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Tongshan Mine, Nenjiang Co., Heihe, Heilongjiang, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Tongshan MineMine
Nenjiang Co.County
HeihePrefecture
HeilongjiangProvince
ChinaCountry

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Key
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Name(s) in local language(s):铜山铜钼矿, 嫩江县, 黑河市, 黑龙江省, 中国
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 50° 14' 28'' North , 125° 47' 13'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 50.24111,125.78694
GeoHash:G#: ybcmy6578
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dwb : Monsoon-influenced warm-summer humid continental climate


Porphyry copper-molybdenum-(gold-silver) deposit, related to an intrusion with a central porphyry facies and an outer granodiorite facies dated at 311-283.1 Ma. Some orebodies at shallow depths are hosted in altered Middle Ordovician andesite. From the central porphyry outwards to the granodiorite, the following alteration zones occur (1) quartz core, (2) K feldspar-silica alteration zone, (3) biotite-K feldspar alteration zone, (4) quartz-sericite-epidote-chlorite zone, and (5) propylite zone. Most orebodies occur in the quartz-sericite-epidote-chlorite zone.

Regions containing this locality

Amur PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


30 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
'Apatite'
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
'Biotite'
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
'Hornblende'
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
'Hydromuscovite'
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Leucoxene
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hydromuscovite'-
'K Feldspar'-
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
'Hydromuscovite'-
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CalciteCaCO3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O RutileTiO2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O TenoriteCuO
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S CovelliteCuS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S AcanthiteAg2S
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu CopperCu
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Paleozoic : 520 Ma to 476 ± 14 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Ordovician
   Early Ordovician
ⓘ Molybdenite (youngest age)476 ± 14 Ma
    
   
  Cambrian
   Cambrian Series 2
ⓘ Molybdenite (oldest age)520 Ma

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Permian - Devonian
251.902 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 3184226
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Yuanyi Zhao, Zhihong Ma, and Chunxue Zhong (1995): Geochemistry and its model of prospecting of Tongshan copper deposit, Heilongjiang Province. Geology and Prospecting 31(3), 48-54.
- Fujun Zai, Guishan Wang, and Mingjin Tan (1998): The useful associated components of the Tongshan porphyry copper deposit in Heilongjiang Province. Heilongjiang Geology 9(3), 46-55.


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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