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Tucumán Province, Argentinai
Regional Level Types
Tucumán ProvinceProvince
ArgentinaCountry

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Key
09219680014949009606511.jpg
Stratigraphic column of Tucumán.

Tucumán Province, Argentina
07420240014949099592770.jpg
Situation in the province of Tucumán

Tucumán Province, Argentina
Area:
22,524 km2
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
San Miguel de Tucumán781,023 (2016)
Yerba Buena50,783 (2016)
Tafí Viejo48,459 (2016)
Alderetes38,466 (2016)
Aguilares32,494 (2016)
Famaillá30,951 (2015)
Other Languages:
French:
Province de Tucumán, Argentine
German:
Provinz Tucumán, Argentinien
Italian:
Provincia di Tucumán, Argentina
Russian:
Тукуман, Аргентина
Simplified Chinese:
图库曼省, 阿根廷
Spanish:
Provincia de Tucumán, Argentina
Arabic:
توكومان, الأرجنتين
Asturian:
Provincia de Tucumán
Aymara:
Tukuman jisk'a suyu
Basque:
Tucumángo probintzia
Belarusian:
Тукуман, Аргенціна
Breton:
Tucumán
Bulgarian:
Тукуман, Аржентина
Catalan:
Tucumán, Argentina
Cebuano:
Provincia de Tucumán
Czech:
Tucumán, Argentina
Danish:
Tucumán, Argentina
Dutch:
Tucumán, Argentinië
Esperanto:
Tukumano
Farsi/Persian:
استان توکومان, آرژانتین
Finnish:
Tucumánin maakunta, Argentiina
Galician:
Tucumán, Arxentina
Georgian:
ტუკუმანის პროვინცია
Hebrew:
טוקומאן, ארגנטינה
Hindi:
टुकुमेन, अर्जेण्टीना
Indonesian:
Provinsi Tucumán, Argentina
Japanese:
トゥクマン州, アルゼンチン
Judaeo-Spanish:
Tucumán
Korean:
투쿠만주, 아르헨티나
Latvian:
Tukumanas province, Argentīna
Lithuanian:
Tukumano provincija, Argentina
Lombard:
Tucuman
Macedonian:
Тукуман, Аргентина
Malay:
Wilayah Tucumán
Marathi:
तुकुमान
Norwegian:
Tucumán, Argentina
Occitan:
Província de Tucumán
Ossetian:
Тукуман
Piedmontese:
Tucuman
Polish:
Tucumán, Argentyna
Portuguese:
Tucumán, Argentina
Quechua:
Tukuman wamani
Romanian:
Provincia Tucumán, Argentina
Samogitian:
Tukumana provincėjė
Scots:
Tucumán
Serbian:
Тукуман, Аргентина
Serbo-Croatian:
Tucumán
Sicilian:
Tucumán
Slovak:
Tucumán, Argentína
South Azerbaijani:
توکومان ایالتی
Swahili:
Mkoa wa Tucumán, Argentina
Swedish:
Tucumán, Argentina
Tagalog:
Lalawigan ng Tucumán, Arhentina
Tajik (Cyrillic Script):
Тукуман
Thai:
รัฐตูกูมัน, อาร์เจนตินา
Turkish:
Tucumán, Arjantin
Ukrainian:
Тукуман, Аргентина
Urdu:
صوبہ توکومان
Vietnamese:
Tucumán, Argentina
Volapük:
Tucumán
Waray:
Tucumán
Western Punjabi:
صوبہ توکومان


Located in the northwest of the country, Tucumán is the most densely populated, and the second-smallest by land area, of the provinces of Argentina. The capital is San Miguel de Tucumán, often shortened to Tucumán.

Neighbouring provinces are, clockwise from the north: Salta, Santiago del Estero and Catamarca. It is nicknamed El Jardín de la República (The Garden of the Republic), as it is a highly productive agricultural area.

Geological features and history:
The province of Tucumán has approximately 22,524 km² and has the most varied morphological characteristics: high mountains which are partly sterile, but generally covered with vegetation, with numerous streams, extensive plains, small desert areas, everything crossed by a dense drainage network of rivers.

Petrographically its mountain ranges are formed by deposits of various types and geological age.

The core of its mountains consists of older deposits of Precambrian age, composed of so-called metamorphic rocks, i.e. rocks which have undergone transformation processes by the action of physical and chemical agents. These ancient metamorphic rocks, forming the so-called "crystalline basement" and are especially slate, phyllitic shale, mica-bearing quartz, etc... in part migmatized and with intrusions of igneous rocks.

On this complex of ancient rocks were deposited more modern sediments, possibly of Mesozoic age. These Mesozoic deposits would be formed by conglomerates and consolidation of reddish sandstones, ancient rocks, partly calcareous Marl, i.e. a series of deposits still not completely well chronologically identified.

Then, in the Tertiary, sediments of fluvial origin, generally reddish sandstones, conglomerates, also volcanic tufaceous deposits, are deposited after having largely been eroded along with the more modern ones; composed of sediments of smaller grain size, mud, sand, loess and gravel deposits, and medium-sized sands, especially in terraces, usually form the surface of the flat areas of the province.

Geological history:
In the Precambrian or in the early stages of the Earth's history, silty, clay, charcoal and fine sands sediments were deposited, as a result of a process of sedimentation at the bottom of the sea, which at that time covered much of the surface of Tucumán.

When the sea disappeared by the rising land, materials gradually consolidated and later were affected by metamorphism, which transformed these sediments into the metamorphic rocks that we see today. As a result of this metamorphism and movements affecting the Earth's crust, cracks and planes of separation where subsequently ascended into the granitic magma (material in a state of fusion from the interior of the Earth) which cooled and crystallized to form the granite-like bodies of e.g. "San Ignacio", "Potrerillos", "Balcosna", etc...

After these events, the region suffered orogenic processes, i.e. suffered an uprising and the weathering agents acted on this formation, until the invasion of a sea possibly of Mesozoic age which deposited marine sediments, continuing until the mid-Tertiary. Volcanic activity followed and, as a result, the accumulation of materials and formation of deposits of ash, tuffs, gaps and eruptive rocks observable in many parts.

Later the basement was uplifted and erosion motivated the deposition of conglomeratic sediment.

In the Quaternary era, the first glacial demonstrations appear at summits as a result of the drop in temperature.

After glaciation, the climate improves and the temperature climbs, producing the effects of glacial erosion forming glacial deposits, subsequently dragging those deposits down to the foothills, where rainfall and minor rivers drag these sediments even further away from their original source.

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Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities