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Western Siberian basin (Zapadno-Sibirskiy basin), Russiai
Regional Level Types
Western Siberian basin (Zapadno-Sibirskiy basin)Economic Region
RussiaCountry

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Key
03022500015527639474069.jpg
One of the sulfide vein of the Berezovskoe deposit

Berezovsk deposit, Beryozovsky, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia
08698710015536202997472.jpg
View of the Blagodatnye gold-bearing sulfide mining area, in 1908.

Blagodatnyi Mines, Beryozovsky, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia
03398870015792223854182.jpg
Central part of the deposit from observation point

Bazhenovsk deposit, Asbest, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia
03877140015528679338370.jpg
One of the sulfide vein of the Berezovskoe deposit

Berezovsk deposit, Beryozovsky, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia
07146120015536202846930.jpg
View of the Blagodatnye gold-bearing sulfide mining area, in 1908.

Blagodatnyi Mines, Beryozovsky, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia
01337270015755937546599.jpg
Central part of the deposit from observation point

Bazhenovsk deposit, Asbest, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia
03022500015527639474069.jpg
One of the sulfide vein of the Berezovskoe deposit

Berezovsk deposit, Beryozovsky, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia
08698710015536202997472.jpg
View of the Blagodatnye gold-bearing sulfide mining area, in 1908.

Blagodatnyi Mines, Beryozovsky, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia


Coals of the Western Siberian basin (Zapadno-Sibirskiy basin) are anomalously enriched in Sc, with up to 0.23% Sc in the coal ash. The Mesozoic coals of the basin have mean Sc content of 16 ppm.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

885 valid minerals. 108 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 5 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Agglomerate

Amphibolite

'Amygdaloid'

Andesite

Anorthosite

'Argillite'

Aubrite meteorite

Basalt

Basaltic-andesite

Bauxite

Beresite

Biotitite

Black shale

Breccia

'CH/CBb chondrite meteorite'

CV3 chondrite meteorite

Carbonatite

Chert

Chloritolite

Chromitite

Clay

Claystone

Clinopyroxenite

Coal

'Corundite'

'Crystal tuff'

Dacite

Diorite

'Dolerite'

Dolostone

Dunite

'Felsite'

Gabbro

Gabbroid

Gneiss

Gossan

Granite

'Granitic gneiss'

Granodiorite

Greenschist

Greenstone

'H5-6 chondrite meteorite'

H6 chondrite meteorite

Harzburgite

Hornblendite

Hornfels

Hyaloclastite

IAB complex iron meteorite

Ironstone

L6 chondrite meteorite

LL5 chondrite meteorite

Lherzolite

Limestone

Listvenite

'Magnetite skarn'

Marble

Marlstone

Metabasalt

Metamudstone

Metasedimentary rock

Metasomatic-rock

'Microdiorite'

Monzogabbro

Monzonite

Nepheline-syenite

Ophicalcite

'Ophiolite'

Orthopyroxenite

'Pegmatite'

Peridotite

Phyllite

Plastic

'Porphyry'

Propylite

Pyroxenite

Quartz-diorite

Quartzite

Residual deposit

Rhyodacite

Rhyolite

Rodingite

Sandstone

Sapropelite

Schist

Serpentinite

Shale

Silt

Siltstone

Sinter

Skarn

Spessartite

Syenite

Trachyandesite

Trachydacite

Trachyte

Tuff

Tuff-breccia

Tuffaceous-breccia

'Ultramafic-rock'

'Ungrouped iron meteorite'

Volcanic breccia

Volcaniclastic rock

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
'Aciculite'
Formula: CaFe2O4
Reference: Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
Actinolite
Formula: ☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: Cherkasova, T., Timkin, T., & Savinova, O. (2015). First native silica findings in bismuth from garnet skarns of Ribny Log-2 gold ore target in Topolninsk ore deposit (Gorny Altai). In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 24, No. 1, p. 012033). IOP Publishing.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Makarochkin B.A. Gonibesova K.M., Makarochkina M.S. (1959) Chevkinite from Ilmena Mountains, - Zapiski VMO, pt.88, N5, pp. 546-553 (in Rus.)
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=841
Aeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Aeschynite-(Nd)
Formula: (Nd,Ln,Ca)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=1227; Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. The mineralogy of the historical Mochalin Log REE deposit, South Urals, Russia. Part I. New gatelite-group minerals ferriperbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Fe 3+ Al 2 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2, and perbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Al 3 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-35.
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=1227; Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. The mineralogy of the historical Mochalin Log REE deposit, South Urals, Russia. Part I. New gatelite-group minerals ferriperbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Fe 3+ Al 2 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2, and perbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Al 3 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-35.
'Afanasievaite'
Formula: Ca8(Si2O7)2Cl2O
Reference: Exotic Minerals of Russia.
Agardite-(Ce)
Formula: CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Vladimir Yu. Karpenko data
Aikinite (TL)
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - \; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706; Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.; Vikentyev, I. V., & Vikentyeva, O. V. (2015). Precious metal minerals and “invisible” gold in sulfide ores of Urals. In Mater. of ХII Int. Sci. Conf.“Advanced Technologies, Equipment and Analytical Systems for Materials and Nano-Materials (Vol. 3, pp. 33-41).
'Åkermanite-Gehlenite Series'
Reference: Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
Akhtenskite (TL)
Formula: ε-Mn4+O2
Type Locality:
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Aktashite
Formula: Cu6Hg3As4S12
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; American Mineralogist, 82, 620-624; Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.; Vikentyev, I. V., & Vikentyeva, O. V. (2015). Precious metal minerals and “invisible” gold in sulfide ores of Urals. In Mater. of ХII Int. Sci. Conf.“Advanced Technologies, Equipment and Analytical Systems for Materials and Nano-Materials (Vol. 3, pp. 33-41).; Kasatkin, A.V., Makovicky, E., Plášil, J., Škoda, R., Agakhanov, A.A, Karpenko, V.Y. and Nestola, F. (2018) Tsygankoite, Mn8Tl8Hg2(Sb21Pb2Tl)S24S48, a New Sulfosalt from the Vorontsovskoe Gold Deposit, Northern Urals, Russia. Minerals: 8(5): 218.; Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Brusnitsyn A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural, - S.-Peterburg Univercity press, p. 200 (in Rus.).
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Albite var. Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Soloviev, S.G., Kryazhev, S.G., and Dvurechenskaya, S.S., (2013) Geology, mineralization, stable isotope geochemistry, and fluid inclusion characteristics of the Novogodnee-Monto oxidized Au-(Cu) skarn and porphyry deposit, Polar Ural, Russia: Mineralium Deposits, v. 48, p. 603–627.
Albite var. Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 108
Albite var. Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Description: In diabase metabasites. Replaces albite.
Reference: I.I Likhanov et al., Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 379-389.
Albite var. Oligoclase-Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Sokol, E. V., Seryotkin, Y. V., & Bul’bak, T. A. (2010). Na-Li-Be-rich cordierite from the Murzinka pegmatite field, Middle Urals, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(4), 565-575.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
'Albovite'
Formula: Ca2(SiO4)·CaCl2
Reference: Exotic Minerals of Russia.
Aleksite
Formula: PbBi2Te2S2
Reference: Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.; Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer, Cham.
Alexkuznetsovite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ce2Mn(CO3)(Si2O7)
Type Locality:
Reference: Kasatkin, A.V., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Škoda, R., Agakhanov, A.A., Belakovskiy, D.I. (2020): Alexkuznetsovite-(Ce), IMA 2019-118; in: CNMNC Newsletter 54. Eur. J. Mineral.: 32, https://doi.org/10.5194/ejm-32-275-2020; Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. The mineralogy of the historical Mochalin Log REE deposit, South Urals, Russia. Part I. New gatelite-group minerals ferriperbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Fe 3+ Al 2 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2, and perbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Al 3 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-35.
Alexkuznetsovite-(La) (TL)
Formula: La2Mn(CO3)(Si2O7)
Type Locality:
Reference: Kasatkin, A.V., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Škoda, R., Agakhanov, A.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2019): Alexkuznetsovite-(La), IMA 2019-081. CNMNC Newsletter No. 52; Mineralogical Magazine: 83; https://doi.org/10.1180/mgm.2019.73; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=15946; Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. The mineralogy of the historical Mochalin Log REE deposit, South Urals, Russia. Part I. New gatelite-group minerals ferriperbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Fe 3+ Al 2 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2, and perbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Al 3 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-35.
Aliettite ?
Formula: Ca0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(5), 403-415.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Soboleva, A.A., Varlamov, D., Mayorova, T. (2011): New Gallium End-Member in Epidote Group. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2011, abstract #V41B-2501
Allanite-(Ce) var. Bagrationite (of Koksharov)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Mineraly - textbook under edition of F.V. Chukhrov, Moscow, Nauka, 1972, v.3 pt.1, pp. 728-766 (in Rus.)
Allanite-(Ce) var. Chromium-bearing Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{(Al,Cr)2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Allanite-(Ce) var. Gallian Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Soboleva, A.A., Varlamov, D., Mayorova, T. (2011): New Gallium End-Member in Epidote Group. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2011, abstract #V41B-2501
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Belyaev, E. V. (2010, November). The polygenous nature of the Patyn ore—magmatic cluster (Mountainous Shoriya). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 435, No. 1, pp. 1420-1422). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Allanite-(La)
Formula: {CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data; Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. The mineralogy of the historical Mochalin Log REE deposit, South Urals, Russia. Part I. New gatelite-group minerals ferriperbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Fe 3+ Al 2 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2, and perbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Al 3 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-35.
Alleghanyite
Formula: Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Brusnitsyn, A. I.; Kalugin, P. S. (2012): Kellyite in manganese-bearing rocks of the Parnokskoye deposit (Polar Urals). Zapiski Rossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 141, 83-90 (in Russian).
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Reference: Melekestseva, I. Yu. (2005): The first discovery of alloclasite in the Urals. Doklady Earth Sciences 400, 105-108.
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: International Geology Review Volume 19, Issue 2, 1977, Pages 125 - 136
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: http://webcenter.ru/~minbooks/murz_kaz.html
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Reference: Rock Currier
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: Мансуров, Р. Х., Андреев, А. В., Двуреченская, С. С., & Викентьев, И. В. (2017). Геолого-структурные особенности крупнообъемного прожилково-вкрапленного золотосульфидного оруденения Петропавловского месторождения (Полярный Урал). Вестник института геологии Коми научного центра Уральского отделения РАН, (3 (267)).
Aluminium
Formula: Al
Reference: 6th orogenic lherzolite conference 2014 Morocco; Yang, J., Meng, F., Xu, X., Robinson, P. T., Dilek, Y., Makeyev, A. B., ... & Cliff, J. (2015). Diamonds, native elements and metal alloys from chromitites of the Ray-Iz ophiolite of the Polar Urals. Gondwana Research, 27(2), 459-485.
Alumohydrocalcite (TL)
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 281.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: International Geology Review Volume 19, Issue 2, 1977, Pages 125 - 136
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
'Amminite'
Formula: Zn(NH3)2Cl2
Reference: Igor Pekov (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., Garuti, G., Krause, J., Dvornik, G. P., Stanley, C., & Bindi, L. (2013). Platinum-group minerals (PGM) nuggets from alluvial-eluvial placer deposits in the concentrically zoned mafic-ultramafic Uktus complex (Central Urals, Russia). European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(4), 519-531.
'Amphibole Supergroup var. Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Andrey Vishnevskiy/Novosibirsk State University specimens
'Amphibole Supergroup var. Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Safina, N. P., Maslennikov, V. V., Maslennikova, S. P., Kotlyarov, V. A., Danyushevsky, L. V., Large, R. R., & Blinov, I. A. (2015). Banded sulfide-magnetite ores of Mauk copper massive sulfide deposit, Central Urals: Composition and genesis. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(3), 197-212.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Shi, G., Harlow, G. E., Wang, J., Wang, J., Ng, E., Wang, X., ... & Cui, W. (2012). Mineralogy of jadeitite and related rocks from Myanmar: a review with new data. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24(2), 345-370.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: P Haas collection; Cook, R. B. (2002). Connoisseur's Choice: Anatase, Hardangervidda, Ullensvang, Norway. Rocks & Minerals, 77(6), 400-403.
'Ancylite'
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: [MinRec 30:465]
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Cherkasova, T., Timkin, T., & Savinova, O. (2015). First native silica findings in bismuth from garnet skarns of Ribny Log-2 gold ore target in Topolninsk ore deposit (Gorny Altai). In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 24, No. 1, p. 012033). IOP Publishing.
Andradite var. Demantoid
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Sehrig, M. (2008): Lapis 33 (11), 32-35.
Andradite var. Hydroandradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Reference: Murzin, V. V., Chudnenko, K. V., Palyanova, G. A., Varlamov, D. A., Naumov, E. A., & Pirajno, F. (2018). Physicochemical model for the genesis of Cu-Ag-Au-Hg solid solutions and intermetallics in the rodingites of the Zolotaya Gora gold deposit (Urals, Russia). Ore Geology Reviews, 93, 81-97.; Murzin, V. V., Varlamov, D. A., Ronkin, Y. L., & Shanina, S. N. (2013). Origin of Au-bearing rodingite in the Karabash massif of alpine-type ultramafic rocks in the southern Urals. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(4), 278-297.
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Anduoite
Formula: (Ru,Os)As2
Reference: Barkov, A. Y., Tolstykh, N. D., Shvedov, G. I., & Martin, R. F. (2018). Ophiolite-related associations of platinum-group minerals at Rudnaya, western Sayans, and Miass, southern Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-32.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Soboleva, A.A., Varlamov, D., Mayorova, T. (2011): New Gallium End-Member in Epidote Group. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2011, abstract #V41B-2501
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Cherkasova, T., Timkin, T., & Savinova, O. (2015). First native silica findings in bismuth from garnet skarns of Ribny Log-2 gold ore target in Topolninsk ore deposit (Gorny Altai). In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 24, No. 1, p. 012033). IOP Publishing.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: http://webcenter.ru/~minbooks/murz_kaz.html
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Garuti, G., Pushkarev, E. V., Zaccarini, F., Cabella, R., & Anikina, E. (2003). Chromite composition and platinum-group mineral assemblage in the Uktus Uralian-Alaskan-type complex (Central Urals, Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 38(3), 312-326.
Anorthite var. Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Soloviev, S.G., Kryazhev, S.G., and Dvurechenskaya, S.S., (2013) Geology, mineralization, stable isotope geochemistry, and fluid inclusion characteristics of the Novogodnee-Monto oxidized Au-(Cu) skarn and porphyry deposit, Polar Ural, Russia: Mineralium Deposits, v. 48, p. 603–627.
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: http://rruff.info/Anthophyllite/R070245
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Dana 7:I:654.
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/ural/srednji.htm; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Murzin, V. V., Varlamov, D. A., Ronkin, Y. L., & Shanina, S. N. (2013). Origin of Au-bearing rodingite in the Karabash massif of alpine-type ultramafic rocks in the southern Urals. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(4), 278-297.
Anyuiite
Formula: AuPb2
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Reference: Soloviev, S.G., Kryazhev, S.G., and Dvurechenskaya, S.S., (2013) Geology, mineralization, stable isotope geochemistry, and fluid inclusion characteristics of the Novogodnee-Monto oxidized Au-(Cu) skarn and porphyry deposit, Polar Ural, Russia: Mineralium Deposits, v. 48, p. 603–627.
'Apatite var. Carbonate-rich Apatite'
Reference: Zanin, Y. N., Tsykin, R. A., & Dar’in, A. V. (2005). Phosphorites of the Arkheologicheskaya cave (Khakassia, east Siberia). Lithology and Mineral Resources, 40(1), 48-55.
'Apatite var. Collophane'
Reference: Rudmin, M.; Reva, I.; Sokol, E.; Abdullayev, E.; Ruban, A.; Kudryavtsev, A.; Tolkachev, O.; Mazurov, A. (2020) Minerals of Rare Earth Elements in High-Phosphorus Ooidal Ironstones of the Western Siberia and Turgai Depression. Minerals 10, 11.
'Apatite Group'
Reference: Sorokina, E. S., Rassomakhin, M. A., Nikandrov, S. N., Karampelas, S., Kononkova, N. N., Nikolaev, A. G., ... & Kotlyarov, V. A. (2019). Origin of Blue Sapphire in Newly Discovered Spinel–Chlorite–Muscovite Rocks within Meta-Ultramafites of Ilmen Mountains, South Urals of Russia: Evidence from Mineralogy, Geochemistry, Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd Isotopic Data. Minerals, 9(1), 36.
'Aquasidite'
Formula: CaCl2
Reference: Igor Pekov (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Ardennite-(As)
Formula: Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Description: In diabase metabasites.
Reference: I.I Likhanov et al., Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 379-389.
Armalcolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
Reference: Sharygin, V. V., & Sokol, E. V. (2010). Metal-phosphide-sulfide association in paralavas from natural fires and burned waste dumps (Kuznetsk and Chelyabinsk coal basins, Russia). In Proceedings of «ICCFR2–Second International Conference on Coal Fire Research». Berlin, Germany (pp. 410-411).
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data; Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.; Vikentyev, I. V., & Vikentyeva, O. V. (2015). Precious metal minerals and “invisible” gold in sulfide ores of Urals. In Mater. of ХII Int. Sci. Conf.“Advanced Technologies, Equipment and Analytical Systems for Materials and Nano-Materials (Vol. 3, pp. 33-41).; Kasatkin, A.V., Makovicky, E., Plášil, J., Škoda, R., Agakhanov, A.A, Karpenko, V.Y. and Nestola, F. (2018) Tsygankoite, Mn8Tl8Hg2(Sb21Pb2Tl)S24S48, a New Sulfosalt from the Vorontsovskoe Gold Deposit, Northern Urals, Russia. Minerals: 8(5): 218.
Arsenoflorencite-(La) (TL)
Formula: LaAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6
Type Locality:
Reference: IMA proposals approved January 2010
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Vertushkov, G.N. [Вертушков, Г.Н.] (1938): Arsenolite from the Blagodatnyi mines in the Urals [Арсенолит из Благодатных рудников на Урале]. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva [Записки Всесоюзного Минералогического Общества], 67, 3, 488 (in Russian).
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Reference: Cherkasova, T., Timkin, T., & Savinova, O. (2015). First native silica findings in bismuth from garnet skarns of Ribny Log-2 gold ore target in Topolninsk ore deposit (Gorny Altai). In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 24, No. 1, p. 012033). IOP Publishing.
Artinite
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Arzakite'
Formula: Hg2+3S2(Br,Cl)2
Reference: Мороз Т.Н., Горяйнов С.В., Похиленко Н.П., Подгорных Н.М., Нишанбаев Т.П. Спектры комбинационного рассеяния света метеорита Челябинск // Метеорит Челябинск - год на Земле. 2014. c. 589-597 (in Rus.).
'Asbestos'
Reference: Filina, M.I., Sorokina, E.S., Botcharnikov, R., Karampelas, S., Rassomakhin, M.A., Kononkova, N.N., Nikolaev, A.G., Berndt, J., Hofmeister, W. (2019) Corundum Anorthosites-Kyshtymites from the South Urals, Russia: A Combined Mineralogical, Geochemical, and U-Pb Zircon Geochronological Study. Minerals, 9(4), 234.
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Kievlenko E.V., Senkevich N.N. (1983) Geology of gem stone deposits, - Moscow, "Nedra", pp. 97-99 (in Rus.)
'Asbophite'
Reference: Heys Mineral Index 3rd ed.
'Asperolite'
Formula: near CuSiO3 · 3H2O
Reference: Heys Mineral Index 3rd ed.
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=2157
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 72; Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 29
Atheneite
Formula: Pd2As0.75Hg0.25
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Soloviev, S.G., Kryazhev, S.G., and Dvurechenskaya, S.S., (2013) Geology, mineralization, stable isotope geochemistry, and fluid inclusion characteristics of the Novogodnee-Monto oxidized Au-(Cu) skarn and porphyry deposit, Polar Ural, Russia: Mineralium Deposits, v. 48, p. 603–627.
Augite var. Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXI; Casanova, I., & Grossman, L. (1993, March). Distribution of vanadium and melting of opaque assemblages in Efremovka CAI's. In Lunar and Planetary Institute Science Conference Abstracts (Vol. 24, pp. 257-258).
Augite var. Titanian Augite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Reference: Sazonov Anatoliy, Vulf Marina, Leont’ev Sergey (2001) Geochemical Zoning of Ore Body of Kiya-shaltyr Deposit (Kyznetskiy Alatay). Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.; USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p76
Aurichalcite (TL)
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 250.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Boettger T (1839) Chemische untersuchung des aurichalcits, eines neuen kupfererzes vom Altai, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 48, 495-500
Auricupride (TL)
Formula: Cu3Au
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Murzin, V. V., Chudnenko, K. V., Palyanova, G. A., Varlamov, D. A., Naumov, E. A., & Pirajno, F. (2018). Physicochemical model for the genesis of Cu-Ag-Au-Hg solid solutions and intermetallics in the rodingites of the Zolotaya Gora gold deposit (Urals, Russia). Ore Geology Reviews, 93, 81-97.; Murzin, V. V., Varlamov, D. A., Ronkin, Y. L., & Shanina, S. N. (2013). Origin of Au-bearing rodingite in the Karabash massif of alpine-type ultramafic rocks in the southern Urals. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(4), 278-297.
Auricupride var. Rozhkovite
Formula: Cu3Au
Reference: Murzin, V. V., Varlamov, D. A., Ronkin, Y. L., & Shanina, S. N. (2013). Origin of Au-bearing rodingite in the Karabash massif of alpine-type ultramafic rocks in the southern Urals. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(4), 278-297.
Avdoninite
Formula: K2Cu5(OH)4Cl8 · H2O
Reference: Am Min 2009 p1076
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., Garuti, G., Kazakov, I. (2016): Platinum-Group Minerals and Other Accessory Phases in Chromite Deposits of the Alapaevsk Ophiolite, Central Urals, Russia. Minerals: 6: 108;
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Reference: No reference listed
Axinite-(Mg)
Formula: Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OH
Reference: Erokhin, Y.V., and Shagalov, E.S. (2007): RMS Annual Session, Moscow (Russia), 8-10 October 2007.
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Reference: Pletnev P. (1995) Mineralogy of gondites and metavolcanic rocks of Kogaevskogo Mn deposit. Urals Summer Mineralogical School-1995. 58-60
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: http://be.sci-lib.com/article051435.html
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Bakhchisaraitsevite
Formula: Na2Mg5(PO4)4 · 7H2O
Balkanite
Formula: Cu9Ag5HgS8
Reference: Zaykov, V. V., Melekestseva, I. Y., Zaykova, E. V., Kotlyarov, V. A., & Kraynev, Y. D. (2017). Gold and platinum group minerals in placers of the South Urals: Composition, microinclusions of ore minerals and primary sources. Ore Geology Reviews, 85, 299-320.
Bannisterite
Formula: (Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2O
Reference: Brusnitsyn A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural, - S.-Peterburg Univercity press, p. 200 (in Rus.).
Barioferrite
Formula: BaFe3+12O19
Reference: Sharygin, V. V. (2015). Mayenite-supergroup minerals from burned dump of the Chelyabinsk Coal Basin. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(11), 1603-1621.
Barringerite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)2P
Reference: Sharygin, V. V., & Sokol, E. V. (2010). Metal-phosphide-sulfide association in paralavas from natural fires and burned waste dumps (Kuznetsk and Chelyabinsk coal basins, Russia). In Proceedings of «ICCFR2–Second International Conference on Coal Fire Research». Berlin, Germany (pp. 410-411).
Barylite
Formula: Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=841
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: Brusnitsyn, A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural. St. Petersburg University press, p. 200 (in Russ.).
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Safina, N.P.; Melekestseva, I.Y.; Ayupova, N.R.; Maslennikov, V.V.; Maslennikova, S.P.; Artemyev, D.A.; Blinov, I.A. (2020) Authigenesis at the Urals Massive Sulfide Deposits: Insight from Pyrite Nodules Hosted in Ore Diagenites. Minerals 10, 193.; Ayupova, N. R., Maslennikov, V. V., Artem’ev, D. A., & Blinov, I. A. (2019). Mineralogical and Geochemical Features of Pyrite Nodules from Sulfide Turbidites in the Talgan Cu-Zn Massive Sulfide Deposit (Southern Urals). Lithology and Mineral Resources, 54(6), 447-464.; Ayupova, N. R., Maslennikov, V. V., & Filippova, K. A. (2019, August). REE Geochemistry and Mineralogy in Ores of the Talgan Cu–Zn Massive Sulfide Deposit, Southern Urals. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 487, No. 2, pp. 973-975). Pleiades Publishing.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=841
Bastnäsite-(La)
Formula: La(CO3)F
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 290; P.M. Kartashov data; Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. The mineralogy of the historical Mochalin Log REE deposit, South Urals, Russia. Part I. New gatelite-group minerals ferriperbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Fe 3+ Al 2 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2, and perbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Al 3 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-35.
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: Avdonin V.N., Polenov Yu.A. (2004) Essays on Uralian minerals, - UGGA press, p. 419 (in Rus.).
Bazhenovite (TL)
Formula: Ca8S2(S3)(S2O3)(OH)12 · 20H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: ZVMO,(1987) 116, 737-743; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Bazzite
Formula: Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Reference: Liferovich, R.P., Subbotin, V.V., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Lyalina, M.F. (1998) A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor Massif, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 971-980.
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Litvinovich, A. N. & Loginova, M. D. (1960): Elements in small amounts in ores of the Leninogorsk mining field. Trudy Altaisk. Gorno-Met. Nauch.-Issledovatel. Inst., Akad. Nauk Kazakh. S.S.R. (1960), 9, 92-103.
'Belosharite'
Formula: Mg4(OH)6(SO4)·7H2O
Reference: Exotic Minerals of Russia.
Bementite
Formula: Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=1551
Benavidesite
Formula: Pb4MnSb6S14
Reference: Kasatkin, A.V., Makovicky, E., Plášil, J., Škoda, R., Agakhanov, A.A, Karpenko, V.Y. and Nestola, F. (2018) Tsygankoite, Mn8Tl8Hg2(Sb21Pb2Tl)S24S48, a New Sulfosalt from the Vorontsovskoe Gold Deposit, Northern Urals, Russia. Minerals: 8(5): 218.
Benleonardite
Formula: [Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te][Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
Reference: Maslennikov, V. V., Maslennikova, S. P., Large, R. R., Danyushevsky, L. V., Herrington, R. J., & Stanley, C. J. (2013). Tellurium-bearing minerals in zoned sulfide chimneys from Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposits of the Urals, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(1), 67-99.
Berryite
Formula: Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Reference: Murzin, V. V., & Sazonov, V. N. (1999). Gold-Bearing Mineral Assemblages in the Copper and Iron Skarn Deposits of the Tur'insk-Auerbakhovsk Ore Field and Their Formation Condition (the Urals, Russia). Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 41, 308-321.
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Reference: Rudmin, M.; Reva, I.; Sokol, E.; Abdullayev, E.; Ruban, A.; Kudryavtsev, A.; Tolkachev, O.; Mazurov, A. (2020) Minerals of Rare Earth Elements in High-Phosphorus Ooidal Ironstones of the Western Siberia and Turgai Depression. Minerals 10, 11.
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Mozgova, N. N., Nenasheva, S. N., Borodaev, Y. S., & Yudovskaya, M. A. (1994). Nuffieldite from the Maleevskoe massive sulfide deposit, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 32(2), 359-364.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Sokol, E. V., Seryotkin, Y. V., & Bul’bak, T. A. (2010). Na-Li-Be-rich cordierite from the Murzinka pegmatite field, Middle Urals, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(4), 565-575.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 2:93]
Beryl var. Alkali-beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Igor Savin's data; Igor Savin's data
Beryl var. Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: Popova, V. I., Popov, V. A., Sokolova, E. V., Ferraris, G., & Chukanov, N. V. (2002). Kanonerovite, MnNa3P3O10· 12H2O, first triphosphate mineral (Kazennitsa pegmatite, Middle Urals, Russia). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Monatshefte, 2002(3), 117-127.
Beryl var. Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: E. Y. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of Gems, 82-83
Beryl var. Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: "Murzinnka" Mineralogical Almanac Volume 5, 2002
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Yakovleva, V. A., Belogub, E. V., & Novoselov, K. A. (2003). Supergene iron sulpho-selenides from the Zapadno-Ozernoe copper-zinc massive sulphide deposit, South Urals, Russia: a new solid-solution series between pyrite FeS2 and dzharkenite FeSe2. Mineralogical Magazine 67(2), 339-354; Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Yakovleva, V.A., and Spiro, B. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 239-254
Beudantite var. Copper-bearing Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 88, pages 475–479, 2003
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Reference: Кориневский, В. Г., & Кориневский, Е. В. (2006). Калиймагнезиогастингсит (K, Na) Ca 2 (Mg, Fe 2+) 4 (Fe 3+, Al, Т1)[Si 6 А1 2 О 22](ОН, С1) 2-новый минеральный вид амфиболов. Записки Российского минералогического общества, 135(2), 49-57.
Biraite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce2Fe2+(Si2O7)(CO3)
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=1227; Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. The mineralogy of the historical Mochalin Log REE deposit, South Urals, Russia. Part I. New gatelite-group minerals ferriperbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Fe 3+ Al 2 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2, and perbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Al 3 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-35.
Biraite-(La)
Formula: La2Fe2+(CO3)(Si2O7)
Reference: Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Agakhanov, A. A., Belakovskiy, D. I., Kuznetsov, A. M., Pushcharovsky, D. Y.: Biraite-(La), IMA 2020-020, in: CNMNC Newsletter 56, Eur. J. Mineral.: 32; https://doi.org/10.5194/ejm-32-443-2020, 2020
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012)
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Cherkasova, T., Timkin, T., & Savinova, O. (2015). First native silica findings in bismuth from garnet skarns of Ribny Log-2 gold ore target in Topolninsk ore deposit (Gorny Altai). In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 24, No. 1, p. 012033). IOP Publishing.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Cherkasova, T., Timkin, T., & Savinova, O. (2015). First native silica findings in bismuth from garnet skarns of Ribny Log-2 gold ore target in Topolninsk ore deposit (Gorny Altai). In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 24, No. 1, p. 012033). IOP Publishing.
Bismutohauchecornite
Formula: Ni9Bi2S8
Reference: Koroteev, V.A., Popov, M.P., Erokhin, Yu.V., Khiller, V.V. (2017): Parkerite and Bismutohauchecornite in Chromitites of the Urals: Example of the Uralian Emerald Mines. Doklady Earth Sciences, 473, 438-440
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Reference: Igor.V. Pekov, Lyudmila R. Memetova (2008) Minerals of the Lipovka Granite Pegmatites, Central Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Almanac 13:6-45
Bismutotantalite
Formula: Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Reference: Igor.V. Pekov, Lyudmila R. Memetova (2008) Minerals of the Lipovka Granite Pegmatites, Central Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Almanac 13:6-45
'Bitumen'
Reference: Azovskova, O. B., Malyugin, A. A., Nekrasova, A. A., & Yanchenko, M. Y. (2013, January). Pyrite from zones of Mz-Kz reactivation of large faults on the eastern slope of the Ural Mountains, Russia. In Proceedings of World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology (No. 79, p. 182). World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology (WASET).
Bityite
Formula: LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Reference: Kassandrov, E. G., & Mazurov, M. P. (2009). Magmatogenic manganese ores of the South Minusa Intermontane Trough. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(5), 356.
Bohdanowiczite
Formula: AgBiSe2
Reference: Maslennikov, V. V., Ayupova, N. R., Safina, N. P., Tseluyko, A. S., Melekestseva, I. Y., Large, R. R., ... & Tessalina, S. G. (2019). Mineralogical Features of Ore Diagenites in the Urals Massive Sulfide Deposits, Russia. Minerals, 9(3), 150.
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Sidorenko, A. V. [Сидоренко, А.В.], ed. [pед.] (1973) Map of baux­ite deposits in the USSR. Scale 1:5,000,000 [Карта бокситоносности СССР. Масштаб 1:5 000 000]. Vsesoyuznyy Nauchno-Issledovatel'skiy Geologicheskiy Institut [Всесоюзный Научно-Исследовательский Геологический Институт], Moscow [Москва], 4 sheets (in Russian); Patterson, S.H., Kurtz, H.F., Olson, J.C., and Neeley, C.L. (1986) World bauxite resources. Geology and resources of aluminum. U. S. Geological Survey professional paper 1076-B. United States Government Printing Office, Washington, 151 pp.
Bonattite
Formula: CuSO4 · 3H2O
Reference: D. Krinov data
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Reference: T Timkin et al (2015) Estimating gold-ore mineralization potential within Topolninsk ore field (Gorny Altai). IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 27 012010
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.; Vikentyev, I. V., & Vikentyeva, O. V. (2015). Precious metal minerals and “invisible” gold in sulfide ores of Urals. In Mater. of ХII Int. Sci. Conf.“Advanced Technologies, Equipment and Analytical Systems for Materials and Nano-Materials (Vol. 3, pp. 33-41).; Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
Boussingaultite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Bowieite
Formula: (Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Bindi, L., Pushkarev, E., Garuti, G., & Bakker, R. J. (2016). Multi-analytical characterization of minerals of the bowieite–kashinite series from the Svetly Bor complex, Urals, Russia, and comparison with worldwide occurrences. The Canadian Mineralogist, 54(2), 461-473.
Braggite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Reference: Zhmodik, S. M., Nesterenko, G. V., Airiyants, E. V., Belyanin, D. K., Kolpakov, V. V., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Karmanov, N. S. (2016). Alluvial platinum-group minerals as indicators of primary PGE mineralization (placers of southern Siberia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 57(10), 1437-1464.
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=3575
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=841
Brochantite (TL)
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 543.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Brockite
Formula: (Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Reference: Sorokina, E. S., Rassomakhin, M. A., Nikandrov, S. N., Karampelas, S., Kononkova, N. N., Nikolaev, A. G., ... & Kotlyarov, V. A. (2019). Origin of Blue Sapphire in Newly Discovered Spinel–Chlorite–Muscovite Rocks within Meta-Ultramafites of Ilmen Mountains, South Urals of Russia: Evidence from Mineralogy, Geochemistry, Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd Isotopic Data. Minerals, 9(1), 36.
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017, Vladimir Ilyushenko material
Bromargyrite var. Iodian Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017, Vladimir Ilyushenko material
Bromellite
Formula: BeO
Reference: Avdonin V.N., Polenov Yu.A. (2004) Essays on Uralian minerals, - UGGA press, p. 419 (in Rus.).
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Description: Crystal on quartz, 1.87 inches
Reference: Burlakov, J. V. (1995): Dodo: Alpine Klüfte im Polar-Ural. Lapis. 20 (3), 13-26, 35
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
'Bucklandite (of Hermann)'
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Mineraly - textbook under edition of F.V. Chukhrov, Moscow, Nauka, 1972, v.3 pt.1, pp. 728-766 (in Rus.)
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
'Bursaite'
Formula: Pb5Bi4S11 (?)
Reference: Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.; Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer, Cham.
'Buserite'
Formula: Na4Mn14O27 · 21H2O
Reference: Palchik, N. A., Moroz, T. N., Grigorieva, T. N., & Miroshnichenko, L. V. (2014). Manganese minerals from the Miassovo freshwater lake: Composition and structure. Russian Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, 59(5), 511-518.
Bushmakinite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Al(PO4)(VO4)(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 88, pages 475–479, 2003
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Vikent'ev, I.V., Moloshag, V.P. and Yudovskaya, M.A. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 77-107.; Vinokurov, S. F., Vikent’ev, I. V., & Sychkova, V. A. (2010). Determining ionic gold species in massive sulfide ores. Geochemistry International, 48(5), 510-516.
Calciborite (TL)
Formula: Ca(B2O4)
Type Locality:
Reference: [AmMin 85:1322]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Calcic garnet'
Formula: Ca3X3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Sharygin, V. V., & Ivanov, O. K. (2014) Cr-rich “tiooxyspinel” mineral from Kosva dunite massif, Middle Urals: possible link between spinel-and tiospinel-group minerals. 30th International Conference on “Ore Potential of Alkaline, Kimberlite and Carbonatite Magmatism”29 September – 02 October 2014 Antalya TURKEY
'Calcioancylite'
Reference: Murzin, V. V., Varlamov, D. A., Ronkin, Y. L., & Shanina, S. N. (2013). Origin of Au-bearing rodingite in the Karabash massif of alpine-type ultramafic rocks in the southern Urals. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(4), 278-297.
Calcioancylite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Reference: Belovitskaya, Y. V., Pekov, I. V., Gobechiya, E. R., & Kabalov, Y. K. (2013). Refinement of the crystal structure of calcioancylite-(Ce) by the Rietveld method. Crystallography Reports, 58(2), 216-219.
Calcio-olivine
Formula: Ca2SiO4
Reference: Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 96 localities in this region.
Reference: Cherkasova, T., Timkin, T., & Savinova, O. (2015). First native silica findings in bismuth from garnet skarns of Ribny Log-2 gold ore target in Topolninsk ore deposit (Gorny Altai). In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 24, No. 1, p. 012033). IOP Publishing.
Calcite var. Iceland Spar
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: http://be.sci-lib.com/article051435.html
Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
'Caldecahydrite'
Formula: CaAl2O4 · 10(H2O)
Reference: Igor Pekov (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Wilson, W.E. (2016) The Berezovsk District, Sverdlov Oblast, Russia. Mineralogical Record 47, 399-454.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Filina, M.I., Sorokina, E.S., Botcharnikov, R., Karampelas, S., Rassomakhin, M.A., Kononkova, N.N., Nikolaev, A.G., Berndt, J., Hofmeister, W. (2019) Corundum Anorthosites-Kyshtymites from the South Urals, Russia: A Combined Mineralogical, Geochemical, and U-Pb Zircon Geochronological Study. Minerals, 9(4), 234.
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Yarosh, H.A. [Ярош, Н.А.] (1955): Mineralogy of the oxidation zone of the Blagodatnoe deposit in the Middle Urals [К минералогии зоны окисления Благодатного месторождения на Среднем Урале]. Trudy Gorno-geologicheskogo instituta UFAN SSSR [Труды Горно-геологического института УФАН СССР], 26, 50-67 (in Russian); Kobyashev, Yu.S., Nikandrov, S.N. [Кобяшев, Ю.С., Никандров, С.Н.] (2007): Minerals of the Urals (mineral species and varieties) [Минералы Урала (минеральные виды и разновидности)]. Izdatel'stvo Kvadrat, Ekaterinburg, 312 pp. (in Russian).
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Reference: Melekestseva, I. Yu.; Kotlyarov, V. A. (2008): Carrollite of Ivanovskoe cobalt-copper massive sulfide ore deposit, southern Urals. Zapiski Rossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 137, 22-26.
Caryopilite
Formula: Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=1551
Cassedanneite (TL)
Formula: Pb5(CrO4)2(VO4)2 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Am Min 73:11-12 p 1493
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=841
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Sharygin, V. V., & Ivanov, O. K. (2014) Cr-rich “tiooxyspinel” mineral from Kosva dunite massif, Middle Urals: possible link between spinel-and tiospinel-group minerals. 30th International Conference on “Ore Potential of Alkaline, Kimberlite and Carbonatite Magmatism”29 September – 02 October 2014 Antalya TURKEY
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Brusnitsyn A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural, - S.-Peterburg Univercity press, p. 200 (in Rus.).
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. The mineralogy of the historical Mochalin Log REE deposit, South Urals, Russia. Part I. New gatelite-group minerals ferriperbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Fe 3+ Al 2 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2, and perbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Al 3 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-35.
'Cerite'
Reference: Rudmin, M.; Reva, I.; Sokol, E.; Abdullayev, E.; Ruban, A.; Kudryavtsev, A.; Tolkachev, O.; Mazurov, A. (2020) Minerals of Rare Earth Elements in High-Phosphorus Ooidal Ironstones of the Western Siberia and Turgai Depression. Minerals 10, 11.
Cerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 290; N.P. Yushkin e.a. Introduction in topomineralogy of Ural, -"Nauka", Moscow, 1986,p.294.; Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. The mineralogy of the historical Mochalin Log REE deposit, South Urals, Russia. Part I. New gatelite-group minerals ferriperbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Fe 3+ Al 2 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2, and perbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Al 3 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-35.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: Soboleva, A.A., Varlamov, D., Mayorova, T. (2011): New Gallium End-Member in Epidote Group. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2011, abstract #V41B-2501
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
Reference: Maslennikov, V. V., Maslennikova, S. P., Large, R. R., Danyushevsky, L. V., Herrington, R. J., & Stanley, C. J. (2013). Tellurium-bearing minerals in zoned sulfide chimneys from Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposits of the Urals, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(1), 67-99.
'Chabazite'
Reference: Popova, V. I., Popov, V. A., Sokolova, E. V., Ferraris, G., & Chukanov, N. V. (2002). Kanonerovite, MnNa3P3O10· 12H2O, first triphosphate mineral (Kazennitsa pegmatite, Middle Urals, Russia). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Monatshefte, 2002(3), 117-127.
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Igor Savin data; Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Yarosh, H.A. [Ярош, Н.А.] (1955): Mineralogy of the oxidation zone of the Blagodatnoe deposit in the Middle Urals [К минералогии зоны окисления Благодатного месторождения на Среднем Урале]. Trudy Gorno-geologicheskogo instituta UFAN SSSR [Труды Горно-геологического института УФАН СССР], 26, 50-67 (in Russian).
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: T Timkin et al (2015) Estimating gold-ore mineralization potential within Topolninsk ore field (Gorny Altai). IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 27 012010
Chalcophanite
Formula: ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Kotlyarov, V.A., Fadina, I.B. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 583-589.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 93 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Reference: Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Chamosite var. Corundophilite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Ivanov, O. K.; Shilova, T. A. (1978): Chromium-containing corundophilite from the Sarany chromite deposit (the Urals). Miner. Paragenezisy Miner. 1978, 144-147.
'Chamosite-Clinochlore Series'
Description: Fe-rich clinochlore in metabasites. In amygdules with calcite.
Reference: I.I Likhanov et al., Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 379-389.
Charoite
Formula: (K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
Reference: Kasatkin, A.V., Cámara, F., Chukanov, N.V., Škoda, R., Nestola, F., Agakhanov, A.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lednyov, V.S. (2019): Patynite, NaKCa4[Si9O23], a New Mineral from the Patynskiy Massif, Southern Siberia, Russia. Minerals, 9, 611; https://doi.org/10.3390/min9100611
'Chelyabinskite'
Formula: (Ca,Mg)3(SO4,CO3)2[Si(OH)6] · 9H2O (?)
Reference: Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
Cheralite
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Reference: Igor.V. Pekov, Lyudmila R. Memetova (2008) Minerals of the Lipovka Granite Pegmatites, Central Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Almanac 13:6-45
Cherepanovite
Formula: RhAs
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Kojonen, K., Zaccarini, F., & Garuti, G. (2003, April). First finding of native gold in the chromitites of the Ray-Iz ophiolitic complex, Polar Urals. In EGS-AGU-EUG Joint Assembly (Vol. 1, p. 8352).; Shmelev V.R., Perevozchikov B.V., Moloshag V.P. (2014) The Rai-Iz ophiolite massif in the Polar Urals: geology and chromite deposits. Field trip guidebook. 12th International Platinum Symposium. Yekaterinburg: IGG UB RAS, 2014. 44 р.
Chernovite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Y(AsO4)
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Chesofiite'
Formula: Ca9(Si2O7)3·CaCl2
Reference: Chesnokov, B.V., Vilisov, V.A., Bushmakin, A.F., Kotlyarov, V.A., Belogub, E.V. (1994): New minerals from a fired dump of the Chelyabinsk coal basin. Ural. Mineral. Sb. 3, 3-34 (in Russian).; Igor Pekov (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Chevkinite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Chevkinite-(Ce) var. Niobochevkinite (FRL)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4Fe2+(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Nb,Fe3+)2[Si2O7]2O8
Type Locality:
Reference: Makarochkin B.A. Gonibesova K.M., Makarochkina M.S. (1959) Chevkinite from Ilmena Mountains, - Zapiski VMO, pt.88, N5, pp. 546-553 (in Rus.)
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Litvinovich, A. N. & Loginova, M. D. (1960): Elements in small amounts in ores of the Leninogorsk mining field. Trudy Altaisk. Gorno-Met. Nauch.-Issledovatel. Inst., Akad. Nauk Kazakh. S.S.R. (1960), 9, 92-103.
Chlorellestadite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5Cl
Reference: Sharygin, V. V. (2015). Mayenite-supergroup minerals from burned dump of the Chelyabinsk Coal Basin. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(11), 1603-1621.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 65 localities in this region.
Reference: Cherkasova, T., Timkin, T., & Savinova, O. (2015). First native silica findings in bismuth from garnet skarns of Ribny Log-2 gold ore target in Topolninsk ore deposit (Gorny Altai). In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 24, No. 1, p. 012033). IOP Publishing.
Chloritoid (TL)
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Chlormayenite
Formula: Ca12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]
Reference: Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
'Chlorosiderite'
Formula: 4Fe2+(OH)2 · Fe3+OCl · H2O
Reference: Igor Pekov (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Chlorozincite'
Formula: ZnCl2 · 4Zn(OH)2
Reference: Igor Pekov (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Christofschäferite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce3CaMnTiFe(3+)Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. The mineralogy of the historical Mochalin Log REE deposit, South Urals, Russia. Part I. New gatelite-group minerals ferriperbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Fe 3+ Al 2 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2, and perbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Al 3 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-35.
Chromatite
Formula: CaCr6+O4
Reference: Kozlov, A. P., Chanturiya, V. A., Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., & Telegin, Y. M. (2011). Large-volume platinum ore deposits in zonal mafic-ultramafic complexes of the Ural-Alaskan type and the outlook for their development. Geology of ore deposits, 53(5), 374.
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Reference: F. Zaccarini et al. , The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 42, pp. 545-562 (2004).
Chromferide
Formula: Fe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)
Reference: Erokhin, Y. V., Khiller, V. V., Zoloev, K. K., Popov, M. P., & Grigor'ev, V. V. (2014). Mariinskite from the Bazhenovskii ophiolite complex: The second finds in the world. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 455, No. 2, p. 408). Springer Science & Business Media.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., & Garuti, G. (2008). Platinum-group element mineralogy and geochemistry of chromitite of the Kluchevskoy ophiolite complex, central Urals (Russia). Ore Geology Reviews, 33(1), 20-30.
Chromite var. Aluminian Chromite
Formula: Fe(Cr,Al)2O4
Reference: Shmelev V.R., Perevozchikov B.V., Moloshag V.P. (2014) The Rai-Iz ophiolite massif in the Polar Urals: geology and chromite deposits. Field trip guidebook. 12th International Platinum Symposium. Yekaterinburg: IGG UB RAS, 2014. 44 р.
'Chromite-Magnesiochromite Series'
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Chromium
Formula: Cr
Reference: 6th orogenic lherzolite conference 2014 Morocco; Yang, J., Meng, F., Xu, X., Robinson, P. T., Dilek, Y., Makeyev, A. B., ... & Cliff, J. (2015). Diamonds, native elements and metal alloys from chromitites of the Ray-Iz ophiolite of the Polar Urals. Gondwana Research, 27(2), 459-485.
'Chromoamesite'
Formula: Mg2(Al,Cr)(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Reference: Zimin, I. A. (1939): Chromoamesite from the Saranov chromite deposits. Mem. soc. russe mineral. 68 (2), 192-198.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: E. Y. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of Gems, 82-83
Chrysoberyl var. Alexandrite
Formula: BeAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: E. Y. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of Gems, 82-83
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: [World of Stones 2:93 p35]; Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Filina, M.I., Sorokina, E.S., Botcharnikov, R., Karampelas, S., Rassomakhin, M.A., Kononkova, N.N., Nikolaev, A.G., Berndt, J., Hofmeister, W. (2019) Corundum Anorthosites-Kyshtymites from the South Urals, Russia: A Combined Mineralogical, Geochemical, and U-Pb Zircon Geochronological Study. Minerals, 9(4), 234.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Selenium, tellurium and precious metal mineralogy in Uchalinsk copper-zinc-pyritic district, the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012027). IOP Publishing.
'Clays'
Reference: Rudmin, M.; Reva, I.; Sokol, E.; Abdullayev, E.; Ruban, A.; Kudryavtsev, A.; Tolkachev, O.; Mazurov, A. (2020) Minerals of Rare Earth Elements in High-Phosphorus Ooidal Ironstones of the Western Siberia and Turgai Depression. Minerals 10, 11.
Clerite (TL)
Formula: MnSb2S4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; American Mineralogist, 82, 620-624; Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.; Vikentyev, I. V., & Vikentyeva, O. V. (2015). Precious metal minerals and “invisible” gold in sulfide ores of Urals. In Mater. of ХII Int. Sci. Conf.“Advanced Technologies, Equipment and Analytical Systems for Materials and Nano-Materials (Vol. 3, pp. 33-41).; Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.
Clinoatacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S. (2011) Rubtsovskoe deposit, - Mineralogical Almanac, Vol. 16, 96 pp (in Rus).
Clinobehoite (TL)
Formula: Be(OH)2
Reference: Avdonin V.N., Polenov Yu.A. (2004) Essays on Uralian minerals, - UGGA press, p. 419 (in Rus.); Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Kasatkin, A.V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S.N., Pautov, L.A., Pekov, I.V., Varlamov, D.A., Bychkova, Ya. V., Loskutov, A.B., Novgorodova, E.A. (2016): Tatarinovite Са3Al(SO4)[В(ОH)4](ОH)6 · 12H2O, a new ettringite-group mineral from the Bazhenovskoe deposit, Middle Urals, Russia, and its crystal structure. Geology of Ore Deposits 58: 653-665.
Clinochlore var. Chromium-bearing Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Reference: Rob Lavinsky (ex. American Museum of Natural History and Lawrence Conklin specimen)
Clinochlore var. Leuchtenbergite
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Freiberg Mining Academy specimen, now in C. Lemanski collection (#22622CL).
Clinochlore var. Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Soloviev, S.G., Kryazhev, S.G., and Dvurechenskaya, S.S., (2013) Geology, mineralization, stable isotope geochemistry, and fluid inclusion characteristics of the Novogodnee-Monto oxidized Au-(Cu) skarn and porphyry deposit, Polar Ural, Russia: Mineralium Deposits, v. 48, p. 603–627.
Clinochlore var. Sheridanite
Formula: (Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Description: Chondrules are rich in polysynthetically twinned clinopyroxene.
Reference: Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
Clinoferrosilite
Formula: Fe2+SiO3
Reference: Safina, N. P., Maslennikov, V. V., Maslennikova, S. P., Kotlyarov, V. A., Danyushevsky, L. V., Large, R. R., & Blinov, I. A. (2015). Banded sulfide-magnetite ores of Mauk copper massive sulfide deposit, Central Urals: Composition and genesis. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(3), 197-212.
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Popov, V.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., McCammon, C., and Bazhenova, L.F. (2001) Polyakovite-(Ce), (REE,Ca)4(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr3+,Fe3+)2(Ti,Nb)2Si4O22, a new metamict mineral species from the Ilmen Mountains, southern Urals, Russia: mineral description and crystal chemistry. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1095-1104.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Litasov, K. D., Ponomarev, D. S., Bazhan, I. S., Ishikawa, A., Podgornykh, N. M., & Pokhilenko, N. P. (2018, January). Altaite (PbTe) in the Maslyanino Iron Meteorite with Silicate Inclusions. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 478, No. 1, pp. 79-81). Pleiades Publishing.
Clino-suenoite
Formula: □{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Brusnitsyn A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural, - S.-Peterburg Univercity press, p. 200 (in Rus.).
Clinotobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Reference: Belakovskiy D.I. (2003): New acquisitions of the Fersman Mineralogical Museum Russian Academy of Science (1997-2001). New Data on Minerals, 38, 101-112.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Reference: Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., Ryzhkova, S.O., Ugol'kov, V.L., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2008): Lithology and Mineral Resources 43(6), 588-595.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Bliss, J.D., and Moring, B.C., 2011, Ni-Co laterite deposits of the world; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011-1058.
Clintonite var. Valuevite (FRL)
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Heys Mineral Index 3rd ed.
'Cobalt'
Formula: Co
Reference: 6th orogenic lherzolite conference 2014 Morocco; Yang, J., Meng, F., Xu, X., Robinson, P. T., Dilek, Y., Makeyev, A. B., ... & Cliff, J. (2015). Diamonds, native elements and metal alloys from chromitites of the Ray-Iz ophiolite of the Polar Urals. Gondwana Research, 27(2), 459-485.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Cherkasova, T., Timkin, T., & Savinova, O. (2015). First native silica findings in bismuth from garnet skarns of Ribny Log-2 gold ore target in Topolninsk ore deposit (Gorny Altai). In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 24, No. 1, p. 012033). IOP Publishing.
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013), Mikhail Uchitel' specimen
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Reference: Solodov, I.N., Chertok, M.B., Ganina, N.I., and Shulik, L.S. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(1), 61-73.; Doinikova, O. A., Solodov, I. N., & Chertok, M. B. (2009). Mineral composition of uranium ore at the Dalmatovo deposit, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(6), 486-495.
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Reference: Sharygin, V. V., & Sokol, E. V. (2010). Metal-phosphide-sulfide association in paralavas from natural fires and burned waste dumps (Kuznetsk and Chelyabinsk coal basins, Russia). In Proceedings of «ICCFR2–Second International Conference on Coal Fire Research». Berlin, Germany (pp. 410-411).
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Maslennikov, V. V., Maslennikova, S. P., Large, R. R., Danyushevsky, L. V., Herrington, R. J., & Stanley, C. J. (2013). Tellurium-bearing minerals in zoned sulfide chimneys from Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposits of the Urals, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(1), 67-99.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Am. Min. 90:1402-1412 (2005); Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 50
Columbite-(Mg)
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Reference: Nedosekova, I.L. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(2), 129-146.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012)
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Reference: Plotinskaya, O. Y., Grabezhev, A. I., Groznova, E. O., Seltmann, R., & Lehmann, B. (2014). The Late Paleozoic porphyry–epithermal spectrum of the Birgilda–Tomino ore cluster in the South Urals, Russia. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 79, 910-931.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S. (2011) Rubtsovskoe deposit, - Mineralogical Almanac, Vol. 16, 96 pp (in Rus).
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Cerny, P. (1970). Compositional variations in cookeite. The Canadian Mineralogist, 10(4), 636-647.; Igor.V. Pekov, Lyudmila R. Memetova (2008) Minerals of the Lipovka Granite Pegmatites, Central Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Almanac 13:6-45
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: 9th International platinum symposium Chromite-PGE mineralization in the Uktus Alaskan-Type Complex (Central Urals,); Garuti, G., Pushkarev, E.V., and Zaccarini, F. (2002) Composition and paragenesis of Pt alloys from chromitites of the Uralian-Alaskan-type Kytlym and Uktus complexes, northern and central Urals, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 1127-1146.; Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., Garuti, G., Krause, J., Dvornik, G. P., Stanley, C., & Bindi, L. (2013). Platinum-group minerals (PGM) nuggets from alluvial-eluvial placer deposits in the concentrically zoned mafic-ultramafic Uktus complex (Central Urals, Russia). European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(4), 519-531.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Blinov, I. A., Belogub, E. V., Novoselov, K. A., & Philippova, K. A. (2011). Antropogenic Supergenic Mineral of Verhne Arshinskoe Lead Zinc Deposit (Bashkortostan). Башкирский химический журнал, 18(4).
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Copper var. Whitneyite
Formula: Cu
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017, Vladimir Ilyushenko material
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: I.I Likhanov et al., Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 379-389.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Kotlyarov, V.A., Fadina, I.B. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 583-589.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: Van King; 6th orogenic lherzolite conference 2014 Morocco; Yang, J., Meng, F., Xu, X., Robinson, P. T., Dilek, Y., Makeyev, A. B., ... & Cliff, J. (2015). Diamonds, native elements and metal alloys from chromitites of the Ray-Iz ophiolite of the Polar Urals. Gondwana Research, 27(2), 459-485.; Shmelev V.R., Perevozchikov B.V., Moloshag V.P. (2014) The Rai-Iz ophiolite massif in the Polar Urals: geology and chromite deposits. Field trip guidebook. 12th International Platinum Symposium. Yekaterinburg: IGG UB RAS, 2014. 44 р.
Corundum var. Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: [MinRec 32:42]
Corundum var. Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 62
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Vikent'ev, I.V., Moloshag, V.P. and Yudovskaya, M.A. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 77-107.
Coulsonite
Formula: Fe2+V3+2O4
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Crocoite (TL)
Formula: PbCr6+O4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Lomonosov (1763) Grundlagen der Metallurgie: 1: 44 (as Red lead-ore from Beresov); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 648, 650.; Cook, R. B. (2007). Crocoite: Dundas, Tasmania, Australia. Rocks & Minerals, 82(1), 50-54.
Cryolithionite
Formula: Na3Al2(LiF4)3
Reference: Крупенин М.Т., Прохаска В., Ронкин Ю.Л. Природа фтора и рудообразующих растворов флюоритового месторождения Суран (Башкирский мегантиклинорий) по данным изучения лантаноидов, флюидных включений и Sr-Nd систематики // Литосфера, 2012, № 5, стр. 126–144
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(5), 403-415.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Kievlenko E.V., Senkevich N.N. (1983) Geology of gem stone deposits, - Moscow, "Nedra", pp. 97-99 (in Rus.)
Cuproiridsite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., & Garuti, G. (2008). Platinum-group element mineralogy and geochemistry of chromitite of the Kluchevskoy ophiolite complex, central Urals (Russia). Ore Geology Reviews, 33(1), 20-30.
Cuprorhodsite
Formula: (Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4
Reference: 9th International platinum symposium Chromite-PGE mineralization in the Uktus Alaskan-Type Complex (Central Urals,); Garuti, G., Pushkarev, E.V., and Zaccarini, F. (2002) Composition and paragenesis of Pt alloys from chromitites of the Uralian-Alaskan-type Kytlym and Uktus complexes, northern and central Urals, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 1127-1146.; Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., Garuti, G., Krause, J., Dvornik, G. P., Stanley, C., & Bindi, L. (2013). Platinum-group minerals (PGM) nuggets from alluvial-eluvial placer deposits in the concentrically zoned mafic-ultramafic Uktus complex (Central Urals, Russia). European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(4), 519-531.
Cuprostibite
Formula: Cu2(Sb,Tl)
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/ural/srednji.htm; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bryzgalov, I. A., Krivitskaya, N. N., & Spiridonov, E. M. (2007, November). First finding of nisbite and aurostibite in the eastern Transbaikal region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 417, No. 1, pp. 1265-1267). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.; Murzin, V. V., Chudnenko, K. V., Palyanova, G. A., Varlamov, D. A., Naumov, E. A., & Pirajno, F. (2018). Physicochemical model for the genesis of Cu-Ag-Au-Hg solid solutions and intermetallics in the rodingites of the Zolotaya Gora gold deposit (Urals, Russia). Ore Geology Reviews, 93, 81-97.; Murzin, V. V., Varlamov, D. A., Ronkin, Y. L., & Shanina, S. N. (2013). Origin of Au-bearing rodingite in the Karabash massif of alpine-type ultramafic rocks in the southern Urals. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(4), 278-297.
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: Zateeva, S. N., Sokol, E. V., & Sharygin, V. V. (2007). Specificity of pyrometamorphic minerals of the ellestadite group. Geology of Ore Deposits, 49(8), 792-805.
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Sumin, N. G. (1941): Cyanotrichite from Mednorudiansk and Kounrad deposits. Acad. Sci. URSS, B., Ser. Geol.. 6, 77-84. (in Russian with English summary); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 579.
Dalnegroite
Formula: (Tl4Pb2)(As12Sb8)S34
Reference: Kasatkin, A.V., Makovicky, E., Plášil, J., Škoda, R., Agakhanov, A.A, Karpenko, V.Y. and Nestola, F. (2018) Tsygankoite, Mn8Tl8Hg2(Sb21Pb2Tl)S24S48, a New Sulfosalt from the Vorontsovskoe Gold Deposit, Northern Urals, Russia. Minerals: 8(5): 218.
Danalite
Formula: Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: S.Kolisnichenko
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Reference: Igor.V. Pekov, Lyudmila R. Memetova (2008) Minerals of the Lipovka Granite Pegmatites, Central Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Almanac 13:6-45
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Igor Savin data; Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Daubréeite
Formula: (BiO)(OH,Cl)
Reference: Barkov, A. Y., Tolstykh, N. D., Shvedov, G. I., & Martin, R. F. (2018). Ophiolite-related associations of platinum-group minerals at Rudnaya, western Sayans, and Miass, southern Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-32.
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
'Davidite'
Reference: Solodov, I.N., Chertok, M.B., Ganina, N.I., and Shulik, L.S. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(1), 61-73.
Davidite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 39, pp. 1095-1104 (2001)
Davidite-(La)
Formula: La(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
'Davidite-(Y)' (FRL)
Formula: (La,Ce,Na,Ca,Pb)(Y,Fe2+,◻)(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Nb,Zr)18O38 (hypothetical)
Type Locality:
Reference: Tr. Inst. Mineral., Geokhim. Kristallokhim. Redkikh Elementov, Akad. Nauk SSSR 15,110-120.
Davisite
Formula: CaScAlSiO6
Reference: Ivanova, M. A., Krot, A. N., Nagashima, K. & MacPherson, G. J. (2012). Meteoritics & Planetary Science 47 (12): 2107-2127. (Dec 2012)
Delafossite (TL)
Formula: CuFeO2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Demidovskite'
Formula: Ca18Fe315AlSi4O47Cl6
Reference: Sharygin, V. V. (2015). Mayenite-supergroup minerals from burned dump of the Chelyabinsk Coal Basin. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(11), 1603-1621.
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: 6th orogenic lherzolite conference 2014 Morocco; Yang, J., Meng, F., Xu, X., Robinson, P. T., Dilek, Y., Makeyev, A. B., ... & Cliff, J. (2015). Diamonds, native elements and metal alloys from chromitites of the Ray-Iz ophiolite of the Polar Urals. Gondwana Research, 27(2), 459-485.; Shmelev V.R., Perevozchikov B.V., Moloshag V.P. (2014) The Rai-Iz ophiolite massif in the Polar Urals: geology and chromite deposits. Field trip guidebook. 12th International Platinum Symposium. Yekaterinburg: IGG UB RAS, 2014. 44 р.
Diaoyudaoite
Formula: NaAl11O17
Reference: Excalibur Mineral specimen (anthropogenic)
Diaspore (TL)
Formula: AlO(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Shmelev V.R., Perevozchikov B.V., Moloshag V.P. (2014) The Rai-Iz ophiolite massif in the Polar Urals: geology and chromite deposits. Field trip guidebook. 12th International Platinum Symposium. Yekaterinburg: IGG UB RAS, 2014. 44 р.
Dingdaohengite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=841
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: [MinRec 32:41]; Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Diopside var. Lavrovite
Formula: Ca(Mg,V)Si2O6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Dissakisite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Sorokina, E. S., Rassomakhin, M. A., Nikandrov, S. N., Karampelas, S., Kononkova, N. N., Nikolaev, A. G., ... & Kotlyarov, V. A. (2019). Origin of Blue Sapphire in Newly Discovered Spinel–Chlorite–Muscovite Rocks within Meta-Ultramafites of Ilmen Mountains, South Urals of Russia: Evidence from Mineralogy, Geochemistry, Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd Isotopic Data. Minerals, 9(1), 36.
Dissakisite-(La)
Formula: {CaLa}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: P.M. Kartashov analytical data; Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. The mineralogy of the historical Mochalin Log REE deposit, South Urals, Russia. Part I. New gatelite-group minerals ferriperbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Fe 3+ Al 2 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2, and perbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Al 3 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-35.
Djerfisherite
Formula: K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Reference: Thomas R. Watters & Martin Prinz (1979). Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S. (2011) Rubtsovskoe deposit, - Mineralogical Almanac, Vol. 16, 96 pp (in Rus).
Dmisteinbergite (TL)
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Type Locality:
Description: On fracture surfaces in blocks from burned coal dumps.
Reference: ZVMO (1990) 119, n5, 43-45; American Mineralogist (1992) 77, 446-447; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Dokuchaevite
Formula: Cu8O2(VO4)3Cl3
Reference: Sumin N.G. (1949) Trudy Mineralogicheskogo Muzeya AN SSSR, v.1, p. 93 (in Rus.)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
Dolomite var. Iron-bearing Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Domeykite
Formula: Cu3As
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017, Vladimir Ilyushenko material
Donnayite-(Y)
Formula: NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Dorrite
Formula: Ca4(Mg3Fe3+9)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)
Reference: Shchipalkina, N. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., & Koshlyakova, N. N. (2016) Dorrite from Kopeisk, South Urals, Russia: crystal structure and cation ordering. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 193(3), 275-282.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Erokhin, Y. V., Khiller, V. V., Zoloev, K. K., Popov, M. P., & Grigor'ev, V. V. (2014). Mariinskite from the Bazhenovskii ophiolite complex: The second finds in the world. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 455, No. 2, p. 408). Springer Science & Business Media.
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Cook, R. B. (2007). Crocoite: Dundas, Tasmania, Australia. Rocks & Minerals, 82(1), 50-54
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=3575
Duranusite
Formula: As4S
Reference: Kasatkin, A.V., Makovicky, E., Plášil, J., Škoda, R., Agakhanov, A.A, Karpenko, V.Y. and Nestola, F. (2018) Tsygankoite, Mn8Tl8Hg2(Sb21Pb2Tl)S24S48, a New Sulfosalt from the Vorontsovskoe Gold Deposit, Northern Urals, Russia. Minerals: 8(5): 218.
Dwornikite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2O
Reference: RRUFF specimen ID: R070379
Dzharkenite
Formula: FeSe2
Reference: Yakovleva, V.A., Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A. (2003): Mineralogical Magazine 67(2), 355-361; Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Yakovleva, V.A., and Spiro, B. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 239-254; Yakovleva, V. A., Belogub, E. V., & Novoselov, K. A. (2003). Supergene iron sulpho-selenides from the Zapadno-Ozernoe copper-zinc massive sulphide deposit, South Urals, Russia: a new solid-solution series between pyrite FeS2 and dzharkenite FeSe2. Mineralogical Magazine 67(2), 339-354
Edenite
Formula: NaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Reference: Barkov, A. Y., Tolstykh, N. D., Shvedov, G. I., & Martin, R. F. (2018). Ophiolite-related associations of platinum-group minerals at Rudnaya, western Sayans, and Miass, southern Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-32.
Efremovite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)2Mg2(SO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Popova, V. I., Popov, V. A., Sokolova, E. V., Ferraris, G., & Chukanov, N. V. (2002). Kanonerovite, MnNa3P3O10· 12H2O, first triphosphate mineral (Kazennitsa pegmatite, Middle Urals, Russia). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Monatshefte, 2002(3), 117-127.
Elbaite var. Siberite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Van King
Elpasolite
Formula: K2NaAlF6
Reference: Galina Gubko, Natalia Levtsova (2009) Blyum Pit in the Ilmeny Mountains. Fifth International Symposium Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation pp59-64
Eltyubyuite
Formula: Ca12Fe3+10Si4O32Cl6
Reference: Sharygin, V. V. (2015). Mayenite-supergroup minerals from burned dump of the Chelyabinsk Coal Basin. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(11), 1603-1621.
Embreyite (TL)
Formula: Pb5(CrO4)2(PO4)2 · H2O
Reference: Williams S A (1972) Embreyite, a new mineral from Berezov, Siberia, Mineralogical Magazine 38, 790-793
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: Murzin, V. V., & Sazonov, V. N. (1999). Gold-Bearing Mineral Assemblages in the Copper and Iron Skarn Deposits of the Tur'insk-Auerbakhovsk Ore Field and Their Formation Condition (the Urals, Russia). Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 41, 308-321.
Empressite
Formula: AgTe
Reference: Maslennikov, V. V., Maslennikova, S. P., Large, R. R., Danyushevsky, L. V., Herrington, R. J., & Stanley, C. J. (2013). Tellurium-bearing minerals in zoned sulfide chimneys from Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposits of the Urals, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(1), 67-99.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Maslennikov, V. V., Maslennikova, S. P., Large, R. R., Danyushevsky, L. V., Herrington, R. J., & Stanley, C. J. (2013). Tellurium-bearing minerals in zoned sulfide chimneys from Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposits of the Urals, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(1), 67-99.
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Enstatite var. Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: Yu. V. Erokhin, V. A. Koroteev, V. V. Khiller, E. V. Burlakov, K. S. Ivanov, D. A. Kleimenov (2016): The Ozernoye meteorite: New data on mineralogy. Doklady Earth Sciences 471, 1273–1276.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Reference: Cherkasova, T., Timkin, T., & Savinova, O. (2015). First native silica findings in bismuth from garnet skarns of Ribny Log-2 gold ore target in Topolninsk ore deposit (Gorny Altai). In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 24, No. 1, p. 012033). IOP Publishing.
Epidote var. Yttroepidote
Formula: {(Ca,Y)2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Mineev D.A. (1959) REE-epidote from pegmatites of Middle Ural, - Doklady AN SSSR, v. 127, №4.
'Epidote Supergroup'
Formula: A2M3(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: A. I. Brusnitsyn, I. G. Zhukov, V. N. Kuleshov (2009): The Bikkulovskoe manganese deposit (South Urals): Geological setting, composition of metalliferous rocks, and formation model. Lithology and Mineral Resources 44, 557-578.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Blinov, I. A., Belogub, E. V., Novoselov, K. A., & Philippova, K. A. (2011). Antropogenic Supergenic Mineral of Verhne Arshinskoe Lead Zinc Deposit (Bashkortostan). Башкирский химический журнал, 18(4).
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., & Garuti, G. (2008). Platinum-group element mineralogy and geochemistry of chromitite of the Kluchevskoy ophiolite complex, central Urals (Russia). Ore Geology Reviews, 33(1), 20-30.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Filippov, V.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 391-403.
Eskolaite
Formula: Cr2O3
Reference: Erokhin, Y. V., Khiller, V. V., Zoloev, K. K., Popov, M. P., & Grigor'ev, V. V. (2014). Mariinskite from the Bazhenovskii ophiolite complex: The second finds in the world. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 455, No. 2, p. 408). Springer Science & Business Media.; Kissin, A.; Gottman, I.; Sustavov, S.; Murzin, V.; Kiseleva, D. (2020) The First Find of Cr2O3 Eskolaite Associated with Marble-Hosted Ruby in the Southern Urals and the Problem of Al and Cr Sources. Minerals 10, 101.
Esseneite
Formula: CaFe3+[AlSiO6]
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Sokol, E. V., Seryotkin, Y. V., & Bul’bak, T. A. (2010). Na-Li-Be-rich cordierite from the Murzinka pegmatite field, Middle Urals, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(4), 565-575.
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Reference: Plotinskaya, O. Y., Groznova, E. O., Kovalenker, V. A., Novoselov, K. A., & Seltmann, R. (2009). Mineralogy and formation conditions of ores in the Bereznyakovskoe ore field, the Southern Urals, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(5), 371.
'Famatinite-Luzonite Series'
Reference: O.Yu. Plotinskaya data; Spiridonov, A. M., Kulikova, Z. I., Zorina, L. D., Granina, E. M., Parshin, A. V., & Budyak, A. E. Material Composition of Ores and Metasomatically Altered Rocks at Bereznyakovskoe Epithermal Gold Ore Deposit (the South Urals).
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., Garuti, G., Kazakov, I. (2016): Platinum-Group Minerals and Other Accessory Phases in Chromite Deposits of the Alapaevsk Ophiolite, Central Urals, Russia. Minerals: 6: 108;
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Yang, J., Meng, F., Xu, X., Robinson, P. T., Dilek, Y., Makeyev, A. B., ... & Cliff, J. (2015). Diamonds, native elements and metal alloys from chromitites of the Ray-Iz ophiolite of the Polar Urals. Gondwana Research, 27(2), 459-485.; Shmelev V.R., Perevozchikov B.V., Moloshag V.P. (2014) The Rai-Iz ophiolite massif in the Polar Urals: geology and chromite deposits. Field trip guidebook. 12th International Platinum Symposium. Yekaterinburg: IGG UB RAS, 2014. 44 р.
'Feldspar Group var. Perthite'
Reference: Soloviev, S.G., Kryazhev, S.G., and Dvurechenskaya, S.S., (2013) Geology, mineralization, stable isotope geochemistry, and fluid inclusion characteristics of the Novogodnee-Monto oxidized Au-(Cu) skarn and porphyry deposit, Polar Ural, Russia: Mineralium Deposits, v. 48, p. 603–627.
Ferchromide
Formula: Cr3Fe1-x
Reference: Excalibur Mineral Co. specimen
Fergusonite-(Ce)
Formula: CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Fergusonite-(Ce)-β
Formula: CeNbO4
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Am. Min. 90:1402-1412 (2005)
Ferriallanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data; Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. The mineralogy of the historical Mochalin Log REE deposit, South Urals, Russia. Part I. New gatelite-group minerals ferriperbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Fe 3+ Al 2 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2, and perbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Al 3 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-35.
Ferriallanite-(La)
Formula: {CaLa}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2018; Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. The mineralogy of the historical Mochalin Log REE deposit, South Urals, Russia. Part I. New gatelite-group minerals ferriperbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Fe 3+ Al 2 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2, and perbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Al 3 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-35.
'Ferri-fluoro-nybøite'
Formula: NaNa2(Mg3Fe3+2)(AlSi7O22)F2
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=841
Ferrihydrite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Ferri-katophorite
Formula: Na(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=841
Ferrimolybdite (TL)
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Ferri-nybøite'
Formula: NaNa2(Mg3Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Ferriperbøeite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe3(Fe3+Al2Fe2+)[Si2O7][SiO4]3O(OH)2
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=1227; Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. The mineralogy of the historical Mochalin Log REE deposit, South Urals, Russia. Part I. New gatelite-group minerals ferriperbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Fe 3+ Al 2 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2, and perbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Al 3 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-35.
Ferriperbøeite-(La) (TL)
Formula: CaLa3(Fe3+Al2Fe2+)[Si2O7][SiO4]3O(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Kasatkin, A.V., Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Chukanov, N.V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Agakhanov, A.A., Kuznetsov, A.M. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2018) Ferriperbøeite-(La), IMA 2018-106. CNMNC Newsletter No. 46, December 2018, page xxxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82, xxxx–xxxx.; Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. The mineralogy of the historical Mochalin Log REE deposit, South Urals, Russia. Part I. New gatelite-group minerals ferriperbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Fe 3+ Al 2 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2, and perbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Al 3 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-35.
Ferri-winchite (TL)
Formula: ☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: A. G. Bazhenov et al.: Proc. Russ. Min. Soc. 134(3):74-77 (2005)
Ferro-edenite
Formula: NaCa2Fe2+5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Reference: Am. Min. 90:1402-1412 (2005)
Ferro-katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Reference: Zhmodik, S. M., Nesterenko, G. V., Airiyants, E. V., Belyanin, D. K., Kolpakov, V. V., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Karmanov, N. S. (2016). Alluvial platinum-group minerals as indicators of primary PGE mineralization (placers of southern Siberia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 57(10), 1437-1464.
Ferronickelplatinum
Formula: Pt2FeNi
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Ferro-nybøite'
Formula: NaNa2(Fe2+3Al2)(AlSi7)O22(OH)2
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=841
Ferro-pargasite
Formula: NaCa2(Fe2+4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Reference: Zhmodik, S. M., Nesterenko, G. V., Airiyants, E. V., Belyanin, D. K., Kolpakov, V. V., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Karmanov, N. S. (2016). Alluvial platinum-group minerals as indicators of primary PGE mineralization (placers of southern Siberia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 57(10), 1437-1464.
'Ferrorhodsite'
Formula: (Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
Reference: Zhmodik, S. M., Nesterenko, G. V., Airiyants, E. V., Belyanin, D. K., Kolpakov, V. V., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Karmanov, N. S. (2016). Alluvial platinum-group minerals as indicators of primary PGE mineralization (placers of southern Siberia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 57(10), 1437-1464.
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Reference: Safina, N. P., Maslennikov, V. V., Maslennikova, S. P., Kotlyarov, V. A., Danyushevsky, L. V., Large, R. R., & Blinov, I. A. (2015). Banded sulfide-magnetite ores of Mauk copper massive sulfide deposit, Central Urals: Composition and genesis. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(3), 197-212.
Ferrovorontsovite (TL)
Formula: (Fe5Cu)Σ6TlAs4S12
Type Locality:
Reference: Kasatkin, A.V., Nestola, F., Agakhanov, A.A., Škoda, R., Karpenko, V.Y. and Tsyganko, M.V. (2017) Ferrovorontsovite, IMA 2017-007. CNMNC Newsletter No. 37, June 2017, page 740; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 737-742.; Kasatkin, A.V., Makovicky, E., Plášil, J., Škoda, R., Agakhanov, A.A, Karpenko, V.Y. and Nestola, F. (2018) Tsygankoite, Mn8Tl8Hg2(Sb21Pb2Tl)S24S48, a New Sulfosalt from the Vorontsovskoe Gold Deposit, Northern Urals, Russia. Minerals: 8(5): 218.
Fersmite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=841
'Fillowite Group'
Reference: Na- V. V. Sharygin, N. S. Karmanov and N. M. Podgornykh (2016) Fe-Phosphate Globules in Impact Metal-Troilite Associations of Chelyabinsk Meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society (2016)
Fleetite (TL)
Formula: Cu2RhIrSb2
Type Locality:
Reference: Barkov, A.Y., Bindi, L., Tamura, N., Martin, R.F., Ma, C., Winkler, B., Shvedov, G.I., and Morgenroth, W. (2020): Fleetite, IMA 2018-073b; in: CNMNC Newsletter 54. Eur. J. Mineral.: 32, https://doi.org/10.5194/ejm-32-275-2020; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=16176
'Florencite'
Reference: Belyaev, E. V. (2010, November). The polygenous nature of the Patyn ore—magmatic cluster (Mountainous Shoriya). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 435, No. 1, pp. 1420-1422). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Florencite-(Ce)
Formula: CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: http://geo.web.ru/conf/alkaline/2008/Repina.htm
Florencite-(Nd)
Formula: NdAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: http://geo.web.ru/conf/alkaline/2008/Repina.htm
Florencite-(Sm) (TL)
Formula: SmAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Repina, S.A., Popova, V.I., Churin, E.I., Belogub, E.V. and Chiller, V.V. (2010): Florencite-(Sm), (Sm,Nd)Al3(PO4)2(OH)6 - a new mineral of alunite-jarosite group from the Subpolar Urals. Zapiski Rossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 139(4), 16-25 (in Russian). [English translation: (2011) Geology of Ore Deposits, 53, 564-574.]
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: Brusnitsyn A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural, - S.-Peterburg Univercity press, p. 200 (in Rus.).
Fluorapatite var. Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(5), 403-415.
Fluorbritholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2018; Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. The mineralogy of the historical Mochalin Log REE deposit, South Urals, Russia. Part I. New gatelite-group minerals ferriperbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Fe 3+ Al 2 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2, and perbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Al 3 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-35.
Fluorcalciopyrochlore
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2018
Fluorellestadite (TL)
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Habit: Needles, as hexagonal prismatic, poorly terminated crystals up to 3 mm long, and as fine-grained aggregates.
Colour: Blue to pale bluish-green
Description: Found in burned fragments of petrified wood in the coal dumps
Reference: Chesnokov, B. V., Bazhenova, L. F, Bushmakin, A. F. (1987) Fluorellestadite Ca10[(SO4),(SiO4)]6F2—a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 116 (6): 743-746; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Fluornatromicrolite
Formula: (Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Erokhin, Y. V., Khiller, V. V., Zoloev, K. K., Popov, M. P., & Grigor'ev, V. V. (2014). Mariinskite from the Bazhenovskii ophiolite complex: The second finds in the world. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 455, No. 2, p. 408). Springer Science & Business Media.
Fluoro-richterite (TL)
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow.; Popov, V.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., McCammon, C., and Bazhenova, L.F. (2001) Polyakovite-(Ce), (REE,Ca)4(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr3+,Fe3+)2(Ti,Nb)2Si4O22, a new metamict mineral species from the Ilmen Mountains, southern Urals, Russia: mineral description and crystal chemistry. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1095-1104.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.; Mineralogical Record 33: 167.
'Fluor-uvite-Uvite Series'
Reference: I.A. Baksheev and O.E. Kudryavtseva : "Composition of some pegmatitic, hydrothermal and metamorphic dravites from the Urals, Russia", Bull. Liaison SFMC, Vol. 16, 2004.; Igor.V. Pekov, Lyudmila R. Memetova (2008) Minerals of the Lipovka Granite Pegmatites, Central Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Almanac 13:6-45
Fluorwavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH)2F·5H2O
Reference: Local geolofist S.V.Kolesnichenko data
Formicaite
Formula: Ca(HCOO)2
Reference: [AmMin 85:1322]
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Клейменов Д.А., Ерохин Ю. В., Прибавкин С.В. Форнасит из зоны окисления Березовского золоторудного месторождения. // Уральская летняя минералогическая школа-97, 1997, с.96-98.; Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., & Garuti, G. (2008). Platinum-group element mineralogy and geochemistry of chromitite of the Kluchevskoy ophiolite complex, central Urals (Russia). Ore Geology Reviews, 33(1), 20-30.
Foshagite
Formula: Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 323–333, 2009; Grabezhev, A. I., Pertsev, N. N., Zadov, A. E., Pribavkin, S. V., & Murzin, V. V. (2007). Calcic hydrosilicate metasomatic rocks at the Gumeshevsk skarn-porphyry copper deposit in the central Urals, Russia. Petrology, 15(5), 514-522.
Franconite
Formula: Na(Nb2O5)(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
'Freibergite Subgroup'
Formula: ([Ag6]4+,(Ag,Cu)6)((Cu,Ag)4X2+2)Sb4S12S0-1
Reference: Vikentyev, I. V., & Vikentyeva, O. V. (2015). Precious metal minerals and “invisible” gold in sulfide ores of Urals. In Mater. of ХII Int. Sci. Conf.“Advanced Technologies, Equipment and Analytical Systems for Materials and Nano-Materials (Vol. 3, pp. 33-41).; Vinokurov, S. F., Vikent’ev, I. V., & Sychkova, V. A. (2010). Determining ionic gold species in massive sulfide ores. Geochemistry International, 48(5), 510-516.
Friedelite
Formula: Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Reference: Brusnitsyn, A. I., Kuleshov, V. N., Perova, E. N., & Zaitsev, A. N. (2017). Ferromanganese carbonate metasediments of the Sob area, Polar Urals: Bedding conditions, composition, and genesis. Lithology and Mineral Resources, 52(3), 192-213.
Frohbergite
Formula: FeTe2
Reference: Maslennikov, V. V., Maslennikova, S. P., Large, R. R., Danyushevsky, L. V., Herrington, R. J., & Stanley, C. J. (2013). Tellurium-bearing minerals in zoned sulfide chimneys from Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposits of the Urals, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(1), 67-99.
Frolovite (TL)
Formula: Ca[B(OH)4]2
Type Locality:
Reference: [Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch., 86, 622–625 (in Russian); Amer. Mineral. (1958) 43, 385–386; AmMin 85:1322]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Fukalite
Formula: Ca4[Si2O6][CO3](OH)2
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 323–333, 2009; Grabezhev, A. I., Pertsev, N. N., Zadov, A. E., Pribavkin, S. V., & Murzin, V. V. (2007). Calcic hydrosilicate metasomatic rocks at the Gumeshevsk skarn-porphyry copper deposit in the central Urals, Russia. Petrology, 15(5), 514-522.
Gadolinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Reference: Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. The mineralogy of the historical Mochalin Log REE deposit, South Urals, Russia. Part I. New gatelite-group minerals ferriperbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Fe 3+ Al 2 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2, and perbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Al 3 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-35.
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Gageite
Formula: Mn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=1551
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Irina V. Kozyreva data
Galaxite
Formula: Mn2+Al2O4
Reference: Brusnitsyn A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural, - S.-Peterburg Univercity press, p. 200 (in Rus.).
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 72 localities in this region.
Reference: T Timkin et al (2015) Estimating gold-ore mineralization potential within Topolninsk ore field (Gorny Altai). IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 27 012010
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Reference: Mozgova, N. N., Nenasheva, S. N., Borodaev, Y. S., & Yudovskaya, M. A. (1994). Nuffieldite from the Maleevskoe massive sulfide deposit, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 32(2), 359-364.
Galgenbergite-(Ce)
Formula: Ca(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)4 · H2O
Reference: Ayupova, N. R., Maslennikov, V. V., Artem’ev, D. A., & Blinov, I. A. (2019). Mineralogical and Geochemical Features of Pyrite Nodules from Sulfide Turbidites in the Talgan Cu-Zn Massive Sulfide Deposit (Southern Urals). Lithology and Mineral Resources, 54(6), 447-464.; Ayupova, N. R., Maslennikov, V. V., & Filippova, K. A. (2019, August). REE Geochemistry and Mineralogy in Ores of the Talgan Cu–Zn Massive Sulfide Deposit, Southern Urals. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 487, No. 2, pp. 973-975). Pleiades Publishing.
Galileiite
Formula: Na3Fe2+Fe2+11(PO4)9
Reference: Na- V. V. Sharygin, N. S. Karmanov and N. M. Podgornykh (2016) Fe-Phosphate Globules in Impact Metal-Troilite Associations of Chelyabinsk Meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society (2016)
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Cherkasova, T., Timkin, T., & Savinova, O. (2015). First native silica findings in bismuth from garnet skarns of Ribny Log-2 gold ore target in Topolninsk ore deposit (Gorny Altai). In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 24, No. 1, p. 012033). IOP Publishing.
'Garnierite'
Reference: Mikhailov, B.M. (2000): Nickel ores in the Urals. Lithology and Mineral Resources 35(4), 351-364; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Bliss, J.D., and Moring, B.C., 2011, Ni-Co laterite deposits of the world; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011-1058.
Gasparite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(AsO4)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Gatelite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe3(AlAl2Mg)[Si2O7][SiO4]3O(OH)2
Reference: Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. The mineralogy of the historical Mochalin Log REE deposit, South Urals, Russia. Part I. New gatelite-group minerals ferriperbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Fe 3+ Al 2 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2, and perbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Al 3 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-35.
Geerite
Formula: Cu8S5
Reference: Zaykov, V. V., Melekestseva, I. Y., Zaykova, E. V., Kotlyarov, V. A., & Kraynev, Y. D. (2017). Gold and platinum group minerals in placers of the South Urals: Composition, microinclusions of ore minerals and primary sources. Ore Geology Reviews, 85, 299-320.
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Reference: Ivanova, M. A., Krot, A. N., Nagashima, K. & MacPherson, G. J. (2012). Meteoritics & Planetary Science 47 (12): 2107-2127. (Dec 2012)
Genkinite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
Reference: Zhmodik, S. M., Nesterenko, G. V., Airiyants, E. V., Belyanin, D. K., Kolpakov, V. V., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Karmanov, N. S. (2016). Alluvial platinum-group minerals as indicators of primary PGE mineralization (placers of southern Siberia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 57(10), 1437-1464.
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Reference: Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.; Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.; Vikentyev, I. V., & Vikentyeva, O. V. (2015). Precious metal minerals and “invisible” gold in sulfide ores of Urals. In Mater. of ХII Int. Sci. Conf.“Advanced Technologies, Equipment and Analytical Systems for Materials and Nano-Materials (Vol. 3, pp. 33-41).; Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.
Germanite
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Reference: Maslennikov, V. V., Maslennikova, S. P., Large, R. R., Danyushevsky, L. V., Herrington, R. J., & Stanley, C. J. (2013). Tellurium-bearing minerals in zoned sulfide chimneys from Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposits of the Urals, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(1), 67-99.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
Geversite
Formula: PtSb2
Reference: 9th International platinum symposium Chromite-PGE mineralization in the Uktus Alaskan-Type Complex (Central Urals,); Garuti, G., Pushkarev, E. V., Zaccarini, F., Cabella, R., & Anikina, E. (2003). Chromite composition and platinum-group mineral assemblage in the Uktus Uralian-Alaskan-type complex (Central Urals, Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 38(3), 312-326.; Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., Garuti, G., Krause, J., Dvornik, G. P., Stanley, C., & Bindi, L. (2013). Platinum-group minerals (PGM) nuggets from alluvial-eluvial placer deposits in the concentrically zoned mafic-ultramafic Uktus complex (Central Urals, Russia). European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(4), 519-531.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: International Geology Review Volume 19, Issue 2, 1977, Pages 125 - 136
'Gismondine'
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Gladkovskyite (TL)
Formula: MnTlAs3S6
Type Locality:
Reference: Kasatkin, A.V., Plášil, J., Makovicky, E., Škoda, R., Agakhanov, A.A., Stepanov, S.Y. and Nestola, F. (2018) Gladkovskyite, IMA 2018-098. CNMNC Newsletter No. 46, December 2018, page xxxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82, xxxx–xxxx.
Glagolevite
Formula: Na(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Description: Chromium rich
Reference: (2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p267
'Glass'
Reference: Shmelev V.R., Perevozchikov B.V., Moloshag V.P. (2014) The Rai-Iz ophiolite massif in the Polar Urals: geology and chromite deposits. Field trip guidebook. 12th International Platinum Symposium. Yekaterinburg: IGG UB RAS, 2014. 44 р.
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Reference: Maslennikov, V. V., Maslennikova, S. P., Large, R. R., Danyushevsky, L. V., Herrington, R. J., & Stanley, C. J. (2013). Tellurium-bearing minerals in zoned sulfide chimneys from Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposits of the Urals, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(1), 67-99.
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Reference: Rudmin, M. A., Mazurov, A. K., Makarov, B. I., & Reva, I. V. (2016). Technological characteristics of glauconite rocks in Bakchar deposit (Western Siberia). In MATEC Web of Conferences (Vol. 85, p. 01016). EDP Sciences.
Glucine (TL)
Formula: CaBe4(PO4)2(OH)4 · 0.5H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Concretions in hydromuscovite.
Reference: N.A. Grigoriev, Zap. Vses. Mineral. Ob. , 1964, 92 (6), 691.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Godlevskite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Reference: International Geology Review Volume 19, Issue 2, 1977, Pages 125 - 136
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 88 localities in this region.
Reference: Ozerskii, A.D. [Озерский, А.Д.] (1843) Description of the gold nugget-giant [Описание золотой самородки-исполина]. Gornyi Zhurnal (Mining Journal) [Горный журнал], 8, 3, 232-251 (in Russian); Fersman, A.E., and Betekhtin, A.G., eds. [Ферсман, А.Е., и Бетехтин, А. Г., ред.] (1941) Mineralogy of the Urals [Минералогия Урала]. USSR Academy of Science Press [Издательство Академии Наук СССР], Moscow - Leningrad, Volume 2, 414 pp. (in Russian); Smolin, A.P [Смолин, А.П.] (1970) Gold nuggets of the Urals [Самородки золота Урала]. Nedra [Недра], Moscow, 144 pp. (in Russian); Samusikov, V.P. [Самусиков, В.П.] (2005) Gold nuggets: morphological peculiarities [Самородки золота - морфологические особенности]. Zapiski Rossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva [Записки Российского Минералогического Общества], 134, 5, 52-67.
Gold var. Electrum
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: Vikent'ev, I.V., Moloshag, V.P. and Yudovskaya, M.A. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 77-107.; Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Selenium, tellurium and precious metal mineralogy in Uchalinsk copper-zinc-pyritic district, the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012027). IOP Publishing.; Vikentyev, I. V., & Vikentyeva, O. V. (2015). Precious metal minerals and “invisible” gold in sulfide ores of Urals. In Mater. of ХII Int. Sci. Conf.“Advanced Technologies, Equipment and Analytical Systems for Materials and Nano-Materials (Vol. 3, pp. 33-41).; Vinokurov, S. F., Vikent’ev, I. V., & Sychkova, V. A. (2010). Determining ionic gold species in massive sulfide ores. Geochemistry International, 48(5), 510-516.
'Gold Amalgam'
Reference: Bestemianova, K. V., & Grinev, O. M. (2017, December). Barite-polymetallic mineralization of Zmeinogorsk ore district and some genetic aspects of its formation. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 110, No. 1, p. 012003). IOP Publishing.
Goldfieldite
Formula: (Cu42)(Cu4Cu+2)Te4S12S
Reference: Maslennikov, V. V., Maslennikova, S. P., Large, R. R., Danyushevsky, L. V., Herrington, R. J., & Stanley, C. J. (2013). Tellurium-bearing minerals in zoned sulfide chimneys from Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposits of the Urals, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(1), 67-99.
Goldmanite
Formula: Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Litvinovich, A. N. & Loginova, M. D. (1960): Elements in small amounts in ores of the Leninogorsk mining field. Trudy Altaisk. Gorno-Met. Nauch.-Issledovatel. Inst., Akad. Nauk Kazakh. S.S.R. (1960), 9, 92-103.
Graftonite
Formula: Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Reference: Na- V. V. Sharygin, N. S. Karmanov and N. M. Podgornykh (2016) Fe-Phosphate Globules in Impact Metal-Troilite Associations of Chelyabinsk Meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society (2016)
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Reference: Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Yakovleva, V.A., and Spiro, B. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 239-254
Grimaldiite
Formula: CrO(OH)
Reference: Суставов, С. Г., Шагалов, Е. С., Нурмухаметов, Ф. З., & Главатских, С. П. (2012). ПЕРВАЯ НАХОДКА В РОССИИ ОКСИГИДРАТОВ ХРОМА-ГРИМАЛЬДИТА И ГВИАНАИТА В ЮЖНО-САРАНОВСКОМ ХРОМИТОВОМ МЕСТОРОЖДЕНИИ. Литосфера, (3), 154-159.
Grossite
Formula: CaAl4O7
Description: Grossite-rich refractory inclusions are noted
Reference: Ivanova, M. A., Nazarov, M. A., Kononkova, N. N. & Brandstaetter, F. (2005) Isheyevo: A New CB Chondrite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 40 (9, Supplement): A74, pdf. #5073. (Sept 2005); Krot, A. N., Ulyanov, A. A. & Ivanova, M. A. (2008) Refractory inclusions in the CH/CB-like carbonaceous chondrite Isheyevo: I. Mineralogy and petrography. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 43, #9, 1531-1550. (Sept 2008)
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Description: New material (2003-2004) is world class groups of lustrous, transparent hessonite crystals on matrix.
Reference: [MinRec 32:41]; Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Grossular var. Chrome-bearing Grossular
Formula: Ca3(Al,Cr3+)2(SiO4)3
Reference: Igor Savin data; Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Grossular var. Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Guanajuatite
Formula: Bi2Se3
Reference: Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Reference: Mozgova, N. N., Nenasheva, S. N., Borodaev, Y. S., & Yudovskaya, M. A. (1994). Nuffieldite from the Maleevskoe massive sulfide deposit, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 32(2), 359-364.
Guettardite
Formula: PbAsSbS4
Reference: Kasatkin, A.V., Makovicky, E., Plášil, J., Škoda, R., Agakhanov, A.A, Karpenko, V.Y. and Nestola, F. (2018) Tsygankoite, Mn8Tl8Hg2(Sb21Pb2Tl)S24S48, a New Sulfosalt from the Vorontsovskoe Gold Deposit, Northern Urals, Russia. Minerals: 8(5): 218.
Gungerite
Formula: TlAs5Sb4S13
Reference: Kasatkin, A. V., Plášil, J., Makovicky, E., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Agakhanov, A. A., Tsyganko, M.V.: Gungerite, IMA 2020-009, in: CNMNC Newsletter 56, Eur. J. Mineral.: 32; https://doi.org/10.5194/ejm-32-443-2020, 2020
Gupeiite
Formula: Fe3Si
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Guyanaite
Formula: CrO(OH)
Reference: Суставов, С. Г., Шагалов, Е. С., Нурмухаметов, Ф. З., & Главатских, С. П. (2012). ПЕРВАЯ НАХОДКА В РОССИИ ОКСИГИДРАТОВ ХРОМА-ГРИМАЛЬДИТА И ГВИАНАИТА В ЮЖНО-САРАНОВСКОМ ХРОМИТОВОМ МЕСТОРОЖДЕНИИ. Литосфера, (3), 154-159.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Gypsum var. Alabaster
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
Gyrolite
Formula: NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 323–333, 2009
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Ovdina, E.; Strakhovenko, V.; Solotchina, E. (2020) Authigenic Carbonates in the Water–Biota–Bottom Sediments’ System of Small Lakes (South of Western Siberia). Minerals 10, 552.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: International Geology Review Volume 19, Issue 2, 1977, Pages 125 - 136
Halloysite-10Å
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., Ryzhkova, S.O., Ugol'kov, V.L., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2008): Lithology and Mineral Resources 43(6), 588-595.
Hambergite
Formula: Be2(BO3)(OH)
Reference: Sokol, E. V., Seryotkin, Y. V., & Bul’bak, T. A. (2010). Na-Li-Be-rich cordierite from the Murzinka pegmatite field, Middle Urals, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(4), 565-575.
Hammarite
Formula: Pb2Cu2Bi4S9
Reference: Mozgova, N. N., Nenasheva, S. N., Borodaev, Y. S., & Yudovskaya, M. A. (1994). Nuffieldite from the Maleevskoe massive sulfide deposit, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 32(2), 359-364.
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Harmunite
Formula: CaFe2O4
Reference: Sharygin, V. V. (2015). Mayenite-supergroup minerals from burned dump of the Chelyabinsk Coal Basin. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(11), 1603-1621.
Hastingsite
Formula: NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Reference: Кориневский, В. Г., & Кориневский, Е. В. (2006). Калиймагнезиогастингсит (K, Na) Ca 2 (Mg, Fe 2+) 4 (Fe 3+, Al, Т1)[Si 6 А1 2 О 22](ОН, С1) 2-новый минеральный вид амфиболов. Записки Российского минералогического общества, 135(2), 49-57.
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Reference: Brusnitsyn, A. I. (2013): Geochemistry and genetic model of the ore-bearing sediments of the Parnok ferromanganese deposit, Polar Urals. Geochemistry International 51, 623-645.
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Garuti, G., Pushkarev, E. V., Zaccarini, F., Cabella, R., & Anikina, E. (2003). Chromite composition and platinum-group mineral assemblage in the Uktus Uralian-Alaskan-type complex (Central Urals, Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 38(3), 312-326.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Reference: Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.; Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer, Cham.
Hejtmanite
Formula: Ba2(Mn2+,Fe2+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Reference: Brusnitsyn, A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural. St. Petersburg University press, p. 200 (in Russ.).
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Kolesnichenko
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 61 localities in this region.
Reference: Van King
Hematite var. Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
Hematite var. Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Yarosh, H.A. [Ярош, Н.А.] (1955): Mineralogy of the oxidation zone of the Blagodatnoe deposit in the Middle Urals [К минералогии зоны окисления Благодатного месторождения на Среднем Урале]. Trudy Gorno-geologicheskogo instituta UFAN SSSR [Труды Горно-геологического института УФАН СССР], 26, 50-67 (in Russian).
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Коноваленко, С. И., Konovalenko, S. I., Ананьев, С. А., Ananyev, S. A., Гармаева, С. С., & Garmayeva, S. S. (2012). Редкие и новые минералы ташелгино-майзаской зоны Горной Шории, их особенности и природа.
'Hercynite-Spinel Series'
Herderite ?
Formula: CaBe(PO4)F
Description: No chemical analysis
Reference: N.A. Grigoriev, Zap. Vses. Mineral. Ob. , 1964, 93 (2), 156.
'Herderite-Hydroxylherderite Series'
Reference: N.A. Grigoriev, Zap. Vses. Mineral. Ob. , 1964, 93 (2), 156.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Reference: Soloviev, S.G., Kryazhev, S.G., and Dvurechenskaya, S.S., (2013) Geology, mineralization, stable isotope geochemistry, and fluid inclusion characteristics of the Novogodnee-Monto oxidized Au-(Cu) skarn and porphyry deposit, Polar Ural, Russia: Mineralium Deposits, v. 48, p. 603–627.
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Reference: Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Kotlyarov, V.A., Fadina, I.B. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 583-589.
Hetaerolite var. Hydrohetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Reference: Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Kotlyarov, V.A., Fadina, I.B. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 583-589.
'Heulandite'
Reference: Specimens sold at Prague show, October 1996.
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Hibonite
Formula: CaAl12O19
Description: Predominant constituent of some refractory inclusions
Reference: Krot, A. N., Ulyanov, A. A. & Ivanova, M. A. (2008) Refractory inclusions in the CH/CB-like carbonaceous chondrite Isheyevo: I. Mineralogy and petrography. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 43, #9, 1531-1550. (Sept 2008)
Hillebrandite
Formula: Ca2(SiO3)(OH)2
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Afanas'ev, G. D.; Aidin'yan, N. Kh.; Borisevich, I. V. (1940): The genesis of the Mazul manganese deposit. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 26, 792-795.
Hochelagaite
Formula: (Ca,Na,Sr)(Nb,Ti,Si,Al)4O11 · 8H2O
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=841
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2018
Hollingworthite
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Reference: (2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p283; Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., Garuti, G., Krause, J., Dvornik, G. P., Stanley, C., & Bindi, L. (2013). Platinum-group minerals (PGM) nuggets from alluvial-eluvial placer deposits in the concentrically zoned mafic-ultramafic Uktus complex (Central Urals, Russia). European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(4), 519-531.
Hongshiite
Formula: PtCu
Reference: microprobe analysis
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Shmelev V.R., Perevozchikov B.V., Moloshag V.P. (2014) The Rai-Iz ophiolite massif in the Polar Urals: geology and chromite deposits. Field trip guidebook. 12th International Platinum Symposium. Yekaterinburg: IGG UB RAS, 2014. 44 р.
Hotsonite
Formula: Al11(SO4)3(PO4)2(OH)21 · 16H2O
Reference: Ivanov, O.K. Shiryaeva L.I., Khoroshilova L.A. & Petri-Sheva V.G. (1990): Hotsonite: confirmation of the discovery and new data (Belyavinsky mine, the Urals). Zap. Vser. Mineral. Obshchest. 119, 121-126 (in Russian).
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Reference: Brusnitsyn A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural, - S.-Peterburg Univercity press, p. 200 (in Rus.).
Huttonite
Formula: ThSiO4
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=841
Hydrobiotite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=841
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 271.
'Hydrogoethite'
Formula: 3Fe2O3·4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Rudmin, M. A., Mazurov, A. K., Makarov, B. I., & Reva, I. V. (2016). Technological characteristics of glauconite rocks in Bakchar deposit (Western Siberia). In MATEC Web of Conferences (Vol. 85, p. 01016). EDP Sciences.
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
'Hydromuscovite'
Reference: N.A. Grigoriev, Zap. Vses. Mineral. Ob. , 1964, 93 (2), 156.
Hydroromarchite
Formula: Sn3O2(OH)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Reference: Dana 7:I:654.; Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
'Hydrotalcite-2H'
Formula: Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Reference: Igor Savin data; Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Hydroxycalciomicrolite
Formula: Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012)
Hydroxycalciopyrochlore
Formula: (Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2018
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Hydroxylapatite var. Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Reference: N.A. Grigoriev, Zap. Vses. Mineral. Ob. , 1964, 93 (2), 156.
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ce(CO3)(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. The mineralogy of the historical Mochalin Log REE deposit, South Urals, Russia. Part I. New gatelite-group minerals ferriperbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Fe 3+ Al 2 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2, and perbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Al 3 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-35.
'Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)' (FRL)
Formula: (La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Hydroxylchondrodite (TL)
Formula: Mg5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: CNMNC Newsletter, Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 798
Hydroxylclinohumite (TL)
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Reference: [AmMin 85:1843]
Hydroxylellestadite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
Reference: Zadov, A. E.; Grabezhev, A. I.; Pertsev, N. N.; Chukanov, N. V.; Pribavkin, S. V. (2006): Tobermorite-plombierite metasomatites of the Gumeshevsk skarn-porphyry copper deposit, Middle Urals. Doklady Earth Sciences 407A, 495-497. ; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 323–333, 2009; Grabezhev, A. I., Pertsev, N. N., Zadov, A. E., Pribavkin, S. V., & Murzin, V. V. (2007). Calcic hydrosilicate metasomatic rocks at the Gumeshevsk skarn-porphyry copper deposit in the central Urals, Russia. Petrology, 15(5), 514-522.
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Igor Savin's data
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Iddingsite'
Formula: MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Reference: Soloviev, S.G., Kryazhev, S.G., and Dvurechenskaya, S.S., (2013) Geology, mineralization, stable isotope geochemistry, and fluid inclusion characteristics of the Novogodnee-Monto oxidized Au-(Cu) skarn and porphyry deposit, Polar Ural, Russia: Mineralium Deposits, v. 48, p. 603–627.
'Ignicolorite'
Formula: FeS2 · 0.7CaCO3 · 2.8H2O
Reference: Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
'Igumnovite'
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)2Cl4
Reference: Exotic Minerals of Russia.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Reference: Garuti, G., Pushkarev, E. V., Zaccarini, F., Cabella, R., & Anikina, E. (2003). Chromite composition and platinum-group mineral assemblage in the Uktus Uralian-Alaskan-type complex (Central Urals, Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 38(3), 312-326.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: A. I. Brusnitsyn, I. G. Zhukov, V. N. Kuleshov (2009): The Bikkulovskoe manganese deposit (South Urals): Geological setting, composition of metalliferous rocks, and formation model. Lithology and Mineral Resources 44, 557-578.
Inaglyite (TL)
Formula: Cu3Pb(Ir,Pt)8S16
Type Locality:
Reference: Rudashevskii N S, Mochalov A G, Begizov V D, Men'sikov Shumakaya N I (1984) Inaglyite, PbCu3(Ir,Pt)8S16, a new mineral, Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 113, issue 6, 712-717; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Igor Savin's data
Indium
Formula: In
Reference: Litvinovich, A. N. & Loginova, M. D. (1960): Elements in small amounts in ores of the Leninogorsk mining field. Trudy Altaisk. Gorno-Met. Nauch.-Issledovatel. Inst., Akad. Nauk Kazakh. S.S.R. (1960), 9, 92-103.
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Reference: Azovskova, O. B., Malyugin, A. A., Nekrasova, A. A., & Yanchenko, M. Y. (2013, January). Pyrite from zones of Mz-Kz reactivation of large faults on the eastern slope of the Ural Mountains, Russia. In Proceedings of World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology (No. 79, p. 182). World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology (WASET).
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., & Garuti, G. (2008). Platinum-group element mineralogy and geochemistry of chromitite of the Kluchevskoy ophiolite complex, central Urals (Russia). Ore Geology Reviews, 33(1), 20-30.
Iridarsenite
Formula: (Ir,Ru)As2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2018
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., & Garuti, G. (2008). Platinum-group element mineralogy and geochemistry of chromitite of the Kluchevskoy ophiolite complex, central Urals (Russia). Ore Geology Reviews, 33(1), 20-30.
Iridium var. Osmiridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Iridium var. Platiniridium
Formula: (Ir,Pt)
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Iridium var. Platosmiridium
Formula: (Ir,Pt,Os)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Iridium var. Ruthenian Iridium
Formula: (IrxRuyOsz)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, 2018
Iridium var. Ruthenosmiridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Reference: Nesterenko, G. V., Zhmodik, S. M., Airiyants, E. V., Belyanin, D. K., Kolpakov, V. V., & Bogush, A. A. (2017). Colloform high-purity platinum from the placer deposit of Koura River (Gornaya Shoriya, Russia). Ore Geology Reviews, 91, 236-245.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: 6th orogenic lherzolite conference 2014 Morocco; Yang, J., Meng, F., Xu, X., Robinson, P. T., Dilek, Y., Makeyev, A. B., ... & Cliff, J. (2015). Diamonds, native elements and metal alloys from chromitites of the Ray-Iz ophiolite of the Polar Urals. Gondwana Research, 27(2), 459-485.; Shmelev V.R., Perevozchikov B.V., Moloshag V.P. (2014) The Rai-Iz ophiolite massif in the Polar Urals: geology and chromite deposits. Field trip guidebook. 12th International Platinum Symposium. Yekaterinburg: IGG UB RAS, 2014. 44 р.
Iron var. Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: http://geosci.uchicago.edu/~campbell/Abstracts/Fremdlinge_preprint.pdf.; Komatsu, M., Krot, A. N., Petaev, M. I., Ulyanov, A. A., Keil, K., & Miyamoto, M. (2001). Mineralogy and petrography of amoeboid olivine aggregates from the reduced CV3 chondrites Efremovka, Leoville and Vigarano: Products of nebular condensation, accretion and annealing. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(5), 629-641.; Casanova, I., & Grossman, L. (1993, March). Distribution of vanadium and melting of opaque assemblages in Efremovka CAI's. In Lunar and Planetary Institute Science Conference Abstracts (Vol. 24, pp. 257-258).; Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
Ishikawaite
Formula: U4+Fe2+Nb2O8
Reference: Yu.S. Kobyashev data
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Isoferroplatinum
Formula: Pt3Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: 9th International platinum symposium Chromite-PGE mineralization in the Uktus Alaskan-Type Complex (Central Urals,); Garuti, G., Pushkarev, E.V., and Zaccarini, F. (2002) Composition and paragenesis of Pt alloys from chromitites of the Uralian-Alaskan-type Kytlym and Uktus complexes, northern and central Urals, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 1127-1146.
Isomertieite
Formula: Pd11Sb2As2
Reference: Moralev, G. V., Borisov, A. V., Surenkov, S. V., Nagaeva, S. P., Tarbaev, M. B., Kuznetsov, S. K., ... & Soboleva, A. A. (2005). Distribution and modes of occurrence of REE at the Chudnoe and Nesterovskoe occurrences of Au-Pd-REE ore mineralization in the Maldynyrd Range, Nether-Polar Urals. Geochemistry International, 43(11), 1078-1097.
Isovite (TL)
Formula: (Cr,Fe)23C6
Reference: [MinRec 31:203]; Generalov M E, Naumov V A, Mokhov A V, Trubkin N V (1998) Isovite (Cr,Fe)23C6 — the new mineral from the gold-platinum bearing placers of the Urals. Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 127, issue 5, 26-37
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: A. I. Brusnitsyn, I. G. Zhukov, V. N. Kuleshov (2009): The Bikkulovskoe manganese deposit (South Urals): Geological setting, composition of metalliferous rocks, and formation model. Lithology and Mineral Resources 44, 557-578.
Jadeite
Formula: Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Reference: [MinRec 32:42]
Jalpaite
Formula: Ag3CuS2
Reference: Maslennikov, V. V., Maslennikova, S. P., Large, R. R., Danyushevsky, L. V., Herrington, R. J., & Stanley, C. J. (2013). Tellurium-bearing minerals in zoned sulfide chimneys from Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposits of the Urals, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(1), 67-99.
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Kotlyarov, V.A., Fadina, I.B. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 583-589.
Jedwabite (TL)
Formula: Fe7(Ta,Nb)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Generalov M.E., Trubkin N.V. (1997) Jedwabite, Fe7(Ta,Nb)3, a new mineral in paragenesis with carbides of tantalum and niobium from platinum-bearing placers, - ZVMO, 126(2), pp. 100-104 (in Rus.)
Jennite
Formula: Ca9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Johannsenite
Formula: CaMn2+Si2O6
Reference: A. I. Brusnitsyn, I. G. Zhukov, V. N. Kuleshov (2009): The Bikkulovskoe manganese deposit (South Urals): Geological setting, composition of metalliferous rocks, and formation model. Lithology and Mineral Resources 44, 557-578.
Jordanite
Formula: Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Reference: Kasatkin, A.V., Makovicky, E., Plášil, J., Škoda, R., Agakhanov, A.A, Karpenko, V.Y. and Nestola, F. (2018) Tsygankoite, Mn8Tl8Hg2(Sb21Pb2Tl)S24S48, a New Sulfosalt from the Vorontsovskoe Gold Deposit, Northern Urals, Russia. Minerals: 8(5): 218.
Jordisite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Solodov, I.N., Chertok, M.B., Ganina, N.I., and Shulik, L.S. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(1), 61-73.
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.; Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer, Cham.
Joséite-A
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Litoshko, D.N., Bezigov, V.D., Khoroshilova, L.A. (1984): First find of lead-bismuth tellurides and sulfosalts in the Polar Urals. Trudy. Inst. Geol. Komi Filial, Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R.: 45, 60-66 (in Russian); in: Dunn, P.J., Fleischer, F., Langley, R.H., Shigley, J.E., Zilczer, J.A. (1985): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 70: 880
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Reference: Litoshko, D.N., Bezigov, V.D., Khoroshilova, L.A. (1984): First find of lead-bismuth tellurides and sulfosalts in the Polar Urals. Trudy. Inst. Geol. Komi Filial, Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R.: 45, 60-66 (in Russian); in: Dunn, P.J., Fleischer, F., Langley, R.H., Shigley, J.E., Zilczer, J.A. (1985): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 70: 880
Kaersutite
Formula: NaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2
Reference: Soloviev, S.G., Kryazhev, S.G., and Dvurechenskaya, S.S., (2013) Geology, mineralization, stable isotope geochemistry, and fluid inclusion characteristics of the Novogodnee-Monto oxidized Au-(Cu) skarn and porphyry deposit, Polar Ural, Russia: Mineralium Deposits, v. 48, p. 603–627.
Kainosite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Reference: [MinRec 30:465]
Kalininite
Formula: ZnCr2S4
Reference: Sharygin, V. V., & Ivanov, O. K. (2014) Cr-rich “tiooxyspinel” mineral from Kosva dunite massif, Middle Urals: possible link between spinel-and tiospinel-group minerals. 30th International Conference on “Ore Potential of Alkaline, Kimberlite and Carbonatite Magmatism”29 September – 02 October 2014 Antalya TURKEY
Kanonerovite (TL)
Formula: Na3Mn2+(P3O10) · 12H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Popova, V. I., Popov, V. A., Sokolova, E. V., Ferraris, G., & Chukanov, N. V. (2002). Kanonerovite, MnNa3P3O10· 12H2O, first triphosphate mineral (Kazennitsa pegmatite, Middle Urals, Russia). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Monatshefte, 2002(3), 117-127.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Afanas'ev, G. D.; Aidin'yan, N. Kh.; Borisevich, I. V. (1940): The genesis of the Mazul manganese deposit. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 26, 792-795.
Karpinskite (TL)
Formula: (Ni,Mg)2Si2O5(OH)2 (?)
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist 42 (1957), 584; Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 2 (1995), 402.
Kasatkinite (TL)
Formula: Ba2Ca8B5Si8O32(OH)3·6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V.,.Filinchuk, Y.E., Zadov, A.E., Kononkova, N.N., Epanchintsev, S.G., Kaden, P., Kutzer, A. and Göttlicher, J. (2011): Kasatkinite, IMA 2011-045. CNMNC Newsletter No. 10, October 2011, page 2559; I.V. Pekov, N.V. Chukanov, Ya.E. Filinchuk, A.E. Zadov, N.N. Kononkova, S.G. Epanchintsev, P. Kaden, A. Kutzer, J. Göttlicher (2013): Kasatkinite, Ba2Ca8B5Si8O32(OH)3 · 6H2O6, a new mineral from the Bazhenovskoe deposit, the Central Urals, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits 55, 558–566.
Kashinite (TL)
Formula: (Ir,Rh)2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Kassite
Formula: CaTi2O4(OH)2
Description: Chromium kassite.
Reference: Am Min, 88, 1331–1335 (2003)
Kawazulite
Formula: Bi2Te2Se
Reference: Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Selenium, tellurium and precious metal mineralogy in Uchalinsk copper-zinc-pyritic district, the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012027). IOP Publishing.
Keithconnite
Formula: Pd20Te7
Reference: S.N. Britvin, N.S. Rudashevsky, A.N. Bogdanova, D.K. Shcherbachev (2001) Miassite Rh17S15, a new mineral from a placer of the Miass River, Urals. Zap. Vseross. Mineral. Obshch., 130(2), 41–45 (in Russian, English abs.).
Kellyite
Formula: Mn2+2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=1551
'Kenotobermorite-2M'
Reference: Merlino S, Bonaccorsi E, Armbruster T (2001) The real structure of tobermorite 11Å: normal and anomalous forms, OD character and polytypic modification. European Journal of Mineralogy 13, 577-590
'Kerolite'
Formula: (Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
Reference: Mikhailov, B.M. (2000): Lithology and Mineral Resources 35(4), 351-364.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Bliss, J.D., and Moring, B.C., 2011, Ni-Co laterite deposits of the world; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011-1058.
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: Kassandrov, E. G., & Mazurov, M. P. (2009). Magmatogenic manganese ores of the South Minusa Intermontane Trough. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(5), 356.
'K Feldspar var. Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Lapis Nov -94 p48-49
'Khodnevite'
Formula: Na2AlF5 (?)
Reference: [Hey p359]
Kingstonite
Formula: (Rh,Ir,Pt)3S4
Reference: Zhmodik, S. M., Nesterenko, G. V., Airiyants, E. V., Belyanin, D. K., Kolpakov, V. V., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Karmanov, N. S. (2016). Alluvial platinum-group minerals as indicators of primary PGE mineralization (placers of southern Siberia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 57(10), 1437-1464.
Kirkiite
Formula: Pb10Bi3As3S19
Reference: Kasatkin A.V., Skoda R. (2019): The discovery of kirkiite at the Berezovsky gold deposit (Middle Urals). Novye Dannye o Mineralakh, 53, 80-85.
Kirschsteinite
Formula: CaFe2+SiO4
Reference: Krot, A. N., Brearley, A. J., Biryukov, V. V., Ulyanov, A. A., Keil, K., Swindle, T. D. & Mittlefehldt, D. W. (1997). Dark inclusions in the reduced CV3 chondrite Efremovka - Evidence for various degrees of aqueous alteration and thermal metamorphism. Lunar and Planetary Science XXVIII, pdf#1346, 769-770. (March 1997)
Kladnoite
Formula: C6H4(CO)2NH
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Kobellite
Formula: Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Reference: Mozgova, N. N., Nenasheva, S. N., Borodaev, Y. S., & Yudovskaya, M. A. (1994). Nuffieldite from the Maleevskoe massive sulfide deposit, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 32(2), 359-364.
Kobyashevite (TL)
Formula: Cu5(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Chukanov, N.V., Kasatkin, A.V., Kuznetsov, A.M. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2011): Kobyashevite, IMA 2011-066. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2890; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Chukanov, N.V., Kasatkin, A.V., Kuznetsov, A.M., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2013): Kobyashevite, Cu5(SO4)2(OH)6•4H2O, a new devilline-group mineral from the Vishnevye Mountains, South Urals, Russia. Mineral. Petrol. 107, 201-210.
Kochkarite (TL)
Formula: PbBi4Te7
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Korkinoite'
Formula: Ca4(SO4)2(CO3)2 · 9(H2O)
Reference: Igor Pekov (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Korobitsynite
Formula: Na2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Korzhinskite (TL)
Formula: Ca(B2O4) · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: [ZVMO,(1963) 92, 555-559; AmMin 82:822]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Kostovite
Formula: CuAuTe4
Reference: Lehmann, B., Heinhorst, J., Hein, U., Neumann, M., Weisser, J.D., and Fedesejev, V. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 241-249.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
'Krasnogorite'
Formula: WO3
Reference: Igor Pekov (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Krasnoselskite'
Formula: CoWO4
Reference: Igor Pekov (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Kremersite
Formula: (NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Reference: Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Reference: Vikent'ev, I.V., Moloshag, V.P. and Yudovskaya, M.A. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 77-107.
Kulkeite
Formula: Mg8Al(AlSi7O20)(OH)10
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Kurilite
Formula: Ag8Te3Se
Reference: Maslennikov, V. V., Ayupova, N. R., Safina, N. P., Tseluyko, A. S., Melekestseva, I. Y., Large, R. R., ... & Tessalina, S. G. (2019). Mineralogical Features of Ore Diagenites in the Urals Massive Sulfide Deposits, Russia. Minerals, 9(3), 150.
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: Brusnitsyn, A. I., Kuleshov, V. N., Perova, E. N., & Zaitsev, A. N. (2017). Ferromanganese carbonate metasediments of the Sob area, Polar Urals: Bedding conditions, composition, and genesis. Lithology and Mineral Resources, 52(3), 192-213.
'Kutyukhinite'
Formula: 2Ca2(SiO4)·CaF2
Reference: Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: 6th orogenic lherzolite conference 2014 Morocco; Yang, J., Meng, F., Xu, X., Robinson, P. T., Dilek, Y., Makeyev, A. B., ... & Cliff, J. (2015). Diamonds, native elements and metal alloys from chromitites of the Ray-Iz ophiolite of the Polar Urals. Gondwana Research, 27(2), 459-485.; Shmelev V.R., Perevozchikov B.V., Moloshag V.P. (2014) The Rai-Iz ophiolite massif in the Polar Urals: geology and chromite deposits. Field trip guidebook. 12th International Platinum Symposium. Yekaterinburg: IGG UB RAS, 2014. 44 р.
'Lampadite'
Formula: Cu, Mn, O, H
Reference: Kievlenko E.V., Senkevich N.N. (1983) Geology of gem stone deposits, - Moscow, "Nedra", pp. 97-99 (in Rus.)
Lanthanite-(La)
Formula: (La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=1227; Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. The mineralogy of the historical Mochalin Log REE deposit, South Urals, Russia. Part I. New gatelite-group minerals ferriperbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Fe 3+ Al 2 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2, and perbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Al 3 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-35.
Larnite
Formula: Ca2SiO4
Reference: Zateeva, S. N., Sokol, E. V., & Sharygin, V. V. (2007). Specificity of pyrometamorphic minerals of the ellestadite group. Geology of Ore Deposits, 49(8), 792-805.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., & Garuti, G. (2008). Platinum-group element mineralogy and geochemistry of chromitite of the Kluchevskoy ophiolite complex, central Urals (Russia). Ore Geology Reviews, 33(1), 20-30.
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Lead
Formula: Pb
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 298.
'Lepidolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Sokol, E. V., Seryotkin, Y. V., & Bul’bak, T. A. (2010). Na-Li-Be-rich cordierite from the Murzinka pegmatite field, Middle Urals, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(4), 565-575.
'Lepidomelane'
Reference: Filina, M.I., Sorokina, E.S., Botcharnikov, R., Karampelas, S., Rassomakhin, M.A., Kononkova, N.N., Nikolaev, A.G., Berndt, J., Hofmeister, W. (2019) Corundum Anorthosites-Kyshtymites from the South Urals, Russia: A Combined Mineralogical, Geochemical, and U-Pb Zircon Geochronological Study. Minerals, 9(4), 234.
'Leucorhönite'
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Fe3+,Al)6(Si,Al)6O20
Reference: Igor Pekov (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Leucoxene'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Kotlyarov, V.A., Fadina, I.B. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 583-589.
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 863.
Lime
Formula: CaO
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Local geolofist S.V.Kolesnichenko data
Lindströmite
Formula: Pb3Cu3Bi7S15
Reference: Mozgova, N. N., Nenasheva, S. N., Borodaev, Y. S., & Yudovskaya, M. A. (1994). Nuffieldite from the Maleevskoe massive sulfide deposit, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 32(2), 359-364.
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Solodov, I.N., Chertok, M.B., Ganina, N.I., and Shulik, L.S. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(1), 61-73.
Liroconite
Formula: Cu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Cook, R. B. (2001). Connoisseur's Choice: Liroconite: Gwennap, Cornwall, England. Rocks & Minerals, 76(6), 404-405.
'Lithian Muscovite'
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Reference: Igor Savin's data
Livingstonite
Formula: HgSb4S6(S2)
Reference: Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.; Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Maslennikov, V. V., Maslennikova, S. P., Large, R. R., Danyushevsky, L. V., Herrington, R. J., & Stanley, C. J. (2013). Tellurium-bearing minerals in zoned sulfide chimneys from Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposits of the Urals, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(1), 67-99.
Londonite
Formula: (Cs,K,Rb)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Habit: dodecahedra {110} in combination with tetrahedron{111}. Small crystals to 4,5 mm
Description: Re-examination by Pekov et al (2010) of old rhodizite samples (co-type locality specimens) showed that these are Cs-dominant and are londonite according to IMA nomenclature
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Yakubovich, O.V., Massa, W., Chukanov, N. V., Kononkova, N.N., Agakhanov, A. A. & Karpenko, V. Y. (2010): Londonite from the Urals, and new aspects of the crystal chemistry of the rhodizite-londonite series. Canadian Mineralogist. 48: 241-254
Luboržákite (TL)
Formula: Mn2AsSbS5
Type Locality:
Reference: Kasatkin, A.V., Plášil, J., Makovicky, E., Škoda, R., Agakhanov, A.A., Stepanov, S.Y. (2020): Luboržákite, IMA 2019-125; in: CNMNC Newsletter 54. Eur. J. Mineral.: 32, https://doi.org/10.5194/ejm-32-275-2020
Ludwigite
Formula: Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Description: Reported in fusion crust.
Reference: Righter & 27 others (2015) Mineralogy, petrology, chronology, and exposure history of the Chelyabinsk meteorite and parent body. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 50 (10): 1790-1819. (Oct 2015).
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=841
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Mineralium Deposita Volume 38, Number 3 / April, 2003
'Magnesiochromite-Spinel Series'
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data; Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Magnesioferrite
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Reference: Joe Cilen
'Magnesioferrite-Magnetite Series'
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite (TL)
Formula: [Na][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22](F,OH)2
Reference: [AmMin 86:1534]
'Magnesio-fluoro-hornblende'
Formula: (Na,K)1-xCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22F2
Reference: Igor Pekov (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Magnesio-foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: I.A. Baksheev and O.E. Kudryavtseva : "Composition of some pegmatitic, hydrothermal and metamorphic dravites from the Urals, Russia", Bull. Liaison SFMC, Vol. 16, 2004; Baksheev, I. A. & Kudryavtseva, O. E. (2004): Nickeloan tourmaline from the Berezovskoe gold deposit, Middle Urals, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 42, 1065-1078.
Magnesio-hastingsite
Formula: NaCa2(Mg4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Description: In diabase metabasites.
Reference: I.I Likhanov et al., Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 379-389.
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., Garuti, G., Kazakov, I. (2016): Platinum-Group Minerals and Other Accessory Phases in Chromite Deposits of the Alapaevsk Ophiolite, Central Urals, Russia. Minerals: 6: 108;
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=841
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Zabotina M, Belogub E, Novoselov K, Palenova E, Martesheva A, Blinov I (2014) Mineralogy of ores from the Ganeevskoe gold deposit associated with berisites and listvenites (Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 96
Magnesite var. Breunnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)CO3
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 84 localities in this region.
Reference: Van King
Magnetite var. Chrommagnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013), Mikhail Uchitel' specimen
Magnetite var. Ishkulite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013), Mikhail Uchitel' specimen
Magnetite var. Mushketovite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
Magnetite var. Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Garuti, G., Pushkarev, E. V., Zaccarini, F., Cabella, R., & Anikina, E. (2003). Chromite composition and platinum-group mineral assemblage in the Uktus Uralian-Alaskan-type complex (Central Urals, Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 38(3), 312-326.
Makarochkinite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Na)4[Fe2+8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si8Be2Al2O36]
Type Locality:
Reference: Am. Min. 90:1402-1412 (2005); Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Habit: Botryoidal/mammillary masses.
Reference: Kievlenko E.V., Senkevich N.N. (1983) Geology of gem stone deposits, - Moscow, "Nedra", pp. 97-99 (in Rus.)
'Malakhovite'
Formula: Ca2(Fe3+,Mg,Ca)6(Fe3+,Si,Al)6O20
Reference: Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
Malanite
Formula: Cu1+(Ir3+Pt4+)S4
Reference: 9th International platinum symposium Chromite-PGE mineralization in the Uktus Alaskan-Type Complex (Central Urals,); Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., Garuti, G., Krause, J., Dvornik, G. P., Stanley, C., & Bindi, L. (2013). Platinum-group minerals (PGM) nuggets from alluvial-eluvial placer deposits in the concentrically zoned mafic-ultramafic Uktus complex (Central Urals, Russia). European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(4), 519-531.
Malanite var. Cobalt-bearing Malanite
Formula: Cu(Pt3+,Co3+)2S4
Reference: Zhmodik, S. M., Nesterenko, G. V., Airiyants, E. V., Belyanin, D. K., Kolpakov, V. V., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Karmanov, N. S. (2016). Alluvial platinum-group minerals as indicators of primary PGE mineralization (placers of southern Siberia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 57(10), 1437-1464.
Manganbabingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Mn,Fe)FeSi5O14(OH)
Reference: Starikova, Е. V., Brusnitsyn, A. I., Zhukov, I. G. (2004): Paleohydrothennal edifice of the Kyzyl-Tash manganese deposit, the South Urals: structure, composition, genesis. Наука, Russia, 230 pp.
'Manganese'
Formula: Mn
Reference: Kassandrov, E. G., & Mazurov, M. P. (2009). Magmatogenic manganese ores of the South Minusa Intermontane Trough. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(5), 356.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Afanas'ev, G. D.; Aidin'yan, N. Kh.; Borisevich, I. V. (1940): The genesis of the Mazul manganese deposit. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 26, 792-795.
Manganiandrosite-(La)
Formula: {Mn2+La}{Mn3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706; USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p46
Manganostibite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)7SbAsO12
Reference: Kassandrov, E. G., & Mazurov, M. P. (2009). Magmatogenic manganese ores of the South Minusa Intermontane Trough. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(5), 356.
Manjiroite
Formula: Na(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Igor Savin's data
Mannardite
Formula: Ba(Ti4+6V3+2)O16
Reference: Kassandrov, E. G., & Mazurov, M. P. (2009). Magmatogenic manganese ores of the South Minusa Intermontane Trough. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(5), 356.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Avdonin V.N., Polenov Yu.A. (2004) Essays on Uralian minerals, - UGGA press, p. 419 (in Rus.).
Margarite var. Beryllian Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Avdonin V.N., Polenov Yu.A. (2004) Essays on Uralian minerals, - UGGA press, p. 419 (in Rus.).
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Reference: Sorokina, E. S., Rassomakhin, M. A., Nikandrov, S. N., Karampelas, S., Kononkova, N. N., Nikolaev, A. G., ... & Kotlyarov, V. A. (2019). Origin of Blue Sapphire in Newly Discovered Spinel–Chlorite–Muscovite Rocks within Meta-Ultramafites of Ilmen Mountains, South Urals of Russia: Evidence from Mineralogy, Geochemistry, Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd Isotopic Data. Minerals, 9(1), 36.
Mariinskite (TL)
Formula: BeCr2O4
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Popov, M.P.,Erokhin, Y.V., Khiller, V.V. and Karpenko,V.Y. (2011): Mariinskite, IMA 2011-057. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2888; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893; Kissin, A.; Gottman, I.; Sustavov, S.; Murzin, V.; Kiseleva, D. (2020) The First Find of Cr2O3 Eskolaite Associated with Marble-Hosted Ruby in the Southern Urals and the Problem of Al and Cr Sources. Minerals 10, 101.
Marokite
Formula: CaMn3+2O4
Reference: Palchik, N. A., Moroz, T. N., Grigorieva, T. N., & Miroshnichenko, L. V. (2014). Manganese minerals from the Miassovo freshwater lake: Composition and structure. Russian Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, 59(5), 511-518.
Marshite
Formula: CuI
Reference: Minerals offered by Excalibur minerals, July 2009; Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S., Bryzgalov, I.A., Ksenofontov, D.A., Zyryanova, L.A. & Litvinov, N.D. (2010): Extremely rich iodide mineralization at the Rubtsovskoe base metal deposit (North West Altay, Russia) and its genesis. 20th General Meeting of the IMA (IMA2010), Budapest, Hungary, August 21-27, CD of Abstracts, p. 416.
Mascagnite
Formula: (NH4)2SO4
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Maskelynite'
Reference: Dodd, R.T. & Jarosewich, E. (1979) Incipient melting in and shock classification of L-Group chondrites: Earth and Planetary Science Letters 44(2):335-340. (Aug 1979).
Masutomilite
Formula: (K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Old data. Confirmed by V.Popov
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: Plotinskaya, O. Y., Abramova, V. D., Groznova, E. O., Tessalina, S. G., Seltmann, R., & Spratt, J. (2018). Trace-element geochemistry of molybdenite from porphyry Cu deposits of the Birgilda-Tomino ore cluster (South Urals, Russia). Mineralogical Magazine, 82(S1), S281-S306.
Matlockite
Formula: PbFCl
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2015
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data; Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Mawsonite
Formula: Cu6Fe2SnS8
Reference: Plotinskaya, O. Y., Grabezhev, A. I., Groznova, E. O., Seltmann, R., & Lehmann, B. (2014). The Late Paleozoic porphyry–epithermal spectrum of the Birgilda–Tomino ore cluster in the South Urals, Russia. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 79, 910-931.
Mcguinnessite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Andrey V Vishnevskiy, IGM SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
Mckinstryite
Formula: Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Reference: Maslennikov, V. V., Maslennikova, S. P., Large, R. R., Danyushevsky, L. V., Herrington, R. J., & Stanley, C. J. (2013). Tellurium-bearing minerals in zoned sulfide chimneys from Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposits of the Urals, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(1), 67-99.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Zanin, Y.N., Pisareva, G.M., Zamirailova, A.G., and Eder, V.G. (2009): Lithology and Mineral Resources 44(3), 267-269
Melanterite var. Copper-bearing Melanterite
Formula: (Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Description: So-called Kirovite.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 502.
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Description: Predominant constituent of some inclusions; Mostly replaced by anorthite in other inclusions
Reference: Krot, A. N., Ulyanov, A. A. & Ivanova, M. A. (2008) Refractory inclusions in the CH/CB-like carbonaceous chondrite Isheyevo: I. Mineralogy and petrography. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 43, #9, 1531-1550. (Sept 2008)
Melliniite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)4P
Reference: Sharygin, V. V., & Sokol, E. V. (2010). Metal-phosphide-sulfide association in paralavas from natural fires and burned waste dumps (Kuznetsk and Chelyabinsk coal basins, Russia). In Proceedings of «ICCFR2–Second International Conference on Coal Fire Research». Berlin, Germany (pp. 410-411).
'Melnikovite'
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: Vikent’eva, O. V., & Bortnikov, N. S. The Large Svetlinsk Au-Te Deposit, South Urals: Telluride Mineralization for Genetic Reconstructions. MINERAL RESOURCES IN A SUSTAINABLE WORLD • 13th SGA Biennial Meeting 2015. Proceedings, Volume 2 pp851-854; Vikentyev, I. V., & Vikentyeva, O. V. (2015). Precious metal minerals and “invisible” gold in sulfide ores of Urals. In Mater. of ХII Int. Sci. Conf.“Advanced Technologies, Equipment and Analytical Systems for Materials and Nano-Materials (Vol. 3, pp. 33-41).; Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.; Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.
Meneghinite
Formula: Pb13CuSb7S24
Reference: Burlakov, J. V. (1995): Dodo: Alpine Klüfte im Polar-Ural. Lapis. 20 (3), 13-26, 35
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Reference: Litasov, K. D., Ponomarev, D. S., Bazhan, I. S., Ishikawa, A., Podgornykh, N. M., & Pokhilenko, N. P. (2018, January). Altaite (PbTe) in the Maslyanino Iron Meteorite with Silicate Inclusions. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 478, No. 1, pp. 79-81). Pleiades Publishing.
'Mertieite'
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data; Moralev, G. V., Borisov, A. V., Surenkov, S. V., Nagaeva, S. P., Tarbaev, M. B., Kuznetsov, S. K., ... & Soboleva, A. A. (2005). Distribution and modes of occurrence of REE at the Chudnoe and Nesterovskoe occurrences of Au-Pd-REE ore mineralization in the Maldynyrd Range, Nether-Polar Urals. Geochemistry International, 43(11), 1078-1097.
'Mesohydride'
Formula: CaCl2 · 4H2O
Reference: Igor Pekov (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Yakovleva, V. A., Belogub, E. V., & Novoselov, K. A. (2003). Supergene iron sulpho-selenides from the Zapadno-Ozernoe copper-zinc massive sulphide deposit, South Urals, Russia: a new solid-solution series between pyrite FeS2 and dzharkenite FeSe2. Mineralogical Magazine 67(2), 339-354; Yakovleva, V.A., Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A. (2003): Mineralogical Magazine 67(2), 355-361; Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Yakovleva, V.A., and Spiro, B. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 239-254
'Meteoritic Iron'
Description: Fe-Ni metal is mostly kamacite.
Reference: Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
Miassite (TL)
Formula: Rh17S15
Reference: ZVMO 130(2),41-45(2001); S.N. Britvin, N.S. Rudashevsky, A.N. Bogdanova, D.K. Shcherbachev (2001) Miassite Rh17S15, a new mineral from a placer of the Miass River, Urals. Zap. Vseross. Mineral. Obshch., 130(2), 41–45 (in Russian, English abs.).
'Mica Group'
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Reference: Soloviev, S.G., Kryazhev, S.G., and Dvurechenskaya, S.S., (2013) Geology, mineralization, stable isotope geochemistry, and fluid inclusion characteristics of the Novogodnee-Monto oxidized Au-(Cu) skarn and porphyry deposit, Polar Ural, Russia: Mineralium Deposits, v. 48, p. 603–627.
Microcline var. Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Microcline var. Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Sorokina, E. S., Rassomakhin, M. A., Nikandrov, S. N., Karampelas, S., Kononkova, N. N., Nikolaev, A. G., ... & Kotlyarov, V. A. (2019). Origin of Blue Sapphire in Newly Discovered Spinel–Chlorite–Muscovite Rocks within Meta-Ultramafites of Ilmen Mountains, South Urals of Russia: Evidence from Mineralogy, Geochemistry, Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd Isotopic Data. Minerals, 9(1), 36.
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: http://webcenter.ru/~minbooks/murz_kaz.html
'Microlite Group var. Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Reference: Lapis 28(10), 60 (2003); Igor.V. Pekov, Lyudmila R. Memetova (2008) Minerals of the Lipovka Granite Pegmatites, Central Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Almanac 13:6-45
Miersite
Formula: (Ag,Cu)I
Reference: Minerals offered by Excalibur minerals, July 2009; Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S., Bryzgalov, I.A., Ksenofontov, D.A., Zyryanova, L.A. & Litvinov, N.D. (2010): Extremely rich iodide mineralization at the Rubtsovskoe base metal deposit (North West Altay, Russia) and its genesis. 20th General Meeting of the IMA (IMA2010), Budapest, Hungary, August 21-27, CD of Abstracts, p. 416.; Gunnar Färber
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Reference: Sokol, E. V., Seryotkin, Y. V., & Bul’bak, T. A. (2010). Na-Li-Be-rich cordierite from the Murzinka pegmatite field, Middle Urals, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(4), 565-575.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: Garuti, G., Pushkarev, E. V., Zaccarini, F., Cabella, R., & Anikina, E. (2003). Chromite composition and platinum-group mineral assemblage in the Uktus Uralian-Alaskan-type complex (Central Urals, Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 38(3), 312-326.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Yarosh, H.A. [Ярош, Н.А.] (1955): Mineralogy of the oxidation zone of the Blagodatnoe deposit in the Middle Urals [К минералогии зоны окисления Благодатного месторождения на Среднем Урале]. Trudy Gorno-geologicheskogo instituta UFAN SSSR [Труды Горно-геологического института УФАН СССР], 26, 50-67 (in Russian).
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: John C. White collection via Southwest Scientific Company--Hamilton, MT (reference added by Dana Slaughter)
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Description: Occurs as a winter deposit at saline lakes in the region.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Moissanite
Formula: SiC
Reference: 6th orogenic lherzolite conference 2014 Morocco; Yang, J., Meng, F., Xu, X., Robinson, P. T., Dilek, Y., Makeyev, A. B., ... & Cliff, J. (2015). Diamonds, native elements and metal alloys from chromitites of the Ray-Iz ophiolite of the Polar Urals. Gondwana Research, 27(2), 459-485.; Shmelev V.R., Perevozchikov B.V., Moloshag V.P. (2014) The Rai-Iz ophiolite massif in the Polar Urals: geology and chromite deposits. Field trip guidebook. 12th International Platinum Symposium. Yekaterinburg: IGG UB RAS, 2014. 44 р.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Reference: T Timkin et al (2015) Estimating gold-ore mineralization potential within Topolninsk ore field (Gorny Altai). IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 27 012010
'Molybdenite-3R'
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Bestemianova, K. V., & Grinev, O. M. (2017, December). Barite-polymetallic mineralization of Zmeinogorsk ore district and some genetic aspects of its formation. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 110, No. 1, p. 012003). IOP Publishing.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: Repina, S.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(7), 609-619; Pavel M. Kartashov data
Monazite-(La)
Formula: La(PO4)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Monazite-(Nd)
Formula: Nd(PO4)
Reference: Repina, S.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(7), 609-619.
Montbrayite
Formula: (Au,Ag,Sb,Bi,Pb)23(Te,Sb,Bi,Pb)38
Reference: Amplieva, E.E. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 404-422.
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: Kasatkin, A.V., Cámara, F., Chukanov, N.V., Škoda, R., Nestola, F., Agakhanov, A.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lednyov, V.S. (2019): Patynite, NaKCa4[Si9O23], a New Mineral from the Patynskiy Massif, Southern Siberia, Russia. Minerals, 9, 611; https://doi.org/10.3390/min9100611
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Soloviev, S.G., Kryazhev, S.G., and Dvurechenskaya, S.S., (2013) Geology, mineralization, stable isotope geochemistry, and fluid inclusion characteristics of the Novogodnee-Monto oxidized Au-(Cu) skarn and porphyry deposit, Polar Ural, Russia: Mineralium Deposits, v. 48, p. 603–627.
Moraesite
Formula: Be2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Reference: Specimens sold at Prague show, October 1996.
Morenosite
Formula: NiSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Bliss, J.D., and Moring, B.C., 2011, Ni-Co laterite deposits of the world; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011-1058.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Yarosh, H.A. [Ярош, Н.А.] (1953): Mottramite from the Blagodatnoe deposit in the Urals [Моттрамит из Благодатного рудника на Урале]. Trudy Gorno-geologicheskogo instituta UFAN SSSR [Труды Горно-геологического института УФАН СССР], 20, 74-76 (in Russian); Kobyashev, Yu.S., Nikandrov, S.N. [Кобяшев, Ю.С., Никандров, С.Н.] (2007): Minerals of the Urals (mineral species and varieties) [Минералы Урала (минеральные виды и разновидности)]. Izdatel'stvo Kvadrat, Ekaterinburg, 312 pp. (in Russian).
Mukhinite (TL)
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2V3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Mundite
Formula: Al(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5.5H2O
Reference: Murzin, V. V., Varlamov, D. A., Ronkin, Y. L., & Shanina, S. N. (2013). Origin of Au-bearing rodingite in the Karabash massif of alpine-type ultramafic rocks in the southern Urals. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(4), 278-297.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 88 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
Muscovite var. Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Muscovite var. Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology Volume 147, Number 3, 363-383
Muscovite var. Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Reference: Plotinskaya, O. Y., Abramova, V. D., Groznova, E. O., Tessalina, S. G., Seltmann, R., & Spratt, J. (2018). Trace-element geochemistry of molybdenite from porphyry Cu deposits of the Birgilda-Tomino ore cluster (South Urals, Russia). Mineralogical Magazine, 82(S1), S281-S306.
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
Muscovite var. Vanadium-bearing Muscovite
Formula: K(Al,V)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Nagyágite
Formula: [Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Reference: Plotinskaya, O. Y., Groznova, E. O., Kovalenker, V. A., Novoselov, K. A., & Seltmann, R. (2009). Mineralogy and formation conditions of ores in the Bereznyakovskoe ore field, the Southern Urals, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(5), 371.
Nakauriite
Formula: Cu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
Reference: V.A. Popov analytical data (2012)
Nanpingite
Formula: CsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Reference: Galina Gubko, Natalia Levtsova (2009) Blyum Pit in the Ilmeny Mountains. Fifth International Symposium Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation pp59-64
Naquite
Formula: FeSi
Description: Initially determined as fersilicite.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov collection, M. Generalov analytical data (1997)
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Igor Savin data
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Igor Savin data; Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Reference: Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Yakovleva, V.A., and Spiro, B. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 239-254
Nenadkevichite
Formula: (Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Neotocite
Formula: (Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Reference: Brusnitsyn A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural, - S.-Peterburg Univercity press, p. 200 (in Rus.).
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Komatsu, M., Krot, A. N., Petaev, M. I., Ulyanov, A. A., Keil, K., & Miyamoto, M. (2001). Mineralogy and petrography of amoeboid olivine aggregates from the reduced CV3 chondrites Efremovka, Leoville and Vigarano: Products of nebular condensation, accretion and annealing. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(5), 629-641.
Nepheline var. Eleolite
Formula: (Na,K)AlSiO4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Népouite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., Ryzhkova, S.O., Ugol'kov, V.L., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2008): Lithology and Mineral Resources 43(6), 588-595.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Bliss, J.D., and Moring, B.C., 2011, Ni-Co laterite deposits of the world; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011-1058.
Nickel
Formula: Ni
Reference: 6th orogenic lherzolite conference 2014 Morocco; Yang, J., Meng, F., Xu, X., Robinson, P. T., Dilek, Y., Makeyev, A. B., ... & Cliff, J. (2015). Diamonds, native elements and metal alloys from chromitites of the Ray-Iz ophiolite of the Polar Urals. Gondwana Research, 27(2), 459-485.
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
Nickelpicromerite (TL)
Formula: K2Ni(SO4)2•6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Belogub, E.V., Krivovichev, S.V., Pekov, I.V., Kuznetsov, A.M., Kotlyarov, V.A., Chukanov, N.V. and Belakovskiy, D.I. (2013) Nickelpicromerite, IMA 2012-053. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 4; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 1-12.; Belogub, E.V., Krivovichev, S.V., Pekov, I.V., Kuznetsov, A.M., Yapaskurt, V.O., Kotlyarov, V.A., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I. (2015): Nickelpicromerite, K2Ni(SO4)2•6H2O, a new picromerite-group mineral from Slyudorudnik, South Urals, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 109, 143-152
Nifontovite (TL)
Formula: Ca3B6O6(OH)12(H2O)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Min Rec 36:4 pp375-376; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Ningyoite
Formula: CaU(PO4)2 · 1-2H2O
Reference: Doinikova, O. A., Solodov, I. N., & Chertok, M. B. (2009). Mineral composition of uranium ore at the Dalmatovo deposit, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(6), 486-495.
Nioboaeschynite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Fleischer's Glossary of Mineral Species 2004; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Niobocarbide (TL)
Formula: (Nb,Ta)C
Type Locality:
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Generalov M.E., Trubkin N.V. (1997) A new TaC-NbC isomorphous series and Niobocrbide, a new mineral from platinum-bearing placers of the Urals, - ZVMO, 126(1), pp.76-95 (in Rus.)
Nisbite
Formula: NiSb2
Reference: Mozgova, N. N., Nenasheva, S. N., Borodaev, Y. S., & Yudovskaya, M. A. (1994). Nuffieldite from the Maleevskoe massive sulfide deposit, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 32(2), 359-364.
Nöggerathite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)2Zr2(Nb,Ti)(Ti,Nb)2Fe2+O14
Reference: Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. The mineralogy of the historical Mochalin Log REE deposit, South Urals, Russia. Part I. New gatelite-group minerals ferriperbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Fe 3+ Al 2 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2, and perbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Al 3 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-35.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=3602
Norbergite
Formula: Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Local geolofist S.V.Kolesnichenko data; Kissin, A.; Gottman, I.; Sustavov, S.; Murzin, V.; Kiseleva, D. (2020) The First Find of Cr2O3 Eskolaite Associated with Marble-Hosted Ruby in the Southern Urals and the Problem of Al and Cr Sources. Minerals 10, 101.
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=841
Nsutite
Formula: (Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Reference: Brusnitsyn A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural, - S.-Peterburg Univercity press, p. 200 (in Rus.).
Nuffieldite
Formula: Cu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Reference: Mozgova, N. N., Nenasheva, S. N., Borodaev, Y. S., & Yudovskaya, M. A. (1994). Nuffieldite from the Maleevskoe massive sulfide deposit, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 32(2), 359-364.
Okhotskite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Mn3+2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Reference: Kassandrov, E. G., & Mazurov, M. P. (2009). Magmatogenic manganese ores of the South Minusa Intermontane Trough. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(5), 356.
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Reference: Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
Olenite
Formula: Na(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=3575
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Yarosh, H.A. [Ярош, Н.А.] (1955): Mineralogy of the oxidation zone of the Blagodatnoe deposit in the Middle Urals [К минералогии зоны окисления Благодатного месторождения на Среднем Урале]. Trudy Gorno-geologicheskogo instituta UFAN SSSR [Труды Горно-геологического института УФАН СССР], 26, 50-67 (in Russian); Kobyashev, Yu.S., Nikandrov, S.N. [Кобяшев, Ю.С., Никандров, С.Н.] (2007): Minerals of the Ural Mountains (mineral species and varieties) [Минералы Урала (минеральные виды и разновидности)]. Izdatel'stvo Kvadrat, Ekaterinburg, 312 pp. (in Russian).
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Shi, G., Harlow, G. E., Wang, J., Wang, J., Ng, E., Wang, X., ... & Cui, W. (2012). Mineralogy of jadeitite and related rocks from Myanmar: a review with new data. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24(2), 345-370.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=841
Orcelite
Formula: Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Reference: Gritsenko, Y.D., and Spiridonov, E.M. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(7), 590-598.; Murzin, V. V., Chudnenko, K. V., Palyanova, G. A., Varlamov, D. A., Naumov, E. A., & Pirajno, F. (2018). Physicochemical model for the genesis of Cu-Ag-Au-Hg solid solutions and intermetallics in the rodingites of the Zolotaya Gora gold deposit (Urals, Russia). Ore Geology Reviews, 93, 81-97.; Murzin, V. V., Varlamov, D. A., Ronkin, Y. L., & Shanina, S. N. (2013). Origin of Au-bearing rodingite in the Karabash massif of alpine-type ultramafic rocks in the southern Urals. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(4), 278-297.
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; American Mineralogist, 82, 620-624; Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.; Vikentyev, I. V., & Vikentyeva, O. V. (2015). Precious metal minerals and “invisible” gold in sulfide ores of Urals. In Mater. of ХII Int. Sci. Conf.“Advanced Technologies, Equipment and Analytical Systems for Materials and Nano-Materials (Vol. 3, pp. 33-41).; Kasatkin, A.V., Makovicky, E., Plášil, J., Škoda, R., Agakhanov, A.A, Karpenko, V.Y. and Nestola, F. (2018) Tsygankoite, Mn8Tl8Hg2(Sb21Pb2Tl)S24S48, a New Sulfosalt from the Vorontsovskoe Gold Deposit, Northern Urals, Russia. Minerals: 8(5): 218.; Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Kasatkin, A.V., Cámara, F., Chukanov, N.V., Škoda, R., Nestola, F., Agakhanov, A.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lednyov, V.S. (2019): Patynite, NaKCa4[Si9O23], a New Mineral from the Patynskiy Massif, Southern Siberia, Russia. Minerals, 9, 611; https://doi.org/10.3390/min9100611
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: F. Zaccarini et al. , The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 42, pp. 545-562 (2004).
Osarizawaite
Formula: Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S., Bryzgalov, I.A., Ksenofontov, D.A., Zyryanova, L.A. & Litvinov, N.D. (2010): Extremely rich iodide mineralization at the Rubtsovskoe base metal deposit (North West Altay, Russia) and its genesis. 20th General Meeting of the IMA (IMA2010), Budapest, Hungary, August 21-27, CD of Abstracts, p. 416.
Osbornite
Formula: TiN
Description: Product of a high temperature, highly reducing environment; Abuts both Fe-Ni metal and silicates (Olivine, Pyroxene); Osbornite is sometimes intergrown with Silicon Carbide [Krot et al., (2008)]
Reference: Grokhovsky, V. I. (2006). Osbornite in CB/CH-like Carbonaceous Chondrite Isheyevo. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41 (8, Supplement): A68, pdf#5231. (Aug 2006)
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: (2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p283; Garuti, G., Pushkarev, E.V., and Zaccarini, F. (2002) Composition and paragenesis of Pt alloys from chromitites of the Uralian-Alaskan-type Kytlym and Uktus complexes, northern and central Urals, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 1127-1146.; Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., Garuti, G., Krause, J., Dvornik, G. P., Stanley, C., & Bindi, L. (2013). Platinum-group minerals (PGM) nuggets from alluvial-eluvial placer deposits in the concentrically zoned mafic-ultramafic Uktus complex (Central Urals, Russia). European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(4), 519-531.
Osmium var. Iridosmine
Formula: (Os,Ir)
Reference: Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
'Ovchinnikovite'
Formula: 4FeS · FeO · 3CaO · CaCO3
Reference: Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
Overite
Formula: CaMgAl(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
Reference: Local geolofist S.V.Kolesnichenko data
Oxy-dravite
Formula: Na(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1065-1078.
Palladium
Formula: (Pd,Pt)
Reference: Johan, Z. (2006): Platinum-group minerals from placers related to the Nizhni Tagil (Middle Urals, Russia) Uralian-Alaskan-type ultramafic complex: ore-mineralogy and study of silicate inclusions in (Pt, Fe) alloys. Mineral. Petrol.: 87(1): 1-30
Palladodymite (TL)
Formula: (Pd,Rh)2As
Type Locality:
Reference: [AmMin 84:195]
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Reference: Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., Ryzhkova, S.O., Ugol'kov, V.L., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2008): Lithology and Mineral Resources 43(6), 588-595.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Bliss, J.D., and Moring, B.C., 2011, Ni-Co laterite deposits of the world; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011-1058.
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Zabotina M, Belogub E, Novoselov K, Palenova E, Martesheva A, Blinov I (2014) Mineralogy of ores from the Ganeevskoe gold deposit associated with berisites and listvenites (Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 96
Paranatrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Parapierrotite
Formula: TlSb5S8
Reference: Plášil, J., Kasatkin, A. V., Škoda, R., Stepanov, S. Yu. (2018): Parapierrotite from the Vorontsovskoe gold deposit, Northern Urals, Russia: crystal structure and chemical composition. Zapiski RMO 141, 68-77.
Paratellurite
Formula: TeO2
Reference: Plotinskaya, O. Y., Groznova, E. O., Kovalenker, V. A., Novoselov, K. A., & Seltmann, R. (2009). Mineralogy and formation conditions of ores in the Bereznyakovskoe ore field, the Southern Urals, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(5), 371.
Pargasite
Formula: NaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., & Garuti, G. (2008). Platinum-