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Semarkona meteorite, Chhindwara District (Chindawara District; Chindwara District), Jabalpur Division, Madhya Pradesh, Indiai
Regional Level Types
Semarkona meteoriteMeteorite Fall Location
Chhindwara District (Chindawara District; Chindwara District)District
Jabalpur DivisionDivision
Madhya PradeshState
IndiaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
22° 15' North , 79° 0' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Amarwāra13,258 (2015)18.2km
Chhindwāra134,847 (2015)22.3km
Parāsia39,440 (2015)25.6km
Jāmai22,587 (2015)42.4km
Panara4,096 (2015)46.5km


LL3.0, unusually primitive chondrite
Fall, 26 October 1940; 691 g


Of the 6000 plus stones listed as LL Chondrites (very low in Fe) at the 'Meteoritical Bulletin Database' only 5 are classified as LL3.0, the most primitive petrologic type possible for ordinary chondrites. The modest-sized Semarkona Chondrite is the largest of this select group. Such chondrites have abundant chondrules, minimal aqueous alteration, and unequilibrated mineralogical assemblages which were gathered together by low-temperature nebular processes and subsequent mild metamorphism on the original homeworld. Studies of Fe-rich and Fe-poor chondrules, amoeboid olivine aggregates, carbide assemblages, and sulfide assemblages have revealed a plethora of minerals recording various aspects of Semarkona's complex formation. Among the mineralogical vestiges of its ancient past are various minute presolar grains (diamond, corundum, spinel) which continue to spark inquiry and interest.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


30 valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Beckett et al. (2006) Chemical processes in Calcium-Aluminum-rich Inclusions: A Mostly CMAS View of Melting and Crystallization: In: Meteorites and The Early Solar System (Editors: Lauretta, D.S. & McSween Jr, H.Y.) University of Arizona Press. Tucson. pp. 399-429.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Description: In amoeboid olivine aggregates (AOAs)
Reference: Itoh, S., Russell, S. S. & Yurimoto, H. (2004) Amoeboid Olivine Aggregates from the Semarkona LL3.0 Chondrite: Workshop on Chondrites and the Protoplanetary Disk, November 8-11, 2004, Kauai, Hawaii, abstract no. 9019. (Nov 2004); Srinivasan, G., Russell, S.S., MacPherson, G.J., Huss, G.R. & Wasserburg, G. J. (1996) New Evidence for 26Al in CAI and Chondrules from Type 3 Ordinary Chondrites: Lunar and Planetary Science 27: 1257-1258.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: E.R.D. Scott et al. (1988) Primitive material surviving in chondrites: Matrix. IN: Meteorites and the Early Solar System. Kerridge, J. & Matthews, M.S. -Eds., pp. 718--745: University of Arizona Press: Tucson, Arizona.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Description: Rare, in chondrule mesostasis. Also as overgrowths of Fe-poor enstatite cores.
Reference: Jones, R. H. (1990) Petrology and Petrology of Type II, FeO-rich chondrules in Semarkona (LL3.0). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 54 (6), 1985-1802. (June 1990)
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Description: In awaruite-pentlandite-troilite assemblages
Reference: Zanda, B., Bourot-Denise, M. & Hewins, R. H. (1995) Condensate Sulfide and Its Metamorphic Transformations in Primitive Chondrites: Meteoritics 30 (5): 605 (Sept 1995)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Description: Twined along chondrule outline (preterrestrial)[Brearley & Jones (1998)
Reference: Hutchinson, R., Alexandra, C.M.O., and Barber, D.J. (1987) The Semarkona meteorite - First recorded occurrence of smectite in an ordinary chondrite, and its implications. Geochimica et CosmochimicaActa: 51 (July 1987): 1875-1882.; Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998) ; E.R.D. Scott et al. (1988) Primitive material surviving in chondrites: Matrix. IN: Meteorites and the Early Solar System. Kerridge, J. & Matthews, M.S. -Eds., pp. 718--745: University of Arizona Press: Tucson, Arizona.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Jones, R. H. (1990) Petrology and Petrology of Type II, FeO-rich chondrules in Semarkona (LL3.0). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 54 (6), 1985-1802. (June 1990) ; E.R.D. Scott et al. (1988) Primitive material surviving in chondrites: Matrix. IN: Meteorites and the Early Solar System. Kerridge, J. & Matthews, M.S. -Eds., pp. 718--745: University of Arizona Press: Tucson, Arizona.
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Jones, R. H. (1994) Petrology of FeO-poor, porphyritic pyroxene chondrules in the Semarkona chondrite G&CA 58 (23), 5325-5340 (Dec 1994)
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Description: In Carbide-Magnetite Assemblages; Keller (1998) presents evidence that carburization alteration preceded aqueous alteration
Reference: Taylor, G. J., Okada, A., Scott, E. R. D., Rubin, A. E., Huss, G. R. & Keil, K. (1981) The Occurrence and Implications of Carbide-Magnetite Assemblages in Unequilibrated Ordinary Chondrites (abstract). Lunar and PLanetary Science XII: 1076-1078. ( March 1981); Keller, L. P. (1998) A TEM study of iron-nickel carbides in the matrix of the Semarkona unequilibrated ordinary chondrite: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33(4): 913-919. (July 1998)
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Description: Including Presolar grains
Reference: Choi, B.-G., Huss, G. R. & Wasserburg, G. J. (1998) Presolar Corundum and Spinel from the Bishunpur and Semarkona Ordinary Chondrites. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIX, abstract no. 1898.; Srinivasan, G., Russell, S.S., MacPherson, G.J., Huss, G.R. & Wasserburg, G. J. (1996) New Evidence for 26Al in CAI and Chondrules from Type 3 Ordinary Chondrites: Lunar and Planetary Science 27: 1257-1258.
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Taylor, G. J., Okada, A., Scott, E. R. D., Rubin, A. E., Huss, G. R. & Keil, K. (1981) The Occurrence and Implications of Carbide-Magnetite Assemblages in Unequilibrated Ordinary Chondrites (abstract). Lunar and PLanetary Science XII: 1076-1078. ( March 1981)
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Fisenko, A.V. and L.F. Semenova (1997) On the Selection of Chondrites for Studying Interstellar Diamond. Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences.; Huss, G.R. & Lewis, R.S. (1995) Presolar diamond, SiC, and graphite in primitive chondrites: Abundances as a function of meteorite class and petrologic type. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 59 (1):115-160 (Jan 1995).
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Description: In amoeboid olivine aggregates (AOA), Includes aluminous varieties.
Reference: Itoh, S., Russell, S. S. & Yurimoto, H. (2004) Amoeboid Olivine Aggregates from the Semarkona LL3.0 Chondrite: Workshop on Chondrites and the Protoplanetary Disk, November 8-11, 2004, Kauai, Hawaii, abstract no. 9019. (Nov 2004); Beckett et al. (2006) Chemical processes in Calcium-Aluminum-rich Inclusions: A Mostly CMAS View of Melting and Crystallization: In: Meteorites and The Early Solar System (Editors: Lauretta, D.S. & McSween Jr, H.Y.) University of Arizona Press. Tucson. pp. 399-429.; Russell, S.S., Huss, G.R., MacPherson, G.J. & Wasserburg, G.J. (1997) Early and late chondrule formation - New constraints for solar nebula chronology from Al-26/Al-27 in unequilibrated ordinary chondrites: 28th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference: 209-210.
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Description: Fe-rich olivine in fluffy aggregates.
Reference: E.R.D. Scott et al. (1988) Primitive material surviving in chondrites: Matrix. IN: Meteorites and the Early Solar System. Kerridge, J. & Matthews, M.S. -Eds., pp. 718--745: University of Arizona Press: Tucson, Arizona.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Description: Among other instances: Relic Forsteritic Olivine (rare, usually zoned)
Reference: Taylor, G. J., Okada, A., Scott, E. R. D., Rubin, A. E., Huss, G. R. & Keil, K. (1981) The Occurrence and Implications of Carbide-Magnetite Assemblages in Unequilibrated Ordinary Chondrites (abstract). Lunar and PLanetary Science XII: 1076-1078. ( March 1981); Grossman, J. N. (1985) Semarkona: The Least Metamorphosed Ordinary Chondrite. Meteoritics 20 (4): 656-657 (Dec 1985); Jones, R. H. (1990) Petrology and Petrology of Type II, FeO-rich chondrules in Semarkona (LL3.0). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 54 (6), 1985-1802. (June 1990) ; Jones, R. H. (1994) Petrology of FeO-poor, porphyritic pyroxene chondrules in the Semarkona chondrite G&CA 58 (23), 5325-5340 (Dec 1994); Itoh, S., Russell, S. S. & Yurimoto, H. (2004) Amoeboid Olivine Aggregates from the Semarkona LL3.0 Chondrite: Workshop on Chondrites and the Protoplanetary Disk, November 8-11, 2004, Kauai, Hawaii, abstract no. 9019. (Nov 2004); Beckett et al. (2006) Chemical processes in Calcium-Aluminum-rich Inclusions: A Mostly CMAS View of Melting and Crystallization: In: Meteorites and The Early Solar System (Editors: Lauretta, D.S. & McSween Jr, H.Y.) University of Arizona Press. Tucson. pp. 399-429.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Jones, R. H. (1994) Petrology of FeO-poor, porphyritic pyroxene chondrules in the Semarkona chondrite G&CA 58 (23), 5325-5340 (Dec 1994); E.R.D. Scott et al. (1988) Primitive material surviving in chondrites: Matrix. IN: Meteorites and the Early Solar System. Kerridge, J. & Matthews, M.S. -Eds., pp. 718--745: University of Arizona Press: Tucson, Arizona.
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
'Glass'
Reference: Beckett et al. (2006) Chemical processes in Calcium-Aluminum-rich Inclusions: A Mostly CMAS View of Melting and Crystallization: In: Meteorites and The Early Solar System (Editors: Lauretta, D.S. & McSween Jr, H.Y.) University of Arizona Press. Tucson. pp. 399-429.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Huss, G.R. & Lewis, R.S. (1995) Presolar diamond, SiC, and graphite in primitive chondrites: Abundances as a function of meteorite class and petrologic type. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 59 (1):115-160 (Jan 1995).
Haxonite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)23C6
Description: In Carbide-Magnetite Assemblages
Reference: Taylor, G. J., Okada, A., Scott, E. R. D., Rubin, A. E., Huss, G. R. & Keil, K. (1981) The Occurrence and Implications of Carbide-Magnetite Assemblages in Unequilibrated Ordinary Chondrites (abstract). Lunar and PLanetary Science XII: 1076-1078. ( March 1981)
Hibonite
Formula: CaAl12O19
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998) ; Srinivasan, G., Russell, S.S., MacPherson, G.J., Huss, G.R. & Wasserburg, G. J. (1996) New Evidence for 26Al in CAI and Chondrules from Type 3 Ordinary Chondrites: Lunar and Planetary Science 27: 1257-1258.; Russell, S.S., Huss, G.R., MacPherson, G.J. & Wasserburg, G.J. (1997) Early and late chondrule formation - New constraints for solar nebula chronology from Al-26/Al-27 in unequilibrated ordinary chondrites: 28th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference: 209-210.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Taylor, G. J., Okada, A., Scott, E. R. D., Rubin, A. E., Huss, G. R. & Keil, K. (1981) The Occurrence and Implications of Carbide-Magnetite Assemblages in Unequilibrated Ordinary Chondrites (abstract). Lunar and PLanetary Science XII: 1076-1078. ( March 1981)
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Taylor, G. J., Okada, A., Scott, E. R. D., Rubin, A. E., Huss, G. R. & Keil, K. (1981) The Occurrence and Implications of Carbide-Magnetite Assemblages in Unequilibrated Ordinary Chondrites (abstract). Lunar and PLanetary Science XII: 1076-1078. ( March 1981)
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Description: Secondary alteration product (preterrestrial)
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998) ; E.R.D. Scott et al. (1988) Primitive material surviving in chondrites: Matrix. IN: Meteorites and the Early Solar System. Kerridge, J. & Matthews, M.S. -Eds., pp. 718--745: University of Arizona Press: Tucson, Arizona.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Taylor, G. J., Okada, A., Scott, E. R. D., Rubin, A. E., Huss, G. R. & Keil, K. (1981) The Occurrence and Implications of Carbide-Magnetite Assemblages in Unequilibrated Ordinary Chondrites (abstract). Lunar and PLanetary Science XII: 1076-1078. ( March 1981); Grossman, J. N. (1985) Semarkona: The Least Metamorphosed Ordinary Chondrite. Meteoritics 20 (4): 656-657 (Dec 1985); E.R.D. Scott et al. (1988) Primitive material surviving in chondrites: Matrix. IN: Meteorites and the Early Solar System. Kerridge, J. & Matthews, M.S. -Eds., pp. 718--745: University of Arizona Press: Tucson, Arizona.
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Srinivasan, G., Russell, S.S., MacPherson, G.J., Huss, G.R. & Wasserburg, G. J. (1996) New Evidence for 26Al in CAI and Chondrules from Type 3 Ordinary Chondrites: Lunar and Planetary Science 27: 1257-1258.; Russell, S.S., Huss, G.R., MacPherson, G.J. & Wasserburg, G.J. (1997) Early and late chondrule formation - New constraints for solar nebula chronology from Al-26/Al-27 in unequilibrated ordinary chondrites: 28th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference: 209-210.
'Nickel-iron'
Reference: Jones, R. H. (1990) Petrology and Petrology of Type II, FeO-rich chondrules in Semarkona (LL3.0). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 54 (6), 1985-1802. (June 1990)
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Description: In awaruite-pentlandite-troilite assemblages
Reference: Taylor, G. J., Okada, A., Scott, E. R. D., Rubin, A. E., Huss, G. R. & Keil, K. (1981) The Occurrence and Implications of Carbide-Magnetite Assemblages in Unequilibrated Ordinary Chondrites (abstract). Lunar and PLanetary Science XII: 1076-1078. ( March 1981); Grossman, J. N. (1985) Semarkona: The Least Metamorphosed Ordinary Chondrite. Meteoritics 20 (4): 656-657 (Dec 1985); Zanda, B., Bourot-Denise, M. & Hewins, R. H. (1995) Condensate Sulfide and Its Metamorphic Transformations in Primitive Chondrites: Meteoritics 30 (5): 605 (Sept 1995); E.R.D. Scott et al. (1988) Primitive material surviving in chondrites: Matrix. IN: Meteorites and the Early Solar System. Kerridge, J. & Matthews, M.S. -Eds., pp. 718--745: University of Arizona Press: Tucson, Arizona.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998) ; Srinivasan, G., Russell, S.S., MacPherson, G.J., Huss, G.R. & Wasserburg, G. J. (1996) New Evidence for 26Al in CAI and Chondrules from Type 3 Ordinary Chondrites: Lunar and Planetary Science 27: 1257-1258.; Russell, S.S., Huss, G.R., MacPherson, G.J. & Wasserburg, G.J. (1997) Early and late chondrule formation - New constraints for solar nebula chronology from Al-26/Al-27 in unequilibrated ordinary chondrites: 28th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference: 209-210.
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Description: Compositional range (Wo5-15). As overgrowths surrounding nearly pure enstatite/clinoenstatite cores.
Reference: Jones, R. H. (1990) Petrology and Petrology of Type II, FeO-rich chondrules in Semarkona (LL3.0). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 54 (6), 1985-1802. (June 1990) ; Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
'Pyroxene Group'
Description: Pyroxenes in chondrules and matrix include quite variable Fs content as well as Ca-rich and Ca-poor varieties
Reference: Jones, R. H. (1994) Petrology of FeO-poor, porphyritic pyroxene chondrules in the Semarkona chondrite G&CA 58 (23), 5325-5340 (Dec 1994)
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998) ; E.R.D. Scott et al. (1988) Primitive material surviving in chondrites: Matrix. IN: Meteorites and the Early Solar System. Kerridge, J. & Matthews, M.S. -Eds., pp. 718--745: University of Arizona Press: Tucson, Arizona.
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Bourot-Denise, M., Perron, C. & Zanda, B (1993) Compositional Heterogeneity in Metal Grains of Primitive Chondrites: Onset of Metamorphism. Meteoritics 28(3): 327. (July 1993)
'Silica'
Reference: Bourot-Denise, M., Perron, C. & Zanda, B (1993) Compositional Heterogeneity in Metal Grains of Primitive Chondrites: Onset of Metamorphism. Meteoritics 28(3): 327. (July 1993)
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Description: Na, Fe-rich smectite in Carbide-Magnetite Assemblages
Reference: Hutchinson, R., Alexandra, C.M.O., and Barber, D.J. (1987) The Semarkona meteorite - First recorded occurrence of smectite in an ordinary chondrite, and its implications. Geochimica et CosmochimicaActa: 51 (July 1987): 1875-1882.; Keller, L. P. (1998) A TEM study of iron-nickel carbides in the matrix of the Semarkona unequilibrated ordinary chondrite: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33(4): 913-919. (July 1998); E.R.D. Scott et al. (1988) Primitive material surviving in chondrites: Matrix. IN: Meteorites and the Early Solar System. Kerridge, J. & Matthews, M.S. -Eds., pp. 718--745: University of Arizona Press: Tucson, Arizona.
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Russell, S.S., Huss, G.R., MacPherson, G.J. & Wasserburg, G.J. (1997) Early and late chondrule formation - New constraints for solar nebula chronology from Al-26/Al-27 in unequilibrated ordinary chondrites: 28th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference: 209-210.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Description: Including Presolar grains
Reference: Choi, B.-G., Huss, G. R. & Wasserburg, G. J. (1998) Presolar Corundum and Spinel from the Bishunpur and Semarkona Ordinary Chondrites. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIX, abstract no. 1898.; E.R.D. Scott et al. (1988) Primitive material surviving in chondrites: Matrix. IN: Meteorites and the Early Solar System. Kerridge, J. & Matthews, M.S. -Eds., pp. 718--745: University of Arizona Press: Tucson, Arizona.; Beckett et al. (2006) Chemical processes in Calcium-Aluminum-rich Inclusions: A Mostly CMAS View of Melting and Crystallization: In: Meteorites and The Early Solar System (Editors: Lauretta, D.S. & McSween Jr, H.Y.) University of Arizona Press. Tucson. pp. 399-429.; Srinivasan, G., Russell, S.S., MacPherson, G.J., Huss, G.R. & Wasserburg, G. J. (1996) New Evidence for 26Al in CAI and Chondrules from Type 3 Ordinary Chondrites: Lunar and Planetary Science 27: 1257-1258.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Taylor, G. J., Okada, A., Scott, E. R. D., Rubin, A. E., Huss, G. R. & Keil, K. (1981) The Occurrence and Implications of Carbide-Magnetite Assemblages in Unequilibrated Ordinary Chondrites (abstract). Lunar and PLanetary Science XII: 1076-1078. ( March 1981)
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Taylor, G. J., Okada, A., Scott, E. R. D., Rubin, A. E., Huss, G. R. & Keil, K. (1981) The Occurrence and Implications of Carbide-Magnetite Assemblages in Unequilibrated Ordinary Chondrites (abstract). Lunar and PLanetary Science XII: 1076-1078. ( March 1981); Grossman, J. N. (1985) Semarkona: The Least Metamorphosed Ordinary Chondrite. Meteoritics 20 (4): 656-657 (Dec 1985); Jones, R. H. (1990) Petrology and Petrology of Type II, FeO-rich chondrules in Semarkona (LL3.0). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 54 (6), 1985-1802. (June 1990) ; Zanda, B., Bourot-Denise, M. & Hewins, R. H. (1995) Condensate Sulfide and Its Metamorphic Transformations in Primitive Chondrites: Meteoritics 30 (5): 605 (Sept 1995)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Cohenite1.BA.05Fe3C
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Haxonite1.BA.10(Fe,Ni)23C6
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Hibonite4.CC.45CaAl12O19
Maghemite4.BB.15(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Clinoenstatite9.DA.10MgSiO3
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gehlenite9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Glass'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Nickel-iron'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Cohenite1.1.16.1Fe3C
Haxonite1.1.16.2(Fe,Ni)23C6
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Maghemite4.3.7.1(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB12X19
Hibonite7.4.1.1CaAl12O19
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Gehlenite55.4.1.2Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Clinoenstatite65.1.1.1MgSiO3
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Glass'-
Iron-Fe
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Nickel-iron'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
CCarbon
C DiamondC
C CalciteCaCO3
C CoheniteFe3C
C Haxonite(Fe,Ni)23C6
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O CalciteCaCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O CorundumAl2O3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
O HiboniteCaAl12O19
O Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
MgMagnesium
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
AlAluminium
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Al HiboniteCaAl12O19
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
SiSilicon
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
PPhosphorus
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S TroiliteFeS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Ca HiboniteCaAl12O19
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
TiTitanium
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
CrChromium
Cr DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
FeIron
Fe CoheniteFe3C
Fe DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Fe Haxonite(Fe,Ni)23C6
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe AwaruiteNi3Fe
Fe Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe IronFe
NiNickel
Ni Haxonite(Fe,Ni)23C6
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni AwaruiteNi3Fe

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Taylor, G. J., Okada, A., Scott, E.R.D., Rubin, A.E., Huss, G.R., Keil, K. (1981) The Occurrence and Implications of Carbide-Magnetite Assemblages in Unequilibrated Ordinary Chondrites (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XII: 1076-1078 ( March 1981).
Grossman, J.N. (1985) Semarkona: The Least Metamorphosed Ordinary Chondrite. Meteoritics, 20(4), 656-657 (Dec 1985).
Hutchinson, R., Alexandra, C.M.O., Barber, D.J. (1987) The Semarkona meteorite - First recorded occurrence of smectite in an ordinary chondrite, and its implications. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 51 (July 1987), 1875-1882.
Scott, E.R.D. et al. (1988) Primitive material surviving in chondrites: Matrix. In: Meteorites and the Early Solar System. Kerridge, J., Matthews, M.S. (Eds.), pages 718-745. University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona.
Jones, R.H. (1990) Petrology and Petrology of Type II, FeO-rich chondrules in Semarkona (LL3.0). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 54(6), 1985-1802 (June 1990).
Bourot-Denise, M., Perron, C., Zanda, B. (1993) Compositional Heterogeneity in Metal Grains of Primitive Chondrites: Onset of Metamorphism. Meteoritics, 28(3), 327 (July 1993).
Jones, R.H. (1994) Petrology of FeO-poor, porphyritic pyroxene chondrules in the Semarkona chondrite Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 58(23), 5325-5340 (Dec 1994).
Huss, G.R., Lewis, R.S. (1995) Presolar diamond, SiC, and graphite in primitive chondrites: Abundances as a function of meteorite class and petrologic type. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 59(1),115-160 (Jan 1995).
Zanda, B., Bourot-Denise, M., Hewins, R.H. (1995) Condensate Sulfide and Its Metamorphic Transformations in Primitive Chondrites. Meteoritics, 30(5), 605 (Sept 1995).
Srinivasan, G., Russell, S.S., MacPherson, G.J., Huss, G.R., Wasserburg, G.J. (1996) New Evidence for 26Al in CAI and Chondrules from Type 3 Ordinary Chondrites. Lunar and Planetary Science, 27, 1257-1258.
Fisenko, A.V., L.F. Semenova (1997) On the Selection of Chondrites for Studying Interstellar Diamond. Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences.
Russell, S.S., Huss, G.R., MacPherson, G.J., Wasserburg, G.J. (1997) Early and late chondrule formation - New constraints for solar nebula chronology from Al-26/Al-27 in unequilibrated ordinary chondrites. 28th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 209-210.
Fisenko, A.V. & Semenova, L. F. (1997) On the Selection of Chondrites for Studying Interstellar Diamond. Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences.
Brearley, A.J., Jones, R.H. (1998) Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J.J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA (1998).
Beckett et al. (2006) Chemical processes in Calcium-Aluminum-rich Inclusions: A Mostly CMAS View of Melting and Crystallization. In: Meteorites and The Early Solar System (Editors: Lauretta, D.S. & McSween Jr, H.Y.) University of Arizona Press. Tucson. pages 399-429.
Huss, G.R., Rubin, A.E., Grossman, J.N. (2006) Thermal Metamorphism in Chondrites. In: Meteorites and The Early Solar System (Editors: Lauretta, D.S. & McSween Jr, H.Y.) University of Arizona Press. Tucson. pages 567-586.
Brearley, A.J. (2006) The Action of Water. In: Meteorites and The Early Solar System (Editors: Lauretta, D.S. & McSween Jr, H.Y.) University of Arizona Press. Tucson. pages 603-624.

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