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Chrétien Vein, Neuenberg, Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch), Haut-Rhin, Grand Est, Francei
Regional Level Types
Chrétien VeinVein
Neuenberg- not defined -
Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)- not defined -
Haut-RhinDepartment
Grand EstRegion
FranceCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Filon Chrétien
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 48° 13' 18'' North , 7° 9' 19'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 48.22167,7.15528
GeoHash:G#: u0t46f6rd
Locality type:Vein
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines6,189 (2018)3.5km
Wisembach410 (2016)5.3km
Aubure424 (2016)5.6km
Fréland1,371 (2016)6.1km
Le Bonhomme806 (2018)6.2km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Alsace


This Cu-As-Ag-Co vein discovered in the XVIth century is the fifth from background Rauenthal valley.
Zero level entry is located in border of Rauenthal brook.
A little schaft join the Tiefstollen adit not far from his entry for waters drainage.
Chrétien middle and upper mines, Cobalt Schaft and undergrounds levels (works are known under -125m) has worked the Chrétien vein on the Rauenthal side. Probably that Gott Hilft Gewiss mine has worked this vein from Liepvrette side. During centuries some names has probably change, from XVI to XVIIth century.
At XVIIIth century a new age begun with cobalt ore into Rauenthal valley (1711).

The mine and vein are named after Chrétien II de Birkenfeld, who received from his father Prince Palatin Birkenfeld de Deux Ponts, the nobility De Ribeaupierre ( also called Rapoltstein ).

As this locality lies in the Sainte Marie-aux-Mines district, the place is protected by a archaeological mining district status and all collecting is prohibited.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

27 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Berryite
Formula: Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Reference: Hartmut Hensel collection, Neustadt/Wstr., SXRD analysis by Prof. Luca Bindi, Firenze
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Clinosafflorite
Formula: CoAs2
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Lautite
Formula: CuAsS
Description: Lautite was found in weathered arsenic specimens coming from the Gabe Gottes mine. There is no report of lautite from the Chrétien vein.
Reference: Paul De Bondt
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Nickelskutterudite
Formula: (Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Parasymplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Picropharmacolite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Pitticite
Formula: (Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: Paul De Bondt
Rauenthalite
Formula: Ca3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Sainfeldite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Paul De Bondt

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Berryite2.HB.20dCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Clinosafflorite2.EB.15aCoAs2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Glaucodot2.EB.10c(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Lautite2.CB.40CuAsS
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Nickelskutterudite2.EC.05(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Rammelsbergite2.EB.15aNiAs2
Safflorite2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Hörnesite8.CE.40Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Parasymplesite8.CE.40Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Picropharmacolite8.CH.15Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Pitticite8.DB.05(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Rauenthalite8.CJ.40Ca3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Sainfeldite8.CB.10Ca5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Clinosafflorite2.12.4.6CoAs2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Glaucodot2.12.6.1(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Lautite2.12.8.1CuAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Nickelskutterudite2.12.17.2(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Rammelsbergite2.12.2.12NiAs2
Safflorite2.12.2.11(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
2 < ø < 2.49
Berryite3.6.15.1Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Picropharmacolite39.2.4.1Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Sainfeldite39.2.1.2Ca5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Hörnesite40.3.6.7Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Parasymplesite40.3.6.6Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Rauenthalite40.3.11.1Ca3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Pitticite43.5.3.1(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H SainfelditeCa5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
H RauenthaliteCa3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
H ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O SainfelditeCa5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
O RauenthaliteCa3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mg PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S Glaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
S Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
S AcanthiteAg2S
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S LautiteCuAsS
S BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
CaCalcium
Ca SainfelditeCa5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Ca RauenthaliteCa3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Glaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Fe Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Fe ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Co Glaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Co Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Co ClinosaffloriteCoAs2
Co Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
NiNickel
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ni RammelsbergiteNiAs2
CuCopper
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu LautiteCuAsS
Cu BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
ZnZinc
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As SainfelditeCa5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As RauenthaliteCa3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As Glaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
As HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
As ClinosaffloriteCoAs2
As NickelineNiAs
As Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
As PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
As ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As ArsenicAs
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
As LautiteCuAsS
As RammelsbergiteNiAs2
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
PbLead
Pb BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
BiBismuth
Bi BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Carboniferous
298.9 - 323.2 Ma



ID: 3135061
calc-alkaline syn orogenic plutonism

Age: Pennsylvanian (298.9 - 323.2 Ma)

Lithology: Granite

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Paleozoic - Proterozoic
443.8 - 2500 Ma



ID: 2599886

Age: to Ordovician (443.8 - 2500 Ma)

Description: metamorphic

Comments: Sammel-Code for gneiss in the Odenwald, Black Forest, Vosges

Lithology: Paragneiss

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3187252
Neoproterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

Localities in this Region
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