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User and Contributor Manual


As a science-driven database, information added to must be accompanied by proper references. The established rules as to how these references should be formatted within mindat are described below.

General Formatting Rules

The following rules apply to all references.

1. A reference must list Author(s), Year, Title, Publication, in that order.
Use of full first names is encouraged to differentiate between authors with the same last names and similar initials.
Depending on the type of reference, "Publication" may include the name of the journal or book, the publisher, the volumes and issue numbers and the pages (see examples below).

2. Do not use abbreviations! Spell out all references completely. This is critical for use of references within the international community.

3. Do not use characters in front of references (e.g.: no "-" or "+" or "●").

4. For rules on interpunctuation, please check the examples below. Do NOT simply copy and paste references!

References other than publications may be entered into mindat only if there is no published literature for the data being entered. The typical case would be the addition of a mineral to a site, which requires that the method of identification is given.

Adding References

When editing a locality, references are entered into a specific "Reference" field. 
 Do not enter references to the descriptive.
When a mineral is addd to a locality, a published or personal reference has to be entered, as explained in Editing a Locality.
References follow the same format across the database.

When adding references within an existing list, adhere to the following rules:

1. Individual references end with a period sign "." and are separated by a single line (hard stop). 

Do NOT precede references with a hypen or dash "-" or any other symbol or character!

2. References in mindat are listed chronologically, oldest first. This is to make it easier to find more recent (and ideally more accurate) information as research progresses. 
If you click the "Sort references by year" (top right corner of reference entry field), the references will be sorted by year and a single line will be added between them.


Use the following examples as guidance to format publications.

Journal Articles
Goldsmith, J.R., Graf, D.L., Witters, J., Northrop, D.A. (1962) Studies in the system CaCO3•MgCO3•FeCO3: (1) Phase relations; (2) A method for major element spectrochemical analyses; and (3) Composition of some ferroan dolomites. Journal of Geology: 70(7): 659-688.

Book Sections
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 680-685.

Field Guides
Bailes, A., Rubingh, K., Gagné, S., Taylor, C., Galley, A., Bernauer, S., Simms, D. (2013) Volcanological and structural setting of Paleoproterozoic VMS and gold deposits at Snow Lake, Manitoba. Field Trip Guidebook FT-A2. Geological Association of Canada–Mineralogical Association of Canada Joint Annual Meeting, Winnipeg. Open File OF 2013-3, 73 pages.

Personal Communications
Jonathan, James R. (2015) Alaska Geological Survey, personal communication to James Prospector.

Unpublished References
Collected by James Prospector (2015) Material analyzed via EDS by Dr. Hubertus A. Goodfellow, Razzamataz University, Columbus, Alaska, USA.

Online References
On locality pages, references to websites and other online sources are entered in a separate field. 
Resources to online sources use a different format: A URL, followed by a dash "-" and some text explaining what is found at the online source. - Photos of Fake Skeletal Galena.


When referring to a reference within a description, use the footnote feature programmed into the database. Do not use any other abbreviated format to indicate a reference.

To add a footnote:

1. Type “[[#]]” immediately after the text being attributed to a specific reference. The numbers should advance sequentially for each additional new reference being cited. Numbers may be used repeatedly if there are multiple instances where the same reference applies to multiple sections of text content.

Topaz occurrences are concentrated along the contact between the Pikes Peak Granite and the Redskin stock.[[1]]

2. Type the very same key characters (“[[#]]”) immediately before the corresponding reference in the "references" block on the locality page. The references will be automatically sequenced into numerical order in the reference block once the data is submitted.

[[1]]Muntyan, B.L., and J.R. Muntyan (1985) Minerals of the Pikes Peak Granite: Mineralogical Record: 16(3): 217-230.

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