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Arme Hilfe Mine, Ullersreuth, Hirschberg, Vogtland, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Arme Hilfe MineMine
Ullersreuth- not defined -
Hirschberg- not defined -
Vogtland- not defined -
GermanyCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 25' 18'' North , 11° 48' 40'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Töpen1,175 (2017)5.6km
Berg2,544 (2012)5.7km
Tanna4,193 (2015)8.7km
Köditz2,721 (2011)10.2km
Lichtenberg1,184 (2013)10.5km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Grube Arme Hilfe, Ullersreuth, Hirschberg, Vogtland, Thüringen, Deutschland


Ancient iron and copper Mine, closed in 1899.
Located 3 km N of Hirschberg.
Note: Ullersreuth is not in Saxony (as given in many references).

Note on the "liroconite" reported in the old literature:
It was originally reported by Breithaupt, A. (1841): Vollständiges Handbuch der Mineralogie, Bd. 2, Dresden und Leipzig, p. 158, who later, however, noted that this was a wrong identification and that the sample was in fact "Tagilite" (= Pseudomalachite): Breithaupt, A. (1865): Mineralogische Studien. 3. Tagilit.- Berg- und hüttenmännische Zeitung 24, 309-312
A SXRD study of an old sample in the collection of the Natural History Museum Vienna has confirmed this (U. Kolitsch).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


36 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Bismutite (TL)
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Type Locality:
Reference: Breithaupt, A. (1841): Ueber das natürliche kohlensaure Wismutoxyd.- Poggendorffs Annalen der Physik und Chemie 53, 627-630
Bismutoferrite
Formula: Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Clinobisvanite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Witzke, T., Rüger, F., Martin, M., Graf, J., and Baum, M. (2001): Ullersreuth, ein traditionelles thüringisches Bergbaugebiet. Lapis 26(12), 13-27.
'Globosite'
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 762.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 762.
Liroconite
Formula: Cu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Description: See text of locality file.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 922.
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Mixite
Formula: BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Mogánite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Mrázekite
Formula: Bi2Cu3(PO4)2O2(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Namibite
Formula: Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Preisingerite
Formula: Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Dana 6:837; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 800, 931.
Pucherite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1051; T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Dana 6:837; Dana7:II:931.
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lithiophorite4.FE.25(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Mogánite4.DA.20SiO2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Beyerite5.BE.35Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bismutite (TL)5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Carbonatecyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Beraunite8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Chalcosiderite8.DD.15CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Clinobisvanite8.AD.65Bi(VO4)
Dufrénite8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Liroconite ?8.DF.20Cu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Mixite8.DL.15BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Mrázekite8.DJ.40Bi2Cu3(PO4)2O2(OH)2 · H2O
Namibite8.BB.50Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Preisingerite8.BO.10Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pucherite8.AD.40Bi(VO4)
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Bismutoferrite9.ED.25Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Globosite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Miscellaneous
Lithiophorite6.4.1.1(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Beyerite16a.2.3.1Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bismutite (TL)16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Carbonatecyanotrichite16b.7.7.1Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Clinobisvanite38.4.7.1Bi(VO4)
Pucherite38.4.6.1Bi(VO4)
Miscellaneous
Namibite38.5.9.1Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Preisingerite41.10.9.1Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Liroconite ?42.2.1.1Cu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Mrázekite42.4.15.1Bi2Cu3(PO4)2O2(OH)2 · H2O
(AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mixite42.5.1.1BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Chalcosiderite42.9.3.4CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Dufrénite42.9.1.2Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Beraunite42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Bismutoferrite71.1.3.1Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Globosite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Mogánite-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
H DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H MrázekiteBi2Cu3(PO4)2O2(OH)2 · H2O
H BismutoferriteFe23+Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
LiLithium
Li Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
CCarbon
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
C CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O QuartzSiO2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O BismiteBi2O3
O CupriteCu2O
O MogániteSiO2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O PucheriteBi(VO4)
O ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
O NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
O DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
O ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O MrázekiteBi2Cu3(PO4)2O2(OH)2 · H2O
O BismutoferriteFe23+Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
AlAluminium
Al Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Al CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MogániteSiO2
Si BismutoferriteFe23+Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
P DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
P ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P MrázekiteBi2Cu3(PO4)2O2(OH)2 · H2O
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
CaCalcium
Ca BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
Ca DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
VVanadium
V PucheriteBi(VO4)
V ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
V NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Fe DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fe ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe BismutoferriteFe23+Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CuCopper
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CopperCu
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu MrázekiteBi2Cu3(PO4)2O2(OH)2 · H2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
AsArsenic
As PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
As MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
As LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
BiBismuth
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi BismiteBi2O3
Bi BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bi PucheriteBi(VO4)
Bi ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
Bi NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Bi PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Bi MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Bi MrázekiteBi2Cu3(PO4)2O2(OH)2 · H2O
Bi BismutoferriteFe23+Bi(SiO4)2(OH)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Dana 6 (1892): 837.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 931, 1051.
Thomas Witzke, Fritz Rüger, Mirko Martin, Jürgen Graf and Mario Baum (2001): Ullersreuth, ein traditionelles thüringisches Bergbaugebiet. Lapis 26 (12), 13-27.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

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This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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