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Empire Mine, Palmer, Marquette Co., Michigan, USAi
Regional Level Types
Empire MineMine
Palmer- not defined -
Marquette Co.County
MichiganState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
46° 27' 25'' North , 87° 36' 20'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Palmer418 (2017)2.0km
Negaunee4,582 (2017)4.7km
Ishpeming6,483 (2017)5.9km
West Ishpeming2,662 (2017)7.9km
Trowbridge Park2,176 (2017)17.0km


An opencast iron mine with an 8.1 million tons/yr capacity. Owned by the Cleveland Cliffs Iron Co. (1985), then operated by the Empire Iron Mining Co. (1988).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


23 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:111.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Personally collected by Travis Olds in 2008
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Collected by Dan Fountain
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:111.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Personally collected by Travis Olds in 2008
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:111.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:111.
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Dave Maietta
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:111.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Travis Olds collection
'K Feldspar var: '
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Travis Olds collection
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:111.
Minnesotaite
Formula: Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:111.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Dave Maietta
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Tim Lemke specimen
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Quartz var:
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:111.
Quartz var:
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Personally collected by Travis Olds in 2008
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:111.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Dave Maietta
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Travis Olds collection
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Identified and verified by SEM/EDS and XRD by George Robinson 2010
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Personally collected by Travis Olds in 2008
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:111.
Thermonatrite
Formula: Na2CO3 · H2O
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Thermonatrite5.CB.05Na2CO3 · H2O
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-riebeckite9.DE.25◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Minnesotaite9.EC.05Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Thermonatrite15.1.1.1Na2CO3 · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Minnesotaite71.2.1.5Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grunerite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Magnesio-riebeckite-◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
H Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O RutileTiO2
O Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
O Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O QuartzSiO2
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Na Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Na ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Mg Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
AlAluminium
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
SiSilicon
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Si Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
KPotassium
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
CaCalcium
Ca Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Fe Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Rocks & Minerals (1983): 58: 111.
Mining Annual review (1985): 325.
Robinson, G.W. (2004) Mineralogy of Michigan by E.W. Heinrich (2nd edition). A.E. Seaman Mineral Museum, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan, 252 pages.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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