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Qingzhen meteorite, Qingzhen County, Guiyang, Guizhou, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Qingzhen meteoriteMeteorite Fall Location
Qingzhen CountyCounty
GuiyangPrefecture
GuizhouProvince
ChinaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
26° 31' 59'' North , 106° 28' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Meteorite Class:
Meteoritical Society Class:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Guiyang1,171,633 (2018)25.5km


Enstatite Chondrite, high-iron [EH3; S4], unequilibrated
Fall, 13 September 1976; 2.6 kg, 2 stones (fragments)

A bolide traveling towards the NE resulted in a search which recovered two fragments. 744 volunteers had searched from September 15 until the end of the month. Enstatite Chondrites are quite rare, representing only ~1.5% of witnessed falls. The mass of the two recovered stones is quite modest (12 witnessed E chondrite falls are more massive). Qingzhen, however, has presented us with a very impressive mineralogical treasure trove. Among the Enstatite chondrites only the much larger Indarch (27 kg) has presented a comparable suite of mineralogical diversity. There appear to be three reasons for this.

The Enstatite Chondrite Class is defined by specific elemental and isotopic ratios. However, their mineralogical suites are perhaps their most striking characteristic. Enstatite Chondrites are marked by dominant Enstatite, abundant Fe-Ni metal, and a number of very reduced mineral phases which are rare or unknown in earth rocks or even in other meteorites. Qingzhen, in the EH chemical group, also contains niningerite and perryite. So, for starters, we expect diverse and unusual mineralogy in any EH chondrite. Furthermore, in spite of its modest mass, Qingzhen is actually the most massive fall among the petrologic type Type EH3 chondrites. Type EH3 chondrites are characterized by unequilibrated mineral assemblages. Qingzhen has some exotic inclusions (tiny oxidized inclusions, various nebular relics, presolar minerals [diamond, SiC]…) with mineral phases normally absent from the typical extremely reduced enstatite-rich mineral suites. Finally, microscopic examination of this unweathered meteorite — further required, perhaps, by Qingzhen’s strong pre-terrestrial shocks [S4 Shock level] — has yielded additional dividends which were not possible in earlier periods.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


29 valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Hsu, W. (1998). Geochemical and petrographic studies of oldhamite, diopside, and roedderite in enstatite meteorites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (2): 291-301. (March 1998).; Rambaldi, E. R., Rajan, R. S. & Housley, R. M. (1986) Roedderite in the Qingzhen (EH3) chondrite: Meteoritics 21(1): 141-149. (March 1986)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Description: Ca-rich.
Reference: Lin, Yangting, Ouyang, Ziyuan, and El Goresy, A. (2002) FeO-rich silicates and Ca, Al-rich inclusions in Qingzhen and Yamato 691 (EH3) meteorites: Evidence for migration of mass in the solar nebula. Chinese Science Bulletin: 47(2)(January 2002): 150-153.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Description: Labradorite plagioclase (An61-69) found associated with glass & Ca-pyroxene. {Enstatite chondrite plagioclase is usually albitic - Cf. Mason (1966)
Reference: Rambaldi, E. R., Rajan, R. S., Housley, R. M., & Wang, D. (1984) Oxidized, Refractory and Alkali-Rich Components in Qingzhen Enstatite Chondrite: Implications about Their Origin (Abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XV , 661-662. (Mar 1984)
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Description: Labradorite plagioclase (An61-69) found associated with glass & Ca-pyroxene. {Enstatite chondrite plagioclase is usually albitic - Cf. Mason (1966)
Reference: Rambaldi, E. R., Rajan, R. S., Housley, R. M., & Wang, D. (1984) Oxidized, Refractory and Alkali-Rich Components in Qingzhen Enstatite Chondrite: Implications about Their Origin (Abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XV , 661-662. (Mar 1984)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Lin, Y. & El Goresy, A. (2002) A comparative study of opaque phases in Qingzhen (EH3) and MacAlpine Hills 88136 (EL3): Representatives of EH and EL parent bodies, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 37 (4): 577-599 (April 2002)
Caswellsilverite
Formula: NaCrS2
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Lin, Y. & El Goresy, A. (2002) A comparative study of opaque phases in Qingzhen (EH3) and MacAlpine Hills 88136 (EL3): Representatives of EH and EL parent bodies, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 37 (4): 577-599 (April 2002)
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Daode Wang and Rambaldi, E.R. (1988): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 8(4), 324-335
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Description: Zincian Daubréelite
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998): Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Fisenko, A.V. and L.F. Semenova (1997) On the Selection of Chondrites for Studying Interstellar Diamond. Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998): Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Djerfisherite
Formula: K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Reference: Daode Wang and Rambaldi, E.R. (1988): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 8(4), 324-335
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: Wang, D., and Xie, X. (1977): Geochimica 4, 276-287; Daode Wang and Rambaldi, E.R. (1988): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 8(4), 324-335
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Daode Wang and Rambaldi, E.R. (1988): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 8(4), 324-335
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Description: Forsterite is found in a small population of refractory chondrules
Reference: Rambaldi, E. R., Housley, R. M., Rajan, R. S., Cirlin, E., El Goresy, A., & Wang, D. (1983) Unusual Mineral Assemblages and Textures in Qingzhen Enstatite Chondrite: Meteoritics 18 (4): 380-381. (Dec 1983)
'Gallian Sphalerite'
Reference: Rambaldi, E.R., Rajan, R.S., Housley, R.M., Wang, D. (1986) Gallium-bearing sphalerite in a metal-sulphide nodule of the Quingzhen (EH3) chondrite. Meteoritics: 21: 23-31; in: Jambor, J.L., Bladh, K.W., Ercit, T.S., Grice, J.D., Grew, E.S. (1987): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 73: 932
'Glass'
Description: Glass of nearly pure Sodalite composition occurs [very minor component]
Reference: Rambaldi, E. R., Housley, R. M., Rajan, R. S., Cirlin, E., El Goresy, A., & Wang, D. (1983) Unusual Mineral Assemblages and Textures in Qingzhen Enstatite Chondrite: Meteoritics 18 (4): 380-381. (Dec 1983)
Graphite
Formula: C
Description: Includes pre-solar grains.
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998): Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998) ; Xu, Y.C., Lin, Y.T., Zhang, J.C. & Hao, J.L. (2016) First Discovery of Presolar Graphite Grains from the Highly Reduced Qingzhen (EH3) Meteorite: Morphology, Raman Spectrum and Isotopic Compositions: 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society. LPI Contribution No. 1921, id.6081.
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Description: Due to a breakdown of Djerfisherite (The 'Qingzhen Reaction')
Reference: El Gorsey, A., Yabuki, H., Ehlers, K., Woolum, D. & Pernicka, E. (1988). Qingzhen and Yamato-691: A tentative alphabet for the EH chondrites. Proceedings NIPR Symposium Antarctic Meteorites 1, 65-101.
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Reference: Lin, Y. & El Goresy, A. (2002) A comparative study of opaque phases in Qingzhen (EH3) and MacAlpine Hills 88136 (EL3): Representatives of EH and EL parent bodies, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 37 (4): 577-599 (April 2002)
Iron
Formula: Fe
Description: Including (a minor component) some unusual Ni-Free iron droplets [Ni<1%, Cr-1-4%]
Reference: Housely, R. M., Rajan, R. S., Rambaldi, E. R., & Wang, D. (1983) Evidence for Oxidized Components in Qingzhen Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 18 (4): 317-318. (Dec 1983)
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Daode Wang and Rambaldi, E.R. (1988): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 8(4), 324-335
Moissanite
Formula: SiC
Reference: Lin, Yangting, Amari, Sachiko, and Pravdivtseva, Olga (2002) Presolar grains from the Qingzhen (EH3) meteorite. The Astrophysical Journal: 525(1)(08/2002): 257-263.
Nierite
Formula: Si3N4
Reference: Lin, Yangting, Amari, Sachiko, and Pravdivtseva, Olga (2002) Presolar grains from the Qingzhen (EH3) meteorite. The Astrophysical Journal: 525(1)(08/2002): 257-263.
Niningerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Reference: Yongheng Chen, Daode Wang, and Pernicka, E. (1993): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(3)
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Reference: Daode Wang and Rambaldi, E.R. (1988): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 8(4), 324-335
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Lin, Yangting, Ouyang, Ziyuan, and El Goresy, A. (2002) FeO-rich silicates and Ca, Al-rich inclusions in Qingzhen and Yamato 691 (EH3) meteorites: Evidence for migration of mass in the solar nebula. Chinese Science Bulletin: 47(2)(January 2002): 150-153.
Perryite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Reference: Daode Wang and Rambaldi, E.R. (1988): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 8(4), 324-335
'Pyroxene Group'
Description: While Enstatite is the dominant Pyroxene, a mildly ferosilitic (Fs 10-15) is found in some (relatively) oxidized regions.
Reference: Housely, R. M., Rajan, R. S., Rambaldi, E. R., & Wang, D. (1983) Evidence for Oxidized Components in Qingzhen Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 18 (4): 317-318. (Dec 1983)
Roedderite
Formula: KNaMg2(Mg3Si12)O30
Description: In association with minor amounts of albite and silica
Reference: Hsu, W. (1998). Geochemical and petrographic studies of oldhamite, diopside, and roedderite in enstatite meteorites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (2): 291-301. (March 1998).; Rambaldi, E. R., Rajan, R. S. & Housley, R. M. (1986) Roedderite in the Qingzhen (EH3) chondrite: Meteoritics 21(1): 141-149. (March 1986)
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998): Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
'Silica'
Reference: Hsu, W. (1998). Geochemical and petrographic studies of oldhamite, diopside, and roedderite in enstatite meteorites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (2): 291-301. (March 1998).; Housely, R. M., Rajan, R. S., Rambaldi, E. R., & Wang, D. (1983) Evidence for Oxidized Components in Qingzhen Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 18 (4): 317-318. (Dec 1983)
Smythite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Description: Due to a breakdown of Djerfisherite (The 'Qingzhen Reaction')
Reference: El Gorsey, A., Yabuki, H., Ehlers, K., Woolum, D. & Pernicka, E. (1988). Qingzhen and Yamato-691: A tentative alphabet for the EH chondrites. Proceedings NIPR Symposium Antarctic Meteorites 1, 65-101.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Description: Found with Troilite, Kamacite, Perryite & Schreibersite in metal-sulfide clasts
Reference: Daode Wang and Rambaldi, E.R. (1988): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 8(4), 324-335; Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998): Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Lin, Yangting, Ouyang, Ziyuan, and El Goresy, A. (2002) FeO-rich silicates and Ca, Al-rich inclusions in Qingzhen and Yamato 691 (EH3) meteorites: Evidence for migration of mass in the solar nebula. Chinese Science Bulletin: 47(2)(January 2002): 150-153.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Description: Some, at least, of the silica is identified as tridymite
Reference: Rambaldi, E. R., Rajan, R. S. & Housley, R. M. (1986) Roedderite in the Qingzhen (EH3) chondrite: Meteoritics 21(1): 141-149. (March 1986)
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Description: Besides its normal settings, Troilite is also found in Troilite-Daubréelite clasts
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy; Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998): Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
'UM1986-42-S:CuFe'
Formula: Cu2Fe3S5
Reference: Rambaldi, E.R., Rajan, R.S., Housley, R.M., Wang, D. (1986) Gallium-bearing sphalerite in a metal-sulphide nodule of the Quingzhen (EH3) chondrite. Meteoritics: 21: 23-31; in: Jambor, J.L., Bladh, K.W., Ercit, T.S., Grice, J.D., Grew, E.S. (1987): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 73: 932
'UM2002-16-S:CrFeHO'
Formula: ~FeCr2S4 (?) or Fe-Cr-S-O
Reference: Lin, Y., El Goresy, A. (2002): A comparative study of opaque phases in Quingzhen (EH3) and MacAlpine Hills 88136 (EL3): Representatives of EH and EL parent bodies. Meteor. Planet. Sci.: 37: 577–599
'UM2002-17-S:CrHO'
Formula: ~CrS2•(O,H2O)
Reference: Lin, Y., El Goresy, A. (2002): A comparative study of opaque phases in Quingzhen (EH3) and MacAlpine Hills 88136 (EL3): Representatives of EH and EL parent bodies. Meteor. Planet. Sci.: 37: 577–599
'UM2002-18-S:CrHO'
Formula: ~CrS2•2(O,H2O)
Reference: Lin, Y., El Goresy, A. (2002): A comparative study of opaque phases in Quingzhen (EH3) and MacAlpine Hills 88136 (EL3): Representatives of EH and EL parent bodies. Meteor. Planet. Sci.: 37: 577–599
'UM2002-22-S:CuFeNa' ?
Formula: Na4.5(Fe,Cu)25S26
Reference: Lin, Y., El Goresy, A. (2002): A comparative study of opaque phases in Quingzhen (EH3) and MacAlpine Hills 88136 (EL3): Representatives of EH and EL parent bodies. Meteor. Planet. Sci.: 37: 577–599
'UM2002-25-S:FeGaMnZn' ?
Formula: (Fe,Zn,Mn,Ga)S
Reference: Lin, Y., El Goresy, A. (2002): A comparative study of opaque phases in Quingzhen (EH3) and MacAlpine Hills 88136 (EL3): Representatives of EH and EL parent bodies. Meteor. Planet. Sci.: 37: 577–599

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Moissanite1.DA.SiC
Nierite1.DB.05Si3N4
Perryite1.BB.10(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Caswellsilverite2.FB.05NaCrS2
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Djerfisherite2.FC.05K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Greigite2.DA.05Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Niningerite2.CD.10(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Oldhamite2.CD.10(Ca,Mg)S
Smythite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Clinoenstatite9.DA.10MgSiO3
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Roedderite9.CM.05KNaMg2(Mg3Si12)O30
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Gallian Sphalerite'-
'Glass'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Silica'-
'UM1986-42-S:CuFe'-Cu2Fe3S5
'UM2002-16-S:CrFeHO'-~FeCr2S4 (?) or Fe-Cr-S-O
'UM2002-17-S:CrHO'-~CrS2•(O,H2O)
'UM2002-18-S:CrHO'-~CrS2•2(O,H2O)
'UM2002-22-S:CuFeNa' ?-Na4.5(Fe,Cu)25S26
'UM2002-25-S:FeGaMnZn' ?-(Fe,Zn,Mn,Ga)S

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Perryite1.1.22.1(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Moissanite1.3.8.1SiC
Nierite1.3.10.1Si3N4
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Smythite2.8.10.2(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Caswellsilverite2.9.17.1NaCrS2
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Idaite2.9.14.1Cu5FeS6
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Greigite2.10.1.10Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Chlor-sulfides
Djerfisherite2.15.2.1K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Roedderite63.2.1a.14KNaMg2(Mg3Si12)O30
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Clinoenstatite65.1.1.1MgSiO3
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Gallian Sphalerite'-
'Glass'-
Iron-Fe
Niningerite-(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Oldhamite-(Ca,Mg)S
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Silica'-
'UM1986-42-S:CuFe'-Cu2Fe3S5
'UM2002-16-S:CrFeHO'-~FeCr2S4 (?) or Fe-Cr-S-O
'UM2002-17-S:CrHO'-~CrS2•(O,H2O)
'UM2002-18-S:CrHO'-~CrS2•2(O,H2O)
'UM2002-22-S:CuFeNa' ?-Na4.5(Fe,Cu)25S26
'UM2002-25-S:FeGaMnZn' ?-(Fe,Zn,Mn,Ga)S

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H UM2002-17-S:CrHO~CrS2•(O,H2O)
H UM2002-18-S:CrHO~CrS2•2(O,H2O)
CCarbon
C DiamondC
C MoissaniteSiC
C GraphiteC
NNitrogen
N NieriteSi3N4
OOxygen
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O RoedderiteKNaMg2(Mg3Si12)O30
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O TridymiteSiO2
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O UM2002-16-S:CrFeHO~FeCr2S4 (?) or Fe-Cr-S-O
O UM2002-17-S:CrHO~CrS2•(O,H2O)
O UM2002-18-S:CrHO~CrS2•2(O,H2O)
NaSodium
Na CaswellsilveriteNaCrS2
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na RoedderiteKNaMg2(Mg3Si12)O30
Na Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na UM2002-22-S:CuFeNaNa4.5(Fe,Cu)25S26
MgMagnesium
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
Mg Niningerite(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg RoedderiteKNaMg2(Mg3Si12)O30
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
AlAluminium
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
SiSilicon
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Si NieriteSi3N4
Si MoissaniteSiC
Si Perryite(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si RoedderiteKNaMg2(Mg3Si12)O30
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
PPhosphorus
P Perryite(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
SSulfur
S CaswellsilveriteNaCrS2
S TroiliteFeS
S Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
S Niningerite(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
S DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
S SphaleriteZnS
S DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S IdaiteCu5FeS6
S GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
S Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
S UM1986-42-S:CuFeCu2Fe3S5
S UM2002-16-S:CrFeHO~FeCr2S4 (?) or Fe-Cr-S-O
S UM2002-17-S:CrHO~CrS2•(O,H2O)
S UM2002-18-S:CrHO~CrS2•2(O,H2O)
S UM2002-25-S:FeGaMnZn(Fe,Zn,Mn,Ga)S
S UM2002-22-S:CuFeNaNa4.5(Fe,Cu)25S26
ClChlorine
Cl DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
KPotassium
K DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
K RoedderiteKNaMg2(Mg3Si12)O30
CaCalcium
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
TiTitanium
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
CrChromium
Cr CaswellsilveriteNaCrS2
Cr DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Cr UM2002-16-S:CrFeHO~FeCr2S4 (?) or Fe-Cr-S-O
Cr UM2002-17-S:CrHO~CrS2•(O,H2O)
Cr UM2002-18-S:CrHO~CrS2•2(O,H2O)
MnManganese
Mn UM2002-25-S:FeGaMnZn(Fe,Zn,Mn,Ga)S
FeIron
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Fe Perryite(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Fe IronFe
Fe DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe IdaiteCu5FeS6
Fe GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
Fe Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Fe UM1986-42-S:CuFeCu2Fe3S5
Fe UM2002-16-S:CrFeHO~FeCr2S4 (?) or Fe-Cr-S-O
Fe UM2002-25-S:FeGaMnZn(Fe,Zn,Mn,Ga)S
Fe UM2002-22-S:CuFeNaNa4.5(Fe,Cu)25S26
NiNickel
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Ni Perryite(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
CuCopper
Cu DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu IdaiteCu5FeS6
Cu UM1986-42-S:CuFeCu2Fe3S5
Cu UM2002-22-S:CuFeNaNa4.5(Fe,Cu)25S26
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn UM2002-25-S:FeGaMnZn(Fe,Zn,Mn,Ga)S
GaGallium
Ga UM2002-25-S:FeGaMnZn(Fe,Zn,Mn,Ga)S

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Wang, D. and X. Xie (1977) Preliminary investigation of mineralogy, petrology and chemical composition of Qingzhen enstatite chondrite. Geochimica No. 4, 276-287 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Graham, A. L., Editor (1978) Meteoritical Bulletin No. 55, Meteoritics 13, 327-352 (Sept 1978).
Daode Wang and Rambaldi, E.R. (1983): Mineralogical composition and origin of Qingzhen enstatite chondrite. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 3(4), 247-254.
Housely, R. M., Rajan, R. S., Rambaldi, E. R., & Wang, D. (1983) Evidence for Oxidized Components in Qingzhen Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics18 (4): 317-318. (Dec 1983)
Rambaldi, E. R., Housley, R. M., Rajan, R. S., Cirlin, E., El Goresy, A., & Wang, D. (1983) Unusual Mineral Assemblages and Textures in Qingzhen Enstatite Chondrite: Meteoritics 18 (4): 380-381. (Dec 1983)
Rambaldi, E. R., Rajan, R. S., Housley, R. M., & Wang, D. (1984) Oxidized, Refractory and Alkali-Rich Components in Qingzhen Enstatite Chondrite: Implications about Their Origin (Abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XV , 661-662. (Mar 1984)
Rambaldi, E. R., Rajan, R. S. & Housley, R. M. (1986) Roedderite in the Qingzhen (EH3) chondrite: Meteoritics 21(1): 141-149. (March 1986)
Daode Wang and Rambaldi, E.R. (1988): A mineralogical study of Qingzhen meteorite (EH3) and its origin. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 8(4), 324-335.
El Gorsey, A., Yabuki, H., Ehlers, K., Woolum, D. & Pernicka, E. (1988). Qingzhen and Yamato-691: A tentative alphabet for the EH chondrites. Proceedings NIPR Symposium Antarctic Meteorites 1, 65-101.
Yongheng Chen, Daode Wang, and Pernicka, E. (1993): Trace element chemistry of Niningerite in the Qingzhen chondrite (EH3). Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(3).
Fisenko, A.V. and L.F. Semenova (1997) On the Selection of Chondrites for Studying Interstellar Diamond. Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences.
Hsu, W. (1998). Geochemical and petrographic studies of oldhamite, diopside, and roedderite in enstatite meteorites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (2): 291-301. (March 1998).
Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998): Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA.
Lin, Yangting, Amari, Sachiko, and Pravdivtseva, Olga (2002): Presolar grains from the Qingzhen (EH3) meteorite. The Astrophysical Journal: 525(1), 257-263.
Lin, Yangting, Ouyang, Ziyuan, and El Goresy, A. (2002) FeO-rich silicates and Ca, Al-rich inclusions in Qingzhen and Yamato 691 (EH3) meteorites: Evidence for migration of mass in the solar nebula. Chinese Science Bulletin: 47(2)(January 2002): 150-153.
Lin, Y. & El Goresy, A. (2002) A comparative study of opaque phases in Qingzhen (EH3) and MacAlpine Hills 88136 (EL3): Representatives of EH and EL parent bodies, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 37 (4): 577-599 (April 2002).
Xu, Y.C., Lin, Y.T., Zhang, J.C. & Hao, J.L. (2016) First Discovery of Presolar Graphite Grains from the Highly Reduced Qingzhen (EH3) Meteorite: Morphology, Raman Spectrum and Isotopic Compositions: 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society. LPI Contribution No. 1921, id.6081.

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