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Kuusamo, North Ostrobothnia, Finlandi
Regional Level Types
KuusamoMunicipality
North OstrobothniaRegion
FinlandCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Kuusamo17,400 (2014)
Other Languages:
Finnish:
Kuusamo, Pohjois-Pohjanmaan maakunta, Suomi
French:
Kuusamo, Ostrobotnie du Nord, Finlande
German:
Kuusamo, Nordösterbotten, Finnland
Italian:
Kuusamo, Ostrobotnia Settentrionale, Finlandia
Russian:
Куусамо, Северная Остроботния, Финляндия
Simplified Chinese:
庫薩莫, 北博滕區, 芬兰
Spanish:
Kuusamo, Región de Ostrobotnia del Norte, Finlandia
Swedish:
Kuusamo, Norra Österbotten, Finland
Albanian:
Kuusamo, Ostrobothnia Veriore, Finlanda
Asturian:
Kuusamo, Ostrobotnia del Norte, Finlandia
Basque:
Kuusamo, Ipar Ostrobotnia, Finlandia
Belarusian:
Кусама, Паўночная Астработнія, Фінляндыя
Bulgarian:
Куусамо, Финландия
Catalan:
Kuusamo, Ostrobòtnia del Nord, Finlàndia
Cebuano:
Kuusamo, Pohjois-Pohjanmaa, Finlandia
Czech:
Kuusamo, Severní Pohjanmaa, Finsko
Danish:
Kuusamo, Norra Österbotten, Finland
Dutch:
Kuusamo, Pohjois-Pohjanmaa, Finland
Esperanto:
Kuusamo, Norda Ostrobotnio, Finnlando
Estonian:
Kuusamo linn, Põhja-Pohjanmaa, Soome
Farsi/Persian:
کوسامو, اوستروبوتنیای شمالی, فنلاند
Galician:
Kuusamo, Ostrobotnia do Norte, Finlandia
Greek:
Κουουσάμο, Βόρεια Οστροβόθνια, Φινλανδία
Hebrew:
קוסאמו, אוסטרובוטניה הצפונית, פינלנד
Hill Mari:
Куусамо, Финлянди
Hungarian:
Kuusamo, Észak-Pohjanmaa, Finnország
Interlingue:
Kuusamo, Finland
Japanese:
クーサモ, 北ポフヤンマー県, フィンランド
Korean:
쿠사모, 북포흐얀마 지역, 핀란드
Lithuanian:
Kūsamas, Šiaurės Pohjanma, Suomija
Luxembourgish:
Kuusamo, Nordösterbotten, Finnland
Northern Sami:
Kuusamo, Davvi-Pohjanmaa eanangoddi, Suopma
Norwegian:
Kuusamo, Norra Österbotten, Finland
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Kuusamo, Norra Österbotten, Finland
Polish:
Kuusamo, Ostrobotnia Północna, Finlandia
Portuguese:
Kuusamo, Ostrobótnia do Norte, Finlândia
Romanian:
Kuusamo, Ostrobotnia de Nord, Finlanda
Serbian:
Кусамо, Северна Остроботнија, Финска
Serbo-Croatian:
Kuusamo, Sjeverna Ostrobotnija, Finska
Slovak:
Kuusamo, Pohjois-Pohjanmaa, Fínsko
Slovenian:
Kuusamo, Finska
Traditional Chinese:
庫薩莫, 芬蘭
Turkish:
Kuusamo, Kuzey Ostrobotniya, Finlandiya
Ukrainian:
Куусамо, Північна Пог'янмаа, Фінляндія
Urdu:
کووسامو, شمالی اوستروبوثنیہ, فن لینڈ
Vietnamese:
Kuusamo, Phía Bắc Ostrobothnia, Phần Lan
West Frisian:
Kuusamo, Finlân


Note to mineral list:
Sederholmite, Trüstedite, Wilkmanite. Kullerudite and Mäikinenite were found during prospecting work carried out by the Outokumpu Co. during 1961-1963. The minerals occurred in veinlets in albitites associated with uranium mineralisation. The information given by all the primary sources for these species (The type descriptions) is the Kuusamo area which Kitka River Valley is a part of. A reading of Vuorelainen (1962) reveals that the TL for all species is veinlets in albitites at Kitka River, cfr. also Hytönen (1999), see also messageboard at http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-316414.html

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

110 valid minerals. 6 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Hangaslampi - Gold Database
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Kramm, U. (1994). Isotope evidence for ijolite formation by fenitization: Sr− Nd data of ijolites from the type locality Iivaara, Finland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 115(3), 279-286. Kramm, U., Kogarko, L. N., Kononova, V. A., & Vartiainen, H. (1993). The Kola Alkaline Province of the CIS and Finland: Precise Rb Sr ages define 380–360 Ma age range for all magmatism. Lithos, 30(1), 33-44.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Häkli, T. A., Vuorelainen, Y. and Sahama, Th. G. (1965): Kitkaite (NiTeSe), a new mineral from Kuusamo, northeast Finland. American Mineralogist. 50: 581-586.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Kramm, U. (1994). Isotope evidence for ijolite formation by fenitization: Sr− Nd data of ijolites from the type locality Iivaara, Finland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 115(3), 279-286. Kramm, U., Kogarko, L. N., Kononova, V. A., & Vartiainen, H. (1993). The Kola Alkaline Province of the CIS and Finland: Precise Rb Sr ages define 380–360 Ma age range for all magmatism. Lithos, 30(1), 33-44.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Al-Ani, T., Sarapää, O. and Torppa, A. 2010. Petrography and mineralogy of REE-bearing minerals of Iivaara, Otanmäki and Korsnäs alkaline rocks, 22 s. Gelogian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M 42/ 2010/ 15.; Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Konttiaho - Gold Database
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Kouvervaara - Gold Database
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Lehijärvi, Mauno 1960. the alkali districk of Iivaara, Kuusamo, Finland. Bull. Comm. Géol. Finlande. N:otitanite 189, p.189-62, illus.; Kramm, U. (1994). Isotope evidence for ijolite formation by fenitization: Sr− Nd data of ijolites from the type locality Iivaara, Finland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 115(3), 279-286. Kramm, U., Kogarko, L. N., Kononova, V. A., & Vartiainen, H. (1993). The Kola Alkaline Province of the CIS and Finland: Precise Rb Sr ages define 380–360 Ma age range for all magmatism. Lithos, 30(1), 33-44.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: vuorelainen, Y. & al. 1964. Sederholmite, wilkmanite, kullerudite, mäkinenite and trüstedtite, five new nickel-selenide minerals. C. R.Soc. Finlande, Vol. 63, p. 113-125.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Konttiaho - Gold Database
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21; Kramm, U. (1994). Isotope evidence for ijolite formation by fenitization: Sr− Nd data of ijolites from the type locality Iivaara, Finland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 115(3), 279-286. Kramm, U., Kogarko, L. N., Kononova, V. A., & Vartiainen, H. (1993). The Kola Alkaline Province of the CIS and Finland: Precise Rb Sr ages define 380–360 Ma age range for all magmatism. Lithos, 30(1), 33-44.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Järvinen, V., Halkoaho, T., Konnunaho, J., Heinonen, J. S., & Rämö, O. T. (2019). Parental magma, magmatic stratigraphy, and reef-type PGE enrichment of the 2.44-Ga mafic-ultramafic Näränkävaara layered intrusion, Northern Finland. Mineralium Deposita, 1-26.
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21
Bijvoetite-(Y)
Formula: Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
Reference: Al-Ani, Thair and Pakkanen, Lassi (2013): Mini-Atlas of REE-minerals in Finnish Bedrocks. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus/Geological Survey of Finland.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Sivakkaharju - Gold Database
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Kouvervaara - Gold Database
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Kouvervaara - Gold Database
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Sivakkaharju - Gold Database
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Reference: Vuorelainen, Yrjö 1962. Tutkimusselostus Kuusamon Juuman-Säkkilän albitiittikiviin liittyvien U-aiheiden malmimineraaliseurueista. Outokummun aineistot, 070/4613/ YV/ 62
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Kouvervaara - Gold Database
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Sahama, T. G. (1958). A complex form of natural nepheline from Iivaara, Finland. American Mineralogist, 43(1-2), 165-166.; Kramm, U. (1994). Isotope evidence for ijolite formation by fenitization: Sr− Nd data of ijolites from the type locality Iivaara, Finland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 115(3), 279-286. Kramm, U., Kogarko, L. N., Kononova, V. A., & Vartiainen, H. (1993). The Kola Alkaline Province of the CIS and Finland: Precise Rb Sr ages define 380–360 Ma age range for all magmatism. Lithos, 30(1), 33-44.
Cattierite
Formula: CoS2
Description: Selenian
Reference: Vuorelainen Y, Huhma A, Häkli A (1964): Sederholmite, wilkmanite, kullerudite, mäkinenite, and trüstedtite, five new nickel selenide minerals. Comptes Rendus de la Société Géologique de Finlande. 36, 113-125
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Järvinen, V., Halkoaho, T., Konnunaho, J., Heinonen, J. S., & Rämö, O. T. (2019). Parental magma, magmatic stratigraphy, and reef-type PGE enrichment of the 2.44-Ga mafic-ultramafic Näränkävaara layered intrusion, Northern Finland. Mineralium Deposita, 1-26.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Hangaslampi - Gold Database
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: https://rockstone-research.com/images/pdfs/ADD_TechnicalReport2017.pdf
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
'Clays'
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Meurastuksenaho - Gold Database
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Hayden Dalton, Andrea Giuliani, David Phillips, Janet Hergt, Hugh O'Brien (2018) Mineral Chemistry and Petrography of Kuusamo Kimberlites and Related Rocks, Finland. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 129
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21; http://tupa.gtk.fi/raportti/arkisto/m42_2010_69.pdf
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Sivakkaharju - Gold Database
'Davidite'
Reference: Vuorelainen, Yrjö 1962. Tutkimusselostus Kuusamon Juuman-Säkkilän albitiittikiviin liittyvien U-aiheiden malmimineraaliseurueista. Outokummun aineistot, 070/4613/ YV/ 62
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: https://rockstone-research.com/images/pdfs/ADD_TechnicalReport2017.pdf
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Meurastuksenaho - Gold Database
Dolomite var. Iron-bearing Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Säynäjävaara - Gold Database
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: Järvinen, V., Halkoaho, T., Konnunaho, J., Heinonen, J. S., & Rämö, O. T. (2019). Parental magma, magmatic stratigraphy, and reef-type PGE enrichment of the 2.44-Ga mafic-ultramafic Näränkävaara layered intrusion, Northern Finland. Mineralium Deposita, 1-26.
Enstatite var. Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: Järvinen, V., Halkoaho, T., Konnunaho, J., Heinonen, J. S., & Rämö, O. T. (2019). Parental magma, magmatic stratigraphy, and reef-type PGE enrichment of the 2.44-Ga mafic-ultramafic Näränkävaara layered intrusion, Northern Finland. Mineralium Deposita, 1-26.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Meurastuksenaho - Gold Database
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21; http://tupa.gtk.fi/raportti/arkisto/m42_2010_69.pdf
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Hayden Dalton, Andrea Giuliani, David Phillips, Janet Hergt, Hugh O'Brien (2018) Mineral Chemistry and Petrography of Kuusamo Kimberlites and Related Rocks, Finland. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 129
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Kramm, U. (1994). Isotope evidence for ijolite formation by fenitization: Sr− Nd data of ijolites from the type locality Iivaara, Finland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 115(3), 279-286. Kramm, U., Kogarko, L. N., Kononova, V. A., & Vartiainen, H. (1993). The Kola Alkaline Province of the CIS and Finland: Precise Rb Sr ages define 380–360 Ma age range for all magmatism. Lithos, 30(1), 33-44.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Kouvervaara - Gold Database
Ferroselite
Formula: FeSe2
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484; Vuorelainen Y, Huhma A, Häkli A (1964): Sederholmite, wilkmanite, kullerudite, mäkinenite, and trüstedtite, five new nickel selenide minerals. Comptes Rendus de la Société Géologique de Finlande. 36, 113-125
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Lehijärvi, Mauno 1960. the alkali districk of Iivaara, Kuusamo, Finland. Bull. Comm. Géol. Finlande. N:otitanite 189, p.189-62, illus.
Fluorapatite var. Strontium-bearing Apatite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)5(PO4)3F
Reference: Al-Ani, T., Sarapää, O. and Torppa, A. 2010. Petrography and mineralogy of REE-bearing minerals of Iivaara, Otanmäki and Korsnäs alkaline rocks, 22 s. Gelogian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M 42/ 2010/ 15.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Kramm, U. (1994). Isotope evidence for ijolite formation by fenitization: Sr− Nd data of ijolites from the type locality Iivaara, Finland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 115(3), 279-286. Kramm, U., Kogarko, L. N., Kononova, V. A., & Vartiainen, H. (1993). The Kola Alkaline Province of the CIS and Finland: Precise Rb Sr ages define 380–360 Ma age range for all magmatism. Lithos, 30(1), 33-44.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Järvinen, V., Halkoaho, T., Konnunaho, J., Heinonen, J. S., & Rämö, O. T. (2019). Parental magma, magmatic stratigraphy, and reef-type PGE enrichment of the 2.44-Ga mafic-ultramafic Näränkävaara layered intrusion, Northern Finland. Mineralium Deposita, 1-26.
Forsterite var. Peridot
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Järvinen, V., Halkoaho, T., Konnunaho, J., Heinonen, J. S., & Rämö, O. T. (2019). Parental magma, magmatic stratigraphy, and reef-type PGE enrichment of the 2.44-Ga mafic-ultramafic Näränkävaara layered intrusion, Northern Finland. Mineralium Deposita, 1-26.
Frohbergite
Formula: FeTe2
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Hangaslampi - Gold Database; Slack, J.F., ed., (2013), Descriptive and geoenvironmental model for cobalt-copper-gold deposits in metasedimentary rocks (ver. 1.1, March 14, 2014): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2010–5070–G, 218 p.,
Galena var. U-Galena
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Sivakkaharju - Gold Database
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Kouvervaara - Gold Database
'Garnet Group var. Titanian Garnet'
Reference: Kramm, U. (1994). Isotope evidence for ijolite formation by fenitization: Sr− Nd data of ijolites from the type locality Iivaara, Finland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 115(3), 279-286. Kramm, U., Kogarko, L. N., Kononova, V. A., & Vartiainen, H. (1993). The Kola Alkaline Province of the CIS and Finland: Precise Rb Sr ages define 380–360 Ma age range for all magmatism. Lithos, 30(1), 33-44.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Kouvervaara - Gold Database
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Vuorelainen, Yrjö 1962. Tutkimusselostus Kuusamon Juuman-Säkkilän albitiittikiviin liittyvien U-aiheiden malmimineraaliseurueista. Outokummun aineistot, 070/4613/ YV/ 62; Häkli, T. A., Vuorelainen, Y. and Sahama, Th. G. (1965): Kitkaite (NiTeSe), a new mineral from Kuusamo, northeast Finland. American Mineralogist. 50: 581-586.
Hibbingite
Formula: Fe2+2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Vanhanen, E. (2001). Geology, mineralogy and geochemistry of the Fe-Co-Au-(U) deposits in the Paleoproterozoic Kuusamo Schist Belt, northeastern Finland (Vol. 399). Geological Survey of Finland.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Lehijärvi, Mauno 1960. the alkali districk of Iivaara, Kuusamo, Finland. Bull. Comm. Géol. Finlande. N:otitanite 189, p.189-62, illus.; Kramm, U. (1994). Isotope evidence for ijolite formation by fenitization: Sr− Nd data of ijolites from the type locality Iivaara, Finland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 115(3), 279-286. Kramm, U., Kogarko, L. N., Kononova, V. A., & Vartiainen, H. (1993). The Kola Alkaline Province of the CIS and Finland: Precise Rb Sr ages define 380–360 Ma age range for all magmatism. Lithos, 30(1), 33-44.
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Ilkka Järvelä collection, identification Dr Martti Lahtinen
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Meurastuksenaho - Gold Database
Jaipurite
Formula: CoS
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Kouvervaara - Gold Database
Kasolite
Formula: Pb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
Reference: Vuorelainen, Yrjö 1962. Tutkimusselostus Kuusamon Juuman-Säkkilän albitiittikiviin liittyvien U-aiheiden malmimineraaliseurueista. Outokummun aineistot, 070/4613/ YV/ 62
Kawazulite
Formula: Bi2Te2Se
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
Kinoshitalite
Formula: (Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Hayden Dalton, Andrea Giuliani, David Phillips, Janet Hergt, Hugh O'Brien (2018) Mineral Chemistry and Petrography of Kuusamo Kimberlites and Related Rocks, Finland. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 129
Kitkaite (TL)
Formula: NiTeSe
Reference: AM 50 (1965), 581; HB1 (1990)
Kullerudite (TL)
Formula: NiSe2
Reference: Vuorelainen Y., Huhma A., Häkli A. (1964): Sederholmite, wilkmanite, kullerudite, mäkinenite, and trüstedtite, five new nickel selenide minerals. Comptes Rendus de la Société Géologique de Finlande. 36, 113-125.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Kouvervaara - Gold Database
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Kouvervaara - Gold Database
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
Mäkinenite (TL)
Formula: γ-NiSe
Reference: Vuorelainen Y., Huhma A., Häkli A. (1964): Sederholmite, wilkmanite, kullerudite, mäkinenite, and trüstedtite, five new nickel selenide minerals. Comptes Rendus de la Société Géologique de Finlande. 36, 113-125.
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Kouvervaara - Gold Database
Marathonite
Formula: Pd25Ge9
Reference: Järvinen, V., Halkoaho, T., Konnunaho, J., Heinonen, J. S., & Rämö, O. T. (2019). Parental magma, magmatic stratigraphy, and reef-type PGE enrichment of the 2.44-Ga mafic-ultramafic Näränkävaara layered intrusion, Northern Finland. Mineralium Deposita, 1-26.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Sivakkaharju - Gold Database
Mattagamite
Formula: CoTe2
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
'Mica Group'
Reference: Hayden Dalton, Andrea Giuliani, David Phillips, Janet Hergt, Hugh O'Brien (2018) Mineral Chemistry and Petrography of Kuusamo Kimberlites and Related Rocks, Finland. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 129
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Kouvervaara - Gold Database
'Microperthite'
Reference: Kramm, U. (1994). Isotope evidence for ijolite formation by fenitization: Sr− Nd data of ijolites from the type locality Iivaara, Finland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 115(3), 279-286. Kramm, U., Kogarko, L. N., Kononova, V. A., & Vartiainen, H. (1993). The Kola Alkaline Province of the CIS and Finland: Precise Rb Sr ages define 380–360 Ma age range for all magmatism. Lithos, 30(1), 33-44.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Vuorelainen, Yrjö 1962. Tutkimusselostus Kuusamon Juuman-Säkkilän albitiittikiviin liittyvien U-aiheiden malmimineraaliseurueista. Outokummun aineistot, 070/4613/ YV/ 62
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: http://tupa.gtk.fi/raportti/arkisto/m42_2010_69.pdf
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
Muscovite var. Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Kouvervaara - Gold Database
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Lehijärvi, Mauno 1960. the alkali districk of Iivaara, Kuusamo, Finland. Bull. Comm. Géol. Finlande. N:otitanite 189, p.189-62, illus.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Sahama, T. G. (1958). A complex form of natural nepheline from Iivaara, Finland. American Mineralogist, 43(1-2), 165-166.; Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21; Kramm, U. (1994). Isotope evidence for ijolite formation by fenitization: Sr− Nd data of ijolites from the type locality Iivaara, Finland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 115(3), 279-286. Kramm, U., Kogarko, L. N., Kononova, V. A., & Vartiainen, H. (1993). The Kola Alkaline Province of the CIS and Finland: Precise Rb Sr ages define 380–360 Ma age range for all magmatism. Lithos, 30(1), 33-44.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Al-Ani, T., Sarapää, O. and Torppa, A. 2010. Petrography and mineralogy of REE-bearing minerals of Iivaara, Otanmäki and Korsnäs alkaline rocks, 22 s. Gelogian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M 42/ 2010/ 15.
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Paraguanajuatite
Formula: Bi2Se3
Reference: Am Min 50:581-586
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Lehijärvi, Mauno 1960. the alkali districk of Iivaara, Kuusamo, Finland. Bull. Comm. Géol. Finlande. N:otitanite 189, p.189-62, illus.; Kramm, U. (1994). Isotope evidence for ijolite formation by fenitization: Sr− Nd data of ijolites from the type locality Iivaara, Finland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 115(3), 279-286. Kramm, U., Kogarko, L. N., Kononova, V. A., & Vartiainen, H. (1993). The Kola Alkaline Province of the CIS and Finland: Precise Rb Sr ages define 380–360 Ma age range for all magmatism. Lithos, 30(1), 33-44.
Penroseite
Formula: (Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Meurastuksenaho - Gold Database
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Hayden Dalton, Andrea Giuliani, David Phillips, Janet Hergt, Hugh O'Brien (2018) Mineral Chemistry and Petrography of Kuusamo Kimberlites and Related Rocks, Finland. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 129
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Al-Ani, T., Sarapää, O. and Torppa, A. 2010. Petrography and mineralogy of REE-bearing minerals of Iivaara, Otanmäki and Korsnäs alkaline rocks, 22 s. Gelogian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M 42/ 2010/ 15.
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Description: selenian polydymite
Reference: Häkli, T. A., Vuorelainen, Y. and Sahama, Th. G. (1965): Kitkaite (NiTeSe), a new mineral from Kuusamo, northeast Finland. American Mineralogist. 50: 581-586
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Säynäjävaara - Gold Database
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: A. Mikkola (1947)Kuusamon mangaaniesiintymä. Geologinen Tutkimuslaitos, raportti M/17/Ks/47/11
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: https://rockstone-research.com/images/pdfs/ADD_TechnicalReport2017.pdf
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Kramm, U. (1994). Isotope evidence for ijolite formation by fenitization: Sr− Nd data of ijolites from the type locality Iivaara, Finland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 115(3), 279-286. Kramm, U., Kogarko, L. N., Kononova, V. A., & Vartiainen, H. (1993). The Kola Alkaline Province of the CIS and Finland: Precise Rb Sr ages define 380–360 Ma age range for all magmatism. Lithos, 30(1), 33-44.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Säynäjävaara - Gold Database
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Sivakkaharju - Gold Database
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: Vuorelainen, Yrjö 1962. Tutkimusselostus Kuusamon Juuman-Säkkilän albitiittikiviin liittyvien U-aiheiden malmimineraaliseurueista. Outokummun aineistot, 070/4613/ YV/ 62
Richetite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O
Reference: Al-Ani, Thair and Pakkanen, Lassi (2013): Mini-Atlas of REE-minerals in Finnish Bedrocks. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus/Geological Survey of Finland.
Rucklidgeite
Formula: PbBi2Te4
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
Schorlomite
Formula: Ca3Ti2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Description: Originally described as "iivaarite"
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., & McCammon, C. A. (2005). Schorlomite: a discussion of the crystal chemistry, formula, and inter-species boundaries. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 32(4), 277-289.; Kramm, U. (1994). Isotope evidence for ijolite formation by fenitization: Sr− Nd data of ijolites from the type locality Iivaara, Finland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 115(3), 279-286. Kramm, U., Kogarko, L. N., Kononova, V. A., & Vartiainen, H. (1993). The Kola Alkaline Province of the CIS and Finland: Precise Rb Sr ages define 380–360 Ma age range for all magmatism. Lithos, 30(1), 33-44.
Sederholmite (TL)
Formula: beta-NiSe
Reference: Vuorelainen Y., Huhma A., Häkli A. (1964): Sederholmite, wilkmanite, kullerudite, mäkinenite, and trüstedtite, five new nickel selenide minerals. Comptes Rendus de la Société Géologique de Finlande. 36, 113-125.
Selenium
Formula: Se
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Hayden Dalton, Andrea Giuliani, David Phillips, Janet Hergt, Hugh O'Brien (2018) Mineral Chemistry and Petrography of Kuusamo Kimberlites and Related Rocks, Finland. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 129
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Reference: Vuorelainen, Yrjö 1962. Tutkimusselostus Kuusamon Juuman-Säkkilän albitiittikiviin liittyvien U-aiheiden malmimineraaliseurueista. Outokummun aineistot, 070/4613/ YV/ 62
Sodalite
Formula: Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Reference: Lehijärvi, Mauno 1960. the alkali districk of Iivaara, Kuusamo, Finland. Bull. Comm. Géol. Finlande. N:otitanite 189, p.189-62, illus.; Kramm, U. (1994). Isotope evidence for ijolite formation by fenitization: Sr− Nd data of ijolites from the type locality Iivaara, Finland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 115(3), 279-286. Kramm, U., Kogarko, L. N., Kononova, V. A., & Vartiainen, H. (1993). The Kola Alkaline Province of the CIS and Finland: Precise Rb Sr ages define 380–360 Ma age range for all magmatism. Lithos, 30(1), 33-44.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Hayden Dalton, Andrea Giuliani, David Phillips, Janet Hergt, Hugh O'Brien (2018) Mineral Chemistry and Petrography of Kuusamo Kimberlites and Related Rocks, Finland. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 129
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Kouvervaara - Gold Database
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Jyrki Autio Collection
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Meurastuksenaho - Gold Database
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: http://www.gsf.fi/info/tr153abs.html
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21; http://tupa.gtk.fi/raportti/arkisto/m42_2010_69.pdf
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Lehijärvi, Mauno 1960. the alkali districk of Iivaara, Kuusamo, Finland. Bull. Comm. Géol. Finlande. N:otitanite 189, p.189-62, illus.; Kramm, U. (1994). Isotope evidence for ijolite formation by fenitization: Sr− Nd data of ijolites from the type locality Iivaara, Finland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 115(3), 279-286. Kramm, U., Kogarko, L. N., Kononova, V. A., & Vartiainen, H. (1993). The Kola Alkaline Province of the CIS and Finland: Precise Rb Sr ages define 380–360 Ma age range for all magmatism. Lithos, 30(1), 33-44.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Sivakkaharju - Gold Database
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Hangaslampi - Gold Database
Trüstedtite (TL)
Formula: Ni3Se4
Reference: Compt.Rend.Soc.Geol.Finland,(1964) 36, 113-125
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
Reference: Hayden Dalton, Andrea Giuliani, David Phillips, Janet Hergt, Hugh O'Brien (2018) Mineral Chemistry and Petrography of Kuusamo Kimberlites and Related Rocks, Finland. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 129
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
Vaesite
Formula: NiS2
Description: Selenian
Reference: Vuorelainen Y, Huhma A, Häkli A (1964): Sederholmite, wilkmanite, kullerudite, mäkinenite, and trüstedtite, five new nickel selenide minerals. Comptes Rendus de la Société Géologique de Finlande. 36, 113-125 ; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Wilkmanite (TL)
Formula: Ni3Se4
Reference: Vuorelainen Y., Huhma A., Häkli A. (1964): Sederholmite, wilkmanite, kullerudite, mäkinenite, and trüstedtite, five new nickel selenide minerals. Comptes Rendus de la Société Géologique de Finlande. 36, 113-125.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Lehijärvi, Mauno 1960. the alkali districk of Iivaara, Kuusamo, Finland. Bull. Comm. Géol. Finlande. N:otitanite 189, p.189-62, illus.; Kramm, U. (1994). Isotope evidence for ijolite formation by fenitization: Sr− Nd data of ijolites from the type locality Iivaara, Finland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 115(3), 279-286. Kramm, U., Kogarko, L. N., Kononova, V. A., & Vartiainen, H. (1993). The Kola Alkaline Province of the CIS and Finland: Precise Rb Sr ages define 380–360 Ma age range for all magmatism. Lithos, 30(1), 33-44.
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Kramm, U. (1994). Isotope evidence for ijolite formation by fenitization: Sr− Nd data of ijolites from the type locality Iivaara, Finland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 115(3), 279-286. Kramm, U., Kogarko, L. N., Kononova, V. A., & Vartiainen, H. (1993). The Kola Alkaline Province of the CIS and Finland: Precise Rb Sr ages define 380–360 Ma age range for all magmatism. Lithos, 30(1), 33-44.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Al-Ani, T., Sarapää, O. and Torppa, A. 2010. Petrography and mineralogy of REE-bearing minerals of Iivaara, Otanmäki and Korsnäs alkaline rocks, 22 s. Gelogian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M 42/ 2010/ 15.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Gold1.AA.05Au
Iron1.AE.05Fe
Selenium1.CC.10Se
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Cattierite2.EB.05aCoS2
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cobaltpentlandite2.BB.15(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Ferroselite2.EB.10aFeSe2
Frohbergite2.EB.10aFeTe2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var. U-Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hedleyite2.DC.05Bi7Te3
Jaipurite2.CC.05CoS
Kawazulite2.DC.05Bi2Te2Se
Kitkaite (TL)2.EA.20NiTeSe
Kullerudite (TL)2.EB.10aNiSe2
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Mattagamite2.EB.10aCoTe2
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Mäkinenite (TL)2.CC.20γ-NiSe
Paraguanajuatite2.DC.05Bi2Se3
Penroseite2.EB.05a(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Rammelsbergite2.EB.15aNiAs2
Rucklidgeite2.GC.40cPbBi2Te4
Sederholmite (TL)2.CC.05beta-NiSe
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Trüstedtite (TL)2.DA.05Ni3Se4
Vaesite2.EB.05aNiS2
Wilkmanite (TL)2.D0.15Ni3Se4
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Hibbingite3.DA.10aFe2+2(OH)3Cl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brannerite4.DH.05UTi2O6
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Richetite4.GB.15(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Ulvöspinel4.BB.05TiFe2O4
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Bijvoetite-(Y)5.EB.20Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var. Iron-bearing Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var. Strontium-bearing Apatite8.BN.05(Ca,Sr)5(PO4)3F
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
var. Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
var. Peridot9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Kasolite9.AK.15Pb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
Kinoshitalite9.EC.35(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var. Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Schorlomite9.AD.25Ca3Ti2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Sodalite9.FB.10Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
''-
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Davidite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'var. Titanian Garnet'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
Marathonite-Pd25Ge9
'Mica Group'-
'Microperthite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Maldonite1.1.3.1Au2Bi
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Selenium1.3.4.1Se
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Hedleyite2.6.3.3Bi7Te3
Rucklidgeite2.6.2.7PbBi2Te4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Cobaltpentlandite2.7.1.3(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Mäkinenite (TL)2.8.16.2γ-NiSe
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sederholmite (TL)2.8.11.3beta-NiSe
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
Polydymite2.10.1.7Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
Trüstedtite (TL)2.10.1.9Ni3Se4
Wilkmanite (TL)2.10.2.1Ni3Se4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Kawazulite2.11.7.5Bi2Te2Se
Paraguanajuatite2.11.7.4Bi2Se3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Cattierite2.12.1.3CoS2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Ferroselite2.12.2.2FeSe2
Frohbergite2.12.2.3FeTe2
Kitkaite (TL)2.12.14.2NiTeSe
Kullerudite (TL)2.12.2.6NiSe2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Mattagamite2.12.2.5CoTe2
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Penroseite2.12.1.4(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Rammelsbergite2.12.2.12NiAs2
Vaesite2.12.1.2NiS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Miscellaneous
Richetite5.9.5.1(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Ulvöspinel7.2.5.2TiFe2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Brannerite8.3.4.1UTi2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Hibbingite10.1.1.2Fe2+2(OH)3Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bijvoetite-(Y)16b.2.4.1Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Schorlomite51.4.3c.1Ca3Ti2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Kasolite53.3.1.1Pb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Kinoshitalite71.2.2c.5(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Paragonite71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
''-
Actinolite-☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Davidite'-
Dolomite
var. Iron-bearing Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Enstatite
var. Bronzite
-(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Fluorapatite
var. Strontium-bearing Apatite
-(Ca,Sr)5(PO4)3F
Forsterite
var. Peridot
-Mg2SiO4
Galena
var. U-Galena
-PbS
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'var. Titanian Garnet'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
Iron-Fe
Jaipurite-CoS
Marathonite-Pd25Ge9
'Mica Group'-
'Microperthite'-
Muscovite
var. Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var. Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H HibbingiteFe22+(OH)3Cl
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Richetite(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O
H Bijvoetite-(Y)Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
H KasolitePb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
H Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
H Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Kinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C Dolomite var. Iron-bearing DolomiteCa(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C Bijvoetite-(Y)Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C DiamondC
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
OOxygen
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O RutileTiO2
O UraniniteUO2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O HibbingiteFe22+(OH)3Cl
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Dolomite var. Iron-bearing DolomiteCa(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
O QuartzSiO2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O HematiteFe2O3
O FerberiteFeWO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O SchorlomiteCa3Ti2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Richetite(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O
O Bijvoetite-(Y)Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
O BranneriteUTi2O6
O KasolitePb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Fluorapatite var. Strontium-bearing Apatite(Ca,Sr)5(PO4)3F
O AnataseTiO2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
O Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
O Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O Kinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Enstatite var. Bronzite(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O Forsterite var. PeridotMg2SiO4
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluorapatite var. Strontium-bearing Apatite(Ca,Sr)5(PO4)3F
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Dolomite var. Iron-bearing DolomiteCa(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Richetite(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Mg Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg Kinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Enstatite var. Bronzite(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg Forsterite var. PeridotMg2SiO4
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Al Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Kinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si SchorlomiteCa3Ti2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si KasolitePb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Si Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Si Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Kinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Enstatite var. Bronzite(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si Forsterite var. PeridotMg2SiO4
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Fluorapatite var. Strontium-bearing Apatite(Ca,Sr)5(PO4)3F
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S Cobaltpentlandite(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
S LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S PyriteFeS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S VaesiteNiS2
S CattieriteCoS2
S PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
S JaipuriteCoS
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S GalenaPbS
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S MilleriteNiS
S SiegeniteCoNi2S4
S SulphurS8
ClChlorine
Cl HibbingiteFe22+(OH)3Cl
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Kinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Dolomite var. Iron-bearing DolomiteCa(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca SchorlomiteCa3Ti2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Fluorapatite var. Strontium-bearing Apatite(Ca,Sr)5(PO4)3F
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti SchorlomiteCa3Ti2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Ti BranneriteUTi2O6
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
CrChromium
Cr Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Kinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe FrohbergiteFeTe2
Fe Cobaltpentlandite(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Fe HibbingiteFe22+(OH)3Cl
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Dolomite var. Iron-bearing DolomiteCa(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe FerroseliteFeSe2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe SchorlomiteCa3Ti2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe Richetite(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Fe Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe IronFe
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Enstatite var. Bronzite(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co MattagamiteCoTe2
Co Cobaltpentlandite(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Co LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
Co Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
Co CattieriteCoS2
Co JaipuriteCoS
Co SiegeniteCoNi2S4
NiNickel
Ni KitkaiteNiTeSe
Ni Mäkineniteγ-NiSe
Ni TrüstedtiteNi3Se4
Ni Sederholmitebeta-NiSe
Ni KulleruditeNiSe2
Ni WilkmaniteNi3Se4
Ni MeloniteNiTe2
Ni Cobaltpentlandite(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Ni Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
Ni VaesiteNiS2
Ni PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni SiegeniteCoNi2S4
Ni RammelsbergiteNiAs2
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
GeGermanium
Ge MarathonitePd25Ge9
AsArsenic
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As RammelsbergiteNiAs2
SeSelenium
Se KitkaiteNiTeSe
Se Mäkineniteγ-NiSe
Se TrüstedtiteNi3Se4
Se Sederholmitebeta-NiSe
Se KulleruditeNiSe2
Se WilkmaniteNi3Se4
Se KawazuliteBi2Te2Se
Se ClausthalitePbSe
Se Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
Se SeleniumSe
Se FerroseliteFeSe2
Se ParaguanajuatiteBi2Se3
SrStrontium
Sr Fluorapatite var. Strontium-bearing Apatite(Ca,Sr)5(PO4)3F
YYttrium
Y Bijvoetite-(Y)Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
PdPalladium
Pd MarathonitePd25Ge9
TeTellurium
Te KitkaiteNiTeSe
Te AltaitePbTe
Te CalaveriteAuTe2
Te FrohbergiteFeTe2
Te MeloniteNiTe2
Te RucklidgeitePbBi2Te4
Te TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
Te MattagamiteCoTe2
Te KawazuliteBi2Te2Se
Te HedleyiteBi7Te3
Te TelluriumTe
BaBarium
Ba Kinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W FerberiteFeWO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au CalaveriteAuTe2
Au MaldoniteAu2Bi
PbLead
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb RucklidgeitePbBi2Te4
Pb ClausthalitePbSe
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb Richetite(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O
Pb KasolitePb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
BiBismuth
Bi RucklidgeitePbBi2Te4
Bi TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
Bi KawazuliteBi2Te2Se
Bi MaldoniteAu2Bi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi HedleyiteBi7Te3
Bi BismuthBi
Bi ParaguanajuatiteBi2Se3
ThThorium
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2
U Richetite(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O
U Bijvoetite-(Y)Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
U BranneriteUTi2O6
U KasolitePb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Late Devonian : 373.3 ± 8.1 Ma to 367.4 ± 4.9 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded on mindat.org for this locality and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Devonian
   Late Devonian
ⓘ Ijolite (youngest age)367.4 ± 4.9 MaIivaara Intrusion (Ijola), Kuusamo, North Ostrobothnia, Finland
ⓘ Ijolite (oldest age)373.3 ± 8.1 MaIivaara Intrusion (Ijola), Kuusamo, North Ostrobothnia, Finland

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Vuorelainen, Yrjö (1962): Tutkimusselostus Kuusamon Juuman-Säkkilän albitiittikiviin liittyvien U-aiheiden malmimineraaliseurueista. Outokummun aineistot, 070/4613/ YV/ 62
Vuorelainen Y., Huhma A., Häkli A. (1964): Sederholmite, wilkmanite, kullerudite, mäkinenite, and trüstedtite, five new nickel selenide minerals. Comptes Rendus de la Société Géologique de Finlande. 36, 113-125.
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.
Vanhanen, E. (2001). Geology, mineralogy and geochemistry of the Fe-Co-Au-(U) deposits in the Paleoproterozoic Kuusamo Schist Belt, northeastern Finland (Vol. 399). Geological Survey of Finland.

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kuusamo
Wikidata ID:Q207999
GeoNames ID:649924

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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