragalloiteMn42+As5+Si3O12(OH)
As Manganberzeliite(NaCa2)Mn22+(AsO4)3
As SarkiniteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
SrStrontium
Sr GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Peters, T., Trommsdorff, V., and Sommerauer, J. (1978) Manganese pyroxenoids and carbonates: critical phase relations in metamorphic assemblages from the Alps. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 42, 325-332.
Callegari, A., Sciesa, E., and Bedognè, F. (1992) Primo ritrovamento di tiragalloite in Valmalenco (Sondrio, Italia Settentrionale). Il Naturalista Valtellinese - Atti del Museo civico di Storia naturale di Morbegno, 3, 3-9.
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., and Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S., and Stuker, P. (1998) Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Verlag Wepf & Co. AG, Basel, p. 405.
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., and Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
Bedognè, F. (2011) Microminerali della Valmalenco. Nuove segnalazioni e aggiornamenti. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 35, 1, 40-45.
Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Ciriotti, M.E., Revheim, O., Bracco, R. (2017) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine: 82, 189-198.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

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EuropeContinent
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