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Waterbank Mine, Back of Ecton, Ecton, Staffordshire, England, UKi
Regional Level Types
Waterbank MineMine
Back of Ecton- not defined -
EctonHamlet
StaffordshireCounty
EnglandConstituent Country
UKCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
53° 6' 54'' North , 1° 50' 52'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
UK National Grid Reference:
SK102576
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Newhaven13,222 (2018)6.9km
Parwich472 (2018)9.1km
Ipstones881 (2018)11.1km
Leek19,903 (2018)11.7km
Youlgreave1,018 (2018)12.4km


Waterbank mine may have been at work from the late 1730's. Since that date this small mine has been worked at various dates from 1836. The last reference to the mine was in 1891 when the machinery was sold. Waterbank mine was developed by a sough (adit), and by at least 3 shafts, one to the 45 fathom level.

Note: A number of undefined minerals have been found at this mine since the late 1980's.
- XRD and SEM of a yellow mineral indicated a possible intermediate between otavite and smithsonite.
- A number of supposed schulenbergite specimens when subjected to XRD could not be ascribed to this species.
- A blue-green crystalline mineral could not be identified by XRD. Electron probe work has indicated that mineral contains major Zn with some Cu, S, P, Si, Na, and Pb.


Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


38 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Habit: Blocky to prismatic
Colour: Colourless to wine-yellow
Reference: UKJMM 15
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Habit: Druse, botryoidal crusts
Colour: Pale blue to blue green
Fluorescence: none
Reference: UKJMM 15
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Habit: Cockscombe, and single platy crystals
Colour: Colourless to white
Reference: Ford, T.D. (2000): Bulletin of the Peak District Mines Historical Society 14(4), 1-22
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Habit: Drusey crusts
Colour: Deep emerald green
Fluorescence: none
Reference: UKJMM 15
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Habit: Prismatic, and psedocubic
Colour: Colourless to beige
Reference: Ford, T.D. (2000): Bulletin of the Peak District Mines Historical Society 14(4), 1-22
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Ford, T.D. (2000): Bulletin of the Peak District Mines Historical Society 14(4), 1-22
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Habit: A number of habits, and twins.
Colour: Colourless to pale brownish
Reference: UKJMM 15
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Habit: Massive, and sphenodal
Colour: Dull brassy
Reference: Ford, T.D. (2000): Bulletin of the Peak District Mines Historical Society 14(4), 1-22
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Habit: Massive
Colour: Blueish
Reference: UKJMM 15
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Habit: Tiny platy crystals
Colour: Deep metallic blue
Reference: UKJMM 15
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Habit: Massive
Colour: Deep maroon
Reference: No reference listed
Devilline ?
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Description: Unconfirmed may have been misstaken, might have been sepierite, or aurichalcite
Reference: No reference listed
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Habit: Rhombic crystals
Colour: White to pink
Reference: S.Rust Collection.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Habit: Cubic
Colour: Colourless
Fluorescence: none
Reference: UKJMM 15
Galena
Formula: PbS
Habit: Cubic, Cubo-octahedral
Colour: Dull lead grey
Fluorescence: none
Reference: Ford, T.D. (2000): Bulletin of the Peak District Mines Historical Society 14(4), 1-22
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Habit: Divergent prismatic.
Colour: Colourless
Fluorescence: Faint white
Reference: UKJMM 15
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: UKJMM 15
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Habit: Tabular hexagonal
Colour: Colourless-tinted yellow brown
Description: Only 1 or 2 specimens are probably known from this mine.
Reference: S Rust collection
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Habit: Bladed, and blocky
Colour: Azur blue
Reference: UKJMM 15
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Habit: Druse crusts
Colour: Pale green to green
Reference: Ford, T.D. (2000): Bulletin of the Peak District Mines Historical Society 14(4), 1-22
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Matlockite
Formula: PbFCl
Colour: Colourless to tinted yellow.
Description: Thin tabular plats <0.2mm on phosgenite
Reference: XRD Univesity of Manitoba 2011
Namuwite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Habit: Platy pseudohexagonal. and petal like. Can be triangular.
Colour: Very pale bluish green
Description: Crystals seldom reach more than 0.6mm
Reference: UKJMM 15
Olsacherite
Formula: Pb2(Se6+O4)(SO4)
Habit: Bladed
Colour: light brown
Reference: UKJMM No25, pp33-34
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Habit: Blocky rounded
Colour: Tinted brown-colourless
Description: So far only noted on 3 specimens.
Reference: S Rust collection
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Habit: Twinned pseudohexagonal, platy
Colour: Blue green
Reference: UKJMM 15
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Habit: Cubic, cubo-octahedrons
Colour: Dull brassy
Reference: UKJMM 15
Ramsbeckite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Habit: Rhombic
Colour: Emerald Green
Description: Xls to 0.7mm 1st UK occurrence
Reference: UKJMM 15
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Habit: Botryoidal
Colour: Slightly blueish green
Reference: UKJMM 15
Schmiederite
Formula: Pb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4
Habit: Ball-like
Colour: Deep blue
Description: So far only found on 2 micro-specimens from this mine.
Reference: S Rust Collection
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Habit: Petal-like, druse crusts
Colour: Pale blue green
Description: Xls to 0.5 in crusts to a few mm
Reference: UKJMM 15
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Habit: Wispy lath like, divergent .
Colour: Sky blue
Reference: UKJMM 15
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Habit: Crusts
Colour: Grey-white
Reference: UKJMM 15
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Habit: Complex crystals
Colour: Black to brown
Reference: UKJMM 15
Sulphur
Formula: S8
'Wad'
Reference: Ford, T.D. (2000): Bulletin of the Peak District Mines Historical Society 14(4), 1-22
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Habit: Prismatic
Colour: Yellowish
Description: Probably only found on 3-4 specimens.
Reference: UKJMM 15

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Matlockite3.DC.25PbFCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Devilline ?7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Namuwite7.DD.50Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Olsacherite7.AD.35Pb2(Se6+O4)(SO4)
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Ramsbeckite7.DD.60(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Schmiederite7.BC.65Pb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Matlockite9.2.11.1PbFCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite16a.3.4.1Pb2CO3Cl2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Schulenbergite31.1.6.1(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Namuwite31.4.7.1Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Ramsbeckite31.4.9.1(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline ?31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates
Olsacherite32.1.3.1Pb2(Se6+O4)(SO4)
Group 33 - SELENATES AND TELLURATES
(AB)m(XO4)pZq
Schmiederite33.1.1.1Pb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
H Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H SchmiederitePb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
CCarbon
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
OOxygen
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
O Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
O OlsacheritePb2(Se6+O4)(SO4)
O AnglesitePbSO4
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O CerussitePbCO3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O SchmiederitePb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4
O CelestineSrSO4
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O CupriteCu2O
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
FFluorine
F MatlockitePbFCl
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SSulfur
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
S Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
S OlsacheritePb2(Se6+O4)(SO4)
S AnglesitePbSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
S Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S SulphurS8
S GreenockiteCdS
S CelestineSrSO4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
ClChlorine
Cl PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Cl MatlockitePbFCl
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Cu Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu SchmiederitePb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
ZnZinc
Zn NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Zn Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SeSelenium
Se OlsacheritePb2(Se6+O4)(SO4)
Se SchmiederitePb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb OlsacheritePb2(Se6+O4)(SO4)
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Pb SchmiederitePb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4
Pb MatlockitePbFCl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- UKJMM No. 15, 1995. Waterbank Mine, Ecton, Staffordshire.
- Steve A. Rust.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

British IslesGroup of Islands
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
UK

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