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Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Santa Cruz Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Nogales20,252 (2017)
Rio Rico18,962 (2011)
Tubac1,191 (2011)
Patagonia890 (2017)
Sonoita818 (2015)
Tumacacori-Carmen393 (2015)
Other Languages:
French:
Comté de Santa Cruz, Arizona, États-Unis
German:
Santa Cruz County, Arizona, Vereinigte Staaten
Italian:
Contea di Santa Cruz, Arizona, Stati Uniti d'America
Armenian:
Սանտա Կրուս շրջան, Արիզոնա, Ամերիկայի Միացյալ Նահանգներ
Bavarian:
Santa Cruz County, Arizona, Vaoanigte Stootn
Cebuano:
Santa Cruz County, Arizona (estado)
Czech:
Santa Cruz County, Arizona, Spojené státy americké
Danish:
Santa Cruz County, Arizona, USA
Dutch:
Santa Cruz County, Arizona (staat), Verenigde Staten
Farsi/Persian:
شهرستان سانتا کروز, آریزونا, ایالات متحده آمریکا
Finnish:
Santa Cruzin piirikunta, Arizona, Yhdysvallat
Hungarian:
Santa Cruz megye, Arizona, Amerikai Egyesült Államok
Korean:
샌타크루즈 군, 애리조나주, 미국
Limburgian:
Santa Cruz County, Arizona, Vereinegde Staote vaan Amerika
Low Saxon/Low German:
Santa Cruz County, Arizona, USA
Norwegian:
Santa Cruz County, Arizona, USA
Polish:
Hrabstwo Santa Cruz, Arizona, Stany Zjednoczone
Portuguese:
Condado de Santa Cruz, Arizona, Estados Unidos
Romanian:
Comitatul Santa Cruz, Arizona, Statele Unite ale Americii
Serbian:
Округ Санта Круз, Аризона, Сједињене Америчке Државе
Swedish:
Santa Cruz County, Arizona, USA


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Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

161 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 72 (Table 4); Nelson (1963); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 101; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 92.
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Colour: Reddish-brown
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 103.
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 104.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 222-226.
Albite var. Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 222-226.
'Alum Group'
Formula: XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Description: As a post-mining product resulting from dump weathering.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4);
Alum-(Na)
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: RRUFF database- specimen I.D R110204
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Description: As masses in the fault zone.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 74 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Description: Occurs as micro-crystals between adularia crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 109, 148.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Habit: Dodecahedral, some to nearly 5 cm diameter; rhombohedral faces striated
Colour: Dark reddish and brownish-green or dark greenish-brown
Description: Adamantine luster; much coated on crystal faces a bright metallic black with Mn & Fe oxides. Large, relatively pure, crystalline masses of medium grain.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 328.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Description: Occurs in oxidized lead ore.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 112; Olson, H.J. (1966), Oxidation of a sulfide body, Glove mine, Santa Cruz Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 61: 731-743; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56; Rocks & Min.:65:17,25; Min.Rec.:20(5):391 & 21:98.
Anglesite var. Silver-bearing Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 81 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 296-306; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 112; Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits in AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 127: 94-95; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 296-297, 299-305; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 58; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 303; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048337, MRDS ID #M899921.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Description: Occurs as labradorite-andesine in quartz monzonite in phenocrysts to 1 inch diameter.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 301.
Anorthite var. Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Description: Occurs as labradorite-andesine in quartz monzonite in phenocrysts to 1 inch diameter.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 301.
'Antimony Ochre'
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Habit: Large crystals
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 117.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 118; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 49.
Aragonite var. Flos Ferri
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 118; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 49.
Arsenic
Formula: As
Description: Occurs in contact zones of metamorphosed limestone.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 328.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 81 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Description: In metamorphosed limestones.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 122; Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Habit: Thick acicular crystals aggregated into clots
Colour: Light blue
Description: Occurs on limonite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 123, 248.
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Reference: Ref.: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 72 (Table 4); US Atomic Energy Commission Prelim. Reconnaisance Report D-441 (1952); Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 209, 266; Granger, H.C. & R.B. Raup (1962), Recon. Study of Uranium Deposits in AZ, USGS Bull. 1147-A: 42-44; Nelson (1963); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 57 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 276-277; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 81 (Table 4); Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits in AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 127: 94-95; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 299-305; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12: 237-269; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 76; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 136; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 303; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 222-226.
'Bisbeeite' ?
Formula: (Cu,Mg)SiO3 · nH2O
Habit: Fibrous; crystals orthorhombic
Colour: Blue
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 137-138.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 56 (Table 4); Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 264; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 144; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 28.
Brackebuschite
Formula: Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Habit: Micro-crystals
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 144.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 127, Manganese ore deposits in AZ: 93; Jones, E.L., Jr. & F.L. Ransome (1920), Deposits of manganese ore in Arizona, USGS Bull. 710-D: 176.
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 207.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Description: Occurs as micro-crystals between adularia crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 109, 148.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Colour: White, pale blue
Fluorescence: Red (SW UV)
Description: Massive.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 152, 347.
Calcite var. Limestone Onyx
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 55; USGS Mineral Resources (1913), Pt. 2: 1344.
Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 64 (Table 4); Farnham, et al (1961): 191-192; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Calderónite
Formula: Pb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Colour: Red-brown
Description: Calderonite was first listed as Brackebuschite but testing at the University of Arizona showed them to be Calderonite.
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Habit: Jackstrawed sheaves of needle-like & pencil-like crystal aggregates
Colour: White
Fluorescence: Whitish (SW).
Description: From the roof in the inner part of the south tunnel and adjacent parts of the crosscuts hang great masses of closely spaced, acicular or filiform (jackstrawed), silky, white cerussite about a foot in length, for which this mine is famous.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 58 (Table 4); Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 159; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 258-263; Kartchner (1944); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data; Kunz, G.F. (1885), On remarkable copper minerals from AZ, Annals N.Y. Acad. Sci.: 3: 275-278; Shannon, D.M. (1981), What's new in minerals, Min.Rec.: 12: 117-118; Univ. AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 26; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 262; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 28, 50; Dana 6:1094.
Cerussite var. Silver-bearing Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3 with Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 253-254; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 65 (Table 4); Wilson, E.D. (1934)(revised 1967): 189-190; Knight (1970); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 56 (Table 4); Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 264; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 195 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 72 (Table 4); Nelson (1963); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Description: Occurs in oligoclase-rutile rock rich in molybdenite; replaces former dark silicates in the mafic igneous rock hosting the ores.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 167.
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 187.; Bob Meyer (2012) Micro Mineral Collector. Friends of Mineralogy National Newsletter 42:10-13
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Chlorargyrite var. Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 69 (Table 4); Knight (1970); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Description: In altered wall rocks.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 58 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 258-263; Kartchner (1944); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data;
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 85 (Table 4); Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 212; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 72 (Table 4); Blake (1901); Webb & Coryell (1954); Nelson (1963); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 339-340, 395; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
Clinochlore var. Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 339-340, 395; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Description: Druses on barite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 177, 292, 325; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 183.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Description: Some native copper found near the surface.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 78 (Table 4); Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 343; ; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Description: Occurs as a constituent of pelitic schists.
Reference: Leo, G.W. (1967) The plutonic and metamorphic rocks of the Ben Lomond Mountain area, Santa Cruz County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology Special Report 91: 40; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 449.
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Raman confirmed by Dr. Yang, University of Arizona, August 2020. Clear scalenohedral crystals. Collected by Bruce J. Murphy 1985
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Colour: Pistachio-green
Description: Lovely crystals assoc. with luetheite & chenevixite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 187.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Description: As botryoidal crusts and pseudomorphs after wulfenite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 189; Min.Rec.: 14: 299-306.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 69 (Table 4); Knight (1970); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Description: Occurs pseudomorphous after wulfenite with calcite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 195.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 30; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 49.
'Delessite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 339-340.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 299.
Diaboleite
Formula: Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Description: Occurs as fist-sized masses of fine-grained, crystalline material.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 202.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 203.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 390, 401.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities:
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 205, 245; Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 90.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Description: Occurs in metamorphosed areas in limestones near contacts with intrusives.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 207; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12: 237-269.
Dumontite
Formula: Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 209, 266; Granger, H.C. & R.B. Raup (1962), Recon. Study of Uranium Deposits in AZ, USGS Bull. 1147-A: 42-44.
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 210.
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Description: Secondary mineral in quartz diorite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 210; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, Econ.Geol.: 12: 237-269.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Description: Rare vein mineral with pyrite under a chalcocite enrichment blanket.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 213.
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Description: Occurs sparingly in younger andesites.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 214; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 89.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Description: Present in epidotized lamprophyre dikes.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 61 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 216.
'Erionite'
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 216.
Erionite-K
Formula: (K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.:216
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Description: Occurs sparingly in gabbro, diabase & andesites.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 317.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048354, MRDS ID #M899945.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 423.
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 221; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 82.
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ◻Ca2(Fe2+4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10037110, MRDS ID #M030418.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Colour: Reddish.
Description: As a gangue mineral.
Reference: The Resources of Arizona - A Reliable Manual of Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881), Prescott, AZ: 42; Ref.: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 56; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 340; Schrader (1915): 271-272; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mts, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12: 237-269; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mts, AZ, USGS Bull.430: 154-163; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 26; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 272; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 44; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
'Freibergite Subgroup'
Formula: ([Ag6]4+,(Ag,Cu)6)((Cu,Ag)4C2+2)Sb4S12S0-1
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 60 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 248-251; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 186 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 79 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Galena var. Silver-bearing Galena
Formula: PbS with Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 56 localities in this region.
Description: Auriferous as well. Largely oxidized.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 61 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 351-352; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10046340, MRDS ID #M241347.
Gedrite
Formula: ◻{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Description: Occurs in gangue.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 230; Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 91.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Colour: Black
Fluorescence: None
Description: Masses of broad-bladed, radial crystal aggregates.
Reference: Self-collected: C.Lemanski, E. Stuart, R. Deblois, S. Misiur
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Description: As placer gold.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4); Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mts, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 279.
Gold var. Electrum
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Colour: Whitish gold
Description: Exceptionally large % Ag - approx. 1:5 Ag:Au alloy.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 62 (Table 4); Blake (1899); Wilson, E.D. (1927), AZ Gold Placers, 2nd. ed., revised, Univ. of AZ Bull. 124: 54-55; AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 135 (1933), AZ Gold Placers & Placering: 76-77; Wilson, E.D. (1961): 82-83; Johnson (1972): 46-47; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Graphite
Formula: C
Description: In metamorphosed limestone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 403.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Description: In limestone in contact metamorphic deposits.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 240.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Gypsum var. Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 243.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 283; Bayliss, P. & D. Atencia (1985), X-ray powder diffraction data and cell parameters for copiapite group minerals, Canadian Mineralogist: 23: 53.
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Description: Occurs as a constituent of fine-grained, brownish manganese oxides.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 244; Olson, H.J. (1966), Oxidation of a sulfide body, Glove mine, Santa Cruz Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 61: 731-743; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Description: Occurs with diopside and other contact metamorphic silicates.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 245; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12:237-269; Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 90.
Hedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: J.D. Mizer, collection
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 59 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 80 (Table 4); Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 307; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Hematite var. Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: The Resources of Arizona - A Reliable Manual of Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881), Prescott, AZ: 42; Ref.: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 56; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 272; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Self-collected: C.Lemanski, E. Stuart, R. Deblois, S. Misiur
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Description: Phenocrysts to ¾ inch long in diorite adjacent to the fault.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 183.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10046339, MRDS ID #M241346.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Description: In several contact metamorphic deposits.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 258; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12:237-269.
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Habit: Small, isolated
Description: Globules & specks in "contour boxwork" limonite deposits.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 259; Blanchard, R. & P.F. Boswell (1930), Limonite types derived from bornite and tetrahedrite, Econ.Geol. 25: 557-580;
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 262.
Johannsenite
Formula: CaMn2+Si2O6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 390, 401.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Description: In altered wall rocks.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 58 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 258-263; Kartchner (1944); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data;
Kasolite
Formula: Pb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Description: Crystalline mat. assoc. w. oxidized Pb ore in shear zone in rhyolite.
Reference: Ref.: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 72 (Table 4); US Atomic Energy Commission Prelim. Reconnaisance Report D-441 (1952); Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 209, 266; Granger, H.C. & R.B. Raup (1962), Recon. Study of Uranium Deposits in AZ, USGS Bull. 1147-A: 42-44; Nelson (1963); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 276.
'K Feldspar var. Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 383.
'K Feldspar var. Valencianite'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Erik Vercammen collection
Lead
Formula: Pb
Description: As native lead in a gold placer deposit.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4); Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mts, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 279.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Eckhard D. Stuart
Luetheite (TL)
Formula: Cu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Habit: Small, tabular
Colour: India-blue
Description: In veinlets & vugs in rhyolite breccia. Luetheite type material was found by Joe Ruiz in a dry creek bed near the Humboldt mine (pers. comm. from Joe Ruiz to Rolf Luetcke).
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 281; Williams, S.A. (1977), Luetheite, Cu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4.H2O, a new mineral from Arizona compared with chenevixite, Mineralogical Magazine: 41: 27-42; Joe Ruiz, pers. comm. to Rolf Luetcke.
Magnesiocopiapite
Formula: MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Habit: Micro-crystals
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 283; Bayliss, P. & D. Atencia (1985), X-ray powder diffraction data and cell parameters for copiapite group minerals, Canadian Mineralogist: 23: 53.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Description: A component of host rocks (quartz monzonite).
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 319 & 320.
Magnetite var. Lodestone
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Description: Occurs in considerable quantities.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 284; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12: 237-269; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 39.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 60 (Table 4); Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 351.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
'Manganese Oxides var. Manganese Dendrites'
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 289; Olson, H.J. (1966), Oxidation of a sulfide body, Glove mine, Santa Cruz Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 61: 731-743.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 72 (Table 4); Blake (1901); Webb & Coryell (1954); Nelson (1963); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 291; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 28; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 258-263.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 314-315.
Melanterite var. Copper-bearing Melanterite
Formula: (Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Description: Efflorescences on tunnel walls.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 177, 292, 325; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Description: Observed in a drill core as silky, white fibers with calcite in veinlets cutting fresh granodiorite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 294.
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 84 (Table 4); US Atomic Energy Commission Prelim. Reconnaisance Report A-P-359 (1955); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Muntyan, B. (2012) Amethyst scepters from the Santo Nino Mine, Santa Cruz County, Arizona. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #2, 126-133.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 300; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 258-263.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 82 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
'Molybdenite-2H'
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Frondel,Judith W. and Wickman, Frans E,(1970) Molybdenite Polytypes In Theory And Occurrence .II.Some Naturally- Occurring Polytypes Of Molybdenite. The America Mineralogist,Vol.55,Nov-Dec,1970
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Description: Occurs replacing and forming incrustations on wulfenite.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 70.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Description: As rims surrounding ore minerals or as masses enclosing the ore minerals.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 264.
Muscovite var. Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 64 (Table 4); Wilson, E.D. (1934)(revised 1967): 191-192; Knight (1970); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Nsutite
Formula: (Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Description: Occurs with several other manganese oxides.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 315; Koutz, F. (1984), The Hardshell silver, base-metal, Mn-oxide deposit, in Wilkins, J. (editor), AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 15: 199.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Colour: Blue.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 193.
Opal var. Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 87.
Opal var. Precious Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 193.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Colour: Reddish
Description: A prominent component of a red granitic country rock.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 217.
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 390, 401.
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 323.
'Petrified Wood'
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 350.
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Description: Alteration product of tennantite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 177, 292, 325; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 390, 401.
Phosphohedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Description: Occurs as crystals on wulfenite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 331; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 32.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 333, 335, 385; Engineering & Mining Jour. (1912), The mining news: 97: 395.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10037099, MRDS ID #M030397.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 335.
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 333, 335, 385; Engineering & Mining Jour. (1912), The mining news: 97: 395.
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 339; Olson, H.J. (1966), Oxidation of a sulfide body, Glove mine, Santa Cruz Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 61: 731-743.
'Pumpellyite'
Description: Occurs as amygdules in altered andesite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 339-340, 395; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56; Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World, p.502.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Description: Occurs in deeper levels as a 4 inch wide oreshoot.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 340; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 272; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 26; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 44;
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 186 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 72 (Table 4); Nelson (1963); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Pyrite var. Cupriferous Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Moore, R.T. (1953), Minerals and Metals of Increasing Interest, Rare and Radioactive Minerals, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 163: 13.
Pyrite var. Gold-bearing Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Wilson, E.D. (1934)(revised 1967), AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 137: 189.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Description: As a gangue mineral.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 57 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 278-279; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 72 (Table 4); US Atomic Energy Commission Prelim. Reconnaisance Report A-R-2 (1953); Granger & Raup (1962): 42-44; Nelson (1963); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Localities:
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048337, MRDS ID #M899921.
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10037099, MRDS ID #M030397.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Description: Occurs in contact zones in Paleozoic limestones.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 346; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12:237-269; Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 328.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 58 localities in this region.
Habit: Japan-law twins; some crystals 2 feet (60 cm) long and 5 inches (12.5 cm)
Colour: Colorless, cloudy, milky
Description: Crystals common, including Japan-law twins.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 152; Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 328.; See photo #314280, personally collected by Stan Esbenshade, 2005
Quartz var. Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Description: Occurs in pegmatite in large crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 347; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 84.
Quartz var. Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 349; Olson, H.J. (1966), Oxidation of a sulfide body, Glove mine, Santa Cruz Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 61: 731-743.
Quartz var. Jasper
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10258915, MAS ID #0040230397.
Quartz var. Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Eckhard D. Stuart
Quartz var. Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 174.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Description: As a gangue mineral.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 57 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 278-279; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Rhodonite
Formula: CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 104.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 357; Olson, H.J. (1966), Oxidation of a sulfide body, Glove mine, Santa Cruz Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 61: 731-743.
Rosickýite
Formula: S
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Description: As micro-crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 359.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Description: Occurs in the open pit operation.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 361.
'Scapolite'
Description: Occurs in contact rocks.
Reference: Leo, G.W. (1967) The plutonic and metamorphic rocks of the Ben Lomond Mountain area, Santa Cruz County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology Special Report 91: 27-43; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 367.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Fluorescence: Blue-white (SW UV)
Reference: C. Lemanski, Jr. - self collected
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: Abundant in contact metamorphic deposits, as aggregates associated with galena in the partly silicated limestone just west of Washington on the Nogales Road.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 401; Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 328.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities:
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 371; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12: 237-269.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Description: Occurs with tetrahedrite.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 60 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 248-251; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 373; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153:9.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Colour: Gray
Description: Occurs as gray balls.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 374-375, 411; Olson, H.J. (1966), Oxidation of a sulfide body, Glove mine, Santa Cruz Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 61: 731-743.
Smithsonite var. Dry Bone Ore
Formula: ZnCO3
Colour: Gray
Description: Abundant as incrustations in intermediate zone of the replacement orebodies in limestone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 374-375, 411; Olson, H.J. (1966), Oxidation of a sulfide body, Glove mine, Santa Cruz Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 61: 731-743.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 118 localities in this region.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 378; Olson, H.J. (1966), Oxidation of a sulfide body, Glove mine, Santa Cruz Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 61: 731-743; Rocks & Min.: 65: 17,25; Min.Rec.: 20(5): 391; Min.Rec.: 21: 98.
Sphalerite var. Cleiophane
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Field collected
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 26; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 381; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12: 237-269.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 382; Schrader, F.C. (1919), Quicksilver deposits of the Phoenix Mountains, USGS Bull. 690-D: 95-109; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 351; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur Mines Bull. 153: 22.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Formula: (Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Description: Occurs on adularia.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 383.
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 333, 335, 385; Engineering & Mining Jour. (1912), The mining news: 97: 395.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Description: As a post mining product resulting from dump weathering.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4);
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10037099, MRDS ID #M030397.
'Tennantite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4C2+2)As4S12S
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 390, 401.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 254-256; Karchner (1944); Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 27; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4C2+2)Sb4S12S
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 56 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup var. Argentian Tetrahedrite'
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 60 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 248-251; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 373, 393; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 251; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153:9.
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 339-340, 395; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56; Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World, p.502.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities:
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10037098, MRDS ID #M030395.
Tremolite
Formula: ◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Description: In limestone in contact metamorphic deposits as the most abundant amphibole, intimately assovciaed with the ore deposits as gangue.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 402; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12:237-269; Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 328.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Description: Microscopic component of ore.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 264.
Tschermakite
Formula: ◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Description: In metamorphosed limestone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 403.
'Turgite'
Reference: Ronald Render-field collected at Alto Hill mine areas
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Description: Sparse - pitchblende variety (?); disseminated & in hairlike fractures in walls of veins.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 62 (Table 4); Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 407; Anderson, R.Y. & E.B. Kurtz, Jr. (1955), Biochemical reconnaissance of the Annie Laurie uranium prospect, Santa cruz Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 50: 227-232Granger, H.C. & R.B. Raup (1962), Recon study of uranium deposits in AZ, USGS Bull. 1147-A: A39-A42; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 35..
Uraninite var. Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Reference: Wright, R.J. (1951) Annie Laurie prospect, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Raw Material Report RMO-677, 8 p.
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Ref.: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 72 (Table 4); US Atomic Energy Commission Prelim. Reconnaisance Report D-441 (1952); Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 209, 266; Granger, H.C. & R.B. Raup (1962), Recon. Study of Uranium Deposits in AZ, USGS Bull. 1147-A: 42-44; Nelson (1963); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Description: Occurs as splendid crystals, some of good color.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 307, 411, 426; Pellegrin, A.L. (1911), Rare minerals in southern AZ, Mining World: 34: 450; Novak, G. & W.W. Besse (1986), Vanadinite from the J.C. Holmes claim, Santa Cruz Co., AZ, Min.Rec.: 17: 111-115.
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Colour: Lime-green
Description: Crystal fragments.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 414; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3:53-56.
'Wad'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 80 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 305-306; Farnham, et al (1961): 162-165; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Habit: hexagonal prisms and equant grains
Colour: water clear
Description: Excellent micro crystals with wulfenite (also micro)
Reference: Collection of Tom Trebisky, verified with Raman.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Description: Occurs in narrow quartz veins in lamprophyre dikes cutting quartz monzonite.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 61 (Table 4); Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 423; Schraader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12: 237-269; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 355; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Description: In contact-metamorphic limestones, principally in association with the cherty portion of the limestone, especially the chert nodules.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 424; Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 328-329.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Habit: Crystals to 4 inches, or more (10 cm) on an edge.
Colour: Light yellow, pale orange
Description: Remarkable crystal aggregates of various colors & habits
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 112, 189, 331, 411, 426; Olson, H.J. (1966), Oxidation of a sulfide body, Glove mine, Santa Cruz Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 61: 731-743; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 70, 80; Min.Rec.: 3: 198-199; 14: 299-306.
'Zinnwaldite'
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 430; Wilson, E.D. & G.H. Roseveare (1949), Arizona nonmetallics: a summary of past production and present operations (2nd. ed.), AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 155; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 105.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Description: Occurs in granite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 431; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12: 237-269; Schrader, F.C. (1913), Alunite in Patagonia, AZ, and Bovard, NV, Econ.Geol.: 8: 752-767; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 97.
Zunyite
Formula: Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.

Gallery:

SiO2 Quartz var. Amethyst
TiO2 Rutile

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
var. Electrum1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Rosickýite1.CC.05S
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
'Freibergite Subgroup'2.GB.05([Ag6]4+,(Ag,Cu)6)((Cu,Ag)4C2+2)Sb4S12S0-1
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var. Silver-bearing Galena2.CD.10PbS with Ag
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var. Cupriferous Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var. Gold-bearing Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var. Cleiophane2.CB.05aZnS
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
'Tennantite Subgroup'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4C2+2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4C2+2)Sb4S12S
'var. Argentian Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Bromargyrite3.AA.15AgBr
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
var. Bromian Chlorargyrite3.AA.15Ag(Cl,Br)
Diaboleite3.DB.05Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Iodargyrite3.AA.10AgI
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Akaganeite4.DK.05(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var. Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var. Lodestone4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Nsutite4.DB.15c(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var. Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var. Precious Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var. Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var. Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var. Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var. Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var. Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var. Flos Ferri5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var. Limestone Onyx5.AB.05CaCO3
var. Manganese-bearing Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
var. Silver-bearing Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3 with Ag
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
var. Dry Bone Ore5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alum-(Na)7.CC.20NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
var. Silver-bearing Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var. Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Magnesiocopiapite7.DB.35MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
var. Copper-bearing Melanterite7.CB.35(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Brackebuschite8.BG.05Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Calderónite8.BG.05Pb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Chalcosiderite8.DD.15CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Chenevixite8.DD.05Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Clinoclase8.BE.20Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Corkite8.BL.05PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornubite8.BD.30Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Dumontite8.EC.15Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Hedyphane8.BN.05Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Luetheite (TL)8.DD.05Cu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Phosphohedyphane8.BN.05Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var. Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var. Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var. Pennine9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dumortierite9.AJ.10(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Erionite-K9.GD.20(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Ferro-hornblende9.DE.10◻Ca2(Fe2+4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Gedrite9.DD.05◻{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Johannsenite9.DA.15CaMn2+Si2O6
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kasolite9.AK.15Pb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var. Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Tremolite9.DE.10◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tschermakite9.DE.10◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zunyite9.BJ.55Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
''-
'Alum Group'-XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
'Antimony Ochre'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Bisbeeite' ?-(Cu,Mg)SiO3 · nH2O
'Chlorite Group'-
'Delessite'-(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
'Erionite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var. Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'var. Valencianite'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var. Manganese Dendrites'-
'Molybdenite-2H'-MoS2
'Petrified Wood'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Turgite'-
'Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Rosickýite1.3.5.2S
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Dyscrasite2.2.1.1Ag3Sb
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Pearceite3.1.8.1[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
3 <ø < 4
'Freibergite Subgroup'3.3.6.3([Ag6]4+,(Ag,Cu)6)((Cu,Ag)4C2+2)Sb4S12S0-1
'Tennantite Subgroup'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4C2+2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4C2+2)Sb4S12S
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Nsutite4.4.8.1(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Akaganeite6.1.6.1(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Bromargyrite9.1.4.2AgBr
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Iodargyrite9.1.5.1AgI
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Diaboleite10.6.1.1Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Alum-(Na)29.5.5.2NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Magnesiocopiapite31.10.5.2MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Brackebuschite40.2.8.1Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Clinoclase41.3.1.1Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Cornubite41.4.2.1Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Hedyphane41.8.2.1Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Dumontite42.4.5.1Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chenevixite42.7.10.1Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Luetheite (TL)42.7.10.2Cu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Chalcosiderite42.9.3.4CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Corkite43.4.1.2PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Kasolite53.3.1.1Pb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Dumortierite54.1.2.1(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si5O16] groups
Zunyite57.3.1.1Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Johannsenite65.1.3a.4CaMn2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Gedrite66.1.2.5◻{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
''-
Actinolite-◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Albite
var. Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Alum Group'-XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Anglesite
var. Silver-bearing Anglesite
-PbSO4
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var. Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Antimony Ochre'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
var. Flos Ferri-CaCO3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Bisbeeite' ?-(Cu,Mg)SiO3 · nH2O
Calcite
var. Limestone Onyx
-CaCO3
var. Manganese-bearing Calcite-(Ca,Mn)CO3
Calderónite-Pb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Cerussite
var. Silver-bearing Cerussite
-PbCO3 with Ag
Chlorargyrite
var. Bromian Chlorargyrite
-Ag(Cl,Br)
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinochlore
var. Pennine
-Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Delessite'-(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
'Erionite'-
Erionite-K-(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Ferro-hornblende-◻Ca2(Fe2+4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Galena
var. Silver-bearing Galena
-PbS with Ag
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gold
var. Electrum
-(Au,Ag)
Gypsum
var. Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
var. Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var. Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'var. Valencianite'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
var. Lodestone
-Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var. Manganese Dendrites'-
Melanterite
var. Copper-bearing Melanterite
-(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
'Molybdenite-2H'-MoS2
Muscovite
var. Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var. Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
var. Precious Opal-SiO2 · nH2O
'Petrified Wood'-
Phosphohedyphane-Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pumpellyite'-
Pyrite
var. Cupriferous Pyrite
-FeS2
var. Gold-bearing Pyrite-FeS2
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var. Amethyst
-SiO2
var. Chalcedony-SiO2
var. Jasper-SiO2
var. Rock Crystal-SiO2
var. Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Smithsonite
var. Dry Bone Ore
-ZnCO3
Sphalerite
var. Cleiophane
-ZnS
'Stilbite subgroup'-(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup
var. Argentian Tetrahedrite'
-(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tschermakite-◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Turgite'-
Uraninite
var. Pitchblende
-UO2
'Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H LuetheiteCu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Gypsum var. SeleniteCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H KasolitePb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
H CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
H ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
H Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
H VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
H Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
H Gedrite◻{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Opal var. Precious OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Tschermakite◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
H Opal var. Opal-ANSiO2 · nH2O
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H Clinochlore var. PennineMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Delessite(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
H BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
H Melanterite var. Copper-bearing Melanterite(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
H Ferro-hornblende◻Ca2(Fe42+Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H CalderónitePb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H Bisbeeite(Cu,Mg)SiO3 · nH2O
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C Cerussite var. Silver-bearing CerussitePbCO3 with Ag
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C Smithsonite var. Dry Bone OreZnCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C Calcite var. Limestone OnyxCaCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
C GraphiteC
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C SideriteFeCO3
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C Aragonite var. Flos FerriCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O LuetheiteCu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
O CerussitePbCO3
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Cerussite var. Silver-bearing CerussitePbCO3 with Ag
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O QuartzSiO2
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O Gypsum var. SeleniteCaSO4 · 2H2O
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Smithsonite var. Dry Bone OreZnCO3
O MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Calcite var. Limestone OnyxCaCO3
O Hematite var. SpeculariteFe2O3
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O TenoriteCuO
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O UraniniteUO2
O Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
O Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O KasolitePb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O HematiteFe2O3
O Anglesite var. Silver-bearing AnglesitePbSO4
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
O ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
O Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
O FerberiteFeWO4
O VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O RutileTiO2
O Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
O K Feldspar var. AdulariaKAlSi3O8
O JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
O CupriteCu2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Gedrite◻{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
O RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Opal var. Precious OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Tschermakite◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O Quartz var. AmethystSiO2
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MiniumPb3O4
O MassicotPbO
O SideriteFeCO3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O Quartz var. ChalcedonySiO2
O PlattneritePbO2
O HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
O Opal var. Opal-ANSiO2 · nH2O
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O Magnetite var. LodestoneFe2+Fe23+O4
O Clinochlore var. PennineMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Delessite(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
O Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
O Aragonite var. Flos FerriCaCO3
O BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O AnataseTiO2
O BrookiteTiO2
O ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
O Melanterite var. Copper-bearing Melanterite(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O Quartz var. Smoky QuartzSiO2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TridymiteSiO2
O Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
O Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Ferro-hornblende◻Ca2(Fe42+Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
O Quartz var. Rock CrystalSiO2
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O CalderónitePb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O K Feldspar var. ValencianiteKAlSi3O8
O Uraninite var. PitchblendeUO2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O AragoniteCaCO3
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O Bisbeeite(Cu,Mg)SiO3 · nH2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
F ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
NaSodium
Na Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Na Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Mg VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Gedrite◻{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Tschermakite◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Clinochlore var. PennineMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Delessite(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Bisbeeite(Cu,Mg)SiO3 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al LuetheiteCu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Al Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Al ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Al VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Al K Feldspar var. AdulariaKAlSi3O8
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Gedrite◻{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Tschermakite◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al Clinochlore var. PennineMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Delessite(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Al Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Al Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Ferro-hornblende◻Ca2(Fe42+Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al K Feldspar var. ValencianiteKAlSi3O8
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SiSilicon
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si KasolitePb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Si K Feldspar var. AdulariaKAlSi3O8
Si JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Gedrite◻{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Opal var. Precious OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Tschermakite◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Quartz var. AmethystSiO2
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Quartz var. ChalcedonySiO2
Si Opal var. Opal-ANSiO2 · nH2O
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si Clinochlore var. PennineMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Delessite(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Si Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si Quartz var. Smoky QuartzSiO2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Si Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Ferro-hornblende◻Ca2(Fe42+Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Quartz var. Rock CrystalSiO2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si K Feldspar var. ValencianiteKAlSi3O8
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Bisbeeite(Cu,Mg)SiO3 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
P ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Galena var. Silver-bearing GalenaPbS with Ag
S Gypsum var. SeleniteCaSO4 · 2H2O
S AnglesitePbSO4
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S AcanthiteAg2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4C22+)Sb4S12S
S ChalcociteCu2S
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BaryteBaSO4
S Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S SulphurS8
S Tetrahedrite Subgroup var. Argentian Tetrahedrite(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S Freibergite Subgroup([Ag6]4+,(Ag,Cu)6)((Cu,Ag)4C22+)Sb4S12S0-1
S StibniteSb2S3
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S CovelliteCuS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S CinnabarHgS
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S Anglesite var. Silver-bearing AnglesitePbSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S Tennantite SubgroupCu6(Cu4C22+)As4S12S
S DigeniteCu9S5
S AlabanditeMnS
S Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S StephaniteAg5SbS4
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S Pyrite var. Gold-bearing PyriteFeS2
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S Melanterite var. Copper-bearing Melanterite(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
S Pyrite var. Cupriferous PyriteFeS2
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S Molybdenite-2HMoS2
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S Sphalerite var. CleiophaneZnS
S RosickýiteS
S CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6