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Krufter Ofen, Kruft, Mayen-Koblenz, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Krufter Ofen- not defined -
KruftMunicipality
Mayen-KoblenzDistrict
Rhineland-PalatinateState
GermanyCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 23' 44'' North , 7° 19' 10'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Kruft3,854 (2011)1.7km
Nickenich3,582 (2011)2.1km
Kretz783 (2017)3.0km
Mendig8,813 (2015)4.1km
Wassenach1,174 (2011)4.9km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Krufter Ofen, Kruft, Laacher See Komplex, Maria Laach, Eifel, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland


Abandoned pumice quarry located in a depression between Krufter Ofen, Heidekopf and Rother Berg mountains, 3.3 km NNE of Mendig and 3.3 km NW of Kruft.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


105 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
'Aeschynite'
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Minerale in Auswürflingen des Laacher -See –Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, SB 33, 65-105, 1990
Aeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Schäfer, Ch. & Schäfer, H. (2018) Über Dawsonit, Britholith, Ferriallanit und einige Amphibole aus den Auswürflingen des Laacher Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 69(4), 201-219
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Rath, G. v., Ueber die Krystallform des Bucklandit's (Orthit's) vom Laacher See, Ann. Phys. Chem. 113, 281-292, 1861
Allanite-(La)
Formula: {CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Eifel und dem Siegerland, Mineralien-Welt 10/3, 23, 1999
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Nöggerath, J., Das Gebirge in Rheinland-Westfalen, Bonn, 3. Band, S.286, 1824
Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neue mineralogische Erkenntnisse und neue Funde aus Eifel, Schwarzwald und Siegerland, Mineralien-Welt 7/2, 55, 1996
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neue Mineralfunde - mineralogische Raritäten - aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 7/5, 28, 1996
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Lasaulx, A. von, Ausgeschmolzener Granat aus einem Cordieritgneisauswürfling vom Laacher See, Naturhist. Verh. , 39, Sitzungsber., 129, 1882
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Uhlig, J., Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Granaten in vulkanischen Gesteinen und Auswürflingen des Niederrheins, Verh. Naturh. Ver. Preuss. Rheinl. etc. 67, 307-403, 1910
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Reference: Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Rath, G. v., Die chemische Zusammensetzung des Laacher Sanidins, Ann. Phys. Chem. 135, 1868
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München, 1983
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Eifel und dem Siegerland, Mineralien-Welt 10/3, 23, 1999
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Hentschel, G., Einige Funde ungewöhnlicher Minerale aus quartären Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel, Mainzer Geowiss. Mitt, 7, 151-154, 1978
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (VIII), Mineralien-Welt 4/5, 41, 1993
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Sandberger, Fr., Die Mineralien des Lacher Sees, Neues Jahrb. f. Min.,140-148, 1845
'Britholite Group'
Formula: (REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Minerale in Auswürflingen des Laacher -See –Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, SB 33, 65-105, 1990
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Wolf, Th., Die Auswürflinge des Laacher Sees, II. Sanidingesteine, Zeitschr. D. Deutschen geol. Ges., 20, 1-78, 1868
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Brauns, R. ; Uhlig, J., Cancrinit- und Nephelin-führende Auswürflinge aus dem Laacher See Gebiet, N.Jb. Mineral.Geol.Paläonolog., Beil. Band 56, Abt. A, 468-498, 1913
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Eifel und dem Siegerland, Mineralien-Welt 10/3, 23, 1999
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Eifel und dem Siegerland, Mineralien-Welt 10/3, 23, 1999
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (VI), Mineralien-Welt 3/6, 32-35, 1992
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Nöggerath, J., Das Gebirge in Rheinland-Westfalen, Bonn, 3. Band, S.286, 1824
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Sandberger, Fr., Die Mineralien des Lacher Sees, Neues Jahrb. f. Min.,140-148, 1845
Davyne
Formula: (Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Reference: Brauns, R. ; Uhlig, J., Cancrinit- und Nephelin-führende Auswürflinge aus dem Laacher See Gebiet, N.Jb. Mineral.Geol.Paläonolog., Beil. Band 56, Abt. A, 468-498, 1913
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Müller, H. D., Devillin von Mendig, ein Erstfund für die Vulkaneifel, Mineralien Welt 15/1, 26-27, 2004
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Eifel und dem Siegerland, Mineralien-Welt 10/3, 23, 1999
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch,U., Sebold, D., Neue Funde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 3/2004
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Minerale in Auswürflingen des Laacher -See –Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, SB 33, 65-105, 1990
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: Rath, G. v., Ein neues Mineral von Laach, Amblystegit, Ann. Phys. Chem. 138, 529 ff, 1869
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
'Fergusonite'
Reference: Hentschel, G., Neufunde seltener Minerale aus quartären Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel, Mainzer Geowiss. Mitt. 16, 91-96, 1987
Fergusonite-(Ce)
Formula: CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neue Mineralien und Bestimmungen (17), Mineralien-Welt 8/2, 16, 1997
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (IX), Mineralien-Welt 5/1,18, 1994
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Reference: Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Minerale in Auswürflingen des Laacher -See –Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, SB 33, 65-105, 1990
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Kalb, G., Über Minerale und Gesteine der niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Decheniana 98 A, 173-183, 1939
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München, 1983
Götzenite
Formula: NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: Blass, G., Götzenit als Neufund in einem sanidinitischen Auswürfling des Laacher-See-Vulkans, Mineralien-Welt 2/6, 76-78, 1991
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Uhlig, J., Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Granaten in vulkanischen Gesteinen und Auswürflingen des Niederrheins, Verh. Naturh. Ver. Preuss. Rheinl. etc. 67, 307-403, 1910
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München, 1983
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Eifel und dem Siegerland, Mineralien-Welt 10/3, 23, 1999
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Reference: Nose, C.W., Mineralogische Studien über die Gebirge am Niederrhein, J.J.Nöggerath (Herausgeber) Frankfurt /Main, 1808
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (VI), Mineralien-Welt 3/6, 32-35, 1992
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Minerale in Auswürflingen des Laacher -See –Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, SB 33, 65-105, 1990
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Brauns, R., Die kristallinen Schiefer des Laacher See Gebietesund ihre Umbildung zu Sanidinit, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1911
Hiortdahlite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Reference: Hentschel, G., Neue Mineralfunde aus quartären Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel, Mainzer Geowis. Mitt. 15, 215-218, 1986
Huttonite
Formula: ThSiO4
Reference: Blass, G.; Schäfer, Ch. , Huttonit- und Xenotim-(Y) – Neufunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 13/3, 32-35, 2002
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Blass, G.; Schäfer, Ch. , Über eine ungewöhnliche Paragenese mit Pyrophanit und Hydrozinkit vom Laacher See, Mineralien-Welt 4/1, 14, 1993
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München, 1983
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Hentschel, G., Jarosit im Laacher Bims, Aufschluß 25, 539, 1974
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Reference: Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
Låvenite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Reference: Hentschel, G., Einige Funde ungewöhnlicher Minerale aus quartären Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel, Mainzer Geowiss. Mitt, 7, 151-154, 1978
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neue Mineralien und Bestimmungen (18), Mineralien-Welt 8/3, 15, 1997
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (13), Mineralien-Welt 6/3, 47, 1995
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München, 1983
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Reference: Rath, G. v., Mejonit vom Laacher See, Ann. Phys. Chem. 119, 262-269., 1863
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch,U., Sebold, D., Neue Funde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 3/2004
'Monazite'
Reference: Rath, G., v., Ein neues Vorkommen von Monazit (Turnerit) am Laacher-See, Ann. Phys. Chem., Erg.-Bd. 5, 413-420, 1871
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (VI), Mineralien-Welt 3/6, 32-35, 1992
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Minerale in Auswürflingen des Laacher -See –Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, SB 33, 65-105, 1990
Mullite
Formula: Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (X), Mineralien-Welt 5/2, 43, 1994
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Wolf, Th., Die Auswürflinge des Laacher Sees, I. Urgesteine, Zeitschr. D. Deutschen geol. Ges., 19, 451-492, 1867
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Hentschel, G., Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Laacher Vulkangebiet, Mainzer Geowiss. Mitt. 9, 121-125, 1980
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Wolf, Th., Die Auswürflinge des Laacher Sees, II. Sanidingesteine, Zeitschr. D. Deutschen geol. Ges., 20, 1-78, 1868
Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch,U., Neue Funde aus der Vukaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 5/2003
Nosean
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Reference: Klapproth, M.H., Chemische Untersuchung des Spinellans, Bd 6, 50, 371-376, 1815
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Minerale in Auswürflingen des Laacher -See –Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, SB 33, 65-105, 1990
Perrierite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (VIII), Mineralien-Welt 4/5, 41, 1993
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
Polycrase-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
'Polymignite'
Formula: (Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
Description: Polymignite is considered a metamict variety of zirconolite. Zirconolite group minerals from Laach volcano are not metamict because of their young age.
Reference: http://www.jkrieger.de/stones/krufterofen.html; https://e-rocks.com/item/jyj70160/polymignite; http://www.strahlen.org/forum/index.php?topic=5427.25
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Reference: Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch,U., Neue Funde aus der Vukaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 5/2003
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Hubard, L., Ueber Azor-Pyrrhit und Zirkon vom Laacher See; Pyrrhit und Azorit von San Miguel, Verh. Naturh. Ver. Preuss. Rheinl. etc. 43, 214-220, 1886
'Pyrochlore Group var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno)'
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
'Pyrochlore Group var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel , Mineralien-Welt 12/1, 17-25, 2001
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Reference: Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch,U., Neue Funde und Mineralien aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 13/1, 52-57, 2002
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Pyroxmangite
Formula: MnSiO3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Brauns, R., Die kristallinen Schiefer des Laacher See Gebietesund ihre Umbildung zu Sanidinit, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1911
Rhabdophane-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4) · H2O
Reference: [Hentschel, G., (1983): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München] [Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors]
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: [Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors]
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München, 1983
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Laacher Vulkangebiet, Mainzer Geowiss. Mitt. 9, 121-125, 1980
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Bruhns, W. , Die Auswürflinge des Laacher Sees in ihren petrographischen und genetischen Beziehungen, Verh. Naturh. Ver., 48, 282-354, 1892
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (VIII), Mineralien-Welt 4/5, 41, 1993
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel , Mineralien-Welt 12/1, 17-25, 2001
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Rath, G. v., Die chemische Zusammensetzung des Laacher Sanidins, Ann. Phys. Chem. 135, 1868
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München, 1983
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Dittmar, C., Mikroskpische Untersuchung der aus kristallinischen Gesteinen, insbesondere aus Schiefer herrührenden Auswürflinge des Laacher Sees, Verh. D. Naturhist. Ver. 44, 477-509, 1887
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (14), Mineralien-Welt 6/4, 37, 1995
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Minerale in Auswürflingen des Laacher -See –Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, SB 33, 65-105, 1990
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München, 1983
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel , Mineralien-Welt 12/1, 17-25, 2001
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (VIII), Mineralien-Welt 4/5, 41, 1993
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Rath, G. v., Ueber den Titanit vom Laacher See, Ann. Phys. Chem. 155, 466-472, 1862
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Dittmar, C., Mikroskpische Untersuchung der aus kristallinischen Gesteinen, insbesondere aus Schiefer herrührenden Auswürflinge des Laacher Sees, Verh. D. Naturhist. Ver. 44, 477-509, 1887
Wöhlerite
Formula: NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Reference: Hentschel, G., Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Laacher Vulkangebiet, Mainzer Geowiss. Mitt. 9, 121-125, 1980
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München, 1983
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Blass, G.; Schäfer, Ch. , Huttonit- und Xenotim-(Y) – Neufunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 13/3, 32-35, 2002
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Hubard, L., Ueber Azor-Pyrrhit und Zirkon vom Laacher See; Pyrrhit und Azorit von San Miguel, Verh. Naturh. Ver. Preuss. Rheinl. etc. 43, 214-220, 1886
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Reference: Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch,U., Zirkonolith (CaZrTi2O7) aus der Vulkaneifel: Nachweis drei verschiedener Polytypoide, Mineralien Welt 14/3, 352-35, 2003
'Zirconolite-3O'
Formula: (Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Reference: Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch,U., Zirkonolith (CaZrTi2O7) aus der Vulkaneifel: Nachweis drei verschiedener Polytypoide, Mineralien Welt 14/3, 352-35, 2003
'Zirconolite-3T'
Formula: (Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Reference: Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch,U., Zirkonolith (CaZrTi2O7) aus der Vulkaneifel: Nachweis drei verschiedener Polytypoide, Mineralien Welt 14/3, 352-35, 2003

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Anilite2.BA.10Cu7S4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Ce)4.DF.05(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Maghemite4.BB.15(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)4.DF.05(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Polycrase-(Y)4.DG.05Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Pseudobrookite4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno)'4.00.(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
'var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25YFe3+Nb2O8
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Alumohydrocalcite5.DB.05CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Fergusonite-(Ce)7.GA.05CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Szomolnokite7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Rhabdophane-(Ce)8.CJ.45Ce(PO4) · H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La)9.BG.05b{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Bustamite9.DG.05CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Davyne9.FB.05(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferrosilite9.DA.05FeSiO3
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Götzenite9.BE.22NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Haüyne9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hiortdahlite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Huttonite9.AD.35ThSiO4
Kaersutite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Låvenite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mullite9.AF.20Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Perrierite-(Ce)9.BE.70Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyroxmangite9.DO.05MnSiO3
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Wöhlerite9.BE.17NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Aeschynite'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Britholite Group'-(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fergusonite'-
'Monazite'-
'Polymignite' ?-(Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Zirconolite-3O'-(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
'Zirconolite-3T'-(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Anilite2.4.7.5Cu7S4
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.3.7.1(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Jacobsite7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB2X5
Pseudobrookite7.7.1.1Fe2TiO5
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Ce)8.1.1.3CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1YFe3+Nb2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Ce)8.3.6.1(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)8.3.6.2(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Polycrase-(Y)8.3.8.1Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Alumohydrocalcite16b.2.3.1CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
Szomolnokite29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Rhabdophane-(Ce)40.4.7.1Ce(PO4) · H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Tephroite51.3.1.4Mn2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Huttonite51.5.3.1ThSiO4
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Mullite52.2.3.1Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Götzenite56.2.5.4NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Hiortdahlite56.2.4.7(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Låvenite56.2.4.4(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Perrierite-(Ce)56.2.8.3Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Wöhlerite56.2.4.5NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La)58.2.1a.2{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Ferrosilite65.1.2.2FeSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Bustamite65.2.1.2CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=7
Pyroxmangite65.6.1.1MnSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Kaersutite66.1.3a.18{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Davyne76.2.5.5(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Haüyne76.2.3.3(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean76.2.3.2Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Aeschynite'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Britholite Group'-(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fergusonite'-
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Monazite'-
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Polymignite' ?-(Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
'Pyrochlore Group
var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno)'
-(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
'Zirconolite-3O'-(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
'Zirconolite-3T'-(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno))(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Fergusonite-(Ce)CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
H Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
H Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
H Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C AragoniteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O CorundumAl2O3
O Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Zirconolite-3O(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O RutileTiO2
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
O Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
O NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O CalciteCaCO3
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O QuartzSiO2
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O TephroiteMn22+SiO4
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
O BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno))(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
O PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
O PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
O GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O BaryteBaSO4
O Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
O Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
O ThorianiteThO2
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Fergusonite-(Ce)CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
O Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
O Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
O Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
O HuttoniteThSiO4
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
O PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
O ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O FerrosiliteFeSiO3
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Zirconolite-3T(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
O Polymignite(Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
F WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
F Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
F GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
F Pyrochlore Group (var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
NaSodium
Na Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Na WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Na Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Na NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Na MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Na Pyrochlore Group (var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno))(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
Na Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Na Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
AlAluminium
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Al NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Al AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
SiSilicon
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Si Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Si NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Si BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Si MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Si Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Si HuttoniteThSiO4
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si FerrosiliteFeSiO3
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
P Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
SSulfur
S Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
S NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
S MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S DigeniteCu9S5
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S AniliteCu7S4
ClChlorine
Cl Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Cl MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Cl Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Cl SylviteKCl
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K SylviteKCl
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ca Zirconolite-3O(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Ca WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ca Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Ca BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Ca Pyrochlore Group (var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno))(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
Ca Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Ca Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Ca Pyrochlore Group (var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ca Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Ca Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Ca ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ca Zirconolite-3T(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Ca Polymignite(Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
TiTitanium
Ti Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ti Zirconolite-3O(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Ti Pyrochlore Group (var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno))(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
Ti PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Ti Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ti GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Ti Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ti Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Ti Pyrochlore Group (var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ti Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Ti Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Ti PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Ti ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ti Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ti Zirconolite-3T(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Ti Polymignite(Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
MnManganese
Mn Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Mn Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Mn BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Mn JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Mn PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Mn PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Zirconolite-3O(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Fe JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Fe Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Fe Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
Fe Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Fe PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Fe FerrosiliteFeSiO3
Fe Zirconolite-3T(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Fe Polymignite(Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
CuCopper
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu AniliteCu7S4
ZnZinc
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
YYttrium
Y Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Y Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Polymignite(Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
ZrZirconium
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Zr Zirconolite-3O(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Zr WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Zr ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Zr Zirconolite-3T(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Zr Polymignite(Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
NbNiobium
Nb Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Nb Zirconolite-3O(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Nb Pyrochlore Group (var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno))(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
Nb Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Nb Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Nb Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Nb Fergusonite-(Ce)CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
Nb Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Nb Pyrochlore Group (var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Nb Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Nb Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Nb Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Zirconolite-3T(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Nb Polymignite(Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
LaLanthanum
La Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CeCerium
Ce Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
Ce Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Ce Fergusonite-(Ce)CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Pyrochlore Group (var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ce Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Ce Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
TaTantalum
Ta Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ta Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ta Pyrochlore Group (var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ta Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Ta Polymignite(Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
ThThorium
Th ThorianiteThO2
Th HuttoniteThSiO4
Th Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Th Polymignite(Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
UUranium
U Pyrochlore Group (var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
U Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Meyer, W. (1983) Geologischer Wanderführer: Eifel. Franckh'sche Verlangshandlung W. Keller & Co., Stuttgart.
Schäfer, C. and Schäfer, H. (2018) Über Dawsonit, Britholith, Ferriallanit und einige Amphibole aus den Auswürflingen des Laacher Vulkans. Der Aufschluss, 69(4), 201-219.

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