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Lindvikskollen Quarry, Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen pegmatite, Kragerø, Telemark, Norwayi
Regional Level Types
Lindvikskollen QuarryQuarry
Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen pegmatitePegmatite
KragerøMunicipality
TelemarkCounty
NorwayCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
58° 51' 55'' North , 9° 22' 22'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Kragerø5,158 (2016)2.5km
Kil901 (2013)5.1km
Eikeland408 (2012)17.3km
Risør4,475 (2016)18.0km
Gjerstad339 (2010)20.4km
Other Languages:
Norwegian:
Lindvikskollenbruddet, Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen pegmatitten, Kragerø, Telemark, Norge


Lindvikskollen feldspar quarry is situated in the western part of the Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen pegmatite dike, at the very top of the Mt. Lindvikskollen. The quarry has been abandoned since the early 1930s. See the entry on the Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen pegmatite for more information about the pegmatite.
This is the type locality of Hellandite-(Y). The mineral was first discovered in 1903. More than 200 crystals of hellandite-(Y) were collected between 1903-1922 at the dumps of the quarry. The core that hosted the hellandite was already quarried out when Brøgger described Hellandite in 1903.
The pegmatite with its quarries and prospects may be included in the Gea Norvegica, a Geopark.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


22 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2010): Caysichitt-(Y) og chernovitt-(Y) fra Lindvikskollen- igjen ! Stein, 37 (3): 14-15
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Larsen, K. E. (2008): Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen, Kragerø - en klassisk norsk granittpegmatitt. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift. 38, 37-44
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.(1937): Mineral parageneses of some granite pegmatites near Kragerø, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 17,1-16.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Larsen, K. E. (2010): Norske typelokaliteter. Lindvikskollenbruddet, Kragerø. Stein, 37 (3): 8-13
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2010): Caysichitt-(Y) og chernovitt-(Y) fra Lindvikskollen- igjen ! Stein, 37 (3): 14-15
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Green, J.C.(1956):Geology of the Storkollen-Blankenberg area, Kragerø, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 36, 89-140
Caysichite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Reference: Kristiansen, Roy (1993): Caysichitt-(Y) og Chernovitt-(Y) fra Lindvikskollen, Kragerø; to nye mineraler for Norge. STEIN 20 (2), 125-128
Chernovite-(Y)
Formula: Y(AsO4)
Reference: Kristiansen, Roy (1993): Caysichitt-(Y) og Chernovitt-(Y) fra Lindvikskollen, Kragerø; to nye mineraler for Norge. STEIN 20 (2), 125-128
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Larsen, K. E. (2008): Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen, Kragerø- en klassisk norsk granittpegmatitt. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 38, 37-44; Kolitsch, U., Andresen, P., Husdal, T. A., Ertl, A., Haugen, A., Ellingsen, H. V. and Larsen, A. O. (2013): Tourmaline-group minerals from Norway, part II: Occurrences of luinaite-(OH) in Tvedalen, Larvik and Porsgrunn, and fluor-liddicoatite, fluor-elbaite and fluor-schorl at Ågskardet, Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 50, 23-41.
Hellandite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1903): Über Hellandit, ein neues Mineral (Vorlaüfige Mittheilungen). Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne 41, 213-221; Brøgger, W. C. (1906): Hellandit von Lindvikskollen bei Kragerö. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 42, 417-439 ; American Mineralogist, 62, 89, 1977); American Mineralogist, 87, pages 745–752, 2002;
'Hellandite-(Yb)' ?
Formula: (Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
Description: First classified as Hellandite-(Yb), then Hellandite-(Y). Modern and more complete analyses are needed to correctly name the samples.
Reference: American Mineralogist, 84, 913–921, 1999; American Mineralogist, 87, 745–752, 2002
Hingganite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Habit: as 2-3mm large irregular masses
Colour: greyish green
Reference: Larsen, K. E. (2008): Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen, Kragerø- en klassisk norsk granittpegmatitt. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 38, 37-44
Kainosite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Reference: Knut Eldjarn collection
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Description: well terminated crystals embedded in quartz is observed
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.(1937): Mineral parageneses of some granite pegmatites near Kragerø, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 17,1-16.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Andresen, P., Husdal, T. A., Ertl, A., Haugen, A., Ellingsen, H. V. and Larsen, A. O. (2013): Tourmaline-group minerals from Norway, part II: Occurrences of luinaite-(OH) in Tvedalen, Larvik and Porsgrunn, and fluor-liddicoatite, fluor-elbaite and fluor-schorl at Ågskardet, Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 50, 23-41.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Green, J.C.(1956):"Geology of the Storkollen-Blankenberg area, Kragerø, Norway". Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 36, 89-140
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Description: Brögger (1906) describes the find of one crystal 3 ,5 cm x 11,3 cm embedded in matrix.
Reference: Brøgger, W. C. (1906): Hellandit von Lindvikskollen bei Kragerö. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 42, 417-439
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Green, J.C.(1956): Geology of the Storkollen-Blankenberg area, Kragerø, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 36, 89-140
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Larsen, K. E. (2008): Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen, Kragerø- en klassisk norsk granittpegmatitt. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 38, 37-44
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Andresen, P., Husdal, T. A., Ertl, A., Haugen, A., Ellingsen, H. V. and Larsen, A. O. (2013): Tourmaline-group minerals from Norway, part II: Occurrences of luinaite-(OH) in Tvedalen, Larvik and Porsgrunn, and fluor-liddicoatite, fluor-elbaite and fluor-schorl at Ågskardet, Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 50, 23-41.
'Scapolite'
Habit: prismatic, lustrous < 3 cm long
Description: One crystal found in 1953
Reference: Green, J.C.(1956):Geology of the Storkollen-Blankenberg area, Kragerø, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 36, 89-140
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Colour: black
Reference: Larsen, A. O., Nordrum, F.S. & Austrheim, H. (1999): Turmaliner i Norge. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 21-30; Kolitsch, U., Husdal, T. A., Brandstätter, F. & Ertl, A. (2011) : New crystal-chemical data for members of the tourmaline group from Norway: occurences of fluor-schorl and luinaite-(OH). Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 46, 17-24; Kolitsch, U., Andresen, P., Husdal, T. A., Ertl, A., Haugen, A., Ellingsen, H. V. and Larsen, A. O. (2013): Tourmaline-group minerals from Norway, part II: Occurrences of luinaite-(OH) in Tvedalen, Larvik and Porsgrunn, and fluor-liddicoatite, fluor-elbaite and fluor-schorl at Ågskardet, Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 50, 23-41.
Tengerite-(Y) ?
Formula: Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Reference: Brøgger, W. C. (1906): Hellandit von Lindvikskollen bei Kragerö. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 42, 417-439
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1903): Über Hellandit, ein neues Mineral (Vorlaüfige Mittheilungen). Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne 41, 213-221; Kolitsch, U., Andresen, P., Husdal, T. A., Ertl, A., Haugen, A., Ellingsen, H. V. and Larsen, A. O. (2013): Tourmaline-group minerals from Norway, part II: Occurrences of luinaite-(OH) in Tvedalen, Larvik and Porsgrunn, and fluor-liddicoatite, fluor-elbaite and fluor-schorl at Ågskardet, Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 50, 23-41.
Thorite var:
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1903): Über Hellandit, ein neues Mineral (Vorlaüfige Mittheilungen). Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne 41, 213-221
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Habit: common
Colour: Brown
Description: Twins after {100} is observed
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1903): Über Hellandit, ein neues Mineral (Vorlaüfige Mittheilungen). Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne 41, 213-221; Schei , P. (1904): On some new occurrences of titanite from Kragerø. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne 42, 35-38
Titanite var:
Formula: (Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Habit: common
Colour: Brown
Description: Twins after {100} is observed
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1903): Über Hellandit, ein neues Mineral (Vorlaüfige Mittheilungen). Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne 41, 213-221; Schei , P. (1904): On some new occurrences of titanite from Kragerø. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne 42, 35-38
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Andresen, P., Husdal, T. A., Ertl, A., Haugen, A., Ellingsen, H. V. and Larsen, A. O. (2013): Tourmaline-group minerals from Norway, part II: Occurrences of luinaite-(OH) in Tvedalen, Larvik and Porsgrunn, and fluor-liddicoatite, fluor-elbaite and fluor-schorl at Ågskardet, Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 50, 23-41.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Brøgger, W. C. (1922): Neue Beobachtungen über die Krystallformen des Hellandits. In Brøgger, W.C, Vogt, Th. & Schetelig, J. (1922): Die Mineralien der südnorwegischen Granitpegmatitgänge. II. Silikate der seltenen Erden. Videnskapsselskapets Skrifter. I. Mat-Naturv. Klasse 1922. 11, 3-16 + plates I-IV; Kolitsch, U., Andresen, P., Husdal, T. A., Ertl, A., Haugen, A., Ellingsen, H. V. and Larsen, A. O. (2013): Tourmaline-group minerals from Norway, part II: Occurrences of luinaite-(OH) in Tvedalen, Larvik and Porsgrunn, and fluor-liddicoatite, fluor-elbaite and fluor-schorl at Ågskardet, Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 50, 23-41.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Y)4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Tengerite-(Y) ?5.CC.10Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chernovite-(Y)8.AD.35Y(AsO4)
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Caysichite-(Y)9.DJ.15Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Hellandite-(Y) (TL)9.DK.20(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Hingganite-(Y)9.AJ.20(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Kainosite-(Y)9.CF.10Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Orangite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
var: Yttrian Titanite9.AG.15(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Hellandite-(Yb)' ?-(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Y)8.3.6.3(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Tengerite-(Y) ?15.4.3.1Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Chernovite-(Y)38.4.11.2Y(AsO4)
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Hellandite-(Y) (TL)54.2.2.1(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Hingganite-(Y)54.2.1a.3(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings with other anion groups
Kainosite-(Y)60.2.1.1Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with columnar silicate units
Caysichite-(Y)70.1.2.2Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Hellandite-(Yb)' ?-(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-
Thorite
var: Orangite
-Th(SiO4)
Titanite
var: Yttrian Titanite
-(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
H Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
H Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
LiLithium
Li Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Be Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
BBoron
B Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
CCarbon
C Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
C Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
C Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
OOxygen
O Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)
O Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
O Titanite (var: Yttrian Titanite)(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
O QuartzSiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O AnataseTiO2
O Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O RutileTiO2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
O Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Si Titanite (var: Yttrian Titanite)(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Ca Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Ca Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Ca Titanite (var: Yttrian Titanite)(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti Titanite (var: Yttrian Titanite)(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
FeIron
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
AsArsenic
As Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)
YYttrium
Y Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Y Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Y Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)
Y Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Y Titanite (var: Yttrian Titanite)(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Y Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Y Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
YbYtterbium
Yb Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
ThThorium
Th Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Brøgger, W.C. (1903) Über Hellandit, ein neues Mineral (Vorlaüfige Mittheilungen). Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne 41, 213-221.
Schei, P. (1904) On some new occurrences of titanite from Kragerø. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne 42, 35-38.
Brøgger, W.C. (1906) Hellandit von Lindvikskollen bei Kragerö. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 42, 417-439.
Brøgger, W.C. (1922) Neue Beobachtungen über die Krystallformen des Hellandits. in Brøgger, W.C, Vogt, Th., and Schetelig, J. (1922) Die Mineralien der südnorwegischen Granitpegmatitgänge. II. Silikate der seltenen Erden. Videnskapsselskapets Skrifter. I. Mat-Naturv. Klasse 1922. 11, 3-16 + plates I-IV.
Green, J.C. (1956) Geology of the Storkollen-Blankenberg area, Kragerø, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 36, 89-140.
Kristiansen, R. (1993) Caysichitt-(Y) og Chernovitt-(Y) fra Lindvikskollen, Kragerø; to nye mineraler for Norge. STEIN 20 (2), 125-128.
Larsen, A.O., Nordrum, F.S., and Austrheim, H. (1999) Turmaliner i Norge. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 15: 21-30 [with an analysis of schorl from this locality].
Larsen, K.E. (2008) Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen, Kragerø- en klassisk norsk granittpegmatitt. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 38, 37-44.
Larsen, K.E. (2010) Norske typelokaliteter. Lindvikskollenbruddet, Kragerø. Stein, 37 (3): 8-13.
Kristiansen, R. (2010) Caysichitt-(Y) og chernovitt-(Y) fra Lindvikskollen- igjen! Stein, 37 (3): 14-15.
Kolitsch, U., Andresen, P., Husdal, T.A., Ertl, A., Haugen, A., Ellingsen, H.V., and Larsen, A.O. (2013) Tourmaline-group minerals from Norway, part II: Occurrences of luinaite-(OH) in Tvedalen, Larvik and Porsgrunn, and fluor-liddicoatite, fluor-elbaite and fluor-schorl at Ågskardet, Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 50, 23-41.

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