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Lanmuchang Tl-Hg deposit, Xingren Co., Qianxinan, Guizhou, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Lanmuchang Tl-Hg depositDeposit
Xingren Co.County
QianxinanPrefecture
GuizhouProvince
ChinaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
25° 31' 28'' North , 105° 30' 30'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
滥木厂砣汞矿, 兴仁县, 黔西南布依族苗族自治州, 贵州省, 中国


The thallium ore bodies extend over an area of about 1.5 square km. They contain lorandite as the major ore mineral.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


31 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Acta Mineral. Sinica: 21(3):271-277, in Chinese, English abs.
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Acta Mineral. Sinica: 21(3):271-277, in Chinese, English abs.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Tangfu Xiao (2001): PhD Thesis, University of Québec, Canda.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Anthony, J.W. et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Zhang Zhong, Zhang Baogui, Hu Jing, Yao Linbo, and Tian Yifu (2007): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 50(3), 359-370.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Zhang Zhong, Zhang Baogui, Long Jiangping, Zhang Xingmao, and Chen Guoli (1998): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 41(1), 45-81.
Christite
Formula: TlHgAsS3
Reference: Shuren An, Xianguo An, and Xilin Li (1988): Guizhou Geology 5(4), 377; Zhong Zhang, Guoli Chen, Baogui Zhang, Yecai Chen, and Xingmao Zhang (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(5), 27-30
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Tangfuo Xiao, Jayanta Guha, and D. Boyle (2004): Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis 4(3), 243-252.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Zhang Zhong, Zhang Baogui, Long Jiangping, Zhang Xingmao, and Chen Guoli (1998): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 41(1), 45-81.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Zhang Zhong, Zhang Baogui, Long Jiangping, Zhang Xingmao, and Chen Guoli (1998): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 41(1), 45-81.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Zhang Zhong, Zhang Baogui, Long Jiangping, Zhang Xingmao, and Chen Guoli (1998): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 41(1), 45-81.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Acta Mineral. Sinica: 21(3):271-277, in Chinese, English abs.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Zhang Zhong, Zhang Baogui, Hu Jing, Yao Linbo, and Tian Yifu (2007): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 50(3), 359-370.
Imhofite
Formula: Tl5.8As15.4S26
Reference: Tangfu Xiao (2001): PhD Thesis, University of Québec, Canda.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Acta Mineral. Sinica: 21(3):271-277, in Chinese, English abs.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Zhang Zhong, Zhang Baogui, Hu Jing, Yao Linbo, and Tian Yifu (2007): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 50(3), 359-370.
Lanmuchangite (TL)
Formula: Tl+Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Chen Daiyan, Wang Guanxin, Zou Zhenxi, and Chen Yuming (2001): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 21(3), 271-277.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Zhang Zhong, Zhang Baogui, Hu Jing, Yao Linbo, and Tian Yifu (2007): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 50(3), 359-370.
Lorándite
Formula: TlAsS2
Reference: Zhang Baogui, and Zhang Zhong (2001): The biological and reworking metallogenic models of the Lanmuchang Tl deposit. Paper at the 11th Annual V.M. Goldschmidt Conference.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Anthony, J.W. et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Acta Mineral. Sinica: 21(3):271-277, in Chinese, English abs.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Zhang Zhong, Zhang Baogui, Long Jiangping, Zhang Xingmao, and Chen Guoli (1998): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 41(1), 45-81.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Zhang Zhong, Zhang Baogui, Long Jiangping, Zhang Xingmao, and Chen Guoli (1998): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 41(1), 45-81.
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Tangfuo Xiao, Jayanta Guha, and D. Boyle (2004): Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis 4(3), 243-252.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Acta Mineral. Sinica: 21(3):271-277, in Chinese, English abs.
Picropharmacolite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Zhang Baogui et al. (1996): Geochemistry of thallium in the gold ore belt, Guizhou Province, southwestern China. In: Tu Guangzhi (ed.): Low-Temperature Geochemistry. Science Press (Beijing), pp. 8-14.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Anthony, J.W. et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy
Pyrite var: Thallian Arsenian Pyrite
Formula: (Fe,Tl)(S,As)2
Reference: Zhong Zhang, Guoli Chen, Baogui Zhang, Yecai Chen, and Xingmao Zhang (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(5), 27-30
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Zhang Zhong, Zhang Baogui, Hu Jing, Yao Linbo, and Tian Yifu (2007): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 50(3), 359-370.
Raguinite
Formula: TlFeS2
Reference: Zhang Zhong, Zhang Baogui, Hu Jing, Yao Linbo, and Tian Yifu (2007): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 50(3), 359-370.
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Tangfuo Xiao, Jayanta Guha, and D. Boyle (2004): Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis 4(3), 243-252.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Zhang Zhong, Chen Guoli, Zhang Baogui, Chen Yecai, and Zhang Xingmao (2000): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 43 (1), 50-62.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Tangfu Xiao (2001): PhD Thesis, University of Québec, Canda.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Acta Mineral. Sinica: 21(3):271-277, in Chinese, English abs.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Zhang Zhong, Zhang Baogui, Long Jiangping, Zhang Xingmao, and Chen Guoli (1998): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 41(1), 45-81.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Christite2.HD.15TlHgAsS3
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Imhofite2.HD.30Tl5.8As15.4S26
Lorándite2.HD.05TlAsS2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Thallian Arsenian Pyrite2.EB.05a(Fe,Tl)(S,As)2
Raguinite2.CB.60TlFeS2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alum-(K)7.CC.20KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Lanmuchangite (TL)7.CC.20Tl+Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Picropharmacolite8.CH.15Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Raguinite2.9.9.1TlFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Christite3.4.10.1TlHgAsS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Imhofite3.5.11.1Tl5.8As15.4S26
ø = 2
Lorándite3.7.6.1TlAsS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Arsenolite4.3.9.1As2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Alum-(K)29.5.5.1KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Picropharmacolite39.2.4.1Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lanmuchangite (TL)-Tl+Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrite
var: Thallian Arsenian Pyrite
-(Fe,Tl)(S,As)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H LanmuchangiteTl+Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O LanmuchangiteTl+Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O ArsenoliteAs2O3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
AlAluminium
Al LanmuchangiteTl+Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
SSulfur
S LanmuchangiteTl+Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S SulphurS8
S LoránditeTlAsS2
S RealgarAs4S4
S OrpimentAs2S3
S CinnabarHgS
S ChristiteTlHgAsS3
S BaryteBaSO4
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S RaguiniteTlFeS2
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ImhofiteTl5.8As15.4S26
S Pyrite (var: Thallian Arsenian Pyrite)(Fe,Tl)(S,As)2
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
FeIron
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe RaguiniteTlFeS2
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Pyrite (var: Thallian Arsenian Pyrite)(Fe,Tl)(S,As)2
AsArsenic
As ArsenoliteAs2O3
As LoránditeTlAsS2
As RealgarAs4S4
As OrpimentAs2S3
As ChristiteTlHgAsS3
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As ImhofiteTl5.8As15.4S26
As PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
As Pyrite (var: Thallian Arsenian Pyrite)(Fe,Tl)(S,As)2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg ChristiteTlHgAsS3
TlThallium
Tl LanmuchangiteTl+Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Tl LoránditeTlAsS2
Tl ChristiteTlHgAsS3
Tl RaguiniteTlFeS2
Tl ImhofiteTl5.8As15.4S26
Tl Pyrite (var: Thallian Arsenian Pyrite)(Fe,Tl)(S,As)2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Shuren An, Xianguo An, and Xilin Li (1988): Discovery and Study of Rare Natural Christite in Guizhou. Guizhou Geology 5(4), 377.
Zhang Zhong, Zhang Baogui, Long Jiangping, Zhang Xingmao, and Chen Guoli (1998): Thallium pollution associated with mining of thallium deposits. Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 41(1), 45-81.
Zhenxi Zou and Daiyan Chen (1998): The discovery of exsolution texture on christite in Lanmuchang thallium ore deposit and its significance. Journal of Guizhou University of Technology 19(4).
Baogui Zhang and Zhong Zhang (2000): Biogenic Lorandite and Its Geological Significance in Xingren County, Guizhou Province. Geological Journal of China Universities 6(2), 349-355 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Zhong Zhang, Guoli Chen, Baogui Zhang, Yecai Chen, and Xingmao Zhang (2000): The Lanmuchang Tl deposit and its environmental geochemistry. Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 43(1), 50-62.
Zhong Zhang, Guoli Chen, Baogui Zhang, Yecai Chen, and Xingmao Zhang (2000): The marks for the prospecting of ores and the indices for the identifying of contamination are the high contents of Tl, Hg, As in plants and animals in the Lanmuchang Tl mining district. Geology and Prospecting 36(5), 27-30.
Tangfu Xiao (2001): Environmental impact of thallium related to the mercury-thallium-gold mineralization in southwest Guizhou Province, China. PhD Thesis, University of Chicoutimi (Québec), Canada, 250 pp. [http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/s4/f2/dsk3/ftp04/NQ65214.pdf]
Tangfu Xiao, Guha, J., and Boyle, D. (2004): High thallium content in rocks associated with Au–As–Hg–Tl and coal mineralization and its adverse environmental potential in SW Guizhou, China. Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis, 4(3), 243-252.
Zhang Zhong, Zhang Baogui, Hu Jing, Yao Linbo, and Tian Yifu (2007): A preliminary discussion on the bio-metallogenesis of Tl deposits in the low-temperature minerogenetic province of southwestern China. Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 50(3), 359-370.

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