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Bay of Plenty Region, New Zealandi
Regional Level Types
Bay of Plenty RegionRegion
New ZealandCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Tauranga110,338 (2012)
Rotorua65,901 (2017)
Whakatane18,602 (2012)
Kawerau6,702 (2011)
Opotiki4,044 (2015)
Katikati3,232 (2011)
Other Languages:
French:
baie de l'Abondance, Nouvelle-Zélande
German:
Bay of Plenty, Neuseeland
Italian:
Bay of Plenty, Nuova Zelanda
Maori:
Te Moana-a-Toi, Aotearoa
Russian:
Бей-оф-Пленти, Новая Зеландия
Simplified Chinese:
普伦蒂湾大区, 新西兰
Spanish:
Bay of Plenty, Nueva Zelanda
Arabic:
إقليم خليج بانتي, نيوزيلندا
Aragonese:
Rechión d'a Badía de Plenty, Nueva Zelanda
Armenian:
Բեյ օֆ Փլենթի, Նոր Զելանդիա
Asturian:
Badea de Plenty, Nueva Zelanda
Basque:
Bay of Plenty eskualdea, Zeelanda Berria
Belarusian:
Пленты, Новая Зеландыя
Bengali:
প্লেন্টি উপসাগর অঞ্চল, নিউজিল্যান্ড
Bulgarian:
Бей ъф Пленти, Нова Зеландия
Catalan:
Bay of Plenty, Nova Zelanda
Cebuano:
Bay of Plenty, New Zealand
Croatian:
Bay of Plenty, Novi Zeland
Czech:
Bay of Plenty, Nový Zéland
Danish:
Bay of Plenty Region, New Zealand
Dutch:
Bay of Plenty, Nieuw-Zeeland
Esperanto:
Regiono Golfo de Abundo, Nov-Zelando
Farsi/Persian:
خلیج پلنتی, نیوزیلند
Fiji Hindi:
Bay of Plenty, New Zealand
Finnish:
Bay of Plenty, Uusi-Seelanti
Georgian:
ბეი-ოვ-პლენტის რეგიონი, ახალი ზელანდია
Greek:
Μπέι οφ Πλέντι, Νέα Ζηλανδία
Gujarati:
બે ઓફ પ્લેન્ટી પ્રદેશ, ન્યૂઝીલેન્ડ
Hebrew:
ביי אוף פלנטי, ניו זילנד
Hindi:
बे ऑफ प्लेंटी क्षेत्र, न्यूज़ीलैण्ड
Hungarian:
Plenty-öböl, Új-Zéland
Indonesian:
Wilayah Bay of Plenty, Selandia Baru
Irish Gaelic:
Bá na Flúirse, An Nua-Shéalainn
Japanese:
ベイ・オブ・プレンティ, ニュージーランド
Kannada:
ಬೇ ಆಫ್ ಪ್ಲೆಂಟಿ ಪ್ರದೇಶ, ನ್ಯೂ ಜೀಲ್ಯಾಂಡ್
Korean:
베이오브플렌티 지방, 뉴질랜드
Latvian:
Bejofplenti reģions, Jaunzēlande
Lithuanian:
Plenčio įlankos regionas, Naujoji Zelandija
Macedonian:
Залив Пленти, Нов Зеланд
Malay:
Wilayah Bay of Plenty, New Zealand
Marathi:
बे ऑफ प्लेनटी प्रदेश, न्यू झीलँड
Minnan / Hokkien-Taiwanese:
Bay of Plenty Tōa-khu, New Zealand
Norwegian:
Bay of Plenty, New Zealand
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Bay of Plenty, New Zealand
Occitan:
Bay of Plenty, Nòva Zelanda
Polish:
Bay of Plenty, Nowa Zelandia
Portuguese:
Região da Baia de Plenty, Nova Zelândia
Sanskrit:
महोदधिः, न्यू-जीलैंड
Scottish Gaelic:
Bay of Plenty Region, Sealainn Nuadh
Serbo-Croatian:
Bay of Plenty, Novi Zeland
Sinhalese:
ප්ලේන්ටි කලපු කලාපය, නවසීලන්තය
Swedish:
Bay of Plenty, Nya Zeeland
Tamil:
ப்ளெண்ட்டி பகுதி பே, நியூசிலாந்து
Telugu:
బే ఆఫ్ ప్లెంటీ ప్రాంతం, న్యూజీలాండ్
Thai:
เบย์ ออฟ เพลนตี้, นิวซีแลนด์
Turkish:
Bay of Plenty, Yeni Zelanda
Ukrainian:
Бей оф Пленті, Нова Зеландія
Urdu:
بے آف پلینٹی علاقہ, نیوزی لینڈ
Vietnamese:
Khu vực Bay Of Plenty, New Zealand
Wu Chinese:
普伦蒂湾, 新西兰


The Bay of Plenty Region covers the sandy shores of the Bay of Plenty which sweeps in an arc from near Tauranga to Cape Runaway to the east, and then a triangular section inland towards the centre of the North Island.

The region is split into the Western Bay of Plenty, Whakatane, Opotiki, Rotorua, and Kawerau districts. The last only incorporates the town of Kawerau and its immediate surrounds. A south-eastern portion of the Rotorua district is managed by the Waikato Region, while a portion of Waikato's Taupo District is managed by the Bay of Plenty Region. The regional council has also gone under the trading name of the Environment Bay of Plenty Regional Council.

The coastline contains sandy beaches, and sand barrier islands and estuaries, then inland across a coastal plain to a central plateau, and lake district. The Kaimai Range borders the region to the west, while the Raukumara Range borders to the east. Tauranga in the far west of the region is the largest population centre, and fifth largest in the country, based on port facilities, as a retirement centre with its north facing climate, and kiwifruit/avocado growing. Rotorua is also a substantial town, based largely on tourism.

Cutting across the centre of the region is the 20 kilometre wide Taupo Volcanic Zone. This trends north north-east for 300 kilometres starting from the south in the Tongariro National Park, and outside the region, its northern limit White Island in the Bay of Plenty itself. The zone is littered with volcanoes in various states of activity or inactivity, numerous geothermal areas (hot springs, bubbling mud pools, fumaroles etc), and multiple lake filled calderas. The Bay of Plenty Region contains two of the five volcanic sub-zones, being Rotorua, Okataina, and a small part of Maroa. The area has seen substantial volcanic eruptions and earthquakes.

Lavas around the Bay of Plenty graduate from dacite to andesite, while in the Rotorua area are dacite to rhyolite. The lavas may also contain igneous rock, indicating some continental crust melting with the volcanic activity. All these rocks together with ignimbrites form the majority of units within the volcanic zone. The zone represents a tensional graben structure caused by a change from a north-west arc to north north-east trend. The zone is flanked either side by an ignimbrite plateau, erupted from vents within the zone.

The region contains the major collecting site of Hendersons Quarry, with many micro and thumbnail specimens in local collections. Mining is limited to sand, pumice, aggregate, sulphur and dimension stone in relatively minor quarries. The region is interesting geologically for its volcanic activity, and many sites south of Rotorua have been opened as tourist attractions. A few have found themselves listed on Mindat. Some have generated specimen material, either sulphur or other species based on gas and hydrothermal alterations, but are generally not known as specimen sites. Most are either privately owned, or with conservation reserves, where collecting is not allowed. Most sites are strictly controlled, with paths and fencing to prevent people falling into boiling water and mud.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

75 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1956 31 : 96-106; Barclay, J., Carroll, M. R., Houghton, B. F., & Wilson, C. J. N. (1996). Pre-eruptive volatile content and degassing history of an evolving peralkaline volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 74(1-2), 75-87. Buck, M. D., Briggs, R. M., & Nelson, C. S. (1981). Pyroclastic deposits and volcanic history of Mayor Island. New Zealand journal of geology and geophysics, 24(4), 449-467. Ewart, A., Taylor, S. R., & Capp, A. C. (1968). Geochemistry of the pantellerites of Mayor island, New Zealand. Contributions to mineralogy and petrology, 17(2), 116-140. Houghton, B. F., Weaver, S. D., Wilson, C. J., & Lanphere, M. A. (1992). Evolution of a quaternary peralkaline volcano: Mayor Island, New Zealand. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 51(3), 217-236. Stevenson, R. J., Briggs, R. M., & Hodder, A. P. W. (1993). Emplacement history of a low-viscosity, fountain-fed pantelleritic lava flow. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 57(1-2), 39-56.
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages. Osborne Hutton, C. (1956) Re-Examination of the mineral tuhualite. Mineralogical Magazine 31, 96-106. ; Barclay, J., Carroll, M. R., Houghton, B. F., & Wilson, C. J. N. (1996). Pre-eruptive volatile content and degassing history of an evolving peralkaline volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 74(1-2), 75-87. Buck, M. D., Briggs, R. M., & Nelson, C. S. (1981). Pyroclastic deposits and volcanic history of Mayor Island. New Zealand journal of geology and geophysics, 24(4), 449-467. Ewart, A., Taylor, S. R., & Capp, A. C. (1968). Geochemistry of the pantellerites of Mayor island, New Zealand. Contributions to mineralogy and petrology, 17(2), 116-140. Houghton, B. F., Weaver, S. D., Wilson, C. J., & Lanphere, M. A. (1992). Evolution of a quaternary peralkaline volcano: Mayor Island, New Zealand. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 51(3), 217-236. Stevenson, R. J., Briggs, R. M., & Hodder, A. P. W. (1993). Emplacement history of a low-viscosity, fountain-fed pantelleritic lava flow. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 57(1-2), 39-56.
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Reference: Johnston, J. H. (1977) Jarosite and akaganéite from White Island Volcano, New Zealand: an X-ray and Mossbauer study. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 41:4, 539-544. Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: http://www.mightyriver.co.nz/content/599/CR%202005-20%20-%20Geoscientific%20Review%20of%20Kawerau%20Geothermal%20Field.pdf
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Cole, J.W. (1970) Petrography of the rhyolite lavas of Tarawera Volcanic Complex. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 13:4, 903-924.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Reference: Barclay, J., Carroll, M. R., Houghton, B. F., & Wilson, C. J. N. (1996). Pre-eruptive volatile content and degassing history of an evolving peralkaline volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 74(1-2), 75-87. Buck, M. D., Briggs, R. M., & Nelson, C. S. (1981). Pyroclastic deposits and volcanic history of Mayor Island. New Zealand journal of geology and geophysics, 24(4), 449-467. Ewart, A., Taylor, S. R., & Capp, A. C. (1968). Geochemistry of the pantellerites of Mayor island, New Zealand. Contributions to mineralogy and petrology, 17(2), 116-140. Houghton, B. F., Weaver, S. D., Wilson, C. J., & Lanphere, M. A. (1992). Evolution of a quaternary peralkaline volcano: Mayor Island, New Zealand. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 51(3), 217-236. Stevenson, R. J., Briggs, R. M., & Hodder, A. P. W. (1993). Emplacement history of a low-viscosity, fountain-fed pantelleritic lava flow. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 57(1-2), 39-56.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages. Hedenquist, J.W., Simmons, S.F., Giggenbach, W.F., Stewart Eldridge, C. (1993) White Island, New Zealand, volcanic-hydrothermal system represents the geochemical environment of high-sulfidation Cu and Au ore deposition. Geology, 21(8), 731-734.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Collection of RJ Martin
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Reference: Rod Martin personal collection
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages. Hedenquist, J.W., Simmons, S.F., Giggenbach, W.F., Stewart Eldridge, C. (1993) White Island, New Zealand, volcanic-hydrothermal system represents the geochemical environment of high-sulfidation Cu and Au ore deposition. Geology, 21(8), 731-734.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Hiess, J., Cole, J.W., Spinks, K.D. (2007) High-Alumina Basalts of the Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand: Influence of the Crust and Crustal Structure. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 50(4):327-342.
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Cole, J.W. (1970) Petrography of the rhyolite lavas of Tarawera Volcanic Complex. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 13:4, 903-924.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: R. Martin collection
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Martin Stolworthy Collection
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: R. Martin collection
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Cody, A.D., Grammer, T.R. (1979) Magnesian halotrichite from White Island. N.Z. Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 22:4, 495-498.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Schwarz-Schampera, U.,et al. (2007) Cruise Report SONNE 192/2, MANGO. Marine Geoscientific Research on Input and Output in the Tonga-Kermadec Subduction Zone
'Clays'
Reference: Rod Martin personal collection
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: R. Martin collection
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Cody, A.D., Grammer, T.R. (1979) Magnesian halotrichite from White Island. N.Z. Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 22:4, 495-498.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Martin Stolworthy Collection
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: Christie, A.B., Mauk, J.L., Simpson, M.P., Brathwaite, R.L., Simmons, S.F. (2007) Epithermal Au-Ag and Related Deposits of the Hauraki Goldfield, Coromandel Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Economic Geology, 102:5, 785-816.
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: S.Mills, Museum Victoria
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: R. Martin collection
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Martin Stolworthy Collection
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Cole, J.W., Thordarson, T., Burt, R.M. (2000) Magma Origin and Evolution of White Island (Whakaari) Volcano, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand. Journal of Petrology, 41(6), 867-895.; J. W. COLE, T. THORDARSON, R. M. BURT, Magma Origin and Evolution of White Island (Whakaari) Volcano, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand, Journal of Petrology, Volume 41, Issue 6, June 2000, Pages 867–895,
Ferri-katophorite
Formula: Na(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: De Gras, M, 2010 Paragenesis, morphology and speciation of mineral phases within miarolitic cavities in rhyolite, Mount Ngongotaha dome complex, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Unpublished Thesis, University of NSW.
Ferro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Martin Stolworthy Collection
Ferro-katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Reference: De Gras, M, 2010 Paragenesis, morphology and speciation of mineral phases within miarolitic cavities in rhyolite, Mount Ngongotaha dome complex, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Unpublished Thesis, University of NSW.
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Reference: J. W. COLE, T. THORDARSON, R. M. BURT, Magma Origin and Evolution of White Island (Whakaari) Volcano, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand, Journal of Petrology, Volume 41, Issue 6, June 2000, Pages 867–895,
Fluoro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: "Ian Graham" Collection
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Morris, N. (2005) Gold and Silver. Appleseed Editions Ltd, East Sussex; Pope, J. G., Brown, K. L., McConchie, D. M. (2005) Gold Concentrations in Springs at Waiotapu, New Zealand: Implications for Precious Metal Deposition in Geothermal Systems. Economic Geology. 100 (4): 677–87.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: White Island. Hamilton and Baumgart, 1959. DSIR Bull. 127
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Cody, A.D., Grammer, T.R. (1979) Magnesian halotrichite from White Island. N.Z. Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 22:4, 495-498.
'Halotrichite-Pickeringite Series'
Reference: Martin, R., Rodgers, K.A., Browne, P.R.L. (1999) The nature and significance of sulphate-rich, aluminous efflorescences from the Te Kopia geothermal field, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine, June 1999, Vol. 63(3), 413-419.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Martin Stolworthy Collection
Hematite var:
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Collection of RJ Martin
'Heulandite'
Reference: Buck, M.D., Briggs, R.M., Nelson, C.S. (1981) Pyroclastic deposits and volcanic history of Mayor Island. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 24:4, 449-467.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Martin Stolworthy Collection
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Martin Stolworthy Collection
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Cody, A.D., Grammer, T.R. (1979) Magnesian halotrichite from White Island. N.Z. Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 22:4, 495-498. Johnston, J. H. (1977) Jarosite and akaganéite from White Island Volcano, New Zealand: an X-ray and Mossbauer study. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 41:4, 539-544.
Kalinite
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Martin, R., Rodgers, K.A., Browne, P.R.L. (1999) The nature and significance of sulphate-rich, aluminous efflorescences from the Te Kopia geothermal field, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine, June 1999, Vol. 63(3), 413-419.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Martin, R., Rodgers, K.A., Browne, P.R.L. (1999) The nature and significance of sulphate-rich, aluminous efflorescences from the Te Kopia geothermal field, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine, June 1999, Vol. 63(3), 413-419.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
'K Feldspar var: '
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
'Leucoxene'
Reference: Cole, J.W. (1970) Petrography of the rhyolite lavas of Tarawera Volcanic Complex, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 13:4, 903-924
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: J. Thornton, ed., Micro-Scope, February 1994
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Collection of RJ Martin
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Martin, R., Rodgers, K.A., Browne, P.R.L. (1999) The nature and significance of sulphate-rich, aluminous efflorescences from the Te Kopia geothermal field, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine, June 1999, Vol. 63(3), 413-419.
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Reference: P. Stoffers, M. Hannington, I. Wright, P. Herzig, C. de Ronde, and Shipboard Scientific Party. Elemental mercury at submarine hydrothermal vents in the Bay of Plenty, Taupo volcanic zone, New Zealand Geology, October, 1999, v. 27, p. 931-934
Meta-alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
Reference: Martin, R., Rodgers, K.A., Browne, P.R.L. (1999) The nature and significance of sulphate-rich, aluminous efflorescences from the Te Kopia geothermal field, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine, June 1999, Vol. 63(3), 413-419.
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: Martin, R., Rodgers, K.A., Browne, P.R.L. (1999) The nature and significance of sulphate-rich, aluminous efflorescences from the Te Kopia geothermal field, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine, June 1999, Vol. 63(3), 413-419.
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
Mullite
Formula: Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Reference: Martin Stolworthy Collection
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: http://www.mightyriver.co.nz/content/599/CR%202005-20%20-%20Geoscientific%20Review%20of%20Kawerau%20Geothermal%20Field.pdf
Muscovite var:
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: http://www.mightyriver.co.nz/content/599/CR%202005-20%20-%20Geoscientific%20Review%20of%20Kawerau%20Geothermal%20Field.pdf
Narsarsukite
Formula: Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/other.htm
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Cody, A.D., Grammer, T.R. (1979) Magnesian halotrichite from White Island. N.Z. Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 22:4, 495-498.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
Opal var:
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Collection of Rod Martin
Opal var:
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Martin, R., Rodgers, K.A., Browne, P.R.L. (1999) The nature and significance of sulphate-rich, aluminous efflorescences from the Te Kopia geothermal field, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine, June 1999, Vol. 63(3), 413-419.
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: J Robertson, (1999) Morphology and Mineralogy of Shallow Submarine Hydrothermal Vents of the Calypso Geothermal Field, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand. The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Cole, J.W. (1970) Petrography of the rhyolite lavas of Tarawera Volcanic Complex. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 13:4, 903-924.
Osumilite-(Mg)
Formula: KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Reference: Grapes, R., Thornton, J., and Howard, D. (1993. Vug minerals in rhyolite, Hendersons Quarry, Mount Ngongotaha, Geological Society of New Zealand, Miscellaneous Publication 79A: 76.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Martin Stolworthy Collection
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Reference: Martin Stolworthy Collection
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Collection of RJ Martin
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Cody, A.D., Grammer, T.R. (1979) Magnesian halotrichite from White Island. N.Z. Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 22:4, 495-498.
Quartz var:
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Collection of RJ Martin
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Schwarz-Schampera, U.,et al. (2007) Cruise Report SONNE 192/2, MANGO. Marine Geoscientific Research on Input and Output in the Tonga-Kermadec Subduction Zone
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: http://www.abdn.ac.uk/geology/profiles/analysis/software.htm recalc of http://www.abdn.ac.uk/geology/profiles/analysis/software.htm recalc of ferrikatophorite data
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Osborne Hutton, C. (1956) Re-Examination of the mineral tuhualite. Mineralogical Magazine 31, 96-106. ; Barclay, J., Carroll, M. R., Houghton, B. F., & Wilson, C. J. N. (1996). Pre-eruptive volatile content and degassing history of an evolving peralkaline volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 74(1-2), 75-87. Buck, M. D., Briggs, R. M., & Nelson, C. S. (1981). Pyroclastic deposits and volcanic history of Mayor Island. New Zealand journal of geology and geophysics, 24(4), 449-467. Ewart, A., Taylor, S. R., & Capp, A. C. (1968). Geochemistry of the pantellerites of Mayor island, New Zealand. Contributions to mineralogy and petrology, 17(2), 116-140. Houghton, B. F., Weaver, S. D., Wilson, C. J., & Lanphere, M. A. (1992). Evolution of a quaternary peralkaline volcano: Mayor Island, New Zealand. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 51(3), 217-236. Stevenson, R. J., Briggs, R. M., & Hodder, A. P. W. (1993). Emplacement history of a low-viscosity, fountain-fed pantelleritic lava flow. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 57(1-2), 39-56.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Collection of Rod Martin
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Morris, N. (2005) Gold and Silver. Appleseed Editions Ltd, East Sussex.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: http://www.mightyriver.co.nz/content/599/CR%202005-20%20-%20Geoscientific%20Review%20of%20Kawerau%20Geothermal%20Field.pdf
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Schwarz-Schampera, U.,et al. (2007) Cruise Report SONNE 192/2, MANGO. Marine Geoscientific Research on Input and Output in the Tonga-Kermadec Subduction Zone
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: White Island. Hamilton and Baumgart, 1959. DSIR Bull. 127. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whakaari/White_Island; Cole, J.W., Thordarson, T., Burt, R.M. (2000) Magma Origin and Evolution of White Island (Whakaari) Volcano, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand. Journal of Petrology, 41(6), 867-895.
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Mackenzie, K.M., Rodgers, K.A., Browne, P.R.L. (1995) Tamarugite, NaAl(SO₄)₂·6H₂O, from Te Kopia, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine 59:4, 754-757.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Martin Stolworthy Collection
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Martin Stolworthy Collection
Tschermigite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Martin, R., Rodgers, K.A., Browne, P.R.L. (1999) The nature and significance of sulphate-rich, aluminous efflorescences from the Te Kopia geothermal field, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine, June 1999, Vol. 63(3), 413-419.
Tuhualite (TL)
Formula: NaFe2+Fe3+Si6O15
Reference: New Zealand J.Sci.Techn.(1932) 13, 198-202. Osborne Hutton, C. (1956) Re-Examination of the mineral tuhualite. Mineralogical Magazine 31, 96-106. ; Barclay, J., Carroll, M. R., Houghton, B. F., & Wilson, C. J. N. (1996). Pre-eruptive volatile content and degassing history of an evolving peralkaline volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 74(1-2), 75-87. Buck, M. D., Briggs, R. M., & Nelson, C. S. (1981). Pyroclastic deposits and volcanic history of Mayor Island. New Zealand journal of geology and geophysics, 24(4), 449-467. Ewart, A., Taylor, S. R., & Capp, A. C. (1968). Geochemistry of the pantellerites of Mayor island, New Zealand. Contributions to mineralogy and petrology, 17(2), 116-140. Houghton, B. F., Weaver, S. D., Wilson, C. J., & Lanphere, M. A. (1992). Evolution of a quaternary peralkaline volcano: Mayor Island, New Zealand. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 51(3), 217-236. Stevenson, R. J., Briggs, R. M., & Hodder, A. P. W. (1993). Emplacement history of a low-viscosity, fountain-fed pantelleritic lava flow. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 57(1-2), 39-56.
Wairakite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: R. Martin collection
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: J. W. COLE, T. THORDARSON, R. M. BURT, Magma Origin and Evolution of White Island (Whakaari) Volcano, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand, Journal of Petrology, Volume 41, Issue 6, June 2000, Pages 867–895,
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Collection of Rod Martin

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Akaganeite4.DK.05(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Hyalite4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-C4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pseudobrookite4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kalinite7.CC.15KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Meta-alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Tamarugite7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Tschermigite7.CC.20(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aenigmatite9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferri-katophorite9.DE.20Na(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-katophorite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ferrosilite9.DA.05FeSiO3
Fluoro-edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Mullite9.AF.20Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Narsarsukite9.DJ.05Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Osumilite-(Mg)9.CM.05KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tuhualite (TL)9.DN.05NaFe2+Fe3+Si6O15
Wairakite9.GB.05Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Halotrichite-Pickeringite Series'-
'Heulandite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Leucoxene'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1