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Lüderich Mine, Altenbrück, Bensberg, Overath, Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis, Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Lüderich MineMine (Abandoned)
Altenbrück- not defined -
Bensberg- not defined -
Overath- not defined -
Rheinisch-Bergischer KreisDistrict
CologneAdministrative District
North Rhine-WestphaliaState
GermanyCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 56' 17'' North , 7° 13' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Mine (Abandoned) - last checked 2019
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Overath27,203 (2015)4.7km
Rösrath26,868 (2015)5.4km
Bergisch Gladbach106,184 (2018)7.9km
Rath11,000 (2013)8.9km
Eil8,849 (2013)10.8km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Grube Lüderich, Altenbrück, Bensberg, Overath, Bergisches Land, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Deutschland


Lüderich a lead-zinc mine from the Vieille-Montagne group.

On 31 October 1978 the Lüderich lead-mine mine was closed.

Archaeological evidence shows the deposit was already worked by the Romans. Since the 18th century there was mining industry in Lüderich.

On August 20, 1852, the mine was taken over by “Société Anonyme de la Prusse-Rhénane, Saint Paul de Sinçay & Cie. (Rhein-Preußische AG)” a daughter of “Société Anonyme des Mines et Fonderies de Zinc de la Vieille Montagne”. A year later, a merger between the two of them followed and the department “Bensberg-Untereschbach der Vieille Montagne” with its headquarters in Immekeppel was established. The Lüderich concession amounted to 17.7 Mio. m3.



From 1853 to 1978, zinc and lead ore were extracted interrupted in Lüderich.
About 10 Mio. tons of raw ore was extracted, good for about 1 Mio. ton of lead and zinc metal. (half of these after the second world war). In the years of "Das Dritte Reich" (1937-1945) there was a great demand for metal. At that time they employed from 900 to 1200 workers. In normal years 500 ma. The annual production of blende was in average about 10.000 tons.
At the end of the 1920ties, the first “Rührwerks Flotation of Humboldt” was built, which was only replaced in 1970 by a more modern flotation. Around 1950 with the high metal prices as a result of the Korea war, the mine experienced golden times.
In 1977 the production of blende fell from 20.795 ton to 14.968 ton for zinc blende. (Bleiglanz from 5.170 ton to 3.695 ton). Stocks were ending.

From 1975 a large number of test drilling was done. But due to a number of political complications and trials a number of building applications, permits, were rejected. In combination with the decline of the dollar and the declining yield, they decided to close the mine. On 31 October 1978, the Lüderich mine closed after 126 years.

Located near Altenbrück, 3.5 km SE of Bensberg and about 4.5 km WNW of Overath.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


30 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Marcus Voigt Collection
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Hydroniumjarosite
Formula: (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Marcus Voigt Collection
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: SOUHEUR, L. (1894): Greenockit, Wurtzit und Smithsonit von der Grube Lüderich bei Bensberg. Z. Kristallographie, 23 (1-6): 549-550.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: SOUHEUR, L. (1894): Greenockit, Wurtzit und Smithsonit von der Grube Lüderich bei Bensberg. Z. Kristallographie, 23 (1-6): 549-550.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hydroniumjarosite7.BC.10(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Famatinite3.2.2.2Cu3SbS4
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Hydroniumjarosite-(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O CupriteCu2O
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
NaSodium
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S FamatiniteCu3SbS4
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S GreenockiteCdS
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S LuzoniteCu3AsS4
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MilleriteNiS
S PyriteFeS2
S SiegeniteCoNi2S4
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S AcanthiteAg2S
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
CoCobalt
Co SiegeniteCoNi2S4
NiNickel
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni SiegeniteCoNi2S4
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Cu CopperCu
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu LuzoniteCu3AsS4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
AsArsenic
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As LuzoniteCu3AsS4
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag SilverAg
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
SbAntimony
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
SOUHEUR, L. (1894): Greenockit, Wurtzit und Smithsonit von der Grube Lüderich bei Bensberg.- Z. Kristallographie, 23 (1-6): 549-550.
JUNGFELS, Artur (1950): Die Tektonik des Lüderichganges.- Diss. Univ. Bonn.
SCHRIEL, Walter (1953): Das Nordfeld der Blei-Zink-Erzlagerstätte Lüderich im Bergischen Land als Beispiel einer vererzten Überschiebung.- N. Jb. Mineralogie Monatshefte, 1953 (3/4) 90-94.
SCHRIEL, Walter (1954): Erzführung und Tektonik im engeren Bensberger Erzdistrikt.- N. Jb. Mineralogie Abhandlungen, 86: 275-307.
JUNGFELS, Artur (1955): Die Tektonik des Lüderich-Gangzuges im Bergischen Land.- Geol. Rundschau, 44: 422-424.
LEHMANN, Heinz, PIETZNER, H., WERNER, H. (1966): Wasserchemismus und Mineralneubildung in der Grube Lüderich.- Erzmetall, 19 (1): .
LEHMANN, Heinz (1969): Blei-Zink-Erzgrube Lüderich.- Fortschritte d. Mineralogie, 46 (1): 20.
LEHMANN, Heinz, PIETZNER, H. (1970): Der Lüderich-Gangzug und das Gangvorkommen von Nikolaus-Phönix im Bergischen Land.- Fortschritte Geologie Rheinland u. Westfalen, 17: 589-664.
LEHMANN, Heinz (1983 a): Die Blei-Zink-Grube Lüderich im Bergischen Land.- Der Aufschluss, 34 (8/9): 347-356.
LEHMANN, Heinz (1983 b): Geschichte der Erzgrube Lüderich, Bergisches Land.- Der Aufschluss, 34 (8/9): 357-364.
GECHTER, Michael (1996): Der Ringwall und der Beginn des Bergbaus auf dem Lüderich.- in: Die Hoffnungsthaler Berge.- Schriftenreihe Geschichtsverein Gemeinde Rösrath u. Umgebung, 27: 25-32.
KÖRLIN, Gabriele (2001): Römische Bleiverhüttung auf dem Lüderich im Bergischen Land.- Archäologie im Rheinland, 2000: 88-90.
KÖRLIN, Gabriele (2003): Römische Schächte auf dem Lüderich.- Archäologie im Rheinland, 2002: 105-106.
HABEN, B. (2011): Zum Tagebruch an der aufgelassenen Grube Immekeppel bei Untereschbach/ Bergisches Land. Aufschluss 62, 321-24.

External Links


Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

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