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Columbia Hills, Gusev Crater, Aeolis quadrangle, Marsi
Regional Level Types
Columbia HillsGroup of Hills
Gusev CraterCrater
Aeolis quadrangleQuadrangle
MarsPlanet

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude: 15° 11' 39'' South , 175° 29' 8'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -15.19413,175.48556
GeoHash:G#: rvkc93bxv
Locality type:Group of Hills


The Columbia Hills are a range of low hills inside Gusev crater. Locality visited by the rover "Spirit" in 2004, equipped with alpha particle x-ray spectrometer (APXS), mini-TES infrared spectrometer, and Mossbauer spectrometer.

Noachian-aged rocks.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

32 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anhydrite ?
Formula: CaSO4
Antarcticite
Formula: CaCl2 · 6H2O
Barbosalite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Barićite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Coquimbite ?
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ferricopiapite ?
Formula: Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Ferristrunzite
Formula: Fe3+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Ferroalluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
Fibroferrite ?
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hydroniumjarosite ?
Formula: (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kainite
Formula: KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Kidwellite
Formula: NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Kryzhanovskite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
Landesite
Formula: Mn2+3-xFe3+x(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2O
Lipscombite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Natron
Formula: Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Paracoquimbite ?
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Rhomboclase ?
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Sanderite
Formula: MgSO4 · 2H2O
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Strunzite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Antarcticite3.BB.30CaCl2 · 6H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Natron5.CB.10Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anhydrite ?7.AD.30CaSO4
Coquimbite ?7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Ferricopiapite ?7.DB.35Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Fibroferrite ?7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Hydroniumjarosite ?7.BC.10(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kainite7.DF.10KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Paracoquimbite ?7.CB.55Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Rhomboclase ?7.CB.55(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Sanderite7.CB.07MgSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Alluaudite8.AC.10(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Barbosalite8.BB.40Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Barićite8.CE.40(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Beraunite8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Chalcosiderite8.DD.15CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Ferristrunzite8.DC.25Fe3+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Ferroalluaudite8.AC.10(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
Kidwellite8.DK.20NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Kryzhanovskite8.CC.05(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
Landesite8.CC.05Mn2+3-xFe3+x(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2O
Lipscombite8.BB.90Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Strunzite8.DC.25Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Antarcticite9.2.6.1CaCl2 · 6H2O
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Natron15.1.2.1Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite ?28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Hydrated Acid Sulfates
Rhomboclase ?29.1.1.1(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Coquimbite ?29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Paracoquimbite ?29.8.4.1Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Kainite31.7.1.1KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Fibroferrite ?31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Miscellaneous
Ferricopiapite ?31.10.5.4Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)3
Alluaudite38.2.3.6(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Ferroalluaudite38.2.3.5(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Barićite40.3.6.2(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Kryzhanovskite40.3.2.2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
Landesite40.3.2.4Mn2+3-xFe3+x(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Barbosalite41.10.1.4Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Lipscombite41.10.2.1Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Kidwellite42.8.2.1NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Chalcosiderite42.9.3.4CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Beraunite42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Ferristrunzite42.11.9.3Fe3+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Strunzite42.11.9.1Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Hydroniumjarosite ?-(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Sanderite-MgSO4 · 2H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
H SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2O
H KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AntarcticiteCaCl2 · 6H2O
H BarbosaliteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
H Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H FerristrunziteFe3+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
H KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
H Kryzhanovskite(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
H LandesiteMn2+3-xFex3+(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2O
H LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
H ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
H FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
H Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
BBoron
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
OOxygen
O HematiteFe2O3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
O SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2O
O KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AntarcticiteCaCl2 · 6H2O
O Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
O BarbosaliteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
O Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O FerristrunziteFe3+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
O Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
O KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
O Kryzhanovskite(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
O LandesiteMn2+3-xFex3+(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2O
O LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
O ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
O FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
O Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
NaSodium
Na NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
Na Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Na Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
Na KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
MgMagnesium
Mg SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2O
Mg KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Mg Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Mg Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
SiSilicon
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
PPhosphorus
P Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
P BarbosaliteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
P Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P FerristrunziteFe3+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
P Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
P KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
P Kryzhanovskite(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
P LandesiteMn2+3-xFex3+(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2O
P LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
P PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
SSulfur
S SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2O
S KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
S ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
S FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
S Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Cl AntarcticiteCaCl2 · 6H2O
KPotassium
K KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca AntarcticiteCaCl2 · 6H2O
Ca Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
MnManganese
Mn Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Mn Kryzhanovskite(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
Mn LandesiteMn2+3-xFex3+(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2O
Mn StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Fe BarbosaliteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
Fe Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe FerristrunziteFe3+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Fe Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
Fe KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Fe Kryzhanovskite(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
Fe LandesiteMn2+3-xFex3+(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2O
Fe LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
Fe PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fe ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Fe FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Fe Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
CuCopper
Cu ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O

Localities in this Region
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This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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