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Cligga Mine, Cligga Head, Perranporth, Perranzabuloe, Cornwall, England, UKi
Regional Level Types
Cligga MineMine
Cligga HeadHeadland
Perranporth- not defined -
PerranzabuloeCivil Parish
CornwallCounty
EnglandConstituent Country
UKCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 20' 20'' North , 5° 10' 40'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
UK National Grid Reference:
SW739537
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Perranporth3,210 (2017)1.7km
Saint Agnes2,820 (2014)3.5km
Cubert771 (2017)6.2km
Mount Hawke1,511 (2017)6.7km
Crantock801 (2017)8.5km


The mine workings are located on the cliff edge at Cligga Head. Just northeast of the greisen-sheet vein stockworks, and on the same level as those, is an extensive dump packed full of arsenopyrite, wolframite, iron & copper minerals. Note, however, that some of these dumps are from the Perran Great St George and Good Fortune mines, as are the workings further inland, west and north of the airfield that is now used by a glider club.

The mine itself can be accessed through the adit at beach level. The frequent rockslides have exposed some of the mine workings in the cliff face; they can be reached by climbing up inside the mine from adit level.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


29 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Agardite'
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: No reference listed
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Kissin, S.A., and Owens, D.R. (1989): Canadian Mineralogist 27, 673-688
Botallackite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: UKJMM Vol.29 p.5
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Reid, C., Scrivenor, J.B., Flett, J.S., Pollard, W., and MacAlister, D.A. (1906): The Geology of the Country near Newquay. HMSO Publications (London), 131 pp.; F. Moore and R. A. Howie (1984): Mineralogical Magazine 48, 389-396; Kissin, S.A., and Owens, D.R. (1989): Canadian Mineralogist 27, 673-688
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Description: Rims along cracks and grain boundaries in ferrokesterite-rich samples were found to be chalcocite (probably of supergene origin).
Reference: Kissin, S.A., and Owens, D.R. (1989): Canadian Mineralogist 27, 673-688
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Reid, C., Scrivenor, J.B., Flett, J.S., Pollard, W., and MacAlister, D.A. (1906): The Geology of the Country near Newquay. HMSO Publications (London), 131 pp.; F. Moore and R. A. Howie (1984): Tin-Bearing Sulphides from St Michael's Mount and Cligga Head, Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine 48, 389-396; Kissin, S.A., and Owens, D.R. (1989): Canadian Mineralogist 27, 673-688
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: UKJMM Vol.29 p.5
Copper
Formula: Cu
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Description: Alteration product of stannite-group minerals.
Reference: Kissin, S.A., and Owens, D.R. (1989): Canadian Mineralogist 27, 673-688
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Weiß, S., Merry, M. & Ansermet, S. (2017): Neufunde aus Cornwall: Cannonit, Arthurit, Auriacusit. Lapis, 42 (1), 20-23; 62 (in German).
Ferrokësterite (TL)
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Type Locality:
Reference: Kissin, S.A., and Owens, D.R. (1989): Canadian Mineralogist 27, 673-688
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: UKJMM Vol.29 p.5
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
Reference: F. Moore and R. A. Howie (1984): Mineralogical Magazine 48, 389-396; Kissin, S.A., and Owens, D.R. (1989): Canadian Mineralogist 27, 673-688; Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: [Golley & Williams, 1995, 37 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Reid, C., Scrivenor, J.B., Flett, J.S., Pollard, W., and MacAlister, D.A. (1906): The Geology of the Country near Newquay. HMSO Publications (London), 131 pp.; Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: [Golley & Williams, 1995, 46 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Kissin, S.A., and Owens, D.R. (1989): Canadian Mineralogist 27, 673-688
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Weiß, S., Merry, M. & Ansermet, S. (2017): Neufunde aus Cornwall: Cannonit, Arthurit, Auriacusit. Lapis, 42 (1), 20-23; 62 (in German).
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: F. Moore and R. A. Howie (1984): Mineralogical Magazine 48, 389-396; Kissin, S.A., and Owens, D.R. (1989): Canadian Mineralogist 27, 673-688
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: F. Moore and R. A. Howie (1984): Mineralogical Magazine 48, 389-396; Kissin, S.A., and Owens, D.R. (1989): Canadian Mineralogist 27, 673-688
'Stannite Group'
Formula: A2DEX4
Reference: Dale Foster Collection
Stannoidite
Formula: Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Reference: Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Reference: Moulding, D., Hooper, J., and Green, D.I. (2008) Stolzite from Penberthy Croft Mine, St Hilary, Cornwall. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 88-90.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Varlamoffite
Formula: (Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Reid, C., Scrivenor, J.B., Flett, J.S., Pollard, W., and MacAlister, D.A. (1906): The Geology of the Country near Newquay. HMSO Publications (London), 131 pp.; Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Ferrokësterite (TL)2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Kësterite 2.CB.15aCu2ZnSnS4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stannoidite2.CB.15cCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Group 3 - Halides
Botallackite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Varlamoffite4.DB.05(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Lavendulan8.DG.05NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Metazeunerite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Agardite'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Stannite Group'-A2DEX4
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Ferrokësterite (TL)2.9.2.10Cu2FeSnS4
Kësterite 2.9.2.9Cu2ZnSnS4
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
Stannoidite2.9.3.3Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Varlamoffite4.4.2.1(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Botallackite10.1.3.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Metazeunerite40.2a.14.2Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Lavendulan42.9.4.2NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Agardite'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Stannite Group'-A2DEX4
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
OOxygen
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O QuartzSiO2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CupriteCu2O
O BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O FerberiteFeWO4
O StolzitePb(WO4)
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
AlAluminium
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
SiSilicon
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S FerrokësteriteCu2FeSnS4
S Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S MolybdeniteMoS2
ClChlorine
Cl LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
KPotassium
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
CaCalcium
Ca LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe FerrokësteriteCu2FeSnS4
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Fe Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
CoCobalt
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
CuCopper
Cu FerrokësteriteCu2FeSnS4
Cu Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Cu LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Cu MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
ZnZinc
Zn Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SnTin
Sn FerrokësteriteCu2FeSnS4
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Sn StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Sn Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
WTungsten
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
W FerberiteFeWO4
W StolzitePb(WO4)
PbLead
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
UUranium
U MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O

Geochronology

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Permian
   Guadalupian
ⓘ Major polymetallic mineralization~270 MaCornwall, England, UK
   Cisuralian
ⓘ Porphyry dikes intruded (latest age)~275 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Greisenization (latest age)~280 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Porphyry dikes intruded (earliest age)~280 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Formation of metallized pegmatites~285 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Greisenization (earliest age)~285 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Emplacement of major plutons~295 MaCornwall, England, UK

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Kissin, S.A. and Owens, D.R. (1989) The relatives of stannite in the light of new data. Canadian Mineralogist, 27, 673-688.
Moulding, D., Hooper, J., and Green, D.I. (2008) Stolzite from Penberthy Croft Mine, St Hilary, Cornwall. Journal of the Russell Society, 11, 88-90. (referring to a find of stolzite at Cligga Mine.)

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

British IslesGroup of Islands
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
UK

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