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Axi Mine (Arxi Mine), Yining Co. (Ghulja Co.), Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture), Xinjiang, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Axi Mine (Arxi Mine)Mine
Yining Co. (Ghulja Co.)County
Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)Prefecture
XinjiangAutonomous Region
ChinaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
44° 13' 55'' North , 81° 37' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
阿希金矿, 伊宁县 (غۇلجا ناھىيىسى), 伊犁哈萨克自治州 (ئاپتونوم ئوبلاستىئىلى قازاق), 新疆维吾尔自治区, 中国


Low sulphidation epithermal gold deposit, hosted within a tilted succession of auto-brecciated andesitic lava flows and fragmental andesitic tuffs and breccias of the Lower Carboniferous Dahalajunshan Formation. The host rocks are unconformably overlain by conglomerate and coarse clastic sedimentary rocks of the late Early to Middle Carboniferous Aqialehe Group. The deposit consists of a northern and a southern orebody, that are located within a steep, east-dipping, curvilinear fault. The northern orebody is 480 m long, up to 20 m wide and extends for at least 450 m downdip. The southern orebody is located 750 m further south and 110 m lower than the northern orebody; it is only around 4 m wide, but is encompassed by a much wider zone of alteration and brecciation. The auriferous quartz of the northern orebody is dominantly chalcedonic and cryptocrystalline, druzy, sinter-like, and locally banded. The southern orebody is more diffuse, with extensive silicification and stockworking, and brecciation is also much more extensive. The dominant alteration in close proximity to the ore is strong silicification, with peripheral phyllic (sericite-pyrite) alteration passing outwards into widespread chlorite and carbonate alteration. Hydrothermal alteration includes silicification, phyllic, propylitic, adularia, laumontite, illite and kaolinite alterations.


Note: Not to be confused withe the Axi gold deposit of Sichuan Province.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


35 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Taihe Zhou, Goldfarb, R.J., and Phillips, G.N. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 249-282.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Lianhui Dong and Changlie Tian (2001): Geology and Resources 10(2), 85-90, 101; Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234; Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285; Mao, X.; Zhang, W.; Liu, Z.; Ren, J.; Bayless, R.C.; Deng, H. (2020) 3D Mineral Prospectivity Modeling for the Low-Sulfidation Epithermal Gold Deposit: A Case Study of the Axi Gold Deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Minerals 10, 233.; Zhang, B., Li, N., Shu, S. P., Wang, W., Yu, J., Chen, X., ... & Chen, Y. J. (2018). Textural and compositional evolution of Au-hosting Fe-S-As minerals at the Axi epithermal gold deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Ore Geology Reviews, 100, 31-50.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234; Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156; Mao, X.; Zhang, W.; Liu, Z.; Ren, J.; Bayless, R.C.; Deng, H. (2020) 3D Mineral Prospectivity Modeling for the Low-Sulfidation Epithermal Gold Deposit: A Case Study of the Axi Gold Deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Minerals 10, 233.
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn1050
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Lianhui Dong and Changlie Tian (2001): Geology and Resources 10(2), 85-90, 101; Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234; Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285; Mao, X.; Zhang, W.; Liu, Z.; Ren, J.; Bayless, R.C.; Deng, H. (2020) 3D Mineral Prospectivity Modeling for the Low-Sulfidation Epithermal Gold Deposit: A Case Study of the Axi Gold Deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Minerals 10, 233.; Zhang, B., Li, N., Shu, S. P., Wang, W., Yu, J., Chen, X., ... & Chen, Y. J. (2018). Textural and compositional evolution of Au-hosting Fe-S-As minerals at the Axi epithermal gold deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Ore Geology Reviews, 100, 31-50.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Lianhui Dong and Changlie Tian (2001): Geology and Resources 10(2), 85-90, 101; Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234; Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285; Zhang, B., Li, N., Shu, S. P., Wang, W., Yu, J., Chen, X., ... & Chen, Y. J. (2018). Textural and compositional evolution of Au-hosting Fe-S-As minerals at the Axi epithermal gold deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Ore Geology Reviews, 100, 31-50.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Lianhui Dong and Changlie Tian (2001): Geology and Resources 10(2), 85-90, 101; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Lianhui Dong (2001): Geology and Resources 10(3), 129-132; Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234; Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285; Mao, X.; Zhang, W.; Liu, Z.; Ren, J.; Bayless, R.C.; Deng, H. (2020) 3D Mineral Prospectivity Modeling for the Low-Sulfidation Epithermal Gold Deposit: A Case Study of the Axi Gold Deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Minerals 10, 233.; Zhang, B., Li, N., Shu, S. P., Wang, W., Yu, J., Chen, X., ... & Chen, Y. J. (2018). Textural and compositional evolution of Au-hosting Fe-S-As minerals at the Axi epithermal gold deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Ore Geology Reviews, 100, 31-50.
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: Lianhui Dong and Changlie Tian (2001): Geology and Resources 10(2), 85-90, 101
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Weidong Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He and Youliang Wu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews (in press).; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: Lianhui Dong and Changlie Tian (2001): Geology and Resources 10(2), 85-90, 101; Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234; Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285; Mao, X.; Zhang, W.; Liu, Z.; Ren, J.; Bayless, R.C.; Deng, H. (2020) 3D Mineral Prospectivity Modeling for the Low-Sulfidation Epithermal Gold Deposit: A Case Study of the Axi Gold Deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Minerals 10, 233.; Zhang, B., Li, N., Shu, S. P., Wang, W., Yu, J., Chen, X., ... & Chen, Y. J. (2018). Textural and compositional evolution of Au-hosting Fe-S-As minerals at the Axi epithermal gold deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Ore Geology Reviews, 100, 31-50.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156; Zhang, B., Li, N., Shu, S. P., Wang, W., Yu, J., Chen, X., ... & Chen, Y. J. (2018). Textural and compositional evolution of Au-hosting Fe-S-As minerals at the Axi epithermal gold deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Ore Geology Reviews, 100, 31-50.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Lianhui Dong and Changlie Tian (2001): Geology and Resources 10(2), 85-90, 101; Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234; Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285; Zhang, B., Li, N., Shu, S. P., Wang, W., Yu, J., Chen, X., ... & Chen, Y. J. (2018). Textural and compositional evolution of Au-hosting Fe-S-As minerals at the Axi epithermal gold deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Ore Geology Reviews, 100, 31-50.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Zhang, B., Li, N., Shu, S. P., Wang, W., Yu, J., Chen, X., ... & Chen, Y. J. (2018). Textural and compositional evolution of Au-hosting Fe-S-As minerals at the Axi epithermal gold deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Ore Geology Reviews, 100, 31-50.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Lianhui Dong (2001): Geology and Resources 10(3), 129-132; Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285; Mao, X.; Zhang, W.; Liu, Z.; Ren, J.; Bayless, R.C.; Deng, H. (2020) 3D Mineral Prospectivity Modeling for the Low-Sulfidation Epithermal Gold Deposit: A Case Study of the Axi Gold Deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Minerals 10, 233.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Weidong Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He and Youliang Wu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews (in press).; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Lianhui Dong and Changlie Tian (2001): Geology and Resources 10(2), 85-90, 101; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Lianhui Dong (2001): Geology and Resources 10(3), 129-132; Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285
'K Feldspar var: '
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Lianhui Dong (2001): Geology and Resources 10(3), 129-132; Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285; Mao, X.; Zhang, W.; Liu, Z.; Ren, J.; Bayless, R.C.; Deng, H. (2020) 3D Mineral Prospectivity Modeling for the Low-Sulfidation Epithermal Gold Deposit: A Case Study of the Axi Gold Deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Minerals 10, 233.; Zhang, B., Li, N., Shu, S. P., Wang, W., Yu, J., Chen, X., ... & Chen, Y. J. (2018). Textural and compositional evolution of Au-hosting Fe-S-As minerals at the Axi epithermal gold deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Ore Geology Reviews, 100, 31-50.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Chen Yanjing, Bao Jingxin, Zhang Zengjie, Chen Huayong, and Liu Yulin (2003): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry. ; Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234.; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285; Zhang, B., Li, N., Shu, S. P., Wang, W., Yu, J., Chen, X., ... & Chen, Y. J. (2018). Textural and compositional evolution of Au-hosting Fe-S-As minerals at the Axi epithermal gold deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Ore Geology Reviews, 100, 31-50.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Weidong Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He and Youliang Wu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews (in press).; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Lianhui Dong and Changlie Tian (2001): Geology and Resources 10(2), 85-90, 101; Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234; Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285; Mao, X.; Zhang, W.; Liu, Z.; Ren, J.; Bayless, R.C.; Deng, H. (2020) 3D Mineral Prospectivity Modeling for the Low-Sulfidation Epithermal Gold Deposit: A Case Study of the Axi Gold Deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Minerals 10, 233.; Zhang, B., Li, N., Shu, S. P., Wang, W., Yu, J., Chen, X., ... & Chen, Y. J. (2018). Textural and compositional evolution of Au-hosting Fe-S-As minerals at the Axi epithermal gold deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Ore Geology Reviews, 100, 31-50.
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Reference: Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Lianhui Dong (2001): Geology and Resources 10(3), 129-132; Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234; Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285
Muscovite var:
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Weidong Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He and Youliang Wu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews (in press).; Mao, X.; Zhang, W.; Liu, Z.; Ren, J.; Bayless, R.C.; Deng, H. (2020) 3D Mineral Prospectivity Modeling for the Low-Sulfidation Epithermal Gold Deposit: A Case Study of the Axi Gold Deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Minerals 10, 233.; Zhang, B., Li, N., Shu, S. P., Wang, W., Yu, J., Chen, X., ... & Chen, Y. J. (2018). Textural and compositional evolution of Au-hosting Fe-S-As minerals at the Axi epithermal gold deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Ore Geology Reviews, 100, 31-50.
Muscovite var:
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Lianhui Dong (2001): Geology and Resources 10(3), 129-132; Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234; Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285; Mao, X.; Zhang, W.; Liu, Z.; Ren, J.; Bayless, R.C.; Deng, H. (2020) 3D Mineral Prospectivity Modeling for the Low-Sulfidation Epithermal Gold Deposit: A Case Study of the Axi Gold Deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Minerals 10, 233.; Zhang, B., Li, N., Shu, S. P., Wang, W., Yu, J., Chen, X., ... & Chen, Y. J. (2018). Textural and compositional evolution of Au-hosting Fe-S-As minerals at the Axi epithermal gold deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Ore Geology Reviews, 100, 31-50.
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Reference: Lianhui Dong and Changlie Tian (2001): Geology and Resources 10(2), 85-90, 101; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Weidong Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He and Youliang Wu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews (in press).; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Lianhui Dong and Changlie Tian (2001): Geology and Resources 10(2), 85-90, 101; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Lianhui Dong and Changlie Tian (2001): Geology and Resources 10(2), 85-90, 101; Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234; Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285; Mao, X.; Zhang, W.; Liu, Z.; Ren, J.; Bayless, R.C.; Deng, H. (2020) 3D Mineral Prospectivity Modeling for the Low-Sulfidation Epithermal Gold Deposit: A Case Study of the Axi Gold Deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Minerals 10, 233.; Zhang, B., Li, N., Shu, S. P., Wang, W., Yu, J., Chen, X., ... & Chen, Y. J. (2018). Textural and compositional evolution of Au-hosting Fe-S-As minerals at the Axi epithermal gold deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Ore Geology Reviews, 100, 31-50.
Pyrite var:
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Lianhui Dong and Changlie Tian (2001): Geology and Resources 10(2), 85-90, 101; Lianhui Dong (2001): Geology and Resources 10(3), 129-132
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234.; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lianhui Dong and Changlie Tian (2001): Geology and Resources 10(2), 85-90, 101; Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234; Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285; Mao, X.; Zhang, W.; Liu, Z.; Ren, J.; Bayless, R.C.; Deng, H. (2020) 3D Mineral Prospectivity Modeling for the Low-Sulfidation Epithermal Gold Deposit: A Case Study of the Axi Gold Deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Minerals 10, 233.; Zhang, B., Li, N., Shu, S. P., Wang, W., Yu, J., Chen, X., ... & Chen, Y. J. (2018). Textural and compositional evolution of Au-hosting Fe-S-As minerals at the Axi epithermal gold deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Ore Geology Reviews, 100, 31-50.
Quartz var:
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234; Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285; Mao, X.; Zhang, W.; Liu, Z.; Ren, J.; Bayless, R.C.; Deng, H. (2020) 3D Mineral Prospectivity Modeling for the Low-Sulfidation Epithermal Gold Deposit: A Case Study of the Axi Gold Deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Minerals 10, 233.; Zhang, B., Li, N., Shu, S. P., Wang, W., Yu, J., Chen, X., ... & Chen, Y. J. (2018). Textural and compositional evolution of Au-hosting Fe-S-As minerals at the Axi epithermal gold deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Ore Geology Reviews, 100, 31-50.
Quartz var:
Reference: Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn1050
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Lianhui Dong and Changlie Tian (2001): Geology and Resources 10(2), 85-90, 101; Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234; Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285; Zhang, B., Li, N., Shu, S. P., Wang, W., Yu, J., Chen, X., ... & Chen, Y. J. (2018). Textural and compositional evolution of Au-hosting Fe-S-As minerals at the Axi epithermal gold deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Ore Geology Reviews, 100, 31-50.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Reference: Lianhui Dong and Changlie Tian (2001): Geology and Resources 10(2), 85-90, 101; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285; Zhang, B., Li, N., Shu, S. P., Wang, W., Yu, J., Chen, X., ... & Chen, Y. J. (2018). Textural and compositional evolution of Au-hosting Fe-S-As minerals at the Axi epithermal gold deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Ore Geology Reviews, 100, 31-50.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Miargyrite2.HA.10AgSbS2
Naumannite2.BA.55Ag2Se
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Arsenian Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Naumannite2.4.1.2Ag2Se
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ø = 3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
ø = 2
Miargyrite3.7.3.2AgSbS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au,Ag)
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrite
var: Arsenian Pyrite
-FeS2
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
OOxygen
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O QuartzSiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O RutileTiO2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S BaryteBaSO4
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S Pyrite (var: Arsenian Pyrite)FeS2
S MiargyriteAgSbS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Pyrite (var: Arsenian Pyrite)FeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
SeSelenium
Se NaumanniteAg2Se
Se ClausthalitePbSe
AgSilver
Ag NaumanniteAg2Se
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag Electrum(Au,Ag)
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag MiargyriteAgSbS2
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb MiargyriteAgSbS2
TeTellurium
Te CalaveriteAuTe2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au CalaveriteAuTe2
Au Electrum(Au,Ag)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb ClausthalitePbSe

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Lianhui Dong and Changlie Tian (2001): Geology of Tulasu-Yelimodun gold mineralization belt, western Tianshan, Xinjiang. Geology and Resources 10(2), 85-90, 101.
Lianhui Dong (2001): The Main Alteration Type of Axi Gold Deposit and Its Relationship to Gold Mineralization. Geology and Resources 10(3), 129-132.
Chen Yanjing, Bao Jingxin, Zhang Zengjie, Chen Huayong, and Liu Yulin (2003): Laumontitization as an Exploration Indicator of Epithermal Gold Deposits: A Case Study of the Axi and Other Epithermal Systems in West Tianshan,China. Chinese Journal of Geochemistry.
Hailiang Chang, Xiongwu Wang, and Taoye Li (2003): Discussion on "K-high" fluids in Axi and Shiyingtan epithermal gold deposits, Xinjiang. Mineral Deposits 22(2), 129-133 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Fang An and Yongfeng Zhu (2009): Geology and geochemistry of Axi gold deposit, Xinjiang. Mineral Deposits 28(2), 143-156 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): A review of the geological characteristics and geodynamic mechanisms of Late Paleozoic epithermal gold deposits in North Xinjiang, China. Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234.
Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Weidong Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He and Youliang Wu (2009): Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of Axi: A Paleozoic low-sulfidation type epithermal gold deposit in Xinjiang, China. Ore Geology Reviews 36, 265-281.
Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Axi gold deposit: A Paleozoic low-sulfidation type of epithermal gold deposit in Xinjiang, China. Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Zhang, B., Li, N., Shu, S. P., Wang, W., Yu, J., Chen, X., ... & Chen, Y. J. (2018). Textural and compositional evolution of Au-hosting Fe-S-As minerals at the Axi epithermal gold deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Ore Geology Reviews, 100, 31-50.
Mao, X.; Zhang, W.; Liu, Z.; Ren, J.; Bayless, R.C.; Deng, H. (2020) 3D Mineral Prospectivity Modeling for the Low-Sulfidation Epithermal Gold Deposit: A Case Study of the Axi Gold Deposit, Western Tianshan, NW China. Minerals 10, 233.

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