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Poona Mine (Mattapara; Alameda Pty Ltd; EML 5525; ML 5524), Moonta, Yorke Peninsula, South Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Poona Mine (Mattapara; Alameda Pty Ltd; EML 5525; ML 5524)Mine
Moonta- not defined -
Yorke PeninsulaPeninsula
South AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
34° 2' 24'' South , 137° 36' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Moonta336 (2015)3.9km
Port Hughes225 (2012)7.8km
Wallaroo Mines396 (2014)10.4km
Wallaroo2,779 (2013)11.4km
Kadina2,213 (2013)12.4km


Poona and the nearby Wheal Hughes deposits were fairly recent discoveries in the historical Moonta-Wallaroo district. They were discovered in 1985 by surface electromagnetic surveys followed by drilling, and were mined by open cut from 1988-1994. The modern Poona mine was at/near the same site of an old mine of the same name which was discovered in 1862 during excavations for the Moonta to Wallaroo railway.
They are narrow, high-grade, shear-hosted hydrothermal Cu-Au deposits within the Palaeoproterozoic Moonta Porphyry. Main ore minerals were primary chalcopyrite and secondary chalcocite, covellite and minor native copper. Combined production from Poona and Wheal Hughs was 450,000 tonnes ore grading 4.6-5.3% Cu and 0.7-1.5 g/t Au.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


37 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Keeling, J.L., Hartley, K.L. (2005) Poona and Wheal Hughs Cu deposits, Moonta, South Australia. CRC LEME Report, 2005. 3pp
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Elliot, P. (1990) Marshite from the Poona Mine, Moonta, South Australia. Australian Mineralogist, Vol. 5, pg. 95-96.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: RB94/00041;Janz 1990 (unpublished honours thesis) + self prospected
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: RB94/00041;Janz 1990 (unpublished honours thesis) + self prospected
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Morales-Ruano, S., Both, R.A., Golding, S.D. (2002) A fluid inclusion and stable isotope study of the Moonta copper-gold deposits, South Australia: evidence for fluid immiscibility in a magmatic hydrothermal system. Chemical Geology, Vol. 192, pg. 211-226.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: RB94/00041;Janz 1990 (unpublished honours thesis) + self prospected
Boulangerite ?
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Description: "ID'd at Mineralogical Society of SA - Plumose specimen" (Paul Stahl)
Reference: Paul Stahl collection
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Reference: Morales-Ruano, S., Both, R.A., Golding, S.D. (2002) A fluid inclusion and stable isotope study of the Moonta copper-gold deposits, South Australia: evidence for fluid immiscibility in a magmatic hydrothermal system. Chemical Geology, Vol. 192, pg. 211-226.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: RB94/00041;Janz 1990 (unpublished honours thesis) + self prospected; Brown, H.Y.L., (1908), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 4th ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Habit: Massive in a lot of the mine but some 1-4 kg specimens of large crystals
Colour: Bright brassy yellow with iridescence to fiery copper orange.
Description: The brightest and purest chalcopyrite I have seen, easily rivalling the South American deposits
Reference: RB94/00041;Janz 1990 (unpublished honours thesis) + self prospected
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: RB94/00041;Janz 1990 (unpublished honours thesis) + self prospected
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: RB94/00041;Janz 1990 (unpublished honours thesis) + self prospected; Brown, H.Y.L., (1908), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 4th ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: RB94/00041;Janz 1990 (unpublished honours thesis) + self prospected
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: XRD confirmed by South Australian Museum
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: RB94/00041;Janz 1990 (unpublished honours thesis) + self prospected
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: RB94/00041;Janz 1990 (unpublished honours thesis)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Paul Stahl collection ("small crystals in quartz")
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Morales-Ruano, S., Both, R.A., Golding, S.D. (2002) A fluid inclusion and stable isotope study of the Moonta copper-gold deposits, South Australia: evidence for fluid immiscibility in a magmatic hydrothermal system. Chemical Geology, Vol. 192, pg. 211-226.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Elliot, P. (1990) Marshite from the Poona Mine, Moonta, South Australia. Australian Mineralogist, Vol. 5, pg. 95-96.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: RB94/00041;Janz 1990 (unpublished honours thesis) + self prospected
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Keeling, J.L., Hartley, K.L. (2005) Poona and Wheal Hughs Cu deposits, Moonta, South Australia. CRC LEME Report, 2005. 3pp
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: RB94/00041;Janz 1990 (unpublished honours thesis) + self prospected
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: XRD confirmed by South Australian Museum
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Keeling, J.L., Hartley, K.L. (2005) Poona and Wheal Hughs Cu deposits, Moonta, South Australia. CRC LEME Report, 2005. 3pp
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Paul Stahl collection; Brown, H.Y.L., (1908), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 4th ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Morales-Ruano, S., Both, R.A., Golding, S.D. (2002) A fluid inclusion and stable isotope study of the Moonta copper-gold deposits, South Australia: evidence for fluid immiscibility in a magmatic hydrothermal system. Chemical Geology, Vol. 192, pg. 211-226.
Marshite
Formula: CuI
Reference: Elliot, P. (1990) Marshite from the Poona Mine, Moonta, South Australia. Australian Mineralogist, Vol. 5, pg. 95-96.
Mcguinnessite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: XRD confirmed by South Australian Museum
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: RB94/00041;Janz 1990 (unpublished honours thesis) + self prospected
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: RB94/00041;Janz 1990 (unpublished honours thesis) + self prospected
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Morales-Ruano, S., Both, R.A., Golding, S.D. (2002) A fluid inclusion and stable isotope study of the Moonta copper-gold deposits, South Australia: evidence for fluid immiscibility in a magmatic hydrothermal system. Chemical Geology, Vol. 192, pg. 211-226.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Paul Stahl collection; Brown, H.Y.L., (1908), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 4th ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Paul Stahl collection
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Paul Stahl collection
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Paul Stahl collection
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: RB94/00041;Janz 1990 (unpublished honours thesis) + self prospected
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Morales-Ruano, S., Both, R.A., Golding, S.D. (2002) A fluid inclusion and stable isotope study of the Moonta copper-gold deposits, South Australia: evidence for fluid immiscibility in a magmatic hydrothermal system. Chemical Geology, Vol. 192, pg. 211-226.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Elliot, P. (1990) Marshite from the Poona Mine, Moonta, South Australia. Australian Mineralogist, Vol. 5, pg. 95-96.
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Ben Grguric
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Keeling, J.L., Hartley, K.L. (2005) Poona and Wheal Hughs Cu deposits, Moonta, South Australia. CRC LEME Report, 2005. 3pp

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite ?2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Carrollite2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Marshite3.AA.05CuI
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mcguinnessite5.BA.10(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Carrollite2.10.1.2Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite ?3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Marshite9.1.7.3CuI
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mcguinnessite16a.3.1.4(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O CupriteCu2O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O UraniniteUO2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
PPhosphorus
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S DigeniteCu9S5
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S GalenaPbS
S SulphurS8
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CoCobalt
Co CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
NiNickel
Ni CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cu MarshiteCuI
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
IIodine
I MarshiteCuI
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Elliot, P. (1990) Marshite from the Poona Mine, Moonta, South Australia. Australian Mineralogist, Vol. 5, No. 3, pg. 95-96.
Morales-Ruano, S., Both, R.A., Golding, S.D. (2002) A fluid inclusion and stable isotope study of the Moonta copper-gold deposits, South Australia: evidence for fluid immiscibility in a magmatic hydrothermal system. Chemical Geology, Vol. 192, pg. 211-226.
Keeling, J.L., Hartley, K.L. (2005) Poona and Wheal Hughs Cu deposits, Moonta, South Australia. CRC LEME Report, 2005. 3pp.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

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