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New Jersey, USAi
Regional Level Types
New JerseyState
USACountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Newark281,944 (2017)
Jersey City264,290 (2017)
Paterson147,754 (2017)
Elizabeth129,007 (2017)
Edison102,548 (2017)
Toms River88,791 (2017)
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
NJ
Other Languages:
French:
New Jersey, États-Unis
German:
New Jersey, Vereinigte Staaten
Italian:
New Jersey, Stati Uniti d'America
Russian:
Нью-Джерси, Соединённые Штаты Америки
Simplified Chinese:
新泽西州, 美国
Spanish:
Nueva Jersey, Estados Unidos
Afrikaans:
New Jersey, Verenigde State van Amerika
Albanian:
New Jersey, Shtetet e Bashkuara të Amerikës
Amharic:
ኒው ጄርዚ, አሜሪካ
Anglo-Saxon:
Nīwe Cēsarēa, Geānedu Rīcu American
Arabic:
نيوجيرسي, الولايات المتحدة
Aragonese:
Nueva Jersey
Armenian:
Նյու Ջերսի, Ամերիկայի Միացյալ Նահանգներ
Asturian:
Nueva Jersey, Estaos Xuníos d'América
Aymara:
New Jersey suyu, Istadus Unidus
Azeri:
Nyu-Cersi, Amerika Birləşmiş Ştatları
Bashkir:
Нью-Джерси, Америка Ҡушма Штаттары
Basque:
New Jersey
Bavarian:
New Jersey, Vaoanigte Stootn
Belarusian:
Нью-Джэрсі, Злучаныя Штаты Амерыкі
Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):
Нью-Джэрзі, Злучаныя Штаты Амэрыкі
Bengali:
নিউ জার্সি, মার্কিন যুক্তরাষ্ট্র
Bishnupriya Manipuri:
নিউ জার্সি, তিলপারাষ্ট্র
Bislama:
Niu Yersey, Yunaeted Stet blong Amerika
Bosnian:
New Jersey, Sjedinjene Američke Države
Breton:
New Jersey, Stadoù-Unanet Amerika
Bulgarian:
Ню Джърси, Съединени американски щати
Burmese:
နယူးဂျာစီပြည်နယ်, အမေရိကန်ပြည်ထောင်စု
Catalan:
Nova Jersey, Estats Units d’Amèrica
Cebuano:
New Jersey
Central Bikol:
New Jersey, Estados Unidos
Chechen:
Нью-Джерси, Америкин Цхьаьнатоьхна Штаташ
Cherokee:
ᎠᏤ ᏨᏏ, ᏌᏊᎢᏳᎾᎵᏍᏔᏅᏍᎦᏚᎩ ᎾᎿ ᎠᎺᏰᏟ
Chuvash:
Çĕнĕ Джерси, Пĕрлешнĕ Штатсем
Cornish:
Jersi Nowydh, Statys Unys
Corsican:
New Jersey, Stati Uniti d'America
Croatian:
New Jersey, Sjedinjene Američke Države
Czech:
New Jersey, Spojené státy americké
Danish:
New Jersey, USA
Dutch:
New Jersey, Verenigde Staten
Egyptian Arabic:
نيو جيرسى, امريكا
Emilian-Romagnol:
New Jersey, Stat Unî
Esperanto:
Nov-Ĵerzejo
Estonian:
New Jersey osariik, Ameerika Ühendriigid
Faroese:
New Jersey
Farsi/Persian:
نیوجرسی, ایالات متحده آمریکا
Fiji Hindi:
New Jersey, United States
Finnish:
New Jersey, Yhdysvallat
Gagauz:
New Jersey, Amerika Birleşik Devletläri
Galician:
Nova Jersey, Estados Unidos de América
Georgian:
ნიუ-ჯერსი, ამერიკის შეერთებული შტატები
Greek:
Νιου Τζέρσεϊ, Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες Αμερικής
Guarani:
New Jersey, Tetãvore Joapykuéra
Gujarati:
ન્યૂ જર્સી, યુનાઇટેડ સ્ટેટ્સ ઓફ અમેરિકા
Haitian:
Nou Jèze, Etazini
Hakka:
New Jersey
Hausa:
New Jersey, Tarayyar Amurka
Hawaiian:
Nū ‘Ieleke, ‘Amelika Hui Pū ‘ia
Hebrew:
ניו ג'רזי, ארצות הברית
Hill Mari:
Нью-Джерси, Америкын Ушымы Штатвлӓжӹ
Hindi:
न्यू जर्सी, संयुक्त राज्य
Hungarian:
New Jersey, Amerikai Egyesült Államok
Icelandic:
New Jersey, Bandaríkin
Ido:
Nova-Jersey, Usa
Igbo:
Nú Jezị, Njikọ̀taọ̀hà
Iloko:
New Jersey, Estados Unidos iti Amerika
Indonesian:
New Jersey, Amerika Serikat
Interlingua:
New Jersey, Statos Unite de America
Irish Gaelic:
New Jersey, Stáit Aontaithe Mheiriceá
Japanese:
ニュージャージー州, アメリカ合衆国
Javanese:
New Jersey, Amérika Sarékat
Judaeo-Spanish:
Mueva Jersey, Estados Unidos de Amerika
Kabiye:
Niwujɛrsii, Etaazuunii
Kabyle:
New Jersey, Iwunak Yeddukklen n Temrikt
Kalmyk:
Нью-Җерси, Америкин Ниицәтә Орн Нутугуд
Kapampangan:
New Jersey, Estados Unidos
Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):
Нью-Джерси, Америка Құрама Штаттары
Korean:
뉴저지주, 미국
Kurdish (Latin Script):
New Jersey, Dewletên Yekbûyî yên Amerîkayê
Kyrgyz:
Нью-Джерси, Америка Кошмо Штаттары
Latin:
Nova Caesarea, Civitates Foederatae Americae
Latvian:
Ņūdžersija, Amerikas Savienotās Valstis
Lezghian:
Нью-Джерси, Америкадин Садхьанвай Штатар
Ligurian:
Neuvo Jersey, Stati Unïi d'America
Limburgian:
New Jersey, Vereinegde Staote vaan Amerika
Lithuanian:
Naujasis Džersis, Jungtinės Amerikos Valstijos
Lombard:
New Jersey, Stat Ünì d'America
Low Saxon/Low German:
New Jersey, USA
Luri:
نیوٙجئرسی, ڤولاتچٱیا یٱکاگرتٱ آمریکا
Luxembourgish:
New Jersey, Vereenegt Staate vun Amerika
Macedonian:
Њу Џерси, Соединети Американски Држави
Maithili:
न्यू जर्सी, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका
Malagasy:
New Jersey, Etazonia
Malay:
New Jersey, Amerika Syarikat
Malayalam:
ന്യൂ ജെഴ്സി
Manx:
New Jersey, Steatyn Unnaneysit America
Maori:
New Jersey, Hononga-o-Amerika
Marathi:
न्यू जर्सी, अमेरिकेची संयुक्त संस्थाने
Mazanderani:
نیو جرسی
Meadow Mari:
Нью-Джерси, Ушымо Американ Штат-влак
Min Dong Chinese:
New Jersey
Mingrelian:
ნიუ-ჯერსი, ამერიკაშ აკოართაფილი შტატეფი
Nauruan:
New Jersey, Eben Merika
Navajo:
Kin Yótʼááh Deezʼáhí Biyáázh Hahoodzo, Wááshindoon Bikéyah Ałhidadiidzooígíí
Neapolitan:
New Jersey, State Aunite d'Amereca
Nepali:
न्यु जर्सी, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका
Newar / Nepal Bhasa:
न्यु जर्सी, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका
Northern Frisian:
New Jersey, Feriind Stoote foon Ameerika
Northern Sami:
New Jersey, Amerihká ovttastuvvan stáhtat
Norwegian:
New Jersey, USA
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
New Jersey, USA
Occitan:
Nòva Jersey, Estats Units d'America
Ossetian:
Нью-Джерси, Америкæйы Иугонд Штаттæ
Pali:
न्हु जर्सी, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका
Pennsylvania German:
Nei-Schaersi, Amerikaa
Piedmontese:
New Jersey, Stat Unì d'América
Polish:
New Jersey, Stany Zjednoczone
Portuguese:
Nova Jérsia, Estados Unidos
Punjabi:
ਨਿਊ ਜਰਸੀ, ਸੰਯੁਕਤ ਰਾਜ ਅਮਰੀਕਾ
Quechua:
New Jersey suyu, Hukllachasqa Amirika Suyukuna
Romanian:
New Jersey, Statele Unite ale Americii
Romansh:
New Jersey, Stadis Unids
Russia Buriat:
Нью-Джерси
Samogitian:
Naus Džersės, JAV
Sanskrit:
न्‍यू जर्सी, अमेरिकासंयुक्तराज्यम्
Sardinian:
New Jersey, Istados Unidos de Amèrica
Saterland Frisian:
New Jersey, Fereende Stoaten fon Amerikoa
Scots:
New Jersey
Scottish Gaelic:
Jersey Nuadh, Na Stàitean Aonaichte
Serbian:
Њу Џерзи, Сједињене Америчке Државе
Serbo-Croatian:
New Jersey, Sjedinjene Američke Države
Sicilian:
New Jersey, Stati Uniti
Silesian:
New Jersey, Zjednoczůne Sztaty
Slovak:
New Jersey, Spojené štáty
Slovenian:
New Jersey, Združene države Amerike
South Azerbaijani:
نیوجرسی ایالتی, آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری
Swahili:
New Jersey, Marekani
Swedish:
New Jersey, USA
Tagalog:
New Jersey, Estados Unidos
Tajik (Cyrillic Script):
Ню-Ҷерси, Иёлоти Муттаҳидаи Амрико
Tamil:
நியூ செர்சி, அமெரிக்க ஐக்கிய நாடு
Tatar:
Нью-Джерси, Америка Кушма Штатлары
Telugu:
న్యూ జెర్సీ, అమెరికా సంయుక్త రాష్ట్రాలు
Thai:
รัฐนิวเจอร์ซีย์, ประเทศสหรัฐอเมริกา
Tibetan (Standard):
ནེའུ་ཇེར་སས།, ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ།
Traditional Chinese:
紐澤西州, 美國
Turkish:
New Jersey, Amerika Birleşik Devletleri
Ukrainian:
Нью-Джерсі, Сполучені Штати Америки
Upper Sorbian:
New Jersey, Zjednoćene staty Ameriki
Urdu:
نیو جرسی, ریاستہائے متحدہ امریکا
Uyghur:
Yéngi Jérséy Shtati, ئامېرىكا قوشما شىتاتلىرى
Uzbek (Latin Script):
Nyu-Jersi, Amerika Qoʻshma Shtatlari
Venetian:
New Jersey, Stati Unii de ła Mèrica
Vietnamese:
New Jersey, Chủng Quốc Hoa Kỳ
Volapük:
New Jersey, Lamerikän
Waray:
New Jersey, Estados Unidos
Welsh:
New Jersey, Unol Daleithiau America
West Frisian:
Nij-Jersey, Feriene Steaten
Western Punjabi:
نیو جرسی, امریکہ
Wu Chinese:
新泽西州, 美国
Yakut:
Нью Дьэрси, Америка Холбоһуктаах Штааттара
Yiddish:
ניו זשערסי, פאראייניקטע שטאטן פון אמעריקע
Yoruba:
New Jersey
Zazaki:
New Jersey, Dewletê Amerikayê Yewbiyayey
Zeelandic:
New Jersey, Vereênigde Staeten
Zulu:
New Jersey, IMelika


One of the thirteen original states of the USA. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state but the 11th-most populous and the most densely populated of the 50 United States. It's area is 8,722.58 square miles (22,591.38 km2). High Point, in Montague Township, Sussex County, is the highest elevation, at 1,803 feet (550 meters), and is in the Kittatinny Range. New Jersey was originally settled by Native Americans, with the Lenni-Lenape (lennilenapeite) being dominant at the time of European contact.

Around 180 million years ago, during the Jurassic Period, New Jersey bordered North Africa. The pressure of the collision between North America and Africa gave rise to the Appalachian Mountains, represented by the sub-range of the Kittatinny Mountains (kittatinnyite) in the NW part of the state. Around 18,000 years ago, the Ice Age resulted in glaciers that reached northern New Jersey. As the glaciers retreated, they left behind Lake Passaic, as well as many rivers, swamps, and gorges and exposed the underlying Precambrian rocks in the NW portion of the state, including the Franklin Marble, host of the Famous zinc ore bodies at Franklin and Ogdensburg and the magnetite ore bodies.

Areas of principal mineralogical interest are the two zinc ore bodies at Franklin and Ogdensburg in Sussex County, the zeolite and copper occurrences in the traprock deposits (basalt & diabase) of the Watchung Mountains basalt and Palisades diabase, plus the numerous former iron mines in the highlands (of which there were over 300), and phosphate occurrences in the southern portion of the state. New Jersey was at one time the largest iron-producing state in the union, until discovery of the Mesabi Range deposits.

Thomas Edison, a New Jersey native, was famous for his invention of the electric light bulb; however, it is less known that he was intimately involved in mining and quarrying operations and the invention of related machinery. He was involved in copper mining at the Edison Mine in Menlo Park, New Jersey; iron mining in Sparta Township, just outside of Ogdensburg, New Jersey, where he invented a method of concentrating lower-grade magnetite ores into high-grade briquets; and limestone quarrying in Sussex County (Edison-Bodnar Quarries) for use in his little known Portland cement enterprise. Some engineering design documents in the files of the former New Jersey Zinc Company for proposed designs of mill ore beneficiation machinery bear his signature of review and concurrence. Edison almost went bankrupt when the Mesabi range discovery put his iron mining endeavors into financial distress.

New Jersey also has a belt of Cretaceous marl running SW-NE through the center of the state. The greensand marl was mined for fertilizer/soil conditioner all along the belt. These mining activities realized the discovery of the first dinosaur in the United States at Haddonfield. At Mullica Hill the marl belt is fossiliferous with many bivalves containing phosphates. The Quaternary sands of the Cohansy Formation in southern New Jersey produce clear quartz pebbles, weathered from crystals, at Cape May, and even petrified wood (cedar wood). The Cohansy Formation is also the host of black sand concentrates at several locations that were exploited for ilmenite (titanium), zircon (zirconium), corundum (abrasives) and monazite-Ce (waste product). The very pure silica sands of southern New Jersey have been exploited for the glass industry, with a city named for it (Glassboro). Many sand pits operate in the Cohansy until today. The Cohansy also is responsible for the many miles of pristine white beaches in New Jersey (the Jersey shore). The biologically derived bog iron ores in the swamps of the Jersey Pinelands, on the Cohansy Formation, gave rise to a thriving colonial iron industry, as preserved remains of the operations at Batsto testify to.

Yes, New Jersey is small - BUT - mineralogically very rich and famous with no less than 86 type locality minerals!!

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

473 valid minerals. 80 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 12 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 14 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Hendricks, J.: Notes on the Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill (1960); Frondel, C.: The Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill - a checklist (1972); Dunn(1995):Pt4:526.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Description: Occurs in conjunction with a magnetite orebody hosted in Cork Hill gneiss at its contact with Precambrain Franklin marble.
Reference: Palache(1935):71.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Frondel, C.: Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, NJ - a checklist (1972); Cook,D.K.: Recent work on the Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, NJ: Mineralogical Record:4:62-66; MinRec 13:38; Dunn(1995):Pt5:653 & 655.
Adelite
Formula: CaMg(AsO4)(OH)
Habit: Massive
Colour: Pink brown to red brown
Fluorescence: Not fluorescent in UV
Reference: Mineralogical Record:13:37; Dunn(1995):Pt5:655.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: [MinRec 19:274]
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Eby, G. N. (2004) Petrology, geochronology, mineralogy, and geochemistry of the Beemerville alkaline complex, northern New Jersey. In Puffer, J. H. and Volkert, R. A. (eds.) Neoproterozoic, Paleozoic, and Mesozoic Intrusive Rocks of Northern New Jersey and Southeastern New York. Twenty-First Annual Meeting Geological Association of New Jersey, Mahwah, NJ, pp. 52-68.
Aerinite
Formula: (Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Reference: Maertens, J. (2007) Collecting Minerals at Tilcon's Millington Quarry. The Tilcon Times, Summer:10.
'Agardite'
Reference: Donald Volkman personal collection
Akrochordite
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Habit: Warty to spherical clusters to ove 1.5 cm
Colour: Brown
Fluorescence: Not fluorescent in UV
Reference: Dunn, P.J. (1981) Mineralogical Magazine: 44: 235-236; Dunn, Pete J. (1995): Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world’s most magnificent mineral deposits, part : 5: 655-656.
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Frondel, Clifford (1972) The Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill. A Check List., Wiley-InterScience.
'Albertite'
Reference: John Betts Fine Minerals specimen
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Reference: Frondel, C.: Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, NJ - a checklist (1972); Dunn(1995):Pt4:508.
Albite var. Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Description: Occurs in Precambrian Franklin marble.
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt2:161.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Description: Occurs in med. to coarse-grained granite or quartz monzonite.
Reference: Rutgers Univ. Bull #5, Pt1:40-41.
Allactite
Formula: Mn2+7(AsO4)2(OH)8
Reference: Palache, C. (1935) USGS Professional Paper 180: 122; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 787; Dunn, P.J. (1995):Part 5: 656-657.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Colour: Black
Description: Occurs in the petedunnite assemblage at Franklin.
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt3:436.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser(1978).
Alleghanyite
Formula: Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Habit: Vitreous well-formed oblique bladed crystals to 5 mm
Colour: Red brown, golden brown
Fluorescence: Not fluorescent in UV
Reference: Cook, D.K.: Am. Min.:54:1392-1398 (1969); Petersen, et al: A highly magnesian alleghanyite from Sterling Hill, NJ: Mineralogical Record:15:299-302 (1984); Francis, C. A.: Am. Min.:70:182-185 (1985); Dunn(1995):Pt3:348-349.
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: The Minerals of New York City and Its Environs, NY Mineralogical Club (1931), Manchester, J.G.Canfield (1889); Amer. Museum of Nat. History, NY.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt3:357.
'Amber'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Description: Occurs in stream banks.
Reference: A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser(1978).; D. M. Schlegal (1959) Gem Stones of the United States. USGS Bulletin 1042G
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Reference: Observed-David S.Bernstein/April of 2012
'Amphibole Supergroup var. Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: John Durkos mcollection.; Rocks & Min. (1963) 38:591-592
'Amphibole Supergroup var. Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Michael pierce
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978).
Anandite
Formula: (Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2
Description: Anandite was reported by Tracy (1991), but his chemical analyses contained absolutely no sulfur. Three of the reported analyses would have been a new species at the time and are a chlorine-dominant ferrokinoshitalite.
Reference: Tracy, R.J., et al: Eos, Transactions of the Amer. Geophysical Union:68, #16:467 (abstract) (1987); Tracy, R.J.: Am. Min.:76:1683-1693 (1991); Dunn(1995):Pt4:468.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Description: Occurs in cavities in the Buckwheat Dolomite.
Reference: Peters, et al: Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, NJ: Mineralogical Record:14:183-194; Dunn(1995):Pt4:584.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Description: Occurs in hornfels at contact with traprock (Palisades Diabase).
Reference: The Minerals of NYC & Its Environs, NY Min. Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 71.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Colour: Dark brown, light brown, golden yellow
Fluorescence: None.
Description: A common skarn mineral in coarse-textured areas of the orebody.
Reference: Dunn(1995): Pt3: 357-359.
Andradite var. Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Description: Occurs in a nepheline phonolite porphyry dike.
Reference: Am.Min.: 35: 500-507 (1950), Milton, C. & Davidson, N.: 500
Andradite var. Polyadelphite (FRL)
Formula: (Ca,Mn)3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Thomas Thomson (1836) System of Chemistry, v. 1, p. 154.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Description: Occurs as an alteration product of galena in weathered zones within the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody.
Reference: Palache(1935):129; Dunn(1995):Pt5:627.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Mins. of NJ, Mason, B. (1960); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Description: Occurs as green coatings on primary nickel species in the unique nickel-cobalt-arsenic assemblage.
Reference: Edwards, F.: The Picking Table:19(2):10; Dunn(1995):Pt5:658.
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Tracy, Robert J. (1991) Ba-rich Micas from the Franklin Marble, Lime Crest and Sterling Hill, New Jersey, American Mineralogist, v76, p. 1683-1693.
'Anomalite' (FRL)
Type Locality:
Reference: Palche et al. (1944) Dans's System of Mineralogy, v. 1.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Palache(1935):6.
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Frondel, C.: Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, NJ - a checklist (1972); Dunn(1995):Pt4:509.
Anthophyllite ?
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Frondel, Clifford (1972) The Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Description: X-ray verified in Franklin Marble by Tony Nickisher. Not observed by Dunn (1995).
Reference: Palache, C. Professional Paper 180 does not discriminate between antigorite or lizardite and neither are mentioned.
Antigorite var. Vorhauserite
Formula: (Mg,Mn)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Palche, C., 1935, The Minerals of franklin and Sterling Hill, Sussex County, New Jersey.
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Description: Occurs in drift.
Reference: Canfield; The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 76.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Description: Occurs on a single specimen associated mixed with gypsum and brochantite on rhodonite and andradite (Franklin Mineral Museum specimen).
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt5:628.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 66 localities in this region.
Description: Famous for large apatite crystals now extremely rare to find.
Reference: The Iron Mines of NJ (1910), Bayley:332; NJ State Geol. Ann. Rpt. (1856):167; State NJ Bull. #50:192.
'Apatite var. Collophane'
Reference: NJ State Geol. Ann. Rpt (1900):177.
'Apophyllite'
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Reference: Mason, B. H. (1960). Trap rock minerals of New Jersey (Vol. 64). State of New Jersey, Department of Conservation and Economic Development, Division of Planning and Development.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Habit: Long-prismatic crystals forming coatings of sprays on erose ore matrix (1965).
Colour: Colorless, grayish tinted.
Fluorescence: Dull greenish to blue-white (SW) + strong whitish phosphorescnece.
Description: The first significant occurrence of aragonite in the Sterling mine occurred in large pockets in erose ore adjacent to the "mud zone" in the 1040 and 1080 stopes, between the 430' and 500' levels (witnessed by C. Lemanski, Jr. - 1965). The pockets were large enough for a person to et in, but not very deep. Miners collected what they could on the shifts that encountered the pockets and destroyed what was left so that the cross-shift (evening shift) could not collec any of the best material. This is why there are many busted crystal specimens best only for UV display.
Reference: Jenkins & Misiur: Mineralogical Record:25:95-102; erratum: Ibid., 25:386; Dunn(1995):Pt4:618.
Aragonite var. Flos Ferri
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Dana 6: 1065.
Arakiite
Formula: (Zn,Mn2+)(Mn2+,Mg)12(Fe3+,Al)2(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23
Reference: Heixong Yang
Arsenic
Formula: As
Description: Occurs in Precambrian Franklin marble associated with realgar and arsenopyriteon the 900' level.
Reference: Palache,C.: Am. Min.:26:709-717; Dunn:Pt4:618.
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Colour: Rich brick-brown
Fluorescence: None
Description: Found coating fracture surfaces and lining thin fracture cavities in black ore on and about the 430 level. The black ore contains the löllingite which provided the arsenic and iron, as well as other iron-rich minerals.
Reference: Dunn, P.J. (1995): Pt 5: 658.
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Description: The arsenolite verified by PJD (1995, 2004) has been observed on specimens of arsenic that have no evidence of chemical treatment as originally feared by PJD.
Reference: PJD (1995, 2004)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Palache(1935):35; Palache, C.: Am. Min.:26:709-717; Dunn, P.J.: Mineralogical Record:10:160-165; Dunn & Frondel: Mineralogical Record:21:425-427; Dunn(1995):Pt4:526-530.
Artinite
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 264.
'Asbestos'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser(1978).
'Asbestos var. Mountain Leather'
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt4:607.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Habit: prismatic with dome terminations
Colour: brown-black to green-black
Description: Now recognized as augite, this material was formerly called "jeffersonite." It occurs as dark colored, rough crystals to over 20 cm in weathered ore zones between the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody. Good crystals also occur at the contact of very tough, massive, dark augite/hendricksite/augite rock with marble. Crystal terminations typically slightly rounded.
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt3:432.; Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Jenkins: The Picking Table:33(2):12-13 (1992); Jenkins & Misiur: Mineralogical Record:25:95-102 (1994); Palache(1935):59; Dunn(1995):Pt4:618.
Aurorite
Formula: Mn2+Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Description: Occurs in weathered ore between the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody.
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt4:584.
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Dunn, P.J., Mineralogical Record: 10: 160-165; Dunn, Pete J. (1995): Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world’s most magnificent mineral deposits, part: 5: 658.
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Colour: Yellow-green
Description: Listed as uranite, a former synonym (yellow-green plates).
Reference: The Iron Mines of NJ (1910), Bayley:325-327.
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Description: Occurs as transparent, bladed, tabular crystals of delicate color in fracture surface cavities in microcline-quartz-rich pegmatite within the Precambrain Franklin marble.
Reference: Common knowledge among local collectors. Ferro-axinite was analyzed and confirmed as that member of the group.
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Gems and Minerals of America - Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
Axinite-(Mn) (TL)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Aminoff, G., 1919, Mineralogical Studies on Material from Sjogren's Mineral Collection, Archiv. Kemi. Min. Geol. v 7, (17), p. 1-58.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: New Jersey State Geologist's Annual Report (1906) 140-142.; Black, George F. (1922) The Belleville Copper-Mine. American Mineralogist 7, 154-158.
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; A Quest for NJ Mins., R. Speiser (1978): 18.; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Bannisterite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2O
Type Locality:
Habit: Large platy masses
Colour: Brown
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt4:487.; Smith, M.L. and Frondel, C. (1968) The related layered minerals ganophyllite, bannisterite and stilpnomelane. Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 893-913.
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: Peacor, D. & Dunn, P.J.: Mineralogical Record:16:121-124 (1985); Dunn(1995):Pt5:659.
Barylite
Formula: Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Reference: Palache(1935):92; Gaines, R.V. & Bostwick, R.C.: The Picking Table:34(2):22-31 (1993); Dunn(1995):Pt3:407.
Barysilite
Formula: Pb8Mn2+[Si2O7]3
Reference: Palache(1935):92; Dunn(1995):Pt3:409.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Fluorescence: Bright creamy white (900 ft. level) to bright white (600 ft. level)(SW). Personally observed (C. Lemanski).
Description: Occurs in the orebody in secondary veins and fractures. Also occurs as masses and blebs in calcite adjacent to the orebody.
Reference: Jenkins, R.E. II: The Picking Table:35(1):16-24; Dunn(1995):Pt5:629.
Bassanite
Formula: Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Reference: The Picking Table:17(2):4; Dunn(1995):Pt5:630.
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: US Dept. of Interior Bur. of Mines Rpt of Investigation (ROI) #6885, Williams, R.L. (1967): 18.; Klemic, Harry; Heyl, A. V., Jr.; Taylor, A. R.; Stone, Jerome (1959) Radioactive rare-earth deposit at Scrub Oaks mine, Morris County, New Jersey. USGS Bull 1082B
Baumhauerite
Formula: Pb12As16S36
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt4:553.
'Baumite'
Reference: Frondel and Ito, 1975, American Mineralogist
Bementite (TL)
Formula: Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Description: Occurs in ore within the Franklin orebody.
Reference: Koenig, G.A., Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Proceedings (1887):310-311; Dunn(1995):Pt4:488.
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Reference: Henderson, Wm. A. (1980): Mullica Hill, New Jersey. Mineralogical Record 11, 307-311
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Palache, C.: Am. Min.:26:709-717; Cook, D.K.: Recent work on the minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, NJ: Mineralogical Record:4:62-66; Dunn(1995):Pt4:553.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Wilkerson, 1959. Minerals of NJ
Bianchite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Hendricks, J: Notes on the minerals of Franklin & Sterling Hill (1960): Jenkins & Misiur: Mineralogical Record: 25:95-102 (1994); Dunn(1995):Pt5:630.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Reference: Johnson, C.A.: PhD dissertation, Yale Univ. (1990); Dunn(1995):Pt4:463.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Description: Occurs in weathered zones within the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody.
Reference: Frondel, et al: Am. Min.:45:871-875 (1960); Dunn(1995):Pt4:584.
'Bitumen'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: NJ State Geol. Ann. Rpt. (1906):154.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: Frondel, C.: The Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill - a checklist (1972); Jenkins & Misiur: Mineralogical Record:25:95-102, erratum:386 (1994); Dunn(1995):Pt4:530.
Bostwickite (TL)
Formula: CaMn3+6Si3O16 · 7H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Occurs in ore within the Franklin orebody.
Reference: Dunn & Leavens(1983); Mineralogical Magazine:47:387-389; Dunn(1995):Pt4:498.
Brandtite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 726; Gaines, R.V. (1959) American Mineralogist: 44: 199-200; Mineralogical Record: 13: 36; Dunn, P.J. (1995): Dunn, Pete J. (1995): Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world’s most magnificent mineral deposits, part 5: 659.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: The Minerals of NYC & Its Environs, NY Min. Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 69.
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Description: Occurred in the unique nickel-cobalt-arsenic assemblage.
Reference: Verbeek, E.R. & Sutphin H.B., The Picking Table:31(1):2-5 (1990); Dunn(1995):Pt4:544.
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Steven Kuitems
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Cook, D.K.: Recent work on the minerals of Franklin & Sterling Hill, NJ: Mineralogical Record:4:62-66 (1973); Jenkins & Misiur: Mineralogical Record: 25:95-102, erratum:386 (1994); Dunn(1995):Pt5:630.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Description: Occurs as small crystals in cavities in the Buckwheat Dolomite.
Reference: Peters, et al: The Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, NJ: Mineralogical Record:14:183-194; Dunn(1995)Pt4:584-585; Gordon, S.G.: Brookite Crystals from Franklin, New Jersey: Rocks & Min.:26:510-511(1951).
Brucite (TL)
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 273; NJ State Geol. Ann. Rpt(1900):186.
Brucite var. Nemalite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: NJ State Geol. Ann. Rpt(1900):186; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index", p488.
Bultfonteinite
Formula: Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt3:363.
Bustamite (TL)
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Habit: Blocky prismatic
Colour: Pale to medium pink, rarely rich dark pink
Fluorescence: Magenta red (LW UV) (rare)
Reference: Palache (1935): 69; Mason, B.: Am. Min.: 60: 209-212 (1975); Dunn (1995):Pt3:438.
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Henderson, Wm. A. (1980): Mullica Hill, New Jersey. Mineralogical Record 11, 307-311
Cahnite (TL)
Formula: Ca2[B(OH)4](AsO4)
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C. (1935) American Mineralogist: 26: 126; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 387; Dunn, P.J. (1995): Part5: 660-663.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 164 localities in this region.
Habit: anhedral cleavable masses, rare hexagonal prisms with rhomb terminations
Colour: white to pale grey
Fluorescence: magenta to pink (MW)
Description: Extremely coarse-grained cleavable masses of white to pale gray calcite make up most of the formation. Secondary calcite crystals in small dissolution cavities can reach 1 cm associated with quartz, pyrite, hematite, dolomite.
Reference: A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser (1978):9.
Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 88.
'Calcozincite'
Reference: A.Mathauser collection
Canaphite (TL)
Formula: Na2Ca(P2O7) · 4H2O
Reference: Peacor, et al (1985), Steriss, et al (1987)
Canavesite
Formula: Mg2(HBO3)(CO3) · 5H2O
Reference: Dunn, P.J. (1995) Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world's most magnificent mineral deposits, Part 4. Franklin, New Jersey: 755 pgs (619-620).
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Description: Occurs in a nepheline phonolite porphyry dike.
Reference: Am.Min.: 35: 500-507 (1950), Milton, C. & Davidson, N.: 500
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Description: Re-identified as a new mineral, jarosewichite
Reference: Cook (1973); Dunn et al. (1992b)
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Description: Reputedly found as sub-millimeter crystals in bornite. Contact with the person cited (Burke, E.A.J. (2013) personal communication) resulted in a disavowal of the cited 1983 personal communication. The mineral seems to have suffered from miscommunication.
Reference: Burke, E.A.J. (2013) personal communication; Burke, E.A.J.: (1983); Dunn(1995):Pt4:531.; Dunn (1995, 2004)
Caryopilite
Formula: Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Colour: Brown
Fluorescence: None.
Description: Occurs in a restricted assemblage only at this mine.
Reference: Dunn, P.J. (1995) Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world's most magnificent mineral deposits, 5 parts + 2 supplements, 978 pages (Part 4 pg 491).
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Chet Lemanski collection.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Palache(1935):129; Dunn(1995):Pt5:630-631.
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Frondel, et al: Am. Min.:51:1388-1393 (1966); Frondel, C.: The minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill - a checklist (1972); Dunn(1995):Pt4:509.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Description: A huge boulder of galena altering to cerussite was found during recent excavations in the pit. The cerussite is nicely crystallized.
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt4:620; Palalche(1935):57; Common knowledge of local collectors and museum officials.
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Habit: rhombohedra and penetration twins up to 45mm across
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 115
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Maertens, J. (2007) Collecting Minerals at Tilcon's Millington Quarry. The Tilcon Times, Summer:10.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Reference: Manchester, J.G. (1931) Minerals of New York City and its Environs. Bulletin of the New York Mineralogical Club, 3:67; American Mineralogist (1929) 14: 309-311
'Chalcodite'
Formula: K(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Reference: Nick Faciollo
Chalcophanite (TL)
Formula: ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Habit: Rhombohedral crystals on stalactites.
Colour: bluish black
Description: Occurs in weathered ore zones within the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody.
Reference: Moore G E (1875) On chalcophanite, a new mineral species. The American Chemist 6, 1-2; Palache(1935):52; Baum( J.L.: The Sterling Hill mud zone: The Picking Table:3(2):8-10 (1962); Dunn(1995):Pt4:587.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 66 localities in this region.
Reference: Jenkins & Misiur: Mineralogical Record:25:95-102 , erratum:386 (1994); Dunn(1995):Pt4:531.
Chalcopyrite var. Blister Copper
Formula: CuFeS2
Description: Occurs in vein openings with octahedral magnetite crystals and calcite, often coated with amphibole asbestos (byssolite).
Reference: C. Lemanski, Jr.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt4:470-471.
Charlesite (TL)
Formula: Ca6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Description: Was initially described as ettringite.
Reference: Dunn, et al: Am. Min.:68:1033-1037 (1983); Dunn (1995):Pt5:631.
'Chevkinite Group'
Reference: US Dept. of Interior Bur. of Mines Rpt of Investigation (ROI) #6885, Williams, R.L. (1967): 18.; Klemic, Harry; Heyl, A. V., Jr.; Taylor, A. R.; Stone, Jerome (1959) Radioactive rare-earth deposit at Scrub Oaks mine, Morris County, New Jersey. USGS Bull 1082B
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Reference: Van Fleet, James A. and Verbeek, Earl R.(2013) "Fluorescent Chrysotile From Sterling Hill, New Jersey." The Picking Table: Journal of the Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society 54, no. 1 : 17-21.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Description: Occurs as thin blackish films on fracture surfaces in massive andradite garnet. Limited number of specimens, perhaps only 2.
Reference: Nikischer, T.: The Picking Table:36(2):11 (1995); Dunn(1995):Pt3:363.
'Chloroferrokinoshitalite' (FRL)
Formula: (Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(Cl,OH,F)2
Description: Erroneously, first identified "anandite" as that was the "nearest" verified name.
Reference: Tracy, R. J., Reilly, L. K., and Skinner, B. J. (1987) Ba-rich Micas from the Franklin Marble: Implications for Metamorphic Fluid Compositions (abstract), EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, 68 (16): 467. Tracy, R. J. (1991) Barium-rich Micas from the Franklin Marble, Lime Crest, and Sterling Hill, New Jersey, American Mineralogist, 76: 1683-1693. Fleet, M. E. (2003) Deer, Howie, and Zussman Rock-Forming Minerals. Mica, v. 3A (second edition), p. 732. Sharygin V. V., Kryvdik S. G., Karmanov N. S., Nigmatulina E. N. (2014) [Chlorine-Containing Annite from Khlebodarovka (Azov Region, Ukraine)], Институт геохимии, минералогии и рудообразования им. Н.П. Семененко Национальной академии наук Украины (Киев), 36 (4): 77-94.
Chlorophoenicite (TL)
Formula: (Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 780; Albanese, J.S. (1967) Chlorophoenicite: Rocks & Minerals: 42: 888-889; Dunn, P.J. (1995): Part5: 665.
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Habit: rounded grains
Colour: orange-brown
Description: Mostly as rounded grains or crude crystals to 1 cm.
Reference: A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser (1978):9.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Bradley D. Plotkin collection
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Reference: Cook, D.K.: Mineralogical Record:4:62-66 (1973); Dunn(1995):Pt4:492
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Fluorescence: dim, pale yellow under long-wave (LW) ultraviolet (UV) light
Reference: Van Fleet, James A. and Verbeek, Earl R.(2013) "Fluorescent Chrysotile From Sterling Hill, New Jersey." The Picking Table: Journal of the Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society 54, no. 1 : 17-21.
Cianciulliite (TL)
Formula: Mn(Mg,Mn)2Zn2(OH)10 · 2-4H2O
Type Locality:
Description: A single specimen only with two additional suspected specimens (Franklin Mineral Museum assets).
Reference: Dunn, et al: AM. Min.:76:1708-1710 (1991); Dunn(1995):Pt4:588-589.
'Clays'
Reference: Laney and Husch (1998)
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt4:470.
Clinochlore var. Diabantite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Mins. of NYC & Environs (1931), Manchester.
'Clinochrysotile'
Reference: Aristarain, et al: Am. Min.:59:66-70 (1974); Foshag, W.F.: Am. Min.:11:38-39 (1926); Dunn(1995):Pt4:485.
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt5:666.
Clinohedrite (TL)
Formula: CaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Reference: Palache(1935):106; Dunn, et al: Am. Min.:68:1033-1037 (1983); Dunn(1995):Pt3:365.
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Reilly, L.C.: Senior Thesis, Yale Univ. (1983); Dunn, P.J.: Am. Min.:70:379-387 (1985); Dunn(1995):Pt3:347.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, deposit ID #10021755.
Clino-suenoite
Formula: □{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Klein, C. Jr. & Ito, J.: Am.Min.:53:1264-1275 (1968); Dunn, P.J. & Peacor, D.R.: Mineralogical Magazine: 48:271-275 (1984); Dunn(1995):Pt3:458-459.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt3:404.
'Clinozoisite-Epidote Series'
Reference: Van King
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Description: Clintonite is an enigmatic entry for this locality. It was "not observed" by Dunn (1995), but was reported in an article published in 1957 and 1958 that was a Ph. D. thesis by Henri Struwe, originally at Leiden University, The Netherlands (Data on the Mineralogy and Petrology of the Dolomite-Bearing Northern Contact Zone of the Querigut Granite: French Pyrenees by Struwe, Henri). The specimen was reported as from "Franklin". Confirmation of the specimen's identification seems valid, but where in the Franklin Marble it was actually found is unknown. The referenced specimen was located in The Netherlands, but while it was in dolomite, it did not contain clintonite, but did contain phlogopite in a fine-grained pulverant mixture. The Franklin Marble does extend into New York state and Amity is the type locality for clintonite, but it is uncertain if the identified specimen is even from New Jersey.
Reference: Struwe (1958), Dunn (1995)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Description: Only known specimen is at Harvard University. The material is similar to conichalcite from Utah or Mexico and is believed to be a misattributed specimen.
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt5:666.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Peters, et al: Mineralogical Record:14:183-194 (1983); Dunn(1995):Pt5:632.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Colour: Copper-red
Fluorescence: None
Description: Occurs embedded in massive ore minerals as specks, sheets and masses.
Reference: Burke & Dunn: Neues Jahrbuch für Min. Monatshefte: (1988):145-148; Palache(1935):26; Dunn(1995):Pt4:520.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Description: Occurs in hornfels related to the Palisades Diabase intrusion.
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 72.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Habit: crude hexagonal prisms
Colour: Pink, purplish, light to dark blue
Fluorescence: Red (LW) (pink colored only).
Description: As crude crystals to a few cm, some partly replaced by serpentine, rimmed by talc. Usually in a tough, massive tremolite, spinel, phlogopite, rutile rich rock.
Reference: A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser (1978):9.
Corundum var. Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Gems and Minerals of America- Jay Ellis Ransom -1974
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Frondel, C.: Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill - a checklist (1972); Dunn & Peacor: Min. Mag:47:381-385 (1983); Dunn(1995):Pt4:532.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: AmMin 10:152-155
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Description: Occurs in weathered zones within the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody.
Reference: Frondel, C.: Am. Min.:38:761-769, (1953); Dunn(1995):Pt4:591.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt3:453.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: Frondel, C.: Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill - a checklist (1972); Cook, D.K.: Recent work on the minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, NJ: Mineralogical Record:4:62-66; Palache(1935):36; Dunn(1995):Pt4:591.
Cuprite var. Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Description: Not rare as very small scale felt-like material associated with copper and chalcocite. Two good specimens from one pocket, with much larger xles, on copper, found in 1988.
Reference: Manchester, J.G. (1931) Minerals of New York City and its Environs. Bulletin of the New York Mineralogical Club, 3:67. Warren Cummings, personel communication, 2008
Cuprostibite
Formula: Cu2(Sb,Tl)
Fluorescence: None.
Description: Occurs as microscopic inclusions in a gray, massive willemite matrix associated with copper and domeykite.
Reference: Burke, E.A.J. & Dunn, P.J.: Neues Jahrbuch für Min. Monatshefte (1988):145-148; Dunn(1995):Pt4:545.
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: Palache(1935):102; Dunn(1995):Pt3:409.