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Cranberry Mine, Cranberry Magnetite Mining District, Avery Co., North Carolina, USAi
Regional Level Types
Cranberry MineMine
Cranberry Magnetite Mining DistrictMining District
Avery Co.County
North CarolinaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
36° 8' 23'' North , 81° 58' 20'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Elk Park442 (2017)2.0km
Newland686 (2017)7.1km
Banner Elk1,138 (2017)9.4km
Sugar Mountain197 (2017)10.2km
Roan Mountain1,360 (2011)10.8km


Ref.: Rocks & Min.:60:86. An iron mine located 1 mile SSW of Cranberry. Mine area is now state property, no collecting.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


21 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region :USGS Professional Paper 179
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: W.S. Bayley (1922) General Features of the Magnetite Ores of Western North Carolina and Eastern Tennessee : Contributions to Economic Geology,1922, Part 1
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: W.S. Bayley (1922) General Features of the Magnetite Ores of Western North Carolina and Eastern Tennessee : Contributions to Economic Geology,1922, Part 1
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region :USGS Professional Paper 179
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.:60:86.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.:60:86.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: J.Wright Horton,Jr.,and Victor A.Zullo,1991,The Geology of the Carolinas,pg#326
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Ross,C.S.,1935,Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the southern Appalachian region;U.S Geological Survey Prof. Paper 179,
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Ross,C.S.,1935,Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the southern Appalachian region;U.S Geological Survey Prof. Paper 179,
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: A Rockhounding Guide to North Carolinas Blue Ridge Mountains-Michael Streeter-2003
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Ross,C.S.,1935,Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the southern Appalachian region;U.S Geological Survey Prof. Paper 179,
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region :USGS Professional Paper 179
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: P.G Fess,S.Goldberg,W.Ussler III,E.Bailer and L.Mayerr (1983) The Cranberry Magnetite Deposit,Avery County,North Carolina.Carolina Geological Society,1983,pp.27-39
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.:60:86.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Rocks & Min.:60:86.; P.G Fess,S.Goldberg,W.Ussler III,E.Bailer and L.Mayerr (1983) The Cranberry Magnetite Deposit,Avery County,North Carolina.Carolina Geological Society,1983,pp.27-39
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: A Rockhounding Guide to North Carolinas Blue Ridge Mountains-Michael Streeter-2003
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: P.G Fess,S.Goldberg,W.Ussler III,E.Bailer and L.Mayerr (1983) The Cranberry Magnetite Deposit,Avery County,North Carolina.Carolina Geological Society,1983,pp.27-39
'Hornblende'
Reference: Rocks & Min.:60:86.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: J.Wright Horton,Jr.,and Victor A.Zullo,1991,The Geology of the Carolinas,pg#326
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Rocks & Min.:60:86.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: J.Wright Horton,Jr.,and Victor A.Zullo,1991,The Geology of the Carolinas,pg#326
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region :USGS Professional Paper 179
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: A Rockhounding Guide to North Carolinas Blue Ridge Mountains-Michael Streeter-2003
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Michael Streeter,2003,A Rockhounding Guide to North Carolinas Blue Ridge Mountains
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: Ross,C.S.,1935,Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the southern Appalachian region;U.S Geological Survey Prof. Paper 179,
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ross,C.S.,1935,Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the southern Appalachian region;U.S Geological Survey Prof. Paper 179,
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Ross,C.S.,1935,Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the southern Appalachian region;U.S Geological Survey Prof. Paper 179,
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: J.Wright Horton,Jr.,and Victor A.Zullo,1991,The Geology of the Carolinas,pg#326
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: P.G Fess,S.Goldberg,W.Ussler III,E.Bailer and L.Mayerr (1983) The Cranberry Magnetite Deposit,Avery County,North Carolina.Carolina Geological Society,1983,pp.27-39
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region :USGS Professional Paper 179

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O CalciteCaCO3
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O QuartzSiO2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O HematiteFe2O3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
FFluorine
F Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
FeIron
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

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