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Shiyingtan Mine (Xitan Mine), Shanshan Co. (Piqan Co.; Pichan Co.), Tulufan Prefecture (Turfan Prefecture; Turpan Prefecture), Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 42° 5' 8'' North , 90° 11' 49'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 42.08583,90.19722
Köppen climate type:BWk : Cold desert climate
Name(s) in local language(s):石英滩金矿 (西滩金矿), 鄯善县 (پىچان ناھىيىسى), 吐鲁番地区 (تۇرپان ۋىلايىتى), 新疆维吾尔自治区, 中国

Low sulphidation epithermal gold-silver deposit, located in the western part of the East Tianshan. The region is mainly underlain by Permian andesitic-dacitic rocks and volcanic breccia and their subvolcanic equivalents. There possibly was also a Permian volcanic caldera in the vicinity; amygdaloidal andesite and medium- to fine-grained tonalite recognized near the deposit have Rb-Sr whole rock isochron ages of 285±12 Ma and 293±1 Ma, respectively. Eighteen ore-bearing veins have been identified in the mine. The orebodies are arranged along a nearly WNW-trending set of tensile faults and form a swarm of auriferous quartz veins, that are up to 25 m thick, up to 200 m long, and extend 100 m downdip. The distribution of the orebodies is considered to be controlled by the intersection of the fracture system of the caldera with regional faults. Unlike many epithermal gold deposits, including the Axi gold deposit in the West Tianshan, the Shiyingtan gold deposit shows relatively weak wallrock alteration, which is silicification, sericitization, chloritization, and carbonatization.

Mineral List

23 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

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Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

Permian - Carboniferous
252.17 - 358.9 Ma

ID: 1379029
Carboniferous-Permian mixed volcanic, volcaniclastic and sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (252.17 - 358.9 Ma)

Comments: This designation includes Precambrian iron-formation-bearing sedimentary and volcanic sequences, as well as mixed sedimentary and volcanic or volcaniclastic sequences.

Lithology: Mixed volcanic, volcaniclastic and sedimentary rocks

Reference: Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d. [18]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Jianzhong Feng, Yishan Zeng, and Shuixing Fu (2000): Geology, Genetic Types and Metallogeny of Gold Deposits in the Eastern Tianshan, Xinjiang. Acta Geologica Sinica 74(3), 559-564 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Chengyou Feng, Chunji Xue, Jinsheng Jin, Lianchang Zhang, and Huaqin Li (2000): Geochemistry of the Xitan epithermal gold-silver deposit, East Tianshan Mountains. Mineral Deposits 19(4), 322-329 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Zhiliang Wang, Jingwen Mao, Ganguo Wu, Jianmin Yang, Tianlin Ma, and Chunming Han (2003): Geochemistry of fluid inclusions from the Shiyingtan gold deposit in eastern Tianshan, Xinjiang. Geology and Prospecting 39(2), 6-10 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Hailiang Chang, Xiongwu Wang, and Taoye Li (2003): Discussion on "K-high" fluids in Axi and Shiyingtan epithermal gold deposits, Xinjiang. Mineral Deposits 22(2), 129-133 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Lianchang Zhang, Wenjiao Xiao, Kezhang Qin, Jinsheng Ji, and Xingke Yang (2004): Types, geological features and geodynamic significances of gold-copper deposits in the Kanggurtag metallogenic belt, eastern Tianshan, NW China. International Journal of Earth Sciences 93, 224-240.
Jingwen Mao, Goldfarb, R.J., Yitian Wang, Hart, C.J., Zhiliang Wang, and Jianmin Yang (2005): Late Paleozoic base and precious metal deposits, East Tianshan, Xinjiang, China: Characteristics and geodynamic setting. Episodes 28(1), 23-36.
Chunxiang Chen, Guangdao Hu, and Shuixing Fu (2006): Regional geochemistry of Shiyingtan gold mine based on genetic algorithm. Geology and Prospecting 42(6), 77-80 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Yitian Wang, Jingwen Mao, Wen Chen, Fuquan Yang, and Jianmin Yang (2006): Tectonic constraints on mineralization of the Kanggurtag gold belt in the eastern Tianshan, Xinjiang, NW China. Acta Petrologica Sinica 22(1), 236-244 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): A review of the geological characteristics and geodynamic mechanisms of Late Paleozoic epithermal gold deposits in North Xinjiang, China. Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234.
Qiang Li (2009): Discussions on the exploration of replaceable resources of resource exhausted mines: a case study at the Shiyingtan gold deposit in Xinjiang. Geology and Exploration 45(4), 409-416 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Han, C., Xiao, W., Zhao, G., Su, B., Sakyi, P. A., Ao, S., ... & Zhang, Z. (2014). Late Paleozoic metallogenesis and evolution of the East Tianshan Orogenic Belt (NW China, Central Asia Orogenic Belt). Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(6), 493-512.

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