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Salvadora mine, Caracoles, Sierra Gorda district, Tocopilla province, Antofagasta, Chilei
Regional Level Types
Salvadora mineMine
Caracoles- not defined -
Sierra Gorda districtDistrict
Tocopilla provinceProvince
AntofagastaRegion
ChileCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
22° 2' 18'' South , 69° 33' 29'' West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~0km
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
Mina Salvadora


A small old copper porphyric deposit, reworked in the last 2 years by a Chilean company. The mine is particularly interesting for a new find (2007) of interesting leightonite crystals growing on atacamite & paratacamite.

This mine should not be confused with Salvadora mine, which is in the Loa province, and not far from Calama city; the Salvadora adit, was visited by the prominent American mineralogist Marc Chance Bandy, during 1934-1935.

Regions containing this locality

South America PlateTectonic Plate
South AmericaContinent
Atacama Desert, ChileDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


6 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: http://www.lrz-muenchen.de/~mineralogische-sammlungen-dmg/analysen/leightonit.htm
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Maurizio Dini (Dr. Jochen Schluter analysis); http://www.lrz-muenchen.de/~mineralogische-sammlungen-dmg/analysen/leightonit.htm
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection (U. Kolitsch SXRD analysis)
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: http://www.lrz-muenchen.de/~mineralogische-sammlungen-dmg/analysen/leightonit.htm
Leightonite
Formula: K2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Maurizio Dini, Dr. Jochen Schluter.; http://www.lrz-muenchen.de/~mineralogische-sammlungen-dmg/analysen/leightonit.htm
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Maurizio Dini, Dr. Jochen Schluter.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Glauberite7.AD.25Na2Ca(SO4)2
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Leightonite7.CC.70K2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Miscellaneous
Glauberite28.4.2.1Na2Ca(SO4)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Leightonite29.4.5.2K2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H LeightoniteK2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O LeightoniteK2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
NaSodium
Na GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
AlAluminium
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
SSulfur
S LeightoniteK2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
S GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
KPotassium
K LeightoniteK2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca LeightoniteK2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Ca GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
FeIron
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CuCopper
Cu LeightoniteK2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
ZnZinc
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Maurizio Dini (I want to acknowledge the coooperation of Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator, Hamburg Museum, Hamburg, Germany, who has dedicated time and passion on this material).


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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