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Mowry Mine (Patagonia Mine; Enterprise Mine; Phoenix Mine), Mowry Hill, Mowry Wash, Mowry, Patagonia Mining District, Patagonia Mountains, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Mowry Mine (Patagonia Mine; Enterprise Mine; Phoenix Mine)Mine
Mowry HillHill
Mowry WashWash
Mowry- not defined -
Patagonia Mining DistrictMining District
Patagonia MountainsMountain Range
Santa Cruz Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 25' 41'' North , 110° 42' 11'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Kino Springs136 (2011)12.5km
Patagonia890 (2017)13.3km
Beyerville177 (2011)17.2km
Francisco Miguel Cárdenas Valdez (Mascareñas)541 (2014)19.1km
Santa Cruz1,038 (2018)23.9km


A former small underground Pb-Ag-Zn-Cu-Au-Mn (Be-Mo-V-Sb) mine located on 21 patented claims totalling 420 acres in the NW¼ (S½SW¼ ?) sec. 15, T.23S., R.16E. (protracted), 1.5 miles SE of American Peak, in the south base of Mowry Hill on the north side of Mowry Wash, 4 miles North of Duquesne (Washington Camp), 5 miles South of the Trench Mine, 9 miles south of Patagonia, and about 75 miles South of Tucson, at about 5,500 feet of altitude, on private land. Started before the civil war, worked in the 1850's by Mexicans. Relocated and reopened about 1857-58 by Lt. Sylvester Mowry. Produced 1864-1952. Owned at times, or in part, by Col. Titus & Brevoort (1859); Lt Sylvester Mowry bought it in 1860 for $25,000; Fish, Bennet & Co. (from June, 1875); Fish & Silverberg; Steinfeld & Swain; Mowry Mines Co.; Santa Cruz Mining & Smelting Co.; Mitchell; Stone; B. Logan; K. Peterson; T.L. Woodruff; G.M. Grant & Woodruff; F. Metler (Metter); the U.S. Mining And Smelting Co. (1967); J.W. Douglas; R.S. Ewell; J.N. Moore; Randall; Lord; Doss; H.T. Titus; Silverberg and Steinfeld (1890-1901); General Carleton (1862-1864); Mowry Mines Co. (1904-1907); A.J. Hazeltine; Fish; Stone; J. Curtis; White and Lovelace; M. Encinas; H. Miller; F.J. Gallagher; Squires; W.J. Mitchell; Standard Metals Co.; Mowry Exploration Co.; Southwest Metallurgical Industries (1955).

Mineralization is argentiferous galena and secondary minerals in tabular replacement orebodies, with ferruginous and manganiferous gangue, along a strong fault zone and associated fissures in Paleozoic limestone. The ore zone is 864.65 meters long, 6.1 meters wide, with a depth to bottom of 152.4 meters, striking N75E, dipping 80N. Deep oxidation and supergene enrichment produced high-grade lead-silver ore in the upper section. Pods and pockets of psilomelane and pyrolusite occur in fracture zones in the limestone. The ore contains little, if any, quartz and no zinc.

The mine is on an east-west fault contact between the Paleozoic limestone and the Mesozoic quartz monzonite. The fault, called the Mowry fault by Schrader & Hill, trends N.75ºE. and dips 78ºN. and seemingly is normal. The limestone occurs on the north or hanging wall side of the fault and the quartz monzonite on the south side. The limestone essentially composes the adjoining Mowry Hill, which rises about 300 feet above the mine and seems to represent the northern part of a low dome or anticline whose southern part has been cut off by the fault, for in the east slope of the hill, the rock dips 45ºNE. At the top of the hill they dip to the north and in the west slope they dip to the northwest at about the same, or slightly less angles. Along the fault they dip 45º to 70ºN., away from the contact.

At some time later than the faulting the rocks and the fault were disturbed along a fault or shear zone about 200 feet in width, which strikes N.30ºW., and stands about vertical and which, as shown on the Mowry fault at the mine, has offset the formations by a small horizontal displacement, the rock on the east being moved 45 feet to the south. To the east of this later fault, which will be referred to as the north-south fault, the limestone for a short distance strikes N.45ºW. and dips 50ºNE; west of it the strike is N.45ºE. and the dip more regularly to the northwest at about 28º. To the north up the slope the zone dies out just below the top of Mowry Hill, apparently pasing into undisturbed cherty limestones that strike N.85ºW. and dip 43ºN. On the south, where the fault zone is about 250 feet wide, it is composed of a red iron-stained silicified breccia, apparently composed mainly of chert pebbles, which at the top of the hill seems to run into a bed of dark gray cherty limestone that continues northwestward down the west slope of the hill.

Away from the locally disturbed beds along the north-south fault the limestones are unaltered, dark blue-gray in color, thin to heavy bedded, and in places cherty. They aggregate at least 800 feet in thickness.

The limestone is much purer along the north-south fault than away from it, but along the Mowry fault some of the limestone has been metamorphosed to a fine-grained marble. The limestone contains also some interbedded quartzite.

The quartz monzonite south of the Mowry fault is a reddish-gray, massive, porphyritic granitoid rock with phenocrysts of feldspar and inch in diameter. It is composed mainly of orthoclase, oligoclase-andesine, and quartz in about equal amounts, the orthoclase including some microperthite and microcline. Considerable dark silicate is present, some as biotite but most as hornblende, which, however, is nearly all altered to heavy, dark green masses consisting principally of chlorite or allied decomposition products and oxide of iron. Apatite is present as an accessory mineral, and some pyrite, marcasite, and chalcopyrite occur as secondary minerals. The rock on the whole is considerably altered, especially the soda-lime feldspars, which are highly sericitized. It is classified with the Mesozoic intrusive rocks, and is regarded as intrusive into the limestone. For 60 to 100 feet back from the Mowry fault the rock is much altered and stained with iron and manganese, and along the fault it is sheared and crushed, and the nearly parallel shear planes dip steeply to the south, away from the fault.

Croppings extend interruptedly along the contact fissure for more than 1/2 mile. The deposit forms an almost continuous tabular sheet along a 600 foot stretch occupied by mine openings. Ore shoots occur at intervals along a NE-trending vein and pitch 40-60SW. Several deposits occur as mantos, following limestone for several 100's of feet beyond the shear zone.

The Mowry fault is offset by west end and east end faults; The west end fault block is laterally displaced 50 feet to the south. Copper and iron sulfides were first encountered on the 400 foot level. Coarsely crystalline galena occurs in lenses and masses embedded in manganiferous gangue. A large ore body and several sheets or veins of Mn are found at the 150 foot level. The lack of quartz and zinc is noteworthy. The quartz monzonite is underlain by a gabbro intrusion at the 235 foot level.

Cropping out at several points in the camp southwest of the mine and seemingly intruding the limestone along the Mowry fault in the deep part of the mine, is a dark greenish or nearly black, massive, medium-grained, crystalline rock locally known as basalt, and in the mine, where it approximately parallels the fault and vein, it is known as the '500-foot lime dike.' It is actually an almost typical gabbro, composed mainly of labradorite or closely allied basic soda-lime feldspar, augite, or other pyroxene and contains considerable magnetite and iron, some biotite, and seemingly olivine, with accessory apatite. The rock on the whole is highly altered. The augite, whose abundance in places is indicated by the form of the crystal casts, is mostly changed to green amphibole, smaragdite, and chlorite, and the feldspars are greatly kaolinized and altered to epidote. Calcite and magnetite are present as secondary minerals, the former occurring both in isolated crystals or grains and in macroscopic veinlets and seams on joint planes and fracture lines, together with a few seams or veinlets of secondary quartz.

The manganese deposit is on the north or hanging wall side of an East-West fault contact between Paleozoic limestone and quartz monzonite. Gabbro intrudes the limestone along the fault. From surface the vein extends downward (500 feet) to the bottom of the mine in a continuous sheet and was ore-bearing almost throughout. Most of the orebodies; however, occur apparently as replacements of the adjacent limestone. The Mn + Fe formation is about 20% of the total orebody.

Tectonic elements include the Mowry Falt Block with downthrow to the north.

Workings include an 'old' shaft at 350 feet deep (1881), additional shafts and numerous tunnels and drifts. There are 15,000 feet of drifts, raises, and winzes connecting to the surface by at least 6 shafts. Developments included diamond drilling (1954-1955) by Ventures Ltd. of Cananda. This mine was probably worked by Jesuits and Mexicans prior to 1850 and later was mined up through 1952. Total estimated and reported production of Pb-Ag ore would be some 200,000 tons averaging about 4% Pb, 3 oz. Ag/T, and minor Cu, Zn, and Au. During WWI & WWII, some 7,500 long tons of about 25% Mn were shipped.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


24 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Pequa Rare Minerals specimen.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 81 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 296-306; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 112; Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits in AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 127: 94-95; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 296-297, 299-305; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 58; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 303; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Anglesite var: Argentiferous Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 81 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 296-306; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 112; Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits in AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 127: 94-95; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 296-297, 299-305; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 58; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 303; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Description: Occurs as labradorite-andesine in quartz monzonite in phenocrysts to 1 inch diameter.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 301.
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Description: Occurs as labradorite-andesine in quartz monzonite in phenocrysts to 1 inch diameter.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 301.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Description: Occurrence starts on the 400 level.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 120; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12: 237-269; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 303.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 81 (Table 4); Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits in AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 127: 94-95; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 299-305; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12: 237-269; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 76; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 136; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 303; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits in AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 127: 94-95; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 301.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 81 (Table 4); Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits in AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 127: 94-95; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 302-303; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Cerussite var: Argentiferous Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 81 (Table 4); Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits in AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 127: 94-95; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 302-303; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Pequa Rare Minerals specimen.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 195; Fleischer, M. & W.E. Richmond (1943), The manganese oxide minerals: A preliminary report, Econ.Geol.: 38: 269-286;
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: A secondary mineral resulting from the alteration of feldspar in gabbro.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 301.; MRDS database Dep. ID file #10109889, MRDS ID #M899923.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Description: Contains up to 3,800 oz. Ag/T.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 81 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 296-306; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 18; Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits in AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 127: 94-95; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 299-305; The Resources of Arizona - A Manual of Reliable Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881), Scottsdale, AZ: 43; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 302.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Description: Contains up to 3,800 oz. Ag/T.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 81 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 296-306; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 18; Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits in AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 127: 94-95; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 299-305; The Resources of Arizona - A Manual of Reliable Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881), Scottsdale, AZ: 43; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 302.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 246, 339; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 303; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 339; Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits in AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 127: 94-95; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 299-305; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12: 237-269.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 262.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Description: An alteration product of feldspars; in country rocks and in ore croppings.
Reference: Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits in AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 127: 94-95; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 301,302.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Description: Occurs as a component of several country rocks.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 301.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 303.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 289; Havens,R., et al (1954), Benefication of oxide manganese and manganese-silver ores from southern Arizona, US Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 5024; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 36.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10109889, MRDS ID #M899923.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10109889, MRDS ID #M899923.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10109889, MRDS ID #M899923.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Description: Occurs as phenocrysts to 1 inch diameter in quartz monzonite; some is microperthitic and there is some microcline.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 301.
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Description: Occurs in replacement deposits in limestone with other manganese oxides, hematite & wad.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 81 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 296-306; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 339; Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits in AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 127: 94-95; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 299-305; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12: 237-269; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 303; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10109889, MRDS ID #M899923.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 81 (Table 4); Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 339, 343; Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits in AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 127: 94-95; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 299-305; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12: 237-269; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 31, 32; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 303; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 371.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Description: Occurrence begins on the 400 level.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 81 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 296-306; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 411; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 303; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
'Wad'
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 343, 417; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 31.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 81 (Table 4); Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 303; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
var: Argentiferous Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
var: Argentiferous Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Anglesite
var: Argentiferous Anglesite
-PbSO4
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Cerussite
var: Argentiferous Cerussite
-PbCO3
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C Cerussite (var: Argentiferous Cerussite)PbCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
OOxygen
O Cerussite (var: Argentiferous Cerussite)PbCO3
O Anglesite (var: Argentiferous Anglesite)PbSO4
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O HematiteFe2O3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O SideriteFeCO3
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O CalciteCaCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
NaSodium
Na Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
AlAluminium
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S AcanthiteAg2S
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
S Anglesite (var: Argentiferous Anglesite)PbSO4
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S AnglesitePbSO4
ClChlorine
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
VVanadium
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
SbAntimony
Sb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
PbLead
Pb Cerussite (var: Argentiferous Cerussite)PbCO3
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb Anglesite (var: Argentiferous Anglesite)PbSO4
Pb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mowry, S. (1864) Arizona and Sonora; geography, history, and resources of the silver region of North America, 3rd ed.: New York, Harper and Brothers, 251 p.
The Resources of Arizona - A Manual of Reliable Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881), Scottsdale, AZ: 43.
The History of Arizona, 2nd. state legislature, Chap. X: 126.
Brinsmade, R.B. (1907) Lead-silver deposits of Mowry, Arizona: Mines and Minerals: 27(12): 529-531.
Prout, J.W. (1907) The silver-lead deposits of the Mowry Mine, Mowry, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 18 p.
Dinsmore, C.A. (1909) The Patagonia district, Arizona: Mining World [Chicago]: 31: 224.
Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 296-297, 299-305.
Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, Economic Geology: 12: 237-269.
Tenney, J.B. (1927-1929) History of Mining in Arizona, Special Collection, University of Arizona Library & Arizona Bureau of Mines Library: 289-293.
Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits in Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 127: 94-95.
Fleischer, M. & W.E. Richmond (1943), The manganese oxide minerals: A preliminary report, Economic Geology: 38: 269-286.
Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 153: 18.
Havens,R., et al (1954), Benefication of oxide manganese and manganese-silver ores from southern Arizona, U.S. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigation 5024.
Smith, G.E. (1956) Geology and ore deposits of the Mowry mine area, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 44 p.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 31, 32, 36, 58, 76.
Farnham, L.L., Stewart, L.A., and Delong, C.W. (1961), Manganese Deposits of Eastern Arizona, US Bureau of Mines Information Circular 7990: 159-162.
Simons, F.S. (1974) Geologic map and sections of the Nogales and Lochiel quadrangles, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-762, 9 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:48,000.
Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 81 (Table 4).
Wilt, Jan C. (1979) unpublished data, USGS.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 112, 120, 136, 195, 229, 246, 262, 289, 339, 343, 371, 411, 417.
U.S. Bureau of Mines - Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology file data.
U.S. Bureau of Land Management Mining District Sheet #723.
Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10109889, MRDS ID #M899923; and, Dep. ID #10210651, MAS ID #0040230013.

Other Databases

USGS MRDS Record:10109889

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North America PlateTectonic Plate

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