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Beltana Mine (E.Z. Mine; Beltana deposit; Beltana-Aroona deposit; Puttapa mine), Puttapa, Leigh Creek, North Flinders Ranges, Flinders Ranges, South Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Beltana Mine (E.Z. Mine; Beltana deposit; Beltana-Aroona deposit; Puttapa mine)Mine
Puttapa- not defined -
Leigh CreekCreek
North Flinders Ranges- not defined -
Flinders RangesMining Region
South AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
30° 40' 32'' South , 138° 26' 4'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Leigh Creek547 (2013)9.7km
Copley102 (2013)12.9km


The Puttapa deposit (or Beltana Mine) is located 9 km SSE of Leigh Creek South (470km north of Adelaide), and is currently owned by Perilya. It was restarted in 1984 by the North Broken Hill Holdings Ltd and produced 46,000 tons of ore in 1984. North Broken Hill became part of Pasminco in 1989 and then Zinifex in 2002. Perilya bought the mine in 2007 and further developed the mine by deepening the main pit and adding a secondary pit adjacent to the main pit, extracting 316,400 tonnes of ore.

It is a zinc (willemite) deposit hosted in fractured Cambrian Wilkawillina Limestone. Mined as an open pit and the ore content estimations pre-mining were: 863'000t @ 38%Zn and 2.2%Pb.

The Mine/deposit is frequently named "Beltana-Aroona" because of a second occurrence, the "Aroona Mine", located 10.3 km to the NW, whose ore was mixed with the "Puttapa" ore on the common stockpile.

The mine has been extensively rehabilitated by Perilya and the large dumps from the 1984 mining activity have all been contoured, covered with topsoil and regrowth of native vegetation has started. There are still areas on the site (circa 2011)- such as along roads and windrows, where material may be collected, however these will eventually be rehabilitated with the rest of the site. The large stockpile of ore from the 2007 mining activity has all been crushed and shipped off site for further processing.

While mining has stopped at Beltana, the site is still used as a base for Perilya's exploration in the immediate area (circa 2012) and permission must be obtained prior to any entry into the site.


NOTE: transparent "hedyphane" crystals from "Beltana" have been sold at mineral shows, but these crystals look like mimetite from the Mt. Bonnie mine (comm. Peter Elliott; see also discussion in http://www.mindat.org/mesg-106-373206.html).


Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


42 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456.
Arsendescloizite
Formula: PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Confirmed by Peter Elliot
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Description: First noted in October 1976, by members of I.M.A. after their 'Excursion of the Flinders Ranges, Olary and Broken Hill Areas'. The trip was held in conjunction with the 10th International Mineralogical Conference, Sydney Australia. It was later confirmed by P. Elliott as being common at this locality.
Reference: Personal collection of M. Willoughby. EDAX and SEM confirmed.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Murphy, P.C. & Murphy, J.N., (2000), Fossicking for Minerals at the Puttapa Zinc Mine South Australia, Osmond Earth Sciences, Kent Town, South Australia
Baumhauerite ?
Formula: Pb12As16S36
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Museum Victoria collection(?)
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Groves, I. M., Carman, C. E., Dunlap, W. J. (2003): Geology of the Beltana willemite deposit, Flinders Ranges, South Australia. Economic Geology 98, 797-818.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Chalcophanite
Formula: ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Museum Victoria collection(?)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Museum Victoria collection(?); Grubb, P. L. C. (1971). Mineralogy and genesis of the Beltana zinc‐lead deposit, Puttapa, South Australia. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 18(2), 165-171.; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Doloresite ?
Formula: V4+3O4(OH)4
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Dufrénoysite ?
Formula: Pb2As2S5
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Finnemanite ?
Formula: Pb5(AsO3)3Cl
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Grubb, P.L.C., (1971),Mineralogy and genisis of the Beltana zinc-lead deposit, Puttapa, South Australia., Journal of the Geological Society of South Australia, vol 18., pg 165-171; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Hedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record: 22: 449-456.; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Museum Victoria collection(?); Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456.
Hetaerolite var: Hydrohetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Köttigite
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Larsenite
Formula: PbZnSiO4
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Judy Rowe Collection
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
Reference: Judy Rowe Collection
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Parasymplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Description: Arsenian variety.
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Groves, I. M., Carman, C. E., Dunlap, W. J. (2003): Geology of the Beltana willemite deposit, Flinders Ranges, South Australia. Economic Geology 98, 797-818; Uwe Kolitsch collection; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Scholzite ?
Formula: CaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Museum Victoria collection(?)
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Tilasite
Formula: CaMg(AsO4)F
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456.
Tsumcorite
Formula: PbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Description: Dark reddish, Mn-rich varieties are also known (A. Pring and U. Kolitsch, unpubl. data)
Reference: Elliott, P., Pring, A. & Birch, W. D. (1988): Tsumcorite from Puttapa, South Australia. Australian Mineral. 3 (2), 67-69.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Vanadinite var: Arsenatian Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Description: Main ore mineral.
Reference: Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Baumhauerite ?2.HC.05bPb12As16S36
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Dufrénoysite ?2.HC.05dPb2As2S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chalcophanite4.FL.20ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Doloresite ?4.HE.30V4+3O4(OH)4
Finnemanite ?4.JB.45Pb5(AsO3)3Cl
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4
var: Hydrohetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adamite8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Arsendescloizite8.BH.35PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Austinite8.BH.35CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Duftite8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Hedyphane8.BN.05Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Köttigite8.CE.40Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Parasymplesite8.CE.40Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Scholzite ?8.CA.45CaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Tilasite8.BH.10CaMg(AsO4)F
Tsumcorite8.CG.15PbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
var: Arsenatian Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Larsenite9.AB.10PbZnSiO4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
2.5 < ø < 3
Dufrénoysite ?3.5.9.3Pb2As2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Baumhauerite ?3.6.13.1Pb12As16S36
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hetaerolite7.2.7.2ZnMn2O4
var: Hydrohetaerolite7.2.7.3ZnMn2O4 · H2O
AB3X7
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Scholzite ?40.2.6.1CaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Tsumcorite40.2.9.1PbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Köttigite40.3.6.5Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Parasymplesite40.3.6.6Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Arsendescloizite41.5.1.9PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Austinite41.5.1.3CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Duftite41.5.1.4PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Tilasite41.5.6.1CaMg(AsO4)F
A2(XO4)Zq
Adamite41.6.6.3Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Hedyphane41.8.2.1Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 46 - ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO3)pZq
Finnemanite ?46.1.1.1Pb5(AsO3)3Cl
Group 47 - VANADIUM OXYSALTS
Vanadium Bronzes
Doloresite ?47.4.7.1V4+3O4(OH)4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] as well as >[4]
Larsenite51.2.1.2PbZnSiO4
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
Vanadinite
var: Arsenatian Vanadinite
-Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
H DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
H KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H TsumcoritePbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
H ChalcophaniteZnMn34+O7 · 3H2O
H AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)
H ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H DoloresiteV34+O4(OH)4
H ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
O AragoniteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
O KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O LarsenitePbZnSiO4
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
O Vanadinite (var: Arsenatian Vanadinite)Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O TsumcoritePbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
O ChalcophaniteZnMn34+O7 · 3H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O HematiteFe2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)
O ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
O BaryteBaSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O DoloresiteV34+O4(OH)4
O FinnemanitePb5(AsO3)3Cl
O ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
FFluorine
F TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
MgMagnesium
Mg TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si LarsenitePbZnSiO4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S BaryteBaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S BaumhaueritePb12As16S36
S DufrénoysitePb2As2S5
ClChlorine
Cl HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl Vanadinite (var: Arsenatian Vanadinite)Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl FinnemanitePb5(AsO3)3Cl
KPotassium
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Ca TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
VVanadium
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
V Vanadinite (var: Arsenatian Vanadinite)Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
V DoloresiteV34+O4(OH)4
MnManganese
Mn Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Mn ChalcophaniteZnMn34+O7 · 3H2O
Mn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
FeIron
Fe ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Zn KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Zn LarsenitePbZnSiO4
Zn TsumcoritePbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Zn ChalcophaniteZnMn34+O7 · 3H2O
Zn AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Zn ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Zn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Zn ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
AsArsenic
As AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
As HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
As DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
As KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
As Vanadinite (var: Arsenatian Vanadinite)Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
As TsumcoritePbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
As AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)
As ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
As BaumhaueritePb12As16S36
As DufrénoysitePb2As2S5
As FinnemanitePb5(AsO3)3Cl
BaBarium
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Pb HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pb LarsenitePbZnSiO4
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb Vanadinite (var: Arsenatian Vanadinite)Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb TsumcoritePbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Pb ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Pb BaumhaueritePb12As16S36
Pb DufrénoysitePb2As2S5
Pb FinnemanitePb5(AsO3)3Cl

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Grubb, P. L. C. (1971). Mineralogy and genesis of the Beltana zinc‐lead deposit, Puttapa, South Australia. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 18(2), 165-171.
Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
Dallow, L., (1976), Puttapa. Australian Gems and Crafts Magazine, 15, 15-17.
Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
Dallow L., (1983), Fossickers Guide to Gold, Minerals and Gemstones of South Australia, Graphinity Pty. Ltd, Victoria, Australia.
Elliott, P., Pring, A. & Birch, W. D. (1988), Tsumcorite from Puttapa, South Australia. Australian Mineral, 3(2): 67-69.
Elliott, P. (1991), Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record, 22: 449-456.
Murphy, P.C. & Murphy, J.N., (2000), Fossicking for Minerals at the Puttapa Zinc Mine South Australia, Osmond Earth Sciences, Kent Town, South Australia
Groves, I. M., Carman, C. E., Dunlap, W. J. (2003): Geology of the Beltana willemite deposit, Flinders Ranges, South Australia. Economic Geology 98, 797-818.
Burdett , M. (2000) Origin of the Beltana and Aroona willemite deposits, Flinders Ranges, South Australia: Unpublished honors thesis, Melbourne, Australia, University of Melbourne

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Australian PlateTectonic Plate

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