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Ashburton Shire, Western Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Ashburton ShireShire
Western AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

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Key


The Ashburton Shire is 1400 kilometres north of Perth, and occupies the western half of the Pilbara region. It covers 105 647 square kilometres. In comparison, New York State is 141 300 square kilometres and Portugal
92 212 square kilometres. Population is about 10 000 (August 2011). Apart from Onslow, most of the towns were built in the late 1960's for staff working at the iron ore mines.

The region was settled by Europeans in the 1860's, who set up pastoral stations. Onslow was established as a port for the region in 1865. Little development took place until the late 1960's when large scale iron mines were established in the shire, and later extensive oil and gas fields were discovered off the coast.

The economy of the area is based on mining, oil/gas, salt processing, fishing, pastoral stations and tourism. The central and eastern parts of the shire are very scenic occupying the Hamersley Ranges. The Karajini National Park contains arguably Australia's best gorge country. The Chitchester Ranges and Millstream Oasis are also worthy of investigation. The Tom Price iron ore mine conducts tours of their operations. Roads between major towns are sealed, but beyond this the going gets tough. Please be aware certain parts of the shire are remote and mountainous, and travellers should be prepared.

The geology of the region is complex and volumes have been written about it. Space here largely is limited to naming the rock units. Geologists travel internationally to view the region.

The shire occupies the western portion of the Pilbara Craton, and the Capricorn Orogeny to its south. The Pilbara Craton is one of only two pristine Archaean aged cratons in the world. The craton in the west Pilbara is a granite-greenstone sequence, with a series of layered mafic-ultramafic intrusions, and overlain by an extensive sequence of Archaean and later metasediments. The Pilbara granite-greenstone terrane is a collection of dome shaped composite granite bodies each up to 100 kilometres across. South of the craton is the Capricorn Orogeny containing the McGrath and Ashburton Troughs. Sedimentary rocks constitute this, which has undergone complex structural evolution developing major folds and thrusts.

The lowest unit in the Hamersley Province is the Fortescue Group, then the Hamersley Group, and finally the Turee Creek Group.

The lowest unit in the Fortescue Group is the Bellary Formation of subaerial mafic lava; Mount Roe Formation of again subaerial mafic lava; Hardey Formation of ferrugenous and/or tuffaceous sedimentary rocks, mafic lava, and/or felsic volcanic rock; Boongal Formation of subaqueous mafic lava; Pyradie Formation of subaqueous tuff, mafic lava, spinifex textured basalt and komatiite; Bunjinah Formation of subaqueous mafic lava; and the highest in the Fortescue group being the Jeerinah Formation which in the shire consists of a thick sequence of alternating pillow basalt and dolerite with minor tuff.

The Hamersley Group's lowest member is the Marra Mamba Iron Formation, containing the Nammuldi, McLeod and Mount Newman Members; Wittenoom Formation of carbonate sedimentary rocks; Mount Sylvia and Mount McRae Shale of mudrock, sandstone and shale; the Colonial Chert Member, Brockman Iron Formation containing the Dale Gorge, Whaleback Shale, Joffre and Yandicoogina Shale Members; Weeli Wolli Iron Formation; Woongarra Volcanics; and the highest in the Hamersley Group is the Boolgeeda Iron Formation.

The Turee Creek Supersequence contains siltstone, sandstone conglomerate, carbonate sedimentary rocks, mudrock and sandstone.

In the south and south-west portion of the shire is the Capricorn Orogeny containing the Beasley River quartzite; Cheela Springs basalt, and Wooley dolomite in the McGrath Trough. Mount McGrath conglomerate; Duck Creek dolomite; Ashburton Formation and the Capricorn Formation in the Ashburton Trough. Altogether they form the Wyloo Group.

Specimens from the iron ore mines are rare due to the large scale mining which takes place. Any specimens would normally be destroyed in this process. The south-western portion of the shire contains a number of small historic copper and lead mines. Paulsens is an active gold mine in the area, as well as an amethyst specimen mine at Wyloo. This has historically been operated producing some of Australia's best amethyst specimens. Rare arsenide specimens are seen from Bali Lo, in remote country in the southern part of the shire. The world's best tiger eye is sold widely international from near Mount Brockman. Slabbed rhyolite from Turee Creek, but this is usually only seen in local collections. There is also a jasper lease in the far south-east portion of the shire.

Public fossicking sites are non-existent, but the vast area makes exploration worthwhile. The towns in the shire have limited facilities, and usually no accommodation. There is a specimen shop at Wittenoom. The town was closed and demolished due to the asbestos fibres surrounding it, but the specimen shop refused to go (glad the most important thing in the town remained). Please be careful in the former town and visiting the asbestos mine is not recommended (read the article against the locality on Mindat).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

146 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

''
Localities:
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Aheylite
Formula: (Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Fetherston, J.M. (2010) Dimension stone in Western Australia: Volume 2 - Dimension stones of the southern, central western, and northern regions: Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 24, 218 pages.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86.
Arsenogorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Frost, R. L., Xi, Y., & Pogson, R. E. (2012). Raman spectroscopic study of the mineral arsenogorceixite BaAl 3 AsO 3 (OH)(AsO 4, PO 4)(OH, F) 6. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 91, 301-306.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Arsentsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Ashburtonite (TL)
Formula: Pb4Cu4(Si4O12)(HCO3)4(OH)3Cl · H2O
Reference: Amer.Min.(1991) 76, 1701-1707
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Martin, D.McB., Sheppard, S., Thorne, A. (2005) Geology of the Maroonah, Ullawarra, Capricorn, Mangaroon, Edmund, and Elliott Creek 1:100 000 sheets: Western Australia Geological Survey, 1:100 000 Geological Series Explanatory Notes, 65p.
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Fetherston, J., Stocklmeyer, V., Stocklmeyer, S.(2013): Gemstones of Western Australia, Geological Survey of Western Australia (2013): p 245
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Maitland, A. Gibb (1919) The Copper Deposits of Western Australia, Geological Survey of Western Australia, State Government of Western Australia.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 72, pages 401-403, 1987
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Ferguson, K.M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 15.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia.
Cattiite
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Ceruleite
Formula: Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Chalcophanite
Formula: ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Chrysotile ?
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: David Sheumack collection
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: David Sheumack collection
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Ferguson, K.M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 15.
Cumengeite
Formula: Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Tile ore
Formula: Cu2O
Cuproroméite
Formula: Cu2Sb2(O,OH)7
Reference: Min. Record 24,203-218(1993); Nickel, E., Gartrell, B(1993): Secondary Minerals from Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993):24:3:203-218
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Greg Dainty
Danielsite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Ag)14HgS8
Type Locality:
Reference: Nickel, E. H. (1987): Danielsite: a new sulfide mineral from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 72, 401-403.
Diaboleite
Formula: Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: Barley, M.E., Pickard, A.L., Hagemann, S.G., and Folkert, S.L. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 784-789.
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Eulytine
Formula: Bi4(SiO4)3
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gartrellite (TL)
Formula: Pb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Reference: [Austral.Mineral.(1989) 4, 83-89. Nickel, E.H., Gartrell, B.J. (1993) Secondary Minerals of Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993) 24:3: 203-218.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Marston, R.J. (1979) Copper Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 13, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 208p.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hinsdalite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Ferguson, K.M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 15.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Kasolite
Formula: Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
'K Feldspar'
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 3, p496
Laurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
'Leucoxene'
Reference: Fetherston, J.M. (2010), Dimension Stone in Western Australia, Vol 2, Mineral Resources Bulletin 24, Dept of Mines and Petroleum, State Government of Western Australia, 2010
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Luetheite
Formula: Cu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
'Manganese Oxides'
Mansfieldite
Formula: AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Ferguson, K.M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 15.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Mawbyite
Formula: Pb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Reference: Australian J. Mineralogy 13(1),31-39(2007)
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Mica Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Minnesotaite
Formula: Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia.
'Molybdenum'
Formula: Mo
Description: (no evidence for native element)
Reference: www.australian-shares.com/mining/ZNC-Zenith exploration company report to the Australian share market
'Monazite'
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Ostwald, J. (1985): An Occurrence of ɛ-FeOOH in a Black Shale. Mineralogical Magazine: 49: 139-140
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Osarizawaite
Formula: Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Paralaurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Perroudite
Formula: Hg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Philipsbornite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Fetherston, J.M. (2010) Dimension stone in Western Australia: Volume 2 - Dimension stones of the southern, central western, and northern regions: Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 24, 218 pages.
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Reference: Am Min 72:1251-1256; American Mineralogist, Volume 72, pages 401-403, 1987
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 77 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: austgems
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Greg Andrew photo and specimen
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Jasper
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Riebeckite Root Name'
Formula: ◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Riebeckite Root Name var: Crocidolite'
Formula: ◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia.
Rutile var: Nigrine
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia.
Rutile var: Strüverite
Formula: (Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Fetherston, J.M. (2010) Dimension stone in Western Australia: Volume 2 - Dimension stones of the southern, central western, and northern regions: Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 24, 218 pages.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Silver
Formula: Ag
Silver var: Native Amalgam
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Simpson, Edward S. (1948) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 1 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, p 397.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Ferguson, K.M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 15.
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 72, pages 401-403, 1987
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Reference: Australian J. Mineralogy 13(1),31-39(2007)
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Gibb-Maitland, A. (1919), The Lead Deposits of Western Australia, GSWA, State Government of Western Australia, 1919
Tetraferriannite (TL)
Formula: KFe2+3(Si3Fe3+)O10(OH)2
Reference: Miyano, T., Klein, C. (1983): Conditions of Reibeckite Formation In The Iron Formation Of The Dales Gorge Member, Hamersley Group, Western Australia, American Mineralogist (1983): 68: 517-529
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
'Tetrahedrite var: Argentian Tetrahedrite'
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 72, pages 401-403, 1987
'Tiger Iron'
Reference: Kim Macdonald
'Tiger's Eye'
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Gibb-Maitland, A. (1919), The Lead Deposits of Western Australia, GSWA, State Government of Western Australia, 1919
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia.
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Martin, D.McB., Sheppard, S., Thorne, A. (2005) Geology of the Maroonah, Ullawarra, Capricorn, Mangaroon, Edmund, and Elliott Creek 1:100 000 sheets: Western Australia Geological Survey, 1:100 000 Geological Series Explanatory Notes, 65p.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmaline var: Achroite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Fetherston, J.M. (2010), Dimension Stone in Western Australia, Vol 2, Mineral Resources Bulletin 24, Dept of Mines and Petroleum, State Government of Western Australia, 2010
Tranquillityite
Formula: (Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Reference: Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86.
Tripuhyite
Formula: Fe3+Sb5+O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tsumcorite
Formula: PbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Tungsten
Formula: W
Description: (no evidence for native element)
Reference: www.australian-shares.com/mining/ZNC-Zenith exploration company report to the Australian share market.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
'UM1985-08-OH:Fe'
Formula: ɛ-FeOOH
Reference: Ostwald, J. (1985): An Occurrence of ɛ-FeOOH in a Black Shale. Mineralogical Magazine: 49: 139-140
'UM1985-13-S:AgCu'
Formula: Ag6Cu3S4
Reference: Nickel, E.H. (1985): An unusual assemblage of supergene minerals near Coppin Pool, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences: 32(3): 311-321
'UM1985-19-S:AgHg'
Formula: Ag4HgS2
Reference: Nickel, E.H. (1985): An unusual assemblage of supergene minerals near Coppin Pool, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences: 32(3): 311-321
'UM1985-21-S:ClCuPb'
Formula: (Cu,Pb)2SCl2
Reference: Nickel, E.H. (1985): An unusual assemblage of supergene minerals near Coppin Pool, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences: 32(3): 311-321
'UM1985-22-S:ClCuPb'
Formula: (Pb,Cu)2SCl2
Reference: Nickel, E.H. (1985): An unusual assemblage of supergene minerals near Coppin Pool, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences: 32(3): 311-321
'Unnamed (Ag-Hg Sulphide-Halide)'
Formula: Ag-Hg-S-Cl ?
Reference: Nickel, E.H. (1985): An unusual assemblage of supergene minerals near Coppin Pool, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences: 32(3): 311-321
'Unnamed (Amorphous Pb-Mn Hydroxide)'
Formula: Pb-Mn-O-H (?)
Reference: Nickel, E.H. (1985): An unusual assemblage of supergene minerals near Coppin Pool, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences: 32(3): 311-321
'Unnamed (Covellite-like Mineral)'
Formula: Cu-Pb-Ag-S-Cl (?)
Reference: Nickel, E.H. (1985): An unusual assemblage of supergene minerals near Coppin Pool, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences: 32(3): 311-321
'Unnamed (Cu-Ag Sulphide III)'
Formula: Cu-Ag-S
Reference: Nickel, E.H. (1985): An unusual assemblage of supergene minerals near Coppin Pool, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences: 32(3): 311-321
'Unnamed (Hydrated Copper Sulphide)'
Formula: Cu-S-O-H (?)
Reference: Nickel, E.H. (1985): An unusual assemblage of supergene minerals near Coppin Pool, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences: 32(3): 311-321
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 72, pages 401-403, 1987
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Reference: Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Gold1.AA.05Au
'Molybdenum' ?1.AE.05Mo
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var: Native Amalgam1.AA.05(Ag,Hg)
Tungsten ?1.AE.05W
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Breithauptite2.CC.05NiSb
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Danielsite (TL)2.BD.15(Cu,Ag)14HgS8
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Perroudite2.FC.20cHg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
'var: Argentian Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cumengeite3.DB.20Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Diaboleite3.DB.05Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Laurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Paralaurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Carnotite4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chalcophanite4.FL.20ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Tile ore4.AA.10Cu2O
Cuproroméite4.DH.20Cu2Sb2(O,OH)7
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite4.FD.10Mn3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
var: Nigrine4.DB.05TiO2
var: Strüverite4.DB.05(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Tripuhyite4.DB.05Fe3+Sb5+O4
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Osarizawaite7.BC.10Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adamite8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Aheylite8.DD.15(Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Arsenogorceixite8.BL.10BaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsentsumebite8.BG.05Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Bayldonite8.BH.45PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Carminite8.BH.30PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cattiite8.CE.50Mg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
Ceruleite8.DE.25Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Chenevixite8.DD.05Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Clinoclase8.BE.20Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Corkite8.BL.05PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornubite8.BD.30Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite8.BD.05Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Duftite8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Gartrellite (TL)8.CG.20Pb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Hidalgoite8.BL.05PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hinsdalite8.BL.05PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Lavendulan8.DG.05NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Luetheite8.DD.05Cu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Mansfieldite8.CD.10AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Mawbyite8.CG.15Pb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Philipsbornite8.BL.10PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Segnitite8.BL.10PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Tsumcorite8.CG.15PbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Ashburtonite (TL)9.CF.05Pb4Cu4(Si4O12)(HCO3)4(OH)3Cl · H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile ?9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Eulytine9.AD.40Bi4(SiO4)3
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kasolite9.AK.15Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Minnesotaite9.EC.05Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tetraferriannite (TL)9.EC.20KFe2+3(Si3Fe3+)O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tranquillityite9.AG.90(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
''-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Axinite Group'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'Leucoxene'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-