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Coolgardie Shire, Western Australia, Australiai
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Coolgardie ShireShire
Western AustraliaState
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Key


The Shire of Coolgardie is 558 kilometres east of Perth. It is part of the Goldfields Region, a major mining area for Western Australia. The shire covers 30 400 square kilometres. It is approximately the same size as Belgium. The administrative centre for the shire is the town of Coolgardie itself with 800 people. The only other significant town in the shire is the nickel mining centre of Kambalda.

The shire is within the Western Woodland Region, the largest semi-arid woodland in the world, and biologically significant. The landscape is flat with occasional hills and salt-pans. The economy is based on mining (gold, nickel, tantalum), pastoral stations and tourism.

Attractions are largely based in Coolgardie with several museums detailing history from the goldrush days. The town also has a specimen shop, run by a local specimen miner. Opening hours are when you knock on the door at his house next to the shop.

The shire sits in the Yilgarn Craton, with several greenstone belts hosting gold deposits, lithium pegmatites, and komatiite hosted nickel deposits.

There is extensive mining in the area. The number of historic gold mines in the shire would run into the hundreds and cannot be all listed on Mindat. Modern gold mining is rampant in virtually all the shire, with a particular concentration around the town of Coolgardie and south of here. There are many abandoned gold mines which can be investigated hidden in the scrub. Please be aware of leases, and fossicking licence requirements, especially if metal detecting. The shire experiences high summer temperatures, a lack of water, and getting lost is easy in the thick scrub.

The Kambalda area also contains a large number of nickel mines started in the early 1970's, while tantalum is presently mined in the eastern area of the shire.

Specimen locations are many. Lots of specimens, some rare species, have come from the Londonderry pegmatite south of Coolgardie. Amblygonite specimens have also been seen from the Ubini pegmatite, verdelite and minor emerald specimens from locations around the town. Surprisingly gold specimens less so. Modern mines process the material, and gold found with metal detectors rarely come with exact location details. The Perth Mint is a good example. It has a collection of gold nuggets for sale to mainly Chinese tourists, but the staff are unaware of the location details for any of them.

Rare secondary nickel species come from the Otter Shoot mine near Kambalda, and the 132 North mine near Widgiemooltha. The area around Spargoville contains several historic and modern leased specimen mines, especially tourmaline and rose quartz. Possibly the world's best ferrocolumbite crystals have come from Giles Prospect in this area.

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Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

206 valid minerals. 6 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: John Walshe, 2018, key elements in the formation of progenitor gold deposits: lessons from the Yilgarn. Garry Davidson symposium. Unpublished Presentation, CODES. University of Tasmania
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Xue, Y., Campbell, I (2014), The Mineralogy of the Bellerophon-Nelson Telluride Bearing gold Deposit St Ives Camp, Canadian Mineralogist 52 p981-1006 2014
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Albite var. Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Pegmatites of Western Australia; M Jacobson, M Calderwood, B Grguric; Hesperian Press, Perth, 2007
Albite var. Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Wilkins, R.W.T., Davidson, L.R., and Ross, J.R. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 28, 280-287.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Witt, W.K., Knight, J.T., Mikucki, E.J. (1997) A Synmetamorphic Lateral Fluid Flow Model for Gold Mineralisation in the Archean Southern Kalgoorlie and Norseman Terraces Western Australia, Economic Geology, 92:407-437, 1997. Eilu, Pasi. (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits, Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003, Rovaniemi, Finland, 72p.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Geological Society of Australia, 12th Annual Convention, Excursion Guidebook 8, Ore Deposits of the Eastern Goldfields WA Sept 1994
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Reference: M. Jacobson, M. Calderwood, B Grguric; Pegmatites of Western Australia; (Perth 2007)
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Euli, P. (2003), Orogenic Gold Deposits, Fennoscanndian Exploratory Mining, 2003
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: MINEDEX Database 2006.
Andalusite var. Chiastolite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Fetherston, J., Stocklmayer, S., Stocklmayer, V.(2013): Gemstones of WA, Geological Survey of WA
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Hudson, D.R. (1986) Platinum-group minerals from the Kambalda nickel deposits, Western Australia, Economic Geology, Vol 81, No.5 pp.1218-1225.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Xue, Y., Campbell, I (2014), The Mineralogy of the Bellerophon-Nelson Telluride Bearing gold Deposit St Ives Camp, Canadian Mineralogist 52 p981-1006 2014
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Neumayr, P., Walshe, J., Hagemann, S., Petersen, K., Roache, A., Frikken, P., Horn, L., and Halley, S. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 363-371.; Steffen Robertson and Kirsten Pty Ltd (2004), An Independent Technical Report on the St Ives Gold Mine, Goldfields Ltd and Iamgold Corp, 2004
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Anthophyllite
Formula: ◻{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Nepean Nickel Deposit, Archaean of Western Australian Shield, Yilgarn Block Nickel; N.R, Sheppy and J. Rowe; Senior Mine Geologist and Mine Geologist at Nepean Nickel Mine.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Marston, R. J., Kay, B. D. (1980) The Distribution, Petrology, and Genesis of Nickel Ores at the Juan Complex, Kambalda, Western Australia, Economic Geology (1980) Vol. 75, No.4, pp.546-565.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Grguric, B. A. & Downes, P. J. (2008): Pegmatite minerals from the Barabara mine, Coolgardie, Western Australia. Australian J. of Mineralogy 14, 55-60.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: [MinRec 25:291]; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: Neumayr, P., Walshe, J., Hagemann, S., Petersen, K., Roache, A., Frikken, P., Horn, L., and Halley, S. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 363-371.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Eardleyite as a Product of the Supergene Alteration of Nickel Sulphides; E Nickel, C Davis, M Bussell, P Bridge, J Dunn, R Macdonald; American MIneralogist, Vol 62, pp449-457, 1977
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 3, 454
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Hudson, D.R. (1986) Platinum-group minerals from the Kambalda nickel deposits, Western Australia, Economic Geology, Vol 81, No.5 pp.1218-1225.
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Report of the Department of Mines for the State of Western Australia for the Year 1942, pp 84-85.
Beryl var. Alkali-beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var. Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Min News 21:7 p 8
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 67 localities in this region.
Reference: Min News 20:6 pp1,2,5,6
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Bridge, P.J., Pryce, M.W. (1974) Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO₄, a new mineral from Yinnietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39:308, 847-849.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Bridge, P. J. & Pryce, M. W. (1974): Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO4, a new mineral from Yinnietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39: 847-9
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Bridge, P. J. & Pryce, M. W. (1974): Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO4, a new mineral from Yinnietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39: 847-9
Bismutotantalite ?
Formula: Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Reference: Grguric, B. A. & Downes, P. J. (2008): Pegmatite minerals from the Barabara mine, Coolgardie, Western Australia. Australian J. of Mineralogy 14, 55-60.
Bityite
Formula: LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Buckhornite
Formula: AuPb2BiTe2S3
Reference: Xue, Y., Campbell, I (2014), The Mineralogy of the Bellerophon-Nelson Telluride Bearing gold Deposit St Ives Camp, Canadian Mineralogist 52 p981-1006 2014
Bunsenite
Formula: NiO
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Personal communication from Robert Noble.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Carrboydite
Formula: (Ni1-xAlx)(SO4)x/2(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: [MinRec 25:287]; Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Grguric, B. A. & Downes, P. J. (2008): Pegmatite minerals from the Barabara mine, Coolgardie, Western Australia. Australian J. of Mineralogy 14, 55-60.
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: John Walshe, 2018, key elements in the formation of progenitor gold deposits: lessons from the Yilgarn. Garry Davidson symposium. Unpublished Presentation, CODES. University of Tasmania
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1974 39 : 737-743
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Xue, Y., Campbell, I (2014), The Mineralogy of the Bellerophon-Nelson Telluride Bearing gold Deposit St Ives Camp, Canadian Mineralogist 52 p981-1006 2014
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Reference: Alcock, R. (1979). The Composition of Ni. Sulfide Ores, with Particular Reference to Their Content of Pge and Au. Canadian Mineralogist 17:403-415; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 1, p 392 (as part of Butterfly GM at location)
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 60 localities in this region.
Reference: Neumayr, P., Walshe, J., Hagemann, S., Petersen, K., Roache, A., Frikken, P., Horn, L., and Halley, S. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 363-371.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: No reference listed
Clinoatacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Colchester et al., 2007
Clinobisvanite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Reference: Eugene Carmichael collection. Bridge, P.J., Pryce, M.W. (1974) Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO₄, a new mineral from Yinnietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39:308, 847-849.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Marston, R. J., Kay, B. D. (1980) The Distribution, Petrology, and Genesis of Nickel Ores at the Juan Complex, Kambalda, Western Australia, Economic Geology (1980) Vol. 75, No.4, pp.546-565.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Nepean Nickel Deposit, Archaean of Western Australian Shield, Yilgarn Block Nickel; N.R, Sheppy and J. Rowe; Senior Mine Geologist and Mine Geologist at Nepean Nickel Mine.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Nepean Nickel Deposit, Archaean of Western Australian Shield, Yilgarn Block Nickel; N.R, Sheppy and J. Rowe; Senior Mine Geologist and Mine Geologist at Nepean Nickel Mine.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Bath, A. et al (2013), Biotite and Apatite as Tools for Tracking Pathways of Oxidised Fluids in the Archaean East Repulse Gold Deposit, Econ Geol, July 2013
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: In the collection of Brent Thorne.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Min News 20:6 pp1,2,5,6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:256
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Keith Compton collection
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Western Mail newspaper (Perth) (1896), Native Copper Struck in the Golden Bar, 19/06/1896
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Nepean Nickel Deposit, Archaean of Western Australian Shield, Yilgarn Block Nickel; N.R, Sheppy and J. Rowe; Senior Mine Geologist and Mine Geologist at Nepean Nickel Mine.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 2, p 118
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
'Cryophyllite'
Reference: Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 3, p 63
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Nepean Nickel Deposit, Archaean of Western Australian Shield, Yilgarn Block Nickel; N.R, Sheppy and J. Rowe; Senior Mine Geologist and Mine Geologist at Nepean Nickel Mine.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ◻{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Nepean Nickel Deposit, Archaean of Western Australian Shield, Yilgarn Block Nickel; N.R, Sheppy and J. Rowe; Senior Mine Geologist and Mine Geologist at Nepean Nickel Mine.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Western Mail newspaper (Perth) (1896), Native Copper Struck in the Golden Bar, 19/06/1896
Danalite ?
Formula: Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Description: All samples analysed were helvite.
Reference: Grguric, B. A. & Downes, P. J. (2008): Pegmatite minerals from the Barabara mine, Coolgardie, Western Australia. Australian J. of Mineralogy 14, 55-60.
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Description: Zincian Daubréelite
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Short course notes to accomapny hand specimen display. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003, Rovaniemi, Finland, December 2003. Bucci, L.A., Hagemann, S.G., Groves, D.I., Standing, J.G. (2002) The Archean Chalice gold deposit: a record of complex, multistage, high-temperature hydrothermal activity and gold mineralisation associated with granitic rocks in the Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, 19:1, 23-67.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Eastonite
Formula: KMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Report of the Department of Mines for the State of Western Australia for the Year 1942, pp 84-85.
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Carroll. J (2002)
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Neumayr, P., Walshe, J., Hagemann, S., Petersen, K., Roache, A., Frikken, P., Horn, L., and Halley, S. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 363-371.
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Sue Koepke collection
Eucryptite
Formula: LiAlSiO4
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: Nepean Nickel Deposit, Archaean of Western Australian Shield, Yilgarn Block Nickel; N.R, Sheppy and J. Rowe; Senior Mine Geologist and Mine Geologist at Nepean Nickel Mine.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: Western Mail newspaper (Perth) (1899), Coolgardie Section, 05/05/1899
'Feldspar Group var. Perthite'
Reference: Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 3, p 220
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Reference: Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 3, p 63
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:407-437
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Economic Geology (1997) 92:407-437.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:407-437
Gaspéite
Formula: NiCO3
Habit: Veins up to 50cm thick.
Colour: Apple green
Reference: Am.Min.: 78: 819-821.; Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Gillardite (TL)
Formula: Cu3Ni(OH)6Cl2
Type Locality:
Reference: Australian J. Mineralogy 13(1), 15-17(2007); Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Reference: Eardleyite as a Product of the Supergene Alteration of Nickel Sulphides; E Nickel, C Davis, M Bussell, P Bridge, J Dunn, R Macdonald; American MIneralogist, Vol 62, pp449-457, 1977
Glaukosphaerite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Pryce, M. W. and Just, J. (1974): Glaukosphaerite: A New Nickel Analogue of Rosasite. Mineralogical Magazine. 39, 737-743
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 162 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Graphite
Formula: C
Description: rare
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972); Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998): Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Hudson, D.R., Robinson, B.W., Vigers, R.B.W. (1978) Zoned michenerite-testibiopalladite from Kambalda, Western Australia, The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 16 May 1978, pp.121-126.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Bridge, P.J. (1977) Nickelblödite, Na₂Ni(SO₄)₂.4H₂O, a new mineral from Western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine, March 1977, Vol.41 pp.37-41.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 3, p306
Hawleyite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Hudson, D.R., Robinson, B.W., Vigers, R.B.W. (1978) Zoned michenerite-testibiopalladite from Kambalda, Western Australia, The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 16 May 1978, pp.121-126.
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: McQueen, K.G. (1981) The nature and metamorphic history of the Wannaway nickel deposit, Western Australia. Economic Geology 1981, Vol. 76(6), pp.1444-1468.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 2, p 572
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Grguric, B. A. & Downes, P. J. (2008): Pegmatite minerals from the Barabara mine, Coolgardie, Western Australia. Australian J. of Mineralogy 14, 55-60.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: No reference listed; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Holmquistite
Formula: ◻{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Reference: Witt, W.K., Knight, J.T., Mikucki, E.J. (1997) A Synmetamorphic Lateral Fluid Flow Model for Gold Mineralisation in the Archean Southern Kalgoorlie and Norseman Terraces Western Australia, Economic Geology, 92:407-437, 1997. Eilu, Pasi. (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits, Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003, Rovaniemi, Finland, 72p.
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Hydrohonessite (TL)
Formula: (Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1981 44 : 333-337.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Witt, W.K., Knight, J.T., Mikucki, E.J. (1997) A Synmetamorphic Lateral Fluid Flow Model for Gold Mineralisation in the Archean Southern Kalgoorlie and Norseman Terraces Western Australia, Economic Geology, 92:407-437, 1997. Eilu, Pasi. (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits, Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003, Rovaniemi, Finland, 72p.
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Reference: Hudson, D.R. (1986) Platinum-group minerals from the Kambalda nickel deposits, Western Australia, Economic Geology, Vol 81, No.5 pp.1218-1225.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Description: Si-rich, characteristic of all Enstatite chondrites
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
Iron var. Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Description: Si-rich, characteristic of all Enstatite chondrites
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: Grguric, B. A. & Downes, P. J. (2008): Pegmatite minerals from the Barabara mine, Coolgardie, Western Australia. Australian J. of Mineralogy 14, 55-60.
Kambaldaite (TL)
Formula: NaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2O
Reference: AM 70 (1985), 419
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Witt, W.K., Knight, J.T., Mikucki, E.J. (1997) A Synmetamorphic Lateral Fluid Flow Model for Gold Mineralisation in the Archean Southern Kalgoorlie and Norseman Terraces Western Australia, Economic Geology, 92:407-437, 1997.
Kaolinite var. Chrome-Kaolinite
Formula: (Al,Cr)2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 3, p 236; Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 3, p 26
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Short course notes to accomapny hand specimen display. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003, Rovaniemi, Finland, December 2003. Bucci, L.A., Hagemann, S.G., Groves, D.I., Standing, J.G. (2002) The Archean Chalice gold deposit: a record of complex, multistage, high-temperature hydrothermal activity and gold mineralisation associated with granitic rocks in the Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, 19:1, 23-67.
Koechlinite
Formula: Bi2MoO6
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1093.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: MINEDEX Database 2006.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
'Lepidolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Mackintosh, E. E., Lewis, D. G., & Greenland, D. J. (1971). Dodecylammonium mica complexes. I. Factors affecting the exchange reaction. Clays and Clay minerals, 19, 209-218.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Fetherston, J.M. (2010), Dimension Stone in Western Australia, Volume 2, Mineral Resources Bulletin 24, Department of Mines and Petroleum, State Government of Western Australia, 2010
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Ostwald, J (1978) Linnaeite series minerals from the Kalgoorlie district, Western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine (Mar 1978) Vol.42 pp.93-98.
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Reference: Eardleyite as a Product of the Supergene Alteration of Nickel Sulphides; E Nickel, C Davis, M Bussell, P Bridge, J Dunn, R Macdonald; American MIneralogist, Vol 62, pp449-457, 1977
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Econ Geol (1986) 81:1218-1225
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Nepean Nickel Deposit, Archaean of Western Australian Shield, Yilgarn Block Nickel; N.R, Sheppy and J. Rowe; Senior Mine Geologist and Mine Geologist at Nepean Nickel Mine.
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Reference: Wilkins, R.W.T., Davidson, L.R., and Ross, J.R. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 28, 280-287.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: [MinRec 25:290]; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:1697-1704
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Pryce, M. W. and Just, J. (1974): Glaukosphaerite: A New Nickel Analogue of Rosasite. Mineralogical Magazine. 39, 737-743
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Grguric, B. A. & Downes, P. J. (2008): Pegmatite minerals from the Barabara mine, Coolgardie, Western Australia. Australian J. of Mineralogy 14, 55-60.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: J. F. Carpentier collection; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Merenskyite
Formula: PdTe2
Reference: Hudson, D.R. (1986) Platinum-group minerals from the Kambalda nickel deposits, Western Australia, Economic Geology, Vol 81, No.5 pp.1218-1225.
'Mica Group'
Reference: Ahmed A et all (2014), The Invincible Deposit, Australian Institute of Geoscientists Symposia Kalgoorlie 08 Oct -10 Oct 2014
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Reference: Hudson, D.R. (1986) Platinum-group minerals from the Kambalda nickel deposits, Western Australia, Economic Geology, Vol 81, No.5 pp.1218-1225. Hudson, D.R., Robinson, B.W., Vigers, R.B.W. (1978) Zoned michenerite-testibiopalladite from Kambalda, Western Australia, The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 16 May 1978, pp.121-126.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Jacobson, M., Calderwood, M., Grguric, B.(2007): Pegmatites of Western Australia
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Naldrett, A.J. (2004): Magmatic Sulfide Deposits. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 740 pp.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1986) 81:1218-1225
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 826.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Moraesite
Formula: Be2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
Reference: Pinch, W.W. (1978) Rare minerals report. Mineralogical Record, 9(2): 113-114.
Motukoreaite
Formula: Mg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Reference: Min News 20:6 pp1,2,5,6
Muscovite var. Damourite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Jacobson., M (2007), Pegmatites of WA
Muscovite var. Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Steffen Robertson and Kirsten Pty Ltd (2004), An Independent Technical Report on the St Ives Gold Mine WA 01/07/2004
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
Mushistonite
Formula: (Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Natanite
Formula: Fe2+[Sn(OH)6]
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection. Nestola, F., Mills, S.J., Periotto, B., Scandolo, L. (2013): The alunite supergroup under high pressure: the case of natrojarosite, NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 3007-3017.
Népouite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Nickelblödite (TL)
Formula: Na2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Bridge, P.J. (1977) Nickelblödite, Na₂Ni(SO₄)₂.4H₂O, a new mineral from Western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine, March 1977, Vol.41 pp.37-41.
Nickelhexahydrite
Formula: (Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Peter Eliott
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Grguric, B. A. & Downes, P. J. (2008): Pegmatite minerals from the Barabara mine, Coolgardie, Western Australia. Australian J. of Mineralogy 14, 55-60.
Nullaginite
Formula: Ni2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Fetherston, J.M., Stocklmayer, S.M., Stocklmayer, V.C. (2013) Gemstones of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 25, 306 pages.
Opal var. Common Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Fetherston, J., Stocklmayer, S., Stocklmayer, V.(2013): Gemstones of WA, Geological Survey of WA
Opal var. Precious Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Fetherston, J.M., Stocklmayer, S.M., Stocklmayer, V.C. (2013) Gemstones of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 25, 306 pages.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 3, P453
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291 pages. 
Osbornite
Formula: TiN
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
Otwayite
Formula: Ni2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Palladoarsenide
Formula: Pd2As
Reference: Econ Geol (1986) 81:1218-1225
'Papikeite'
Formula: NaMg2(Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
Reference: John Walshe, 2018, key elements in the formation of progenitor gold deposits: lessons from the Yilgarn. Garry Davidson symposium. Unpublished Presentation, CODES. University of Tasmania
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Pecoraite
Formula: Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:1697-1704; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Reference: Report of the Department of Mines for the State of Western Australia for the Year 1942, pp 84-85.
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Min News 21:7 p 8
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: Jacobson, M., Calderwood, M., Grguric, B.(2007): Pegmatites of Western Australia
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: In the collection of Brent Thorne
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Witt, W.K., Knight, J.T., Mikucki, E.J. (1997) A Synmetamorphic Lateral Fluid Flow Model for Gold Mineralisation in the Archean Southern Kalgoorlie and Norseman Terraces Western Australia, Economic Geology, 92:407-437, 1997.
Pucherite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Reference: Bridge, P.J., Pryce, M.W. (1974) Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO₄, a new mineral from Yinnietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39:308, 847-849. Report of the Department of Mines for the State of Western Australia for the Year 1942, pp 84-85.
Putnisite
Formula: SrCa4Cr3+8(CO3)8SO4(OH)16 · 23H2O
Reference: Steve Sorrell Collection
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 77 localities in this region.
Reference: Alcock, R. (1979). The Composition of Ni. Sulfide Ores, with Particular Reference to Their Content of Pge and Au. Canadian Mineralogist 17:403-415; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Grguric, B. A. & Downes, P. J. (2008): Pegmatite minerals from the Barabara mine, Coolgardie, Western Australia. Australian J. of Mineralogy 14, 55-60.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Localities: Reported from at least 65 localities in this region.
Reference: Alcock, R. (1979). The Composition of Ni. Sulfide Ores, with Particular Reference to Their Content of Pge and Au. Canadian Mineralogist 17:403-415; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 116 localities in this region.
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Quartz var. Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Kim Macdonald collection;
Quartz var. Jasper
Reference: The Daily News newspaper (Perth) (1920), Mining Paris Gold Mine, 03/03/1920
Quartz var. Prase
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var. Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Fetherston, J.M., Stocklmayer, S.M., Stocklmayer, V.C. (2013) Gemstones of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 25, 306 pages.
Quartz var. Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia.
Reevesite
Formula: Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Reference: Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Retgersite
Formula: NiSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Grguric, B. A. & Downes, P. J. (2008): Pegmatite minerals from the Barabara mine, Coolgardie, Western Australia. Australian J. of Mineralogy 14, 55-60.
Rickardite
Formula: Cu7Te5
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Rucklidgeite
Formula: PbBi2Te4
Reference: Hudson, D.R. (1986) Platinum-group minerals from the Kambalda nickel deposits, Western Australia, Economic Geology, Vol 81, No.5 pp.1218-1225. Hudson, D.R., Robinson, B.W., Vigers, R.B.W. (1978) Zoned michenerite-testibiopalladite from Kambalda, Western Australia, The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 16 May 1978, pp.121-126.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Xue, Y., Campbell, I (2014), The Mineralogy of the Bellerophon-Nelson Telluride Bearing gold Deposit St Ives Camp, Canadian Mineralogist 52 p981-1006 2014
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Witt, W.K., Knight, J.T., Mikucki, E.J. (1997) A Synmetamorphic Lateral Fluid Flow Model for Gold Mineralisation in the Archean Southern Kalgoorlie and Norseman Terraces Western Australia, Economic Geology, 92:407-437, 1997.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Min News 20:6 pp1,2,5,6
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Nepean Nickel Deposit, Archaean of Western Australian Shield, Yilgarn Block Nickel; N.R, Sheppy and J. Rowe; Senior Mine Geologist and Mine Geologist at Nepean Nickel Mine.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Reference: Ostwald, J (1978) Linnaeite series minerals from the Kalgoorlie district, Western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine (Mar 1978) Vol.42 pp.93-98.
'Silica'
Description: An unidentified siica phase(s) is found with plagioclase and enstatite
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972); Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998): Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: MINEDEX Database 2006.
Sinoite
Formula: Si2N2O
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Smythite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Reference: D. R. Hudson, B. W. Robinson, and R. B. W. Vigers (1978) Zoned michenerite-testibiopalladite from Kambalda, Western Australia Can Mineral, 16:121-126
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Min News 20:6 pp1,2,5,6
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 3, p 582
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Witt, W.K., Groves, D.I., Ho, S.E. (eds.) (1994) Ore Deposits of the Eastern Goldfields, Western Australia. Excursion Guidebook No. 8, Guidebook for the post-convention excursion, 12th Australian Geological Convention, September 1994.
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Fetherston, J., Stocklmayer, S., Stocklmayer, V.(2013): Gemstones of WA, Geological Survey of WA
Stibiopalladinite
Formula: Pd5Sb2
Reference: Hudson, D.R. (1986) Platinum-group minerals from the Kambalda nickel deposits, Western Australia, Economic Geology, Vol 81, No.5 pp.1218-1225.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Formula: $m6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Reference: Tschernich, R. W. (1992) Zeolites of the World, p.455,
Sudburyite
Formula: PdSb
Reference: Hudson, D.R. (1986) Platinum-group minerals from the Kambalda nickel deposits, Western Australia, Economic Geology, Vol 81, No.5 pp.1218-1225.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
Takovite
Formula: Ni6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Reference: Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tantalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Ta2O6
Reference: MINEDEX
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Tantite
Formula: Ta2O5
Reference: jacobson, M., calderwood, M., Grguric, B., (2007): Pegmatites of Western Australia
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Econ Geol (1986) 81:1218-1225
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Reference: Bucci, L.A., Hagemann, S.G., Groves, D.I., Standing, J.G. (2002) The Archean Chalice gold deposit: a record of complex, multistage, high-temperature hydrothermal activity and gold mineralisation associated with granitic rocks in the Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, 19:1, 23-67.
'Testibiopalladite'
Formula: PdTe(Sb,Te)
Reference: Hudson, D.R. (1986) Platinum-group minerals from the Kambalda nickel deposits, Western Australia, Economic Geology, Vol 81, No.5 pp.1218-1225. Hudson, D.R., Robinson, B.W., Vigers, R.B.W. (1978) Zoned michenerite-testibiopalladite from Kambalda, Western Australia, The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 16 May 1978, pp.121-126.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H. & Frondel, C. (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, 7th. edition, Volume I: 163.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Eilu, Pasi. (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits, Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003, Rovaniemi, Finland, 72p.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Jacobson., M (2007), Pegmatites of WA
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Witt, W.K., Knight, J.T., Mikucki, E.J. (1997) A Synmetamorphic Lateral Fluid Flow Model for Gold Mineralisation in the Archean Southern Kalgoorlie and Norseman Terraces Western Australia, Economic Geology, 92:407-437, 1997.
Tremolite
Formula: ◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Trilithionite
Formula: K(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Description: Specimens previously listed as "Lepidolite" from this locality have all proved to be trilithionite. This was confirmed by EDS analysis.
Reference: Peter Keller Collection
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: McQueen, K.G. (1981) The nature and metamorphic history of the Wannaway nickel deposit, Western Australia. Economic Geology 1981, Vol. 76(6), pp.1444-1468.
Tschermakite
Formula: ◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Geological Society of Australia WA Div., 12th Australian Geological Convention, Excursion Guidebook 8. Ore Deposits of the Eastern Goldfields, WA, Sept 1994
'UM1994-02-CO:HNi'
Formula: (Ni,Mg)5(HCO3)2(CO3)4 · 8.4H2O
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M., Gartrell, R.J. (1994): Secondary nickel minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineral. Record: 25: 283-291; in: Jambor, J.L., Roberts, A.C. (1994): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 80: 187
'UM1994-03-CO:HNi'
Formula: Ni4(CO3)3(OH)2 · 2.5H2O
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M., Gartrell, R.J. (1994): Secondary nickel minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineral. Record: 25: 283-291; in: Jambor, J.L., Roberts, A.C. (1994): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 80: 187
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: McQueen, K.G. (1981) The nature and metamorphic history of the Wannaway nickel deposit, Western Australia. Economic Geology 1981, Vol. 76(6), pp.1444-1468.
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 2, p 616
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Volynskite
Formula: AgBiTe2
Reference: No reference listed; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
'Wad'
Reference: Pryce, M. W. and Just, J. (1974): Glaukosphaerite: A New Nickel Analogue of Rosasite. Mineralogical Magazine. 39, 737-743
Widgiemoolthalite (TL)
Formula: Ni5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: [MinRec 25:289,90]; Am.Min.: 78 (1993): 819-21.; Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821
Wodginite
Formula: Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Reference: Jacobson, M., Calderwood, M., Grguric, B.(2007): Pegmatites of Western Australia
Xonotlite
Formula: Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Reference: B. Grguric
'Zinnwaldite'
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages. Report of the Department of Mines for the State of Western Australia for the Year 1942, pp 84-85.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var. Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Osbornite1.BC.15TiN
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Sinoite1.DB.10Si2N2O
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Buckhornite2.HB.20bAuPb2BiTe2S3
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Carrollite2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3