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Kaatiala pegmatite, Kuortane, South Ostrobothnia, Finlandi
Regional Level Types
Kaatiala pegmatitePegmatite
KuortaneMunicipality
South OstrobothniaRegion
FinlandCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
62° 40' 45'' North , 23° 29' 26'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Alavus9,422 (2014)12.5km
Kuortane4,219 (2014)13.4km
Töysä3,144 (2015)17.7km
Lehtimäki1,924 (2014)24.6km
Alajärvi8,793 (2014)39.3km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Kaatialan louhos


An old pegmatite quarry mined for quartz already in the 19th century. Later Kaatiala was mined from 1942 to 1968 for mainly potash feldspar. The production amounted to 160.000 tonnes of feldspar and 30.000 tons of quartz. Additional production included muscovite (700 tons), columbite (5 tons), löllingite (5 tons) and 18 tons of beryl.

Kaatiala is a zoned complex pegmatite enriched in many rare elements, such as lithium, cesium, rubidium and niobium. It was crystallized from granitic magma 1800 million years ago in a crevice in surrounding granodiorite country rock.

Kaatialaite, a new ferric arsenate mineral, was found from Kaatiala in 1984. It occurs as a secondary mineral on löllingite. Kaatiala is the type locality for kaatialaite.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


55 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: H-J Wilke (1976) Mineralfundstellen, Band 4, Skandinavien; Haapala, I. (1966): On the granitic pegmatites in the Peräseinäjoki-Alavus area, South Pohjanmaa, Finland. Bulletin de la commission géologique de Finland 224, 98p.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Haapala, I. (1966): On the granitic pegmatites in the Peräseinäjoki-Alavus area, South Pohjanmaa, Finland. Bulletin de la commission géologique de Finland 224, 98p.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I. 1998A. Kaatialan pegmatiitista ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 2, 6–26
Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Reference: Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I. 1998A. Kaatialan pegmatiitista ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 2, 6–26
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Description: Amblygonite from Kaatiala is erroneosly reported and is actually montebrasite. Ref. Jukka Konnunaho GTK, verbal communication 07.02.2015.
Reference: Haapala, I. (1966): On the granitic pegmatites in the Peräseinäjoki-Alavus area, South Pohjanmaa, Finland. Bulletin de la commission géologique de Finland 224, 98p.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Haapala, I. (1966): On the granitic pegmatites in the Peräseinäjoki-Alavus area, South Pohjanmaa, Finland. Bulletin de la commission géologique de Finland 224, 98p.; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Raade et al.(1984): Kaatialaite, a new ferric arsenate mineral from Finland. American Mineralogist. 69, 383-387; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I. 1998A. Kaatialan pegmatiitista ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 2, 6–26; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: H-J Wilke (1976) Mineralfundstellen, Band 4, Skandinavien; Haapala, I. (1966): On the granitic pegmatites in the Peräseinäjoki-Alavus area, South Pohjanmaa, Finland. Bulletin de la commission géologique de Finland 224, 98p.; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Finder Joel Dyer, Joel Dyer collection, Pavel Kartashov identification
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Finder Joel Dyer, Joel Dyer collection, Pavel Kartashov identification
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Finder Joel Dyer, Joel Dyer collection, Pavel Kartashov identification
Bityite
Formula: LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I. 1998A. Kaatialan pegmatiitista ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 2, 6–26; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection (collected by Seppo Lahti)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Joel Dyer collection
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Haapala, I. (1966): On the granitic pegmatites in the Peräseinäjoki-Alavus area, South Pohjanmaa, Finland. Bulletin de la commission géologique de Finland 224, 98p.; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I. 1998A. Kaatialan pegmatiitista ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 2, 6–26; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
'Childrenite-Eosphorite Series'
Reference: Joel Dyer Collection
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Nieminen, K. (1978) On the geochemistry of Kaatiala pegmatite. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 50. 1-14.; Nieminen, K. 1978. On the geochemistry of Kaatiala pegmatite. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 50,
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Haapala, I. (1966): On the granitic pegmatites in the Peräseinäjoki-Alavus area, South Pohjanmaa, Finland. Bulletin de la commission géologique de Finland 224, 98p.
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I. 1998A. Kaatialan pegmatiitista ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 2, 6–26; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I. 1998A. Kaatialan pegmatiitista ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 2, 6–26; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I. 1998A. Kaatialan pegmatiitista ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 2, 6–26; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I. 1998A. Kaatialan pegmatiitista ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 2, 6–26; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: H-J Wilke (1976) Mineralfundstellen, Band 4, Skandinavien; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Eucryptite
Formula: LiAlSiO4
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I. 1998A. Kaatialan pegmatiitista ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 2, 6–26; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Fairfieldite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Description: Fairfieldite confirmed also by Raman spectroscopy (J. Dyer).
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: http://www.sgu.se/geodigitalia/rapporter/s_8510.pdf; Haapala, I. (1966): On the granitic pegmatites in the Peräseinäjoki-Alavus area, South Pohjanmaa, Finland. Bulletin de la commission géologique de Finland 224, 98p.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: http://www.sgu.se/geodigitalia/rapporter/s_8510.pdf; Haapala, I. (1966): On the granitic pegmatites in the Peräseinäjoki-Alavus area, South Pohjanmaa, Finland. Bulletin de la commission géologique de Finland 224, 98p.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: H-J Wilke (1976) Mineralfundstellen, Band 4, Skandinavien
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Description: XRD analysis by Stenman Minerals. Raman analysis J. Dyer, with 94% over-all match and good match of areas 350-700 cm-1, 900-1200 cm-1 and low-lying, broad H2O band area. Phosphate samples at Kaatiala are often of multi-phase type, with mostly only micro-sized crystals.
Reference: Joel Dyer Collection
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
Jahnsite-(CaMnMn)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collectin, microprobe and XRD identification.
Kaatialaite (TL)
Formula: Fe(H2AsO4)3 · 5H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: powdery
Colour: yellow
Description: Occurs as a secondary mineral on löllingite.
Reference: Raade et al.(1984): Kaatialaite, a new ferric arsenate mineral from Finland. American Mineralogist. 69, 383-387
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I. 1998A. Kaatialan pegmatiitista ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 2, 6–26; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Haapala, I. (1966): On the granitic pegmatites in the Peräseinäjoki-Alavus area, South Pohjanmaa, Finland. Bulletin de la commission géologique de Finland 224, 98p.; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I. 1998A. Kaatialan pegmatiitista ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 2, 6–26; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Raade et al.(1984): Kaatialaite, a new ferric arsenate mineral from Finland. American Mineralogist. 69, 383-387; Haapala, I. (1966): On the granitic pegmatites in the Peräseinäjoki-Alavus area, South Pohjanmaa, Finland. Bulletin de la commission géologique de Finland 224, 98p.; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I. 1998A. Kaatialan pegmatiitista ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 2, 6–26
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I. 1998A. Kaatialan pegmatiitista ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 2, 6–26; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Description: Montebrasite confirmed also by Raman spectroscopy (J. Dyer).
Reference: Jukka Konnunaho GTK, verbal communication 07.02.2015.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I. 1998A. Kaatialan pegmatiitista ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 2, 6–26
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Haapala, I. (1966): On the granitic pegmatites in the Peräseinäjoki-Alavus area, South Pohjanmaa, Finland. Bulletin de la commission géologique de Finland 224, 98p.; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Parasymplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Raade et al.(1984): Kaatialaite, a new ferric arsenate mineral from Finland. American Mineralogist. 69, 383-387; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Preisingerite
Formula: Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Reference: Finder Joel Dyer, Joel Dyer collection, Pavel Kartashov identification
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection; Ilkka Mikkola collection, personal communication 07.02.2015.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: http://www.sgu.se/geodigitalia/rapporter/s_8510.pdf; Haapala, I. (1966): On the granitic pegmatites in the Peräseinäjoki-Alavus area, South Pohjanmaa, Finland. Bulletin de la commission géologique de Finland 224, 98p.; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Cook, R. B. (2013). Tourmaline: A Giant of a “Mineral”. Rocks & Minerals, 88(4), 316-321.; Haapala, I. (1966): On the granitic pegmatites in the Peräseinäjoki-Alavus area, South Pohjanmaa, Finland. Bulletin de la commission géologique de Finland 224, 98p.; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Raade et al.(1984): Kaatialaite, a new ferric arsenate mineral from Finland. American Mineralogist. 69, 383-387; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I. 1998A. Kaatialan pegmatiitista ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 2, 6–26
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: H-J Wilke (1976) Mineralfundstellen, Band 4, Skandinavien; Haapala, I. (1966): On the granitic pegmatites in the Peräseinäjoki-Alavus area, South Pohjanmaa, Finland. Bulletin de la commission géologique de Finland 224, 98p.; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Switzerite
Formula: Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I., unpublished, verbal communication 1999, in Hytönen, Kai 1999. Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu.
Symplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I. 1998A. Kaatialan pegmatiitista ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 2, 6–26; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Tennantite-(Fe)
Formula: Cu6(Cu4Fe2)As4S12S
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection, Anton Pilipiuk EPMA
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: H-J Wilke (1976) Mineralfundstellen, Band 4, Skandinavien; Haapala, I. (1966): On the granitic pegmatites in the Peräseinäjoki-Alavus area, South Pohjanmaa, Finland. Bulletin de la commission géologique de Finland 224, 98p.; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: http://www.sgu.se/geodigitalia/rapporter/s_8510.pdf; Haapala, I. (1966): On the granitic pegmatites in the Peräseinäjoki-Alavus area, South Pohjanmaa, Finland. Bulletin de la commission géologique de Finland 224, 98p.
Triphylite ?
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Description: (PXRD suggests Mn-bearing triphylite, but chemistry would be required for confirmation.)
Reference: PXRD by John Attard; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection (collected by Seppo Lahti)
Varulite
Formula: NaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3
Reference: RRUFF ID: R060740; and PXRD by John Attard, October 2017.; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I. 1998A. Kaatialan pegmatiitista ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 2, 6–26; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection (collected by Seppo Lahti)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Alluaudite8.AC.10(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Amblygonite ?8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Fairfieldite8.CG.05Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hureaulite8.CB.10(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Jahnsite-(CaMnMn)8.DH.15{Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Kaatialaite (TL)8.CC.10Fe(H2AsO4)3 · 5H2O
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Montebrasite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Parasymplesite8.CE.40Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Preisingerite8.BO.10Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Switzerite8.CE.25Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Symplesite8.CE.45Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Triphylite ?8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Varulite8.AC.10NaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Bityite9.EC.35LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dumortierite9.AJ.10(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Eucryptite9.AA.05LiAlSiO4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Childrenite-Eosphorite Series'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Lepidolite'-
Tennantite-(Fe)-Cu6(Cu4Fe2)As4S12S
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Arsenolite4.3.9.1As2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Triphylite ?38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
(AB)5(XO4)3
Alluaudite38.2.3.6(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Varulite38.2.3.3NaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Hureaulite39.2.1.1(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Miscellaneous
Kaatialaite (TL)39.3.9.1Fe(H2AsO4)3 · 5H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Fairfieldite40.2.2.1Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Parasymplesite40.3.6.6Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Switzerite40.3.5.4Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Symplesite40.3.8.1Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite ?41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Montebrasite41.5.8.2LiAl(PO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Preisingerite41.10.9.1Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnMn)42.11.2.3{Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Eucryptite51.1.1.3LiAlSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Dumortierite54.1.2.1(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Bityite71.2.2c.3LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Childrenite-Eosphorite Series'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
Tennantite-(Fe)-Cu6(Cu4Fe2)As4S12S
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H KaatialaiteFe(H2AsO4)3 · 5H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
H SwitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 7H2O
H Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
H Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
LiLithium
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Li BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Li TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
OOxygen
O KaatialaiteFe(H2AsO4)3 · 5H2O
O CassiteriteSnO2
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ArsenoliteAs2O3
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O QuartzSiO2
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O UraniniteUO2
O VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn22+(PO4)3
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
O EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
O BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
O SwitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 7H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
O Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
O TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
FFluorine
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
NaSodium
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn22+(PO4)3
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
MgMagnesium
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
AlAluminium
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Al EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Al BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
SiSilicon
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Si EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Si BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn22+(PO4)3
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
P MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
P SwitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 7H2O
P Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
P Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
P Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
P TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
SSulfur
S TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
S PyriteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S SphaleriteZnS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S Tennantite-(Fe)Cu6(Cu4Fe2)As4S12S
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn22+(PO4)3
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Ca Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
MnManganese
Mn FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Mn VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn22+(PO4)3
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Mn SwitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Mn Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Mn Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
FeIron
Fe KaatialaiteFe(H2AsO4)3 · 5H2O
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Fe Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Fe Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Fe Tennantite-(Fe)Cu6(Cu4Fe2)As4S12S
Fe TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
CuCopper
Cu TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Tennantite-(Fe)Cu6(Cu4Fe2)As4S12S
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As KaatialaiteFe(H2AsO4)3 · 5H2O
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As ArsenoliteAs2O3
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
As Tennantite-(Fe)Cu6(Cu4Fe2)As4S12S
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Nieminen, K. (1954): The pegmatite quarries of Kaatiala. Geoteknillisiä julkaisuja 55 (23): 89-90
Erämetsä, Olavi; Nieminen, Kalervo and Niinistö, Lauri (1973): Two transparent beryl varietes from the Kaatiala pegmatite, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 45: 125-130
Nieminen, K. (1978): On the geochemistry of Kaatiala pegmatite, western Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 50:1-4.
Sandström, F. (1983): Kaatiala-Haapaluoma, Finland. Fyndortsbeskrivning VAGS ( Västerås Amatörgeologiska Sällskap) 102, 7p.
Raade, G., Mladeck, M.H., Kristiansen, R. & Din, V. K. (1984): Kaatialaite, a new ferric arsenate mineral from Finland. American Mineralogist 69: 383-387
Fredrikson, G. (1985): Reserapport nr: S 85-10 Fältbesök till tenn-, tantal-och litiumförekomster i Seinäjoki-och Tammerforsområdena, Finland. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning Report, 14p
Lahti, Seppo I. (1998): Kaatialan pegmatiitista ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 2: 6-26
Hytönen, Kai (1999) Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu.
Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.

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