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Great Australia Mine, Cloncurry, Cloncurry Shire, Queensland, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Great Australia MineMine
CloncurryTown
Cloncurry ShireShire
QueenslandState
AustraliaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
20° 43' 10'' South , 140° 30' 38'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Cloncurry2,384 (2015)1.4km


An operating copper-gold mine located 2 kms south of Cloncurry.

The Great Australian Mine was discovered by the explorer Ernest Henry in the 1867, and Cloncurry was settled to service this mine and others nearby which were developed subsequently. The mine was operated spasmodically till 1919, due to its isolation, but reopened in about 1995. It now operated by CopperChem and is still being open cut mined today. Ore is currently mined in three open pits at a rate of approximately 700,000 tonnes per year. In 2009 indicated and inferred reserves were shown as 2.2Mt @0.14g/t Au and 1.55%Cu.

The ores were fault-related veins in early Proterozoic dolostone, metadolerite and metatuff. There was an extensive supergene zone rich in native copper, cuprite and chalcocite; the primary ore was chalcopyrite rich.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

41 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Marshall, L.J., Oliver, N.H.S., and Davidson, G.J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 429-452.; Cannell, J., & Davidson, G. J. (1998). A carbonate-dominated copper-cobalt breccia-vein system at the Great Australia Deposit, Mount Isa eastern succession. Economic Geology, 93(8), 1406-1421.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Marshall, L.J., Oliver, N.H.S., and Davidson, G.J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 429-452.; Cannell, J., & Davidson, G. J. (1998). A carbonate-dominated copper-cobalt breccia-vein system at the Great Australia Deposit, Mount Isa eastern succession. Economic Geology, 93(8), 1406-1421.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: [UKJMM 19:24]
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: [UKJMM 19:24]; Melchiorre, E. B., & Williams, P. A. (2001). Stable isotope characterization of the thermal profile and subsurface biological activity during oxidation of the Great Australia deposit, Cloncurry, Queensland, Australia. Economic Geology, 96(7), 1685-1693.
Barlowite (TL)
Formula: Cu4BrF(OH)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Elliott, P. and Cooper, M.A. (2010). Barlowite, IMA 2010-020. CNMNC Newsletter, August 2010, p.798, Mineralogical Magazine 74, 797-800.: Elliott, P., Cooper, M.A. & Pring, A. (2014): Barlowite, Cu4FBr(OH)6, a new mineral isotructural with claringbullite: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 78,1755-1762.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Marshall, L.J., Oliver, N.H.S., and Davidson, G.J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 429-452.; Cannell, J., & Davidson, G. J. (1998). A carbonate-dominated copper-cobalt breccia-vein system at the Great Australia Deposit, Mount Isa eastern succession. Economic Geology, 93(8), 1406-1421.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: [UKJMM 19:24]
Buttgenbachite
Formula: Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy Vol V
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Marshall, L.J., Oliver, N.H.S., and Davidson, G.J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 429-452.; Cannell, J., & Davidson, G. J. (1998). A carbonate-dominated copper-cobalt breccia-vein system at the Great Australia Deposit, Mount Isa eastern succession. Economic Geology, 93(8), 1406-1421.; Melchiorre, E. B., & Williams, P. A. (2001). Stable isotope characterization of the thermal profile and subsurface biological activity during oxidation of the Great Australia deposit, Cloncurry, Queensland, Australia. Economic Geology, 96(7), 1685-1693.; Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Crane, M.J., Sharpe, J.L., and Williams, P.A. (2001): Records of the Australian Museum 53, 49-56.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Cannell, J., & Davidson, G. J. (1998). A carbonate-dominated copper-cobalt breccia-vein system at the Great Australia Deposit, Mount Isa eastern succession. Economic Geology, 93(8), 1406-1421.; Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Marshall, L.J., Oliver, N.H.S., and Davidson, G.J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 429-452.; Cannell, J., & Davidson, G. J. (1998). A carbonate-dominated copper-cobalt breccia-vein system at the Great Australia Deposit, Mount Isa eastern succession. Economic Geology, 93(8), 1406-1421.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: [UKJMM 19:24]; Sharpe, J.L. & Williams, P.A. (2000) Exotic Secondary Copper Mineralization in the Eastern Mt Isa Block, Northwest Queensland. The Royal Society of New South Wales 133:31-32
Claringbullite
Formula: Cu4ClF(OH)6
Description: Fejerite is discredited
Reference: Museum Victoria specimen http://collections.museumvictoria.com.au/object.php?irn=45991 [UKJMM 19:24]; Sharpe, J.L. & Williams, P.A. (2000) Exotic Secondary Copper Mineralization in the Eastern Mt Isa Block, Northwest Queensland. The Royal Society of New South Wales 133:31-32
Cloncurryite (TL)
Formula: Cu0.5(VO)0.5Al2(PO4)2F2 · 5H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: Monoclinic
Colour: Sky blue to colourless
Fluorescence: No
Description: One only confirmed find in 1999 by Volker Hoppe
Reference: Colchester, D.M., Leverett, P., McKinnon, A.R., Sharpe, J.L., Williams, P.A., Hibbs, D.E., Turner, P. & Hoppe, V.H. (2007) Cloncurryite, Cu0.56(VO)0.44Al2(PO4)2(F,OH)2.5H2O, a new mineral from the Great Australia mine, Cloncurry, Queensland, Australia, an its relationship to nevadaite. Australian Journal of Mineralogy: 13(1): 5-13.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Hibbs, Leverette, Williams (2006) Connellite from Bisbee Arizona: A single Crystal X-ray Study Axis Vol 2 No. 2 http://www.minrec.org/pdfs/CONNELLITE.pdf
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: [UKJMM 19:24]
Cornetite
Formula: Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Reference: Crane, M.J., Sharpe, J.L., and Williams, P.A. (2001): Records of the Australian Museum 53, 49-56.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: [UKJMM 19:24]
Cuprite var:
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: AJM, Vol 3, 1997, p 125
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Reference: No reference listed
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Crane, M.J., Sharpe, J.L., and Williams, P.A. (2001): Records of the Australian Museum 53, 49-56.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Specimen M 48903 registered with Museum Victoria; Melchiorre, E. B., & Williams, P. A. (2001). Stable isotope characterization of the thermal profile and subsurface biological activity during oxidation of the Great Australia deposit, Cloncurry, Queensland, Australia. Economic Geology, 96(7), 1685-1693.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Marshall, L.J., Oliver, N.H.S., and Davidson, G.J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 429-452.; Cannell, J., & Davidson, G. J. (1998). A carbonate-dominated copper-cobalt breccia-vein system at the Great Australia Deposit, Mount Isa eastern succession. Economic Geology, 93(8), 1406-1421.; Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
Gerhardtite
Formula: Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Reference: Wallace, M.E., Pring, A. (1990) Gerhardtite, a copper hydroxy-nitrate from the Great Australia mine, Cloncurry, Queensland. Australian Mineral. 5, 51-54. Sharpe, J.L., Williams, P.A. (2000) Exotic Secondary Copper Mineralization in the Eastern Mt Isa Block, Northwest Queensland. The Royal Society of New South Wales, 133:31-32. Melchiorre, E.B., Williams, P.A., Rose, T.P., Talyn, B.C. (2006) Biogenic nitrogen from termite mounds and the origin of Gerhardtite at the Great Australia Mine, Cloncurry, Queensland, Australia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(6), 1447-1455.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Crane, M.J., Sharpe, J.L., and Williams, P.A. (2001): Records of the Australian Museum 53, 49-56.; Melchiorre, E. B., & Williams, P. A. (2001). Stable isotope characterization of the thermal profile and subsurface biological activity during oxidation of the Great Australia deposit, Cloncurry, Queensland, Australia. Economic Geology, 96(7), 1685-1693.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Cannell, J., & Davidson, G. J. (1998). A carbonate-dominated copper-cobalt breccia-vein system at the Great Australia Deposit, Mount Isa eastern succession. Economic Geology, 93(8), 1406-1421.; Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Marshall, L.J., Oliver, N.H.S., and Davidson, G.J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 429-452.
Hentschelite
Formula: CuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Crane, M. M., Sharpe, J. L. and Williams, P. A. (2001): Formation of chrysocolla and secondary copper phosphates in the highly weathered supergene zones of some Australian deposits. Records of the Australian Museum, 53, 49-56.
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: [UKJMM 19:24]
Likasite
Formula: Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Reference: Sharpe, J.L., Williams, P.A. (2000) Exotic Secondary Copper Mineralization in the Eastern Mt Isa Block, Northwest Queensland. The Royal Society of New South Wales, 133:31-32.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Ken Stockdale collection
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Marshall, L.J., Oliver, N.H.S., and Davidson, G.J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 429-452.; Cannell, J., & Davidson, G. J. (1998). A carbonate-dominated copper-cobalt breccia-vein system at the Great Australia Deposit, Mount Isa eastern succession. Economic Geology, 93(8), 1406-1421.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: [UKJMM 19:24]; Melchiorre, E. B., & Williams, P. A. (2001). Stable isotope characterization of the thermal profile and subsurface biological activity during oxidation of the Great Australia deposit, Cloncurry, Queensland, Australia. Economic Geology, 96(7), 1685-1693.; Sharpe, J.L. & Williams, P.A. (2000) Exotic Secondary Copper Mineralization in the Eastern Mt Isa Block, Northwest Queensland. The Royal Society of New South Wales 133:31-32
Nantokite
Formula: CuCl
Description: Was an ore mineral.
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy; Sharpe, J.L. & Williams, P.A. (2000) Exotic Secondary Copper Mineralization in the Eastern Mt Isa Block, Northwest Queensland. The Royal Society of New South Wales 133:31-32
Nitromagnesite
Formula: Mg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: [UKJMM 19:24]
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Marshall, L.J., Oliver, N.H.S., and Davidson, G.J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 429-452.; Cannell, J., & Davidson, G. J. (1998). A carbonate-dominated copper-cobalt breccia-vein system at the Great Australia Deposit, Mount Isa eastern succession. Economic Geology, 93(8), 1406-1421.; Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Marshall, L.J., Oliver, N.H.S., and Davidson, G.J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 429-452.; Cannell, J., & Davidson, G. J. (1998). A carbonate-dominated copper-cobalt breccia-vein system at the Great Australia Deposit, Mount Isa eastern succession. Economic Geology, 93(8), 1406-1421.
Quartz var:
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Crane, M.J., Sharpe, J.L., and Williams, P.A. (2001): Records of the Australian Museum 53, 49-56.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Ken Stockdale collection
Spangolite
Formula: Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Reference: The identification was made by Dr Peter Elliott at the South Australian Museum.
Spertiniite
Formula: Cu(OH)2
Reference: Vic Cloete collection
Turquoise
Formula: CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Crane, M.J., Sharpe, J.L., and Williams, P.A. (2001): Records of the Australian Museum 53, 49-56.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Barlowite (TL)3.DA.15Cu4BrF(OH)6
Buttgenbachite3.DA.25Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Claringbullite3.DA.15Cu4ClF(OH)6
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Nantokite3.AA.05CuCl
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Delafossite4.AB.15CuFeO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Spertiniite4.FD.05Cu(OH)2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Gerhardtite5.NB.05Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Likasite5.ND.05Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Nitromagnesite5.NC.05Mg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Spangolite7.DD.15Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Cloncurryite (TL)8.DC.60Cu0.5(VO)0.5Al2(PO4)2F2 · 5H2O
Cornetite8.BE.15Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Hentschelite8.BB.40CuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Turquoise8.DD.15CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Spertiniite6.2.4.1Cu(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
ABX2
Delafossite7.1.1.1CuFeO2
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Nantokite9.1.7.1CuCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Am(O,OH)pXq
Barlowite (TL)10.5.6.2Cu4BrF(OH)6
Claringbullite10.5.6.1Cu4ClF(OH)6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 18 - NORMAL NITRATES
A(XO3)2·xH2O, where x can equal zero
Nitromagnesite18.2.3.1Mg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Group 19 - NITRATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Anhydrous Nitrates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Buttgenbachite19.1.2.1Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Gerhardtite19.1.1.1Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Likasite19.1.5.1Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Spangolite31.1.5.1Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Cornetite41.3.2.1Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Hentschelite41.10.1.3CuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Cloncurryite (TL)-Cu0.5(VO)0.5Al2(PO4)2F2 · 5H2O
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CloncurryiteCu0.5(VO)0.5Al2(PO4)2F2 · 5H2O
H BarlowiteCu4BrF(OH)6
H CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H NitromagnesiteMg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
H HentscheliteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H SpertiniiteCu(OH)2
H ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H LikasiteCu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
H SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
NNitrogen
N GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
N NitromagnesiteMg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
N ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
N LikasiteCu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O CloncurryiteCu0.5(VO)0.5Al2(PO4)2F2 · 5H2O
O BarlowiteCu4BrF(OH)6
O CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CupriteCu2O
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O NitromagnesiteMg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
O DelafossiteCuFeO2
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O HentscheliteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O SpertiniiteCu(OH)2
O ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O SideriteFeCO3
O LikasiteCu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
O SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
FFluorine
F CloncurryiteCu0.5(VO)0.5Al2(PO4)2F2 · 5H2O
F BarlowiteCu4BrF(OH)6
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg NitromagnesiteMg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al CloncurryiteCu0.5(VO)0.5Al2(PO4)2F2 · 5H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
PPhosphorus
P CloncurryiteCu0.5(VO)0.5Al2(PO4)2F2 · 5H2O
P CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P HentscheliteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
SSulfur
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S DigeniteCu9S5
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Cl NantokiteCuCl
Cl ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
Cl SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
VVanadium
V CloncurryiteCu0.5(VO)0.5Al2(PO4)2F2 · 5H2O
FeIron
Fe DelafossiteCuFeO2
Fe HentscheliteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
CuCopper
Cu CloncurryiteCu0.5(VO)0.5Al2(PO4)2F2 · 5H2O
Cu BarlowiteCu4BrF(OH)6
Cu CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu DelafossiteCuFeO2
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu HentscheliteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Cu NantokiteCuCl
Cu TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu SpertiniiteCu(OH)2
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu LikasiteCu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Cu SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
ZnZinc
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
BrBromine
Br BarlowiteCu4BrF(OH)6
AuGold
Au GoldAu

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Wallace, M.E., Pring, A. (1990) Gerhardtite, a copper hydroxy-nitrate from the Great Australia mine, Cloncurry, Queensland. Australian Mineralogist: 5: 51-54.
Day, B.E., Beyer, B. (1995) Some mines of the Mt Isa District - Part 1: The Great Australia mine, Australian Journal of Mineralogy: 1(1): 23-28.
Sharpe, J.L., Williams, P.A. (2000) Exotic Secondary Copper Mineralization in the Eastern Mt Isa Block, Northwest Queensland. The Royal Society of New South Wales: 133: 31-32.
Crane, M.J., Sharpe, J.L., Williams, P.A. (2001) Formation of Chrysocolla and Secondary Copper Phosphates in the Highly Weathered Supergene Zones of Some Australian Deposits. Records of the Australian Museum: 53: 49-56.
Elliott, P., Cooper, M.A., Pring, A. (2014) Barlowite, Cu4FBr(OH)6, a new mineral isotructural with claringbullite: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine: 78: 1755-1762.
Hibbs, D.E., Leverett, P., Williams, P.A. (2003) Connellite-buttgenbachite from the Great Australia mine, Cloncurry: A crystal structural formula. Australian Journal of Mineralogy: 9(1): 39-42.
Melchiorre, E.B., Williams, P.A., Rose, T.P., Talyn, B.C. (2006) Biogenic nitrogen from termite mounds and the origin of Gerhardtite at the Great Australia Mine, Cloncurry, Queensland, Australia. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44(6): 1447-1455.
Colchester, D.M., Leverett, P., McKinnon, A.R., Sharpe, J.L., Williams, P.A., Hibbs, D.E., Turner, P., Hoppe, V.H. (2007) Cloncurryite, Cu0.56(VO)0.44Al2(PO4)2(F,OH)2.5H2O, a new mineral from the Great Australia mine, Cloncurry, Queensland, Australia, an its relationship to nevadaite. Australian Journal of Mineralogy: 13(1): 5-13.

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