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Flying Fox Mine (Flying Fox Ni Mine), Kondinin Shire, Western Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Flying Fox Mine (Flying Fox Ni Mine)Mine
Kondinin ShireShire
Western AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
32° 28' 24'' South , 119° 40' 43'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:


Located approximately 100 kilometres east of Hyden. Flying Fox is an active underground nickel mine operated by Western Areas NL. Production by the latter commenced in 2006; previously, the mine was owned and operated by the Finnish company Outokumpu from 1992 to 1997.

It is a komatiite hosted nickel deposit (similar to the Spotted Quoll mine), 10-50 metres thick, dipping 40 degrees east south-east. The volcanosedimentary succession has metamorphosed to amphibolite facies. Deformation has sheared and dismembered the ore-body into eleven distinct ore shoots. These are found at the base of the komatiite sequence overlying deformed metasedimentary rocks.

This long suffering ore-body has undergone six phases of deformation. During this the Ni sulfides reverted to monosulfide solid solution, and were mechanically relocated along the footwall sedimentary rock-komatite contact by up to 5 metres, offset into the footwall sedimentary rocks by up to 300 metres, and entrained in the granitic magma, creating atypical granite hosted sulfides.

Massive to brecciated sulphides with metasedimentary amphibolic chloritic granotoid, and metadunite fragments form the majority of the ore. Much has been altered to supergene violarite and pyrite, richest at the basal contact between the ultramafic unit and adamellite intrusions. Overlying this is disseminated sulphides a few metres thick grading at 1.3% Ni, mainly pentlandite and pyrrhotite.

Regions containing this locality

Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate
West Australian Element, Western Australia, AustraliaCraton
Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia, AustraliaCraton
Forrestania Nickel Metallogenic Province, Western Australia, AustraliaGeologic Province

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


18 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Collins, J. E., Barnes, S. J., Hagemann, S. G., McCuaig, T. C., & Frost, K. M. (2012). Postmagmatic variability in ore composition and mineralogy in the T4 and T5 ore shoots at the high-grade Flying Fox Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, Yilgarn craton, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 107(5), 859-879.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Zoja Vukmanovic (2013) Microstructural Characterization of Sulphide and Oxide Minerals in Magmatic Sulphide ores. PhD Thesis University of Western Australia.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Collins, J. E., Barnes, S. J., Hagemann, S. G., McCuaig, T. C., & Frost, K. M. (2012). Postmagmatic variability in ore composition and mineralogy in the T4 and T5 ore shoots at the high-grade Flying Fox Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, Yilgarn craton, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 107(5), 859-879.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Zoja Vukmanovic (2013) Microstructural Characterization of Sulphide and Oxide Minerals in Magmatic Sulphide ores. PhD Thesis University of Western Australia.; Collins, J. E., Barnes, S. J., Hagemann, S. G., McCuaig, T. C., & Frost, K. M. (2012). Postmagmatic variability in ore composition and mineralogy in the T4 and T5 ore shoots at the high-grade Flying Fox Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, Yilgarn craton, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 107(5), 859-879.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Collins, J. E., Barnes, S. J., Hagemann, S. G., McCuaig, T. C., & Frost, K. M. (2012). Postmagmatic variability in ore composition and mineralogy in the T4 and T5 ore shoots at the high-grade Flying Fox Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, Yilgarn craton, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 107(5), 859-879.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Collins, J. E., Barnes, S. J., Hagemann, S. G., McCuaig, T. C., & Frost, K. M. (2012). Postmagmatic variability in ore composition and mineralogy in the T4 and T5 ore shoots at the high-grade Flying Fox Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, Yilgarn craton, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 107(5), 859-879.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Collins, J. E., Barnes, S. J., Hagemann, S. G., McCuaig, T. C., & Frost, K. M. (2012). Postmagmatic variability in ore composition and mineralogy in the T4 and T5 ore shoots at the high-grade Flying Fox Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, Yilgarn craton, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 107(5), 859-879.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Collins, J. E., Barnes, S. J., Hagemann, S. G., McCuaig, T. C., & Frost, K. M. (2012). Postmagmatic variability in ore composition and mineralogy in the T4 and T5 ore shoots at the high-grade Flying Fox Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, Yilgarn craton, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 107(5), 859-879.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Zoja Vukmanovic (2013) Microstructural Characterization of Sulphide and Oxide Minerals in Magmatic Sulphide ores. PhD Thesis University of Western Australia.; Collins, J. E., Barnes, S. J., Hagemann, S. G., McCuaig, T. C., & Frost, K. M. (2012). Postmagmatic variability in ore composition and mineralogy in the T4 and T5 ore shoots at the high-grade Flying Fox Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, Yilgarn craton, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 107(5), 859-879.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Collins, J. E., Barnes, S. J., Hagemann, S. G., McCuaig, T. C., & Frost, K. M. (2012). Postmagmatic variability in ore composition and mineralogy in the T4 and T5 ore shoots at the high-grade Flying Fox Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, Yilgarn craton, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 107(5), 859-879.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Collins, J. E., Barnes, S. J., Hagemann, S. G., McCuaig, T. C., & Frost, K. M. (2012). Postmagmatic variability in ore composition and mineralogy in the T4 and T5 ore shoots at the high-grade Flying Fox Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, Yilgarn craton, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 107(5), 859-879.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p.  Zoja Vukmanovic (2013) Microstructural Characterization of Sulphide and Oxide Minerals in Magmatic Sulphide ores. PhD Thesis University of Western Australia.; Collins, J. E., Barnes, S. J., Hagemann, S. G., McCuaig, T. C., & Frost, K. M. (2012). Postmagmatic variability in ore composition and mineralogy in the T4 and T5 ore shoots at the high-grade Flying Fox Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, Yilgarn craton, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 107(5), 859-879.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p.  Zoja Vukmanovic (2013) Microstructural Characterization of Sulphide and Oxide Minerals in Magmatic Sulphide ores. PhD Thesis University of Western Australia.; Collins, J. E., Barnes, S. J., Hagemann, S. G., McCuaig, T. C., & Frost, K. M. (2012). Postmagmatic variability in ore composition and mineralogy in the T4 and T5 ore shoots at the high-grade Flying Fox Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, Yilgarn craton, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 107(5), 859-879.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p.  Zoja Vukmanovic (2013) Microstructural Characterization of Sulphide and Oxide Minerals in Magmatic Sulphide ores. PhD Thesis University of Western Australia.; Collins, J. E., Barnes, S. J., Hagemann, S. G., McCuaig, T. C., & Frost, K. M. (2012). Postmagmatic variability in ore composition and mineralogy in the T4 and T5 ore shoots at the high-grade Flying Fox Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, Yilgarn craton, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 107(5), 859-879.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Collins, J. E., Barnes, S. J., Hagemann, S. G., McCuaig, T. C., & Frost, K. M. (2012). Postmagmatic variability in ore composition and mineralogy in the T4 and T5 ore shoots at the high-grade Flying Fox Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, Yilgarn craton, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 107(5), 859-879.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Zoja Vukmanovic (2013) Microstructural Characterization of Sulphide and Oxide Minerals in Magmatic Sulphide ores. PhD Thesis University of Western Australia.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p.  ; Collins, J. E., Barnes, S. J., Hagemann, S. G., McCuaig, T. C., & Frost, K. M. (2012). Postmagmatic variability in ore composition and mineralogy in the T4 and T5 ore shoots at the high-grade Flying Fox Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, Yilgarn craton, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 107(5), 859-879.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Collins, J. E., Barnes, S. J., Hagemann, S. G., McCuaig, T. C., & Frost, K. M. (2012). Postmagmatic variability in ore composition and mineralogy in the T4 and T5 ore shoots at the high-grade Flying Fox Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, Yilgarn craton, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 107(5), 859-879.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Collins, J. E., Barnes, S. J., Hagemann, S. G., McCuaig, T. C., & Frost, K. M. (2012). Postmagmatic variability in ore composition and mineralogy in the T4 and T5 ore shoots at the high-grade Flying Fox Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, Yilgarn craton, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 107(5), 859-879.
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O QuartzSiO2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
MgMagnesium
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
SSulfur
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
FeIron
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
NiNickel
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Collins, J. E., Barnes, S. J., Hagemann, S. G., McCuaig, T. C., & Frost, K. M. (2012). Postmagmatic variability in ore composition and mineralogy in the T4 and T5 ore shoots at the high-grade Flying Fox Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, Yilgarn craton, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 107(5), 859-879.
Collins, J.E., Hagemann, S.G., McCuaig, T.C., Frost, K.M. (2012) Structural Controls in Sulfide Mobilization at the High Grade Flying Fox Ni-Cu-PGE Sulfide Deposit Forrestania Greenstone Belt Western Australia, Economic Geology (Nov 2012):7:1107: 1433-1455.
Zoja Vukmanovic (2013) Microstructural Characterization of Sulphide and Oxide Minerals in Magmatic Sulphide ores. PhD Thesis University of Western Australia.

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