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Luzon, Philippinesi
Regional Level Types
LuzonIsland Group
PhilippinesCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Quezon City2,761,720 (2017)
Manila1,600,000 (2017)
Caloocan City1,500,000 (2017)
Taguig644,473 (2017)
Pasig City617,301 (2017)
Las Piñas590,000 (2017)


The name of the largest island in the Philippines, but also the name of the island group which includes the surrounding islands.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

114 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Actinolite var: Smaragdite
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: South-East Asian Oil, Gas, Coal, and Mineral Deposits, C. Hutchison,1996
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Jianmin Chen (2011): Global Geology 30(2), 145-153
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Company information material received at visit (2006)
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Antamokite'
Reference: Alvir, A. D. (1906). Antamokite, a New Gold-silver Telluride. The Philippine Journal of Science, 1, 135.; American Mineralogist 13:491
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1996) 91:243-272
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Hill Jr., L. C. (1974) Bondoc: An Unusual Brecciated Meteorite. Master's Thesis: Arizona State University. 109 pages.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Brochantite ?
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna ore deposit collection
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1996) 91:243-272; Callow, K. J., & Worley, J. (1965). The occurrence of telluride minerals at the Acupan gold mine, Mountain Province, Philippines. Economic Geology, 60(2), 251-268.
'Calcic plagioclase'
Reference: Fournelle, J., Carmody, R., & Daag, A. S. (1996). Anhydrite-bearing pumices from the June 15, 1991, eruption of Mount Pinatubo: geochemistry, mineralogy, and petrology. Fire and Mud: Eruptions and Lahars of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, 845-862.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: South-East Asian Oil, Gas, Coal, and Mineral Deposits, C. Hutchison, 1996
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
'Clays'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Chromian Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
'Clinoptilolite'
Reference: Olegario-Sanchez, E., Felizco, J. C., & Mulimbayan, F. (2017, December). Investigation of the thermal behavior of Philippine natural zeolites. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1901, No. 1, p. 070005). AIP Publishing.
Clinoptilolite-Na
Formula: Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Reference: Olegario-Sanchez, E., Felizco, J. C., & Mulimbayan, F. (2017, December). Investigation of the thermal behavior of Philippine natural zeolites. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1901, No. 1, p. 070005). AIP Publishing.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup var: Subcalcic ferroaugite'
Reference: Fournelle, J., Carmody, R., & Daag, A. S. (1996). Anhydrite-bearing pumices from the June 15, 1991, eruption of Mount Pinatubo: geochemistry, mineralogy, and petrology. Fire and Mud: Eruptions and Lahars of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, 845-862.
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1996) 91:243-272; Callow, K. J., & Worley, J. (1965). The occurrence of telluride minerals at the Acupan gold mine, Mountain Province, Philippines. Economic Geology, 60(2), 251-268.
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Copper
Formula: Cu
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Crocoite
Formula: PbCrO4
Reference: F. Rutley: "Elements of Mineralogy", 12th Ed. (1900)
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Fournelle, J., Carmody, R., & Daag, A. S. (1996). Anhydrite-bearing pumices from the June 15, 1991, eruption of Mount Pinatubo: geochemistry, mineralogy, and petrology. Fire and Mud: Eruptions and Lahars of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, 845-862.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Fournelle, J., Carmody, R., & Daag, A. S. (1996). Anhydrite-bearing pumices from the June 15, 1991, eruption of Mount Pinatubo: geochemistry, mineralogy, and petrology. Fire and Mud: Eruptions and Lahars of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, 845-862.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Fournelle, J., Carmody, R., & Daag, A. S. (1996). Anhydrite-bearing pumices from the June 15, 1991, eruption of Mount Pinatubo: geochemistry, mineralogy, and petrology. Fire and Mud: Eruptions and Lahars of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, 845-862.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: Fournelle, J., Carmody, R., & Daag, A. S. (1996). Anhydrite-bearing pumices from the June 15, 1991, eruption of Mount Pinatubo: geochemistry, mineralogy, and petrology. Fire and Mud: Eruptions and Lahars of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, 845-862.
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: Fournelle, J., Carmody, R., & Daag, A. S. (1996). Anhydrite-bearing pumices from the June 15, 1991, eruption of Mount Pinatubo: geochemistry, mineralogy, and petrology. Fire and Mud: Eruptions and Lahars of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, 845-862.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Rohan C. Wolfe and David R. Cooke (2011): Geology of the Didipio Region and Genesis of the Dinkidi Alkalic Porphyry Cu-Au Deposit and Related Pegmatites, Northern Luzon, Philippines. Economic Geology 106, 1279-1315.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: Rohan C. Wolfe and David R. Cooke (2011): Geology of the Didipio Region and Genesis of the Dinkidi Alkalic Porphyry Cu-Au Deposit and Related Pegmatites, Northern Luzon, Philippines. Economic Geology 106, 1279-1315.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'
Reference: Fournelle, J., Carmody, R., & Daag, A. S. (1996). Anhydrite-bearing pumices from the June 15, 1991, eruption of Mount Pinatubo: geochemistry, mineralogy, and petrology. Fire and Mud: Eruptions and Lahars of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, 845-862.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Goldfieldite
Formula: (Cu102)Te4S12S
Graphite
Formula: C
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Reference: Olegario-Sanchez, E., Felizco, J. C., & Mulimbayan, F. (2017, December). Investigation of the thermal behavior of Philippine natural zeolites. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1901, No. 1, p. 070005). AIP Publishing.
'Hornblende'
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
'Iddingsite'
Formula: MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Reference: Miklius, A., Flower, M., Huijsmans, J., Mukasa, S., Castillo, P. (1991) Geochemistry of Lavas from Taal Volcano, Southwestern Luzon, Philippines: Evidence for Multiple Magma Supply Systems and Mantle Source Heterogeneity. Journal of Petrology, 32(3), 593-627.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: H. J. Axon and M. J. Nasir (1977) A Metallographic and Microprobe Examination of a Metallic Nodule from the Bondoc Peninsula Meteorite. Mineralogical Magazine 41:121-122.; Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: H. J. Axon and M. J. Nasir (1977) A Metallographic and Microprobe Examination of a Metallic Nodule from the Bondoc Peninsula Meteorite. Mineralogical Magazine 41:121-122.; Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Kawazulite
Formula: Bi2Te2Se
Reference: Fermor 2011: Ore Deposits in an Evolving Earth
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Reference: Piestrzyński, A., Schmidt, S.Th., Franco, H. (1994): Pd-minerals in the Sto. Tomas II, porphyry copper deposit, Tuba Benguet, Philippines. Mineralogia Polonica: 25(2): 21-31; Tarkian, M., & Koopmann, G. (1995). Platinum-group minerals in the Santo Tomas II (Philex) porphyry copper-gold deposit, Luzon Island, Philippines. Mineralium Deposita, 30(1), 39-47.
Lawrencite
Formula: (Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Description: One of a number of weathering products found in abundance. However, lawrencite continues to corrode even in relatively dry conditions.
Reference: Hill Jr., L. C. (1974) Bondoc: An Unusual Brecciated Meteorite. Master's Thesis: Arizona State University. 109 pages.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Luzonite (TL)
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: [Tschermaks Min.Mitth.(1874) p. 257; Berg- und Hüttenmänn. Ztg.(1869) 28, p. 105 and 113; Nickel & Nichols, 1991, "Mineral Reference Manual", 123]; Claveria, R. J. R. (2001). Mineral paragenesis of the Lepanto copper and gold and the Victoria gold deposits, Mankayan mineral district, Philippines. Resource Geology, 51(2), 97-106.; Hassan-Nezhad, A. A., & Moore, F. (2006). A stable isotope and fluid inclusion study of the Qaleh-ZariCu–Au–Ag deposit, Khorasan Province, Iran. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 27(6), 805-818.
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Description: (Originally labelled "chromite", but analysis clearly yields magnesiochromite.
Reference: Alfredo Petrov specimens and analysis.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Miklius, A., Flower, M., Huijsmans, J., Mukasa, S., Castillo, P. (1991) Geochemistry of Lavas from Taal Volcano, Southwestern Luzon, Philippines: Evidence for Multiple Magma Supply Systems and Mantle Source Heterogeneity. Journal of Petrology, 32(3), 593-627.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Tarkian, M., & Koopmann, G. (1995). Platinum-group minerals in the Santo Tomas II (Philex) porphyry copper-gold deposit, Luzon Island, Philippines. Mineralium Deposita, 30(1), 39-47.; Piestrzyński, A., Schmidt, S.Th., Franco, H. (1994): Pd-minerals in the Sto. Tomas II, porphyry copper deposit, Tuba Benguet, Philippines. Mineralogia Polonica: 25(2): 21-31
'Mertieite'
Reference: Piestrzyński, A., Schmidt, S.Th., Franco, H. (1994): Pd-minerals in the Sto. Tomas II, porphyry copper deposit, Tuba Benguet, Philippines. Mineralogia Polonica: 25(2): 21-31
'Mica Group'
Reference: South-East Asian Oil, Gas, Coal, and Mineral Deposits, C. Hutchison, 1996
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Tarkian, M., & Koopmann, G. (1995). Platinum-group minerals in the Santo Tomas II (Philex) porphyry copper-gold deposit, Luzon Island, Philippines. Mineralium Deposita, 30(1), 39-47.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Reference: Olegario-Sanchez, E., Felizco, J. C., & Mulimbayan, F. (2017, December). Investigation of the thermal behavior of Philippine natural zeolites. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1901, No. 1, p. 070005). AIP Publishing.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Nekrasovite
Formula: Cu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
Reference: Fermor 2011: Ore Deposits in an Evolving Earth
Niter
Formula: KNO3
Reference: Jianmin Chen (2011): Global Geology 30(2), 145-153
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Fournelle, J., Carmody, R., & Daag, A. S. (1996). Anhydrite-bearing pumices from the June 15, 1991, eruption of Mount Pinatubo: geochemistry, mineralogy, and petrology. Fire and Mud: Eruptions and Lahars of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, 845-862.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Jianmin Chen (2011): Global Geology 30(2), 145-153
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Miklius, A., Flower, M., Huijsmans, J., Mukasa, S., Castillo, P. (1991) Geochemistry of Lavas from Taal Volcano, Southwestern Luzon, Philippines: Evidence for Multiple Magma Supply Systems and Mantle Source Heterogeneity. Journal of Petrology, 32(3), 593-627.
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Reference: South-East Asian Oil, Gas, Coal, and Mineral Deposits, C. Hutchison,1996
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Econ Geol (1996) 91:243-272
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Econ Geol (1996) 91:243-272
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: South-East Asian Oil, Gas, Coal, and Mineral Deposits, C. Hutchison, 1996; Econ Geol (1996) 91:243-272
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
'Scapolite'
Reference: Jianmin Chen (2011): Global Geology 30(2), 145-153
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: H. J. Axon and M. J. Nasir (1977) A Metallographic and Microprobe Examination of a Metallic Nodule from the Bondoc Peninsula Meteorite. Mineralogical Magazine 41:121-122.; Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.; Hill Jr., L. C. (1974) Bondoc: An Unusual Brecciated Meteorite. Master's Thesis: Arizona State University. 109 pages.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
'Silica'
Description: Most likely tridymite.
Reference: Hill Jr., L. C. (1974) Bondoc: An Unusual Brecciated Meteorite. Master's Thesis: Arizona State University. 109 pages.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Sopcheite
Formula: Ag4Pd3Te4
Reference: Piestrzyński, A., Schmidt, S.Th., Franco, H. (1994): Pd-minerals in the Sto. Tomas II, porphyry copper deposit, Tuba Benguet, Philippines. Mineralogia Polonica: 25(2): 21-31
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Stannoidite
Formula: Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: Gardner, Dion L. (1939): Geological sketch of San Mauricio. Philippine Mining News 8, 27-31.
Stibiopalladinite
Formula: Pd5Sb2
Reference: Piestrzyński, A., Schmidt, S.Th., Franco, H. (1994): Pd-minerals in the Sto. Tomas II, porphyry copper deposit, Tuba Benguet, Philippines. Mineralogia Polonica: 25(2): 21-31
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Stützite
Formula: Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Reference: Fermor 2011: Ore Deposits in an Evolving Earth
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: H. J. Axon and M. J. Nasir (1977) A Metallographic and Microprobe Examination of a Metallic Nodule from the Bondoc Peninsula Meteorite. Mineralogical Magazine 41:121-122.; Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.; Hill Jr., L. C. (1974) Bondoc: An Unusual Brecciated Meteorite. Master's Thesis: Arizona State University. 109 pages.
'Tektite var: Bikolite'
Reference: http://www.tektites.co.uk/paracalemines.html
'Tektite var: Philippinite'
Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Philippinite.jpg
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Fermor 2011: Ore Deposits in an Evolving Earth
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Reference: Fermor 2011: Ore Deposits in an Evolving Earth
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Fermor 2011: Ore Deposits in an Evolving Earth
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Jianmin Chen (2011): Global Geology 30(2), 145-153
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: H. J. Axon and M. J. Nasir (1977) A Metallographic and Microprobe Examination of a Metallic Nodule from the Bondoc Peninsula Meteorite. Mineralogical Magazine 41:121-122.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
'UM1994-21-S:AgTe'
Formula: Ag3TeS
Reference: Piestrzyński, A., Schmidt, s.Th., Franco, H. (1994): Pd minerals in the Sto. Tomas II porphyry copper deposit, Tuba Benguet, Philippines. Mineralogia Polonica: 25(2): 21-31; in: Jambor, J.L., Kovalenker, V.A., Roberts, A.C (1996): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 81: 1016
'Unnamed (Ag Telluride Sulphide II)'
Formula: Ag3TeS
Reference: Piestrzyński, A., Schmidt, S.Th., Franco, H. (1994): Pd-minerals in the Sto. Tomas II, porphyry copper deposit, Tuba Benguet, Philippines. Mineralogia Polonica: 25(2): 21-31
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Reference: South-East Asian Oil, Gas, Coal, and Mineral Deposits, C. Hutchison,1996
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: South-East Asian Oil, Gas, Coal, and Mineral Deposits, C. Hutchison,1996
Vysotskite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)S
Reference: Piestrzyński, A., Schmidt, S.Th., Franco, H. (1994): Pd-minerals in the Sto. Tomas II, porphyry copper deposit, Tuba Benguet, Philippines. Mineralogia Polonica: 25(2): 21-31
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Reference: H. J. Axon and M. J. Nasir (1977) A Metallographic and Microprobe Examination of a Metallic Nodule from the Bondoc Peninsula Meteorite. Mineralogical Magazine 41:121-122.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: South-East Asian Oil, Gas, Coal, and Mineral Deposits, C. Hutchison, 1996
'Zeolite Group'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zunyite
Formula: Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Anilite2.BA.10Cu7S4
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Colusite2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Goldfieldite2.GB.05(Cu102)Te4S12S
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Kawazulite2.DC.05Bi2Te2Se
Kotulskite2.CC.05Pd(Te,Bi)
Luzonite (TL)2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Merenskyite2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Moncheite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Nekrasovite2.CB.30Cu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sopcheite2.BC.55Ag4Pd3Te4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannoidite2.CB.15cCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Stibiopalladinite2.AC.20aPd5Sb2
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stützite2.BA.65Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Vysotskite2.CC.35a(Pd,Ni)S
Group 3 - Halides
Lawrencite3.AB.20(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnesiochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Niter5.NA.10KNO3
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite ?7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Crocoite7.FA.20PbCrO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Whitlockite8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var: Smaragdite9.DE.10Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Chromian Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Clinoptilolite-Na9.GE.05Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Heulandite-Ca9.GE.05(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uvarovite9.AD.25Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zunyite9.BJ.55Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Antamokite'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Calcic plagioclase'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'var: Subcalcic ferroaugite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'Hornblende'-
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mertieite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Tektite
var: Bikolite'
-
'var: Philippinite'-
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1994-21-S:AgTe'-Ag3TeS
'Unnamed (Ag Telluride Sulphide II)'-Ag3TeS
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Stibiopalladinite2.3.3.1Pd5Sb2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Anilite2.4.7.5Cu7S4
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Coloradoite2.8.2.5HgTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Vysotskite2.8.5.2(Pd,Ni)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Idaite2.9.14.1Cu5FeS6
Stannoidite2.9.3.3Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Kawazulite2.11.7.5Bi2Te2Se
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Merenskyite2.12.14.4(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Moncheite2.12.14.3(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sylvanite2.12.13.3(Au,Ag)2Te4
Miscellaneous
Sopcheite2.16.10.1Ag4Pd3Te4
Stützite2.16.13.1Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Colusite3.1.1.1Cu13VAs3S16
Nekrasovite3.1.1.3Cu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Famatinite3.2.2.2Cu3SbS4
Luzonite (TL)3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Goldfieldite3.3.6.6(Cu102)Te4S12S
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ø = 3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnesiochromite7.2.3.1MgCr2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Lawrencite9.2.3.1(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 18 - NORMAL NITRATES
AXO3·xH2O, where x can equal zero
Niter18.1.2.1KNO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite ?30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 35 - ANHYDROUS CHROMATES
AXO4
Crocoite35.3.1.1PbCrO4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Whitlockite38.3.4.1Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Uvarovite51.4.3b.3Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si5O16] groups
Zunyite57.3.1.1Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Edenite66.1.3a.10{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Heulandite-Ca77.1.4.1(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Mordenite77.1.6.1(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var: Smaragdite-Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Antamokite'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Calcic plagioclase'-
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
Clinochlore
var: Chromian Clinochlore
-Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
'Clinoptilolite'-
Clinoptilolite-Na-Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'var: Subcalcic ferroaugite'-
'Electrum'-(Au,Ag)
Enstatite
var: Bronzite
-(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Iron-Fe
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kotulskite-Pd(Te,Bi)
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Mertieite'-
'Mica Group'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Tektite
var: Bikolite'
-
'var: Philippinite'-
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1994-21-S:AgTe'-Ag3TeS
'Unnamed (Ag Telluride Sulphide II)'-Ag3TeS
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
-UO2
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
H Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
H Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
H Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
H IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C GraphiteC
NNitrogen
N NiterKNO3
OOxygen
O CrocoitePbCrO4
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O BaryteBaSO4
O QuartzSiO2
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
O Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
O Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CupriteCu2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O UraniniteUO2
O Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O RutileTiO2
O TridymiteSiO2
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
O MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O NiterKNO3
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
O Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
O Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
O IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Na Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Na Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Mg Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Mg MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
AlAluminium
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Al Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Al Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Si Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Si Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Si Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Si Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Si IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
P WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
SSulfur
S LuzoniteCu3AsS4
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
S StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S SphaleriteZnS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S MarcasiteFeS2
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BaryteBaSO4
S GalenaPbS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S TroiliteFeS
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S CinnabarHgS
S StibniteSb2S3
S FamatiniteCu3SbS4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S DigeniteCu9S5
S IdaiteCu5FeS6
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AniliteCu7S4
S SulphurS8
S TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S StephaniteAg5SbS4
S Goldfieldite(Cu102)Te4S12S
S Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)S
S Unnamed (Ag Telluride Sulphide II)Ag3TeS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S UM1994-21-S:AgTeAg3TeS
S NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Cl Lawrencite(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K NiterKNO3
K Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
CaCalcium
Ca UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Ca Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Ca Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
VVanadium
V ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
V NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
CrChromium
Cr CrocoitePbCrO4
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Cr Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Cr Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Cr MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
MnManganese
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe IdaiteCu5FeS6
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Lawrencite(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Fe IronFe
Fe Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)S
CuCopper
Cu LuzoniteCu3AsS4
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
Cu StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu IdaiteCu5FeS6
Cu AniliteCu7S4
Cu TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Cu Goldfieldite(Cu102)Te4S12S
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
ZnZinc
Zn StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As LuzoniteCu3AsS4
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
As NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
SeSelenium
Se KawazuliteBi2Te2Se
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
PdPalladium
Pd Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Pd Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Pd StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
Pd KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
Pd SopcheiteAg4Pd3Te4
Pd Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)S
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
Ag Electrum(Au,Ag)
Ag PetziteAg3AuTe2
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag StephaniteAg5SbS4
Ag SopcheiteAg4Pd3Te4
Ag Unnamed (Ag Telluride Sulphide II)Ag3TeS
Ag UM1994-21-S:AgTeAg3TeS
Ag StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
SnTin
Sn StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Sn NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb StephaniteAg5SbS4
Sb StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
Sb NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
TeTellurium
Te PetziteAg3AuTe2
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Te CalaveriteAuTe2
Te AltaitePbTe
Te ColoradoiteHgTe
Te Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Te Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Te Goldfieldite(Cu102)Te4S12S
Te KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
Te SopcheiteAg4Pd3Te4
Te Unnamed (Ag Telluride Sulphide II)Ag3TeS
Te UM1994-21-S:AgTeAg3TeS
Te KawazuliteBi2Te2Se
Te StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Te TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
Te TelluriumTe
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PtPlatinum
Pt PlatinumPt
Pt Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au,Ag)
Au PetziteAg3AuTe2
Au Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Au CalaveriteAuTe2
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg ColoradoiteHgTe
PbLead
Pb CrocoitePbCrO4
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AltaitePbTe
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Bi KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
Bi KawazuliteBi2Te2Se
Bi TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2
U Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Pleistocene : 1.56 ± 0.29 Ma to 1.17 ± 0.16 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded on mindat.org for this locality and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Cenozoic
  Quaternary
   Pleistocene
ⓘ Alunite (youngest age)1.17 ± 0.16 MaLepanto Mine, Mancayan mineral district (Mankayan), Benguet Province, Cordillera Administrative Region, Luzon, Philippines
ⓘ Illite (youngest age)1.22 ± 0.06 MaFar Southeast Cu-Au deposit, Bato Tabio, Mancayan mineral district (Mankayan), Benguet Province, Cordillera Administrative Region, Luzon, Philippines
ⓘ Biotite (youngest age)1.34 ± 0.05 MaFar Southeast Cu-Au deposit, Bato Tabio, Mancayan mineral district (Mankayan), Benguet Province, Cordillera Administrative Region, Luzon, Philippines
ⓘ Illite (oldest age)1.37 ± 0.05 MaFar Southeast Cu-Au deposit, Bato Tabio, Mancayan mineral district (Mankayan), Benguet Province, Cordillera Administrative Region, Luzon, Philippines
ⓘ Biotite (oldest age)1.45 ± 0.04 MaFar Southeast Cu-Au deposit, Bato Tabio, Mancayan mineral district (Mankayan), Benguet Province, Cordillera Administrative Region, Luzon, Philippines
ⓘ Alunite (oldest age)1.56 ± 0.29 MaLepanto Mine, Mancayan mineral district (Mankayan), Benguet Province, Cordillera Administrative Region, Luzon, Philippines

Fossils

There are 24 fossil localities from the PaleoBioDB database within this region.

BETA TEST - These data are provided on an experimental basis and are taken from external databases. Mindat.org has no control currently over the accuracy of these data.

Occurrences847
Youngest Fossil Listed0.01 Ma (Pleistocene)
Oldest Fossil Listed272 Ma (Permian)
Stratigraphic UnitsClick here to view 13 stratigraphic units.
Fossils from RegionClick here to show the list.
Accepted NameHierarchy Age
Spumellaria
order
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Angulobracchia
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Angulobracchiidae : Angulobracchia164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Betraccium
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Pantanelliidae : Betraccium208.5 - 189.6 Ma
Mesozoic
Cantalum
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Pantanelliidae : Cantalum208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Capnodoce
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Pantanelliidae : Capnodoce221.5 - 215.56 Ma
Late Triassic
Crucella
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Hagiastridae : Crucella208.5 - 189.6 Ma
Mesozoic
Gorgansium
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Pantanelliidae : Gorgansium196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Heliosaturnalis
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Saturnalidae : Heliosaturnalis196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Homoeoparonaella
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Patulibracchiidae : Homoeoparonaella196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Icrioma
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Hexaporobrachiidae : Icrioma208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Orbiculiforma
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Orbiculiformidae : Orbiculiforma164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Pantanellium
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Pantanelliidae : Pantanellium152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Phaseliforma
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Phaseliformidae : Phaseliforma164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Praeconocaryomma
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Praeconocaryommidae : Praeconocaryomma196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Protovallupus
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Pantanelliidae : Protovallupus152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Pseudoheliodiscus
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Saturnalidae : Pseudoheliodiscus208.5 - 189.6 Ma
Mesozoic
Sarla
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Capnuchosphaeridae : Sarla221.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Triactoma
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Xiphostylidae : Triactoma164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Nassellaria
order
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria196.5 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Acanthocircus
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Saturnalidae : Acanthocircus208.5 - 189.6 Ma
Mesozoic
Canoptum
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Parvicingulidae : Canoptum208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Cornutella
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Theoperidae : Cornutella152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Corum
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Pseudodictyomitridae : Corum221.5 - 215.56 Ma
Late Triassic
Dicolocapsa
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Syringocapsidae : Dicolocapsa164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Droltus
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Bagotidae : Droltus196.5 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Eucyrtidiellum
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Eucyrtidiellidae : Eucyrtidiellum164.7 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Farcus
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Farcidae : Farcus196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Hsuum
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Hsuidae : Hsuum196.5 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Katroma
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Syringocapsidae : Katroma208.5 - 189.6 Ma
Mesozoic
Lantus
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Eucyrtidiidae : Lantus196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Napora
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Ultranaporidae : Napora196.5 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Obesacapsula
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Spongocapsulidae : Obesacapsula164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Pachus
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Pseudodictyomitridae : Pachus221.5 - 215.56 Ma
Late Triassic
Parahsuum
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Hsuidae : Parahsuum196.5 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Podocapsa
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Syringocapsidae : Podocapsa196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Poulpus
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Poulpidae : Poulpus208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Saitoum
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Poulpidae : Saitoum196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Stichocapsa
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Eucyrtidiidae : Stichocapsa196.5 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Stichomitra
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Eucyrtidiidae : Stichomitra152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Syringocapsa
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Syringocapsidae : Syringocapsa152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Tricolocapsa
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Tricolocapsa164.7 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Williriedellum
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Williriedellidae : Williriedellum164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Xitus
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Xitidae : Xitus164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Zhamoidellum
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Williriedellidae : Zhamoidellum196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Bullopora
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Lagenida : Polymorphinidae : Bullopora208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Calcarina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Calcarinidae : Calcarina0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Globigerinoides
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Globigerinidae : Globigerinoides1.806 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Globorotalia
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Globorotaliidae : Globorotalia1.806 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Globoturborotalita
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Globigerinidae : Globoturborotalita1.806 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Pharetronida
order
Animalia : Porifera : Calcarea : Pharetronida208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Heliopora
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Helioporacea : Helioporidae : Heliopora0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Acropora
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Acropora0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Favites
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Merulinidae : Favites0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Fungia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Fungiidae : Fungia5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Goniastrea
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Merulinidae : Goniastrea5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Platygyra
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Merulinidae : Platygyra0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Pocillopora
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Pocilloporidae : Pocillopora0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Porites
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Poritidae : Porites0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Retiophyllia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Reimaniphylliidae : Retiophyllia208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Stylophyllopsis
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylophyllidae : Stylophyllopsis208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Dentalium
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Scaphopoda : Dentaliida : Dentaliidae : Dentalium11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Fissidentalium
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Scaphopoda : Dentaliida : Dentaliidae : Fissidentalium11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Emarginula
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Lepetellida : Fissurellidae : Emarginula11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Smaragdia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cycloneritida : Neritidae : Smaragdia5.333 - 3.6 Ma
Neogene
Turbo
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochida : Turbinidae : Turbo11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Umbonium
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochida : Trochidae : Umbonium5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Cerithium
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cerithiidae : Cerithium11.608 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Clypeomorus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cerithiidae : Clypeomorus5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Cymatium
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Cymatiidae : Cymatium11.608 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Distorsio
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Ranellidae : Distorsio5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Epitonium
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Epitoniidae : Epitonium5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Gyrineum
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Cymatiidae : Gyrineum5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Natica
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Natica5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Polinices
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Polinices5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Rhinoclavus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cerithiadae : Rhinoclavus5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Strombus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Strombidae : Strombus11.608 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Tibia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Rostellariidae : Tibia5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Nassarius (Alectrion)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Nassariidae : Nassarius : Nassarius (Alectrion)5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Nassarius (Arcularia)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Nassariidae : Nassarius : Nassarius (Arcularia)5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Cancellaria
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Cancellariidae : Cancellaria5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Chicoreus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Muricidae : Chicoreus11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Compsodrillia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Pseudomelatomidae : Compsodrillia5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Conus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Conidae : Conus11.608 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Crassispira
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Pseudomelatomidae : Crassispira5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Nassa (Hebra)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Buccinidae : Nassa : Nassa (Hebra)5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Inquisitor
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Pseudomelatomidae : Inquisitor11.608 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Marginella
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Marginellidae : Marginella5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Mitra
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Mitridae : Mitra11.608 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Nassarius
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Nassariidae : Nassarius11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Parametaria
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Columbellidae : Parametaria5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Pyrene
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Columbellidae : Pyrene11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Terebra
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Terebridae : Terebra5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Turricula
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Clavatulidae : Turricula5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Turris
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Turridae : Turris5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Vexillum
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Costellariidae : Vexillum11.608 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Volema
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Melongenidae : Volema5.333 - 3.6 Ma
Neogene
Pyramidella
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Pyramidellidae : Pyramidella11.608 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Paronaella
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Angulobracchiidae : Paronaella208.5 - 145 Ma
Mesozoic
Yoldia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Nuculanida : Yoldiidae : Yoldia5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Anadara
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Arcida : Arcidae : Anadara5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Arca
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Arcida : Arcidae : Arca11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Striarca
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Arcida : Noetiidae : Striarca11.608 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Pterioida
order
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pterioida221.5 - 215.56 Ma
Late Triassic
Amusium
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pectinida : Pectinidae : Amusium5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Chlamys
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pectinida : Pectinidae : Chlamys11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Ostrea
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Ostreida : Ostreidae : Ostrea11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Placuna
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pectinida : Placunidae : Placuna11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Acanthocardia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Cardiida : Cardiidae : Acanthocardia11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Chama
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Venerida : Chamidae : Chama11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Circe
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Venerida : Veneridae : Circe11.608 - 3.6 Ma
Neogene
Cycladicama
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Venerida : Ungulinidae : Cycladicama5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Dosinia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Venerida : Veneridae : Dosinia11.608 - 3.6 Ma
Neogene
Florimetis
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Cardiida : Tellinidae : Leporimetis11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Glyptoactis
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Carditida : Carditidae : Glyptoactis11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Lucinoma
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Lucinida : Lucinidae : Lucinoma11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Macrosolen
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Cardiida : Psammobiidae : Macrosolen11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Merisca
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Cardiida : Tellinidae : Merisca11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Nemocardium
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Cardiida : Cardiidae : Nemocardium11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Paphia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Venerida : Veneridae : Paphia5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Pitar
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Venerida : Veneridae : Pitar11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Placamen
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Venerida : Veneridae : Placamen5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Scutarcopagia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Cardiida : Tellinidae : Scutarcopagia11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Solecurtus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Cardiida : Solecurtidae : Solecurtus11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Tapes
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Venerida : Veneridae : Tapes11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Veremolpa
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Cardiida : Veremolpa11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Corbula
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Myida : Corbulidae : Corbula5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Epigondolella
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Conodonta : Ozarkodinida : Gondolellidae : Epigondolella221.5 - 215.56 Ma
Late Triassic
Mammalia
class
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Bufo
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Osteichthyes : Anura : Bufonidae : Bufo0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Microhylidae
family
Animalia : Chordata : Osteichthyes : Anura : Microhylidae0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Rana
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Osteichthyes : Anura : Ranidae : Rana0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Lacertilia
suborder
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Squamata : Lacertilia0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Gekkonidae
family
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Squamata : Gekkonidae0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Gekko
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Squamata : Gekkonidae : Gekko0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Scincidae
family
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Squamata : Scincidae0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Serpentes
unranked clade
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Squamata : Serpentes0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Colubridae
family
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Squamata : Colubridae0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Elapidae
family
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Squamata : Elapidae0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Otus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Strigiformes : Strigidae : Otus0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Passeriformes
order
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Passeriformes0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Crocidura
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Soricomorpha : Soricidae : Crocidura0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Chiroptera
order
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Chiroptera0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Pteropodidae
family
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Chiroptera : Pteropodidae0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Rhinolophidae
family
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Chiroptera : Rhinolophidae0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Rhinolophus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Chiroptera : Rhinolophidae : Rhinolophus0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Hipposideros
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Chiroptera : Hipposideridae : Hipposideros0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Vespertilionidae
family
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Chiroptera : Vespertilionidae0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Rodentia
order
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Sciuridae
family
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Sciuridae0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Muridae
family
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Muridae0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Rattus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Muridae : Rattus0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Hystrix
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Hystricidae : Hystrix0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Sus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Artiodactyla : Suidae : Sus2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Cervus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Artiodactyla : Cervidae : Cervus2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Antilope
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Artiodactyla : Bovidae : Antilope2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Bubalus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Artiodactyla : Bovidae : Bubalus2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Stegodon
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Proboscidea : Stegodontidae : Stegodon2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Hylopetes
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Sciuridae : Hylopetes0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Faviidae
family
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Faviidae0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Solenoporaceae
family
Plantae : Rhodophyta : Rhodophyceae : Solenoporaceae208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Acropora digitifera
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Acroporidae : Acropora : Acropora digitifera0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Anadara (Anadara) antiquata
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Arcida : Arcidae : Anadara : Anadara (Anadara) antiquata11.608 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Architectonica perspectiva
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Architectonicidae : Architectonica : Architectonica perspectiva5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Clementia (Clementia) papyracea
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Veneroidei : Veneridae : Clementia : Clementia (Clementia) papyracea11.608 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Conus (Dendroconus) figulinus
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Conidae : Conus : Conus (Dendroconus) figulinus5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Placuna (Ephippium)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pectinida : Placunidae : Placuna : Placuna (Ephippium)5.333 - 3.6 Ma
Neogene
Lophiotoma
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Turridae : Lophiotoma5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Natica gualteriana
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Notocochlis : Notocochlis gualtieriana5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Placamen calophylla
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Veneroidei : Veneridae : Placamen : Placamen calophylla11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Polinices albus
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Polinices : Polinices mammilla11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Pupa sulcata
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Stylommatophora : Pupillidae : Pupa : Pupa sulcata5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Rhinoclavis
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cerithiidae : Rhinoclavis5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Laevistrombus canarium
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Strombidae : Strombus : Laevistrombus canarium5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Arcopaginula inflata
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Cardiida : Tellinidae : Arcopaginula : Arcopaginula inflata11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Vexillum amanda
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Costellariidae : Vexillum : Vexillum amanda5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Pseudoeucyrtis
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Eucyrtidiidae : Pseudoeucyrtis196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Archaeocenosphaera
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Xiphostylidae : Archaeocenosphaera164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Mita
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Archaeodictyomitridae : Mita152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Windalia
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Windalia152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Loopus
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Pseudodictyomitridae : Loopus152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Tethysetta
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Parvicingulidae : Tethysetta164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Praeconosphaera
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Parvivaccidae : Praeconosphaera164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Archaeospongoprunum
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Archaeospongoprunidae : Archaeospongoprunum164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Spongiomma
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Spongiomma152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Hagiastridae
family
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Hagiastridae208.5 - 189.6 Ma
Mesozoic
Wrangellium okamurai
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Parvicingulidae : Wrangellium : Wrangellium okamurai152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Leugeo
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Parvivaccidae : Leugeo164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Kilinora spiralis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Sethocapsidae : Kilinora : Kilinora spiralis164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Guexella
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Eucyrtidiidae : Guexella164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Acastea diaphorogona
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Parvivaccidae : Acastea : Acastea diaphorogona152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Bipedis
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Ultranaporidae : Bipedis196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Saturnalidae
family
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Saturnalidae196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Palaeosaturnalis
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Saturnalidae : Palaeosaturnalis196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Diceratigalea
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Hilarisiregidae : Diceratigalea196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Praemesosaturnalis
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Saturnalidae : Praemesosaturnalis196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Stauracanthocircus
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Saturnalidae : Stauracanthocircus196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Amuria
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Xiphostylidae : Amuria196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Thurstonia
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Angulobracchiidae : Thurstonia196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Haeckelicyrtium
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Deflandrecyrtiidae : Haeckelicyrtium208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Capnuchosphaeridae
family
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Capnuchosphaeridae208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Pocillopora eydouxi
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Pocilloporidae : Pocillopora : Pocillopora grandis0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Nabolella
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Nabolellidae : Nabolella208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Mictyoditra decora
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Archaeodictyomitridae : Mictyoditra : Mictyoditra decora164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Architectonica (Architectonica) maxima
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Architectonicidae : Architectonica : Architectonica (Architectonica) maxima5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Sundasciurus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Sciuridae : Sundasciurus0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Anadara (Tegillarca) nodifera
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Arcida : Arcidae : Anadara : Anadara (Tegillarca) nodifera11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Anura
order
Animalia : Chordata : Osteichthyes : Anura0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Anadara (Tegillarca) granosa
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Arcida : Arcidae : Anadara : Anadara (Tegillarca) granosa5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Trisidos semitorta
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Arcida : Arcidae : Trisidos : Trisidos semitorta11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Anadara (Anadara) biformis
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Arcida : Arcidae : Anadara : Anadara (Anadara) biformis5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Lioconcha (Sulcilioconcha) philippinarum
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Veneroidei : Veneridae : Lioconcha : Lioconcha (Sulcilioconcha) philippinarum11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Aloidis scaphoides
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pholadida : Corbulidae : Corbula : Aloidis scaphoides5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Corbula (Notocorbula) fortisulcata
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pholadida : Corbulidae : Corbula : Corbula (Notocorbula) fortisulcata11.608 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Cynopterus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Chiroptera : Pteropodidae : Cynopterus0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Megaderma spasma
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Chiroptera : Megadermatidae : Megaderma : Megaderma spasma0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Gemmula
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Turridae : Gemmula5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Varicospira cancellata
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Rostellariidae : Varicospira : Varicospira cancellata11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Melongena gigas
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Melongenidae : Melongena : Melongena gigas5.333 - 3.6 Ma
Neogene
Natica vitellus
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Naticidae : Natica : Natica vitellus11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Hsuum amabile
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Hsuidae : Hsuum : Hsuum amabile164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Hsuum maxwelli
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Hsuidae : Hsuum : Hsuum maxwelli164.7 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Protunuma ochiensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Unumidae : Protunuma : Protunuma ochiensis164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Cinguloturris carpatica
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Canoptidae : Cinguloturris : Cinguloturris carpatica164.7 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Pseudoristola tsunoensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Parvicingulidae : Pseudoristola : Pseudoristola tsunoensis164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Guexella nudata
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Eucyrtidiidae : Guexella : Guexella nudata164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Solenotryma ichikawai
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Eucyrtidiidae : Solenotryma : Solenotryma ichikawai152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Stichocapsa robusta
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Eucyrtidiidae : Stichocapsa : Stichocapsa robusta164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Kilinora tecta
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Sethocapsidae : Kilinora : Kilinora tecta164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Striatojaponocapsa plicarum
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Williriedellidae : Striatojaponocapsa : Striatojaponocapsa plicarum164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Striatojaponocapsa conexa
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Williriedellidae : Striatojaponocapsa : Striatojaponocapsa conexa164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Oliva (Oliva) oliva
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Olividae : Oliva : Oliva (Oliva) oliva5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Nautilus pompilius
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Nautilida : Nautilidae : Nautilus : Nautilus pompilius1.806 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Conus (Lithoconus) djarianensis
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Conidae : Conus : Conus (Lithoconus) djarianensis11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Melongena galeodes
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Melongenidae : Melongena : Melongena galeodes11.608 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Murex (Acupurpura) verbeeki
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Muricidae : Murex : Murex (Acupurpura) verbeeki11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Cerithidea (Cerithideopsilla) jenkinsi
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Sorbeoconcha : Potamididae : Cerithidea : Cerithidea (Cerithideopsilla) jenkinsi5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Neritilia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cycloneritida : Neritiliidae : Neritilia11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Unuma gordus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Unumidae : Unuma : Unuma gordus164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Eunaticina papilla
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Naticidae : Eunaticina : Eunaticina papilla11.608 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Telescopium telescopium
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Sorbeoconcha : Potamididae : Telescopium : Telescopium telescopium11.608 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Clava (Proclava) jonkeri
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Sorbeoconcha : Cerithiidae : Rhinoclavis : Clava (Proclava) jonkeri5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Waagenophyllum (Waagenophyllum)
subgenus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Stauriida : Waagenophyllidae : Waagenophyllum : Waagenophyllum (Waagenophyllum)272.3 - 268.8 Ma
Permian
Conus (Lithoconus) hardi
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Conidae : Conus : Conus (Lithoconus) hardi11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Loopus primitivus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Pseudodictyomitridae : Loopus : Loopus primitivus152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Turdidae
family
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Passeriformes : Turdidae0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Sus barbatus
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Artiodactyla : Suidae : Sus : Sus barbatus0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Notocyathus conicus
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Caryophylliidae : Notocyathus : Notocyathus conicus5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Balanophyllia gigas
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Dendrophylliidae : Balanophyllia : Balanophyllia gigas5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Polinices (Polinices) aurantius
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Naticidae : Polinices : Polinices (Polinices) aurantius5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Brachycera
suborder
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Diptera : Brachycera5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Gosaukammerella
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Strophomenida : Strophomenidae : Gosaukammerella208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Favites abdita
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Merulinidae : Favites : Favites abdita0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Porites lobata
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Poritidae : Porites : Porites lobata0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Acanthocyathus grayi
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Caryophylliidae : Caryophyllia : Acanthocyathus grayi5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Heterocyathus aequicostatus
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Caryophylliidae : Heterocyathus : Heterocyathus aequicostatus5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Aonyx cinerea
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Carnivora : Mustelidae : Aonyx : Aonyx cinerea0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Trochocyathus hanzawai
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Caryophylliidae : Trochocyathus : Trochocyathus hanzawai5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Anthemiphyllia dentata
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Anthemiphylliidae : Anthemiphyllia : Anthemiphyllia dentata5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Heteropsammia michelini
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Dendrophylliidae : Heteropsammia : Heteropsammia michelini5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Flabellum transversale
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Flabellidae : Flabellum : Flabellum transversale5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Sylviidae
family
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Passeriformes : Sylviidae0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Acaeniotyle umbilicata
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Parvivaccidae : Acaeniotyle : Acaeniotyle umbilicata152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Chiropodomys
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Muridae : Chiropodomys0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Acanthocircus simplex
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Entactinaria : Saturnalidae : Acanthocircus : Acanthocircus simplex196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Acastea minispinea
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Parvivaccidae : Acastea : Acastea minispinea152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Angulobracchia portmanni
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Angulobracchiidae : Angulobracchia : Angulobracchia portmanni152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Angulobracchia rugosa
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Angulobracchiidae : Angulobracchia : Angulobracchia rugosa152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Archaeospongoprunum cortinaensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Archaeospongoprunidae : Archaeospongoprunum : Archaeospongoprunum cortinaensis152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Archaeospongoprunum klingi
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Archaeospongoprunidae : Archaeospongoprunum : Archaeospongoprunum klingi152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Crucella theokaftensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Hagiastridae : Crucella : Crucella theokaftensis164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Deviatus diamphidius
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Angulobracchiidae : Deviatus : Deviatus diamphidius152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Deviatus hipposidericus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Angulobracchiidae : Deviatus : Deviatus hipposidericus152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Emiluvia chica
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Emiluviidae : Emiluvia : Emiluvia chica152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Emiluvia pessagnoi
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Emiluviidae : Emiluvia : Emiluvia pessagnoi152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Emiluvia salensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Emiluviidae : Emiluvia : Emiluvia salensis152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Emiluvia sedecimporata
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Emiluviidae : Emiluvia : Emiluvia sedecimporata152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Godia tuberculata
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Pseudoaulophacidae : Godia : Godia tuberculata152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Haliodictya hojnosi
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Spongodiscidae : Haliodictya : Haliodictya hojnosi164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Homoeoparonaella elegans
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Patulibracchiidae : Homoeoparonaella : Homoeoparonaella elegans152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Mesovallupus limbus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Pantanelliidae : Mesovallupus : Mesovallupus limbus152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Mesovallupus nawalpa
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Pantanelliidae : Mesovallupus : Mesovallupus nawalpa152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Pantanellium bangaense
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Pantanelliidae : Pantanellium : Pantanellium bangaense152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Pantanellium coronense
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Pantanelliidae : Pantanellium : Pantanellium coronense152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Paronaella mulleri
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Angulobracchiidae : Paronaella : Paronaella mulleri152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Praeconocaryomma jiangzeensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Praeconocaryommidae : Praeconocaryomma : Praeconocaryomma jiangzeensis152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Praeconosphaera antiqua
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Parvivaccidae : Praeconosphaera : Praeconosphaera antiqua152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Praeconosphaera tuberosa
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Parvivaccidae : Praeconosphaera : Praeconosphaera tuberosa152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Protovallupus busuangaensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Pantanelliidae : Protovallupus : Protovallupus busuangaensis152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Protovallupus directus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Pantanelliidae : Protovallupus : Protovallupus directus152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Protovallupus firmus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Pantanelliidae : Protovallupus : Protovallupus firmus152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Protovallupus yangi
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Pantanelliidae : Protovallupus : Protovallupus yangi152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Pseudocrucella sanfilippoae
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Hagiastridae : Pseudocrucella : Pseudocrucella sanfilippoae152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Spongostaurus compactus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Orbiculiformidae : Spongostaurus : Spongostaurus compactus152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Suna echiodes
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Xiphostylidae : Suna : Suna echiodes152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Tetratrabs zealis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Hagiastridae : Tetratrabs : Tetratrabs zealis152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Triactoma blakei
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Xiphostylidae : Triactoma : Triactoma blakei152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Triactoma kellumi
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Xiphostylidae : Triactoma : Triactoma kellumi152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Tritrabs casmaliaensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Tritrabidae : Tritrabs : Tritrabs casmaliaensis152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Tritrabs ewingi
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Tritrabidae : Tritrabs : Tritrabs ewingi152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Tritrabs rhododactylus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Tritrabidae : Tritrabs : Tritrabs rhododactylus152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Amphipyndax obesa
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Amphipyndacidae : Amphipyndax : Amphipyndax obesa152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Archaeodictyomitra apiarium
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Archaeodictyomitridae : Archaeodictyomitra : Archaeodictyomitra apiarium164.7 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Archaeodictyomitra excellens
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Archaeodictyomitridae : Archaeodictyomitra : Archaeodictyomitra excellens152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Archaeodictyomitra minoensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Archaeodictyomitridae : Archaeodictyomitra : Archaeodictyomitra minoensis152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Archaeodictyomitra rigida
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Archaeodictyomitridae : Archaeodictyomitra : Archaeodictyomitra rigida152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Archaeodictyomitra sixi
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Archaeodictyomitridae : Archaeodictyomitra : Archaeodictyomitra sixi152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Archaeodictyomitra suzukii
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Archaeodictyomitridae : Archaeodictyomitra : Archaeodictyomitra suzukii164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Complexapora tirolica
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Williriedellidae : Zhamoidellum : Complexapora tirolica152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Eucyrtidiellum gujoense
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Eucyrtidiellidae : Eucyrtidiellum : Eucyrtidiellum gujoense152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Eucyrtidiellum ptyctum
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Eucyrtidiellidae : Eucyrtidiellum : Eucyrtidiellum ptyctum164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Eucyrtidiellum unumaense
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Eucyrtidiellidae : Eucyrtidiellum : Eucyrtidiellum unumaense164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Gongylothorax favosus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Sethocapsidae : Gongylothorax : Gongylothorax favosus164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Hsuum cuestaense
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Hsuidae : Hsuum : Hsuum cuestaense164.7 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Hsuum mclaughlini
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Hsuidae : Hsuum : Hsuum mclaughlini152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Pseudodictyomitra nuda
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Pseudodictyomitridae : Pseudodictyomitra : Pseudodictyomitra nuda152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Mirifusus mediodilatatus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Parvicingulidae : Mirifusus : Mirifusus mediodilatatus152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Napora bukryi
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Ultranaporidae : Napora : Napora bukryi152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Napora latissima
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Ultranaporidae : Napora : Napora latissima152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Napora pyramidalis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Ultranaporidae : Napora : Napora pyramidalis152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Obesacapsula rotunda
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Spongocapsulidae : Obesacapsula : Obesacapsula rotunda152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Parahsuum carpathicum
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Hsuidae : Parahsuum : Parahsuum carpathicum152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Parvicingula dhimenaensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Parvicingulidae : Parvicingula : Parvicingula dhimenaensis152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Parvicingula mashitaensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Parvicingulidae : Parvicingula : Parvicingula mashitaensis152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Praeparvicingula vacaensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Parvicingulidae : Praeparvicingula : Praeparvicingula vacaensis152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Protunuma japonicus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Unumidae : Protunuma : Protunuma japonicus164.7 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Sethocapsa cometa
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Sethocapsidae : Sethocapsa : Sethocapsa cometa152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Hiscocapsa funatoensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Williriedellidae : Hiscocapsa : Hiscocapsa funatoensis164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Sethocapsa zinckeni
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Sethocapsidae : Sethocapsa : Sethocapsa zinckeni152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Spongocapsula dumitricai
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Spongocapsulidae : Spongocapsula : Spongocapsula dumitricai152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Spongocapsula perampla
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Spongocapsulidae : Spongocapsula : Spongocapsula perampla152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Stichomitra takanoensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Eucyrtidiidae : Stichomitra : Stichomitra takanoensis164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Thanarla brouweri
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Archaeodictyomitridae : Thanarla : Thanarla brouweri152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Theocorys pulchella
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Theocorys : Theocorys pulchella152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Williriedellum crystallinum
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Williriedellidae : Williriedellum : Williriedellum crystallinum152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Windalia epiplatys
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Windalia : Windalia epiplatys152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Dictyomitrella kamoensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Parvicingulidae : Dictyomitrella : Dictyomitrella kamoensis164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Wrangellium puga
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Parvicingulidae : Wrangellium : Wrangellium puga152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Xitus alievi
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Xitidae : Xitus : Xitus alievi152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Xitus gifuensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Xitidae : Xitus : Xitus gifuensis152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Zhamoidellum ornatum
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Williriedellidae : Zhamoidellum : Zhamoidellum ornatum152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Zhamoidellum ovum
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Williriedellidae : Zhamoidellum : Zhamoidellum ovum152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Zhamoidellum ventricosum
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Williriedellidae : Zhamoidellum : Zhamoidellum ventricosum164.7 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Zhamoidellum mikamense
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Williriedellidae : Zhamoidellum : Zhamoidellum mikamense164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Pantanellium ultrasincerum
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Pantanelliidae : Pantanellium : Pantanellium ultrasincerum208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Trillus elkhornensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Pantanelliidae : Trillus : Trillus elkhornensis196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Hsuum brevicostatum
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Hsuidae : Hsuum : Hsuum brevicostatum164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Katroma pinquitudo
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Syringocapsidae : Katroma : Katroma pinquitudo196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Canelonus conus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Canelonus : Canelonus conus164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Pantanellium browni
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Pantanelliidae : Pantanellium : Pantanellium browni196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Pantanellium kungaense
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Pantanelliidae : Pantanellium : Pantanellium kungaense196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Pantanellium skedansense
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Pantanelliidae : Pantanellium : Pantanellium skedansense196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Crucella hettangica
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Hagiastridae : Crucella : Crucella hettangica196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Paronaella ravenensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Angulobracchiidae : Paronaella : Paronaella ravenensis196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Palaeosaturnalis liassicus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Entactinaria : Saturnalidae : Palaeosaturnalis : Palaeosaturnalis liassicus196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Praehexasaturnalis tetraradiatus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Entactinaria : Saturnalidae : Praehexasaturnalis : Praehexasaturnalis tetraradiatus196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Praehexasaturnalis poultoni
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Entactinaria : Saturnalidae : Praehexasaturnalis : Praehexasaturnalis poultoni196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Pseudoheliodiscus yaoi
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Entactinaria : Saturnalidae : Pseudoheliodiscus : Pseudoheliodiscus yaoi196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Praeorbiculiformella robusta
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Veghicycliidae : Praeorbiculiformella : Praeorbiculiformella robusta196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Parahsuum simplum
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Hsuidae : Parahsuum : Parahsuum simplum196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Katroma irvingi
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Syringocapsidae : Katroma : Katroma irvingi196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Katroma westermanni
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Syringocapsidae : Katroma : Katroma westermanni196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Protokatroma aquila
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Eucyrtidiidae : Pseudoeucyrtis : Protokatroma aquila196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Pseudoeucyrtis angusta
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Eucyrtidiidae : Pseudoeucyrtis : Pseudoeucyrtis angusta196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Anaticapitula anatiformis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Ultranaporidae : Anaticapitula : Anaticapitula anatiformis196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Bipedis diadema
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Ultranaporidae : Bipedis : Bipedis diadema196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Bipedis hannai
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Ultranaporidae : Bipedis : Bipedis hannai196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Bipedis helenae
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Ultranaporidae : Bipedis : Bipedis helenae196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Bipedis hiberniaensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Ultranaporidae : Bipedis : Bipedis hiberniaensis196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Bipedis patricki
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Ultranaporidae : Bipedis : Bipedis patricki196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Bipedis rotundus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Ultranaporidae : Bipedis : Bipedis rotundus196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Rhinoceros philippinensis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Perissodactyla : Rhinocerotidae : Rhinoceros : Rhinoceros philippinensis2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Stegodon luzonensis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Proboscidea : Stegodontidae : Stegodon : Stegodon luzonensis2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Pseudoheliodiscus decilobum
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Entactinaria : Saturnalidae : Pseudoheliodiscus : Pseudoheliodiscus decilobum208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Pseudoheliodiscus huxleyensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Entactinaria : Saturnalidae : Pseudoheliodiscus : Pseudoheliodiscus huxleyensis208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Kozurastrum sandspitense
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Entactinaria : Saturnalidae : Hexasaturnalis : Kozurastrum sandspitense208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Betraccium deweveri
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Pantanelliidae : Betraccium : Betraccium deweveri208.5 - 189.6 Ma
Mesozoic
Pantanellium newkluense
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Pantanelliidae : Pantanellium : Pantanellium newkluense208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Serilla tledoensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Angulobracchiidae : Serilla : Serilla tledoensis208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Eptingium amoenum
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Entactinaria : Eptingiidae : Eptingium : Eptingium amoenum208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Haeckelicyrtium karcharos
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Deflandrecyrtiidae : Haeckelicyrtium : Haeckelicyrtium karcharos208.5 - 189.6 Ma
Mesozoic
Citriduma asteroides
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Livarellidae : Citriduma : Citriduma asteroides208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Nabolella trispinosa
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Nabolellidae : Nabolella : Nabolella trispinosa208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Canoptum triassicum
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Parvicingulidae : Canoptum : Canoptum triassicum208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Livarella densiporata
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Livarellidae : Livarella : Livarella densiporata208.5 - 189.6 Ma
Mesozoic
Livarella gifuensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Livarellidae : Livarella : Livarella gifuensis208.5 - 189.6 Ma
Mesozoic
Icrioma tetrancistrum
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Hexaporobrachiidae : Icrioma : Icrioma tetrancistrum208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Dicapnuchosphaera
genus
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Capnuchosphaeridae : Dicapnuchosphaera221.5 - 215.56 Ma
Late Triassic
Capnodoce ruesti
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Pantanelliidae : Capnodoce : Capnodoce ruesti221.5 - 215.56 Ma
Late Triassic
Trialatus robustus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Ultranaporidae : Trialatus : Trialatus robustus221.5 - 215.56 Ma
Late Triassic
Pseudoheliodiscus nevianii
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Entactinaria : Saturnalidae : Pseudoheliodiscus : Pseudoheliodiscus nevianii196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Palaeosaturnalis lenggriesensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Entactinaria : Saturnalidae : Palaeosaturnalis : Palaeosaturnalis lenggriesensis196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Palaeosaturnalis schaafi
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Entactinaria : Saturnalidae : Palaeosaturnalis : Palaeosaturnalis schaafi196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Stauracanthocircus pessagnoi
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Entactinaria : Saturnalidae : Stauracanthocircus : Stauracanthocircus pessagnoi196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Droltus eurasiaticus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Bagotidae : Droltus : Droltus eurasiaticus196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Betraccium chengi
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Pantanelliidae : Betraccium : Betraccium chengi208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Ferresium philippinense
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Entactinaria : Eptingiidae : Ferresium : Ferresium philippinense208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Pseudoheliodiscus bifidus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Entactinaria : Saturnalidae : Pseudoheliodiscus : Pseudoheliodiscus bifidus208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Pseudoheliodiscus rugosus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Entactinaria : Saturnalidae : Pseudoheliodiscus : Pseudoheliodiscus rugosus208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Pseudoheliodiscus finchi
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Entactinaria : Saturnalidae : Pseudoheliodiscus : Pseudoheliodiscus finchi208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Paratriassoastrum parvum
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Paratriassoastrum : Paratriassoastrum parvum208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Deflandrecyrtium carterae
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Deflandrecyrtiidae : Deflandrecyrtium : Deflandrecyrtium carterae208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Haeckelicyrtium takemurai
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Deflandrecyrtiidae : Haeckelicyrtium : Haeckelicyrtium takemurai208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Katroma hullae
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Syringocapsidae : Katroma : Katroma hullae208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Bipedis triassicus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Ultranaporidae : Bipedis : Bipedis triassicus208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Parabipedis pessagnoi
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Ultranaporidae : Bipedis : Parabipedis pessagnoi208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Parahsuum mostleri
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Hsuidae : Parahsuum : Parahsuum mostleri196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Katroma bicornus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Syringocapsidae : Katroma : Katroma bicornus196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Quarticella whalenae
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Syringocapsidae : Quarticella : Quarticella whalenae196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Acanthocircus italicus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Entactinaria : Saturnalidae : Acanthocircus : Acanthocircus italicus196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Jacus coronatus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Ultranaporidae : Napora : Jacus coronatus196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Praemesosaturnalis palawanensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Entactinaria : Saturnalidae : Praemesosaturnalis : Praemesosaturnalis palawanensis196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Praewilliriedellum cephalospinosum
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Williriedellidae : Praewilliriedellum : Praewilliriedellum cephalospinosum164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Japonocampe nova
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Japonocampe : Japonocampe nova221.5 - 215.56 Ma
Late Triassic
Cayeuxia
genus
Plantae : Chlorophyta : Ulvophyceae : Bryopsidales : Halimedaceae : Cayeuxia208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Bulacanites obtusiplicatus
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Lucinida : Lucinidae : Bulacanites : Bulacanites obtusiplicatus5.333 - 3.6 Ma
Neogene
Varicospira crispata
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Rostellariidae : Varicospira : Varicospira crispata5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Acropora robusta
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Acroporidae : Acropora : Acropora robusta0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Cynarina lacrymalis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Mussidae : Cynarina : Cynarina lacrymalis5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Parahsuum vizcainoense
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Hsuidae : Parahsuum : Parahsuum vizcainoense196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Baccanella
genus
Animalia : Problematica : Baccanella208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Praeconocaryomma decora
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Praeconocaryommidae : Praeconocaryomma : Praeconocaryomma decora196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Farcus kozuri
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Farcidae : Farcus : Farcus kozuri196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Pleesus aptus
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Syringocapsidae : Pleesus : Pleesus aptus196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Poulpus lupheri
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Poulpidae : Poulpus : Poulpus lupheri196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Podocapsa abreojosensis
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Syringocapsidae : Podocapsa : Podocapsa abreojosensis196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Religa globosa
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Religa : Religa globosa196.5 - 189.6 Ma
Early Jurassic
Collocalia
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Apodiformes : Apodidae : Collocalia0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Rattus norvegicus
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Muridae : Rattus : Rattus norvegicus0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Macaca fascicularis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Primates : Cercopithecidae : Macaca : Macaca fascicularis0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Hsuum rosebudense
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Hsuidae : Hsuum : Hsuum rosebudense152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Serilla
genus
Retaria : Radiolaria : Spumellaria : Angulobracchiidae : Serilla208.5 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Reticutriton pfeifferianus
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Ranellidae : Reticutriton : Reticutriton pfeifferianus5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Reticulofenestra
genus
Chromista : Haptophyta : Prymnesiophyceae : Isochrysidales : Noelaerhabdaceae : Reticulofenestra1.806 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Cypraea (Aricia) beberkiriana
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cypraeidae : Gisortia : Cypraea (Aricia) beberkiriana11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Erosaria poraria
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cypraeidae : Erosaria : Erosaria poraria5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Motacilla
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Passeriformes : Motacillidae : Motacilla0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Zoothera dauma
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Passeriformes : Turdidae : Zoothera : Zoothera dauma0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Collocalia esculenta
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Caprimulgiformes : Apodidae : Collocalia : Collocalia esculenta0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Aerodramus salangana
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Caprimulgiformes : Apodidae : Aerodramus : Aerodramus salangana0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Hypothymis azurea
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Passeriformes : Monarchidae : Hypothymis : Hypothymis azurea0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Lanius cristatus
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Passeriformes : Laniidae : Lanius : Lanius cristatus0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Dicaeum agile aeruginosum
subspecies
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Passeriformes : Dicaeidae : Dicaeum : Dicaeum agile aeruginosum0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Zosterops montanus
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Passeriformes : Zosteropidae : Zosterops : Zosterops montanus0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Collocalia troglodytes
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Apodiformes : Apodidae : Collocalia : Collocalia troglodytes0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Bronchocela
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Squamata : Agamidae : Bronchocela0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Varanus salvator
species
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Squamata : Varanidae : Varanus : Varanus salvator0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Xenopeltis unicolor
species
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Squamata : Xenopeltidae : Xenopeltis : Xenopeltis unicolor0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Naja naja
species
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Squamata : Elapidae : Naja : Naja naja0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Podobursa triacantha
species
Retaria : Radiolaria : Nassellaria : Syringocapsidae : Podobursa : Podobursa triacantha152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Globigerinoides sacculifer
species
Foraminifera : Globigerinidae : Globigerinoides : Globigerinoides sacculifer1.806 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Fossil LocalitiesClick to show 24 fossil localities

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
David R. Cooke, Pete Hollings, and Zhaoshan Chang (2011): Philippine Porphyry and Epithermal Deposits: An Introduction. Economic Geology, 106, 1253-1256.

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

Philippine Sea PlateTectonic Plate
Sunda PlateTectonic Plate

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