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Newhaven Cliffs (Fort Hill), Newhaven, Lewes, East Sussex, England, UKi
Regional Level Types
Newhaven Cliffs (Fort Hill)Cliff
NewhavenCivil Parish
LewesDistrict
East SussexCounty
EnglandConstituent Country
UKCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 46' 52'' North , 0° 2' 57'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Newhaven13,222 (2018)1.8km
Seaford22,584 (2018)3.9km
Peacehaven18,579 (2017)4.1km
Rodmell527 (2018)6.8km
Alfriston829 (2018)8.1km


Exposures in, and on the top of, the cliffs along Newhaven Beach at Fort Hill.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


20 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: De Putter, T., Bernard, A., Perruchot, A., Nicaise, D., & Dupuis, C. (2000). Low-temperature acid weathering in Newhaven, Sussex, United Kingdom, and its application to theoretical modeling in radioactive waste-disposal sites. Clays and Clay Minerals, 48(2), 238-245.
Aluminite
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 601.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: De Putter, T., Bernard, A., Perruchot, A., Nicaise, D., & Dupuis, C. (2000). Low-temperature acid weathering in Newhaven, Sussex, United Kingdom, and its application to theoretical modeling in radioactive waste-disposal sites. Clays and Clay Minerals, 48(2), 238-245.
Ammoniojarosite
Formula: (NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Inglethorpe, S., & Morgan, D. (1993). Detection of ammonium in geological materials by evolved gas analysis. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 40(1), 29-40.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: De Putter, T., Bernard, A., Perruchot, A., Nicaise, D., & Dupuis, C. (2000). Low-temperature acid weathering in Newhaven, Sussex, United Kingdom, and its application to theoretical modeling in radioactive waste-disposal sites. Clays and Clay Minerals, 48(2), 238-245.
Bayerite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: De Putter, T., Bernard, A., Perruchot, A., Nicaise, D., & Dupuis, C. (2000). Low-temperature acid weathering in Newhaven, Sussex, United Kingdom, and its application to theoretical modeling in radioactive waste-disposal sites. Clays and Clay Minerals, 48(2), 238-245.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: De Putter, T., Bernard, A., Perruchot, A., Nicaise, D., & Dupuis, C. (2000). Low-temperature acid weathering in Newhaven, Sussex, United Kingdom, and its application to theoretical modeling in radioactive waste-disposal sites. Clays and Clay Minerals, 48(2), 238-245.
Felsőbányaite
Formula: Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Reference: De Putter, T., Bernard, A., Perruchot, A., Nicaise, D., & Dupuis, C. (2000). Low-temperature acid weathering in Newhaven, Sussex, United Kingdom, and its application to theoretical modeling in radioactive waste-disposal sites. Clays and Clay Minerals, 48(2), 238-245.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: De Putter, T., Bernard, A., Perruchot, A., Nicaise, D., & Dupuis, C. (2000). Low-temperature acid weathering in Newhaven, Sussex, United Kingdom, and its application to theoretical modeling in radioactive waste-disposal sites. Clays and Clay Minerals, 48(2), 238-245.
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Reference: De Putter, T., Bernard, A., Perruchot, A., Nicaise, D., & Dupuis, C. (2000). Low-temperature acid weathering in Newhaven, Sussex, United Kingdom, and its application to theoretical modeling in radioactive waste-disposal sites. Clays and Clay Minerals, 48(2), 238-245.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: De Putter, T., Bernard, A., Perruchot, A., Nicaise, D., & Dupuis, C. (2000). Low-temperature acid weathering in Newhaven, Sussex, United Kingdom, and its application to theoretical modeling in radioactive waste-disposal sites. Clays and Clay Minerals, 48(2), 238-245.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Bill Gordon collection
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Bill Gordon collection
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: De Putter, T., Bernard, A., Perruchot, A., Nicaise, D., & Dupuis, C. (2000). Low-temperature acid weathering in Newhaven, Sussex, United Kingdom, and its application to theoretical modeling in radioactive waste-disposal sites. Clays and Clay Minerals, 48(2), 238-245.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: De Putter, T., Bernard, A., Perruchot, A., Nicaise, D., & Dupuis, C. (2000). Low-temperature acid weathering in Newhaven, Sussex, United Kingdom, and its application to theoretical modeling in radioactive waste-disposal sites. Clays and Clay Minerals, 48(2), 238-245.
Hydrobasaluminite
Formula: Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
Reference: De Putter, T., Bernard, A., Perruchot, A., Nicaise, D., & Dupuis, C. (2000). Low-temperature acid weathering in Newhaven, Sussex, United Kingdom, and its application to theoretical modeling in radioactive waste-disposal sites. Clays and Clay Minerals, 48(2), 238-245.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: De Putter, T., Bernard, A., Perruchot, A., Nicaise, D., & Dupuis, C. (2000). Low-temperature acid weathering in Newhaven, Sussex, United Kingdom, and its application to theoretical modeling in radioactive waste-disposal sites. Clays and Clay Minerals, 48(2), 238-245.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: [Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: De Putter, T., Bernard, A., Perruchot, A., Nicaise, D., & Dupuis, C. (2000). Low-temperature acid weathering in Newhaven, Sussex, United Kingdom, and its application to theoretical modeling in radioactive waste-disposal sites. Clays and Clay Minerals, 48(2), 238-245.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: De Putter, T., Bernard, A., Perruchot, A., Nicaise, D., & Dupuis, C. (2000). Low-temperature acid weathering in Newhaven, Sussex, United Kingdom, and its application to theoretical modeling in radioactive waste-disposal sites. Clays and Clay Minerals, 48(2), 238-245.
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/nordstrandite.pdf.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Bannister, F.A. (1932) The distinction of pyrite from marcasite in nodular growths. Mineralogical Magazine, 23, 179-187.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: De Putter, T., Bernard, A., Perruchot, A., Nicaise, D., & Dupuis, C. (2000). Low-temperature acid weathering in Newhaven, Sussex, United Kingdom, and its application to theoretical modeling in radioactive waste-disposal sites. Clays and Clay Minerals, 48(2), 238-245.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: De Putter, T., Bernard, A., Perruchot, A., Nicaise, D., & Dupuis, C. (2000). Low-temperature acid weathering in Newhaven, Sussex, United Kingdom, and its application to theoretical modeling in radioactive waste-disposal sites. Clays and Clay Minerals, 48(2), 238-245.
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: De Putter, T., Bernard, A., Perruchot, A., Nicaise, D., & Dupuis, C. (2000). Low-temperature acid weathering in Newhaven, Sussex, United Kingdom, and its application to theoretical modeling in radioactive waste-disposal sites. Clays and Clay Minerals, 48(2), 238-245.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Bayerite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Nordstrandite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Aluminite7.DC.05Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Ammoniojarosite7.BC.10(NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Felsőbányaite7.DD.05Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hydrobasaluminite7.DE.60Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Glauconite'-(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Bayerite6.3.2.1Al(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Nordstrandite6.3.3.1Al(OH)3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Ammoniojarosite30.2.5.4(NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Felsőbányaite31.4.4.1Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Hydrobasaluminite31.4.6.1Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Aluminite31.7.4.1Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
'Glauconite'71.2.2a.5(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H NordstranditeAl(OH)3
H Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
H BayeriteAl(OH)3
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C MagnesiteMgCO3
NNitrogen
N Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O NordstranditeAl(OH)3
O Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
O BayeriteAl(OH)3
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O QuartzSiO2
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
NaSodium
Na Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Al NordstranditeAl(OH)3
Al Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Al BayeriteAl(OH)3
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
S HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
De Putter, T., Bernard, A., Perruchot, A., Nicaise, D., and Dupuis, C. (2000) Low-temperature acid weathering in Newhaven, Sussex, United Kingdom, and its application to theoretical modeling in radioactive waste-disposal sites. Clays and Clay Minerals, 48(2), 238-245.
Inglethorpe, S. and Morgan, D. (1993) Detection of ammonium in geological materials by evolved gas analysis. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 40(1), 29-40.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

British IslesGroup of Islands
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
UK

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